Netflix And Quill: Using Access And Consumption To Create A Plan For Taxing The Cloud, 2017 College of William & Mary Law School
Netflix And Quill: Using Access And Consumption To Create A Plan For Taxing The Cloud, William L. Fletcher Jr.
William & Mary Law Review
No abstract provided.
Taft V. Bowers: The Foundation For Non-Recognition Provisions In The Income Tax, 2017 Boston College Law School
Taft V. Bowers: The Foundation For Non-Recognition Provisions In The Income Tax, James R. Repetti
Boston College Law School Faculty Papers
Taft v. Bowers is a Supreme Court decision that is rarely studied in law schools or discussed by scholars. Yet, it is a case of vast significance. In the Taft decision, the Supreme Court confirmed that Congress may create non-recognition exceptions to the income tax that merely defer the recognition of income, rather than permanently exclude it. If the Taft case had been decided differently, it is likely that the number of non-recognition provisions in the Internal Revenue Code ("Code") would be significantly reduced.
Taxing Wealth Seriously, 2017 University of Southern California;California Institute of Tecnology
Taxing Wealth Seriously, Edward J. Mccaffery
Edward J McCaffery
Regulating Tax Return Preparation, 2017 Rutgers University
Regulating Tax Return Preparation, Jay A. Soled, Kathleen Delaney Thomas
Boston College Law Review
Annually, the U.S. government collects nearly $3 trillion of income and employment taxes. With respect to these collections, Form 1040 (U.S. Individual Income Tax Return) seeks to ensure taxpayer accuracy. Currently, two sets of players dominate the Form 1040 preparation and submission process: tax return preparers and tax return preparation software companies. The former guides taxpayers through the entire tax return preparation and submission process, and the latter provides taxpayers with the necessary tools to complete and submit tax returns themselves. Tax return preparers and tax software companies thus stand as vital intermediaries between the government and taxpayers ...
Joint Winners, Separate Losers: Proposals To Ease The Sting For Married Taxpayers Filing Separately, 2017 Washington and Lee University School of Law
Joint Winners, Separate Losers: Proposals To Ease The Sting For Married Taxpayers Filing Separately, Michelle Lyon Drumbl
Michelle L Drumbl
A taxpayer who is “considered as married” according to the Internal Revenue Code’s definition must file either a joint income tax return or an individual return using the “married filing separately” filing status. Those married taxpayers who file a separate, rather than a joint, income tax return are denied valuable benefits and subjected to a host of other unfavorable limitations. Low-income taxpayers, in particular, are hurt by these limitations. Certain married taxpayers, including victims of domestic violence and abandoned spouses, may have no choice but to file using the married filing separately status. Low-income taxpayers are denied tremendous benefits ...
Estate Of Purdue: A Blueprint For Flping, 2017 Florida A&M University College of Law
Estate Of Purdue: A Blueprint For Flping, Phyllis C. Taite
In this article, Taite examines Estate of Purdue, in which the Tax Court held that assets of the decedent that were transferred to the family limited liability company were not includable in the gross estate, that transfers to the family trust qualified for an annual exclusion, and that the estate could deduct interest on loans from the estate’s beneficiaries.
A Reflection On Tax Collecting: Opening A Can Of Worms To Clean Up A Collection Due Process Jurisdictional Mess, 2017 Alexander Blewett III School of Law at the University of Montana
A Reflection On Tax Collecting: Opening A Can Of Worms To Clean Up A Collection Due Process Jurisdictional Mess, Pippa Browde
Faculty Law Review Articles
Almost 20 years ago Congress enacted the Internal Revenue Service Restructuring and Reform Act of 1998 (RRA 98), with the intention of protecting taxpayers against perceived abuses in tax collection by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). RRA 98 contained provisions creating the so-called collection due process (CDP) provisions. CDP changed existing law by providing taxpayers with a pre-deprivation right to an administrative hearing and judicial review of any proposed collection actions by the IRS such as liens or levies. CDP has been both championed as a valuable mechanism to protect taxpayers from improper collection and criticized as a tool used ...
