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Access To Communication In United States Prisons: Reducing Recidivism Through Expanded Communication Programs With Inmates, Lilie Gross 2016 University of Puget Sound

Access To Communication In United States Prisons: Reducing Recidivism Through Expanded Communication Programs With Inmates, Lilie Gross

Politics & Government Undergraduate Theses

The need for better communication systems in prisons is dire and will reduce recidivism rates in the United States. Not only is communication via phone lines extremely expensive and corrupt, it is almost impossible. Inmates in United States Prisons need this availability and option to communicate with their families and maintain outside relationships. While maintaining healthy and positive relationships is good for inmate's mental health, it also decreases the risk of recidivism. This paper aims to highlight the benefits of phone communication and relationships between inmates and family on the outside for it will decrease the 50% recidivism rate ...


The Riddle Of Harmless Error Revisited, John M. Greabe 2016 Franklin Pierce Law Center

The Riddle Of Harmless Error Revisited, John M. Greabe

John M Greabe

Half a century ago, in Chapman v. California, the Supreme Court imposed on appellate courts an obligation to vacate or reverse criminal judgments marred by constitutional error unless the government demonstrates that the error was harmless beyond a reasonable doubt.  But the Court did not explain the juridical status of this obligation or its relation to the federal harmless-error statute, 28 U.S.C. § 2111.  In the intervening years, commentators have struggled to make sense of Chapman.  Some see it as a constitutional mandate.  Others view it as an example of constitutional common law. In THE RIDDLE OF HARMLESS ERROR ...


Criminal Backgrounds Of Sextraffickers - Abstract, Alexis Piccirillo, Amelia Davis, Emily Markey, Donna M. Hughes Dr. 2016 Independent

Criminal Backgrounds Of Sextraffickers - Abstract, Alexis Piccirillo, Amelia Davis, Emily Markey, Donna M. Hughes Dr.

Donna M. Hughes

Less is known about perpetrators of sex trafficking compared to the victims. The aim of
this study is to learn more about sex traffickers by analyzing the criminal backgrounds of
offenders arrested for sex trafficking crimes. Between 2009 and 2015, there were 22
cases of sex trafficking involving 38 traffickers in Rhode Island. Criminal background
records are publicly available in Rhode Island, so the records for each sex trafficker were
retrieved from the Rhode Island Judiciary Criminal Information online database. In
addition, information on previous convictions was extracted from sentencing memoranda
and other court documents available from Rhode Island Superior ...


Identification Of Victims In Cases Of Sex Trafficking - Abstract, Donna M. Hughes Dr. 2016 University of Rhode Island

Identification Of Victims In Cases Of Sex Trafficking - Abstract, Donna M. Hughes Dr.

Donna M. Hughes

Identifying victims of sex trafficking can be challenging for law enforcement. To determine how victims were identified in cases of sex trafficking that resulted in criminal charges, this study analyzed the records from prosecuted cases of sex trafficking to determine how the victims were identified. The analysis used primary documents, including police narratives, witness statements, indictments, plea bargains, and sentencing memoranda retrieved from the Superior Court and the U.S. District Court in Rhode Island. Between 2009 and 2015, there were 22 cases of sex trafficking involving 38 traffickers. In these cases, at least 30 victims were identified. The public ...


Sexual Anomalies And The Law, John R. Cavanagh 2016 St. John's University School of Law

Sexual Anomalies And The Law, John R. Cavanagh

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Virginia Prosecutors’ Response To Two Models Of Pre-Plea Discovery In Criminal Cases: An Empirical Comparison, Michael R. Doucette 2016 Commonwealth's Attorney, City of Lynchburg

Virginia Prosecutors’ Response To Two Models Of Pre-Plea Discovery In Criminal Cases: An Empirical Comparison, Michael R. Doucette

Washington and Lee Law Review Online

No abstract provided.


Recent Decision: Impeachment Of Jury Verdicts, 2016 St. John's University School of Law

Recent Decision: Impeachment Of Jury Verdicts

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Note: Criminal Law And The Problems Of Drug Addiction, 2016 St. John's University School of Law

Note: Criminal Law And The Problems Of Drug Addiction

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Regulating Lolicon: Toward Japanese Compliance With Its International Legal Obligations To Ban Virtual Child Pornography, Cory L. Takeuchi 2016 University of Georgia School of Law

Regulating Lolicon: Toward Japanese Compliance With Its International Legal Obligations To Ban Virtual Child Pornography, Cory L. Takeuchi

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Human Rights Law And Racial Hate Speech Regulation In Australia: Reform And Replace?, Dr. Alan Berman 2016 Charles Darwin University School of Law

Human Rights Law And Racial Hate Speech Regulation In Australia: Reform And Replace?, Dr. Alan Berman

