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Antitrust And The Patent System: A Reexamination, Herbert Hovenkamp 2015 University of Iowa

Antitrust And The Patent System: A Reexamination, Herbert Hovenkamp

Herbert Hovenkamp

Since the federal antitrust laws were first passed they have cycled through extreme positions on the relationship between competition law and the patent system. Previous studies of antitrust and the patent system have generally assumed that patents are valid, discrete, and generally of high quality in the sense that they further innovation. As a result, increasing the returns to patenting increases the incentive to do socially valuable innovation. Further, if the returns to the patentee exceed the social losses caused by increased exclusion, the tradeoff is positive and antitrust should not interfere. If a patent does nothing to further innovation ...


Is There A Market For Organic Search Engine Results And Can Their Manipulation Give Rise To Antitrust Liability?, Daniel L. Rubinfeld, James Ratliff 2014 Berkeley Law

Is There A Market For Organic Search Engine Results And Can Their Manipulation Give Rise To Antitrust Liability?, Daniel L. Rubinfeld, James Ratliff

Daniel L. Rubinfeld

Google has been accused of manipulating its organic search results to favor its own services. We explore possible choices of relevant antitrust markets that might make these various antitrust allegations meaningful. We argue that viewing Internet search in isolation ignores the two-sided nature of the search-advertising platform and the feedback effects that link the provision of organic search results to consumers on the one hand, and the sale to businesses of advertising on the other. We conclude that the relevant market in which Google competes with respect to Internet search is at least as broad as a two-sided search-advertising market ...


Professors Update 2014, Antitrust Analysis, 7th Ed., Aaron Edlin, Scott Hemphill, Louis Kaplow 2014 Berkeley Law

Professors Update 2014, Antitrust Analysis, 7th Ed., Aaron Edlin, Scott Hemphill, Louis Kaplow

Aaron Edlin

Professors Update for Antitrust Analysis, 7th edition


Patents, Antitrust, And The Rule Of Reason, Herbert Hovenkamp 2014 University of Iowa

Patents, Antitrust, And The Rule Of Reason, Herbert Hovenkamp

Herbert Hovenkamp

Antitrust law has historically immunized many patent agreements if they fell within the "scope of the patent." Three dissenting Justices in the Actavis case advocated this test: a pharmaceutical pay-for-delay settlement falls within the scope of the patent if it delays a competitor's entry no longer than the remaining life of the patent. In that case the patentee will not be obtaining any more than it would from a valid patent -- namely, the right to exclude infringers for the full patent term.

The "scope of the patent" test is not useful for defining the boundaries of antitrust immunity in ...


Nuclear Chain Reaction: Why Economic Sanctions Are Not Worth The Public Costs, Nicholas C.W. Wolfe 2014 SelectedWorks

Nuclear Chain Reaction: Why Economic Sanctions Are Not Worth The Public Costs, Nicholas C.W. Wolfe

Nicholas A Wolfe

International economic sanctions frequently violate human rights in targeted states and rarely achieve their objectives. However, many hail economic sanctions as an important nonviolent tool for coercing and persuading change. In November 2013, the Islamic Republic of Iran negotiated a temporary agreement with major world powers regarding Iran’s nuclear program. The United States’ media and politicians have repeatedly and incorrectly attributed Iran’s willingness to negotiate to the effectiveness of economic sanctions.

Politicians primarily focus on immediate domestic effects and enact sanctions without a thorough understanding of the long-term effects on the United States economy and the public within ...


An Overview Of The Draft China Antimonopoly Law, H. Stephen Harris Jr. 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

An Overview Of The Draft China Antimonopoly Law, H. Stephen Harris Jr.

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Governing For The Corporations: History And Analysis Of U.S. Promotion Of Foreign Investment, Michael R. Miller 2014 SelectedWorks

Governing For The Corporations: History And Analysis Of U.S. Promotion Of Foreign Investment, Michael R. Miller

Michael R Miller

This paper explores and analyzes U.S. government support for foreign investors, especially major oil companies.

Throughout the 20th Century the US government has repeatedly used its international political influence to benefit US corporate activities abroad. The US government and others assumed initially that this was in the larger interests of the United States because US companies would represent and promote the United States’ policy agenda.

