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Zinā In The Criminal Legislation Act (1999-2000): An Evaluation Of The Implication For Muslim Women's Right In Nigeria, Paul Orerhime Akpomie 2022 The American University in Cairo AUC

Zinā In The Criminal Legislation Act (1999-2000): An Evaluation Of The Implication For Muslim Women's Right In Nigeria, Paul Orerhime Akpomie

Theses and Dissertations

The research engages in an exploration of human rights in Islam. Human rights issues are then contrasted with international law positions. The data gotten is then used for investigating women’s human rights issues in Shariʾa penal tradition regarding zinā (adultery) in Nigeria. The re-emergence of Sharia penal codes adopted by 12 Northern states in Nigeria in 1999 as an operative Islamic law has sparked concerns about rulings amounting to stoning to death in several cases of zinā. These events raised concerns about Shariʾa penal traditions’ legality and relationship with other legal traditions operational in Nigeria, a secular political space ...


Analyzing The Implications Of The Supreme Court's Application Of The Canons Of Construction In Recent Federal Indian Law Cases, Meredith Harris J.D. 2022 Seattle University School of Law

Analyzing The Implications Of The Supreme Court's Application Of The Canons Of Construction In Recent Federal Indian Law Cases, Meredith Harris J.D.

American Indian Law Journal

Federal Indian law in the United States has historically relied on application of the Indian Canons of Construction (“Canons”). The courts have relied on these principles since 1832. However, their application has not been consistent. Indeed, the Canons are discretionary which has led to judicial avoidance. Yet, recent Supreme Court opinions demonstrate a resurgence of the Canons and a trend towards a textualist approach, both of which involve greater deference to tribal understandings. Ultimately, the opinions in United States v. Washington, Washington State Dept. of Licensing v. Cougar Den, Herrera v. Wyoming, and McGirt v. Oklahoma, indicate the Supreme Court ...


The Importance Of Abolition Of The Carceral State For Native Survivors, Christina M. Schnalzer 2022 Seattle University School of Law

The Importance Of Abolition Of The Carceral State For Native Survivors, Christina M. Schnalzer

American Indian Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Texas Disenfranchisement Of Felons, Michelle Baker 2022 Collin College

Texas Disenfranchisement Of Felons, Michelle Baker

Quest

Policy Research Project

Research in progress for GOVT 2306: Honors Texas Government

Faculty Mentor: Tiffany Cartwright, Ph.D.

Michelle Baker wrote the following research paper as an assignment for my online GOVT 2306: Honors Texas Government class during the Fall 2020 semester. The class assignment helps students begin to formulate a classic policy paper, in which alternative policy options are discussed and analyzed, ultimately leading to a preferred policy option. Students submitted just a few paragraphs of the paper at a time over the course of the fall semester before finally pulling everything together in one cohesive research paper. As ...


Tech And Authoritarianism: How The People’S Republic Of China Is Using Data To Control Hong Kong And Why The U.S. Is Vulnerable, Bryce Neary 2022 Seattle University School of Law

Tech And Authoritarianism: How The People’S Republic Of China Is Using Data To Control Hong Kong And Why The U.S. Is Vulnerable, Bryce Neary

Seattle Journal of Technology, Environmental & Innovation Law

The aim of this article is to analyze and compare current events in the People's Republic of China and the United States to discuss the moral dilemmas that arise when establishing the boundary between national security interests and individual privacy rights. As we continue to intertwine our lives with technology, it has become increasingly important to establish clear privacy rights. The question then becomes: at what point should individuals sacrifice their rights for what the government considers the "greater good" of the country?

Further, this article analyzes the development of U.S. privacy law and its relationship to national ...


How To Get Away With Murder: When A White Male Police Officer Kills A Young Black Person, Mitchell F. Crusto 2022 Loyola University New Orleans College of Law

How To Get Away With Murder: When A White Male Police Officer Kills A Young Black Person, Mitchell F. Crusto

Washington and Lee Law Review Online

Systemic racism in policing allows police officers, in particular white men, to continue to perpetuate the violent killings of Black people. This violence is not accidental. Rather it is intentional and allowed to continue due to a failure by the Supreme Court to hold police officers accountable. This Article explains how the doctrines of qualified immunity, willful intent, and objective reasonableness, as condoned by the Court, allow police officers to “get away with murder.”


Remodelling Criminal Insanity: Exploring Philosophical, Legal, And Medical Premises Of The Medical Model Used In Norwegian Law, Linda Gröning, Unn K. Haukvik, Stephen J. Morse, Susanna Radovic 2022 University of Bergen

Remodelling Criminal Insanity: Exploring Philosophical, Legal, And Medical Premises Of The Medical Model Used In Norwegian Law, Linda Gröning, Unn K. Haukvik, Stephen J. Morse, Susanna Radovic

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This paper clarifies the conceptual space of discussion of legal insanity by considering the virtues of the ‘medical model’ model that has been used in Norway for almost a century. The medical model identifies insanity exclusively with mental disorder, and especially with psychosis, without any requirement that the disorder causally influenced the commission of the crime. We explore the medical model from a transdisciplinary perspective and show how it can be utilised to systematise and reconsider the central philosophical, legal and medical premises involved in the insanity debate. A key concern is how recent transdiagnostic and dimensional approaches to psychosis ...


