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Security In A Liberal Union: Eu Asylum And Migration Control Policies, Gregor Noll 2017 Selected Works

Security In A Liberal Union: Eu Asylum And Migration Control Policies, Gregor Noll

Gregor Noll


In this contribution I argue that the asylum and migration control policies of the EU are usefully analysed as an expression of liberal thought. I will show how the roots of these policies go all the way back to the creation of the Union in the 50s and illustrate how this heritage affects the prevailing rules in the areas of migration and asylum. I shall also highlight how this order was paradoxically strengthened during the crisis of 2015 and 2016. I will explain why the concept of solidarity in EU law is poorly constructed and map possible solutions. If the ...


Invisible Women: Syrian Victims Of Gender-Based Violence As A Particular Social Group In U.S. Asylum Law, Sarah Dávila-Ruhaak 2017 John Marshall Law School

Invisible Women: Syrian Victims Of Gender-Based Violence As A Particular Social Group In U.S. Asylum Law, Sarah Dávila-Ruhaak

Sarah Dávila-Ruhaak

In the midst of the worst humanitarian crisis of our time, in Syria, we have seen extreme suffering by millions who have been summarily executed, tortured, imprisoned, raped, starved, and bombed with chemical weapons. Specifically, we have seen that women have been the target of gender-based violence in the conflict by and with the acquiescence of the Assad regime forces and by opposition groups. Women have been human shields; hostages for the bargaining of prisoner release; and victims of sexual violence and exploitation, forced marriage, and other forms of violence such as honor killings. This gender-based violence has rendered women ...


Algorithmic Jim Crow, Margaret Hu 2017 Washington and Lee University School of Law

Algorithmic Jim Crow, Margaret Hu

Margaret Hu

This Article contends that current immigration- and security-related vetting protocols risk promulgating an algorithmically driven form of Jim Crow. Under the “separate but equal” discrimination of a historic Jim Crow regime, state laws required mandatory separation and discrimination on the front end, while purportedly establishing equality on the back end. In contrast, an Algorithmic Jim Crow regime allows for “equal but separate” discrimination. Under Algorithmic Jim Crow, equal vetting and database screening of all citizens and noncitizens will make it appear that fairness and equality principles are preserved on the front end. Algorithmic Jim Crow, however, will enable discrimination on ...


Invisible Women: Syrian Victims Of Gender-Based Violence As A Particular Social Group In U.S. Asylum Law, Sarah Dávila-Ruhaak 2017 John Marshall Law School

Invisible Women: Syrian Victims Of Gender-Based Violence As A Particular Social Group In U.S. Asylum Law, Sarah Dávila-Ruhaak

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

In the midst of the worst humanitarian crisis of our time, in Syria, we have seen extreme suffering by millions who have been summarily executed, tortured, imprisoned, raped, starved, and bombed with chemical weapons. Specifically, we have seen that women have been the target of gender-based violence in the conflict by and with the acquiescence of the Assad regime forces and by opposition groups.

Women have been human shields; hostages for the bargaining of prisoner release; and victims of sexual violence and exploitation, forced marriage, and other forms of violence such as honor killings.

This gender-based violence has rendered women ...


Mass Displacement Of Destitute People: A Trigger For Non-Refoulement Protection?, Bernardo de Souza Dantas Fico, Leticia Machado Haertel 2017 InterAmerican Court of Human Rights

Mass Displacement Of Destitute People: A Trigger For Non-Refoulement Protection?, Bernardo De Souza Dantas Fico, Leticia Machado Haertel

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

This paper focuses on two problems around the mass displacement of people in extreme poverty: the characterization of such people as refugees and the application of the non-refoulement principle to mass displacements.

Extreme poverty is causal to grave human rights violations such as deprivation of water, of food, and of an adequate standard of living. These circumstances may reach a degree in which life in a country is unbearable — forcing people to move in order to enhance their likelihood of survival.

The classic understanding of the non-refoulement obligation, as enshrined in the 1951 Refugee Convention, forbids states from returning people ...


