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The Hostile Poison Pill, A. Christine Hurt 2016 BYU Law School

The Hostile Poison Pill, A. Christine Hurt

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Disciplining Corporate Boards And Debtholders Through Targeted Proxy Access, Michelle M. Harner 2016 University of Maryland School of Law

Disciplining Corporate Boards And Debtholders Through Targeted Proxy Access, Michelle M. Harner

Indiana Law Journal

Corporate directors committed to a failed business strategy or unduly influenced by the company’s debtholders need a dissenting voice—they need shareholder nominees on the board. This Article examines the biases, conflicts, and external factors that impact board decisions, particularly when a company faces financial distress. It challenges the conventional wisdom that debt disciplines management, and it sug-gests that, in certain circumstances, the company would benefit from having the shareholders’ perspective more actively represented on the board. To that end, the Article proposes a bylaw that would give shareholders the ability to nominate direc-tors upon the occurrence of predefined ...


Fair Or Foul?: Sec Administrative Proceedings And Prospects For Reform Through Removal Legislation, Joseph A. Grundfest 2016 Stanford University School of Law

Fair Or Foul?: Sec Administrative Proceedings And Prospects For Reform Through Removal Legislation, Joseph A. Grundfest

Fordham Law Review

This Article catalogues the long list of criticisms of the Commission’s administrative proceedings. It also evaluates data describing the outcome of litigated matters and finds that, with the exception of insider trading cases, the Commission has an exceptionally high and statistically indistinguishable record of success in administrative and federal court proceedings alike. The data thus seem not to support the view that the Commission has a generalized home-court advantage in administrative proceedings. Nonetheless, the Commission’s virtually unfettered discretion in forum selection decisions, when it can assign cases to a forum that it controls, raises a plethora of institutional ...


Consistently Inconsistent: What Is A Qualifying Investment Under Article 25 Of The Icsid Convention And Why The Debate Must End, Jeremy Marc Exelbert 2016 Fordham University School of Law

Consistently Inconsistent: What Is A Qualifying Investment Under Article 25 Of The Icsid Convention And Why The Debate Must End, Jeremy Marc Exelbert

Fordham Law Review

International investment has helped to pave the way for an increasingly globalized world community. Consequently, the International Centre for Settlement of Investor Disputes (ICSID)—existing under the mandate of the World Bank and with the stated purpose of increasing economic development abroad—has become the leading international arbitration mechanism currently available for settling disputes arising out of such investments. It is unsettling, therefore, that the interpretation of “investment” within article 25 of the ICSID Convention (the provision that determines whether an ICSID tribunal may exercise jurisdiction over a dispute) has given rise to a unique interpretive controversy because the ICSID ...


Dashboard Compliance: Benefit, Threat, Or Both?, James Fanto 2016 Brooklyn Law School

Dashboard Compliance: Benefit, Threat, Or Both?, James Fanto

Brooklyn Journal of Corporate, Financial & Commercial Law

This Article poses the basic question that is reflected in its title and that was the subject of the conference where the Article was initially presented: whether technology poses any threats to the mission of compliance and the position of compliance officers, whether it is just another useful tool for them, or whether it is something of both. It begins by explaining the origin of compliance in broker-dealers and investment advisers and its important current position in those firms. It then discusses why compliance officers have always been drawn to technology, particularly to keep up with the business sides of ...


The Cybersecurity Threat: Compliance And The Role Of Whistleblowers, Jennifer M. Pacella 2016 Brooklyn Law School

The Cybersecurity Threat: Compliance And The Role Of Whistleblowers, Jennifer M. Pacella

Brooklyn Journal of Corporate, Financial & Commercial Law

In today’s technologically dependent world, concerns about cybersecurity, data breaches, and compromised personal information infiltrate the news almost daily. The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has recently emerged as a regulator that is keenly focused on cybersecurity, specifically with respect to encouraging disclosures in this arena by regulated entities. Although the SEC has issued non-binding “guidance” to help companies navigate their reporting obligations in this sector, the agency lacks binding cybersecurity disclosure regulations as they pertain generally to public companies. Given that the SEC has already relied on such guidance in threatening enforcement actions, reporting companies are increasingly pressured ...