Forced Prison Labor: Punishment For A Crime?, Wafa Junaid 2022 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

Forced Prison Labor: Punishment For A Crime?, Wafa Junaid

Northwestern University Law Review

The Thirteenth Amendment’s prohibition of involuntary servitude carves out an exception to its protections that allows the use of forced labor as “punishment for a crime” when an individual is “duly convicted.” Courts have interpreted this language as placing a categorical bar on Thirteenth Amendment claims alleged by individuals who are incarcerated. Yet, a consistent understanding of the term “punishment” that draws from the term’s use in the Eighth Amendment’s Cruel and Unusual Punishment Clause supports a narrower interpretation of the Thirteenth Amendment’s punishment exception. This Note argues that individuals cannot be denied Thirteenth Amendment protections ...


Digital Evidence In Appeals Of Criminal Cases Before The U.S. Courts Of Appeal: A Review Of Decisions And Examination Of The Legal Landscape From 2016 – 2020, Martin Novak 2022 National Institute of Justice

Digital Evidence In Appeals Of Criminal Cases Before The U.S. Courts Of Appeal: A Review Of Decisions And Examination Of The Legal Landscape From 2016 – 2020, Martin Novak

Journal of Digital Forensics, Security and Law

This study is a follow-up to Digital Evidence in Criminal Cases before the U.S. Courts of Appeal: Trends and Issues for Consideration – 2010 to 2015. The current study examines appeals of criminal cases before the United States Courts of Appeal from January 2016 through August 2020, where one or more appeal claims were related to digital evidence. The purpose of this research was to determine if the legal landscape has changed since 2015; examine the most relevant legal issues related to digital evidence; and analyze how precedential cases may have affected digital forensics as evidence.


Criminal Confrontation Of Encrypted Digital Currencies And Artificial Intelligence Crimes Analytical Study In Egyptian And Comparative Legislation, Dr Ramy Metwally El-Kady 2022 Head of the Criminal Law Department at the Police College and Associate Professor, Arab Republic of Egypt

Criminal Confrontation Of Encrypted Digital Currencies And Artificial Intelligence Crimes Analytical Study In Egyptian And Comparative Legislation, Dr Ramy Metwally El-Kady

Journal Sharia and Law

The world is on the cusp of a fourth industrial revolution, which is a tsunami of technological progress that will change the details of human life, through its dependence on the Internet of Things, Blockchain and artificial intelligence applications. Criminal law, legislators and criminal justice agencies do not seem isolated from these developments, and the research aims to shed light on the fourth industrial revolution and its new tools, address blockchain technology and its link to virtual currencies and their misuse, shed light on the rules of responsibility resulting from the use of artificial intelligence applications, and shed light on ...


White Collar Crime Between Law And Reality, Alissar Farhat, Saed Yakan 2022 Jinan University

White Collar Crime Between Law And Reality, Alissar Farhat, Saed Yakan

Al Jinan الجنان

White collars crimes are considered one of the most serious dilemmas facing the modern world, due to the emergence of many criminal organizations and the expansion of their illegal activity as a result of the development of means of transportation, communication and information technology. Therefore, this made it easier for these organizations to exploit this development to their advantage, making it difficult for individual countries to fight this type of organized crime, which led to the need of international cooperation in combatting them. These crimes are increasing by number every day and are no longer occurring in developing countries only ...


Personalized Smart Guns: A Futuristic Dream Or A Pragmatic Solution?, Andres Paciuc 2022 Duke Law

Personalized Smart Guns: A Futuristic Dream Or A Pragmatic Solution?, Andres Paciuc

Duke Law & Technology Review

No abstract provided.


Improvement Of Departmental Control Of Competent Authorities In The Field Of Juveniles, As An Important Factor In Increasing The Efficiency Of Prosecutorial Supervision Of Execution Of The Laws In This Area, Ibragimov Diyorbek Shuxrat o’g’li 2022 Academy of the General Prosecution office

Improvement Of Departmental Control Of Competent Authorities In The Field Of Juveniles, As An Important Factor In Increasing The Efficiency Of Prosecutorial Supervision Of Execution Of The Laws In This Area, Ibragimov Diyorbek Shuxrat O’G’Li

ProAcademy

The article provides a comprehensive critical analysis of the activities of the competent authorities to ensure the rights and legitimate interests of juveniles in our country. Also, by using practical examples, it was identified problems and shortcomings of departmental control activities of these responsible bodies. In addition, it theoretically analyzes the similarities and differences between “departmental supervision” and “prosecutorial supervision” in the field of juveniles. At the same time, cases of violations of the law, which are allowed by the competent authorities in this area, revealed in the course of inspections carried out by the prosecutor's offices, are described ...


