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Hassle, Jane Bambauer 2015 University of Arizona James E Rogers College of Law

Hassle, Jane Bambauer

Michigan Law Review

Before police perform a search or seizure, they typically must meet the probable cause or reasonable suspicion standard. Moreover, even if they meet the appropriate standard, their evidence must be individualized to the suspect and cannot rely on purely probabilistic inferences. Scholars and courts have long defended the distinction between individualized and purely probabilistic evidence, but existing theories of individualization fail to articulate principles that are descriptively accurate or normatively desirable. They overlook the only benefit that the individualization requirement can offer: reducing hassle. Hassle measures the chance that an innocent person will experience a search or seizure. Because some ...


Managing Cyberthreat, Lawrence J. Trautman 2015 Entrepreneur & Professional Corporate Director

Managing Cyberthreat, Lawrence J. Trautman

Lawrence J. Trautman Sr.

Cyber security is an important strategic and governance issue. However, because most corporate CEOs and directors have no formal engineering or information technology training, it is understandable that their lack of actual cybersecurity knowledge is problematic. Particularly among smaller companies having limited resources, knowledge regarding what their enterprise should actually be doing about cybersecurity can’t be all that good.

My goal in this article is to explore the unusually complex subject of cybersecurity in a highly readable manner. First, an examination of recent threats is provided. Next, governmental policy initiatives are discussed. Third, some basic tools that can be ...


Structural Reform Litigation In American Police Departments, Stephen Rushin 2015 University of Illinois College of Law

Structural Reform Litigation In American Police Departments, Stephen Rushin

Stephen Rushin

In 1994, Congress passed 42 U.S.C. §14141, a statute authorizing the Attorney General to seek equitable relief against local and state police agencies that are engaged in a pattern or practice of unconstitutional misconduct. Although police departments in some of the nation’s largest cities have now undergone this sort of structural reform litigation, there has been little empirical research on the topic. Drawing on original interviews, court documents, statistical data, and media reports, this Article describes the federal government’s use of structural reform litigation in American police departments and theorizes on its effectiveness. It argues that ...


Confronting Cops In Immigration Court, Mary Holper 2015 Boston College

Confronting Cops In Immigration Court, Mary Holper

Mary Holper

Immigration judges routinely use police reports to make life-altering decisions in noncitizens’ lives. The word of the police officer prevents a detainee from being released on bond, leads to negative discretionary decisions in relief from removal, and can prove that a past crime fits within a ground of removability. Yet the police officers who write these reports rarely step foot in immigration court; immigration judges rely on the hearsay document to make such critical decisions. This practice is especially troubling when the same police reports cannot be used against the noncitizen in a criminal case without the officer testifying, due ...


Arrests As Regulation, Eisha Jain 2015 Georgetown University Law Center

Arrests As Regulation, Eisha Jain

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

For some arrested individuals, the most important consequences of their arrest arise outside the criminal justice system. Arrests alone—regardless of whether they result in conviction—can lead to a range of consequences, including deportation, eviction, license suspension, custody disruption, or adverse employment actions. But even as courts, scholars, and others have drawn needed attention to the civil consequences of criminal convictions, they have paid relatively little attention to the consequences of arrests in their own right. This article aims to fill that gap by providing an account of how arrests are systemically used outside the criminal justice system. Noncriminal ...


Apellate Division, Third Department, People V. Kelley, Elyssa Lane 2014 Touro College Jacob D. Fuchsberg Law Center

Apellate Division, Third Department, People V. Kelley, Elyssa Lane

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


Court Of Appeals Of New York, People V. Johnson, Denise Shanley 2014 Touro College Jacob D. Fuchsberg Law Center

Court Of Appeals Of New York, People V. Johnson, Denise Shanley

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


Everyone Forgets About The Third Amendment: Exploring The Implications On Third Amendment Case Law Of Extending Its Prohibitions To Include Actions By State Police Officers, Samantha A. Lovin 2014 College of William & Mary Law School

Everyone Forgets About The Third Amendment: Exploring The Implications On Third Amendment Case Law Of Extending Its Prohibitions To Include Actions By State Police Officers, Samantha A. Lovin

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


What We Should Learn From Garner And Ferguson Cases, Jeffrey Bellin 2014 William & Mary Law School

What We Should Learn From Garner And Ferguson Cases, Jeffrey Bellin

Popular Media

No abstract provided.


