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Selective Issues In Effective Medicaid Estate Recovery Statutes, Raymond C. O'Brien 2016 The Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law

Selective Issues In Effective Medicaid Estate Recovery Statutes, Raymond C. O'Brien

Catholic University Law Review

Medicaid is a joint federal-state partnership program that provides medical care to the elderly, blind, and disabled poor. Unlike Medicare, Medicaid will pay for long-term care, leading millions of persons in need of such care to “spend-down” income or assets to qualify as sufficiently needy or poor. However, the state can eventually seek recovery of expenditures made through estate recovery programs following the death of both spouses. As it currently stands, states have no choice but to become increasingly vigilant in pursuing private funds in order to pay for Medicaid expenditures. As a result, elderly citizens and their families will ...


Mapping Chinese Trusts With A Patrimony Compass, Thomas Simmons 2016 University of South Dakota School of Law

Mapping Chinese Trusts With A Patrimony Compass, Thomas Simmons

Tom E. Simmons

Review of: Kai Lyu, Re-Clarifying China's Trust Law: Characteristics and New Conceptual Basis, 36 Loy. L.A. Int'l & Comp. L. Rev. 447 (2015).


Minimizing Probate-Error Risk, Mark Glover 2016 University of Wyoming College of Law

Minimizing Probate-Error Risk, Mark Glover

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

Probate-error risk is the possibility that a court will incorrectly assess the authenticity of a will. By prescribing the method courts use to evaluate the authenticity of wills, the law of will-execution allocates probate-error risk between false-positive outcomes and false-negative outcomes. When a court validates an inauthentic will, it creates a false-positive outcome. When a court invalidates an authentic will, it creates a false-negative outcome. Because false-positive outcomes result in the admission to probate of inauthentic wills and false-negative outcomes result in the denial of probate of genuine wills, both can be characterized as probate errors. This framework has been ...


Slaying Contingent Beneficiaries, Kevin Bennardo 2016 University of Miami Law School

Slaying Contingent Beneficiaries, Kevin Bennardo

University of Miami Business Law Review

This Article analyzes what impact, if any, the slaying of one beneficiary by another should have on distribution of a decedent’s property. This issue could arise in a variety of conveyances, such as intestate succession, wills, pay-on-death bank accounts, transfer-on-death securities, or life insurance proceeds. Based on equity, the Restatement (Third) of Restitution takes the position that a beneficiary may never move forward in the line of succession as the result of a slaying. This result is thought to be an extension of the traditional “slayer rule,” which disallows a slayer from inheriting from her victim.

The Article argues ...


Selective Issues In Effective Medicaid Estate Recovery Statutes, Raymond C. O'Brien 2016 The Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law

Selective Issues In Effective Medicaid Estate Recovery Statutes, Raymond C. O'Brien

Scholarly Articles and Other Contributions

Medicaid is a joint federal-state partnership program that provides medical care to the elderly, blind, and disabled poor. Unlike Medicare, Medicaid will pay for long-term care, leading millions of persons in need of such care to “spend-down” income or assets to qualify as sufficiently needy or poor. However, the state can eventually seek recovery of expenditures made through estate recovery programs following the death of both spouses. As it currently stands, states have no choice but to become increasingly vigilant in pursuing private funds in order to pay for Medicaid expenditures. As a result, elderly citizens and their families will ...


Wills Above Ground, Thomas Simmons 2015 University of South Dakota School of Law

Wills Above Ground, Thomas Simmons

Tom E. Simmons

The widespread adoption of electronic court filing systems allow for easier and more efficient views of the rich data of probate proceedings. Wills Law on the Ground by Professor David Horton, published in the UCLA Law Review, highlights both the potential and some of the inherent limitations of empirical research in the law of wills. Wills law has been the battleground of formalists and functionalists over the last half century, with both sides bearing the banner of testator intent, but neither backing up their proposals or counterproposals with much hard data about which better achieves their common aim. Professor Horton ...


