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Let’S Go To The Beach: Gender Segregation As A Tool To Accommodate Religious Minorities, Sarah Gibbons 2021 Chicago-Kent College of Law

Let’S Go To The Beach: Gender Segregation As A Tool To Accommodate Religious Minorities, Sarah Gibbons

Chicago-Kent Law Review

No abstract provided.


Tinjauan Kawin Hamil Dalam Perspektif Hukum Islam, Fahrul Fauzi 2021 Universitas Indonesia

Tinjauan Kawin Hamil Dalam Perspektif Hukum Islam, Fahrul Fauzi

Journal of Islamic Law Studies

Marriage is a spiritual bond between a man and a woman as husband and wife with the aim of forming a happy and eternal family (household) based on the Godhead of the Almighty. Basically, in the opinion of some scholars from the origin of the law of marriage if connected with al-ahkam al-khamsah is permissibility or ibahah. But marriage as a condition to meet the needs of physical life (biological needs) is often bypassed. The fact that there is currently increasingly widespread premarital sex. One of the effects of premarital sex is pregnant out of wedlock. The practice in Indonesia ...


Perkawinan Dalam Hukum Adat Baduy Dan Perkawinan Dalam Kompilasi Hukum Islam, Muhammad Muslih 2021 Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa

Perkawinan Dalam Hukum Adat Baduy Dan Perkawinan Dalam Kompilasi Hukum Islam, Muhammad Muslih

Journal of Islamic Law Studies

This research explains about marriage regulated in Baduy traditional law and marriage regulated in Islamic Law Compilation (KHI).

This research uses the Normative Sociological and Juridical Empirical research methods. This research is descriptive analytical and uses Primary Data Sources and Secondary Data Sources. Sources of data used were obtained from Library Research. Interviews of the Baduy community and field observations to the Baduy area were also carried out to obtain the data needed for this research.

The results of this study indicate that there are many differences between the existing marriage regulations in Baduy customary law and the marriage regulations ...


Pendekatan Konsep Ta’Awun Dalam Siyar Terhadap Konflik Tumpang Tindih Kedaulatan Wilayah Udara Dan Flight Information Region: Alternatif Penyelesaian Kasus Tumpang Tindih Wilyah Udara Indonesia Dan Flight Information Region Singapura, Djarot Dimas Achmad Andaru 2021 Universitas Indonesia

Pendekatan Konsep Ta’Awun Dalam Siyar Terhadap Konflik Tumpang Tindih Kedaulatan Wilayah Udara Dan Flight Information Region: Alternatif Penyelesaian Kasus Tumpang Tindih Wilyah Udara Indonesia Dan Flight Information Region Singapura, Djarot Dimas Achmad Andaru

Journal of Islamic Law Studies

Islamic law as a law that applies universally, has governed relations between people and between state institutions that cross national borders. One of the principles of international law or Siyar in Islam is the principle of ta'awun, which is a principle of cooperation or help between countries to achieve common good. Conflicts of interest in overlapping air sovereignty territories and the Flight Information Region between Indonesia and Singapore are one example of the disharmony of the practice of modern international cooperation in the management of air and air navigation safety, which is based on an instrument of international cooperation ...


Pemungutan Dan Pendistribusian Dana Zakat Di Provinsi Banten Menurut Undang-Undang Nomor 23 Tahun 2011 Tentang Pengelolaan Zakat, Palmawati Tahir 2021 Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa

Pemungutan Dan Pendistribusian Dana Zakat Di Provinsi Banten Menurut Undang-Undang Nomor 23 Tahun 2011 Tentang Pengelolaan Zakat, Palmawati Tahir

Journal of Islamic Law Studies

No abstract provided.


