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10 Observations Concerning International Tax Policy, Daniel Shaviro 2016 NYU School of Law

10 Observations Concerning International Tax Policy, Daniel Shaviro

New York University Law and Economics Working Papers

This is a slightly revised version of a lunch talk that the author gave at the National Tax Association’s 46th Annual Spring Symposium on May 12. It addresses, among other topics, why there is so little consensus regarding international tax policy, and what lessons we learn from the recent wave of inversions by U.S. companies.


Permitting Abused Spouses To Claim The Earned Income Tax Credit In Separate Returns, Fred B. Brown 2016 College of William & Mary Law School

Permitting Abused Spouses To Claim The Earned Income Tax Credit In Separate Returns, Fred B. Brown

William & Mary Journal of Women and the Law

No abstract provided.


Proposed Regulatory Change Of Treatment Of A Guaranteed Payment From A Partnership To A Partner, Douglas A. Kahn 2016 University of Michigan Law School

Proposed Regulatory Change Of Treatment Of A Guaranteed Payment From A Partnership To A Partner, Douglas A. Kahn

Michigan Business & Entrepreneurial Law Review

A partnership pays no federal income tax. Instead, its income, deductions, and credits are allocated among its partners at the end of its taxable year. A partnership’s distribution of cash or property in kind to a partner will be characterized as one of three distinct transactions, each of which has its own tax consequences.


Taxing Sales Of Depreciable Assets, James R. Hines Jr. 2016 University of Michigan Law School

Taxing Sales Of Depreciable Assets, James R. Hines Jr.

Michigan Business & Entrepreneurial Law Review

Investors in depreciable assets used in a trade or business claim depreciation deductions following investment, and upon sale or other disposition of their assets are taxed on gain or loss equal to differences between amounts realized and adjusted basis. The taxation of these realized gains and losses is asymmetric: losses are deductible against ordinary income, whereas a portion of the gain on sales of personal property, and virtually all gains on sales of real property, are taxed at more favorable capital gain tax rates. Evidence from U.S. tax returns in 2012 indicates that the aggregate annual magnitude of the ...


What We Talk About When We Talk About Tax Complexity, Andrea Monroe 2016 Temple University

What We Talk About When We Talk About Tax Complexity, Andrea Monroe

Michigan Business & Entrepreneurial Law Review

I learned most of what I know about being a lawyer, a teacher, and a scholar from Professor Douglas Kahn. For four months in the spring of 1997, Doug mesmerized and terrified me in the class that I feared would be my academic downfall—Partnership Taxation. In the years that followed, Doug has been a mentor and friend, encouraging and supporting me at every stage of my professional career. And my experience is not unique: Doug has inspired generations of law students in just the same way. There is no adequate way to thank Doug for everything he has given ...


Book Review: International Tax Planning. By Barry Spitz. London, England: Butterworth & Co. Ltd., 1972. Pp. Xxiii, 159. $12.15 (U.S.)., Donald O. Clark 2016 McClain, Mellen, Bowling & Hickman

Book Review: International Tax Planning. By Barry Spitz. London, England: Butterworth & Co. Ltd., 1972. Pp. Xxiii, 159. $12.15 (U.S.)., Donald O. Clark

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Why Does Inequality Matter? Reflections On The Political Morality Of Piketty's Capital In The Twenty-First Century, Liam B. Murphy 2016 NYU School of Law

Why Does Inequality Matter? Reflections On The Political Morality Of Piketty's Capital In The Twenty-First Century, Liam B. Murphy

New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers

In the Conclusion to Capital in the Twenty-First Century Thomas Piketty issues a call for a political and historical economics. Like Marx and the political economists before him, Piketty is interested in how markets work because he is interested in the rights and wrongs of institutional, especially legal, design. His is book is guided by a clear sense that economic inequality, especially inequality of wealth, raises serious prima facie problems of social justice. This essay is a critical investigation into the political morality underlying Capital in the Twenty-First Century that unravels and evaluates the different ways in which economic inequality ...


