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Corporate Conspiracy: How Not Calling A Conspiracy A Conspiracy Is Warping The Law On Corporate Wrongdoing, Josephine Sandler Nelson 2015 SelectedWorks

Corporate Conspiracy: How Not Calling A Conspiracy A Conspiracy Is Warping The Law On Corporate Wrongdoing, Josephine Sandler Nelson

J.S. Nelson

The intracorporate conspiracy doctrine immunizes an enterprise and its agents from conspiracy prosecution based on the legal fiction that an enterprise and its agents are a single actor incapable of the meeting of two minds to form a conspiracy. The doctrine, however, misplaces incentives in contravention of agency law, criminal law, tort law, and public policy. As a result, harmful behavior is ordered and performed without consequences, and the victims of the behavior suffer without appropriate remedy.

Especially in the wake of the financial crisis, prosecutors and the public are searching for new tools to combat corporate conspiracy. The most ...


Unreasonable Doubt: Warren Hill, Aedpa, And The Unconstitutionality Of Georgia's Reasonable Doubt Standard, Adam Lamparello 2015 SelectedWorks

Unreasonable Doubt: Warren Hill, Aedpa, And The Unconstitutionality Of Georgia's Reasonable Doubt Standard, Adam Lamparello

Adam Lamparello

Georgia’s “beyond a reasonable doubt” standard for determining intellectual disability has led to an absurd—and arbitrary—result. A Georgia state court held that defendant Warren Hill was intellectually disabled, yet still sentenced Hill to death. Seven experts—and the court—deemed Hill disabled under a preponderance of the evidence standard. He remains on death row, however, because Georgia’s “preposterous burden of proof” requires that intellectual disability be proved beyond a reasonable doubt, a standard experts have said is nearly impossible to satisfy. It “effectively limits the constitutional right protected in Atkins,” and creates a conditional, not categorical ...


Structural Police Reform, Stephen Rushin 2015 University of Illinois College of Law

Structural Police Reform, Stephen Rushin

Stephen Rushin

No abstract provided.


Use Common Sense Application Of The Law Of General And Specific, saeed -. kheradmandy, ali asghar azamy, Kheiry Khazayi 2015 SelectedWorks

Use Common Sense Application Of The Law Of General And Specific, Saeed -. Kheradmandy, Ali Asghar Azamy, Kheiry Khazayi

ali reza najariyan

One of the topics of discussion in general terms about the principles of jurisprudence and legal general and specific the fruits of a lot of it is applied. When word depending on its context implies gather people and learn all at once, like "everyone" this word calling the general, some people take the common, such as "some scientists" calling the special. Including general and specific traits that may have been the subject of the sentence and circle strive to implement it widely.


The Judge Looked At The Consolidation Of Law And The Rights Of Criminal Policy Approach, Saeed kharadmandi, Ali Asghar Azami, Kheyri Khazayi 2015 SelectedWorks

The Judge Looked At The Consolidation Of Law And The Rights Of Criminal Policy Approach, Saeed Kharadmandi, Ali Asghar Azami, Kheyri Khazayi

ali reza najariyan

Criminal proceedings and the hostility of certain powers and procedures of the judicial system is particularly influenced by the classical justice system but now the interaction criminology in previous "posteriori" of the criminal's policy Legislative broad "Dlmas Marty" in comparison with the policy of criminal narrow "Feuerbach" in criminal purposes has portrayed legislative. the aim of the answers is "Sociality" participatory " de-Ironically " and consequently the " de prison " the criminal justice system although we have focused in this paper on their Muslim criminal policy, criminal policies of the Western model of a plurality of criminal policy in terms of the ...


The Judge Looked At The Consolidation Of Law And The Rights Of Criminal Policy Approach, Saeed kharadmandi, Ali Asghar Azami, Kheyri Khazayi 2015 SelectedWorks

The Judge Looked At The Consolidation Of Law And The Rights Of Criminal Policy Approach, Saeed Kharadmandi, Ali Asghar Azami, Kheyri Khazayi

ali reza najariyan

Criminal proceedings and the hostility of certain powers and procedures of the judicial system is particularly influenced by the classical justice system but now the interaction criminology in previous "posteriori" of the criminal's policy Legislative broad "Dlmas Marty" in comparison with the policy of criminal narrow "Feuerbach" in criminal purposes has portrayed legislative. the aim of the answers is "Sociality" participatory " de-Ironically " and consequently the " de prison " the criminal justice system although we have focused in this paper on their Muslim criminal policy, criminal policies of the Western model of a plurality of criminal policy in terms of the ...


Sex Offender Residency Restrictions Serve No Purpose, Stephen Butts 2014 Golden Gate University School of Law

Sex Offender Residency Restrictions Serve No Purpose, Stephen Butts

GGU Law Review Blog

No abstract provided.