Forgotten Women: Incarceration And Health Concerns Of Minority Women, Chaundra L. Whitehead, Regina McDade, Mary Mites-Campbell 2014 Florida International University

Forgotten Women: Incarceration And Health Concerns Of Minority Women, Chaundra L. Whitehead, Regina Mcdade, Mary Mites-Campbell

South Florida Education Research Conference

Paper Presentation


Lethal Injection Secrecy And Eighth Amendment Due Process , Eric Berger 2014 University of Nebraska College of Law

Lethal Injection Secrecy And Eighth Amendment Due Process , Eric Berger

Boston College Law Review

The U.S. Supreme Court has held that death row inmates possess an Eighth Amendment right protecting them against execution methods posing a substantial risk of serious harm. Despite the clear existence of this liberty interest, lower federal courts have repeatedly denied inmates’ requests to know important details of the lethal injection procedure the state plans to use. This Article argues that the Eighth Amendment includes an implicit due process right to know such information about the state’s planned method of execution. Without this information, inmates cannot protect their Eighth Amendment right against an excruciating execution, because the state ...


Extradition Treaties - International Law - The United States Supreme Court Approves Extraterritorial Abduction Of Foreign Criminals - United States V. Alvarez-Machain, 112 S. Ct. 2188 (1992), Michael R. Wing 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Extradition Treaties - International Law - The United States Supreme Court Approves Extraterritorial Abduction Of Foreign Criminals - United States V. Alvarez-Machain, 112 S. Ct. 2188 (1992), Michael R. Wing

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Routine Torture Practices Of The Saudi Arabian Government As "Commercial Activity" Within The Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act Of 1976 In The Wake Of Saudi Arabia V. Nelson, 113 S. Ct. 1471 (1993)., Keith D. Bodoh 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

The Routine Torture Practices Of The Saudi Arabian Government As "Commercial Activity" Within The Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act Of 1976 In The Wake Of Saudi Arabia V. Nelson, 113 S. Ct. 1471 (1993)., Keith D. Bodoh

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Police, State Security Forces And Constitutionalism Of Human Rights In Zambia, Charles Mwalimu 2014 Law Library, Library of Congress

Police, State Security Forces And Constitutionalism Of Human Rights In Zambia, Charles Mwalimu

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Security Council Comes Of Age: An Analysis Of The International Legal Response To The Iraqi Invasion Of Kuwait, Christopher John Sabec 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

The Security Council Comes Of Age: An Analysis Of The International Legal Response To The Iraqi Invasion Of Kuwait, Christopher John Sabec

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Navigating The Rock And The Whirlpool: Managing Critical Incident Investigations And Garrity, Joseph R. Sullivan 2014 Gonzaga University

Navigating The Rock And The Whirlpool: Managing Critical Incident Investigations And Garrity, Joseph R. Sullivan

Joseph R Sullivan

This article presents a best practice model for managing officer-involved shooting or other critical incident investigations on behalf of the officer; one that protects the officer’s legal interests and still preserves the most accurate factual information for investigators. Section I details the causes and effects of critical incident amnesia as it relates to officer-involved shootings. Section II analyzes the relationship between a public employee’s Fifth Amendment privilege against self-incrimination and a public employer’s ability to compel work related statements. Section III discusses the practical implications and aftermath of an officer-involved shooting or other critical incident and section ...


Human Rights - Haitian Refugees - Haitian Refugees Housed At Guantanamo Bay Naval Base Held To Have No Valid Constitutional Or International Law Claims To Challenge Forced Repatriation By The U.S. Government. Haitian Refugee Center V. Baker, 953 F.2d 1498 (11th Cir. 1992), Cert. Denied, 112 S.Ct. 1245 (1992)., Jason A. Golden 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Human Rights - Haitian Refugees - Haitian Refugees Housed At Guantanamo Bay Naval Base Held To Have No Valid Constitutional Or International Law Claims To Challenge Forced Repatriation By The U.S. Government. Haitian Refugee Center V. Baker, 953 F.2d 1498 (11th Cir. 1992), Cert. Denied, 112 S.Ct. 1245 (1992)., Jason A. Golden

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Extradition Proceedings Against General Augusto Pinochet: Is Justice Being Met Under International Law?, Anita C. Johnson 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

The Extradition Proceedings Against General Augusto Pinochet: Is Justice Being Met Under International Law?, Anita C. Johnson

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


School Shootings And Principals' Perception Of Armed Personnel In An Education Setting, Richard Reyes 2014 Seton Hall University

School Shootings And Principals' Perception Of Armed Personnel In An Education Setting, Richard Reyes

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

The purpose of this study was to explore the dilemma principals have in determining the best approach to provide safe environment for their students and faculty, while at the same time creating an environment that is conducive to education.

The study looked at an urban school district with a marginalized community with low socioeconomic status as identified by the District Factor Group A. Twelve school principals were interviewed to gather information of their perceptions in relation to having armed personnel in their schools.

The literature on school shootings and armed personnel in schools was reviewed. The literature consisted of peer-reviewed ...


International Extradition Of Mexican Narcotics Traffickers: Prospects And Pitfalls For The New Millennium, Rishi Hingoraney 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

International Extradition Of Mexican Narcotics Traffickers: Prospects And Pitfalls For The New Millennium, Rishi Hingoraney

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


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