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Private And Family Life, Gender Equality And Social Security Under The European Convention On Human Rights - Di Trizio V Switzerland, Mel Cousins 2017 Trinity College Dublin

Private And Family Life, Gender Equality And Social Security Under The European Convention On Human Rights - Di Trizio V Switzerland, Mel Cousins

Mel Cousins

This note examines the recent Di Trizio ruling by the European Court of Human Rights. The case, first, involves the scope of Article 8 of the Convention as it concerns social security schemes. The Court by a narrow majority held that the claim fell within the scope of Article 8 but, it is submitted that the approach of the dissenting judges was a better reading of the Convention.  However, a panel of the Grand Chamber has rejected a State request to refer the matter to the Grand Chamber.[1] Second, the case involves a rather complicated gender equality claim concerning ...


Child Labor Trafficking In The United States: A Hidden Crime, Katherine Kaufka Walts JD 2017 Center for the Human Rights of Children at Loyola University Chicago

Child Labor Trafficking In The United States: A Hidden Crime, Katherine Kaufka Walts Jd

Center for the Human Rights of Children

Emerging research brings more attention to labor trafficking in the United States. However, very few efforts have been made to better understand or respond to labor trafficking of minors. Cases of children forced to work as domestic servants, in factories, restaurants, peddling candy or other goods, or on farms may not automatically elicit suspicion from an outside observer as compared to a child providing sexual services for money. In contrast to sex trafficking, labor trafficking is often tied to formal economies and industries, which often makes it more difficult to distinguish from ”legitimate” work, including among adolescents. This article seeks ...


Civil Rights Remedies In Higher Education: Jurisprudential Limitations And Lost Moments In Time, Lia Epperson 2017 American University Washington College of Law

Civil Rights Remedies In Higher Education: Jurisprudential Limitations And Lost Moments In Time, Lia Epperson

Lia Epperson

No abstract provided.


The United States As Global Sheriff: Using Unilateral Sanctions To Combat Human Trafficking, Janie Chuang 2017 American University Washington College of Law

The United States As Global Sheriff: Using Unilateral Sanctions To Combat Human Trafficking, Janie Chuang

Janie A Chuang

By situating the U.S. rise to dominance in historical and political context, this Article underscores the significance of U.S. unilateralism for international anti-trafficking law and policy.


Public Law, Private Actors: The Impact Of Human Rights On Business Investors In China Symposium: Doing Business In China, Diane F. Orentlicher, Timothy A. Gelatt 2017 Selected Works

Public Law, Private Actors: The Impact Of Human Rights On Business Investors In China Symposium: Doing Business In China, Diane F. Orentlicher, Timothy A. Gelatt

Diane Orentlicher

Should companies invest at all in countries, like China, where severe human rights abuses are pervasive? If they do invest, should they restrict their operations to areas of the country that have a comparatively good human rights record? Are there basic principles that transnational companies should observe to ensure, at a minimum, that they do not become complicit in a host government's abrogation of universally-recognized human rights? Should such principles be enforced by Executive or congressional fiat, or should companies take primary responsibility for policing themselves? How can companies that wish to factor human rights considerations into their business ...


Guatemala's Peace Accords In A Free Trade Area Of The Americas, Gus Van Harten 2017 Selected Works

Guatemala's Peace Accords In A Free Trade Area Of The Americas, Gus Van Harten

Gus Van Harten

Guatemala was officially "at peace." The last of twelve peace accords had been signed. putting in place a broad mandate for reform to address many of the historical grievances of the country's marginalized and impoverished majority. Real hopes were born that a time of democracy and progressive change had finally arrived in Guatemala, after thirtysix years of terrible conflict. Alongside the internal peace process, Guatemala has taken part in negotiations toward a hemispheric free trade zone, the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA), along with the thirty-three other countries that launched the project in Miami in 1994. Their ...


