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The Accessibility For Manitobans Act: Ambitions And Achievements In Antidiscrimination And Citizen Participation, Laverne A. Jacobs, Victoria Cino, Britney DeCosta 2017 Selected Works

The Accessibility For Manitobans Act: Ambitions And Achievements In Antidiscrimination And Citizen Participation, Laverne A. Jacobs, Victoria Cino, Britney Decosta

Laverne Jacobs

The Accessibility for Manitobans Act (AMA) was enacted in December, 2013. Manitoba is the second Canadian province to enact accessibility standards legislation. The first province was Ontario which enacted the Ontarians with Disabilities Act in 2001 and later a more fortified and enforceable Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act, 2005. In this article, we provide an overview of the Accessibility for Manitobans Act highlighting its purpose, philosophical and social goals; the standards to be developed and the process for developing the standards; information on the compliance and enforcement of the statute (including penalties and appeal mechanisms) and statutory review of ...


Human Trafficking And Refugee Law, Vladislava Stoyanova 2016 Lund University

Human Trafficking And Refugee Law, Vladislava Stoyanova

Vladislava Stoyanova

No abstract provided.


Rethinking Counterterrorism In The Age Of Isis, Sahar F. Aziz 2016 Texas A&M University School of Law

Rethinking Counterterrorism In The Age Of Isis, Sahar F. Aziz

Sahar F. Aziz

Failing states are havens for terrorism. A toxic combination of social, economic, and political crises attract violent extremist groups to establish bases in these lawless areas. As the groups grow in strength, the violence spreads from the immediate vicinity to the nation, region, and sometimes even other continents. One need only look to the terrorist attacks in New York, London, Madrid, and Paris as proof that terrorists operating out of failing states eventually set their sights on attacking Western capitals. Although the underlying causes of terrorism are often local, the violence is no longer constrained within a particular country or ...


Access To Communication In United States Prisons: Reducing Recidivism Through Expanded Communication Programs With Inmates, Lilie Gross 2016 University of Puget Sound

Access To Communication In United States Prisons: Reducing Recidivism Through Expanded Communication Programs With Inmates, Lilie Gross

Politics & Government Undergraduate Theses

The need for better communication systems in prisons is dire and will reduce recidivism rates in the United States. Not only is communication via phone lines extremely expensive and corrupt, it is almost impossible. Inmates in United States Prisons need this availability and option to communicate with their families and maintain outside relationships. While maintaining healthy and positive relationships is good for inmate's mental health, it also decreases the risk of recidivism. This paper aims to highlight the benefits of phone communication and relationships between inmates and family on the outside for it will decrease the 50% recidivism rate ...


Chemical Weapons And Other Atrocities: Contrasting Responses To The Syrian Crisis, Tim McCormack 2016 U.S. Naval War College

Chemical Weapons And Other Atrocities: Contrasting Responses To The Syrian Crisis, Tim Mccormack

International Law Studies

Why has the use of chemical weapons in Syria engendered such a substantive multilateral response in stark contrast to almost every other egregious international law violation perpetrated against the civilian population? Various theories have been offered but the explanation has little to do with humanitarian concerns for Syrian victims and is more readily explicable by unusual (in the Syrian context) alignment of U.S. and Russian national interests. Bashar al-Assad was convinced to accede to the Chemical Weapons Convention, to surrender his stockpiles of chemical weapons and to co-operate with international investigators deployed under UN Security Council auspices amid a ...


We Are All Here To Stay? Indigeneity, Migration, And ‘Decolonizing’ The Treaty Right To Be Here, Amar Bhatia 2016 Osgoode Hall Law School of York University

We Are All Here To Stay? Indigeneity, Migration, And ‘Decolonizing’ The Treaty Right To Be Here, Amar Bhatia

Amar Bhatia

This article examines issues of transnational migration in the settler-colonial context of Canada. First, I review some of the recent debates about foregrounding Indigeneity and decolonization in anti-racist thought and work, especially in relation to critical and anti-racist approaches to migration. The article then moves from this debate to the question of ‘our right to be here’, the relationship of this right to the treaties, and how migrant rights and treaty relations perspectives might interact in a context that must be informed by Indigenous laws and legal traditions.


