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Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca 2015 University of Akron

Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca

Ryan G. Vacca

Authorship, and hence, initial ownership of copyrighted works is oftentimes controlled by the 1976 Copyright Act’s work made for hire doctrine. This doctrine states that works created by employees within the scope of their employment result in the employer owning the copyright. One key determination in this analysis is whether the hired party is an employee or independent contractor. In 1989, the U.S. Supreme Court, in CCNV v. Reid, answered the question of how employees are distinguished from independent contractors by setting forth a list of factors courts should consider. Unfortunately, the Supreme Court did not give further ...


Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca 2015 University of Akron

Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca

Akron Law Publications

Authorship, and hence, initial ownership of copyrighted works is oftentimes controlled by the 1976 Copyright Act’s work made for hire doctrine. This doctrine states that works created by employees within the scope of their employment result in the employer owning the copyright. One key determination in this analysis is whether the hired party is an employee or independent contractor. In 1989, the U.S. Supreme Court, in CCNV v. Reid, answered the question of how employees are distinguished from independent contractors by setting forth a list of factors courts should consider. Unfortunately, the Supreme Court did not give further ...


A Tale Of Two Appellations: A Comparative Study Of International Agreements And Prevailing Law Impacting The Availability Of Seasonal Employees For The Wine-Grape Harvest In California's Napa Valley And France's Bordeaux Appellation, Michael K. Edmonson 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

A Tale Of Two Appellations: A Comparative Study Of International Agreements And Prevailing Law Impacting The Availability Of Seasonal Employees For The Wine-Grape Harvest In California's Napa Valley And France's Bordeaux Appellation, Michael K. Edmonson

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Equality And The European Union, Elizabeth F. Defeis 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Equality And The European Union, Elizabeth F. Defeis

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Right Of Revolution: Black Trade Unions, Workplace Forums, And The Struggle For Democracy In South Africa, C. Matthew Smith 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

The Right Of Revolution: Black Trade Unions, Workplace Forums, And The Struggle For Democracy In South Africa, C. Matthew Smith

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Subordinate Or Independent, Status Or Contract, Clarity Or Circularity: British Employment Law, American Implications, Harry Hutchison 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Subordinate Or Independent, Status Or Contract, Clarity Or Circularity: British Employment Law, American Implications, Harry Hutchison

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Checks And Ballots: Union Recognition In The United States, Canada, And The United Kingdom In Light Of The Employee Free Choice Act, Liegia S. DiFazio 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Checks And Ballots: Union Recognition In The United States, Canada, And The United Kingdom In Light Of The Employee Free Choice Act, Liegia S. Difazio

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Naalc And Mexico's Ley Federal Para Prevenir Y Eliminar La Discriminacion: Further Failure Under A Flawed Treaty Or The Beginning Of Meaningful Protection From Employment Discrimination Throughout North America?, Philip DeHart 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

The Naalc And Mexico's Ley Federal Para Prevenir Y Eliminar La Discriminacion: Further Failure Under A Flawed Treaty Or The Beginning Of Meaningful Protection From Employment Discrimination Throughout North America?, Philip Dehart

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


On “Trafficking And Health”, Dominique Stewart 2014 Chapman University

On “Trafficking And Health”, Dominique Stewart

e-Research: A Journal of Undergraduate Work

This paper discusses the article "Trafficking and Health" by Joanna Busza, Sarah Castle, and Aisse Diarra. Human trafficking is unfortunately addressed by many political systems as a migration issue ‐‐ to be dealt with by restricting the rights of migrants, tightening border controls, etc. However, as we see in this article it is more of a health and human rights issue than anything else. Addressing a problem with the wrong diagnosis does nothing to solve it and oftentimes exacerbates it, and human trafficking is no exception to this. But with the right approaches, the damage caused by trafficking can be mitigated ...


"Welcome To Europe, Which Has Always Been Yours": Are Bulgarians And Gypsies Second Class Citizens?, Adriana Hristova 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

"Welcome To Europe, Which Has Always Been Yours": Are Bulgarians And Gypsies Second Class Citizens?, Adriana Hristova

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Deterrence To Hiring Illegal Immigrant Workers: Will The New Employer Sanction Provisions Work?, Stephanie E. Steele 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Deterrence To Hiring Illegal Immigrant Workers: Will The New Employer Sanction Provisions Work?, Stephanie E. Steele

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


A Comparative Analysis Of Unconscious And Institutional Discrimination In The United States And Britain, Leland Ware 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

A Comparative Analysis Of Unconscious And Institutional Discrimination In The United States And Britain, Leland Ware

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Jurisprudence Of Discrimination As Opposed To Simple Inequality In The International Civil Service, Brian D. Patterson 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

The Jurisprudence Of Discrimination As Opposed To Simple Inequality In The International Civil Service, Brian D. Patterson

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Subminimum Or Subpar? A Note In Favor Of Repealing The Fair Labor Standards Act's Subminimum Wage Program, Melia Preedy 2014 Seattle University School of Law

Subminimum Or Subpar? A Note In Favor Of Repealing The Fair Labor Standards Act's Subminimum Wage Program, Melia Preedy

Seattle University Law Review

This Note argues for the repeal of Section 14(c) of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), which continues to perpetuate a system allowing employers to pay less than minimum, or “subminimum,” wage to certain employees with disabilities. The Section 14(c) program is a relic of policy leftover from the 1930s and does not help the disabled community, but rather rests on the presumption that persons with disabilities never progress. In light of recent House Resolution 3086, Congress went against the current trend of encouraging maximum independence and equal opportunities for persons with disabilities and instead upheld the subminimum ...