Analisis Praktik Akad Ijarah Muntahiyah Bi Al-Tamlik Dalam Lembaga Pembiayaan Syariah Di Indonesia, Nunung Rodliyah, Ledy Famulia, Ade Oktariatas K 2021 Universitas Lampung

Analisis Praktik Akad Ijarah Muntahiyah Bi Al-Tamlik Dalam Lembaga Pembiayaan Syariah Di Indonesia, Nunung Rodliyah, Ledy Famulia, Ade Oktariatas K

Journal of Islamic Law Studies

Awareness of muslims as a people the majority of the population to behave in islamic is one reason the development of syariah banking in indonesia. Significantly, in defending its existence, islamic banking industry continued to innovation for shariah products, in accordance with society development one of the Islamic banking products is ijarah muntahiyah bi al-tamlik. The ijarah muntahiyah bi al-tamlik contract is one of the relatively new contracts, because it combines several types of contracts in a contract.

For some of these reasons, the authors are interested in discussing more about the legal aspects of the ijarah muntahiyah bi al-tamlik ...


In Contracts We Trust (And No One Can Change Their Mind)! There Should Be No Special Treatment For Religious Arbitration, Michael J. Broyde, Alexa J. Windsor 2021 Pepperdine University

In Contracts We Trust (And No One Can Change Their Mind)! There Should Be No Special Treatment For Religious Arbitration, Michael J. Broyde, Alexa J. Windsor

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

No abstract provided.


The Expansive Scope Of The Ministerial Exception After Our Lady Of Guadalupe School V. Morrissey-Berru, Allison R. Ferraris 2021 Boston College Law School

The Expansive Scope Of The Ministerial Exception After Our Lady Of Guadalupe School V. Morrissey-Berru, Allison R. Ferraris

Boston College Law Review

On July 8th, 2020, the United States Supreme Court held in Our Lady of Guadalupe School v. Morrissey-Berru that two parochial school teachers, Kristen Biel and Agnes-Morrissey-Berru, were ministers for purposes of the First Amendment’s ministerial exception. This meant that the First Amendment barred their respective employment discrimination actions notwithstanding the merit of their claims. When the Court first recognized the ministerial exception in 2012, in Hosanna-Tabor Evangelical Lutheran Church & School v. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, it determined that an employee qualified as a minister through a multi-factor, totality of the circumstances analysis. Yet, in reaching its conclusion in ...


Self-Determination In American Discourse: The Supreme Court’S Historical Indoctrination Of Free Speech And Expression, Jarred Williams 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Self-Determination In American Discourse: The Supreme Court’S Historical Indoctrination Of Free Speech And Expression, Jarred Williams

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Within the American criminal legal system, it is a well-established practice to presume the innocence of those charged with criminal offenses unless proven guilty beyond a reasonable doubt. Such a judicial framework-like approach, called a legal maxim, is utilized in order to ensure that the law is applied and interpreted in ways that legislative bodies originally intended.

The central aim of this piece in relation to the First Amendment of the United States Constitution is to investigate whether the Supreme Court of the United States has utilized a specific legal maxim within cases that dispute government speech or expression regulation ...


Kū Kia‘I Mauna: Protecting Indigenous Religious Rights, Joshua Rosenberg 2021 University of Washington School of Law

Kū Kia‘I Mauna: Protecting Indigenous Religious Rights, Joshua Rosenberg

Washington Law Review

Courts historically side with private interests at the expense of Indigenous religious rights. Continuing this trend, the Hawai‘i State Supreme Court allowed the Thirty- Meter-Telescope to be built atop Maunakea, a mountain sacred to Native Hawaiians. This decision led to a mass protest that was organized by Native Hawaiian rights advocates and community members. However, notwithstanding the mountain’s religious and cultural significance, Indigenous plaintiffs could not prevent construction of the telescope on Maunakea.

Unlike most First Amendment rights, religious Free Exercise Clause claims are not generally subject to strict constitutional scrutiny. Congress has mandated the application of strict ...


