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Survey Of (Mostly Outdated And Often Ineffective) Laws Affecting Work-Related Monitoring, Robert Sprague 2017 University of Wyoming

Survey Of (Mostly Outdated And Often Ineffective) Laws Affecting Work-Related Monitoring, Robert Sprague

Robert Sprague

This article reviews various laws that affect work-related monitoring. It reveals that most of our privacy laws were adopted well before smartphones and the Internet became ubiquitous; they still hunt for physical secluded locations; and, because they are based on reasonable expectations of privacy, they can easily be circumvented by employer policies that eliminate that expectation by informing workers they have no right to privacy in the workplace. This article concludes that the future—indeed the present—does not bode well for worker privacy.


Independent Contractor Or Employee: I’M Uber Confused! Why California Should Create An Exception For Uber Drivers And The “On-Demand Economy”, Andre Andoyan 2017 Golden Gate University School of Law

Independent Contractor Or Employee: I’M Uber Confused! Why California Should Create An Exception For Uber Drivers And The “On-Demand Economy”, Andre Andoyan

Golden Gate University Law Review

Part I of this comment details California employment law, how it has been applied to Uber, and how Uber, along with other “On-Demand Economy” companies, are different than other companies. Part II presents the current legal issues in worker classification. Part II also proposes the exception that should apply to Uber drivers and discusses why Uber, and other “On-Demand Economy” companies, should be entitled to this exception, including the practical problems with an employment classification for Uber. Part III concludes that changing our worker-classification laws is a compromise that will benefit drivers, Uber, and reflect the changes in our society.


Babies Aren't U.S., Zachary J. Devlin 2017 University of Massachusetts School of Law

Babies Aren't U.S., Zachary J. Devlin

University of Massachusetts Law Review

Parental leave has been an on-going issue in the political process, most recently during this presidential election. This is because upon the birth or adoption of a child, many in the United States cannot afford to take time off from work to care for and integrate children into their families. This is especially true for the contemporary family. The Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 (FMLA) was Congress’s attempt to strike equilibrium between employment and family and medical needs. The FMLA put legal emphasis on the family unit in an effort to neutralize gender discrimination while promoting gender ...


The Effects Of Employment On Recidivism Among Delinquent Juveniles, Leigh Kassem 2017 East Tennessee State University

The Effects Of Employment On Recidivism Among Delinquent Juveniles, Leigh Kassem

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Current research indicates an association between intense adolescent work (twenty hours or more per week) and delinquent behavior. It has been widely speculated that this relationship is spurious, occurring only as a result of other factors which are common to both offending and intense employment. The current study attempts to fill a gap in the literature by utilizing the Pathways to Desistance dataset to examine the evolution of the relationship between work and self-reported offending in a longitudinal sample of juvenile offenders. Work intensity and consistency, social capital, and expectations for success were analyzed as potential predictors of recidivism or ...


Revisiting Erisa’S Church Plan Exemption After Advocate Health Care Network V. Stapleton, Emily Morrison 2017 Northwestern University Pritzker School of Law

Revisiting Erisa’S Church Plan Exemption After Advocate Health Care Network V. Stapleton, Emily Morrison

Northwestern University Law Review

For much of the last forty years, ERISA’s church plan exemption has existed quietly without much fanfare. But increased litigation over the last five years has dragged the exemption into the spotlight. The litigation focuses on religiously affiliated hospital systems and whether their pension plans have been correctly classified as church plans exempt from ERISA.

This Note examines the history behind the church plan exemption, including statutory modifications made in 1980 and the IRS’s longstanding interpretation of these changes, which precipitated the dispute at issue in the current wave of litigation. While the U.S. Supreme Court’s ...


The Tax Lives Of Uber Drivers: Evidence From Online Forums, Diane M. Ring, Shu-Yi Oei 2017 Boston College Law School

The Tax Lives Of Uber Drivers: Evidence From Online Forums, Diane M. Ring, Shu-Yi Oei

Shu-Yi Oei

In this Article, we investigate the tax issues and challenges facing Uber and Lyft drivers by studying their online interactions in three internet discussion forums: Reddit.com, Uberpeople.net, and Intuit TurboTax AnswerXchange. Using descriptive statistics and content analysis, we examine (1) the substantive tax concerns facing forum participants, (2) how taxes affect their driving and profitability decisions, and (3) the degree of user sophistication, accuracy of legal advising, and other cultural features of the forums.

We find that while forum participants displayed generally accurate understandings of tax filing and income inclusion obligations, their approaches to expenses and deductions were ...


