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The Restorative Workplace: An Organizational Learning Approach To Discrimination, Deborah Thompson Eisenberg 2016 University of Maryland School of Law

The Restorative Workplace: An Organizational Learning Approach To Discrimination, Deborah Thompson Eisenberg

Faculty Scholarship

On the fiftieth anniversary of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, many employers continue to search for ways to implement the law’s antidiscrimination and equal opportunity mandates into the workplace. The current litigation-based approach to employment discrimination under Title VII and similar laws focuses on weeding out “bad apples” who are explicitly prejudiced. This “victim-villain” paradigm may fail to correct the complex, nuanced causes of workplace discrimination, or exacerbate the problem. This article explores an alternative approach—restorative practices—that may integrate the policy goals of antidiscrimination laws into the practical realities of managing an organization. Restorative practices ...


Worker (Mis)Classification In The Sharing Economy: Square Pegs Trying To Fit In Round Holes, Robert Sprague 2015 University of Wyoming

Worker (Mis)Classification In The Sharing Economy: Square Pegs Trying To Fit In Round Holes, Robert Sprague

Robert Sprague

How is it that the world’s largest taxi service claims it is not a transportation company? How can an iconic worldwide package delivery company argue that it is not in the package delivery business? These are just two idiosyncrasies of the modern economy in which microentrepreneurial contractors using their own resources carry out the fundamental operations of enterprises.

Businesses and courts have long struggled trying to determine whether certain workers are employees or independent contractors. Originally, the focus was on whether the employer should be held liable to third parties for injuries arising from the employer’s workers—it ...


The Quest For A New Generation Of Labor Chapter In The Ttip, michele faioli 2015 Tor Vergata University

The Quest For A New Generation Of Labor Chapter In The Ttip, Michele Faioli

Michele Faioli

The TTIP (Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership Agreement) may be key for the EU-US forthcoming vision of labor and industrial relations. More in general, it may be key for idea of a possible common Western labor legal system. The TTIP may be turned into a occasion to ground a new generation of labor chapters in investment/partnership treaties. In line with preliminary outputs, a practical proposal is introduced. This essay is also aimed at analyzing, under a critical legal approach, why, to what extent and how the TTIP labor chapter may be set up. By means of a de-constructive method ...


Obergefell’S Prescription: Why The Fourteenth Amendment Trumps State Employees’ Free Exercise Claims, Douglas B. McKechnie 2015 University of Akron

Obergefell’S Prescription: Why The Fourteenth Amendment Trumps State Employees’ Free Exercise Claims, Douglas B. Mckechnie

ConLawNOW

Soon after the United States Supreme Court’s decision in Obergefell v. Hodges, some elected officials and civil servants objected to the requirement that same-sex couples be offered marriage licenses. In particular, they argued that a government employee whose job duties include issuing marriage licenses cannot be forced to do so if it would violate his or her religion’s dictates. This piece argues that position is unavailing as it ignores the jurisprudence construing the free exercise clause of the First Amendment as well as the mandate created by the Court’s interpretation of the Fourteenth Amendment in Obergefell.


Stemming The Hobby Lobby Tidal Wave: Why Rfra Challenges To Obama's Executive Order Prohibiting Federal Contractors From Discriminating Against Lgbt Employees Will Not Succeed, Kayla Higgins 2015 SelectedWorks

Stemming The Hobby Lobby Tidal Wave: Why Rfra Challenges To Obama's Executive Order Prohibiting Federal Contractors From Discriminating Against Lgbt Employees Will Not Succeed, Kayla Higgins

Kayla Higgins

On July 21, 2014 President Obama released Executive Order 13672, which expressly aimed to provide for a uniform policy for the Federal Government to prohibit discrimination and take further steps to promote economy and efficiency in Federal Government procurement by prohibiting discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity. Some commentators believe that the order “could be the next battleground” for the competing views of religious leaders and liberals when it comes to how to weigh religious liberty against other priorities. However, there are two main reasons why the most recent executive order should not crumble under the Hobby Lobby ...


The Fine Line Employers Walk: Is It A Justified Business Practice, Or Discrimination?, Michelle DiMaria 2015 Arizona Summit Law School

The Fine Line Employers Walk: Is It A Justified Business Practice, Or Discrimination?, Michelle Dimaria

Michelle DiMaria

No abstract provided.


The Treatment For Malpractice – Physician, Enhance Thyself: The Impact Of Neuroenhancements For Medical Malpractice, Harvey L. Fiser 2015 Millsaps College

The Treatment For Malpractice – Physician, Enhance Thyself: The Impact Of Neuroenhancements For Medical Malpractice, Harvey L. Fiser

Harvey L. Fiser

Coming to a hospital near you, the medically enhanced doctor - a doctor who thinks faster, is better with short and long term memory, is calmer during surgery, can work double shifts with little cognitive fatigue, and one day may have the memories of years of experience without actually having had them. With the expanded use of cognitive enhancing pharmaceuticals such as Adderall, Provigil, and more on the way, we are already seeing changes in education and the corporate world. From reaching a “normal” status for a person with an ADHD diagnosis to creating the “supernormal” employee with cognitive enhancers, neurointerventions ...


