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Charitable Contributions In Lieu Of Salt Deductions, David Gamage 2018 Indiana University Maurer School of Law

Charitable Contributions In Lieu Of Salt Deductions, David Gamage

Articles by Maurer Faculty

State governments are considering new charitable tax credits designed to circumvent the 2017 federal tax overhaul’s cap on state and local tax deductions. Will these plans work? This essay argues that the answer is: yes, but with some qualifications.


The Offshore Tax Enforcement Dragnet, Shu-Yi Oei 2018 Boston College Law School

The Offshore Tax Enforcement Dragnet, Shu-Yi Oei

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

Taxpayers who hide assets abroad to evade taxes present a serious enforcement challenge for the United States. In response, the United States has developed a family of initiatives that punish and rehabilitate non-compliant taxpayers, raise revenues, and require widespread reporting of offshore financial information by financial institutions and taxpayers. Yet, while these initiatives help catch willful tax cheats, they have also adversely affected immigrants, Americans living abroad, and “accidental Americans.”

This Article critiques the United States’ offshore tax enforcement initiatives, such as the Foreign Account Tax Compliant Act and the Internal Revenue Service’s offshore voluntary disclosure programs. It argues ...


The Definitions Of Income, John R. Brooks 2018 Georgetown University Law Center

The Definitions Of Income, John R. Brooks

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

What is income? It’s a seemingly simple question that’s surprisingly hard to answer. Income is the basis for assigning tax burdens, for distributing transfers, and for broader normative issues of inequality and justice. Yet we lack a shared conception of income, and a pure, rigorous definition of income is impossible. In this Article I review the intellectual history of the income concept among tax and fiscal theorists to show the difficulty of the problem, and also to show that some important debates about what’s proper under an income tax can be explained instead as arguments over competing ...


Curing The Cost Disease: Legal Education, Legal Services, And The Role Of Income-Contingent Loans, John R. Brooks 2018 Georgetown University Law Center

Curing The Cost Disease: Legal Education, Legal Services, And The Role Of Income-Contingent Loans, John R. Brooks

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

The costs of both legal education and legal services have been rising steadily for decades. This is because they share a common root: the constant above-inflation growth in the cost of labor-intensive goods and services known as the “cost disease.” The cost disease story roots cost growth not in market failure or bureaucratic waste, but in natural, even healthy, economic forces—productivity and wage growth. Because the source of this cost growth is productivity growth, the nature of the cost disease is such that an economy as a whole can afford these rising costs. But in a world of deep ...


Stategraft, Bernadette Atuahene, Timothy Hodge 2017 Chicago-Kent College of Law

Stategraft, Bernadette Atuahene, Timothy Hodge

Bernadette Atuahene

Although sometimes difficult to detect, governmental power abuses can have detrimental impacts. Property tax assessments provide an effective lens to examine this phenomenon because, given the complexity of calculating property tax assessments, it is difficult for citizens to know when local government has exceeded its legitimate taxing authority and crossed into the realm of illegal extraction. Michigan is an ideal case study because it protects property owners by making assessment-related power abuses more visible through a unique state constitutional provision: property tax assessments cannot exceed 50 percent of a property’s market value. Abuses have persisted nevertheless. Between 2011 and ...


A Partial Defense Of Section 501c4s Catchall Nature, Lloyd Hitoshi Mayer 2017 University of Notre Dame

A Partial Defense Of Section 501c4s Catchall Nature, Lloyd Hitoshi Mayer

Lloyd Hitoshi Mayer

Internal Revenue Code section 501(c)(4) provides exemption from federal income tax for “social welfare” organizations. The vagueness of this term and the failure of the Treasury Department and Internal Revenue Service to interpret it in a manner that would significantly limit that vagueness has led some commentators to criticize this section’s “catchall” nature. While much scholarly attention has been paid to this criticism with respect to the most visible section 501(c)(4) organizations, particularly those involved in political campaign activity and lobbying, almost no attention has been paid to the many less common types of section ...


Tit For Tat: How Will Other Countries React To The Tax Cuts And Jobs Act?, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah, Gianluca Mazzoni 2017 University of Michigan Law School

Tit For Tat: How Will Other Countries React To The Tax Cuts And Jobs Act?, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah, Gianluca Mazzoni

Law & Economics Working Papers

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (TRA17) represents the most comprehensive reform of US international tax rules since 1962. An important question in evaluating TRA17 is how US trading partners will respond to its provisions. In general, US trading partners may take steps to negate the competitive advantage gained by the US from the lower rate of corporate tax, expensing and the “patent box”. They may also take advantage of the participation exemption and the cross-crediting feature of GILTI to increase taxes on US multinationals. Finally, they are likely to copy the BEAT and apply it to US ...