Why Does Inequality Matter? Reflections On The Political Morality Of Piketty's Capital In The Twenty-First Century, Liam B. Murphy 2016 NYU School of Law

Why Does Inequality Matter? Reflections On The Political Morality Of Piketty's Capital In The Twenty-First Century, Liam B. Murphy

New York University Law and Economics Working Papers

In the Conclusion to Capital in the Twenty-First Century Thomas Piketty issues a call for a political and historical economics. Like Marx and the political economists before him, Piketty is interested in how markets work because he is interested in the rights and wrongs of institutional, especially legal, design. His is book is guided by a clear sense that economic inequality, especially inequality of wealth, raises serious prima facie problems of social justice. This essay is a critical investigation into the political morality underlying Capital in the Twenty-First Century that unravels and evaluates the different ways in which economic inequality ...


A Wealth Tax: Taxing The Estates Of The Living, David J. Shakow 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School

A Wealth Tax: Taxing The Estates Of The Living, David J. Shakow

Boston College Law Review

It has now been one hundred years since the passage of the first estate tax, and since that time the size and complexity of the federal tax system has only continued to grow. In the face of that complexity it is worthwhile for the United States to begin considering alternatives. Do we continue with our system of income and consumption taxation, or do we turn to a wealth tax? A wealth tax is sometimes criticized as being too complex, but there are reasons to suggest it is no more complex than our current system—and possibly even less complex. When ...


Alternatives To The Gift And Estate Tax, David G. Duff 2016 University of British Columbia Peter A. Allard School of Law

Alternatives To The Gift And Estate Tax, David G. Duff

Boston College Law Review

Following the near-death experience of the federal gift and estate tax in 2010, the hundredth anniversary of the tax represents an ideal moment to reflect on the role of this tax and whether an alternative approach might be more desirable and sustainable. This Article examines four prominent alternatives to the current tax: an annual wealth tax, taxing unrealized gains at death, including gifts and inheritances in income, and a lifetime accessions tax that would apply to the cumulative value of gifts and inheritances received by individuals over their lifetimes. In order to assess these alternatives, the Article reconsiders the reasons ...


Valuation, Values, Norms: Proposals For Estate And Gift Tax Reform, Bridget J. Crawford 2016 Pace University Elisabeth Haub School of Law

Valuation, Values, Norms: Proposals For Estate And Gift Tax Reform, Bridget J. Crawford

Boston College Law Review

In their contributions to this Symposium, Professor Joseph Dodge, Professor Wendy Gerzog, and Professor Kerry Ryan offer concrete proposals for improving the existing estate and gift tax system. Professor Dodge and Professor Gerzog are especially interested in accuracy in valuation, and advance specific proposals with respect to split-interest transfers and family limited partnerships. Professor Dodge makes an additional proposal to improve the generation-skipping transfer tax system, an understudied area of the law. Professor Gerzog’s Symposium contribution draws particular attention to the legal fiction on which the estate and gift tax marital deductions rely. She would restrict the availability of ...


Considering Alternatives: Are There Methods Other Than The Estate And Gift Tax That Could Better Address Problems Associated With Wealth Concentration?, Ray D. Madoff 2016 Boston College Law School

Considering Alternatives: Are There Methods Other Than The Estate And Gift Tax That Could Better Address Problems Associated With Wealth Concentration?, Ray D. Madoff

Boston College Law Review

This Commentary analyzes three articles generated from the Symposium “The Centennial of the Estate and Gift Tax: Perspectives and Recommendations,” held on October 2, 2015 at Boston College Law School. This Commentary explores the underlying purpose of the estate and gift tax: eliminating wealth inequality. It then considers the three articles’ proposed alternative tax systems—namely an accession tax and a wealth tax—that could more adequately address the problem of wealth concentration, and evaluates the merits of each.


For Tax Day, A Simpler And Better Way, David J. Herzig 2016 Valparaiso University

For Tax Day, A Simpler And Better Way, David J. Herzig

David J. Herzig

No abstract provided.


The Enigma Of Wynne, Edward A. Zelinsky 2016 College of William & Mary Law School

The Enigma Of Wynne, Edward A. Zelinsky

William & Mary Business Law Review

The five-justice Wynne majority used that case to make a major statement about the dormant Commerce Clause. In many respects, Wynne is an enigma that perpetuates an inherent problem of the Court’s dormant Commerce Clause doctrine: the Court declares some ill-defined taxes as unconstitutionally discriminatory because they encourage in-state investment, while other economically equivalent taxes and government programs that similarly encourage intrastate economic activity are apparently acceptable under the dormant Commerce Clause.

Wynne is thus more important than the immediate situation it addresses, and will have consequences beyond the immediate circumstances it addresses. A decision as enigmatic as it ...


