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Deepfakes: False Pornography Is Here And The Law Cannot Protect You, Douglas Harris 2019 Duke Law

Deepfakes: False Pornography Is Here And The Law Cannot Protect You, Douglas Harris

Duke Law & Technology Review

It is now possible for anyone with rudimentary computer skills to create a pornographic deepfake portraying an individual engaging in a sex act that never actually occurred. These realistic videos, called “deepfakes,” use artificial intelligence software to impose a person’s face onto another person’s body. While pornographic deepfakes were first created to produce videos of celebrities, they are now being generated to feature other nonconsenting individuals—like a friend or a classmate. This Article argues that several tort doctrines and recent non-consensual pornography laws are unable to handle published deepfakes of non-celebrities. Instead, a federal criminal statute prohibiting ...


Freedom To Hack, Ido Kilovaty 2019 University of Tulsa College of Law

Freedom To Hack, Ido Kilovaty

Articles, Chapters in Books and Other Contributions to Scholarly Works

Swaths of personal and nonpersonal information collected online about internet users are increasingly being used in sophisticated ways to manipulate them based on that information. This represents a new trend in the exploitation of data, where instead of pursuing direct financial gain based on the face value of the data, actors are seeking to engage in data analytics using advanced artificial intelligence technologies that would allow them to more easily access individuals’ cognition and future behavior. Although in recent years the concept of online manipulation has received some academic and policy attention, the desirable relationship between the data-breach law and ...


Table Of Contents, 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Table Of Contents

Journal of Digital Forensics, Security and Law

No abstract provided.


Paul Baran, Network Theory, And The Past, Present, And Future Of Internet, Christopher S. Yoo 2018 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Paul Baran, Network Theory, And The Past, Present, And Future Of Internet, Christopher S. Yoo

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Paul Baran’s seminal 1964 article “On Distributed Communications Networks” that first proposed packet switching also advanced an underappreciated vision of network architecture: a lattice-like, distributed network, in which each node of the Internet would be homogeneous and equal in status to all other nodes. Scholars who have subsequently embraced the concept of a lattice-like network approach have largely overlooked the extent to which it is both inconsistent with network theory (associated with the work of Duncan Watts and Albert-László Barabási), which emphasizes the importance of short cuts and hubs in enabling networks to scale, and the actual way, the ...


The Future Of Freedom Of Expression Online, Evelen Mary Aswad 2018 Duke Law

The Future Of Freedom Of Expression Online, Evelen Mary Aswad

Duke Law & Technology Review

Should social media companies ban Holocaust denial from their platforms? What about conspiracy theorists that spew hate? Does good corporate citizenship mean platforms should remove offensive speech or tolerate it? The content moderation rules that companies develop to govern speech on their platforms will have significant implications for the future of freedom of expression. Given that the prospects for compelling platforms to respect users’ free speech rights are bleak within the U.S. system, what can be done to protect this important right? In June 2018, the United Nations’ top expert for freedom of expression called on companies to align ...


Revolution In Crime: How Cryptocurrencies Have Changed The Criminal Landscape, Igor Groysman 2018 City University of New York (CUNY)

Revolution In Crime: How Cryptocurrencies Have Changed The Criminal Landscape, Igor Groysman

Student Theses

This thesis will examine the ways in which various cryptocurrencies have impacted certain traditional crimes. While crime is always evolving with technology, cryptocurrencies are a game changer in that they provide anonymous and decentralized payment systems which, while they can be tracked in a reactive sense via the blockchain, are seen by criminals as having better uses for them than traditional fiat currencies, such as the ability to send money relatively fast to another party without going through an intermediary, or the ability to obscure the origin of the money for money laundering purposes. Every week there are new cryptocurrencies ...


Head In The Clouds, Head In The Sand: Federal Failure To Update Guidance On Computer Transaction In An International Context, Logan S. Weaver 2018 University of Washington School of Law

Head In The Clouds, Head In The Sand: Federal Failure To Update Guidance On Computer Transaction In An International Context, Logan S. Weaver

Washington Law Review

The United States has two different rationales for taxing income of non-U.S. persons and entities. First, the income may be “sourced” to the United States, as defined in the Internal Revenue Code. Alternatively, the income may be effectively connected to a trade or business within the United States that provides income to the non-U.S. person or entity. The sourcing rules for income of non-U.S. persons and entities depend heavily on the nature of the underlying transaction and the geographical location where certain key elements of the transaction take place. So long as the non-U.S. person or ...