Arbitrary Withholding Of Consent To Humanitarian Relief Operations In Armed Conflict, Dapo Akande, Emanuela-Chiara Gillard 2016 U.S. Naval War College

Arbitrary Withholding Of Consent To Humanitarian Relief Operations In Armed Conflict, Dapo Akande, Emanuela-Chiara Gillard

International Law Studies

This article examines the requirement under international humanitarian law (IHL) that consent to humanitarian relief operations must not be arbitrarily withheld. It begins with a brief outline of the rules of IHL regulating humanitarian assistance in armed conflict. The article then considers the origin of the rule prohibiting arbitrary withholding of consent to humanitarian relief operations before proceeding to set out the circumstances when consent will be considered to have been withheld arbitrarily under international law. It proposes three tests for arbitrariness in this context, and also examines how international human rights regulates humanitarian assistance in armed conflict.


Nuclear Weapons, Lethal Injection, And American Catholics: Faith Confronting American Civil Religion, Thomas L. Shaffer 2016 Notre Dame Law School

Nuclear Weapons, Lethal Injection, And American Catholics: Faith Confronting American Civil Religion, Thomas L. Shaffer

Thomas L. Shaffer

But, still, honor is important among us. "He was an honorable man" is still a moving thing to say, at a (man's) funeral. The notion, and the liturgy that invokes the notion, show us believers that civil religion has a hold on us, and that we need a place where we can sit down together and think things out.2 6 This argument of mine needs to get beneath simple contrasts between biblical faith and civil religion. We believers need to reason together, plopped down as we are in the middle of the present. We believers include naval officers ...


Human Rights And The Media, Brian K. Gran Ph.D 2016 Case Western Reserve University

Human Rights And The Media, Brian K. Gran Ph.D

Societies Without Borders

No abstract provided.


Democracy, Education, And Free Speech: The Importance Of #Feesmustfall For Transnational Activism, Lindsey Peterson Ph.D, Kentse Radebe, Somya Mohanty Ph.D 2016 Mississippi State University

Democracy, Education, And Free Speech: The Importance Of #Feesmustfall For Transnational Activism, Lindsey Peterson Ph.D, Kentse Radebe, Somya Mohanty Ph.D

Societies Without Borders

South African students across numerous university campuses joined together in the second half of 2015 to protest the rising cost of higher education. In addition to on-campus protesting, activists utilized Twitter to mobilize and communicate with each other, and, as the protests drew national attention, the hashtag #FeesMustFall began trending on Twitter. Then, what began as a localized movement against tuition increases became a global issue when a court interdict was granted by a South African court against the use of the #FeesMustFall hashtag. This paper traces that global spread of the #FeesMustFall hashtag on Twitter as a response to ...


‘These People Have No Clue About Us, The Land, Or How We Live!’: Second Generation Human Rights Along The Texas–Mexico Border, Jennifer G. Correa Ph.D, Tola Olu Pearce Ph.D 2016 Texas A&M University-San Antonio

‘These People Have No Clue About Us, The Land, Or How We Live!’: Second Generation Human Rights Along The Texas–Mexico Border, Jennifer G. Correa Ph.D, Tola Olu Pearce Ph.D

Societies Without Borders

In this study, we wish to turn attention to how the international human rights framework, developed under the auspices of the United Nations in 1948, is being used by different communities, in particular, the Texas-Mexico border. We emphasize that while the articles contained in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights have, at times, served as a protective platform upon which activists have been able to build, these articles cannot responsibly be imposed without attending to and incorporating the voices of those on the ground. Using both qualitative and ethnographic methods, our objective is to amplify specific voices by analyzing how ...


The Technology Bias: What Google Teaches Us About Child Rights, Yvonne Vissing Ph.D, Sarah Burris M.A., Quixada Moore-Vissing Ph.D 2016 Salem State University

The Technology Bias: What Google Teaches Us About Child Rights, Yvonne Vissing Ph.D, Sarah Burris M.A., Quixada Moore-Vissing Ph.D

Societies Without Borders

Technology both helps and hinders what we know about human rights. Use of Google is of central importance to both the Sociology of Knowledge and the creation of internet literacy. In this study, different search engines are compared regarding content of “child rights” in the fifty United States. Findings include: importance of algorithmic loading of sites; number of hits may not reflect the importance or accuracy of a topic; different search engines produce different findings; and personalized searches result in different results. Personalization of searches in accordance to one’s previous search history may result in people being given information ...


