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A Progressive Case For A Universal Transaction Tax, Gary Chartier 2017 University of Maine School of Law

A Progressive Case For A Universal Transaction Tax, Gary Chartier

Maine Law Review

Federal Reserve Board chair Alan Greenspan’s recent call for tax simplification and his acknowledgement of arguments for a consumption tax may help to place the question of such taxes, including a value-added tax (VAT), on the national political agenda. If the possibility of imposing a VAT does receive significant national attention, the debate it occasions will obviously, and appropriately, focus in part on a variety of technical questions. But normative questions will likely be at issue as well. A VAT is like a sales tax, but is applied at each stage in a product’s development and not merely ...


Not Too Salt-Y: The Disparate Federal Income Tax Treatment Of Business And Non-Business State And Local Taxes, Michael S. Knoll 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Not Too Salt-Y: The Disparate Federal Income Tax Treatment Of Business And Non-Business State And Local Taxes, Michael S. Knoll

Faculty Scholarship

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, H.R. 1, would eliminate the federal income tax deduction for nonbusiness state and local taxes while maintaining the deduction for business state and local taxes. That disparate treatment has generated a storm of negative commentary. In this short essay, I consider whether the federal tax law should allow a deduction for business state and local taxes assuming that there is no deduction for nonbusiness state and local taxes. I argue that investors and businesses, including pass-through businesses, should be allowed to deduct state and local property and sales taxes, but not general income ...


Federal Tax Code Restrictions On Church Political Activity, Deirdre Dessingue Halloran, Kevin M. Kearney 2017 St. John's University School of Law

Federal Tax Code Restrictions On Church Political Activity, Deirdre Dessingue Halloran, Kevin M. Kearney

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Letter To Orrin G. Hatch And Ron Wyden On Donor-Advised Funds, Ray D. Madoff, Roger Colinvaux 2017 Boston College Law School

Letter To Orrin G. Hatch And Ron Wyden On Donor-Advised Funds, Ray D. Madoff, Roger Colinvaux

Law School Publications

Letter to Orrin G. Hatch, chairman of the United States Senate Committee on Finance and Ron Wyden, the ranking member of that committee. This letter was a response to a September 6 letter from the representatives of charitable foundations, which in turn responded to a July 17 letter from Madoff and Colinvaux. The subject of the letter is a set of proposed changes, proposed by Madoff and Colinvaux, to the tax code related to donor-advised funds.


Taxation And Doing Business In Indian Country, Erik M. Jensen 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Taxation And Doing Business In Indian Country, Erik M. Jensen

Maine Law Review

Economic development on the lands of the American Indian nations has been spotty at best. Almost everyone knows the great success stories with Indian gaming, which has been furthered by federal legislation, but those economic benefits have not been felt uniformly. Some tribes have prospered because of this peculiarly favored form of enterprise; others have not and, in many cases, probably cannot. Substantial economic development in Indian country will not occur without significant infusions of outside capital, but investment by non-Indian and nongovernmental sources is risky, or is perceived to be so, which leads to the same practical result. This ...


Is Anybody Home? The Relaxation Of The Residency Requirement For Claiming A Qualifying Child Under The Earned Income Tax Credit After Rowe V. Commissioner, Jennifer S. Hamel 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Is Anybody Home? The Relaxation Of The Residency Requirement For Claiming A Qualifying Child Under The Earned Income Tax Credit After Rowe V. Commissioner, Jennifer S. Hamel

Maine Law Review

Cynthia Rowe is currently serving a life sentence in prison for the shooting death of her brother-in-law. While she may have lost her criminal case, at least Rowe came away victorious in the recent Tax Court decision, Rowe v. Commissioner, in which she was awarded the earned income tax credit (EITC) over the objection of the Internal Revenue Service (Service or IRS). Unfortunately, her victory comes at the expense of sound legal analysis and public policy. Despite the efforts of Congress to ensure that the benefit of the EITC is given only to those who need it most by imposing ...