From Hierarchies To Markets: Fedex Drivers And The Work Contract As Institutional Marker, Julia Tomassetti 2015 Georgetown University Law Center

From Hierarchies To Markets: Fedex Drivers And The Work Contract As Institutional Marker, Julia Tomassetti

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

Judges are often called upon today to determine whether certain workers are “employees” or “independent contractors.” The distinction is important, because only employees have rights under most statutes regulating work, including wage and hour, anti-discrimination, and collective bargaining law. Too often judges exclude workers from statutory protection who resemble what legal scholars have described as typical, industrial employees — long-term, full-time workers with set wages and routinized responsibilities within a large firm. To explain how courts reach these counterintuitive results, the article examines recent federal decisions finding that FedEx delivery drivers are independent contractors rather than employees. It argues that the ...


"What The Nlrb Giveth The Nlrb Taketh Away: Contrasting Views Concerning Graduate Student Unions", Richard J. Hunter Jr. 2015 Professor of Legal Studies, Stillman School of Business, Seton Hall University

"What The Nlrb Giveth The Nlrb Taketh Away: Contrasting Views Concerning Graduate Student Unions", Richard J. Hunter Jr.

Richard J Hunter Jr.

This paper will discuss the status of efforts to unionize various types of graduate students, including teaching assistants, research assistants, and graduate assistants in light of two important NLRB precedents found in New York University and Brown University. The paper contains an introduction to labor law, including a discussion of the certification process, jurisdiction of the NLRB, the requirement of a "substantial showing of interest," establishment of bargaining units, and spacing of representation elections. The paper raises questions about the impact of these contrary rulings on the attempts to form a union by scholarship football players at Northwestern University in ...


Conflicted Counselors: Retaliation Protections For Attorney-Whistleblowers In An Inconsistent Regulatory Regime, Jennifer M. Pacella 2015 Assistant Professor of Law, City University of New York, Baruch College, Zicklin School of Business

Conflicted Counselors: Retaliation Protections For Attorney-Whistleblowers In An Inconsistent Regulatory Regime, Jennifer M. Pacella

Jennifer M. Pacella, Esq.

Attorneys, especially in-house counsel, are subject to retaliation by employers in much the same way as traditional whistleblowers, often experiencing retaliation and loss of livelihood for reporting instances of wrongdoing about their clients. Although attorney-whistleblowing undoubtedly invokes ethical concerns, attorneys who “appear and practice” before the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) are required by federal law to act as internal whistleblowers under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (“SOX”) and report evidence of material violations of the law within the organizations that they represent. An attorney’s failure to comply with these obligations will result in SEC-imposed civil penalties and disciplinary action. Recent ...


How Are Law Enforcement Efforts To Address Mental Illness Changing The Path To Incarceration?, D'Andre Devon Lampkin 2015 Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department

How Are Law Enforcement Efforts To Address Mental Illness Changing The Path To Incarceration?, D'Andre Devon Lampkin

D'Andre Devon Lampkin

The purpose of this research project is the introduce readers to how law enforcement agencies across the United States are addressing mental illness and improving response to incidents involving subjects with mental illnesses. The paper also discusses training, and the collaborations taking place between mental health professionals and policing agencies wanting to combine judicial supervision with community based mental health treatment.


Wage Gender Disparities: Challenging Prevailing Assumptions, Theoretical Approache, Shlomit Yanisky-Ravid Professor of Law 2015 Yale Law School

Wage Gender Disparities: Challenging Prevailing Assumptions, Theoretical Approache, Shlomit Yanisky-Ravid Professor Of Law

Shlomit Yanisky-Ravid Professor of Law

Women in the United States are, on average and consistently, earning less than their male peers. Sometimes, they are even paid less than the men they supervise. A common response concerns about the 23 cent gender wage gap for full-time year-round workers across occupations, is that it is simply a byproduct of the choices women make: choices to prefer family life and needs, work fewer hours, take on lower-paying jobs, or opt out of the workforce for longer periods of time than men. Under this view, the gender pay gap is not a result of sex discrimination but of women ...


