Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Civil Law Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1,238 Full-Text Articles 896 Authors 363,857 Downloads 80 Institutions

All Articles in Civil Law

Faceted Search

1,238 full-text articles. Page 1 of 33.

Scarce Medical Resources – Parenthood At Every Age, In Every Case And Subsidized By The State?, yehezkel Margalit 2015 SelectedWorks

Scarce Medical Resources – Parenthood At Every Age, In Every Case And Subsidized By The State?, Yehezkel Margalit

Hezi Margalit

The dilemma of scarce medical resources is deeply rooted in the ancient mankind history, but it has been accelerated in the modern era with the appearance of the bio-medical innovations. This acute dilemma is relevant to all the western developed states, include Israel. Nevertheless, in one field there is the notion that Israel has unlimited medical resources – the fulfillment of its citizen's procreation and parenthood rights. Thus, for sociological, demographical, religious and security reasons the State of Israel invests a vast amount of money to develop and use the various fertility treatments. Israel, today, has the highest per capita ...


California Egg Toss - The High Costs Of Avoiding Unenforceable Surrogacy Contracts, Jennifer Jackson 2014 University of San Diego

California Egg Toss - The High Costs Of Avoiding Unenforceable Surrogacy Contracts, Jennifer Jackson

Jennifer Jackson

In an emotionally charged decision regarding surrogacy contracts, it is important to recognize the ramifications, costs, and policy. There are advantages to both “gestational carrier surrogacy” contracts and “traditional surrogacy” contracts. However, this paper focuses on the differences between these contracts using case law. Specifically, this paper will focus on the implications of California case law regarding surrogacy contracts. Cases such as Johnson v. Calvert and In Re Marriage of Moschetta provide a clear distinction between these contracts. This distinction will show that while gestational carrier surrogacy contracts are more expensive, public policy and court opinions will provide certainty and ...


Bridging The Gap Between Intent And Status: A New Framework For Modern Parentage, yehezkel Margalit 2014 SelectedWorks

Bridging The Gap Between Intent And Status: A New Framework For Modern Parentage, Yehezkel Margalit

Hezi Margalit

The last few decades have witnessed dramatic changes in the conceptualization and methodologies of determining legal parentage in the U.S. and other countries in the western world. Through various sociological shifts, growing social openness and bio-medical innovations, the traditional definitions of family and parenthood have been dramatically transformed. This transformation has led to an acute and urgent need for legal and social frameworks to regulate the process of determining legal parentage. Moreover, instead of progressing in a piecemeal, ad-hoc manner, the framework for determining legal parentage should be comprehensive. Only a comprehensive solution will address the differing needs of ...


Representation In Context: Party Power And Lawyer Expertise, Colleen F. Shanahan, Anna E. Carpenter, Alyx Mark 2014 Georgetown University Law Center

Representation In Context: Party Power And Lawyer Expertise, Colleen F. Shanahan, Anna E. Carpenter, Alyx Mark

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

The questions when, why, and how legal representation makes a difference for parties in civil litigation remain largely unanswered, although recent scholarship raises compelling new questions and suggests new explanations and theoretical approaches. Understanding how legal representation operates, we argue, requires an appreciation for the context in which the representation actually takes place. This article examines two previously unexplored elements of the context of legal representation through empirical and theoretical analysis: the balance of power between the parties to a dispute and the professional, specifically strategic, expertise that a legal representative contributes. The results of a study of 1,700 ...


The Road Most Travel: Is The Executive’S Growing Preeminence Making America More Like The Authoritarian Regimes It Fights So Hard Against?, Ryan T. Williams 2014 SelectedWorks

The Road Most Travel: Is The Executive’S Growing Preeminence Making America More Like The Authoritarian Regimes It Fights So Hard Against?, Ryan T. Williams

Ryan T. Williams

Since September 11, 2001, the Executive branch of the Unites States government continues to accumulate power beyond which is granted to it under the U.S. Constitution. This Article examines how the Executive wields this additional power through a secret surveillance program, the indefinite detention of terror suspects, and the implementation of a kill list, where Americans and non-Americans alike are targeted and killed without any judicial determination of guilt or innocence. Moreover, Congress and the Judiciary have condoned the Executive’s unconstitutional power accumulation by not only remaining idle and refusing to challenge this taking, but by preventing other ...