Fdic/Cash Management, David F. Menz, Joseph E. Kane, Thomas Drought 2017 St. John's University School of Law

Fdic/Cash Management, David F. Menz, Joseph E. Kane, Thomas Drought

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Creating Access To Tax Benefits: How Pro Bono Tax Professionals Can Help Low-Income Taxpayers Claim The Earned Income Tax Credit, Kate Leifeld 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Creating Access To Tax Benefits: How Pro Bono Tax Professionals Can Help Low-Income Taxpayers Claim The Earned Income Tax Credit, Kate Leifeld

Maine Law Review

The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) is meant to help low-income, working taxpayers and their families by providing a refundable tax credit. In healthy economic times, the EITC is relied upon to pull low-income taxpayers and their children out of poverty. However, we are facing the toughest economic climate in decades. In September 2009, unemployment was reported to be at 9.7 percent. While the economic outlook has begun to show signs of improvement, the unemployment rate for February 2010 remained at 9.7 percent. Even when improvement starts, the turnaround will not be overnight. In this economic climate, the ...


Business Taxes Reinvented: A Term Sheet, Edward D. Kleinbard 2017 University of Southern California

Business Taxes Reinvented: A Term Sheet, Edward D. Kleinbard

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

This short overview and accompanying term sheet summarize the key features of a proposed comprehensive business tax environment termed the Dual Business Enterprise Income Tax (the Dual BEIT). The term sheet format is a useful mode of presentation for capturing in one accessible document the major policy recommendations of the Dual BEIT (or any other comprehensive tax reform proposal).

This paper makes the case that the Dual BEIT satisfies the objectives of policymakers from both parties for comprehensive business tax reform that can serve as the platform for economic growth while collecting appropriate levels of tax revenue. The arguments are ...


Open Source: The Enewsletter Of Rwu Law 09-22-2017, Roger Williams University School of Law 2017 Roger Williams University

Open Source: The Enewsletter Of Rwu Law 09-22-2017, Roger Williams University School Of Law

Life of the Law School (1993- )

No abstract provided.


From Student-Athletes To Employee-Athletes: Why A "Pay For Play" Model Of College Sports Would Not Necessarily Make Educational Scholarships Taxable, Marc Edelman 2017 City University of New York

From Student-Athletes To Employee-Athletes: Why A "Pay For Play" Model Of College Sports Would Not Necessarily Make Educational Scholarships Taxable, Marc Edelman

Boston College Law Review

In recent years, numerous commentators have called for the National Collegiate Athletic Association (“NCAA”) to relax its rules prohibiting athlete pay. This movement to allow athletes to share in the revenues of college sports arises from the belief that college athletes sacrifice too much time, personal autonomy, and physical health to justify their lack of pay. It further criticizes the NCAA’s “no pay” rules for keeping the revenues derived from college sports “in the hands of a select few administrators, athletic directors, and coaches.” Nevertheless, opponents of “pay for play” contend that several problems will emerge from lifting the ...


Federal Tuition Tax Credits And The Establishment Clause: A Constitutional Analysis, David J. Young, Steven W. Tigges 2017 St. John's University School of Law

Federal Tuition Tax Credits And The Establishment Clause: A Constitutional Analysis, David J. Young, Steven W. Tigges

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Letter To Orrin G. Hatch And Ron Wyden On Donor-Advised Funds, Douglas Kridler, Vikki Spruill, Dan Cardinali, Adam Meyerson 2017 The Columbus Foundation

Letter To Orrin G. Hatch And Ron Wyden On Donor-Advised Funds, Douglas Kridler, Vikki Spruill, Dan Cardinali, Adam Meyerson

Law School Publications

Letter written on the behalf of a number of philanthropic and community foundations to Orrin G. Hatch, chairman of the United States Senate Committee on Finance and Ron Wyden, the ranking member of that committee. The letter was written in response to the July 17 letter by Ray Madoff and Roger Colinvaux, which advocated for changes in the tax code related to donor-advised funds. This letter argues against the changes suggested by Madoff and Colinvaux.