The Impact Of Rural Poverty On Women’S Health Outcomes In Ethiopia: A Review Of A Walk To Beautiful, Christine A. Wernet Ph.D 2016 University of South Carolina Aiken

The Impact Of Rural Poverty On Women’S Health Outcomes In Ethiopia: A Review Of A Walk To Beautiful, Christine A. Wernet Ph.D

Societies Without Borders

No abstract provided.


The Male Anti-Circumcision Movement: Ideology, Privilege, And Equity In Social Media, Amanda Kennedy Ph.D, Lauren M. Sardi Ph.D 2016 Curry College

The Male Anti-Circumcision Movement: Ideology, Privilege, And Equity In Social Media, Amanda Kennedy Ph.D, Lauren M. Sardi Ph.D

Societies Without Borders

Social media has become a primary way in which various social movements may attempt to gain traction within larger frames of cultural discourse (Obar, Zube, and Lampe 2012). However, not all movements that profess human rights and equality goals are truly egalitarian in their orientation. Many men’s movements are ostensibly about gender equality but fall short of their claims because they fail to come to terms with issues of privilege (Messner 1997, 1998). While the male anti-circumcision movement (sometimes referred to as the Intactivist movement) is less radically anti-feminist and has utilized social media to develop and maintain connections ...


Soldier 2.0: Military Human Enhancement And International Law, Heather A. Harrison Dinniss, Jann K. Kleffner 2016 U.S. Naval War College

Soldier 2.0: Military Human Enhancement And International Law, Heather A. Harrison Dinniss, Jann K. Kleffner

International Law Studies

Advances in technologies that could endow humans with physical or mental abilities that go beyond the statistically normal level of functioning are occurring at an incredible pace. The use of these human enhancement technologies by the military, for instance in the spheres of biotechnology, cybernetics and prosthetics, raise a number of questions under the international legal frameworks governing military technology, namely the law of armed conflict and human rights law. The article examines these frameworks with a focus on weapons law, the law pertaining to the detention of and by “enhanced individuals,” the human rights of those individuals and their ...


The Women's Protocol To The African Charter And Sexual Violence In The Context Of Armed Conflict Or Other Mass Atrocity, Susana SáCouto, Katherine Cleary 2016 Selected Works

The Women's Protocol To The African Charter And Sexual Violence In The Context Of Armed Conflict Or Other Mass Atrocity, Susana Sácouto, Katherine Cleary

Susana L. SáCouto

No abstract provided.


Regulation 55 And The Rights Of The Accused At The International Criminal Court, Susana SáCouto, Katherine Cleary Thompson 2016 Selected Works

Regulation 55 And The Rights Of The Accused At The International Criminal Court, Susana Sácouto, Katherine Cleary Thompson

Susana L. SáCouto

No abstract provided.


Omar Khadr: Domestic And International Litigation Strategies For A Child In Armed Conflict Held At Guantanamo, Richard J. Wilson 2016 American University, Washington College of Law

Omar Khadr: Domestic And International Litigation Strategies For A Child In Armed Conflict Held At Guantanamo, Richard J. Wilson

Richard J. Wilson

No abstract provided.


Human Rights Violations By Peacekeeping Forces In Somalia, Richard J. Wilson, Emily Singer Hurvitz 2016 American University Washington College of Law

Human Rights Violations By Peacekeeping Forces In Somalia, Richard J. Wilson, Emily Singer Hurvitz

Richard J. Wilson

No abstract provided.


Microcredit: Fulfilling Or Belying The Universalist Morality Of Globalizing Markets?, Kenneth Anderson 2016 Selected Works

Microcredit: Fulfilling Or Belying The Universalist Morality Of Globalizing Markets?, Kenneth Anderson

Kenneth Anderson

This Article gives an account of the practice of microcredit that reveals its

ambivalent relationship to global markets. Microcredit consists in nonprofit

lending to poor communities, often at subsidized interest rates, to

encourage small-scale entrepreneurial activity. Microcredit organizations

view themselves, alternatively, as an extension of global markets into poor

communities, designed to draw them permanently into the global

economy, or as an efficient mechanism for providing aid to compensate the

poor for their exclusion from the market. The Article argues that

organizations would do well to clarify their relationship to the global

market because that relationship has implications for how ...


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