Words Of Wisdom From The Founding Fathers: Why The Internal Revenue Service Should Let Churches Be, Sophia Benavides 2016 Pepperdine University

Words Of Wisdom From The Founding Fathers: Why The Internal Revenue Service Should Let Churches Be, Sophia Benavides

Journal of the National Association of Administrative Law Judiciary

Part I of this comment will explore the foundations of the First Amendment, as the Constitution is a framework on which the United States continues to rest. An examination of the events contributing and leading to the drafting of the Constitution will illuminate the rationale behind the tenets put forth by the Founding Fathers. More specifically, this comment will devote emphasis to the Founding Fathers’ objectives regarding the state in relation to religion. This emphasis will provide insight into the perspective of the Founders at the time of drafting the First Amendment. Furthermore, this section will illustrate how the separation ...


Location, Location, Location: Using Cost Of Living To Achieve Tax Equity, James M. Puckett 2016 Penn State Law

Location, Location, Location: Using Cost Of Living To Achieve Tax Equity, James M. Puckett

James Puckett

All other things being equal, the federal income tax ignores whether the taxpayer lives in a relatively affordable or expensive location. This approach can lead to unfairness; moreover, special deductions for the taxpayer’s actual living expenses, such as home mortgage interest and state and local taxes, do not solve the problem. Tax law scholars have generally been quick to dismiss the equity issues based on assumptions about taxpayer mobility. The existing literature would tax comparable workers equally, regardless of salary and living costs. This approach would unfairly equate differently situated workers. This Article questions the assumption of taxpayer mobility ...


Tax Treaties-Reciprocal Exchange Of Information-Summons Power Contained In Irc Section 7602 May Be Used To Obtain Information From Domestic Sources For Use By Canadian Authorities In Investigating The Canadian Tax Liability Of A Canadian Company, Tim J. Floyd 2016 University of Georgia School of Law

Tax Treaties-Reciprocal Exchange Of Information-Summons Power Contained In Irc Section 7602 May Be Used To Obtain Information From Domestic Sources For Use By Canadian Authorities In Investigating The Canadian Tax Liability Of A Canadian Company, Tim J. Floyd

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Timing Of Tax Transparency, Joshua D. Blank 2016 NYU School of Law

The Timing Of Tax Transparency, Joshua D. Blank

New York University Law and Economics Working Papers

Fairness in the administration of the tax law is the subject of intense debate in the United States. As recent headlines reveal, the Internal Revenue Service has been accused of failing to enforce the tax law equitably in its review of tax-exempt status applications by political organizations, the international tax structures of multinational corporations, and the estate tax returns of millionaires, among other areas. Many have argued that greater “tax transparency” would better empower the public to hold the IRS accountable and the IRS to defend itself against accusations of malfeasance. Mandatory public disclosure of taxpayers’ tax return information is ...


Simplexity: Plain Language And The Tax Law, Joshua D. Blank, Leigh Osofsky 2016 NYU School of Law

Simplexity: Plain Language And The Tax Law, Joshua D. Blank, Leigh Osofsky

New York University Law and Economics Working Papers

In recent years, federal government agencies have increasingly attempted to use plain language in written communications with the public. The Plain Writing Act of 2010, for instance, requires agencies to incorporate “clear and simple” explanations of rules and regulations into their official publications. In the tax context, as part of its “customer service” mission, the Internal Revenue Service bears a “duty to explain” the tax law to hundreds of millions of taxpayers who file tax returns each year. Proponents of the plain language movement have heralded this form of communication as leading to simplicity in tax compliance, more equitable access ...


Transfer Pricing Challenges In The Cloud, Orly Mazur 2016 Southern Methodist University Dedman School of Law

Transfer Pricing Challenges In The Cloud, Orly Mazur

Boston College Law Review

Cloud computing has fundamentally changed how companies operate. Companies have quickly adapted by moving their businesses to the cloud, but international tax standards have failed to follow suit. As a result, taxpayers and tax administrations confront significant tax challenges in applying outdated tax principles to this new environment. One particular area that raises perplexing tax issues is the transfer pricing rules. The transfer pricing rules set forth the intercompany price a cloud service provider must charge an affiliate using its cloud services, which ultimately affects the determination of the jurisdiction in which the company’s profits are taxed. This Article ...


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