An Unique Context Of Separation Of Religion And State In Japan, Thomas Makoto Naruse 2021 Department of Law, Kokushikan University

An Unique Context Of Separation Of Religion And State In Japan, Thomas Makoto Naruse

Japanese Society and Culture

Article 20 of the Constitution of Japan stipulates the separation of religion and state. As in many countries, the primary purpose of the separation of religion and state is to guarantee religious freedom. However, in Japan, the separation of religion and state has the aim of preventing the revival of State Shinto or militarism. From this point of view, Article 20 of the Constitution of Japan can be understood as a kind of “pacifist clause.” This article points out the “pacifist” aspect of the separation of religion and state in Japan, based mainly on the drafting process of the current ...


Let Them Eat Cake Or Let Him Not Bake? Summary And Analysis Of Masterpiece Cakeshop V. Colorado Civil Rights Commission, Michael Beato 2021 University of Florida Levin College of Law

Let Them Eat Cake Or Let Him Not Bake? Summary And Analysis Of Masterpiece Cakeshop V. Colorado Civil Rights Commission, Michael Beato

Florida Law Review

Unlike most cases brought before the United States Supreme Court, Masterpiece Cakeshop v. Colorado Civil Rights Commission captured the nation’s attention. In this case, free speech rights were pitted against an anti-discrimination law, and religious rights were pitted against the dignity of same-sex marriage. While these constitutional doctrines might seem nuanced and obscure to most, the central issue of the case is easy to grasp: Can a baker, on free speech and free exercise grounds, refuse to bake a wedding cake for a same-sex couple? The Court, in a 7–2 decision, ruled solely on the free exercise claim ...


George R. R. Martin's Faith Militant In Modern America: The Establishment Clause And A State's Ability To Delegate Policing Powers To Private Police Forces Operated By Religious Institutions, Andrew Gardner 2021 William & Mary Law School

George R. R. Martin's Faith Militant In Modern America: The Establishment Clause And A State's Ability To Delegate Policing Powers To Private Police Forces Operated By Religious Institutions, Andrew Gardner

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

Since the very founding of the United States, the complex relationship between government and religion has troubled and concerned lawmakers. The Establishment Clause of the First Amendment to the United States Constitution was one of the first attempts to help define and restrain the government's role in that nexus. Thomas Jefferson, in a letter praising the Establishment Clause, famously wrote that the clause "buil[t] a wall of separation between Church [and] State." However, the extent of the protections that the Establishment Clause was intended to provide is unclear, and judges as well as legal scholars have struggled with ...


The Establishment Clause: Its Original Public Meaning And What We Can Learn From The Plain Text, Carl H. Esbeck 2021 University of Missouri School of Law

The Establishment Clause: Its Original Public Meaning And What We Can Learn From The Plain Text, Carl H. Esbeck

Faculty Publications

Modern times in church-state relations began in 1947 with the Supreme Court’s decision in Everson v. Board of Education. The justices in both the majority and dissent said they were interpreting the Establishment Clause based on the intent of the founding generation. However, rather than looking to Congress’s lawmaking in the summer of 1789 that led to the First Amendment, the justices relied on the Virginia disestablishment from four years prior, as well as the efforts of just two statesmen, James Madison and Thomas Jefferson.

For the next half century, the High Court’s search was for events ...


The Legal Framework Of Apostasy In Egypt: A Manifestation Of Secular Reconstruction Of Sharia By A Modern State, Ahmed Sedky Mohammed 2021 American University in Cairo

The Legal Framework Of Apostasy In Egypt: A Manifestation Of Secular Reconstruction Of Sharia By A Modern State, Ahmed Sedky Mohammed

Theses and Dissertations

The legal consequences of renouncing Islam or apostasy, which include depriving the apostate from some civil rights, and the non-recognition of the act itself by law in Egypt have been usually criticized as a blatant violation of the right to religious freedom. Such criticisms are based on the right’s definition according to international human rights law precisely the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. The dominant reasoning for this violation according to the majority of the related literature is the conservative interpretation of Sharia, the principal source of law, that has been adopted by Egyptian judiciary for more ...