Forfeiting Trust, Deborah S. Gordon 2015 College of William & Mary Law School

Forfeiting Trust, Deborah S. Gordon

William & Mary Law Review

Over the past two years, a significant number of appellate courts in jurisdictions throughout the country have faced trust provisions that purport to disinherit any beneficiaries who challenge a trustee’s decision making. Such provisions to “secure compliance ... with dispositions of property”—known as “forfeiture,” “no-contest,” “anticontest,” or “penalty” clauses—have appeared in wills for well more than a century. But the trust clauses differ from their testamentary counterparts and thus deserve serious scrutiny in their own right, especially because the abundance of recent cases has led to increasingly inconsistent and haphazard approaches. This Article exposes the problems that trust ...


Fiduciary Governance, Paul B. Miller, Andrew S. Gold 2015 College of William & Mary Law School

Fiduciary Governance, Paul B. Miller, Andrew S. Gold

William & Mary Law Review

The fiduciary relationship is one of the most fundamental legal relationships, and its importance for both public and private law is increasingly recognized. Fiduciary mandates typically involve one person—the fiduciary—administering the affairs or property of other persons—an individual beneficiary or group of beneficiaries. Yet, as we will demonstrate, this is not the only way fiduciary relationships are structured. Most accounts of fiduciary law oversimplify the law because they exclude a categorically different form of fiduciary relationship. A significant set of fiduciary relationships feature governance mandates in which the fiduciary is charged with pursuing abstract purposes rather than ...


Dealing With Dirty Deeds: Matching Nemo Dat Preferences With Property Law Pragmatism, Donald J. Kochan 2015

Dealing With Dirty Deeds: Matching Nemo Dat Preferences With Property Law Pragmatism, Donald J. Kochan

Donald J. Kochan

An organizing principle of the rule of law based on individualism and order is expressed by the Latin maxim nemo dat quod non habet – roughly translated to mean that one can only give what they have or one can only transfer what they own.  Yet when title disputes arise between two or more purchasers, we have accepted pragmatically that exceptions must be made to nemo dat and that, at times, we may have to, in essence, validate fraud and other dirty deeds.  The Article outlines the basic place of the nemo dat principle in our system of law, introduces the ...


A Protector By Any Other Name........., Alexander A. Bove Jr, Alexander A Bove, Jr 2015

A Protector By Any Other Name........., Alexander A. Bove Jr, Alexander A Bove, Jr

Alexander A Bove Jr

No abstract provided.


Balancing Testamentary Incapacity And Undue Influence: How To Handle Will Contests Of Testators With Diminishing Capacity, Richard B. Keeton 2015 Texas Tech University

Balancing Testamentary Incapacity And Undue Influence: How To Handle Will Contests Of Testators With Diminishing Capacity, Richard B. Keeton

Richard B Keeton

Will contests involving testators with diminishing capacity present a number of challenges to attorneys and courts. One such challenge is the fact finding process to balance concurrent allegations of testamentary incapacity and undue influence. While a lack of testamentary incapacity and undue influence are two distinct grounds for avoiding a will, many courts have had conflicting opinions on whether a finding of undue influence is dependent upon a finding of requisite testamentary capacity or whether the two findings are mutually exclusive. This article attempts to provide a general understanding of basic concepts and theories relating to will contests of testators ...


The Family Llc: A New Approach To Insuring Dynastic Wealth, Evan Michael Purcell 2015 Pepperdine University

The Family Llc: A New Approach To Insuring Dynastic Wealth, Evan Michael Purcell

The Journal of Business, Entrepreneurship & the Law

This Article introduces the taxpayer to the basic background principles needed to understand the inner workings of the investment, then provides a guide to drafting considerations for the family's attorney, and concludes with a general plan to maintain business legitimacy and take advantage of tax-favored status, while retaining the flexibility essential to combating the unexpected. Part II addresses the historically favored tax treatment of life insurance products, as well as relatively recent restrictive reforms. Part III addresses the background foundation of the LLC entity and surveys its skeletal structure. Part IV introduces a practical example of how to create ...


The Divergent Evolution Of English Property Law, Jerry L. Anderson 2015 Drake Law School

The Divergent Evolution Of English Property Law, Jerry L. Anderson

Jerry L. Anderson

Despite the common origins of American and English property law, there are now some significant, and interesting, differences. This article examines five divergent aspects in the areas of title registration, limitations on ownership, condominiums, adverse possession, and foreclosure. In each case, the differences should cause us to think about whether our system represents the best approach, in terms of efficiency and fairness.