The Error Theory Of Contract, Matthew A. Seligman 2018 University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law

The Error Theory Of Contract, Matthew A. Seligman

Maryland Law Review

Many people have false beliefs about contract doctrine. That pervasive phenomenon has profound practical, theoretical, and normative implications that neither courts nor scholars have recognized. This Article will make three contributions to fill that gap. First, it will establish just how widespread the phenomenon is among non-lawyers. After synthesizing the existing evidence of false beliefs about contract law, it will contribute a new empirical study showing that between one-third and one-half of people falsely believe specific performance rather than damages is the remedy for breach.

The Article will then argue that people’s false beliefs about contract doctrine pose a ...


How To Sue A Robot, Roger Michalski 2018 SJ Quinney College of Law, University of Utah

How To Sue A Robot, Roger Michalski

Utah Law Review

We are entering the age of robots where autonomous robots will drive our cars, milk cows, drill for oil, invest in stock, mine coal, build houses, pick strawberries, and work as surgeons. Robots, in mimicking the work of humans, will also mimic their legal liability. But how do you sue a robot? The current answer is that you cannot. Robots are property. They are not entities with a legal status that would make them amendable to sue or be sued. If a robot causes harm, you have to sue its owner. Corporations used to be like this for many procedural ...


Applying Tort Law To Fabricated Digital Content, Michael Scott Henderson 2018 SJ Quinney College of Law, University of Utah

Applying Tort Law To Fabricated Digital Content, Michael Scott Henderson

Utah Law Review

Advances in computer technologies have led to the development of new tools to edit and disseminate digital media. Some of these new tools allow users to fabricate digital media by editing video and audio recordings of individuals to make it appear as if they are saying or doing things they have not actually said or done. The rise of these new technologies will lead to litigation by individuals who are harmed by the misuse of fabricated digital media. These individuals will be able to rely on several common law torts—such as defamation, misappropriation, false light, and intentional infliction of ...


Dialing It Back: Why Courts Should Rethink Students’ Privacy And Speech Rights As Cell Phone Communications Erode The ‘Schoolhouse Gate’, Nicholas J. McGuire 2018 Duke Law

Dialing It Back: Why Courts Should Rethink Students’ Privacy And Speech Rights As Cell Phone Communications Erode The ‘Schoolhouse Gate’, Nicholas J. Mcguire

Duke Law & Technology Review

The ubiquity of cell phones in today’s society has forced courts to change or dismiss established, but inapplicable analytical frameworks. Two such frameworks in the school setting are regulations of student speech and of student searches. This Article traces the constitutional jurisprudence of both First Amendment off-campus speech protection and Fourth Amendment search standards as applied to the school setting. It then analyzes how the Supreme Court’s ruling in Riley v. California complicates both areas. Finally, it proposes a pragmatic solution: by recognizing a categorical First Amendment exception for “substantial threats” against the school community, courts could accommodate ...


Dean's Desk: Iu Maurer Programs Supporting Careers In Cybersecurity, Austen L. Parrish 2018 Indiana University Maurer School of Law

Dean's Desk: Iu Maurer Programs Supporting Careers In Cybersecurity, Austen L. Parrish

Austen Parrish (2014-)

A recent Bureau of Labor Statistics report estimated a near 30 percent growth in coming years for information security professionals, far outpacing most other job types. While Indiana University has long recognized the importance of data security and privacy, multiple new initiatives are ensuring that the next generation of chief information security officers, systems analysts, privacy professionals and others will come from our law school.

One of the ways the law school is leading the way is through the university’s new master of science in cybersecurity risk management. That degree program combines the resources of three of IU’s ...


Enhancement Of Media Splicing Detection: A General Framework, Songpon TEERAKANOK, Tetsutaro UEHARA 2018 Graduate School of Information Science and Engineering, Ritsumeikan University

Enhancement Of Media Splicing Detection: A General Framework, Songpon Teerakanok, Tetsutaro Uehara

Journal of Digital Forensics, Security and Law

Digital media (i.e., image, audio) has played an influential role in today information system. The increasing of popularity in digital media has brought forth many technological advancements. The advancements, however, also gives birth to a number of forgeries and attacks against this type of information. With the availability of easy-to-use media manipulating tools available online, the authenticity of today digital media cannot be guaranteed. In this paper, a new general framework for enhancing today media splicing detection has been proposed. By combining results from two traditional approaches, the enhanced detection results show improvement in term of clarity in which ...