Something's Gotta Give: Origin-Based E-Commerce Sales Tax, Juliana Frenkel 2017 Brooklyn Law School

Something's Gotta Give: Origin-Based E-Commerce Sales Tax, Juliana Frenkel

Brooklyn Journal of Corporate, Financial & Commercial Law

How to tax interstate online purchases is a frequently debated and contentious topic in the business and tax arena. There are numerous parties affected when a transaction occurs and each affected party would like a taxation policy that benefits its own economic interests, without regard for others. Neither the legislative nor the judicial branch has successfully resolved this e-commerce taxation issue. With the growing need for tax revenue, it is prudent for Congress to finally resolve this circuit split and agree on a unifying Online Sales Tax Law. As opposed to the vast majority of proposals pending in Congress, this ...


Income Tax Concerns With Purpose Trusts, Thomas E. Simmons 2017 University of South Dakota School of Law

Income Tax Concerns With Purpose Trusts, Thomas E. Simmons

Thomas E. Simmons

No abstract provided.


Cybersecurity And Tax Information: A Vicious Cycle?, Diane M. Ring 2017 Boston College Law School

Cybersecurity And Tax Information: A Vicious Cycle?, Diane M. Ring

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

A review of Michael Hatfield, Cybersecurity and Tax Reform, 93 Ind. L.J., scheduled to be published in Spring 2018.


The Centennial Of The Estate And Gift Tax: Perspectives And Recommendations, Panel 1, James R. Repetti, Jennifer Bird-Pollan, Paul L. Caron, David Joulfaian 2017 Boston College Law School

The Centennial Of The Estate And Gift Tax: Perspectives And Recommendations, Panel 1, James R. Repetti, Jennifer Bird-Pollan, Paul L. Caron, David Joulfaian

Jennifer Bird-Pollan

Welcome and Introductory Remarks James Repetti, William J. Kenealy, S.J. Professor, Boston College Law School Panel 1: Whether it is desirable to tax the gratuitous transfer of wealth during life or at death Participants: Jennifer Bird-Pollan (University of Kentucky College of Law) Paul Caron (Pepperdine University School of Law) Dr. David Joulfaian (U.S. Department of the Treasury) Commentator and Moderator:James Repetti (Boston College Law School)


Protective Claims For Refund: Protecting The Interests Of Taxpayers And The Irs, Kristy M. Bowden 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Protective Claims For Refund: Protecting The Interests Of Taxpayers And The Irs, Kristy M. Bowden

Maine Law Review

The Internal Revenue Code provides taxpayers wishing to claim a refund of an overpayment of taxes with a simple, straightforward provision setting forth a taxpayer's right to make such a claim. Additionally, regulations exist that provide for the procedure to be followed in order to claim a refund, further clarifying what is expected of the taxpayer. Unfortunately, not all situations that give rise to the right to claim a refund are so straightforward and simple. Taxpayers may find themselves in a situation that seems to have very little direct connection with tax, but may nonetheless result in significant tax ...


26 Usc Section 280e: Will The Dragon Now Be Slayed?, Bill Greenberg, Rebecca Greenberg 2017 Brooklyn Law School

26 Usc Section 280e: Will The Dragon Now Be Slayed?, Bill Greenberg, Rebecca Greenberg

Journal of Law and Policy

26 USC § 280E of the Internal Revenue Code (“§ 280E”) prohibits the deduction of ordinary business expenses for businesses deemed by the federal government to be drug traffickers as defined by the Controlled Substances Act (“CSA”). The tax enactment is specifically designed to serve as a disincentive to socalled drug traffickers who might otherwise deduct “ordinary and necessary business expenses” from their taxes. However, this harms legitimate cannabis businesses by promoting unintended consequences, such as under-reported income. For three decades, there has been a patent incongruity between § 280E’s congressional purpose and the expansion of state-legalized cannabis businesses in the United ...


The Triumph Of Beps: Us Tax Reform And The Single Tax Principle, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah 2017 University of Michigan Law School

The Triumph Of Beps: Us Tax Reform And The Single Tax Principle, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah

Law & Economics Working Papers

The Tax Cut and Jobs Act (TRA17) as passed by the House on November 16 and by the Senate on December 2, 2017, contains multiple provisions that incorporate the principles of the OECD/G20 Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) into domestic US tax law. Together with the changes in the 2016 model US tax treaty, these provisions mean that the US is following the EU and China in implementing BEPS and in particular its underlying principle, the single tax principle (i.e., all income should be subject to tax once: passive income at the residence state rate and active ...


