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Gambling On Our Financial Future: How The Federal Government Fiddles While State Common Law Is A Safer Bet To Prevent Another Financial Collapse, Brian M. McCall 2015 University of Oklahoma College of Law

Gambling On Our Financial Future: How The Federal Government Fiddles While State Common Law Is A Safer Bet To Prevent Another Financial Collapse, Brian M. Mccall

Brian M McCall

Many politicians and commentators agree that credit default swaps (CDS) played a significant role in the financial crisis of 2008. Yet, few who observe this role are aware that CDS were set loose on the economy by the federal pre-emption of thousands of years of public policy. Since the time of Aristotle law, philosophy and public policy have been hostile to gambling. Viewed as a socially unproductive zero sum wealth transfer, the law has generally refused to permit parties to use the courts to enforce wagers. Courts and legislatures worked in harmony to control and in some cases punish financial ...


The Challenge Of Co-Religionist Commerce, Michael A. Helfand, Barak D. Richman 2015 Duke Law

The Challenge Of Co-Religionist Commerce, Michael A. Helfand, Barak D. Richman

Faculty Scholarship

This Article addresses the rise of “co-religionist commerce” in the United States — that is, the explosion of commercial dealings that take place between co-religionists who intend their transactions to achieve both commercial and religious objectives. To remain viable, co-religionist commerce requires all the legal support necessary to sustain all other commercial relationships. Contracts must be enforced, parties must be protected against torts, and disputes must be reliably adjudicated.

Under current constitutional doctrine, co-religionist commercial agreements must be translated into secular terminology if there are to be judicially enforced. However, religious goods and services often cannot be accurately translated without religious ...


Book Review: Commentary On The International Sales Law. The 1980 Vienna Sales Convention. C.M. Bianca And M.J. Bonell Et Al. Milan, Italy: Guiffre 1987. Pp. 678 Plus Appendices And Index., Joseph J. Darby 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Book Review: Commentary On The International Sales Law. The 1980 Vienna Sales Convention. C.M. Bianca And M.J. Bonell Et Al. Milan, Italy: Guiffre 1987. Pp. 678 Plus Appendices And Index., Joseph J. Darby

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Omnibus Trade And Competitiveness Act Of 1988: Putting The Brakes On Foreign Investment, Christopher J. Foreman 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Omnibus Trade And Competitiveness Act Of 1988: Putting The Brakes On Foreign Investment, Christopher J. Foreman

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Commercial Letters Of Confirmation In International Trade: Austrian, French, German And Swiss Law And Uniform Law Under The 1980 Sales Convention, Michael Esser 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Commercial Letters Of Confirmation In International Trade: Austrian, French, German And Swiss Law And Uniform Law Under The 1980 Sales Convention, Michael Esser

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


British And European Community Regulation Of The British Beer Market: Tapping Into The Tied-House System (Cheers!), David A. Everreste 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

British And European Community Regulation Of The British Beer Market: Tapping Into The Tied-House System (Cheers!), David A. Everreste

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Class Actions Suits Vs. Arbitration Clause (Mexico), Jorge E. De Hoyos Walther 2014 SelectedWorks

Class Actions Suits Vs. Arbitration Clause (Mexico), Jorge E. De Hoyos Walther

Jorge E De Hoyos Walther

On September 24, 2014, the Mexican Supreme Court (SCJN) issued a landmark decision in the world of arbitration and class action suits. In summary, SCJN upheld that it is possible to file a class action suit, even though an arbitration clause is included in the agreement that governs the business relationship


Activist Compensation Of Board Nominees & The Middle Ground Response, Adam Prestidge 2014 SelectedWorks

Activist Compensation Of Board Nominees & The Middle Ground Response, Adam Prestidge

Adam Prestidge

Shareholder activism has taken an increasingly high-profile and polarizing role in investing and corporate governance. Moves by shareholder activists, and the policy behind those moves, constantly appear in corporate headlines. One of shareholder activists’ primary methods of enacting changes in companies is to nominate directors to the board, and often those director nominees are highly-compensated by the shareholder activist itself. Some in the corporate world oppose this practice, arguing that it creates a significant conflict of interest and can damage the company in the short term, while others argue that the practice is a necessary tool for investors that may ...


