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Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca 2015 University of Akron

Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca

Akron Law Publications

Authorship, and hence, initial ownership of copyrighted works is oftentimes controlled by the 1976 Copyright Act’s work made for hire doctrine. This doctrine states that works created by employees within the scope of their employment result in the employer owning the copyright. One key determination in this analysis is whether the hired party is an employee or independent contractor. In 1989, the U.S. Supreme Court, in CCNV v. Reid, answered the question of how employees are distinguished from independent contractors by setting forth a list of factors courts should consider. Unfortunately, the Supreme Court did not give further ...


Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca 2015 University of Akron

Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca

Ryan G. Vacca

Authorship, and hence, initial ownership of copyrighted works is oftentimes controlled by the 1976 Copyright Act’s work made for hire doctrine. This doctrine states that works created by employees within the scope of their employment result in the employer owning the copyright. One key determination in this analysis is whether the hired party is an employee or independent contractor. In 1989, the U.S. Supreme Court, in CCNV v. Reid, answered the question of how employees are distinguished from independent contractors by setting forth a list of factors courts should consider. Unfortunately, the Supreme Court did not give further ...


Employee Electronic Communications In A Boundaryless World, Robert Sprague 2015 University of Wyoming

Employee Electronic Communications In A Boundaryless World, Robert Sprague

Robert Sprague

In 2007, the National Labor Relations Board decided that an employer could maintain an email communications policy that prohibits nonwork-related messages, even if those messages involve communications otherwise protected under the National Labor Relations Act. This article argues that such a proscription is outdated and archaic in light of today’s modern workplace filled with communications devices and systems that blur the distinction between work and personal life. The article explains that such a proscription causes employees to turn to personal communications options to discuss concerns that don’t necessarily involve work, but do involve the workplace; an environment with ...


Navigating The Rock And The Whirlpool: Managing Critical Incident Investigations And Garrity, Joseph R. Sullivan 2014 SelectedWorks

Navigating The Rock And The Whirlpool: Managing Critical Incident Investigations And Garrity, Joseph R. Sullivan

Joseph R Sullivan

This article presents a best practice model for managing officer-involved shooting or other critical incident investigations on behalf of the officer; one that protects the officer’s legal interests and still preserves the most accurate factual information for investigators. Section I details the causes and effects of critical incident amnesia as it relates to officer-involved shootings. Section II analyzes the relationship between a public employee’s Fifth Amendment privilege against self-incrimination and a public employer’s ability to compel work related statements. Section III discusses the practical implications and aftermath of an officer-involved shooting or other critical incident and section ...


To Enforce A Privacy Right: The Sovereign Immunity Canon And The Privacy Act’S Civil Remedies Provision After Cooper, Daniel J. DiMatteo 2014 University of Florida Levin College of Law

To Enforce A Privacy Right: The Sovereign Immunity Canon And The Privacy Act’S Civil Remedies Provision After Cooper, Daniel J. Dimatteo

Florida Law Review

In 2005, a joint investigation between separate government agencies revealed that Stanmore Cooper, a pilot, failed to disclose to the Federal Aviation Administration that he was HIV positive. Cooper sued the agencies in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California, claiming that they violated the Privacy Act by disclosing his medical records to one another without his consent. Alleging that the unlawful disclosure of his condition caused him severe emotional distress, Cooper sought monetary relief under the Privacy Act’s civil remedies provision, which establishes a cause of action against the government for “actual damages.” The ...


Seventh Circuit Allows American Subsidiary To Avoid Title Vii Liability By Asserting Fcn Treaty Rights Of Japanese Parent - American Employees Treated As Second Class Citizens - Court Cites Reciprocal Benefits For American Firms Operating Abroad - Fortino V. Quasar Co., 950 F.2d 389 (7th Cir. 1991)., Steven J. Lewengrub 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Seventh Circuit Allows American Subsidiary To Avoid Title Vii Liability By Asserting Fcn Treaty Rights Of Japanese Parent - American Employees Treated As Second Class Citizens - Court Cites Reciprocal Benefits For American Firms Operating Abroad - Fortino V. Quasar Co., 950 F.2d 389 (7th Cir. 1991)., Steven J. Lewengrub

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Best Of Times And The Worst Of Times: Lessons From Recent Reforms Of The French Retirement, Kathryn L. Moore 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

The Best Of Times And The Worst Of Times: Lessons From Recent Reforms Of The French Retirement, Kathryn L. Moore

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Don't Touch That Grapefruit!: Prohibiting The Encouragement By U.S. Unions Of Secondary Boycotts Abroad, George E. James 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Don't Touch That Grapefruit!: Prohibiting The Encouragement By U.S. Unions Of Secondary Boycotts Abroad, George E. James

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Yamaha V. Calhoun: The Supreme Court Allows State Remedies In Certain Wrongful Death Cases In Admiralty, Nicolas R. Foster 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Yamaha V. Calhoun: The Supreme Court Allows State Remedies In Certain Wrongful Death Cases In Admiralty, Nicolas R. Foster

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Alt-Labor, Secondary Boycotts, And Toward A Labor Organization Bargain, Michael C. Duff 2014 The Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law

Alt-Labor, Secondary Boycotts, And Toward A Labor Organization Bargain, Michael C. Duff

Catholic University Law Review

Recently, workers led by non-union labor advocacy groups, popularly labeled “ALT-Labor,” staged strikes and other job actions across the low-wage economy. Some observers see this activity as the harbinger of a reinvigorated labor movement or as audacious dissent by low-wage workers with nothing to lose. Others view the activity cynically as an exercise in futility, a struggle against inexorable market forces that refuse to pay $15 per hour to a fast food restaurant or big box retail worker. This article presumes that employers will respond to ALT-Labor in a historically typical manner—by seeking labor injunctions and civil damages in ...