Troubled Waters: Diana Nyad And The Birth Of The Global Rules Of Marathon Swimming, Hadar Aviram 2014 SelectedWorks

Troubled Waters: Diana Nyad And The Birth Of The Global Rules Of Marathon Swimming, Hadar Aviram

Hadar Aviram

On September 3, 2013, Diana Nyad reported having completed a 110-mile swim from Cuba to Florida. The general enthusiasm about her swim was not echoed in the marathon swimming community, whose members expressed doubts about the integrity and honesty of the swim. The community debate that followed gave rise to the creation of the Global Rules of Marathon Swimming, the first effort to regulate the sport. This Article uses the community’s reaction to Nyad’s deviance to examine the role that crime and deviance plays in the creation and modification of legal structures. Relying on Durkheim’s functionalism theory ...


The Future Of Sex Offense Courts: How Expanding Specialized Sex Offense Courts Can Help Reduce Recidivism And Improve Victim Reporting, Catharine Richmond, Melissa Richmond 2014 SelectedWorks

The Future Of Sex Offense Courts: How Expanding Specialized Sex Offense Courts Can Help Reduce Recidivism And Improve Victim Reporting, Catharine Richmond, Melissa Richmond

Catharine Richmond

Specialty sex offense courts are a nascent judicial innovation that seek to improve general public safety through reducing recidivism. Decreased recidivism results from swifter, personalized, experienced, and consistent judicial action that encourages sex offenders to take more responsibility and seek rehabilitative assistance. In these specialized courts, communities of stakeholders work collaboratively to prevent future crime. Although somewhat counterintuitive, specialty courts that offer such intensive and specific attention are often more cost effective and efficient than their traditional counterparts. This Note argues that sex offense courts should be expanded beyond the handful of jurisdictions where they currently exist, not only to ...


The Appropriate Standard Of Proof For Determining Intellectual Disability In Capital Cases: How High Is Too High?, Timothy Saviello 2014 SelectedWorks

The Appropriate Standard Of Proof For Determining Intellectual Disability In Capital Cases: How High Is Too High?, Timothy Saviello

Timothy Saviello

This paper takes a comprehensive look at how intellectual disability is diagnosed and proven in court, and applies the reasoning in the recent Supreme Court decision in Hall v. Florida to the determination of the appropriate standard of proof when capital defendants raise intellectual disability, concluding that preponderance of the evidence is the only standard of proof which adequately protects intellectually disabled capital defendants from unconstitutional execution.

In Atkins v. Virginia the Supreme Court held that the Eighth Amendment’s prohibition of cruel and unusual punishment prevented the execution of a criminal defendant suffering from intellectual disability. Because the Court ...


U.S. Insider Trading Law Enforcement: Survey Of Sec Actions From 2009 To 2013 And Issues, Chien-Chung Lin, Eric Hung 2014 SelectedWorks

U.S. Insider Trading Law Enforcement: Survey Of Sec Actions From 2009 To 2013 And Issues, Chien-Chung Lin, Eric Hung

Chien-Chung Lin

This article discusses the SEC’s insider trading enforcement actions from 2009 to 2013. With an introduction of the current procedures and regulatory tools available, this article provides a thorough survey on the insider trading cases found from SEC’s official website, related databases and litigation releases in the corresponding period and compiles the results in appendices. In doing so, we present a first-hand, detailed picture of insider trading law in the United States and its enforcement. The data also relates to several much debated theoretical issues in this area, including the merit of punishing insider trading activities, the efficacy ...


Federal Programs And The Real Costs Of Policing, Rachel A. Harmon 2014 SelectedWorks

Federal Programs And The Real Costs Of Policing, Rachel A. Harmon

Rachel A. Harmon

Dozens of federal statutes authorize federal agencies to give money and power to local police departments and municipalities in order to improve public safety. While federal programs encourage better coordination of local police efforts and make public safety less financially costly for local communities, they also have a darker side: they encourage harmful policing. Of course, policing often interferes with our interests in autonomy, privacy and property, and those harms are often worthwhile in exchange for security and order. Federal public safety programs, however, are designed, implemented, and evaluated without reference to the non-budgetary costs of policing. When those costs ...


Immigrants Unshackled: The Unconstitutional Use Of Indiscriminate Restraints, Fatma E. Marouf 2014 SelectedWorks

Immigrants Unshackled: The Unconstitutional Use Of Indiscriminate Restraints, Fatma E. Marouf

Fatma E Marouf

This Article challenges the constitutionality of indiscriminately restraining civil immigration detainees during removal proceedings. Not only are immigration detainees routinely placed in handcuffs, leg irons, and belly chains without any individualized determination of the need for restraints, but Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), the prosecuting party, makes the decisions about the use of restraints, rather than the judge. After examining the rationale for the well-established prohibition against the indiscriminate use of restraints during criminal and civil jury trials, and discussing how some courts have extended this rationale to bench trials, this Article contends that ICE’s practice violates substantive and ...


