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Articles 1 - 30 of 2266

Full-Text Articles in Medical Jurisprudence

Hiv And The Ada: What Is A Direct Threat?, Dawn-Marie Harmon Dec 2017

Hiv And The Ada: What Is A Direct Threat?, Dawn-Marie Harmon

Maine Law Review

Anne, a surgical technician at a local hospital, recently learned that she was HIV-positive. She works in the emergency room and, as a part of her job, she hands surgical instruments to doctors performing emergency surgery. It is a fast paced and unpredictable environment. Her hands often come in contact with sharp instruments. Although Anne has never put her hands into a patient's body cavity, there is a remote possibility that she may need to do so in the future. There is always a possibility, however small, that she will cut herself and come into blood-to-blood contact with a ...


Conant V. Walters: A Misapplication Of Free Speech Rights In The Doctor-Patient Relationship, Katharine M. Mccarthy Nov 2017

Conant V. Walters: A Misapplication Of Free Speech Rights In The Doctor-Patient Relationship, Katharine M. Mccarthy

Maine Law Review

In Conant v. Walters, the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit addressed the application of the First Amendment's right of free speech to a federal policy that prohibited the recommendation of medical marijuana by physicians. This class action suit, brought by physicians and severely ill patients, successfully enjoined the federal government from enforcing its policy revoking the federal prescriptive licenses of physicians who recommend or approve of marijuana use by patients suffering from certain severe illnesses. The federal government's policy, issued in 1996 through a statement of Barry McCaffrey, director of the Office of National ...


Negligence Per Se Theories In Pharmaceutical & Medical Device Litigation, Andrew E. Costa Nov 2017

Negligence Per Se Theories In Pharmaceutical & Medical Device Litigation, Andrew E. Costa

Maine Law Review

The notion of addressing the vagaries of negligence per se theories in the context of pharmaceutical and medical device litigation seems to promise little more than a monograph anesthetized by a body of obscure pharmaceutical and medical device provisions viewed through the lenses of various states' negligence law. Maybe little more than that can be assured. However, the issue of how courts should address negligence per se theories in this context implicates a variety of “larger” (or, possibly, more interesting) legal issues in general and pharmaceutical and medical device litigation in particular. Perhaps foremost among these issues is the interaction ...


Insuring Bias: Does Evidence Of Common Insurance Demonstrate Relevant Expert Witness Bias In Medical Negligence Litigation?, 55 Duq. L. Rev. 339 (2017), Marc Ginsberg Nov 2017

Insuring Bias: Does Evidence Of Common Insurance Demonstrate Relevant Expert Witness Bias In Medical Negligence Litigation?, 55 Duq. L. Rev. 339 (2017), Marc Ginsberg

Marc D. Ginsberg

No abstract provided.


A Deliberate Departure: Making Physician-Assisted Suicide Comfortable For Vulnerable Patients, Browne Lewis Oct 2017

A Deliberate Departure: Making Physician-Assisted Suicide Comfortable For Vulnerable Patients, Browne Lewis

Arkansas Law Review

On an episode of Marvel’s Jessica Jones, Kilgrave uses his mind control powers to get Jack Denton to give him both of his kidneys. After he loses his kidneys, Denton goes on dialysis and has a stroke. Therefore, when private investigator Jessica Jones tracks down Denton, she discovers that he is wheelchairbound and unable to speak. Denton goes to great lengths to write a note asking Jones to kill him. This fictionalized story may be the reality for some people. Everyone wants to live a happy life and to have a good death. Some people have the privilege of ...


Unconstitutional Asymmetry Or A Rational Basis For Inconsistency? The Admissibility Of Medical Malpractice Prelitigation Screening Panel Findings Before And After Smith V. Hawthorne I And Ii, Matthew Asnault Morris Oct 2017

Unconstitutional Asymmetry Or A Rational Basis For Inconsistency? The Admissibility Of Medical Malpractice Prelitigation Screening Panel Findings Before And After Smith V. Hawthorne I And Ii, Matthew Asnault Morris

Maine Law Review

Pre-litigation screening panels have been instrumental in streamlining medical malpractice litigation in the State of Maine by culling claims from superior court dockets, encouraging settlements, and providing findings of fact that could prove useful for a jury if the case proceeds to trial. In enacting one particular provision governing the confidentiality and the admissibility of the screening panel process, however, the legislature may have sacrificed the constitutional rights of medical malpractice claimants in favor of a lighter docket. Two recent cases before the Law Court, Smith I and II, have challenged the constitutionality of Maine’s unique statutory approach to ...