Toward A Federal Constitutional Right To Employment, R. George Wright 2014 Seattle University School of Law

Toward A Federal Constitutional Right To Employment, R. George Wright

Seattle University Law Review

This Article outlines an argument for a federal constitutional right to employment. The Article begins by examining the harms and costs of involuntary long-term unemployment. It then discusses the historical contributions to our understanding of the value of work, before drawing on several well-established jurisprudential distinctions to explain why, and to justify initial optimism regarding a constitutional employment right.


A Matter Of Compliance: How Do U.S. Multinational Corporations Deal With The Discrepancies In The Family And Medical Leave Act Of 1993 And The European Union Directive On Parental Leave; Is An International Standard Practical Or Appropriate In This Area Of Law?, Kathryn L. Morris 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

A Matter Of Compliance: How Do U.S. Multinational Corporations Deal With The Discrepancies In The Family And Medical Leave Act Of 1993 And The European Union Directive On Parental Leave; Is An International Standard Practical Or Appropriate In This Area Of Law?, Kathryn L. Morris

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Career Advice For New In-House Lawyers, Faraz Choudhry 2014 Hamline University

Career Advice For New In-House Lawyers, Faraz Choudhry

Hamline Law Review

abstract


Protecting Whistleblower Protections In The Dodd-Frank Act, Samuel C. Leifer 2014 University of Michigan Law School

Protecting Whistleblower Protections In The Dodd-Frank Act, Samuel C. Leifer

Michigan Law Review

In 2008, the United States fell into its worst economic recession in over seventy years. In response, Congress enacted the near-comprehensive Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. Section 922 of Dodd–Frank, in particular, includes specific provisions designed to incentivize and protect corporate whistleblowers. These provisions demonstrated Congress’s belief that a comprehensive and robust whistleblower protection scheme was essential to preventing many of the abuses that caused the financial crisis. Unfortunately, this section’s inconsistent language has produced conflicting decisions within the federal judiciary. In accordance with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”)’s own reading ...


Invisible No More: Domestic Workers Organizing In Massachusetts And Beyond, Natalicia Tracy, Tim Sieber, Susan Moir ScD 2014 University of Massachusetts Boston

Invisible No More: Domestic Workers Organizing In Massachusetts And Beyond, Natalicia Tracy, Tim Sieber, Susan Moir Scd

Labor Studies Faculty Publication Series

Domestic workers across the country are making it clear that, even in a difficult political environment, it is possible to make gains for low-wage workers. For the first time in many, many decades, domestic workers are finding ways to win. They are creat
ing policy change that will improve the lives of hundreds of thousands of workers in tangible and substantial ways. The 2014 Massachusetts Domestic Workers’ Bill of Rights is the most expansive codification of rights for this long-overlooked part of the labor force ever to be enacted. In one sense, there is nothing new about domestic workers organizing ...


The Evolution And Decline Of The Effective-Vindication Doctrine In U.S. Arbitration Law, Okezie Chukwumerije 2014 Pepperdine University

The Evolution And Decline Of The Effective-Vindication Doctrine In U.S. Arbitration Law, Okezie Chukwumerije

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

This article offers information on the history, significance and role of the effective-vindication doctrine in U.S. arbitration law in promoting access to justice. It analyzes the significance of broad policy implications regarding the interpretation of the Federal Arbitration Act (FAA) by the Court facilitating the arbitration of commercial disputes and protecting the statutory rights of consumers in the context of the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in Green Tree Financial Corp. v. Randolph.


A Tale Of Two Appellations: A Comparative Study Of International Agreements And Prevailing Law Impacting The Availability Of Seasonal Employees For The Wine-Grape Harvest In California's Napa Valley And France's Bordeaux Appellation, Michael K. Edmonson 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

A Tale Of Two Appellations: A Comparative Study Of International Agreements And Prevailing Law Impacting The Availability Of Seasonal Employees For The Wine-Grape Harvest In California's Napa Valley And France's Bordeaux Appellation, Michael K. Edmonson

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Equality And The European Union, Elizabeth F. Defeis 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Equality And The European Union, Elizabeth F. Defeis

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Right Of Revolution: Black Trade Unions, Workplace Forums, And The Struggle For Democracy In South Africa, C. Matthew Smith 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

The Right Of Revolution: Black Trade Unions, Workplace Forums, And The Struggle For Democracy In South Africa, C. Matthew Smith

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Subordinate Or Independent, Status Or Contract, Clarity Or Circularity: British Employment Law, American Implications, Harry Hutchison 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Subordinate Or Independent, Status Or Contract, Clarity Or Circularity: British Employment Law, American Implications, Harry Hutchison

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


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