Gay Panic And The Case For Gay Shield Laws, Kelly Strader, Molly Selvin, Lindsey Hay 2014 SelectedWorks

Gay Panic And The Case For Gay Shield Laws, Kelly Strader, Molly Selvin, Lindsey Hay

Kelly Strader

In a highly publicized “gay panic” case, Brandon McInerney shot and killed Larry King in their middle school classroom. King was a self-identified gay student who sometimes wore jewelry and makeup to school and, according to those who knew him, was possibly transgender. Tried as an adult for first-degree murder, McInerney asserted a heat of passion defense based upon King’s alleged sexual advances. The jury deadlocked, with a majority accepting McInerney’s defense.

Drawing largely upon qualitative empirical research, this article uses the Larry King murder case as a prism though which to view the doctrinal, theoretical, and policy ...


The Road Most Travel: Is The Executive’S Growing Preeminence Making America More Like The Authoritarian Regimes It Fights So Hard Against?, Ryan T. Williams 2014 SelectedWorks

The Road Most Travel: Is The Executive’S Growing Preeminence Making America More Like The Authoritarian Regimes It Fights So Hard Against?, Ryan T. Williams

Ryan T. Williams

Since September 11, 2001, the Executive branch of the Unites States government continues to accumulate power beyond which is granted to it under the U.S. Constitution. This Article examines how the Executive wields this additional power through a secret surveillance program, the indefinite detention of terror suspects, and the implementation of a kill list, where Americans and non-Americans alike are targeted and killed without any judicial determination of guilt or innocence. Moreover, Congress and the Judiciary have condoned the Executive’s unconstitutional power accumulation by not only remaining idle and refusing to challenge this taking, but by preventing other ...


Lethal Injection And The Right Of Access: The Intersection Of The Eighth And First Amendments, Timothy F. Brown 2014 San José State University

Lethal Injection And The Right Of Access: The Intersection Of The Eighth And First Amendments, Timothy F. Brown

Timothy Brown

The Spring and Summer of 2014 have witnessed renewed debate on the constitutionality of the death penalty after a series of high profile legal battles concerning access to lethal injection protocols and subsequent questionable executions. Due to shortages in the drugs traditionally used for the lethal injection, States have changed their lethal injection protocols to shield information from both the prisoners and the public. Citing public safety concerns, the States refuse to release information concerning the procurement of the drugs to the public. Such obstruction hinders the public’s ability to determine the cruelty of the punishment imposed and creates ...


Summary Of Brown V. Mcdaniel. 130 Nev. Adv. Op. 60, Allison Vitangeli 2014 University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- William S. Boyd School of Law

Summary Of Brown V. Mcdaniel. 130 Nev. Adv. Op. 60, Allison Vitangeli

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court determined whether the ineffective assistance of post-conviction counsel may constitute good cause under NRS 34.726(1) and NRS 34.810 to allow a noncapital petitioner to file an untimely and successive post-conviction petition for a writ of habeas corpus.


Criminal Liability Of Public Officials For Illicit Enrichment: Comparing Methods Of Proof In Illicit Enrichment Investigations In Indonesia And The U.S., Laras -. Susanti 2014 SelectedWorks

Criminal Liability Of Public Officials For Illicit Enrichment: Comparing Methods Of Proof In Illicit Enrichment Investigations In Indonesia And The U.S., Laras -. Susanti

Laras - Susanti

In recent years, the international community has come to recognize the power of investigating illicit enrichment for uncovering corrupt offenses. The Inter-American Convention Against Corruption (IACAC) and the United Nation Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC) are two international conventions that address the issue of illicit enrichment. Indonesia, as a signatory of the UNCAC, does not criminalize illicit enrichment as the UNCAC recommends, but it does require public officials to submit financial disclosures, which may be used by the Indonesian Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) to strengthen the evidence in corruption prosecutions. This system has not worked, however, because there is no criminal ...


Conditions Of Confinement At Sentencing: The Case Of Seriously Disordered Offenders, E. Lea Johnston 2014 The Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law

Conditions Of Confinement At Sentencing: The Case Of Seriously Disordered Offenders, E. Lea Johnston

Catholic University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Fourth Amendment "Cheeks" And Balances: The Supreme Court's Inconsistent Conclusions And Deference To Law Enforcement Officials In Maryland V. King And Florence V. Board Of Chosen Freeholders Of The County Of Burlington, Diana R. Donahoe 2014 The Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law

Fourth Amendment "Cheeks" And Balances: The Supreme Court's Inconsistent Conclusions And Deference To Law Enforcement Officials In Maryland V. King And Florence V. Board Of Chosen Freeholders Of The County Of Burlington, Diana R. Donahoe

Catholic University Law Review

No abstract provided.


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