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Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca 2015 University of Akron

Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca

Akron Law Publications

Authorship, and hence, initial ownership of copyrighted works is oftentimes controlled by the 1976 Copyright Act’s work made for hire doctrine. This doctrine states that works created by employees within the scope of their employment result in the employer owning the copyright. One key determination in this analysis is whether the hired party is an employee or independent contractor. In 1989, the U.S. Supreme Court, in CCNV v. Reid, answered the question of how employees are distinguished from independent contractors by setting forth a list of factors courts should consider. Unfortunately, the Supreme Court did not give further ...


Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca 2015 University of Akron

Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca

Ryan G. Vacca

Authorship, and hence, initial ownership of copyrighted works is oftentimes controlled by the 1976 Copyright Act’s work made for hire doctrine. This doctrine states that works created by employees within the scope of their employment result in the employer owning the copyright. One key determination in this analysis is whether the hired party is an employee or independent contractor. In 1989, the U.S. Supreme Court, in CCNV v. Reid, answered the question of how employees are distinguished from independent contractors by setting forth a list of factors courts should consider. Unfortunately, the Supreme Court did not give further ...


Employee Electronic Communications In A Boundaryless World, Robert Sprague 2015 University of Wyoming

Employee Electronic Communications In A Boundaryless World, Robert Sprague

Robert Sprague

In 2007, the National Labor Relations Board decided that an employer could maintain an email communications policy that prohibits nonwork-related messages, even if those messages involve communications otherwise protected under the National Labor Relations Act. This article argues that such a proscription is outdated and archaic in light of today’s modern workplace filled with communications devices and systems that blur the distinction between work and personal life. The article explains that such a proscription causes employees to turn to personal communications options to discuss concerns that don’t necessarily involve work, but do involve the workplace; an environment with ...


Alt-Labor, Secondary Boycotts, And Toward A Labor Organization Bargain, Michael C. Duff 2014 The Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law

Alt-Labor, Secondary Boycotts, And Toward A Labor Organization Bargain, Michael C. Duff

Catholic University Law Review

Recently, workers led by non-union labor advocacy groups, popularly labeled “ALT-Labor,” staged strikes and other job actions across the low-wage economy. Some observers see this activity as the harbinger of a reinvigorated labor movement or as audacious dissent by low-wage workers with nothing to lose. Others view the activity cynically as an exercise in futility, a struggle against inexorable market forces that refuse to pay $15 per hour to a fast food restaurant or big box retail worker. This article presumes that employers will respond to ALT-Labor in a historically typical manner—by seeking labor injunctions and civil damages in ...


Toward A Federal Constitutional Right To Employment, R. George Wright 2014 Seattle University School of Law

Toward A Federal Constitutional Right To Employment, R. George Wright

Seattle University Law Review

This Article outlines an argument for a federal constitutional right to employment. The Article begins by examining the harms and costs of involuntary long-term unemployment. It then discusses the historical contributions to our understanding of the value of work, before drawing on several well-established jurisprudential distinctions to explain why, and to justify initial optimism regarding a constitutional employment right.


A Matter Of Compliance: How Do U.S. Multinational Corporations Deal With The Discrepancies In The Family And Medical Leave Act Of 1993 And The European Union Directive On Parental Leave; Is An International Standard Practical Or Appropriate In This Area Of Law?, Kathryn L. Morris 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

A Matter Of Compliance: How Do U.S. Multinational Corporations Deal With The Discrepancies In The Family And Medical Leave Act Of 1993 And The European Union Directive On Parental Leave; Is An International Standard Practical Or Appropriate In This Area Of Law?, Kathryn L. Morris

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Career Advice For New In-House Lawyers, Faraz Choudhry 2014 Hamline University

Career Advice For New In-House Lawyers, Faraz Choudhry

Hamline Law Review

abstract


Protecting Whistleblower Protections In The Dodd-Frank Act, Samuel C. Leifer 2014 University of Michigan Law School

Protecting Whistleblower Protections In The Dodd-Frank Act, Samuel C. Leifer

Michigan Law Review

In 2008, the United States fell into its worst economic recession in over seventy years. In response, Congress enacted the near-comprehensive Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. Section 922 of Dodd–Frank, in particular, includes specific provisions designed to incentivize and protect corporate whistleblowers. These provisions demonstrated Congress’s belief that a comprehensive and robust whistleblower protection scheme was essential to preventing many of the abuses that caused the financial crisis. Unfortunately, this section’s inconsistent language has produced conflicting decisions within the federal judiciary. In accordance with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”)’s own reading ...