However, US corporate activities abroad over the last century seem to indicate this assumption was flawed. In numerous examples, US corporations have either ignored or thwarted the stated interests of the US government. At ...


Legal And Institutional Remedies For Middle East States Wishing To Develop And Increase Foreign Direct Investment, Griffin Weaver 2014 SelectedWorks

Legal And Institutional Remedies For Middle East States Wishing To Develop And Increase Foreign Direct Investment, Griffin Weaver

Griffin Weaver

The cost to overhaul a legal system is astronomical. For example, before and after the fall of the Soviet Union in the 1980’s several states received billions of dollars in loans to help change their “legal systems” and make them more western friendly. A couple of these states were West Germany and Japan, which received roughly 1.5 billion and 2.4 billion USD in loans. Considering most of this money was given in the 1950’s, the value today is probably three times or more those amounts. Without this aid both states would have been unable to make ...


Greasing The Wheels: British Deficiencies In Relation To American Clarity In International Anti-Corruption Law, Todd Swanson 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Greasing The Wheels: British Deficiencies In Relation To American Clarity In International Anti-Corruption Law, Todd Swanson

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Imf’S Reassessment Of Capital Controls After The 2008 Financial Crisis: Heresy Or Orthodoxy?, Philip J. MacFarlane 2014 SelectedWorks

The Imf’S Reassessment Of Capital Controls After The 2008 Financial Crisis: Heresy Or Orthodoxy?, Philip J. Macfarlane

Philip J. MacFarlane

While the IMF allows countries to limit the flow of capital through the use of capital controls, it has since the 1980s discouraged this practice and instead promoted capital account liberalization as a means for developing countries to attract the foreign investment needed for economic growth. The 2008 financial crisis, however, prompted the IMF to reconsider this view and increasingly support the use of capital controls for countries that were vulnerable to the effects of volatile capital flows. In 2012, the IMF changed its official position on the use of capital controls from permitted but discouraged to accepted in certain ...


When Bigger Is Better: A Critique Of The Herfindahl-Hirschman Index’S Use To Evaluate Mergers In Network Industries, Toby Roberts 2014 Pace University

When Bigger Is Better: A Critique Of The Herfindahl-Hirschman Index’S Use To Evaluate Mergers In Network Industries, Toby Roberts

Pace Law Review

This Article argues that the current framework used by the Department of Justice (“DOJ”) and Federal Trade Commission (“FTC”) to evaluate mergers is inadequate in that it fails to account for network benefits. In particular, I argue for abandoning the use of the HHI in analyzing network industry mergers because the index generates little useful information about these mergers’ effect on consumer welfare. Part II describes the HHI’s historical and theoretical underpinnings and its integration into the current Merger Guidelines. Part III considers general objections to the HHI before turning to its problems in evaluating network industries. Part IV ...


Sailing The Seas Of Protectionism: The Simultaneous Application Of Antidumping And Countervailing Duties To Nonmarket Economies - An Affront To Domestic And International Laws, Christopher Blake McDaniel 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Sailing The Seas Of Protectionism: The Simultaneous Application Of Antidumping And Countervailing Duties To Nonmarket Economies - An Affront To Domestic And International Laws, Christopher Blake Mcdaniel

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Inevitable Imbalance: Why Ftc V. Actavis Was Inadequate To Solve The Reverse Payment Settlement Problem And Proposing A New Amendment To The Hatch-Waxman Act, Rachel A. Lewis 2014 Seattle University School of Law

Inevitable Imbalance: Why Ftc V. Actavis Was Inadequate To Solve The Reverse Payment Settlement Problem And Proposing A New Amendment To The Hatch-Waxman Act, Rachel A. Lewis

Seattle University Law Review

The law regarding reverse payment settlements is anything but settled. Reverse payment settlements are settlements that occur during a patent infringement litigation in which a pharmaceutical patent holder pays a generic drug producer to not infringe on the pharmaceutical patent. Despite the recent decision by the United States Supreme Court in FTC v. Actavis, Inc., there are still unanswered questions about how the “full rule of reason” analysis will be applied to reverse payment. This Comment argues that despite the outcome in Actavis, the complex regulatory framework of the Hatch–Waxman Act will create repeated conflicts between antitrust law and ...