A Consumer Protection Rationale For Regulation Of Tax Return Preparers, Pippa Browde 2017 Marquette University Law School

A Consumer Protection Rationale For Regulation Of Tax Return Preparers, Pippa Browde

Marquette Law Review

Of the 150 million tax returns filed each year, approximately fifty-six percent are prepared with the help of a paid preparer. Although state-licensed lawyers and certified public accountants may prepare tax returns for clients, the vast majority of paid tax return preparers are completely unregulated. For low-income taxpayers who are eligible for refundable tax credits, these unregulated tax return preparers do more than just fill out tax returns. Return preparers who serve low-income taxpayers often also market consumer credit products, such as refund anticipation loans or checks.

Government agencies and consumer advocates have documented widespread problems with the tax return ...


Securing Charitable Contribution Deductions, Paul G. Schloemer 2017 Cedarville University

Securing Charitable Contribution Deductions, Paul G. Schloemer

Business Administration Faculty Publications

Issues regarding charitable contributions have been a frequent source of contention between the IRS and taxpayers - the charitable contribution deduction was identified as one of the most litigated issues in the National Taxpayer Advocate’s latest report to Congress.1 Thus, a review of the key issues taxpayers encounter in claiming this deduction is warranted.


Macroeconomic Modeling Of Tax Policy: A Comparison Of Current Methodologies, Itai Grinberg, Alan J. Auerbach, Thomas A. Barthold, Nicholas Bull, W. Gavin Elkins, Pamela J. Moomau, Rachel Moore, Benjamin Page, Brandon Pecoraro, Kyle Pomerleau 2017 Georgetown University Law Center

Macroeconomic Modeling Of Tax Policy: A Comparison Of Current Methodologies, Itai Grinberg, Alan J. Auerbach, Thomas A. Barthold, Nicholas Bull, W. Gavin Elkins, Pamela J. Moomau, Rachel Moore, Benjamin Page, Brandon Pecoraro, Kyle Pomerleau

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

The macroeconomic effects of tax reform are a subject of significant discussion and controversy. In 2015, the House of Representatives adopted a new “dynamic scoring” rule requiring a point estimate within the budget window of the deficit effect due to the macroeconomic response to certain proposed tax legislation. The revenue estimates provided by the staff of the Joint Committee on Taxation (JCT) for major tax bills often play a critical role in Congressional deliberations and public discussion of those bills. The JCT has long had macroeconomic analytic capability, and in recent years, responding to Congress’ interest in macrodynamic estimates for ...


A Destination-Based Cash Flow Tax Can Be Structured To Comply With World Trade Organization Rules, Itai Grinberg 2017 Georgetown University Law Center

A Destination-Based Cash Flow Tax Can Be Structured To Comply With World Trade Organization Rules, Itai Grinberg

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

This paper briefly outlines alternative approaches to enacting a destination-based cash flow tax that are more clearly compatible with the World Trade Organization rules than the approach that has previously been described in the literature. The first structural alternative involves expanding the universe of businesses subject to the tax by clearly defining both the base of the new U.S. business tax and its tax nexus requirement as domestic consumption, and thereafter treating foreign importers and other sellers equivalently, rather than imposing a deduction disallowance or an import tax. The second alternative involves adopting a business activities tax, and then ...


Corporate Tax Avoidance And Honoring The Fiduciary Duties Owed To The Corporation And Its Stockholders, Eric C. Chaffee, Karie Davis-Nozemack 2017 University of Toledo College of Law

Corporate Tax Avoidance And Honoring The Fiduciary Duties Owed To The Corporation And Its Stockholders, Eric C. Chaffee, Karie Davis-Nozemack

Boston College Law Review

Corporate tax avoidance is a pressing issue of both national and international concern. Corporations usually claim that they are legally required to engage in aggressive tax strategies. But this Article proves that claim is incorrect when based upon the fiduciary duties owed to the corporation and its stockholders. Directors and other corporate managers often look to the classic case of Dodge v. Ford, which is ubiquitous in corporate law from the boardroom to the courtroom, as a North Star that guides them toward and defines their fiduciary duties to the corporation and its stockholders. In Dodge, the court held, “A ...


Once More, With Feeling: The 'Tax Cuts And Jobs' Act And The Original Intent Of Subpart F, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah, Nirf Fishbien 2017 University of Michigan Law School

Once More, With Feeling: The 'Tax Cuts And Jobs' Act And The Original Intent Of Subpart F, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah, Nirf Fishbien

Law & Economics Working Papers

For the first time since 1913, Congress is considering abandoning the principle that US residents should be subject to tax on all income “from whatever source derived.” Specifically, the House proposed tax reform legislation, the so-called “Tax Cuts and Jobs Act”, would completely exempt from US taxation dividends from “Controlled Foreign Corporations”. This is therefore a good occasion for considering the reasons we tax such dividends in the first place.

In the course of investigating the Stanley Surrey papers at the Harvard Law School Library, we discovered a remarkable report that support the view that the main impetus behind Subpart ...


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