Enforcement Of Noncompete Agreements: Protecting The Public Interest Through An Entrepreneurial Approach, Griffin Toronjo Pivateau 2014 SelectedWorks

Enforcement Of Noncompete Agreements: Protecting The Public Interest Through An Entrepreneurial Approach, Griffin Toronjo Pivateau

Griffin Toronjo Pivateau

Enforcement of Noncompete Agreements: Protecting the Public Interest Through an Entrepreneurial Approach

The enforcement of noncompete agreements is variable, differing between courts, between states, and between contexts. Analysis of a noncompete agreement tends not only to be fact-dependent, but location-dependent as well. Some states enforce virtually all noncompete agreements; other states refuse to enforce any noncompete agreements. Courts determine reasonableness without regard to the terms of the agreement. A noncompete agreement is a unique type of contract, as the normal contract standard of mutual agreement supported by consideration falls to the wayside. Instead, reasonableness becomes the key to enforceability.

To ...


Who Sits On Texas Corporate Boards? Texas Corporate Directors: Who They Are & What They Do, Lawrence J. Trautman 2014 SelectedWorks

Who Sits On Texas Corporate Boards? Texas Corporate Directors: Who They Are & What They Do, Lawrence J. Trautman

Lawrence J. Trautman Sr.

Corporate directors play an important role in governing American business, in the capital formation process, and are fundamental to the stewardship of economic growth. Texas businesses play a disproportionately important role among the states in aggregate U.S. job creation, responsible for 37% of all net new American jobs since the post 2008-2009 recovery began. It is the job of the board of directors to govern the corporation. The duties and responsibilities of a corporate director include: the duty of care; duty of loyalty; and duty of good faith. This paper results from the author’s previously assembled biographical data ...


Demand Promissory Notes And Commercial Loans: Balancing Freedom Of Contract & Good Faith, george A. Nation III 2014 SelectedWorks

Demand Promissory Notes And Commercial Loans: Balancing Freedom Of Contract & Good Faith, George A. Nation Iii

George A Nation III

Promissory notes are ubiquitous in commercial lending. The promissory note represents the borrowers promise to repay and is governed by the Uniform Commercial Code’s Article 3. Under Article 3, promissory notes are either demand instruments or time instruments. In general, the holder of a demand instrument may decide to demand payment at any time and for any reason, while the holder of a time note must wait for payment until the arrival of the specific repayment date or dates included in the note. For this reason, time notes usually contain an acceleration clause. An acceleration clause allows the holder ...


"Whimsy Little Contracts" With Unexpected Consequences: An Empirical Analysis Of Consumer Understanding Of Arbitration Agreements, Jeff Sovern, Elayne E. Greenberg, Paul F. Kirgis, Yuxiang Liu 2014 St. John's University School of Law

"Whimsy Little Contracts" With Unexpected Consequences: An Empirical Analysis Of Consumer Understanding Of Arbitration Agreements, Jeff Sovern, Elayne E. Greenberg, Paul F. Kirgis, Yuxiang Liu

Working Papers

Arbitration clauses have become ubiquitous in consumer contracts. These arbitration clauses require consumers to waive the constitutional right to a civil jury, access to court, and, increasingly, the procedural remedy of class representation. Because those rights cannot be divested without consent, the validity of arbitration agreements rests on the premise of consent. Consumers who do not want to arbitrate or waive their class rights can simply decline to purchase the products or services covered by an arbitration agreement. But the premise of consent is undermined if consumers do not understand the effect on their procedural rights of clicking a box ...


Empirical Analysis Of Legal Theory, Geoffrey P. Miller 2014 NELLCO

Empirical Analysis Of Legal Theory, Geoffrey P. Miller

New York University Law and Economics Working Papers

Empirical analysis of dispute resolution terms in commercial contracts provides information about theoretical issues in contract law. These clauses are adopted at a time when the parties share an interest in maximizing the value of the contract. The analyst can examine the pattern of contracting behavior and infer that the choices made by sophisticated parties will tend to represent efficient arrangements.