The Evolution And Decline Of The Effective-Vindication Doctrine In U.S. Arbitration Law, Okezie Chukwumerije 2014 Pepperdine University

The Evolution And Decline Of The Effective-Vindication Doctrine In U.S. Arbitration Law, Okezie Chukwumerije

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

This article offers information on the history, significance and role of the effective-vindication doctrine in U.S. arbitration law in promoting access to justice. It analyzes the significance of broad policy implications regarding the interpretation of the Federal Arbitration Act (FAA) by the Court facilitating the arbitration of commercial disputes and protecting the statutory rights of consumers in the context of the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in Green Tree Financial Corp. v. Randolph.


A Tale Of Two Appellations: A Comparative Study Of International Agreements And Prevailing Law Impacting The Availability Of Seasonal Employees For The Wine-Grape Harvest In California's Napa Valley And France's Bordeaux Appellation, Michael K. Edmonson 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

A Tale Of Two Appellations: A Comparative Study Of International Agreements And Prevailing Law Impacting The Availability Of Seasonal Employees For The Wine-Grape Harvest In California's Napa Valley And France's Bordeaux Appellation, Michael K. Edmonson

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Equality And The European Union, Elizabeth F. Defeis 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Equality And The European Union, Elizabeth F. Defeis

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Right Of Revolution: Black Trade Unions, Workplace Forums, And The Struggle For Democracy In South Africa, C. Matthew Smith 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

The Right Of Revolution: Black Trade Unions, Workplace Forums, And The Struggle For Democracy In South Africa, C. Matthew Smith

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Subordinate Or Independent, Status Or Contract, Clarity Or Circularity: British Employment Law, American Implications, Harry Hutchison 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Subordinate Or Independent, Status Or Contract, Clarity Or Circularity: British Employment Law, American Implications, Harry Hutchison

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Checks And Ballots: Union Recognition In The United States, Canada, And The United Kingdom In Light Of The Employee Free Choice Act, Liegia S. DiFazio 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Checks And Ballots: Union Recognition In The United States, Canada, And The United Kingdom In Light Of The Employee Free Choice Act, Liegia S. Difazio

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Naalc And Mexico's Ley Federal Para Prevenir Y Eliminar La Discriminacion: Further Failure Under A Flawed Treaty Or The Beginning Of Meaningful Protection From Employment Discrimination Throughout North America?, Philip DeHart 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

The Naalc And Mexico's Ley Federal Para Prevenir Y Eliminar La Discriminacion: Further Failure Under A Flawed Treaty Or The Beginning Of Meaningful Protection From Employment Discrimination Throughout North America?, Philip Dehart

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


On “Trafficking And Health”, Dominique Stewart 2014 Chapman University

On “Trafficking And Health”, Dominique Stewart

e-Research: A Journal of Undergraduate Work

This paper discusses the article "Trafficking and Health" by Joanna Busza, Sarah Castle, and Aisse Diarra. Human trafficking is unfortunately addressed by many political systems as a migration issue ‐‐ to be dealt with by restricting the rights of migrants, tightening border controls, etc. However, as we see in this article it is more of a health and human rights issue than anything else. Addressing a problem with the wrong diagnosis does nothing to solve it and oftentimes exacerbates it, and human trafficking is no exception to this. But with the right approaches, the damage caused by trafficking can be mitigated ...


"Welcome To Europe, Which Has Always Been Yours": Are Bulgarians And Gypsies Second Class Citizens?, Adriana Hristova 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

"Welcome To Europe, Which Has Always Been Yours": Are Bulgarians And Gypsies Second Class Citizens?, Adriana Hristova

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Deterrence To Hiring Illegal Immigrant Workers: Will The New Employer Sanction Provisions Work?, Stephanie E. Steele 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Deterrence To Hiring Illegal Immigrant Workers: Will The New Employer Sanction Provisions Work?, Stephanie E. Steele

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


A Comparative Analysis Of Unconscious And Institutional Discrimination In The United States And Britain, Leland Ware 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

A Comparative Analysis Of Unconscious And Institutional Discrimination In The United States And Britain, Leland Ware

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Jurisprudence Of Discrimination As Opposed To Simple Inequality In The International Civil Service, Brian D. Patterson 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

The Jurisprudence Of Discrimination As Opposed To Simple Inequality In The International Civil Service, Brian D. Patterson

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


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