A Truck Stop Instead Of Saint Peter's: The Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act Is Not Perfect, But It Solves Some Of The Problems Of Sosa And Kiobel, Jonathan S. Tonge 2017 University of Georgia School of Law

A Truck Stop Instead Of Saint Peter's: The Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act Is Not Perfect, But It Solves Some Of The Problems Of Sosa And Kiobel, Jonathan S. Tonge

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Military Use Of Educational Facilities During Armed Conflict: An Evaluation Of The Guidelines For Protecting Schools And Universities From Military Use During Armed Conflict As An Effective Solution, Ashley Ferrelli 2017 University of Georgia School of Law

Military Use Of Educational Facilities During Armed Conflict: An Evaluation Of The Guidelines For Protecting Schools And Universities From Military Use During Armed Conflict As An Effective Solution, Ashley Ferrelli

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Judicial Oversight Of Interception Of Communications In The United Kingdom: An Historical And Comparative Analysis, David G. Barnum 2017 DePaul University

Judicial Oversight Of Interception Of Communications In The United Kingdom: An Historical And Comparative Analysis, David G. Barnum

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Beyond Vulnerability: Refugee Women’S Leadership In Jordan, Widad Hassan 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Beyond Vulnerability: Refugee Women’S Leadership In Jordan, Widad Hassan

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

While both men and women are affected by conflicts and humanitarian crises, 80 percent of the world’s refugees and internally displaced persons are women and children, indicating that women experience conflict and war differently. The emphasis on women’s vulnerability during conflicts and humanitarian crises leads to their exclusion from leadership roles and decision-making on humanitarian programs and issues that impact them. Though women experience numerous socio-cultural barriers to exercising leadership in humanitarian settings, they have taken on important roles in emergency response and in refugee camps. This paper traces the progress of UN and humanitarian agencies recognition and ...


Spectral Bodies: Women's Resistance Across Time In North America, Whitney C. Evanson 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Spectral Bodies: Women's Resistance Across Time In North America, Whitney C. Evanson

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This project contrasts the lived experiences of feminists within the EZLN in Mexico with the historical persecution of community outsiders during the Salem witch trials. I want to explore the differences between a radical political and social movement (the EZLN), and the radical shift in history in which women were accused of witchcraft based on hysteria and rumors. There are parallels between the witch trials and the causes of the Zapatista movement in the ways that women's bodies were treated--their political usefulness to create fear and obedience from citizens by murdering them for their defiance, burying them in shallow ...


The Information Regulation Of Business Actors, Kishanthi Parella 2017 Washington and Lee University School of Law

The Information Regulation Of Business Actors, Kishanthi Parella

Faculty Scholarship

A transnational legal order (TLO) is emerging regarding the role of businesses in respecting human rights. This legal order includes multistakeholder initiatives, international organization recommendations and guidelines, NGO certifications, and other voluntary instruments. Many of the norms within this TLO are nonbinding and therefore lack mandatory compliance; what they may possess is persuasive power, particularly when the norms are developed, endorsed, and managed by reputable organizations. It is that reputational, or legitimacy, advantage that matters for encouraging industry associations to comply with the nonbinding norms associated with these organizations. Industry associations and other business actors will gravitate more towards legitimacy ...


Global Justice In The Anthropocene, Carmen G. Gonzalez 2017 Seattle University

Global Justice In The Anthropocene, Carmen G. Gonzalez

Carmen G. Gonzalez


Scientists believe the world has entered a new geological epoch in which human economic activity is the primary driver of global environmental change. Known as the Anthropocene, this epoch is characterized by human domination and disruption of Earth system processes essential to the planet’s self-regulating capacity. The environmental problems of the Anthropocene are inextricably intertwined with patterns of trade, finance, investment, and production that have created an enormous and growing economic gap between and within affluent and poor countries. These divisions have often paralyzed international law-making, resulting in deadlocks in environmental treaty negotiations and agreements characterized by ambiguity, lack ...


Respecting The “Guardians Of Nature:” Chile’S Violations Of The Diaguita Indigenous People’ Environmental And Human Rights And The Need To Enforce Obligations To Obtain Free, Prior, And Informed Consent, Cynthia Vel 2017 Seattle University School of Law

Respecting The “Guardians Of Nature:” Chile’S Violations Of The Diaguita Indigenous People’ Environmental And Human Rights And The Need To Enforce Obligations To Obtain Free, Prior, And Informed Consent, Cynthia Vel

American Indian Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Don’T Ask Me About My Business: The Mafia’S Exploitation Of The European Migration Crisis, Natalie Cappellazzo 2017 Boston College Law School

Don’T Ask Me About My Business: The Mafia’S Exploitation Of The European Migration Crisis, Natalie Cappellazzo

Boston College International and Comparative Law Review

Old meets new as the Italian mafia capitalizes on the European migration crisis. Beginning with the coordination of Mediterranean voyages and ending with the indefinite exploitation of refugees at mafia-run migrant camps, the mafia has found an opportunity to profit from the crisis at every step of the way. With no end to the constant influx of refugees in sight, and verging on a humanitarian crisis within the camps’ walls, Italy faces a serious problem that requires a multifaceted solution. The Dublin regulations, which mandate registration and application for asylum in the first European Union country of entry, are in ...