Preserving Human Agency In Automated Compliance, Onnig H. Dombalagian 2016 Brooklyn Law School

Preserving Human Agency In Automated Compliance, Onnig H. Dombalagian

Brooklyn Journal of Corporate, Financial & Commercial Law

As technology transforms financial services, so too must it transform the regulation of financial markets and intermediaries. The imperative of real-time, prophylactic regulation increasingly compels reallocation of regulatory and compliance budgets to surveillance and enforcement technology. At the same time, in light of the well-known weaknesses of automated systems, securities firms (and their regulators) must temper investment in automation with efforts to augment the agency of compliance professionals. This symposium contribution considers how investment in the professional development of compliance personnel can better integrate automated tools within established compliance and supervisory structures and thereby advance regulatory and operational objectives.


The Choice Is (Not) Yours: Why The Sec Must Further Amend Its Rules Of Practice To Increase Fairness In Administrative Proceedings, Madeline Ilibassi 2016 Brooklyn Law School

The Choice Is (Not) Yours: Why The Sec Must Further Amend Its Rules Of Practice To Increase Fairness In Administrative Proceedings, Madeline Ilibassi

Brooklyn Journal of Corporate, Financial & Commercial Law

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) plays an extremely important role within the securities industry—it oversees the financial markets, protects consumers, and maintains market efficiency. One of the most important (and recently one of most criticized) responsibilities of the SEC is its duty to enforce the securities laws and punish violators. During the past two decades, and especially after the implementation of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act in 2010, the SEC’s Division of Enforcement has grown substantially and has utilized administrative enforcement proceedings at an increasing rate. However; this utilization has been occurring without ...


Mandatory Third Party Compliance Examinations For Investment Advisers: An Sec Waterloo?, Mercer Bullard 2016 Brooklyn Law School

Mandatory Third Party Compliance Examinations For Investment Advisers: An Sec Waterloo?, Mercer Bullard

Brooklyn Journal of Corporate, Financial & Commercial Law

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC or Commission) appears to be on the verge of requiring investment advisers to undergo third party examinations. One justification for the rulemaking is that the Commission lacks sufficient resources to examine advisers frequently enough. Another is to create indirectly a self-regulatory organization (SRO) for investments advisers. Both may leave a rulemaking particularly vulnerable to challenge as arbitrary and capricious under the Administrative Procedures Act. This Article considers three novel grounds on which a rulemaking may be successfully challenged. Congress has repeatedly rejected SEC requests to provide additional funding for examinations or to create an ...


The Role Of Blue Sky Laws After Nsmia And The Jobs Act, Rutheford B. Campbell Jr. 2016 University of Kentucky College of Law

The Role Of Blue Sky Laws After Nsmia And The Jobs Act, Rutheford B. Campbell Jr.

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

State securities laws—in particular, state laws requiring that securities offered by issuers be registered with the states—have been an impediment to the efficient movement of capital to its highest and best use. The pernicious effects of these laws—generally referred to as “blue sky laws”—have been felt most acutely by small businesses, a vital component of our national economy.

It has been difficult to remedy this problem. States and state regulators have been tenacious in protecting their registration authority from federal preemption. The Securities and Exchange Commission, on the other hand, has been reluctant to advocate for ...


The U.S. Law Regime Of Sovereign Immunity And The Sovereign Wealth Funds, Victorino J. Tejera 2016 University of Miami Law School

The U.S. Law Regime Of Sovereign Immunity And The Sovereign Wealth Funds, Victorino J. Tejera

University of Miami Business Law Review

This article is concerned with the applicability of sovereign immunity to the so-called sovereign wealth funds (“SWFs”) within the U.S. legal system. While sovereign immunity has existed for at least two centuries, SWFs and the types of investment activities they conduct on behalf of their parent foreign states are a rather recent phenomenon. As a result, the issue of the applicability of the rules on sovereign immunity to the SWFs poses novel legal challenges and difficulties. In a nutshell, this article is intended to answer the following questions: Are SWFs entitled to invoke sovereign immunity before U.S. courts ...


Outside A Black Box: Court And Regulatory Review Of Investment Valuations Of Hard-To-Value Securities, Salvatore Massa 2016 College of William & Mary Law School

Outside A Black Box: Court And Regulatory Review Of Investment Valuations Of Hard-To-Value Securities, Salvatore Massa

William & Mary Business Law Review

Valuation is a critical function of investment advisers that has significant implications for both clients and advisers. One potential risk associated with valuation is that an investment adviser may abuse its position in valuing portfolio assets to accrue higher management and incentive fees to the detriment of clients. Although the valuation function may be viewed as an objective exercise, adviser valuations become subject to greater levels of discretion for hard-to-value securities, making determinations of adviser abuse less clear. Depending on the transparency of the adviser, the valuation process itself may become a black box to the client. Securities and Exchange ...


