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Gen Y More Black Corporate Directors, Chaz Brooks 2025 American University Washington College of Law

Gen Y More Black Corporate Directors, Chaz Brooks

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

Corporate diversity has been in the spotlight for decades. Recent efforts have followed years of legal scholarship, arguments on the business rationale for greater diversity, and more recently, the racial unrest during the summer of 2020. Called by some, a “racial reckoning,” the summer of 2020 catalyzed many corporate declarations on the importance of diversity, and more to the point of this article, the necessity of righting the economic disadvantages of Black Americans. This article looks specifically at one intervention by a corporate player following summer 2020, Nasdaq’s volley to increase corporate diversity through required disclosure. This article reviews the …


Esg & Caremark: Shareholders Might Lack Adequate Tools To Voice Esg Concerns And To Hold Boards Of Directors Accountable For Esg Oversight, Meryl Roux Jimenez 2024 University of Miami School of Law

Esg & Caremark: Shareholders Might Lack Adequate Tools To Voice Esg Concerns And To Hold Boards Of Directors Accountable For Esg Oversight, Meryl Roux Jimenez

University of Miami Business Law Review

Environmental, Social, and Government (“ESG”) practices are no longer an area that corporations can ignore. A corporation’s failure to oversee an ESG risk can lead to a reputational scandal for the company, which, ultimately, hurts shareholders. The only primary legal recourse for shareholders to hold a board of directors accountable—for breaching its fiduciary duty to oversee a risk— is to bring a Caremark action in court. While most Caremark actions have proved favorable to shareholders in the past two decades, it is an imperfect and reactive framework for ESG related claims. Corporations are pulled in two opposite directions: maximizing shareholders’ …


The Fiduciary Duty Of Dissent, Joseph W. Yockey 2024 Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law

The Fiduciary Duty Of Dissent, Joseph W. Yockey

Villanova Law Review

No abstract provided.


Racial Targets, Atinuke O. Adediran 2024 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

Racial Targets, Atinuke O. Adediran

Northwestern University Law Review

It is common scholarly and popular wisdom that racial quotas are illegal. However, the reality is that since 2020’s racial reckoning, many of the largest companies have been touting specific, albeit voluntary, goals to hire or promote people of color, which this Article refers to as “racial targets.” The Article addresses this phenomenon and shows that companies can defend racial targets as distinct from racial quotas, which involve a rigid number or proportion of opportunities reserved exclusively for minority groups. The political implications of the legal defensibility of racial targets are significant in this moment in American history, where race …


The Impossibility Of Corporate Political Ideology: Upholding Sec Climate Disclosures Against Compelled Commercial Speech Challenges, Erin Murphy 2024 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

The Impossibility Of Corporate Political Ideology: Upholding Sec Climate Disclosures Against Compelled Commercial Speech Challenges, Erin Murphy

Northwestern University Law Review

To address the increasingly dire climate crisis, the SEC will require public companies to reveal their business’s environmental impact to the market through climate disclosures. Businesses and states challenged the required disclosures as compelled, politically motivated speech that risks putting First Amendment doctrine into further jeopardy. In the past five years, the U.S. Supreme Court has demonstrated an increased propensity to hear compelled speech cases and rule in favor of litigants claiming First Amendment protection from disclosing information that they disagree with or believe to be a politically charged topic. Dissenting liberal Justices have decried these practices as “weaponizing the …


1l Q&A Lunch, Cardozo Business Law Society 2024 Yeshiva University, Cardozo School of Law

1l Q&A Lunch, Cardozo Business Law Society

Flyers 2023-2024

No abstract provided.


Are Employee Noncompete Agreements Coercive? Why The Ftc's Wrong Answer Disqualifies It From Rulemaking (For Now), Alan J. Meese 2024 William & Mary Law School

Are Employee Noncompete Agreements Coercive? Why The Ftc's Wrong Answer Disqualifies It From Rulemaking (For Now), Alan J. Meese

Faculty Publications

The Federal Trade Commission recently proposed a rule banning nearly all employee noncompete agreements (“NCAs”) as unfair methods of competition under Section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act. The proposed rule reflects two complementary pillars of an aggressive new enforcement agenda championed by Commission Chair Lina Khan, a leading voice in the Neo-Brandeisian antitrust movement. First, such a rule depends on the assumption, rejected by most prior Commissions, that the Act empowers the Commission to issue legislative rules. Proceeding by rulemaking is essential, the Commission has said, to fight a “hyperconcentrated economy” that injures employees and consumers alike. Second, …