A New Framework For Securing, Extracting And Analyzing Big Forensic Data, Hitesh Sachdev, hayden wimmer, Lei Chen, Carl Rebman 2018 Georgia Southern University

A New Framework For Securing, Extracting And Analyzing Big Forensic Data, Hitesh Sachdev, Hayden Wimmer, Lei Chen, Carl Rebman

Journal of Digital Forensics, Security and Law

Finding new methods to investigate criminal activities, behaviors, and responsibilities has always been a challenge for forensic research. Advances in big data, technology, and increased capabilities of smartphones has contributed to the demand for modern techniques of examination. Smartphones are ubiquitous, transformative, and have become a goldmine for forensics research. Given the right tools and research methods investigating agencies can help crack almost any illegal activity using smartphones. This paper focuses on conducting forensic analysis in exposing a terrorist or criminal network and introduces a new Big Forensic Data Framework model where different technologies of Hadoop and EnCase software are ...


A Bit Like Cash: Understanding Cash-For-Bitcoin Transactions Through Individual Vendors, Stephanie J. Robberson, Mark R. McCoy 2018 University of Central Oklahoma

A Bit Like Cash: Understanding Cash-For-Bitcoin Transactions Through Individual Vendors, Stephanie J. Robberson, Mark R. Mccoy

Journal of Digital Forensics, Security and Law

As technology improves and economies become more globalized, the concept of currency has evolved. Bitcoin, a cryptographic digital currency, has been embraced as a secure and convenient type of money. Due to its security and privacy for the user, Bitcoin is a good tool for conducting criminal trades. The Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) has regulations in place to make identification information of Bitcoin purchasers accessible to law enforcement, but enforcing these rules with cash-for-Bitcoin traders is difficult. This study surveyed cash-for-Bitcoin vendors in Oklahoma, Texas, Arkansas, Missouri, Kansas, Colorado, and New Mexico to determine personal demographic information, knowledge of ...


Sharia Law And Digital Forensics In Saudi Arabia, Andrew Jones, Fahad Alanazi, Catherine Menon 2018 University of Hertfordshire

Sharia Law And Digital Forensics In Saudi Arabia, Andrew Jones, Fahad Alanazi, Catherine Menon

Journal of Digital Forensics, Security and Law

These days, digital crime is one of the main challenges for law enforcement and the judicial system. Many of the laws which are used to protect the users of current technologies were derived from legislation and laws that are utilized in the control of crimes that are based in the physical realm. This applies not only in Western countries, but in countries that adopt Sharia law. There is a need to establish specific legislation and accepted best practice to deal with digital crimes that is compatible with Sharia law, which affects more than one billion Muslims. This paper presents a ...


Front Matter, 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Front Matter

Journal of Digital Forensics, Security and Law

No abstract provided.


Ontologies And The Semantic Web For Digital Investigation Tool Selection, Hayden Wimmer, Lei Chen, Thomas Narock 2018 Georgia Southern University

Ontologies And The Semantic Web For Digital Investigation Tool Selection, Hayden Wimmer, Lei Chen, Thomas Narock

Journal of Digital Forensics, Security and Law

The nascent field of digital forensics is heavily influenced by practice. Much digital forensics research involves the use, evaluation, and categorization of the multitude of tools available to researchers and practitioners. As technology evolves at an increasingly rapid pace, the digital forensics field must constantly adapt by creating and evaluating new tools and techniques to perform forensic analysis on many disparate systems such as desktops, notebook computers, mobile devices, cloud, and personal wearable sensor devices, among many others. While researchers have attempted to use ontologies to classify the digital forensics domain on various dimensions, no ontology of digital forensic tools ...


A Forensic Enabled Data Provenance Model For Public Cloud, Shariful Haque, Travis Atkison 2018 University of Alabama

A Forensic Enabled Data Provenance Model For Public Cloud, Shariful Haque, Travis Atkison

Journal of Digital Forensics, Security and Law

Cloud computing is a newly emerging technology where storage, computation and services are extensively shared among a large number of users through virtualization and distributed computing. This technology makes the process of detecting the physical location or ownership of a particular piece of data even more complicated. As a result, improvements in data provenance techniques became necessary. Provenance refers to the record describing the origin and other historical information about a piece of data. An advanced data provenance system will give forensic investigators a transparent idea about the data's lineage, and help to resolve disputes over controversial pieces of ...


Back Matter, 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Back Matter

Journal of Digital Forensics, Security and Law

No abstract provided.


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