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Articles 1 - 30 of 21757

Full-Text Articles in Constitutional Law

All Things To All People, Part One, Peter Aschenbrenner Jan 2105

All Things To All People, Part One, Peter Aschenbrenner

Peter J. Aschenbrenner

Our Constitutional Logic has identified the fundamental predicate of Government I, which operated, more or less, under Constitution I, the Constutiton of the year One, as a disposable government. See The Standard Model at War, 17 OCL 350. if government asserts, affirmatively, that it is disposable, isn’t it also asserting that it can replicate its systems (= structures political society) at will? OCL builds on its assertion of political society as a three-goaled contrivance. See Why Do Political Societies Exist? 2 OCL 883. Isn’t such a government asserting the primacy of the needs of civil society? By offering to ...


Does The Second Amendment Protect Firearms Commerce?, David Kopel Apr 2104

Does The Second Amendment Protect Firearms Commerce?, David Kopel

David B Kopel

The Second Amendment protects the operation of businesses which provide Second Amendment services, including gun stores. Although lower federal courts have split on the issue, the right of firearms commerce is demonstrated by the original history of the Second Amendment, confirmed by the Supreme Court in District of Columbia v. Heller, and consistent with the Court's precedents on other individual rights.


How Do We Know When Political Societies Change?, Peter Aschenbrenner Jan 2104

How Do We Know When Political Societies Change?, Peter Aschenbrenner

Peter J. Aschenbrenner

Predicates, features, attributes and properties of a system are liable to change. How does the change get marked down? For this purpose what facet of a system should command our attention? Any system worth the name, Our Constitutional Logic argues, is aware of its own standing in civil society. OCL considers the issues raised.


Puerto Rico And The Right Of Accession, Joseph Blocher, Mitu Gulati Jan 2018

Puerto Rico And The Right Of Accession, Joseph Blocher, Mitu Gulati

Faculty Scholarship

On June 11, 2017, Puerto Rico held a referendum on its legal status. Although turnout was low, 97% of ballots favored statehood, rather than independence or the status quo. The federal government, however, has financial and political reasons to resist this preference: Puerto Rico would bring with it a massive, unpayable debt, and the potential to swing the current balance of power in Congress. That then raises the two questions of whether Congress could decide expel Puerto Rico (give it “independence”) or is legally required to give it statehood (“accession”).

The answers are not obvious. International law, we argue, suggests ...


Constitutions And Bills Of Rights: Invigorating Or Placating Democracy?, Brian Christopher Jones Dec 2017

Constitutions And Bills Of Rights: Invigorating Or Placating Democracy?, Brian Christopher Jones

Brian Christopher Jones

Champions of constitutions and bills of rights regularly portray them as possessing significant, sometimes mysterious, powers. One characterisation is that newly implemented constitutions may invigorate a democracy, particularly at the ballot box. This article challenges that notion. In particular, it examines a number of jurisdictions that have recently implemented constitutions and bill of rights, finding that in many of them, voter turnout decreased after passage, sometimes significantly. As the argument for a codified British constitution endures, the findings of this paper provide provisional evidence that those advocating for such a device should be wary of touting its potentially invigorating democratic ...


Secession And Federalism In The United States: Tools For Managing Regional Conflict In A Pluralist Society, Erin Ryan Nov 2017

Secession And Federalism In The United States: Tools For Managing Regional Conflict In A Pluralist Society, Erin Ryan

Erin Ryan

This Article explores the use of federalism and secession as tools for managing regional conflict within pluralist governance, drawing on underappreciated features of the American experience.  Epic struggles to balance autonomy with interdependence have taken on new urgency as dissatisfaction with globalization inspires political cataclysms unimaginable just a few years ago—including ‘Brexit’ from the European Union and American threats to leave NATO.  The same impetus toward devolution also surfaces in heated intra-national conflicts.  Recent calls for secession in Scotland, Catalonia, Québec, the Sudan, and even the United States reveal multiple political contexts in which questions have been raised about ...


Justice O'Connor, The Constitution, And The Trimester Approach To Abortion: A Liberty On A Collision Course With Itself, Richard F. Duncan Sep 2017

Justice O'Connor, The Constitution, And The Trimester Approach To Abortion: A Liberty On A Collision Course With Itself, Richard F. Duncan

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Constitutionality Of Legislation Denying Tax Exempt Status To Racially Discriminatory Schools, Eileen M. Hanrahan, Esq. Sep 2017

Constitutionality Of Legislation Denying Tax Exempt Status To Racially Discriminatory Schools, Eileen M. Hanrahan, Esq.