Even More Than You Wanted To Know About The Failures Of Disclosure, Florencia Marotta-Wurgler 2014 NELLCO

Even More Than You Wanted To Know About The Failures Of Disclosure, Florencia Marotta-Wurgler

New York University Law and Economics Working Papers

Nobody reads fine print—even when it matters. The most common regulatory approach to attenuate the (perceived) problem of non-readership has long been mandatory disclosure. Despite it’s theoretical appeal, disclosure has not been found to be fully effective in practice. In More Than You Wanted to Know: The Failure of Mandated Disclosure, Omri Ben-Shahar and Carl Schneider offer the first systematic critique of disclosure regulation in all of its forms, including the latest innovations. This essay reviews the book by focusing on two points. First, it offers fresh evidence on the failure of mandated disclosure by looking at changes ...


Reconsidering Corporate Tax Privacy, Joshua D. Blank 2014 NELLCO

Reconsidering Corporate Tax Privacy, Joshua D. Blank

New York University Law and Economics Working Papers

For over a century, politicians, government officials and scholars in the United States have debated whether corporate tax returns, which are currently subject to broad tax privacy protections, should be publicly accessible. The ongoing global discussion of base erosion and profit shifting by multinational corporations has generated calls for greater tax transparency. Throughout this debate, participants have focused exclusively on the potential reactions of a corporation’s managers, shareholders and consumers to a corporation’s disclosure of its own tax return information. There is, however, another perspective: how would the ability of a corporation’s stakeholders and agents to observe ...


Teoría General De Los Signos Distintivos, Juan Carlos Riofrío Martínez-Villalba 2014 Latin American and Caribbean Law and Economics Association

Teoría General De Los Signos Distintivos, Juan Carlos Riofrío Martínez-Villalba

Juan Carlos Riofrío Martínez-Villalba

La presente investigación delinea de forma sistemática una teoría general para todo género de signos distintivos. Para este propósito se vale de las investigaciones parciales que la propiedad industrial y otras ramas del derecho han realizado de algunos signos distintivos particulares, como las marcas, las indicaciones geográficas, los sellos de calidad, los nombres de pila, los nombres comerciales, entre otros. Se usa un método inductivo que recoge leyes, jurisprudencia y doctrina de varios lugares del mundo. En cuanto a la estructura, luego de una introducción, se determinar cuál es el conjunto de los signos distintivos que será el universo a ...


The Criminal Practitioner's Guide To Understanding The New York Securities Laws And Penal Law Scheme To Defraud, John C. Henry 2014 SelectedWorks

The Criminal Practitioner's Guide To Understanding The New York Securities Laws And Penal Law Scheme To Defraud, John C. Henry

John C. Henry

No abstract provided.


When The Commerce Clause Goes International: A Proposed Legal Framework For The Foreign Commerce Clause, Naomi Harlin Goodno 2014 University of Florida Levin College of Law

When The Commerce Clause Goes International: A Proposed Legal Framework For The Foreign Commerce Clause, Naomi Harlin Goodno

Florida Law Review

The world is becoming a smaller place. Technology and the Internet have made global travel and communication easier, quicker, and more common. Novel legal issues arise every day to deal with this modern interconnected world. How does the law address these new problems?

Congress is allowed “[t]o regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes.” The scope of Congress’s power to regulate commerce “among the several States” (the “Interstate Commerce Clause”) has long been debated. In the modern world of global interaction, Congress’s power to regulate commerce “with foreign Nations ...


The New Professional Plaintiffs In Shareholder Litigation, Jessica Erickson 2014 University of Florida Levin College of Law

The New Professional Plaintiffs In Shareholder Litigation, Jessica Erickson

Florida Law Review

In 1995, Congress solved the problem of professional plaintiffs in shareholder litigation—or so it thought. The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act (PSLRA) was designed to end the influence of shareholder plaintiffs who had little or no connection to the underlying suit. Yet it may have failed to accomplish its goal. In the wake of the PSLRA, many professional plaintiffs simply moved into other types of corporate lawsuits. In shareholder derivative suits and acquisition class actions across the country, professional plaintiffs are back. They are repeat filers involved in dozens of lawsuits. They are the attorneys’ spouses, parents, and children ...


The Growth Triangle Of Singapore, Malaysia And Indonesia, Terence P. Stewart, Margaret L.H. Png 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

The Growth Triangle Of Singapore, Malaysia And Indonesia, Terence P. Stewart, Margaret L.H. Png

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


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