Summary Of Barrett V. Eighth Jud. Dist. Ct, 130 Nev. Adv. Op. 65, Laura Guidry 2014 University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- William S. Boyd School of Law

Summary Of Barrett V. Eighth Jud. Dist. Ct, 130 Nev. Adv. Op. 65, Laura Guidry

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court determined one issue: 1) whether a defendant subcontractor must provide NRS Chapter 40 prelitigation notice, which is statutorily followed by an opportunity to repair, prior to filing a fourth-party complaint against a supplier.


¿La Impugnación O La Invalidez De Los Negocios Jurídicos Unilaterales Colegiales Asociativos?, Rómulo Morales 2014 SelectedWorks

¿La Impugnación O La Invalidez De Los Negocios Jurídicos Unilaterales Colegiales Asociativos?, Rómulo Morales

Rómulo Martín Morales Hervias

Las casaciones N° 2978-2011-Lima y N° 3867-2010-Lima no aplicaron adecuadamente las normas jurídicas a los casos propuestos, porque sus argumentos solo se sustentaron en el principio de especialidad del artículo 92 del Código Civil sin tener en cuenta que tal artículo no puede interpretarse aisladamente de la normativa de la invalidez del negocio jurídico. Una interpretación sistemática hubiese señalado que los actos colegiales asociativos con firmas falsas son un típico caso de ausencia de manifestación de voluntad (por ser un negocio jurídico unilateral) y aquí sí cabe aplicar la causal de nulidad expresamente regulada en el numeral 1 del artículo ...


¿La Impugnación O La Invalidez De Los Negocios Jurídicos Unilaterales Colegiales Asociativos?, Rómulo Morales 2014 SelectedWorks

¿La Impugnación O La Invalidez De Los Negocios Jurídicos Unilaterales Colegiales Asociativos?, Rómulo Morales

Rómulo Martín Morales Hervias

Las casaciones N° 2978-2011-Lima y N° 3867-2010-Lima no aplicaron adecuadamente las normas jurídicas a los casos propuestos, porque sus argumentos solo se sustentaron en el principio de especialidad del artículo 92 del Código Civil sin tener en cuenta que tal artículo no puede interpretarse aisladamente de la normativa de la invalidez del negocio jurídico. Una interpretación sistemática hubiese señalado que los actos colegiales asociativos con firmas falsas son un típico caso de ausencia de manifestación de voluntad (por ser un negocio jurídico unilateral) y aquí sí cabe aplicar la causal de nulidad expresamente regulada en el numeral 1 del artículo ...


Juries, Social Norms, And Civil Justice, Jason M. Solomon 2014 College of William & Mary Law School

Juries, Social Norms, And Civil Justice, Jason M. Solomon

Faculty Publications

At the root of many contemporary debates and landmark cases in the civil justice system are underlying questions about the role of the civil jury. In prior work, I examined the justifications for the civil jury as a political institution, and found them wanting in our contemporary legal system.

This Article looks closely and critically at the justification for the civil jury as an adjudicative institution and questions the conventional wisdom behind it. The focus is on tort law because the jury has more power to decide questions of law in tort than any other area of law. The Article ...


Raymond, Janice. Not A Choice, Not A Job., Ane Mathieson 2014 Salve Regina University

Raymond, Janice. Not A Choice, Not A Job., Ane Mathieson

Journal of Interdisciplinary Feminist Thought

No abstract provided.


Section 702 And The Collection Of International Telephone And Internet Content, Laura K. Donohue 2014 Georgetown University Law Center

Section 702 And The Collection Of International Telephone And Internet Content, Laura K. Donohue

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

Section 702 of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) authorizes the NSA to collect the electronic communications of non-U.S. targets located overseas. Recent media reports and declassified documents reveal a more extensive program than publicly understood. The article begins by considering the origins of the current programs and the relevant authorities, particularly the transfer of part of the post-9/11 President’s Surveillance Program to FISA. It outlines the contours of the 2007 Protect America Act, before its replacement in 2008 by the FISA Amendments Act (FAA). The section ends with a brief discussion of the current state of ...


Marriage Penalty: How Stacking Income Affects The Secondary Earner’S Decision To Work, Kevin M. Walsh 2014 SelectedWorks

Marriage Penalty: How Stacking Income Affects The Secondary Earner’S Decision To Work, Kevin M. Walsh

Kevin M Walsh

Our progressive tax rate structure is aimed at taxing citizens fairly and based on their ability to pay. The rate structure, however, partially loses its purpose when analyzing the income taxation of married individuals. If a married couple decides to file jointly they are sometimes taxed at higher rates than individuals are depending on the incomes of the couple. This has created what we know today as the “marriage penalty,” and it can serve as a deterrent to the secondary earner from working.