Recent Developments In Federal Income Taxation: The Year 2016, 2017 University of Florida Levin College of Law
Recent Developments In Federal Income Taxation: The Year 2016, Martin J. Mcmahon Jr., Bruce A. Mcgovern
UF Law Faculty Publications
This recent developments outline discusses, and provides context to understand the significance of, the most important judicial decisions and administrative rulings and regulations promulgated by the Internal Revenue Service and Treasury Department during the most recent twelve months—and sometimes a little farther back in time if we find the item particularly humorous or outrageous. Most Treasury Regulations, however, are so complex that they cannot be discussed in detail, and, anyway, only a devout masochist would read them all the way through; just the basic topic and fundamental principles are highlighted—unless one of us decides to go nuts and ...
Putting The Substance Back Into The Economic Substance Doctrine, 2017 Brooklyn Law School
Putting The Substance Back Into The Economic Substance Doctrine, Nicholas Giordano
Brooklyn Journal of Corporate, Financial & Commercial Law
The foreign tax credit, which saves U.S. taxpayers from paying both foreign and domestic income taxes on the same income, is critical to facilitating global commerce. However, as savvy taxpayers discover increasingly complicated ways to abuse the foreign tax credit regime through the structuring of business transactions, courts have become increasingly skeptical of the validity of those transactions. Using the economic substance doctrine, a common law doctrine codified in 2010 at I.R.C. § 7701(o), courts will disallow tax benefits stemming from a transaction that is not profitable absent its tax benefits, and which the taxpayer had no ...
The Illusion Of Fiscal Illusion In Regulatory Takings, 2017 American University Washington College of Law
The Illusion Of Fiscal Illusion In Regulatory Takings, Bethany R. Berger
American University Law Review
No abstract provided.
Destination-Based Cash-Flow Taxation: A Critical Appraisal, 2017 Allard School of Law at the University of British Columbia
Destination-Based Cash-Flow Taxation: A Critical Appraisal, Wei Cui
This article offers the first comprehensive scholarly response to proposals for destination-based, cash-flow taxation (DCFT). DCFT proposals have attracted heightened public attention in 2016 because of its incorporation into the U.S. House Republican Blueprint for tax reform and Donald Trump’s subsequent election to the White House. They also continue to fascinate tax specialists by suggesting that corporate profit can not only be taxed in countries of “source” or “residence,” but also (or even exclusively) in the countries where sales to final consumers occur. This Article clarifies the logical structure of DCFT proposals and exposes substantial gaps between their ...
Taxation Without Information: The Institutional Foundations Of Modern Tax Collection, 2017 Allard School of Law at the University of British Columbia
Taxation Without Information: The Institutional Foundations Of Modern Tax Collection, Wei Cui
A prominent strand of recent economic and legal scholarship hypothesizes that third-party information reporting (TPIR) is essential to modern tax collection. The slogan, “no taxation without information,” has captured researchers’ imagination and is even often presented as self-evident truth. This Article offers a fundamentally different perspective, arguing that the emphasis on TPIR is misplaced. TPIR is used largely in the collection of the personal income tax but not of many other types of modern taxes. Even for the personal income tax, TPIR also has close substitutes which do not involve information transmission to the government. Theoretically, the appeal to TPIR ...
Behavioral Public Choice And The Carbon Tax, 2017 Texas A&M University School of Law
Behavioral Public Choice And The Carbon Tax, Gary M. Lucas Jr
In response to the historic Paris Agreement on climate change and to the Environmental Protection Agency’s recently finalized Clean Power Plan, economists and other climate policy experts have renewed the call for the United States to adopt a carbon tax. Opposition among the public presents a major obstacle. While a majority of the public supports government action on climate change, most people favor the use of “green” subsidies and command-and-control regulations—a fact that frustrates economists of all political stripes who contend that a carbon tax would be much cheaper and more effective. This Article argues that a cognitive ...
The Definitions Of Income, 2017 Georgetown University Law Center
The Definitions Of Income, John R. Brooks
Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works
What is income? It’s a seemingly simple question that’s surprisingly hard to answer. Income is the basis for assigning tax burdens, for distributing transfers, and for broader normative issues of inequality and justice. Yet we lack a shared conception of income, and a pure, rigorous definition of income is impossible. In this Article I review the intellectual history of the income concept among tax and fiscal theorists to show the difficulty of the problem, and also to show that some important debates about what’s proper under an income tax can be explained instead as arguments over competing ...