Gang Databases: Race And The Constitutional Failures Of Contemporary Gang Policing In New York City, Jasmine Johnson 2022 St. John's University School of Law

Gang Databases: Race And The Constitutional Failures Of Contemporary Gang Policing In New York City, Jasmine Johnson

St. John's Law Review

(Excerpt)

Similar to many jurisdictions throughout the United States, the New York City Police Department (“NYPD”) has a gang database—a criminal intelligence system utilized by the NYPD to keep track of alleged “gang members” in New York City. And similar to many jurisdictions throughout the United States, the NYPD’s gang database has been severely criticized. Opponents of the gang database accuse the NYPD of using it as a tool for racial profiling, mass incarceration, and mass criminalization of Black and Brown young men in New York City. Opponents of the database also take issue with the NYPD’s ...


Extraordinary (Circumstances) Injustice, Melissa Capalbo 2022 St. John's University School of Law

Extraordinary (Circumstances) Injustice, Melissa Capalbo

St. John's Law Review

(Excerpt)

The box . . . . It’s a small room, so you really don’t move
around a lot. You wake up, and there’s a toilet right next to
your head. You look out the window and you see birds fly-
ing, and that only leads your mind into wanting freedom
more. And since it’s a small room, it makes you think cra-
zy. . . .Right now, I’m five-foot-seven. I grew. I came here
when I was five feet tall.

This is Rikers Island. The 19-year-old boy who shared his story is certainly not alone. Thousands of youth from throughout ...


Sexual Exploitation And The Adultified Black Girl, Mikah K. Thompson 2022 St. John's University School of Law

Sexual Exploitation And The Adultified Black Girl, Mikah K. Thompson

St. John's Law Review

(Excerpt)

Blue Ivy Carter, daughter of entertainers Sean “Jay Z” Carter and Beyoncé Knowles Carter, celebrated her eighth birthday in January of 2020. To commemorate the occasion, Blue’s grandfather, Matthew Knowles, posted a picture of Blue on Instagram. Fans and journalists alike marveled that Blue looked so much like her famous mother, and many noted that she looked much older in the photograph. E! News tweeted Blue’s picture along with a question: “Can someone please explain to us when Blue Ivy became an adult?” The post went viral, and many people criticized E! News for referring to eight-year-old ...


Resolving The Anders Dilemmas: How & Why Texas Should Abandon The Anders Procedure, Michael J. Ritter 2022 St. Mary's University

Resolving The Anders Dilemmas: How & Why Texas Should Abandon The Anders Procedure, Michael J. Ritter

St. Mary's Journal on Legal Malpractice & Ethics

When an indigent defendant has a right to counsel for an appeal, and counsel believes the appeal is wholly frivolous, Texas has adopted the Anders v. California procedure that permits counsel to withdraw from representation and argue to the appellate court why their client’s appeal is wholly frivolous. This Article argues that, either by a change to the disciplinary rules or by judicial decision, Texas should abandon the Anders procedure as other states have. Doing so will promote the integrity of the right to counsel, avoid numerous conflicts and dilemmas created by the Anders procedure, and advance judicial efficiency ...


Anonymous Expression And "Unmasking" In Civil And Criminal Proceedings, Leeza Arbatman, John Villasenor 2022 University of Minnesota Law School

Anonymous Expression And "Unmasking" In Civil And Criminal Proceedings, Leeza Arbatman, John Villasenor

Minnesota Journal of Law, Science & Technology

No abstract provided.


Cannibalizing The Constitution: On Terrorism, The Second Amendment, And The Threat To Civil Liberties, Francesca LaGuardia 2022 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

Cannibalizing The Constitution: On Terrorism, The Second Amendment, And The Threat To Civil Liberties, Francesca Laguardia

JCLC Online

This article explores the links between internet radicalization, access to weapons, and the current threat from terrorists who have been radicalized online. The prevalence of domestic terrorism, domestic hate groups, and online incitement and radicalization have led to considerable focus on the tension between counterterror efforts and the First Amendment. Many scholars recommend rethinking the extent of First Amendment protection, as well as Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth Amendment protections, and some judges appear to be listening. Yet the Second Amendment has avoided this consideration, despite the fact that easy access to weapons is a necessary ingredient for the level of ...


Felon Disenfranchisement: What Federal Courts Got Wrong And How State Courts Can Address It, Lindsay Dreyer 2022 Mitchell Hamline School of Law

Felon Disenfranchisement: What Federal Courts Got Wrong And How State Courts Can Address It, Lindsay Dreyer

Mitchell Hamline Law Review

No abstract provided.


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