Young V. United Parcel Service, Inc.: Mcdonnell Douglas To The Rescue?, William R. Corbett 2015 Louisiana State University Law Center

Young V. United Parcel Service, Inc.: Mcdonnell Douglas To The Rescue?, William R. Corbett

Washington University Law Review Commentaries

The Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978 can be interpreted in two obvious ways: one interpretation requires employers to make reasonable accommodations for pregnant employees, and the other does not require such accommodations. In Young v. United Parcel Service, Inc., the Supreme Court held that in some cases employees may be able to prove intentional pregnancy discrimination based on an employer’s failure to make accommodations for the pregnant employee when the employer makes accommodations for other disabled employees. Rather than reaching this result by interpreting the statute to require reasonable accommodations, however, the Court held that plaintiffs with “indirect evidence ...


The End Of An Era: The Mounting Challenges To The Ncaa’S Model Of Amateurism, John Niemeyer 2015 Pepperdine University

The End Of An Era: The Mounting Challenges To The Ncaa’S Model Of Amateurism, John Niemeyer

Pepperdine Law Review

In the six years between 2006 and 2012, the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), a nonprofit organization made up of universities, doubled its net assets to its current, unprecedented level of over $566 million. In 2012 alone, the organization retained a $71 million surplus after it disbursed a majority of its revenue to the NCAA member universities. It was able to make this much money largely because of the television revenue earned from the highly popular and entertaining sports of men’s football and men’s basketball. One would think that if a nonprofit organization could retain $71 million at ...


Ada Open Issues - Transfers To Vacant Positions, Leaves Of Absences, Telecommuting And Other Accommodation Issues, Lawrence P. Postol 2015 Seyfarth Shaw LLP

Ada Open Issues - Transfers To Vacant Positions, Leaves Of Absences, Telecommuting And Other Accommodation Issues, Lawrence P. Postol

Lawrence P. Postol

No abstract provided.


Inside The Caucus: An Empirical Analysis Of Mediation From Within, Daniel M. Klerman, Lisa Klerman 2015 USC Law School

Inside The Caucus: An Empirical Analysis Of Mediation From Within, Daniel M. Klerman, Lisa Klerman

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

This article provides a glimpse into the worlds of mediation and settlement negotiation. Because they are almost always private, there has been relatively little empirical analysis of the dynamics of settlement or mediation. This article analyzes a unique data set derived from a mediator’s contemporaneous notes of mediations involving employment disputes, such as claims of discrimination or wrongful termination. Although the data set includes over four hundred cases, since they were all mediated by a single mediator, this article can be viewed as a case study. Among the most interesting facts uncovered by this analysis are the following. Mediation ...


Summary Of D&D Tire, Inc., V. Ouellette, 131 Nev. Adv. Op. 47 (Jul. 02, 2015), Jaymes Orr 2015 Nevada Law Journal

Summary Of D&D Tire, Inc., V. Ouellette, 131 Nev. Adv. Op. 47 (Jul. 02, 2015), Jaymes Orr

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court held that a subcontractor or independent contractor is not immune to liability for workplace injuries if the work being performed is a specialized repair. Ouellette was injured by an employee of Purcell while performing a task that would not be considered a specialized repair. The employee, however, was only present on the job site because of a specialized repair. The Court, however, held that the activity leading to the injury must be considered in context and the employee would not have been present but for the repair.


The Investigation Procedures Of The United Nations Office Of Internal Oversight Services And The Rights Of The United Nations Staff Member: An Analysis Of The United Nations Judicial Tribunals’ Judgments On Disciplinary Cases In The United Nations, Tamara A. Shockley 2015 United Nations

The Investigation Procedures Of The United Nations Office Of Internal Oversight Services And The Rights Of The United Nations Staff Member: An Analysis Of The United Nations Judicial Tribunals’ Judgments On Disciplinary Cases In The United Nations, Tamara A. Shockley

Tamara A. Shockley

Abstract

The Investigation Procedures of the United Nations Office of Internal Oversight Services and the Rights of the United Nations Staff Member: An Analysis of the United Nations Judicial Tribunals’ Judgments on Disciplinary Cases in the United Nations

An employee of an international organization misappropriates over one million dollars from a United Nations Peace-Keeping Mission’s designated for procurement of supplies. As a staff member of an international organization, he or she has functional immunity and cannot be investigated by the local jurisdiction or by authorities in his home country. Is this the “perfect crime”? Taking into consideration that these ...


Preparing For Another Round Of Collective Bargaining In The National Basketball Association, Scott Bukstein 2015 Villanova University School of Law

Preparing For Another Round Of Collective Bargaining In The National Basketball Association, Scott Bukstein

Jeffrey S. Moorad Sports Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Kicking Away Responsibility: Fifa's Role In Response To Migrant Worker Abuses In Qatar's 2022 World Cup, Azadeh Erfani 2015 Villanova University School of Law

Kicking Away Responsibility: Fifa's Role In Response To Migrant Worker Abuses In Qatar's 2022 World Cup, Azadeh Erfani

Jeffrey S. Moorad Sports Law Journal

No abstract provided.


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