Litigating For The Future Of Public Pensions, Paul M. Secunda 2014 SelectedWorks

Litigating For The Future Of Public Pensions, Paul M. Secunda

Paul M. Secunda

Public pensions are horribly unfunded, millions of public employees are being forced to make greater contributions to their pensions, retirees are being forced to take benefit cuts, retirement ages and service requirements are being increased, and the list goes on and on. These alarming developments involve all level of American government, from the recent move to require new federal employees to contribute more to their pensions, to the significant underfunding of state and local public pension funds across the country, to the sad spectacle of the Detroit municipal bankruptcy where the plight of public pensions plays a leading role in ...


A European Solution To America’S Basketball Problem: Reforming Amateur Basketball In The United States, Jaimie K. McFarlin, Joshua Lee 2014 SelectedWorks

A European Solution To America’S Basketball Problem: Reforming Amateur Basketball In The United States, Jaimie K. Mcfarlin, Joshua Lee

Jaimie K. McFarlin

The system of amateur and collegiate basketball in America is flawed, as every year, thousands of young men and women pursue their basketball dreams under the shadow of a multi-million dollar, predatory business model. Integral to telling the history of the NCAA and AAU organizations are recruiting horror stories and other examples of young talents who were taken advantage of by unscrupulous actors, both of which continue today. The commercialization and professionalization of amateur basketball has fed an ecosystem of exploitation in which private actors and institutions capitalize on the American mantra of "amateurism." The European system of amateur athletics ...


The Nba's 2011 Collectively Bargained Amnesty Clause-Exploring The Fundamentals, Adam Epstein, Kathryn Kisska-Schulze 2014 SelectedWorks

The Nba's 2011 Collectively Bargained Amnesty Clause-Exploring The Fundamentals, Adam Epstein, Kathryn Kisska-Schulze

Adam Epstein

The purpose of this article is to fundamentally introduce the amnesty clause, a relatively new provision in the labor and employment law discussions involving sport. The expression amnesty clause or amnesty provision is found in the 2011 NBA CBA. To date, academic references to the amnesty clause within the sport genre are virtually non-existent. The amnesty clause provides NBA teams a tool to release players from their contracts if they feel that the player turned out to be a bad investment, regardless of the reason. Additionally, by releasing a player under an amnesty clause provision, the team exercising the clause ...


Cracks In The Shield: The Necessity Of The Employment Non-Discrimination Act, James N. Bolotin 2014 SelectedWorks

Cracks In The Shield: The Necessity Of The Employment Non-Discrimination Act, James N. Bolotin

James N Bolotin

This paper argues that legislation protecting homosexuals from employment discrimination is necessary, despite hopeful arguments that the text of Title VII should or can already protect against discrimination based on sexual orientation. The paper discusses how the precedent of the federal courts has gone too far in the wrong direction to believe that they will fix this interpretation problem on their own. Furthermore, it posits that the passage of ENDA or similar legislation will successfully lessen the prevalence of this type of discrimination.

Part I considers the history of Title VII’s “because of sex” protection. This includes a short ...


But We Were Born Free: The Racial & Sexual Quota As A Constitutiional Bill Of Attainder, David D. Butler 2014 SelectedWorks

But We Were Born Free: The Racial & Sexual Quota As A Constitutiional Bill Of Attainder, David D. Butler

David D. Butler

Racial & Sexual Quota Schemes meet or equal every constitutionial forbidden practice ennumerated in the bar against government's use of bills of attainder or bills of pains and penalities.


"That Gear Stick Is Not Your Husband's P----." Why The Dissent In Vance V. Ball State University Got It Right, And A Comparison Of The Law Of Employer Vicarious Liability For Sexual Harassment In The United States And South Africa, Justin A. Behravesh 2014 SelectedWorks

"That Gear Stick Is Not Your Husband's P----." Why The Dissent In Vance V. Ball State University Got It Right, And A Comparison Of The Law Of Employer Vicarious Liability For Sexual Harassment In The United States And South Africa, Justin A. Behravesh

Justin A. Behravesh

This article provides unique critical analysis of the United States Supreme Court's June 2013 decision of Vance v. Ball State University, by comparing that decision to recent South African common law and statutory developments. I argue that Vance's redefinition of what constitutes a "supervisor" for purposes of vicarious liability will have devastating effect on working women in the United States. Ultimately using South African law as a model framework, I conclude that the factors that should trigger vicarious liability should be based on policy concerns, not arbitrary definitions of what constitutes a "supervisor."


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