Tax Exemptions Of Private Schools - The Impact Of Internal Revenue Service Proposals On The Catholic School System, John S. Nolan, Miller and Chevalier, Washington, D.C. 2017 St. John's University School of Law

Tax Exemptions Of Private Schools - The Impact Of Internal Revenue Service Proposals On The Catholic School System, John S. Nolan, Miller And Chevalier, Washington, D.C.

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Update On Unemployment Compensation, Thomas A. Rayer, Denechaud & Denechaud, New Orleans, Louisiana 2017 St. John's University School of Law

Update On Unemployment Compensation, Thomas A. Rayer, Denechaud & Denechaud, New Orleans, Louisiana

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


The Negative Capital Account Maze, Walter D. Schwidetzky 2017 University of Baltimore School of Law

The Negative Capital Account Maze, Walter D. Schwidetzky

All Faculty Scholarship

Outside Hubert I and Hubert II, there has been little discussion of negative capital accounts in the tax context and almost no discussion in the nontax context. Nontax law, however, is critically important. This report provides an integrated discussion of the application of tax and nontax law to negative capital accounts.

One of the challenges in writing this report is that it requires a discussion of both the at-risk rules of section 465 and the debt allocation rules of section 752. Complex issues involving sections 465 and 752 and their interaction are worthy of their own articles. Indeed, others have ...


The Tax Treatment Of Tokens: What Does It Betoken?, David J. Shakow 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

The Tax Treatment Of Tokens: What Does It Betoken?, David J. Shakow

Faculty Scholarship

Digital tokens have been used to raise substantial amounts of money. But little attention has been paid to the tax consequences surrounding their issuance and sale. There are significant potential tax liabilities lurking in the use of digital tokens. But, because of the anonymity inherent in the blockchain structures used for the issuance of tokens and payments for them, there is a significant question as to whether those tax liabilities will ever be collected.


The Tax Lives Of Uber Drivers: Evidence From Online Forums, Diane M. Ring, Shu-Yi Oei 2017 Boston College Law School

The Tax Lives Of Uber Drivers: Evidence From Online Forums, Diane M. Ring, Shu-Yi Oei

Shu-Yi Oei

In this Article, we investigate the tax issues and challenges facing Uber and Lyft drivers by studying their online interactions in three internet discussion forums: Reddit.com, Uberpeople.net, and Intuit TurboTax AnswerXchange. Using descriptive statistics and content analysis, we examine (1) the substantive tax concerns facing forum participants, (2) how taxes affect their driving and profitability decisions, and (3) the degree of user sophistication, accuracy of legal advising, and other cultural features of the forums.

We find that while forum participants displayed generally accurate understandings of tax filing and income inclusion obligations, their approaches to expenses and deductions were ...


Letter To Orrin G. Hatch On Donor-Advised Funds, Ray D. Madoff, Roger Colinvaux 2017 Boston College Law School

Letter To Orrin G. Hatch On Donor-Advised Funds, Ray D. Madoff, Roger Colinvaux

Law School Publications

Letter advising Orrin G. Hatch, Chairman of the United States Senate Committee on Finance, to consider reforms in the treatment of donor-advised funds under the tax code.


A Practical Solution To The Marriage Penalty, Margaret Ryznar 2017 Pepperdine University

A Practical Solution To The Marriage Penalty, Margaret Ryznar

Pepperdine Law Review

In the federal income tax code, there is a marriage penalty resulting from tax brackets that do not double upon marriage. This marriage penalty persists despite universal condemnation of it, penalizing a significant portion of married women who work and many same-sex couples. This Article proposes a novel way to deal with this marriage penalty by creating a filing status for dual income couples that earn an amount within a particular percentage of each other. This filing status would be the same as the current married filing status, except it would double the rates of single filers by accommodating two ...


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