Human Equity? Regulating The New Income Share Agreements, Diane M. Ring, Shu-Yi Oei 2017 Boston College Law School

Human Equity? Regulating The New Income Share Agreements, Diane M. Ring, Shu-Yi Oei

Shu-Yi Oei

A controversial new financing phenomenon has recently emerged. New “income share agreements” (“ISAs”) enable an individual to raise funds by pledging a percentage of her future earnings to investors for a certain number of years. These contracts, which are offered by entities such as Fantex, Upstart, Pave, and Lumni, raise important questions for the legal system: Are they a form of modern-day indentured servitude or an innovative breakthrough in human financing? How should they be treated under the law? This Article constitutes the first real attempt in the legal literature to comprehensively address the public policy and legal issues raised ...


Beyond "Best Practices": Employment-Discrimination Law In The Neoliberal Era, Deborah Dinner 2017 Emory University

Beyond "Best Practices": Employment-Discrimination Law In The Neoliberal Era, Deborah Dinner

Indiana Law Journal

Why does U.S. legal culture tolerate unprecedented economic inequality even as it valorizes social equality along identity lines? This Article takes a significant step toward answering this question by examining the relationship between U.S. employment-discrimination law and neoliberalism. It shows that the rise of anti-discrimination ideals in the late twentieth century was intertwined with the de-regulation of labor and with cutbacks in the welfare state. The Article argues that even “best practices” to prevent employment discrimination are insufficient to realize a labor market responsive to the needs of low-income workers for adequate wages, safe work conditions, and work ...


Child Labor Trafficking In The United States: A Hidden Crime, Katherine Kaufka Walts JD 2017 Center for the Human Rights of Children at Loyola University Chicago

Child Labor Trafficking In The United States: A Hidden Crime, Katherine Kaufka Walts Jd

Center for the Human Rights of Children

Emerging research brings more attention to labor trafficking in the United States. However, very few efforts have been made to better understand or respond to labor trafficking of minors. Cases of children forced to work as domestic servants, in factories, restaurants, peddling candy or other goods, or on farms may not automatically elicit suspicion from an outside observer as compared to a child providing sexual services for money. In contrast to sex trafficking, labor trafficking is often tied to formal economies and industries, which often makes it more difficult to distinguish from ”legitimate” work, including among adolescents. This article seeks ...


The Progressives: Racism And Public Law, Herbert J. Hovenkamp 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

The Progressives: Racism And Public Law, Herbert J. Hovenkamp

Faculty Scholarship

American Progressivism inaugurated the beginning of the end of American scientific racism. Its critics have been vocal, however. Progressives have been charged with promotion of eugenics, and thus with mainstreaming practices such as compulsory housing segregation, sterilization of those deemed unfit, and exclusion of immigrants on racial grounds. But if the Progressives were such racists, why is it that since the 1930s Afro-Americans and other people of color have consistently supported self-proclaimed progressive political candidates, and typically by very wide margins?

When examining the Progressives on race, it is critical to distinguish the views that they inherited from those that ...


The Ncaa And The Rule Of Reason, Herbert J. Hovenkamp 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

The Ncaa And The Rule Of Reason, Herbert J. Hovenkamp

Faculty Scholarship

This brief essay considers the use of antitrust’s rule of reason in assessing challenges to rule making by the NCAA. In particular, it looks at the O’Bannon case, which involved challenges to NCAA rules limiting the compensation of student athletes under the NCAA rubric that protects the “amateur” status of collegiate athletes. Within that rubric, the Ninth Circuit got the right answer.

That outcome leads to a broader question, however: should the NCAA’s long held goal, frequently supported by the courts, of preserving athletic amateurism be jettisoned? Given the dual role that colleges play, that is a ...


To Solve It Aright: Rerum Novarum And New Jersey's Answer To Catholic Bishop Of Chicago, Daniel T. Paxton 2017 Brigham Young University Law School

To Solve It Aright: Rerum Novarum And New Jersey's Answer To Catholic Bishop Of Chicago, Daniel T. Paxton

Brigham Young University Education and Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Is The Ncaa Finally Loosening Its Iron Grip On College Basketball By Allowing Underclassmen The Opportunity To Return To College After Declaring For The Nba Draft?, Neil Patel 2017 Pepperdine University

Is The Ncaa Finally Loosening Its Iron Grip On College Basketball By Allowing Underclassmen The Opportunity To Return To College After Declaring For The Nba Draft?, Neil Patel

The Journal of Business, Entrepreneurship & the Law

The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Oversight Committee has proposed a new rule that allows undergraduate college basketball players to reject the National Basketball Association (NBA) and return to school after they have submitted their name for the draft. This rule represents a great change in the policies that regulate college sports, specifically college basketball. The NCAA has ruled college basketball with an iron fist, but with this new proposal, it seems that it is beginning to help our college athletes sustain some semblance of a normal life after their playing days are over. Importantly, the rule is merely a ...