Integration Of Securities Offerings: Obstacles To Capital Formation Remain For Small Businesses, Perry E. Wallace, Jr. 2016 Selected Works

Integration Of Securities Offerings: Obstacles To Capital Formation Remain For Small Businesses, Perry E. Wallace, Jr.

Perry Wallace

No abstract provided.


Integration Of Securities Offerings: Obstacles To Capital Formation Remain For Small Businesses, Perry E. Wallace, Jr. 2016 Selected Works

Integration Of Securities Offerings: Obstacles To Capital Formation Remain For Small Businesses, Perry E. Wallace, Jr.

Perry Wallace

No abstract provided.


Crowdfunding Without The Crowd, Darian M. Ibrahim 2016 William & Mary Law School

Crowdfunding Without The Crowd, Darian M. Ibrahim

Popular Media

No abstract provided.


In Defense Of The Dealers: Why The Sec Should Allow Substituted Compliance With The European Union For Security-Based Swap Dealers, John Welling 2016 Fordham University School of Law

In Defense Of The Dealers: Why The Sec Should Allow Substituted Compliance With The European Union For Security-Based Swap Dealers, John Welling

Fordham Law Review

Following the 2008–2009 financial crisis, legislators around the world enacted laws that regulated the over-the-counter (OTC) derivatives markets for the first time. These laws, though necessary, have duplicative requirements that dampen market efficiency. In the United States, the Securities and Exchange Commission is contemplating a “substituted compliance” regime with other jurisdictions. This regime would allow market participants to comply with one jurisdiction’s requirements for certain transactions, rather than the requirements of multiple jurisdictions. This Note argues that the SEC should allow substituted compliance for OTC derivatives, but only for dealers located in the United States and European Union ...


Investment Treaties Are About Justice, Frank J. Garcia 2016 Boston College Law School

Investment Treaties Are About Justice, Frank J. Garcia

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

This Perspective argues that investment law is ripe for a paradigm shift away from pure capital protection. Rather, investment law should be recognized as part of a comprehensive global economic governance system for ensuring justice and the rule of law, in this case in the allocation of investment capital.


Incentivizing Corporate America To Eradicate Transnational Bribery Worldwide: Federal Transparency And Voluntary Disclosure Under The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, Peter R. Reilly 2016 University of Florida Levin College of Law

Incentivizing Corporate America To Eradicate Transnational Bribery Worldwide: Federal Transparency And Voluntary Disclosure Under The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, Peter R. Reilly

Florida Law Review

In 1977, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) discovered that hundreds of U.S. companies had spent hundreds of millions of dollars in bribes to improve business overseas. In response, Congress passed the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA), thereby making it illegal to bribe foreign officials to obtain a business advantage. A major tension has emerged between the federal agencies charged with enforcing the FCPA (i.e., the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) and the SEC), and the corporate entities trying to stay within the legal and regulatory bounds of the statute. Specifically, while the government appears ...


White Collar Crime, Robert J. Anello, Miriam L. Glaser 2016 Morvillo Abramowitz Grand Iason & Anello P.C.

White Collar Crime, Robert J. Anello, Miriam L. Glaser

Fordham Law Review

This Article will address six different areas of white collar law and procedure: (1) fraud, (2) the Racketeer Influenced & Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO), (3) conspiracy, (4) public corruption, (5) white collar practice, and (6) sentencing. Many of the cases profiled in this Article have driven legal and cultural developments far beyond the federal courts, including the cases of Leona Helmsley, one of New York’s most prominent real estate moguls; the “Mafia Commission,” a take-down of the bosses of the Five Families of La Cosa Nostra; and Abscam, a massive sting operation created by the federal government to expose corrupt officials. Of course, the cases and doctrines discussed can only scratch the surface of the vast wealth of jurisprudence and leadership that the Second Circuit has provided in the arena of white collar crime. Even more fascinating material therefore awaits the interested and industrious reader in his or her own research.


Securities And Financial Regulation In The Second Circuit, Karen Patton Seymour 2016 Sullivan & Cromwell LLP

Securities And Financial Regulation In The Second Circuit, Karen Patton Seymour

Fordham Law Review

The Second Circuit has long been the country’s preeminent court in the field of securities and financial regulation. The reputation of the Second Circuit in the realm of securities has been so great that other courts, including the Supreme Court, often mention by name the particular judges that decided a given Second Circuit precedent to justify their reliance on that decision. Many courts have long looked to its jurisprudence for guidance in deciding novel or complex securities law issues. This article tracks the Second Circuit’s significant role in developing civil enforcement mechanisms for federal securities laws and making ...


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