Justice For All In The Dispute Settlement System Of The World Trade Organization, Kim Van der Borght 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Justice For All In The Dispute Settlement System Of The World Trade Organization, Kim Van Der Borght

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Moving All-In With The World Trade Organization: Ignoring Adverse Rulings And Gambling With The Future Of The Wto, Paul Rothstein 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Moving All-In With The World Trade Organization: Ignoring Adverse Rulings And Gambling With The Future Of The Wto, Paul Rothstein

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Can The Tiger Sit Down With The Dragon? An Assessment Of Chinese And Indian Antitrust Laws, R. Matthew Short 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Can The Tiger Sit Down With The Dragon? An Assessment Of Chinese And Indian Antitrust Laws, R. Matthew Short

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Sacred Cows, Holy Wars: Exploring The Limits Of Law In The Regulation Of Raw Milk And Kosher Meat, Kenneth Lasson 2014 SelectedWorks

Sacred Cows, Holy Wars: Exploring The Limits Of Law In The Regulation Of Raw Milk And Kosher Meat, Kenneth Lasson

Kenneth Lasson

SACRED COWS, HOLY WARS

Exploring the Limits of Law in the Regulation of Raw Milk and Kosher Meat

By Kenneth Lasson

Abstract

In a free society law and religion seldom coincide comfortably, tending instead to reflect the inherent tension that often resides between the two. This is nowhere more apparent than in America, where the underlying principle upon which the first freedom enunciated by the Constitution’s Bill of Rights is based ‒ the separation of church and state – is conceptually at odds with the pragmatic compromises that may be reached. But our adherence to the primacy of individual rights and ...


Análisis Económico De Las Sanciones Administrativas En El Derecho De La Competencia Y Del Consumo, Camilo Ossa 2014 SelectedWorks

Análisis Económico De Las Sanciones Administrativas En El Derecho De La Competencia Y Del Consumo, Camilo Ossa

Camilo Ossa

Encontrará el lector una revisión de un aspecto puntual relacionado con la posibilidad que investigaciones originadas por infracciones al consumidor puedan ser sancionadas vía competencia, con el fin de aprovechar el mayor valor de la sanción, de lo cual se hará una revisión de los aspectos jurídicos que ello implica, además de una propuesta, utilizando herramientas del Análisis Económico del Derecho, que nos puede llevar a convertir una una sanción que se cree “pequeña” en eficiente, siendo óptima para el cumplimiento del fin propuesto en la misma ley. Son dos aspectos puntuales relacionados, primero, con la parte teórica que hay ...


From Patent Thickets To Patent Networks: The Legal Infrastructure Of The Digital Economy, Jonathan M. Barnett 2014 BLR

From Patent Thickets To Patent Networks: The Legal Infrastructure Of The Digital Economy, Jonathan M. Barnett

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

Scholarly and popular commentary often assert that markets characterized by intensive patent issuance and enforcement suffer from “patent thickets” that suppress innovation. This assertion is difficult to reconcile with continuous robust levels of R&D investment, coupled with declining prices, in technology markets that have operated under intensive patent issuance and enforcement for several decades. Using network visualization software, I show that information and communication technology markets rely on patent pools and other cross-licensing structures to mitigate or avoid patent thickets and associated inefficiencies. Based on the composition, structure, terms and pricing of selected leading patent pools in the ICT ...


On The Public-Law Character Of Competition Law: A Lesson Of Asian Capitalism, Michael Dowdle 2014 SelectedWorks

On The Public-Law Character Of Competition Law: A Lesson Of Asian Capitalism, Michael Dowdle

Michael Dowdle

This article argues that competition law is best seen as a form of public law – ‘the law that governs the governing of the state – and not as simply a form of private market regulation. It uses the experiences of ‘Asian capitalism’ to show how capitalist economies are in fact much more variegated than the orthodox model of competition law presumes, and that this variegated character demands a form of regulation that is innately political rather than simply technical. Orthodox competition regimes address this complexity by segregating non-standard capitalisms into alternative doctrinal jurisprudences, but this renders conceptually invisible the political balancing ...


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