The House Of Lords And The Discontinuation Of Artificial Nutrition And Hydration: An Ethical Analysis Of The Tony Bland Case, Moira M. Mcqueen, James L. Walsh Oct 2017

The House Of Lords And The Discontinuation Of Artificial Nutrition And Hydration: An Ethical Analysis Of The Tony Bland Case, Moira M. Mcqueen, James L. Walsh

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Aids In The Workplace: Discrimination By Ignorance Oct 2017

Aids In The Workplace: Discrimination By Ignorance

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Withholding Or Withdrawing Artificial Nutrition And Hydration From Terminally Ill And Permanently Unconscious Patients: Some Recent Case Law And Contemporary Catholic Theology, Peter J. Ausili Oct 2017

Withholding Or Withdrawing Artificial Nutrition And Hydration From Terminally Ill And Permanently Unconscious Patients: Some Recent Case Law And Contemporary Catholic Theology, Peter J. Ausili

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Termination Of Medical Treatment: Imminent Legislative Issues, Dennis J. Horan Oct 2017

Termination Of Medical Treatment: Imminent Legislative Issues, Dennis J. Horan

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Termination Of Medical Treatment: Imminent Legislative Issues, Robert C. Robinson Oct 2017

Termination Of Medical Treatment: Imminent Legislative Issues, Robert C. Robinson

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Confronting The Ghost: Legal Strategies To Oust Medical Ghostwriters, Deanna Minasi Oct 2017

Confronting The Ghost: Legal Strategies To Oust Medical Ghostwriters, Deanna Minasi

Fordham Law Review

Articles published in medical journals contribute significantly to public health by disseminating medical information to physicians, thereby influencing prescribing practices. However, the information guiding treatment decisions becomes distorted by selective publishing and medical ghostwriting, which negatively affects overall patient care. Although there is general consensus in the medical community that these practices of publication bias represent a moral failing, the issue is rarely framed as a wrong that necessitates legal consequences. This Note takes the stance that medical ghostwriting constitutes an act prohibited under the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO) and argues that physicians fraudulently named as authors ...


A Deliberate Departure: Making Physician-Assisted Suicide Comfortable For Vulnerable Patients, Browne C. Lewis Sep 2017

A Deliberate Departure: Making Physician-Assisted Suicide Comfortable For Vulnerable Patients, Browne C. Lewis

Browne C Lewis

This Article is divided into four parts. Part I discusses the history and evolution of the "right to die movement" in the United States. The current legal landscape in the United States is examined in Part II. In Part III, I analyze some of the relevant ethical concerns caused by the availability of physician-assisted suicide. My analysis primarily focuses on the Oregon statutes because it is the oldest physician-assisted suicide law in the United States and has served as a model for laws in the United States and abroad. For example, Lord Falconer's Bill, which was defeated by the ...


Provisions Of Uncompensated Care In American Hospitals: The Role Of The Tax Code, The Federal Courts, Catholic Health Care Facilities, And Local Governments In Defining The Problem Of Access For The Poor, Charles J. Milligan, Jr. Sep 2017

Provisions Of Uncompensated Care In American Hospitals: The Role Of The Tax Code, The Federal Courts, Catholic Health Care Facilities, And Local Governments In Defining The Problem Of Access For The Poor, Charles J. Milligan, Jr.

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Use Of Mediation To Recover Rights To Our Genes, Rachel Albert Sep 2017

Use Of Mediation To Recover Rights To Our Genes, Rachel Albert

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Decisions To Forego Medical Treatment: The Preferred Medical, Ethical, And Legal Approach, J. Stuart Showalter Sep 2017

Decisions To Forego Medical Treatment: The Preferred Medical, Ethical, And Legal Approach, J. Stuart Showalter

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Brief Of Amici Curiae Of 11 Addiction Experts In Support Of Appellee, Gene M. Heyman, Scott O. Lilienfeld, Stephen J. Morse, Sally L. Satel Sep 2017

Brief Of Amici Curiae Of 11 Addiction Experts In Support Of Appellee, Gene M. Heyman, Scott O. Lilienfeld, Stephen J. Morse, Sally L. Satel

Faculty Scholarship

This brief is a critique of the brain disease model and many supposed implications of that model. It begins with a brief history of the model and moves to a discussion of the motivations behind the characterization of addiction as a “chronic and relapsing brain disease.” We follow with an enumeration of fallacious inferences based upon the brain disease model, including the very notion that addiction becomes a “brain disease” simply because it has neurobiological correlates. Regardless of whether addiction is labeled a brain disease, the real question, we contend, is whether the behavioral manifestations of addiction are unresponsive to ...


