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The Judge Looked At The Consolidation Of Law And The Rights Of Criminal Policy Approach, ali reza najariyan, Saeed kharadmandi, Ali Asghar Azami, Kheyri Khazayi 2015 student

The Judge Looked At The Consolidation Of Law And The Rights Of Criminal Policy Approach, Ali Reza Najariyan, Saeed Kharadmandi, Ali Asghar Azami, Kheyri Khazayi

ali reza najariyan

Criminal proceedings and the hostility of certain powers and procedures of the judicial system is particularly influenced by the classical justice system but now the interaction criminology in previous "posteriori" of the criminal's policy Legislative broad "Dlmas Marty" in comparison with the policy of criminal narrow "Feuerbach" in criminal purposes has portrayed legislative. the aim of the answers is "Sociality" participatory " de-Ironically " and consequently the " de prison " the criminal justice system although we have focused in this paper on their Muslim criminal policy, criminal policies of the Western model of a plurality of criminal policy in terms of the ...


Driving Into The Unknown: Examining The Crossroads Of Criminal Law And Autonomous Vehicles, Jeffrey K. Gurney 2015 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Driving Into The Unknown: Examining The Crossroads Of Criminal Law And Autonomous Vehicles, Jeffrey K. Gurney

Jeffrey K Gurney

This Article examines the application of criminal law to autonomous vehicles. The Article applies the general purposes of punishment to criminal laws which intersect with autonomous vehicles. These laws include: (1) rules of the road; (2) driving under the influence; (3) reckless driving; (4) vehicular manslaughter; (5) location specific crimes; and (6) physical and virtual interference with a vehicle. This Article provides an overview of how a violation of these criminal laws will be treated under current criminal law, and then it argues that current law should be amended because the current application of criminal and traffic laws to autonomous ...


Executing On An Empty Tank: Protecting The Supply Of Lethal Injection Drugs From Public Records Requests, Ira K. Rushing 2015 Mississippi College School of Law

Executing On An Empty Tank: Protecting The Supply Of Lethal Injection Drugs From Public Records Requests, Ira K. Rushing

Ira K Rushing

With the US Supreme Court holding the death penalty and lethal injection as Constitutional, there has been a new strategy for condemned prisoners. Using public information requests to discover the identities of the suppliers of lethal injection drugs and others in ancillary roles, the media has broad range to publish this information. This has led to many suppliers and compounding pharmacies to withhold supplies of the drugs to states using them in executions.

This paper lays out a history of the death penalty in Mississippi that has gotten us to this point. It then attempts to provide persuasive arguments on ...


Contemporary Uses Of Force Against Terrorism: The United States Response To Achille Lauro-Questions Of Jurisdiction And Its Exercise, Jeffrey A. McCredie 2015 Montgomery County, PA

Contemporary Uses Of Force Against Terrorism: The United States Response To Achille Lauro-Questions Of Jurisdiction And Its Exercise, Jeffrey A. Mccredie

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Availability Of The "Cultural Defense" As An Excuse For Criminal Behavior, Julia P. Sams 2015 University of Georgia School of Law

The Availability Of The "Cultural Defense" As An Excuse For Criminal Behavior, Julia P. Sams

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Knowledge, Recklessness And The Connection Requirement Between Actus Reus And Mens Rea, Alexander F. Sarch 2015 University Southern California

Knowledge, Recklessness And The Connection Requirement Between Actus Reus And Mens Rea, Alexander F. Sarch

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

It is a foundational, but underappreciated principle of criminal liability that being guilty of a crime requires not only possessing the requisite mens rea and actus reus, but also that this mens rea be appropriately connected to the actus reus. That is, the former must concur with or “actuate” the latter. While there has been substantial discussion of the connection requirement as applied to the mens rea of intent, the meaning of this requirement as applied to knowledge and recklessness has received far less attention. In this paper, I consider one of the few sophisticated attempts to spell out the ...