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Human Life Federalism Amendment - Ii. Legislative Update, James Robinson, Director Government Liaison, United States Catholic Conference Sep 2017

Human Life Federalism Amendment - Ii. Legislative Update, James Robinson, Director Government Liaison, United States Catholic Conference

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Human Life Federalism Amendment - I. Legal Aspects, Professor Lynn D. Wardle, Brigham Young University Sep 2017

Human Life Federalism Amendment - I. Legal Aspects, Professor Lynn D. Wardle, Brigham Young University

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Human Life Federalism Amendment - I. Legal Aspects, Professor John S. Noonan, University Of California Sep 2017

Human Life Federalism Amendment - I. Legal Aspects, Professor John S. Noonan, University Of California

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Human Life Federalism Amendment - I. Legal Aspects, Dennis J. Horan, Esq. Sep 2017

Human Life Federalism Amendment - I. Legal Aspects, Dennis J. Horan, Esq.

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Human Life Federalism Amendment - I. Legal Aspects, Wilfred R. Caron, General Counsel, United States Catholic Conference Sep 2017

Human Life Federalism Amendment - I. Legal Aspects, Wilfred R. Caron, General Counsel, United States Catholic Conference

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Federal Tuition Tax Credits And The Establishment Clause: A Constitutional Analysis, David J. Young, Steven W. Tigges Sep 2017

Federal Tuition Tax Credits And The Establishment Clause: A Constitutional Analysis, David J. Young, Steven W. Tigges

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


The Unconstitutionality Of Exclusive Governmental Support Of Entirely Secularistic Education, Daniel D. Mcgarry Sep 2017

The Unconstitutionality Of Exclusive Governmental Support Of Entirely Secularistic Education, Daniel D. Mcgarry

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


The Constitutionality Of Federal Aid To Parents Of Nonpublic Schoolchildren, Rev. Peter M. J. Stravinskas Sep 2017

The Constitutionality Of Federal Aid To Parents Of Nonpublic Schoolchildren, Rev. Peter M. J. Stravinskas

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Constitutional Crisis, Sen. Daniel Patrick Moynihan Sep 2017

Constitutional Crisis, Sen. Daniel Patrick Moynihan

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


The Ecology Of Transparency Reloaded, Seth F. Kreimer Sep 2017

The Ecology Of Transparency Reloaded, Seth F. Kreimer

Faculty Scholarship

As Justice Stewart famously observed, "[t]he Constitution itself is neither a Freedom of Information Act nor an Official Secrets Act." What the Constitution's text omits, the last two generations have embedded in "small c" constitutional law and practice in the form of the Freedom of Information Act and a series of overlapping governance reforms including Inspectors General, disclosure of political contributions, the State Department’s “Dissent Channel,” the National Archives Information Security Oversight Office, and the publication rights guaranteed by New York Times v. United States. These institutions constitute an ecology of transparency.

The late Justice Scalia argued ...


Thomas V. Eighth Judicial Dist. Ct., 133 Nev. Adv. Op. 63 (Sept. 14, 2017), Sara Schreiber Sep 2017

Thomas V. Eighth Judicial Dist. Ct., 133 Nev. Adv. Op. 63 (Sept. 14, 2017), Sara Schreiber

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

When a defendant requests and is granted a mistrial, jeopardy will attach if a prosecutor’s conduct is so egregious that it results in prejudice to the defendant that cannot be remedied by anything short of a mistrial.


Ditech Financial, Llc Vs. Buckles, 133 Nev. Adv. Op. 64 (September 14, 2017), Landon Littlefield Sep 2017

Ditech Financial, Llc Vs. Buckles, 133 Nev. Adv. Op. 64 (September 14, 2017), Landon Littlefield

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

In an en banc opinion, the Court determined that NRS 200.620 does not apply to telephone recordings made by a party outside of Nevada who uses equipment outside of Nevada to record a conversation with a person in Nevada without that person’s consent.


Paliotta V. State Dep’T Of Corrections, 133 Nev. Adv. Op. 58 (Sept. 14, 2017), Anna Sichting Sep 2017

Paliotta V. State Dep’T Of Corrections, 133 Nev. Adv. Op. 58 (Sept. 14, 2017), Anna Sichting

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court determined it must consider the sincere religious beliefs of the individual when evaluating claims under the Free Exercise Clause and the Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act (RLUIPA). It is improper to evaluate those claims under the centrality test, which attempts to determine if the individual’s beliefs are central to a tenant of the religion in question. Once the sincere belief is shown, the courts must then fully examine the remaining considerations under the Free Exercise Clause and the RLUIPA.