The Case Against Physician-Assisted Suicide And Voluntary Active Euthanasia: A Jurisprudential Consideration, Seow Hon Tan Aug 2017

The Case Against Physician-Assisted Suicide And Voluntary Active Euthanasia: A Jurisprudential Consideration, Seow Hon Tan

Research Collection School Of Law

Twenty years after the Advance Medical DirectiveAct came into force in Singapore, the issue of the legalisation ofphysician-assisted suicide and voluntary active euthanasia remains live. Thisarticle examines the case for legalisation, replying to the points raised inthe article by Toh Puay San and Stanley Yeo, “Decriminalisingphysician-assisted suicide in Singapore” (2010) 22 SAcLJ 379–412, which hadincluded draft legislation in its proposal. It critically discusses thetheoretical underpinnings of such legalisation and argues that the contentionof the authors that the benefits of allowing terminally-ill patients the optionof physician-assisted suicide far outweigh the harms is not supported. Afortiori, voluntary active euthanasia should not ...


Distinctive Factors Affecting The Legal Context Of End-Of-Life Medical Care For Older Persons, Marshall B. Kapp Jul 2017

Distinctive Factors Affecting The Legal Context Of End-Of-Life Medical Care For Older Persons, Marshall B. Kapp

Georgia State University Law Review

Current legal regulation of medical care for individuals approaching the end of life in the United States is predicated essentially on a factual model emanating from a series of high-profile judicial opinions concerning the rights of adults who become either permanently unconscious or are clearly going to die soon with or without aggressive attempts of curative therapy.

The need for a flexible, adaptable approach to medically treating people approaching the end of their lives, and a similar openness to possible modification of the legal framework within which treatment choices are made and implemented, are particularly important when older individuals are ...


Germ-Line Gene Editing And Congressional Reaction In Context: Learning From Almost 50 Years Of Congressional Reactions To Biomedical Breakthroughs, Russell A. Spivak, J.D., I. Glenn Cohen, J.D., Eli Y. Adashi, M.D., M.S. Jul 2017

Germ-Line Gene Editing And Congressional Reaction In Context: Learning From Almost 50 Years Of Congressional Reactions To Biomedical Breakthroughs, Russell A. Spivak, J.D., I. Glenn Cohen, J.D., Eli Y. Adashi, M.D., M.S.

Journal of Law and Health

On December 18, 2015, President Obama signed into law a policy rider forestalling the therapeutic modification of the human germ line. The rider, motivated by the science’s potential unethical ends, is only the most recent instance in which the legislature cut short the ongoing national conversation on the acceptability of a developing science. This essay offers historical perspective on what bills were proposed and passed surrounding four other then-developing scientific breakthroughs—Recombinant DNA, in vitro fertilization, Cloning, Stem Cells—to better analyze how Congress is, and should, regulate this exciting and promising science.


Analysis Of The Proposed Tpp-Related Patent Linkage System In Taiwan, Ping-Hsun Chen Jul 2017

Analysis Of The Proposed Tpp-Related Patent Linkage System In Taiwan, Ping-Hsun Chen

Journal of Law and Health

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement mandates member states to implement a patent linkage system vested in Article 18.53. To successfully join the TPP Agreement, Taiwan has begun the legislation of a patent linkage system by proposing an amendment for the Pharmaceutical Affairs Act. Article 18.53 requires a member either to adopt a notification mechanism under Paragraph 1 or to stay the issuance of marketing approval under Paragraph 2. But, Taiwan’s proposal includes both measures. Taiwan’ patent linkage system allows a pioneer drug company to register patents claiming (a) a material; (b) a combination or formula; or (c ...


Yours, Mine, Or Ours: Resolving Frozen Embryo Disputes Through Genetics, Carinne Jaeger Jun 2017

Yours, Mine, Or Ours: Resolving Frozen Embryo Disputes Through Genetics, Carinne Jaeger

Seattle University Law Review

Part I of this Note provides some background on the current frameworks being used by courts in dual-progenitor disputes, while Part II presents the only two cases to deal with sole-genetic progenitor disputes and details how the courts conducted their analyses. Part III explains how courts establish legal parentage and how these legal parentage standards apply to frozen embryo disputes, specifically ones that involve only one genetic progenitor. Part IV proposes a new genetic framework to assist in the resolution of these issues. This Note concludes with a recommendation for future legislative intervention to aid in the widespread and uniform ...


Introduction, Donald W. Dowd Jun 2017

Introduction, Donald W. Dowd

Donald W. Dowd

No abstract provided.