There is no simple solution to address how the marriage penalty, in combination with necessary expenses, affects ...


Breaking The Ice: How Plaintiffs May Establish Premises Liability In "Black Ice" Cases Where The Dangerous Condition Is By Definition Not Visible Or Apparent To The Property Owner, Hon. Mark C. Dillon 2014 SelectedWorks

Breaking The Ice: How Plaintiffs May Establish Premises Liability In "Black Ice" Cases Where The Dangerous Condition Is By Definition Not Visible Or Apparent To The Property Owner, Hon. Mark C. Dillon

Hon. Mark C. Dillon

Plaintiffs that are injured as a result of encounters with "black ice," as distinguished from regular ice, face peculiar difficulties in establishing liability against property owners for the dangerous icy conditions on their premises. Black ice results from a unique process under certain conditions by which air bubbles are expelled from water during the freezing process, rendering the ice virtually invisible to the naked eye. Property owners therefore are not typically on actual or constructive notice of black ice conditions as to become subject to the legal requirement of undertaking measures to remedy the conditions. This article explores the law ...


Modificaciones Al Código Civil Peruano A Propósito De La Ley De Personas Con Discapacidad, Enrique Varsi Dr. 2014 SelectedWorks

Modificaciones Al Código Civil Peruano A Propósito De La Ley De Personas Con Discapacidad, Enrique Varsi Dr.

Enrique Varsi Rospigliosi

No abstract provided.


Artificial Insemination From Donor (Aid) – From Status To Contract And Back Again?, yehezkel Margalit 2014 SelectedWorks

Artificial Insemination From Donor (Aid) – From Status To Contract And Back Again?, Yehezkel Margalit

Hezi Margalit

The last few decades have witnessed dramatic changes in the institutions of family and parenthood and an abandonment of the historical emphasis on their bionormative structures. These changes are the result of societal shifts with respect to public openness and technological innovations that segregate marital relations from sexuality and fertility. The resultant parenthood structures, which depart from traditional spousal and parental models, intensify the ability and need to determine legal parenthood in numerous unprecedented contexts. Sir Henry Maine famously stated that mankind is pacing from status toward contract. This theme has had particular resonance during the past half century in ...


Punitive Damages In Mexico, Jorge E. De Hoyos Walther 2014 SelectedWorks

Punitive Damages In Mexico, Jorge E. De Hoyos Walther

Jorge E De Hoyos Walther

In July 2014 several Court precedents were published, through which the existence of “Punitive Damages” in Mexico was recognized. This resolution will change the way in which civil liability is perceived in our country, and will have implications for individuals and companies doing business overseas.


Questioning The U.S. Supreme Court’S Legalistic Qualified Immunity Approach And Suggestions For A Better Approach, Robert Weems 2014 SelectedWorks

Questioning The U.S. Supreme Court’S Legalistic Qualified Immunity Approach And Suggestions For A Better Approach, Robert Weems

Robert Weems

No abstract provided.


Arbitraje Civil Y Mercantil En México, Max Garcia, Jusey Martinez Carrasco 2014 Latin American and Caribbean Law and Economics Association

Arbitraje Civil Y Mercantil En México, Max Garcia, Jusey Martinez Carrasco

Max Garcia Sanchez

No abstract provided.


Native Village Of Eyak V. Blank: Fish Is Best Rare; Justice, Not So Much, William H. Howery III 2014 Golden Gate University School of Law

Native Village Of Eyak V. Blank: Fish Is Best Rare; Justice, Not So Much, William H. Howery Iii

Golden Gate University Law Review

For the purposes of the litigation discussed in this Note, the Chugach peoples comprise five native villages in the State of Alaska: Eyak, Tatitlek, Chenega, Nanwalek, and Port Graham ("the Villages"). The Villages must fight for a right to the natural resource they depend upon most for survival, fish. At the end of the twentieth century, the Villages sued the federal government to assert claims of aboriginal title, and along with it, exclusive rights to the resources of their ancestral fishing grounds on the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS). A panel of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth ...


Cultural Dimensions Of Group Litigation: The Belgian Case, Stefaan Voet 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Cultural Dimensions Of Group Litigation: The Belgian Case, Stefaan Voet

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Digital Commons powered by bepress