Church-State Cases, James E. Serritella, Reuben & Proctor Chicago, Illinois Sep 2017

Church-State Cases, James E. Serritella, Reuben & Proctor Chicago, Illinois

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Church-State Cases, Wilfred R. Caron, General Counsel, United States Catholic Conference Sep 2017

Church-State Cases, Wilfred R. Caron, General Counsel, United States Catholic Conference

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


The Human Life Federalism Amendment - An Assessment, Wilfred R. Caron Sep 2017

The Human Life Federalism Amendment - An Assessment, Wilfred R. Caron

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Privatizing And Publicizing Speech, Nelson Tebbe Sep 2017

Privatizing And Publicizing Speech, Nelson Tebbe

Nelson Tebbe

When should we allow governments to deploy private-law rules in order to circumvent public-law obligations? Two cases this year call that question to mind. They ask the Supreme Court to explore interactions between property law and constitutional rules concerning free speech and antiestablishment. On the one hand, the Court recently handed down Pleasant Grove City v. Summum, which involved a Ten Commandments monument that a private religious organization donated to a city. The Court concluded that the permanent monument became government speech when the city accepted the gift, displayed it in a municipal park, and formally took ownership of the ...


Constitutional Borrowing, Nelson Tebbe, Robert L. Tsai Sep 2017

Constitutional Borrowing, Nelson Tebbe, Robert L. Tsai

Nelson Tebbe

Borrowing from one domain to promote ideas in another domain is a staple of constitutional decisionmaking. Precedents, arguments, concepts, tropes, and heuristics all can be carried across doctrinal boundaries for purposes of persuasion. Yet the practice itself remains underanalyzed. This Article seeks to bring greater theoretical attention to the matter It defines what constitutional borrowing is and what it is not, presents a typology that describes its common forms, undertakes a principled defense of borrowing, and identifies some of the risks involved. Our examples draw particular attention to places where legal mechanisms and ideas migrate between fields of law associated ...


Eclecticism, Nelson Tebbe Sep 2017

Eclecticism, Nelson Tebbe

Nelson Tebbe

This short piece comments on Kent Greenawalt's new book, Religion and the Constitution: Establishment and Fairness. It argues that although Greenawalt's eclectic approach carries certain obvious costs, his theory cannot be evaluated without comparing its advantages and disadvantages to those of its competitors. It concludes by giving some sense of what that comparative calculus might look like.


The End Of Religious Freedom: What Is At Stake?, Nelson Tebbe Sep 2017

The End Of Religious Freedom: What Is At Stake?, Nelson Tebbe

Nelson Tebbe

In recent work, Steven Smith argues that the American tradition of religious freedom is newly imperiled and may even be nearing exhaustion. This Review puts to one side the substance of that argument and focuses instead on what the stakes might be, should it turn out to be correct. It concludes that the consequences would not be as severe as many people fear.


Smith In Theory And Practice, Nelson Tebbe Sep 2017

Smith In Theory And Practice, Nelson Tebbe

Nelson Tebbe

Employment Division v. Smith controversially held that general laws that were neutral toward religion would no longer be presumptively invalid, regardless of how much they incidentally burdened religious practices. That decision sparked a debate that continues today, twenty years later. This symposium Essay explores the argument that subsequent courts have in fact been less constrained by the principal rule of Smith than advocates on both sides of the controversy usually assume. Lower courts administering real world disputes often find they have all the room they need to grant relief from general laws, given exceptions written into the decision itself and ...


Nonbelievers, Nelson Tebbe Sep 2017

Nonbelievers, Nelson Tebbe

Nelson Tebbe

How should courts handle nonbelievers who bring religious freedom claims? Although this question is easy to grasp, it presents a genuine puzzle because the religion clauses of the Constitution, along with many contemporary statutes, protect only religion by their terms. From time to time, judges and lawyers have therefore struggled with the place of nonbelievers in the American scheme of religious freedom. Today, this problem is gaining prominence because of nonbelievers’ rising visibility. New lines of social conflict are forming around them, generating disputes that have already gone legal. In this Article, I argue that no wholesale response will do ...