Fragmented Wars: Multi-Territorial Military Operations Against Armed Groups, Noam Lubell 2017 University of Essex

Fragmented Wars: Multi-Territorial Military Operations Against Armed Groups, Noam Lubell

International Law Studies

Recent years have seen the emergence of significant legal debate surrounding the use of force against armed groups located in other States. With time, it has become clear that in many cases such operations are not confined to the territory of one other State, but expand to encompass multiple territories and often more than one armed group. This article examines multi-territorial conflicts with armed groups through the lens of several legal frameworks. Among other topics, it analyses the questions surrounding the extension of self-defense into multiple territories, the classification of the hostilities with the group and between involved States, the ...


Space Weapons And The Law, Bill Boothby 2017 U.S. Naval War College

Space Weapons And The Law, Bill Boothby

International Law Studies

Outer space is of vital importance for numerous civilian and military functions in the modern world. The idea of a space weapon involves something used, intended or designed for employment in, to or from outer space to cause injury or damage to the enemy during an armed conflict. Non-injurious, non-damaging space activities that adversely affect enemy military operations or capacity, though not involving the use of weapons, will nevertheless be methods of warfare. Article III of the Outer Space Treaty makes it clear that international law, including weapons law, applies in outer space. Accordingly, the superfluous injury/unnecessary suffering and ...


The Legality And Conduct Of Drone Attacks, Waseem Ahmad Qureshi 2017 Advocate Supreme Court of Pakistan

The Legality And Conduct Of Drone Attacks, Waseem Ahmad Qureshi

Notre Dame Journal of International & Comparative Law

Amid contentions of legality and conduct of drone attacks, this paper explores the legitimacy of drone strikes in Pakistan and whether or not they constitute the “use of force” and an “act of war” under international law. This paper will define jus ad bellum—that is, whether it is justified to use force against non-state actors while also taking into consideration the consent of host states under the laws and regulations of the “use of force” and “self-defense” in the United Nations Charter and customary international law—in the context of armed conflict to discuss the legality of drone strikes ...


The Expanding Scope Of Human Rights In A Technological World — Using The Interamerican Court Of Human Rights To Establish A Minimum Data Protection Standard Across Latin America, Josiah Wolfson 2017 University of Miami Law School

The Expanding Scope Of Human Rights In A Technological World — Using The Interamerican Court Of Human Rights To Establish A Minimum Data Protection Standard Across Latin America, Josiah Wolfson

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

Privacy is a human right that many in the world do not enjoy. The failure of many countries to prioritize privacy through the passage and enforcement of comprehensive data protection laws has left their citizens vulnerable. The Inter-American Court of Human Rights should use its authority to set a minimum data protection standard for its Member States.

This Note discusses the historical development of data protection, the current data protection gap in Latin America, and proposes the role that the Inter-American Court of Human Rights should play in advancing a minimum data protection standard in the region.


Labor Violations In Mexico: Can New Trade Agreements Effectuate Change?, Nicole Downey Moss 2017 University of Miami Law School

Labor Violations In Mexico: Can New Trade Agreements Effectuate Change?, Nicole Downey Moss

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

Child labor and forced labor remain pervasive problems on Mexican farms. Millions of workers on these farms are forced to work and live in inhumane conditions, only to leave the season’s harvest just as poor as they were before. To date, human rights and labor treaties and agreements that Mexico is party to have failed to protect workers. In early 2016, however, negotiations on the Trans-Pacific Partnership (“TPP”) concluded and, if ratified, the party-countries claim that the TPP will hold Mexico to higher standards than previously faced because the TPP will link labor rights with trade law. However, this ...


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