There Are No Strangers Among Us: Catholic Social Teachings And U.S. Immigration Law, Terry Coonan 2017 St. John's University School of Law

There Are No Strangers Among Us: Catholic Social Teachings And U.S. Immigration Law, Terry Coonan

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Lin V. United States Department Of Justice: The Circuits Split On The Issue Of Whether Marital Status Is Dispositive Of Asylum Eligibility In The United States For Individuals Who Suffer Persecution Under China's Coercive Family Planning Practices, Sara E. Stewart 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Lin V. United States Department Of Justice: The Circuits Split On The Issue Of Whether Marital Status Is Dispositive Of Asylum Eligibility In The United States For Individuals Who Suffer Persecution Under China's Coercive Family Planning Practices, Sara E. Stewart

Maine Law Review

In Lin v. United States Department of Justice, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit remanded three consolidated appeals to the Board of lmmigration Appeals (BIA) for reconsideration. Petitioners Shi Liang Lin, Xian Zou, and Zhen Hua Dong applied for asylum based on persecution they and their unmarried girlfriends suffered under the coercive family planning practices employed by the People's Republic of China. Retaining jurisdiction over the petitions after re-disposition by the BIA, the Second Circuit demanded that the BIA clarify two issues regarding its interpretation of United States' immigration laws. First, the Second Circuit insisted ...


It’S Time To Open Up The L-1b: How The Emergence Of Open Source Technology Will Impact The L-1b Visa Program, Elizabeth K. Ottman 2017 The Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law

It’S Time To Open Up The L-1b: How The Emergence Of Open Source Technology Will Impact The L-1b Visa Program, Elizabeth K. Ottman

Catholic University Law Review

The L-1 visa program allows multinational companies to transfer both managerial/executive employees and employees who hold “specialized knowledge” to work in the United States. In the Information Technology (IT) industry, it has become increasingly difficult to get workers approved for intra-company transfer due to the way United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) narrowly interprets the definition of specialized knowledge. Although USCIS has issued memoranda that indicate knowledge “need not be proprietary or unique,” in practice, knowledge of proprietary software is the most effective way to prove an employee in the IT industry has specialized knowledge. However, in the ...


The Progressives: Racism And Public Law, Herbert J. Hovenkamp 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

The Progressives: Racism And Public Law, Herbert J. Hovenkamp

Faculty Scholarship

American Progressivism inaugurated the beginning of the end of American scientific racism. Its critics have been vocal, however. Progressives have been charged with promotion of eugenics, and thus with mainstreaming practices such as compulsory housing segregation, sterilization of those deemed unfit, and exclusion of immigrants on racial grounds. But if the Progressives were such racists, why is it that since the 1930s Afro-Americans and other people of color have consistently supported self-proclaimed progressive political candidates, and typically by very wide margins?

When examining the Progressives on race, it is critical to distinguish the views that they inherited from those that ...


Algorithmic Jim Crow, Margaret Hu 2017 Washington and Lee University School of Law

Algorithmic Jim Crow, Margaret Hu

Fordham Law Review

This Article contends that current immigration- and security-related vetting protocols risk promulgating an algorithmically driven form of Jim Crow. Under the “separate but equal” discrimination of a historic Jim Crow regime, state laws required mandatory separation and discrimination on the front end, while purportedly establishing equality on the back end. In contrast, an Algorithmic Jim Crow regime allows for “equal but separate” discrimination. Under Algorithmic Jim Crow, equal vetting and database screening of all citizens and noncitizens will make it appear that fairness and equality principles are preserved on the front end. Algorithmic Jim Crow, however, will enable discrimination on ...


The Antiterrorism And Effective Death Penalty Act Of 1996: An Attempt To Quench Anti-Immigration Sentiments?, Ella Dlin 2017 St. John's University School of Law

The Antiterrorism And Effective Death Penalty Act Of 1996: An Attempt To Quench Anti-Immigration Sentiments?, Ella Dlin

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Refugees And Internally Displaced: A Challenge To Nation-Building, Rebecca M.M. Wallace, Diego Quiroz 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Refugees And Internally Displaced: A Challenge To Nation-Building, Rebecca M.M. Wallace, Diego Quiroz

Maine Law Review

Recent statistics published by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) indicate that there are at least 32.9 million people who are “persons of concern to UNHCR.” This growing population includes “refugees, returnees, [and] stateless and internally displaced persons (IDPs).” Furthermore, it is estimated that there are some “[thirty] states in the world . . . that are at some stage or another along the road to possible failure.” These are weak states beset by invasion, civil war, ethnic rivalry and tribal warfare, or struggling in the wake of any of these catastrophes. Given that 2006 saw a fifty-six percent increase ...