Who Owns Human Capital?, 2017 Seattle University Law School
Who Owns Human Capital?, Lily Kahng
Washington University Law Review
This Article analyzes the tax law’s capital income preference through the lens of intellectual capital, an increasingly important driver of economic productivity whose value derives primarily from workers’ knowledge, experience and skills. The Article discusses how business owners increasingly are able to “propertize” labor into intellectual capital—to capture the returns on their workers’ labor by embedding it in intellectual property and to restrict workers’ ability to employ their skills and knowledge elsewhere. The Article then shows how the tax law provides significant subsidies to the process of propertization and thereby contributes to the inequitable distribution of returns between ...
Simplexity: Plain Language And The Tax Law, 2017 New York University School of Law
Simplexity: Plain Language And The Tax Law, Joshua D. Blank, Leigh Osofsky
In recent years, federal government agencies have increasingly attempted to use plain language in written communications with the public. The Plain Writing Act of 2010, for instance, requires agencies to incorporate "clear and simple" explanations of rules and regulations into their official publications. In the tax context, as part of its "customer service" mission, the Internal Revenue Service bears a "duty to explain" the tax law to hundreds of millions of taxpayers who file tax returns each year. Proponents of the plain language movement have heralded this form of communication as leading to simplicity in tax compliance, more equitable access ...
Tampon Taxes, Discrimination, And Human Rights, 2017 Elisabeth Haub School of Law at Pace University
Tampon Taxes, Discrimination, And Human Rights, Bridget J. Crawford
Pace Law Faculty Publications
This Article makes two contributions to the study of taxation. First, it argues that the “tampon tax”--an umbrella term to describe sales, VAT, and similar “luxury” taxes imposed on menstrual hygiene products--illustrates how deeply embedded gender is in legal structures such as the tax system that are thought to be neutral. Second, this Article posits that tax reform is an essential tool in achieving both gender equality and human rights. In recent months, activists around the globe have harnessed the power of the Internet to raise awareness of the tampon tax. In response to pressure from constituents, five states ...
Donor Advised Funds: Charitable Spending Vehicles For 21st Century Philanthropy, 2017 The Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law
Donor Advised Funds: Charitable Spending Vehicles For 21st Century Philanthropy, Roger Colinvaux
Scholarly Articles and Other Contributions
The donor advised fund (DAF) is changing longstanding giving norms in United States philanthropy. DAF contributions now account for around 8.4% of giving by individuals in the U.S. Over half of those contributions go to national DAF sponsors that have relationships with large commercial investment firms like Fidelity, Vanguard, and Schwab. This Article seeks to advance the understanding of the donor advised fund and to address two of the main policy questions: whether to require a mandatory distribution of funds by DAFs and their sponsoring organizations and how to respond to the increased use of DAFs for noncash ...
Legitimate Expectations In Canada: Soft Law And Tax Administration, 2017 Osgoode Hall Law School of York University
Legitimate Expectations In Canada: Soft Law And Tax Administration, Sas Ansari, Lorne Sossin
Articles & Book Chapters
This chapter examines the relationship between legitimate expectations and soft law. In what circumstances can an agency’s guidelines create law — or at least legally enforceable expectations? At first glance, the answer would appear obvious. The key reason for developing soft law is to provide guidance and transparency as to the process (and sometimes the substance) of administrative action. Soft law by its nature gives rise to expectations. Whether those expectations, in turn, give rise to legal effects is decidedly less clear. In fact, this question has vexed Canadian administrative law. Nowhere are questions of soft law and legitimate expectations ...
Tax Cannibalization And Fiscal Federalism In The United States, 2017 Indiana University Maurer School of Law
Tax Cannibalization And Fiscal Federalism In The United States, David Gamage, Darien Shanske
Articles by Maurer Faculty
We began this project pondering a riddle. Most state governments have adopted what we-and many others-view as clearly suboptimal tax policies, especially in regard to the taxation of corporate income and capital gains. Yet, with the notable exception of those who oppose progressivity and the taxation of capital, state-level tax policymakers have had remarkably little appetite for reform.
This Article provides one major explanation for this riddle by identifying and demonstrating a phenomenon that we label as "tax cannibalization." We argue that flawed state-level tax policies derive in part from perverse incentives inadvertently created by the federal government.