Educating Deal Lawyers For The Digital Age, Heather Hughes 2024 American University, Washington College of Law

Educating Deal Lawyers For The Digital Age, Heather Hughes

Fordham Law Review

Courses and programs that address law and emerging technologies are proliferating in U.S. law schools. Technology-related issues pervade the curriculum. This Essay presents two instances in which new technologies present challenges for deal lawyers. It explores how exposing students to closing opinions practice can prepare them to engage these challenges. Both examples involve common commercial contexts and lessons relevant to students of business associations and of the Uniform Commercial Code. The first, which deals with enforceability opinion letters, presents technical legal difficulties arising from recent developments in law and technology. The second, involving complex doctrines at the heart of financial …


Criminal Subsidiaries, Andrew K. Jennings 2024 Emory University

Criminal Subsidiaries, Andrew K. Jennings

Fordham Law Review

Corporate groups comprise parent companies and one or more subsidiaries, which parents use to manage liabilities, transactions, operations, and regulation. Those subsidiaries can also be used to manage criminal accountability when multiple entities within a corporate group share responsibility for a common offense. A parent, for instance, might reach a settlement with prosecutors that requires its subsidiary to plead guilty to a crime, without conviction of the parent itself—a subsidiary-only conviction (SOC). The parent will thus avoid bearing collateral consequences—such as contracting or industry bars—that would follow its own conviction. For the prosecutor, such settlements can respond to criminal law’s …


A Look Back In Time: Analyzing The Success And Value Of The 2014 Amendments To Rule 2a-7 And Reporting On Form N-Cr In Light Of The March 2020 Market Events, Jocelyn Near 2024 The Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law

A Look Back In Time: Analyzing The Success And Value Of The 2014 Amendments To Rule 2a-7 And Reporting On Form N-Cr In Light Of The March 2020 Market Events, Jocelyn Near

Catholic University Law Review

Money market funds have frequently been a target of regulation by the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Perhaps the most expansive regulation came as a response to the 2008 financial crisis, in which the Reserve Primary Fund “broke the buck.” The SEC’s misguided 2014 reforms exacerbated the inherent risks of money market funds, including the risk of runs and first mover advantage, particularly with the implementation of Form N-CR. Form N-CR requires a money market fund to publicly report when various events occur, including when a retail or government money market fund’s current net asset value per share deviates downward …


Cardozo Dispute Resolution Society Presents: Wine Negotiation, Cardozo Dispute Resolution Society, Cardozo Wine Society 2024 Yeshiva University, Cardozo School of Law

Cardozo Dispute Resolution Society Presents: Wine Negotiation, Cardozo Dispute Resolution Society, Cardozo Wine Society

Flyers 2023-2024

No abstract provided.


An Unfair Method Of Rulemaking: An Application Of Constitutional Doctrines That Oppose The Ftc Rule Banning Non-Competition Agreements, Jared Yaggie 2024 University of Cincinnati College of Law

An Unfair Method Of Rulemaking: An Application Of Constitutional Doctrines That Oppose The Ftc Rule Banning Non-Competition Agreements, Jared Yaggie

University of Cincinnati Law Review

No abstract provided.


Born In The U.S.A.: Analyzing The Domesticity Of Judgments In The Civil Rico Context, Alex Reid 2024 University of Cincinnati College of Law

Born In The U.S.A.: Analyzing The Domesticity Of Judgments In The Civil Rico Context, Alex Reid

University of Cincinnati Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Extent Of The Application Of Governance And The Degree Of Its Association With Financial Indicators And Obstacles To Their Application In Companies Listed On Palestine Stock Exchange, خالد زبدة, عمر أبو عيده 2024 جامعة القدس المفتوحة

The Extent Of The Application Of Governance And The Degree Of Its Association With Financial Indicators And Obstacles To Their Application In Companies Listed On Palestine Stock Exchange, خالد زبدة, عمر أبو عيده

Jerash for Research and Studies Journal مجلة جرش للبحوث والدراسات

The main objective of this research is to recognize the reality of the application of governance in the Palestinian companies, and also to analyze the relationship between some financial indicators of those companies with the governance implementation level. For instance, ROA, ROE, Paid-up Capital, R/P, Stock market value, stock book value, and Net income, trying also to identify the obstacles facing its implantation, and to suggest measures that will help to improve the level of application of corporate governance in these companies This study was applied to all (48) companies listed on the Palestine Stock Exchange, divided into five sectors …


Lifecycle Of A Restaurant A Legal Perspective, Cardozo Business Law Society 2024 Yeshiva University, Cardozo School of Law

Lifecycle Of A Restaurant A Legal Perspective, Cardozo Business Law Society

Flyers 2023-2024

No abstract provided.