Examining The Board Of Immigration Appeals' Social Visibility Requirement For Victims Of Gang Violence Seeking Asylum, Elyse B. Wilkinson 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Examining The Board Of Immigration Appeals' Social Visibility Requirement For Victims Of Gang Violence Seeking Asylum, Elyse B. Wilkinson

Maine Law Review

Since the late 1990s, Latin America has been plagued by gang violence. The increasingly organized and progressively larger gangs are known as the Mara Salvatrucha 13 (MS-13) and the 18th Street Gang (collectively referred to as the “Mara” in this Comment). These gangs are ubiquitous within certain Latin American countries and pose a serious threat to the economic and social stability of the region. The targets of the Mara are mostly youth between the ages of fifteen and eighteen (but as young as eight), women, and those who decry the gang's violence. Resistance to the Mara has resulted in ...


Travel Ban 3.0: The Hawaii Tro Is Right On The Statute, Peter Margulies 2017 Roger Williams University School of Law

Travel Ban 3.0: The Hawaii Tro Is Right On The Statute, Peter Margulies

Law Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Immigration Reform, Carlos Ortiz Miranda 2017 St. John's University School of Law

Immigration Reform, Carlos Ortiz Miranda

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Whole Other Story: Applying Narrative Mediation To The Immigration Beat, Carol Pauli 2017 Texas A&M University School of Law

Whole Other Story: Applying Narrative Mediation To The Immigration Beat, Carol Pauli

Carol Pauli

If Donald Trump, kicking off his campaign for the White House, was saying “what everyone is thinking,” about illegal immigration, it must be that his message mirrored a narrative that already existed in the minds of his audience. That fearful story of criminals invading the U.S. borders has long been a dominant theme in the mainstream news immigration story. Like all news stories, this one focuses attention on some facts at the expense of others. Like many news stories, it draws its power from earlier, well-known tales — some as old as the Flood. This article recommends that the news ...


Gangs And The Culture Of Violence In El Salvador (What Role Did The Us Play?), Norma Roumie 2017 University of Windsor

Gangs And The Culture Of Violence In El Salvador (What Role Did The Us Play?), Norma Roumie

The Great Lakes Journal of Undergraduate History

Gang violence in El Salvador has resulted in conditions that have perpetuated an environment of terror and culture of violence. This paper aims to understand the emergence of transnational gangs in El Salvador and the US involvement in this process. The article is divided into the following subtitles; 1980s civil war and the repercussions of US involvement, Salvadorans migration to the US and reverse migration (with a focus on Los Angeles and San Salvador), and US exportation of heavy-handed policies to El Salvador’s institutionalized use of political violence. The paper concludes that US involvement in El Salvador created a ...


Ogc Issues Roundtable, Carlos Ortiz Miranda 2017 St. John's University School of Law

Ogc Issues Roundtable, Carlos Ortiz Miranda

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


“I Am Undocumented And A New Yorker”: Affirmative City Citizenship And New York City’S Idnyc Program, Amy C. Torres 2017 Fordham University School of Law

“I Am Undocumented And A New Yorker”: Affirmative City Citizenship And New York City’S Idnyc Program, Amy C. Torres

Fordham Law Review

The power to confer legal citizenship status is possessed solely by the federal government. Yet the courts and legal theorists have demonstrated that citizenship encompasses factors beyond legal status, including rights, inclusion, and political participation. As a result, even legal citizens can face barriers to citizenship, broadly understood, due to factors including their race, class, gender, or disability. Given this multidimensionality, the city, as the place where residents carry out the tasks of their daily lives, is a critical space for promoting elements of citizenship. This Note argues that recent city municipal identification-card programs have created a new form of ...


Update On Legal Relief Options For Unaccompanied Alien Children Following The Enactment Of The William Wilberforce Trafficking Victims Protection, Deborah Lee, Manoj Govindaiah, Angela D. Morrison, David Thronson 2017 Texas A&M University School of Law

Update On Legal Relief Options For Unaccompanied Alien Children Following The Enactment Of The William Wilberforce Trafficking Victims Protection, Deborah Lee, Manoj Govindaiah, Angela D. Morrison, David Thronson

Angela D. Morrison

This practice advisory will discuss recent developments in legal relief for unaccompanied alien children brought about by the enactment of the William Wilberforce Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2008 (P.L. 110-457; “TVPRA”) on December 23, 2008. In addition to expanding protections for trafficking victims generally, the TVPRA made procedural and substantive changes to immigration legal relief for unaccompanied alien children. Specifically, section 235 of the TVPRA increased many protections for unaccompanied alien children seeking relief from removal, including Special Immigrant Juvenile status and asylum. This section of the TVPRA also provides more child-sensitive procedures for those in immigration ...


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