When Shari'a Becomes A Science Of Law, Heba Sewilam 2021 American University in Cairo

When Shari'a Becomes A Science Of Law, Heba Sewilam

Theses and Dissertations

The Sharīʿa codification, privatization and reconciliation present three reform movements to scientize Sharīʿa in the manner of liberal positivism. The scientism of Sharīʿa makes Islamic law predictable, rational and objective. Its final goal is to protect Sharīʿa from the political encroachments of the ruling elites and facilitate Sharīʿa implementation in a post-colonial era. The three reform movements are, however, incapable of harmonizing Sharīʿa with the liberal norms of a scientized law. Sharīʿa codification makes the law predictable but neglects Sharīʿa’s undemocratic methods of decision-making. Sharīʿa-compliant legislation is still the monopoly of the Muslim jurists and the ruling caliph. Sharīʿa ...


Psychological Killing Through Social Media: A Comparative Jurisprudence Study, Dr. Hamza Abdelkarim Hammad 2021 United Arab Emirates University

Psychological Killing Through Social Media: A Comparative Jurisprudence Study, Dr. Hamza Abdelkarim Hammad

Journal Sharia and Law

The purpose of this study is to explain the jurisprudential and legal position on the issue of the fact that the cause of death arose from informing the other - through the Social media- by the death of a relative falsely, whether that news was a joke or for the purposes of antagonism and aggression. The study followed the comparative analytical method, the result of this study is: That the sudden bad news for the heart patients is a lethal means, in addition to the agreement jurisprudence and legal position that the act is a murder deliberately and positive punishment if ...


Sex Offenders And The Free Exercise Of Religion, Christopher C. Lund 2021 Professor of Law, Wayne State University Law School

Sex Offenders And The Free Exercise Of Religion, Christopher C. Lund

Notre Dame Law Review

In a variety of ways, sex offenders in the United States find themselves in a difficult position. One of the lesser-known ways relates to the free exercise of religion. Sometimes by categorical statute, and sometimes by individualized parole, probation, or supervised-release condition, sex offenders can find themselves legally barred from places where children are present (or likely to be present). Because children are usually present at religious services, sex offenders can find themselves unable to attend them altogether. And this hardship has a bit of irony in it too. Back in prison, sex offenders could worship freely with others; now ...


Owls In Islam And Pakistan: Loopholes And Suggestions For Conservation And Management Of This Highly Ecologically Important Niche, Mubasher Hussain, Jamil Akhtar 2021 Islamic Research Institute, International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan

Owls In Islam And Pakistan: Loopholes And Suggestions For Conservation And Management Of This Highly Ecologically Important Niche, Mubasher Hussain, Jamil Akhtar

Journal of Bioresource Management

Due to their vital ecological significance, owls drew the attention of several groups working on wildlife protection and conservation management across the globe. Hence, certain legal provisions have been articulated in the wildlife protection acts of the advanced countries to ensure full legal protection of wildlife including owls. Although there are certain laws concerning the protection of wild life in Pakistan, the specific and consistent legal provisions are still required for owl’s full protection. This article highlights a dire need of the articulation of such provisions respecting the prohibition of owl hunting on several religious, legal and ecological grounds.


The Virginia Company To Chick-Fil-A: Christian Business In America, 1600–2000, Joseph P. Slaughter 2021 Seattle University School of Law

The Virginia Company To Chick-Fil-A: Christian Business In America, 1600–2000, Joseph P. Slaughter

Seattle University Law Review

The Supreme Court’s 2014 decision in Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc. is one of its most controversial in recent history. Burwell’s narrow 5–4 ruling states that the Religious Freedom Restoration Act of 1993 applies to closely held, for-profit corporations seeking religious exemptions to the Affordable Care Act. As a result, the Burwell decision thrust Hobby Lobby, the national craft chain established by the conservative evangelical Green family of Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, onto the national stage. Firms like Hobby Lobby and Chick-fil-A, however, reject the conventional wisdom Justice Ginsburg explained in Burwell and instead embrace an approach ...


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