Employed By An Algorithm: Labor Rights In The On-Demand Economy, Elizabeth J. Kennedy 2017 Seattle University School of Law

Employed By An Algorithm: Labor Rights In The On-Demand Economy, Elizabeth J. Kennedy

Seattle University Law Review

This Article analyzes the viability of legislation extending labor rights to workers currently excluded from protection in the on-demand economy. Uber, perhaps the most well-known business operating in the on-demand economy, classifies its drivers as independent contractors, which strips them of federal rights to organize a union. Uber argues that its algorithm-based business model has essentially transformed the employment relationship, suggesting traditional labor laws are no longer necessary. This argument is belied by the economic realities of the workers who make those algorithms possible and profitable. While some prefer working multiple “gigs,” many on-demand workers struggle to piece together full-time ...


The Role Of Law In Educational Decision Making - A Symposium - Introduction, Donald W. Dowd 2017 Selected Works

The Role Of Law In Educational Decision Making - A Symposium - Introduction, Donald W. Dowd

Donald W. Dowd

No abstract provided.


Walking On Eggshells In The Workplace: Denying Workers’ Compensation Liability Using The Employee Knowledge Standard In Ramirez-Trujillo V. Quality Egg, L.L.C., Christopher Cataldo 2017 Boston College Law School

Walking On Eggshells In The Workplace: Denying Workers’ Compensation Liability Using The Employee Knowledge Standard In Ramirez-Trujillo V. Quality Egg, L.L.C., Christopher Cataldo

Boston College Journal of Law & Social Justice

On April 15, 2016, the Iowa Supreme Court held that employers in workers’ compensation cases could deny liability for medical expenses incurred by employees even if they did not give notice to the employee that expenses were no longer authorized. Employers can avoid liability by demonstrating that the employee knew or reasonably should have known that such expenses were no longer authorized at the time the employee incurred them. In reaching this decision, the Iowa Supreme Court reversed two lower court decisions and the workers’ compensation commissioner. Judge Daryl L. Hecht’s dissent argued against the majority’s new “employee ...


Riding The Wave: Uplifting Labor Organizations Through Immigration Reform, Jayesh M. Rathod 2017 American University

Riding The Wave: Uplifting Labor Organizations Through Immigration Reform, Jayesh M. Rathod

Jayesh Rathod

No abstract provided.


Reimagining The Law Of Self-Employment: A Comparative Perspective, Jayesh M. Rathod, Michal Skapski 2017 Selected Works

Reimagining The Law Of Self-Employment: A Comparative Perspective, Jayesh M. Rathod, Michal Skapski

Jayesh Rathod

U.S. employment law has traditionally disfavored bright-line rules to distinguish between traditional “employees” and independent contractors, instead relying on more flexible criteria, to be applied on a case-by-case basis. This fluidity has enabled employers to structure these relationships – and the corresponding bundle of worker rights and benefits – in ways that serve their own material and normative interests. Indeed, recent employment law literature has noted a dramatic shift towards independent contracting and contingent worker schemes in the U.S., even when the actual workplace dynamics are more akin to an employer-employee relationship. These same trends are now visible on the ...


A Gateway Into The South?: The Effect Of The Uaw's Proposed Introduction Of European-Style Works Councils Into Collective Bargaining In The United States, Gregory Mark 2017 University of Georgia School of Law

A Gateway Into The South?: The Effect Of The Uaw's Proposed Introduction Of European-Style Works Councils Into Collective Bargaining In The United States, Gregory Mark

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Organizing The Academcy: Strategies And Structures, William A. Herbert 2017 Hunter College, City University of New York

Organizing The Academcy: Strategies And Structures, William A. Herbert

William A. Herbert

Legal history and labor law concepts are essential tools for analyzing structures of unionization and collective bargaining, and in developing effective strategies.  Reductionism concerning labor law can lead to flawed analysis.  This powerpoint presentation briefly reviews the history and concepts, and provides fresh data regarding new faculty and student employee unionization, and strikes (Powerpoint, 17-28).

Prior to the creation and application of statutory associational rights, some higher education institutions voluntarily recognized and negotiated with unions representing faculty and other workers on campus.   Voluntary recognition, which includes foregoing procedures for certification under the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) and similar public ...


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