Getting Merger Guidelines Right, Keith N. Hylton 2024 Boston Univeristy School of Law

Getting Merger Guidelines Right, Keith N. Hylton

Faculty Scholarship

This paper is on the new Merger Guidelines. It makes several arguments. First, that the Guidelines should be understood as existing in a political equilibrium. Second, that the new structural presumption of the Merger Guidelines (HHI = 1,800) is too strict, and that an economically reasonable revision in the structural presumption would have increased rather than decreased the threshold. Whereas the new Guidelines lowers the threshold to HHI 1,800 from HHI 2,500, an economically reasonable revision would have increased the threshold to HHI 3,200. I justify this argument using a bare-bones model of Cournot competition. Third, it seems unlikely, …


Law And Social Justice: Operationalizing Stakeholder Theory In Governmental Regulations And Corporate Decision-Making For Social And Economic Sustainability, Resilience, And Democracy, Daniel Herron, Laura Powell 2024 Miami University

Law And Social Justice: Operationalizing Stakeholder Theory In Governmental Regulations And Corporate Decision-Making For Social And Economic Sustainability, Resilience, And Democracy, Daniel Herron, Laura Powell

Pace International Law Review

It is time to shed the twentieth century capitalistic ways of shareholder maximization. It is time to fashion a “new” capitalism which retains the competitive dynamic but redefines its force to create a more socially just society. That is a huge order, to say the least. But, there is a path to that end. The 2019 U.S. Business Roundtable’s announcement, the creation of the Benefit Corporation, and the United Kingdom’s 2006 Companies Act began that process. These developments are enabling the beginning of the redefining of one of the bedrocks of capitalism: fiduciary obligation. The methodology of these developments is …


The Corporate Right To Bear Arms, Robert E. Wagner 2024 William & Mary Law School

The Corporate Right To Bear Arms, Robert E. Wagner

William & Mary Business Law Review

The ability of a corporation to exercise constitutional protections has been rife with uncertainty and change since the conception of corporate rights came into existence. The history and rapid development of the corporation, combined with the misapplied and misunderstood “corporate personhood” theory, have resulted in an almost unintelligible hodgepodge of corporate constitutional applications. Similarly, the concept of the right to bear arms has equally been muddled and applied very differently at varying times and locations since before the establishment of the Second Amendment. This Article attempts to clarify how an alternative to the “corporate personhood” theory, namely the “purpose” theory …


When Amazon Drivers Kill: Accidents, Agency Law, And The Contractor Economy, Keith Cunningham-Parmeter 2024 William & Mary Law School

When Amazon Drivers Kill: Accidents, Agency Law, And The Contractor Economy, Keith Cunningham-Parmeter

William & Mary Law Review

Amazon vans and Uber drivers frequently crash into other cars. Despite the many injuries and deaths that result from these accidents, Amazon and Uber deny responsibility for such claims because they categorize their drivers as “independent contractors.” But this contractor defense distorts the basic rules of agency law. Over a century ago, courts crafted agency standards that forced businesses to pay for the harms that their workers caused. Since that time, American firms have attempted to skirt this rule by labeling their workers as “contractors” rather than as “employees.” Aware of this age-old tactic to avoid liability, courts historically built …


Tackling Vulnerabilities Through Corporate Duties, Jingchen Zhao 2024 Guangdong University of Finance and Economics, Nottingham Trent University

Tackling Vulnerabilities Through Corporate Duties, Jingchen Zhao

Catholic University Law Review

In this article, and drawing on the work of Fineman and others, we use a vulnerability lens as a device to emphasize the protection that could be offered to vulnerable parties in corporations through directors’ duties. By situating corporations in the vulnerability paradigm, we will discuss the limitations of formal equality and clarify the role played by corporate law. The increasingly blurred distinction between private law and public law will be discussed to rationalize the protection of the vulnerable through collective responsibility. Vulnerability theory mediates conflicts between calls for “regulatory state policies” and “individual responsibility” to supervise and monitor corporate …


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