Justice Before Generosity: Creditors' Claim To Assets Of A Revocable Trust After The Death Of The Settlor, Lauren Ashley Gribble 2015 University of Akron

Justice Before Generosity: Creditors' Claim To Assets Of A Revocable Trust After The Death Of The Settlor, Lauren Ashley Gribble

Akron Law Review

No abstract provided.


Trust And Good-Faith Taken To A New Level: An Analysis Of Inconsistent Behavior In The Brazilian Legal Order, Thiago Luis Sombra 2015 University of Brasília-Brazil

Trust And Good-Faith Taken To A New Level: An Analysis Of Inconsistent Behavior In The Brazilian Legal Order, Thiago Luis Sombra

Thiago Luís Santos Sombra

With the changes in the paradigm of voluntarism developed under the protection of liberalism, the bases for legal acts have reached an objective dimension, resulting in the birth of a number of mechanisms of control of private autonomy. Among these mechanisms, we can point out the relevance of those reinforced by the Roman Law, whose high ethical value underlines one of its biggest virtues in the control of the exercise of subjective rights. The prohibition of inconsistent behavior, conceived in the brocard venire contra factum proprium, constitutes one of the concepts from the Roman Law renown for the protection of ...


Advance Directive Accessibility: Unlocking The Toolbox Containing Our End-Of-Life Decisions, Vanessa Cavallaro 2015 Touro College Jacob D. Fuchsberg Law Center

Advance Directive Accessibility: Unlocking The Toolbox Containing Our End-Of-Life Decisions, Vanessa Cavallaro

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


Intestacy Concerns For Same-Sex Couples: How Variations In State Law And Policy Affect Testamentary Wishes, Megan Moser 2015 Seattle University School of Law

Intestacy Concerns For Same-Sex Couples: How Variations In State Law And Policy Affect Testamentary Wishes, Megan Moser

Seattle University Law Review

As the number of same-sex couples increases in the United States, concerns regarding the evolution of federal and state law, with respect to rights for same-sex couples, also continue to rise. As marriage is not always available to same-sex couples, they often face very different legal issues than couples in a traditional marriage. Because marriage is typically not a legal cause of action, the question of a marriage’s validity often arises incidentally to another legal question, such as the disposition of a decedent’s estate.


An Approach To The Regulation Of Spanish Banking Foundations, Miguel Martínez 2015 Universidad Pontificia de Comillas

An Approach To The Regulation Of Spanish Banking Foundations, Miguel Martínez

Miguel Martínez

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the legal framework governing banking foundations as they have been regulated by Spanish Act 26/2013, of December 27th, on savings banks and banking foundations. Title 2 of this regulation addresses a construct that is groundbreaking for the Spanish legal system, still of paramount importance for the entire financial system insofar as these foundations become the leading players behind certain banking institutions given the high interest that foundations hold in the share capital of such institutions.


A Trustee’S Fiduciary Duties At The Start And End Of Administration, Robert Whitman 2015 The Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law

A Trustee’S Fiduciary Duties At The Start And End Of Administration, Robert Whitman

Catholic University Law Review

Prior to the creation of a trust and at its termination, a trustee’s fiduciary duties are often ambiguous. It is argued that, where fiduciary duties do not exist, contract law may be found to govern the rights of the settlor, the trustee, and the beneficiaries. This article refutes this argument because under the principles of modern contract law, certain conduct may be permitted that would not be acceptable if fiduciary duties existed more clearly. The most common problems arise in three areas: (1) the seeking of a receipt and release by a corporate fiduciary upon an informal termination of ...


How The Über-Wealthy Benefit From Investing Outside Retirement Plans (And How You Can Too), Sergio Pareja 2015 The Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law

How The Über-Wealthy Benefit From Investing Outside Retirement Plans (And How You Can Too), Sergio Pareja

Catholic University Law Review

Current law incentivizes the use of traditional retirement plans, but those plans may not actually produce the best long-term tax situation for the taxpayer. The stepped-up basis at death does not apply to what is known as “income in respect of a decedent” (IRD). Generally, IRD is income that cannot be assigned from one person to another for income tax purposes. This includes pre-tax income set aside in a traditional employer-sponsored retirement plan, such as a 401(k) plan, as well as contributions to a deductible individual retirement account (IRA). Thus, stock held within a traditional employer-sponsored retirement plan or ...


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