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of The Hypothetical Putative Confession And Negatively-Valenced Yes/No Questions On Maltreated And Non-Maltreated Children's Dislcosure Of A Minor Transgression, Stacia N. Stolzenberg, Kelly McWilliams, Thomas D. Lyon 2016 Arizona State University

The Effects Of The Hypothetical Putative Confession And Negatively-Valenced Yes/No Questions On Maltreated And Non-Maltreated Children's Dislcosure Of A Minor Transgression, Stacia N. Stolzenberg, Kelly Mcwilliams, Thomas D. Lyon

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

This study examined the effects of the hypothetical putative confession (telling children “What if I said that [the suspect] told me everything that happened and he wants you to tell the truth?”) and negatively-valenced yes/no questions varying in their explicitness (“Did [toy] break?” vs. “Did something bad happen to the [toy]?”) on 206 4- to 9-year-old maltreated and non-maltreated children’s reports, half of whom had experienced toy breakage and had been admonished to keep the breakage a secret. The hypothetical putative confession increased the likelihood that children disclosed breakage without increasing false reports. The yes/no questions elicited ...


If George Washington Did It, Does That Make It Constitutional? : History's Lessons For Wartime Military Tribunals, Martin S. Lederman 2016 Georgetown University Law Center

If George Washington Did It, Does That Make It Constitutional? : History's Lessons For Wartime Military Tribunals, Martin S. Lederman

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

Congress has recently authorized military commissions to try individuals for domestic-law offenses—such as providing material support to terrorism, and conspiring to commit law-of-war offenses—in addition to offenses against the international laws of war. Such military tribunals lack the civilian jury and independent judge that Article III of the Constitution guarantees. The constitutionality of such an abrogation of Article III’s criminal-trial guarantees has been debated in many of the Nation’s wars, without clear resolution. The Article III question is now the subject of a potentially landmark case, al Bahlul v. United States, that the Supreme Court may ...


Manning V. State, 132 Nev. Adv. Op. 67 (September 15, 2016), Andrew Clark 2016 Nevada Law Journal

Manning V. State, 132 Nev. Adv. Op. 67 (September 15, 2016), Andrew Clark

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

A request for a jury instruction on a lesser-included offense is sufficient if there is any evidence the defendant can be convicted of the lesser crime. Failure to give such an instruction is reversible error. Further, although NRS 175.161(6) allows district courts to settle jury instructions in chambers, district courts should solicit written copies of proposed jury instructions to ensure a clear record on appeal.


Brief Of Evidence Law Scholars As Amici Curiae In Support Of Petitioner Paul L. Behrens’ Petition For Rehearing And Rehearing En Banc, Paul F. Rothstein 2016 Georgetown University Law Center

Brief Of Evidence Law Scholars As Amici Curiae In Support Of Petitioner Paul L. Behrens’ Petition For Rehearing And Rehearing En Banc, Paul F. Rothstein

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

The panel here held that the government’s expert in a criminal trial can present hearsay for its truth without satisfying the requirements of Rule 703 or the prerequisites to admissibility under any hearsay exception. Amici believe that misreads the Federal Rules of Evidence, undermines the general prohibition on hearsay, and circumvents defendants’ cross-examination rights.


Cultures Of Compliance, Donald C. Langevoort 2016 Georgetown University Law Center

Cultures Of Compliance, Donald C. Langevoort

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

In the last few years especially, law-makers have increasingly invoked culture as something crucial to good compliance. The phrase “culture of compliance” has thus made its way into common legal discourse as describing both a goal and a marker. Precisely they mean by this is contestable, but there is enough evidence that the demand for healthy compliance culture is serious to invite careful thought. What is it, or should it be, and how might we know? This article draws from organizational behavior, behavioral ethics, and financial economics to develop an approach to how and why corporate cultures resist naively appealing ...


Rwu's New 'Rising Tide' Of Educational Opportunity 9-8-2016, Roger Williams University 2016 Roger Williams University

Rwu's New 'Rising Tide' Of Educational Opportunity 9-8-2016, Roger Williams University

School of Law Conferences, Lectures & Events

No abstract provided.


Domestic Relations Problems Of The Catholic Lawyer And Diocesan Procedures, 2016 St. John's University School of Law

Domestic Relations Problems Of The Catholic Lawyer And Diocesan Procedures

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


The Responsibility Of The Mentally Ill For Criminal Offenses, John R. Cavanagh, M.D. 2016 St. John's University School of Law

The Responsibility Of The Mentally Ill For Criminal Offenses, John R. Cavanagh, M.D.

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


A Judge Views The M'Naghten Rule, Peter T. Farrell 2016 St. John's University School of Law

A Judge Views The M'Naghten Rule, Peter T. Farrell

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Proposed Revisions Of The M'Naghten Rule, 2016 St. John's University School of Law

Proposed Revisions Of The M'Naghten Rule

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


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