In The "Best Interests" Of The Disabled: Legislating Morality And The Power To Initiate Support Orders For Disabled Adults In Ohio, Kalynne Proctor Jun 2017

In The "Best Interests" Of The Disabled: Legislating Morality And The Power To Initiate Support Orders For Disabled Adults In Ohio, Kalynne Proctor

Cleveland State Law Review

Today’s reality is that many families have children who are faced with disabling conditions that prevent them from relinquishing their dependency on others. Often, the need for specialized treatment and care does not terminate once a severely disabled child reaches adulthood. While typically parents are relieved of their legal parental obligations to their adult-aged children, this is not the same case for parents with severely disabled children. In some respects, Ohio has recognized the financial difficulties divorced parents face when they are the sole caregivers of disabled adult children. Although Ohio law requires that the noncustodial parent in a ...


Retributive Medication: A Discussion Of A Maine Law Allowing Involuntary, Forcible Medication Of A Pretrial Defendant For The Purpose Of Rendering The Defendant Competent To Stand Trial, Ashley T. Perry Apr 2017

Retributive Medication: A Discussion Of A Maine Law Allowing Involuntary, Forcible Medication Of A Pretrial Defendant For The Purpose Of Rendering The Defendant Competent To Stand Trial, Ashley T. Perry

Maine Law Review

Innocent until proven guilty—it’s a phrase we have all heard, know, and accept. But there are circumstances where this simple concept is strained in its application, such as when a legally incompetent defendant is facing trial. After all, how can a defendant be proven guilty if he cannot stand trial? The Supreme Court of the United States has determined that forcibly medicating an incompetent defendant solely to render the defendant competent to stand trial is permissible under the Federal Constitution. However, the Federal Constitution provides only the floor-level of civil rights; states are free to set their own ...


On Kamisar, Killing, And The Future Of Physician-Assisted Death, Norman L. Cantor Apr 2017

On Kamisar, Killing, And The Future Of Physician-Assisted Death, Norman L. Cantor

Norman Cantor

In a famous 1958 article, Yale Kamisar brilliantly examined the hazards of abuse and of slippery slope extensions that subsequently, for 46 years, served to thwart legalization of physician-assisted death (PAD). This paper shows that during the same period law and culture have effectively accepted a variety of ways for stricken people to hasten death, with physicians involved in diverse roles. Those ways include rejection of nutrition and hydration, terminal sedation, administration of risky analgesics, and withholding or withdrawal of medical life support. If these existing lawful modes of hastening death were widely acknowledged, the pressure to legalize voluntary active ...


The Relation Between Autonomy-Based Rights And Profoundly Disabled Persons, Norman L. Cantor Apr 2017

The Relation Between Autonomy-Based Rights And Profoundly Disabled Persons, Norman L. Cantor

Norman Cantor

“The Relation Between Autonomy-based Rights and Profoundly Mentally Disabled Persons” Competent persons have fundamental rights to decide about abortion, methods of contraception, and rejection of life-sustaining medical treatment. Profoundly disabled persons are so cognitively impaired that they cannot make their own serious medical decisions. Yet some courts suggest that the mentally impaired are entitled to “the same right” to choice regarding critical medical decisions as competent persons. This article discusses the puzzling question of how to relate autonomy-based rights to never-competent persons. It argues that while profoundly disabled persons cannot be entitled to make their own medical decisions, they have ...


On Hastening Death Without Violating Legal Or Moral Prohibitions, Norman L. Cantor Apr 2017

On Hastening Death Without Violating Legal Or Moral Prohibitions, Norman L. Cantor

Norman Cantor

While the vast majority of fatally afflicted persons have a powerful wish to remain alive, some stricken persons may, for any of a host of reasons, desire to hasten death. Some persons are afflicted with chronic degenerative diseases that take a grievous toll. Chronic pain may be severe and intractable, anxiety about a future treatment regimen may be distressing, and helplessness may erode personal dignity and soil the image that the afflicted person wants to leave behind. A dying patient’s interest in hastening death is often said to be in tension with a bedrock social principle that respect for ...


Changing The Paradigm Of Advance Directives To Avoid Prolonged Dementia, Norman L. Cantor Apr 2017

Changing The Paradigm Of Advance Directives To Avoid Prolonged Dementia, Norman L. Cantor

Norman Cantor

For some people, the specter of being mired in progressively degenerative dementia is an intolerably degrading prospect. One avoidance tactic is to take steps to end one's existence while still competent. That risks a premature demise while still enjoying a tolerable lifestyle. The question arises whether an alternative tactic -- an advance directive declining all life-sustaining intervention once a certain point of debilitation is reached -- might be preferable. This article describes the legal and moral foundation for an advance directive declining even simplistic interventions at a relatively early stage of decline. My own model directive is included.


Compulsory Medical Treatment Of Adults, Peter J. Riga Apr 2017

Compulsory Medical Treatment Of Adults, Peter J. Riga

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.