Condoning The Crime: The Elusive Mens Rea For Complicity, Alexander F. Sarch 2015 University Southern California

Condoning The Crime: The Elusive Mens Rea For Complicity, Alexander F. Sarch

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

There is a long history of disagreement about what the mens rea for complicity is. Some courts take it to be the intention that the underlying crime succeed, while others take mere knowledge of the underlying crime to be sufficient. Still others propose that the mens rea for complicity tracks the mens rea of the underlying crime — the so-called “derivative approach.” However, as argued herein, these familiar approaches face difficulties. Accordingly, we have reason to continue our search for the elusive mens rea for complicity. This paper develops a new account of the mens rea for complicity, drawing on an ...


From Wolves, Lambs (Part I): The Eighth Amendment Case For Gradual Abolition Of The Death Penalty, Kevin Barry 2015 University of Florida Levin College of Law

From Wolves, Lambs (Part I): The Eighth Amendment Case For Gradual Abolition Of The Death Penalty, Kevin Barry

Florida Law Review

This spring, the Connecticut Supreme Court will take up a novel question, unprecedented in modern death penalty jurisprudence: Can a state gradually abolish its death penalty? Restated, can it leave the sentences of those currently on death row in place but abolish the death penalty going forward? This Article argues that it can. On simple statutory construction grounds, “prospective-only” repeals of death penalty legislation are not given retroactive effect. Although the constitutional considerations are admittedly less straightforward, prospective-only repeals do not offend the Constitution. The death penalty remains constitutional per se under the Eighth Amendment, and “as-applied” challenges under Atkins ...


Deferred Prosecutions And Corporate Governance: An Integrated Approach To Investigation And Reform, Lawrence A. Cunningham 2015 University of Florida Levin College of Law

Deferred Prosecutions And Corporate Governance: An Integrated Approach To Investigation And Reform, Lawrence A. Cunningham

Florida Law Review

When evaluating how to proceed against a corporate investigative target, law enforcement authorities often ignore the target’s governance arrangements, while subsequently negotiating or imposing governance requirements, especially in deferred prosecution agreements. Ignoring governance structures and processes amid investigation can be hazardous, and implementing improvised reforms afterwards may have severe unintended consequences—particularly when prescribing standardized governance devices. Drawing, in part, on new lessons from three prominent cases—Arthur Andersen, AIG, and Bristol-Myers Squibb—this Article criticizes prevailing discord and urges prosecutors to contemplate corporate governance at the outset and to articulate rationales for prescribed changes. Integrating the role of ...


Confronting The Two Faces Of Corporate Fraud, Miriam H. Baer 2015 University of Florida Levin College of Law

Confronting The Two Faces Of Corporate Fraud, Miriam H. Baer

Florida Law Review

Some criminals engage in meticulous planning. Others commit crimes in the heat of the moment. Corporate fraud incorporates both planned and spur-of-the-moment misconduct. Although law and economics scholars have traditionally viewed corporate fraud as a manifestation of opportunism among the corporation’s agents, a new generation of scholars, influenced by findings in behavioral psychology, has focused on the temporal aspects of corporate misconduct. Wrongdoing comes about, not simply because an agent opportunistically takes advantage of her principal, but also because her short-term self falls prey to temptations and cognitive biases that effectively disable her law-abiding long-term self.

Although the law ...


One Small Problem With Administrative Driver’S License Suspension Laws: They Don’T Reduce Drunken Driving, Steve R. Darnell 2015 University of Nevada - Reno

One Small Problem With Administrative Driver’S License Suspension Laws: They Don’T Reduce Drunken Driving, Steve R. Darnell

Steve R Darnell

Only eight states continue to rely on the judicial system to suspend a drunken driver’s license instead of an administrative process. Federal agencies and special interest groups such as Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) and the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety press for Administrative License Suspension (ALS) laws arguing these laws reduce drunken driving. While some research supports this view, there is an equally and more compelling literature indicating ALS laws are not effective in reducing drunken driving.

This study analyzed data from eight states that have adopted ALS laws to determine if the ALS laws reduced drunken driving ...


Prevention, Not Prejudice: The Role Of Federal Guidelines In Hiv-Criminalization Reform, Sarah J. Newman 2015 Northwestern University School of Law

Prevention, Not Prejudice: The Role Of Federal Guidelines In Hiv-Criminalization Reform, Sarah J. Newman

Northwestern University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Sentencing Pregnant Drug Addicts: Why The Child Endangerment Enhancement Is Not Appropriate, Monica B. Carusello 2015 Florida State University

Sentencing Pregnant Drug Addicts: Why The Child Endangerment Enhancement Is Not Appropriate, Monica B. Carusello

Monica B Carusello

No abstract provided.


Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorder And Mental Illness In Criminal Offenders, Jayme M. Reisler 2015 University of Houston - Main

Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorder And Mental Illness In Criminal Offenders, Jayme M. Reisler

Jayme M Reisler

The high rate of comorbid substance use disorder and other mental illness (“dual diagnosis”) poses an enormous obstacle to public policy and sentencing in criminal cases. It is estimated that almost half of all Federal, State, and jail inmates suffer from dual diagnosis – a significantly higher prevalence than in the general population. Yet such inmates lack access to proper and effective treatments for their conditions. Several etiological theories have been put forth to explain the occurrence of dual diagnosis in general. However, virtually no studies have explored possible etiological reasons for the higher prevalence of dual diagnosis specifically in criminal ...


The Price Of Justice: Interest-Convergence, Cost, And The Anti-Death Penalty Movement, Jolie McLaughlin 2015 Northwestern University School of Law

The Price Of Justice: Interest-Convergence, Cost, And The Anti-Death Penalty Movement, Jolie Mclaughlin

Northwestern University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Mug Shot Disclosure Under Foia: Does Privacy Or Public Interest Prevail?, Kathryn Shephard 2015 Northwestern University School of Law

Mug Shot Disclosure Under Foia: Does Privacy Or Public Interest Prevail?, Kathryn Shephard

Northwestern University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Reclaiming The Equitable Heritage Of Habeas, Erica Hashimoto 2015 Northwestern University School of Law

Reclaiming The Equitable Heritage Of Habeas, Erica Hashimoto

Northwestern University Law Review

No abstract provided.


The American Criminal Code: General Defenses, Paul H. Robinson, Matthew Kussmaul, Camber Stoddard, Ilya Rudyak, Andreas Kuersten 2015 University of Pennsylvania Law School

The American Criminal Code: General Defenses, Paul H. Robinson, Matthew Kussmaul, Camber Stoddard, Ilya Rudyak, Andreas Kuersten

Faculty Scholarship

There are fifty-two bodies of criminal law in the United States. Each stakes out often diverse positions on a range of issues. This article defines the “American rule” for each of the issues relating to general defenses, a first contribution towards creating an “American Criminal Code.”

The article is the result of a several-year research project examining every issue relating to justification, excuse, and non-exculpatory defenses. It determines the majority American position among the fifty-two jurisdictions, and formulates statutory language for each defense that reflects that majority rule. The article also compares and contrasts the majority position to significant minority ...


Reasonable Expectations Of Privacy Settings: Social Media And The Stored Communications Act, Christopher J. Borchert, Fernando M. Pinguelo, David Thaw 2015 Duke Law

Reasonable Expectations Of Privacy Settings: Social Media And The Stored Communications Act, Christopher J. Borchert, Fernando M. Pinguelo, David Thaw

Duke Law & Technology Review

In 1986, Congress passed the Stored Communications Act (“SCA”) to provide additional protections for individuals’ private communications content held in electronic storage by third parties. Acting out of direct concern for the implications of the Third-Party Records Doctrine—a judicially created doctrine that generally eliminates Fourth Amendment protections for information entrusted to third parties—Congress sought to tailor the SCA to electronic communications sent via and stored by third parties. Yet, because Congress crafted the SCA with language specific to the technology of 1986, courts today have struggled to apply the SCA consistently with regard to similar private content sent ...


El Derecho Penal Y La Afectación Al Debido Proceso, Ramiro De Valdivia Cano 2015 Universidad Católica de Santa María

El Derecho Penal Y La Afectación Al Debido Proceso, Ramiro De Valdivia Cano

Ramiro De Valdivia Cano

El Debido Proceso es una garantía de la correcta administración de justicia y una herramienta fundamental del Estado Constitucional de Derecho.

El Derecho Penal debe guardar armonía plena con el Debido Proceso, como lo propone en su obra el Dr. Pedro Puente.


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