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Privacy And Property: Constitutional Concerns Of Dna Dragnet Testing, E. Wyatt Jones 2023 Bridgewater College

Privacy And Property: Constitutional Concerns Of Dna Dragnet Testing, E. Wyatt Jones

Honors Projects

DNA dragnets have attracted both public and scholarly criticisms that have yet to be resolved by the Courts. This review will introduce a modern understanding of DNA analysis, a complete introduction to past and present Fourth and Fourteenth Amendment jurisprudence, and existing suggestions concerning similar issues in legal scholarship. Considering these contexts, this review concludes that a focus on privacy and property at once, with a particular sensitivity to the inseverable relationship between the two interests, is Constitutionally consistent with precedent and the most workable means of answering the question at hand.


The Gross Injustices Of Capital Punishment: A Torturous Practice And Justice Thurgood Marshall’S Astute Appraisal Of The Death Penalty’S Cruelty, Discriminatory Use, And Unconstitutionality, John D. Bessler 2023 University of Baltimore School of Law

The Gross Injustices Of Capital Punishment: A Torturous Practice And Justice Thurgood Marshall’S Astute Appraisal Of The Death Penalty’S Cruelty, Discriminatory Use, And Unconstitutionality, John D. Bessler

Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice

Through the centuries, capital punishment and torture have been used by monarchs, authoritarian regimes, and judicial systems around the world. Although torture is now expressly outlawed by international law, capital punishment—questioned by Quakers in the seventeenth century and by the Italian philosopher Cesare Beccaria and many others in the following century—has been authorized over time by various legislative bodies, including in the United States. It was Beccaria’s book, Dei delitti e delle pene (1764), translated into French and then into English as An Essay on Crimes and Punishments (1767), that fueled the still-ongoing international movement to outlaw the death penalty. …


The Court And Capital Punishment On Different Paths: Abolition In Waiting, Carol S. Steiker, Jordan M. Steiker 2023 Harvard Law School

The Court And Capital Punishment On Different Paths: Abolition In Waiting, Carol S. Steiker, Jordan M. Steiker

Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice

The American death penalty finds itself in an unusual position. On the ground, the practice is weaker than at any other time in our history. Eleven jurisdictions have abandoned the death penalty over the past fifteen years, almost doubling the number of states without the punishment (twenty-three). Executions have declined substantially, totaling twenty-five or fewer a year nationwide for the past six years, compared to an average of seventy-seven a year during the six-year span around the millennium (1997-2002). Most tellingly, death sentences have fallen off a cliff, with fewer the fifty death sentences a year nationwide over the past …


Higher Law And Lincoln's Antislavery Constitutionalism: What It Means To Say The Civil War Was Fought Over Slavery, Joel A. Rogers 2023 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Higher Law And Lincoln's Antislavery Constitutionalism: What It Means To Say The Civil War Was Fought Over Slavery, Joel A. Rogers

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The US Civil War was fought over slavery. But what do we really mean when we say that? This paper examines that question, first by exploring the idea of “higher law,” which gained tremendous traction in American society starting around 1850. Proponents of the idea claimed that laws such as the Fugitive Slave Act are immoral; that the immorality of such laws is self-evident, and that such immoral laws should be resisted—sometimes even with violence. Meanwhile, opponents of the idea of higher law were not necessarily in favor of slavery, but they opposed the use of extra-Constitutional means to bring …


It Ain't Real Funky Unless It's Got That Pop: Artistic Fair Use After Goldsmith, Benjamin A. Spencer 2023 Duke Law

It Ain't Real Funky Unless It's Got That Pop: Artistic Fair Use After Goldsmith, Benjamin A. Spencer

Duke Journal of Constitutional Law & Public Policy Sidebar

The Pop Art style pioneered by artists such as Paolozzi, Lichtenstein, and Rauschenberg challenged notions of what art could be by recasting common objects and images into new contexts, transforming them into pieces that served as both cultural commentary and novel expression. Though examination of an artwork's meaning or message may seem more natural for a critic or curator, the Supreme Court will have a chance to weigh in with Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts v. Goldsmith. Here, the court will decide whether a Warhol painting based on a photograph of Prince is protected by fair use. …


The Counterdemocratic Difficulty, Aziz Z. Huq 2023 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

The Counterdemocratic Difficulty, Aziz Z. Huq

Northwestern University Law Review

Since the 2020 elections, debate about the Supreme Court’s relationship with the mechanisms of national democracy has intensified. One important thread of that debate focuses critically on the possibility of a judicial decision flipping a presidential election or thwarting the will of national majorities respecting progressive legislation, and pushes concerns about the Court’s effect on national democracy. A narrow focus on specific interventions, however, does not exhaust the subtle and consequential ways in which the Court influences whether and how the American democratic system thrives or fails. A narrow focus is partial because it construes democracy as merely the aggregation …


Consequences And The Supreme Court, Aaron Tang 2023 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

Consequences And The Supreme Court, Aaron Tang

Northwestern University Law Review

May the Supreme Court consider consequences when it decides the hard cases that divide us? The conventional wisdom is that it may not. Scholars have argued, for example, that consequentialism is a paradigmatic “anti-modal” form of reasoning at the Court. And the Court itself has declared that “consequences cannot change our understanding of the law.”

This Article presents evidence of a possible shift in the standard account. Although many kinds of consequentialist arguments remain forbidden, such as naked judicial efforts to maximize social utility, a particular form of consequentialism is now surprisingly common when the Supreme Court confronts hard cases. …


The Misunderstood History Of Textualism, Tara Leigh Grove 2023 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

The Misunderstood History Of Textualism, Tara Leigh Grove

Northwestern University Law Review

This Article challenges widespread assumptions about the history of textualism. Jurists and scholars have sought for decades to distinguish “modern textualism” from the so-called “plain meaning school” of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries—an approach that both textualists and non-textualists alike have long viewed as improperly “literal” and “wooden.” This Article shows that this conventional historical account is incorrect. Based on a study of statutory cases from 1789 to 1945 that use the term “plain meaning” or similar terms, this Article reveals that, under the actual plain meaning approach, the Supreme Court did not ignore context but looked to …


Book Review: Half American, Half Amazing: A Review Of Half American By Matthew F. Delmont And An Exploration Of Executive Action During World War Ii And Its Impact On Black Soldiers, Ainslee Johnson-Brown 2023 The University of Akron

Book Review: Half American, Half Amazing: A Review Of Half American By Matthew F. Delmont And An Exploration Of Executive Action During World War Ii And Its Impact On Black Soldiers, Ainslee Johnson-Brown

ConLawNOW

This essay reviews Matthew F. Delmont’s new book, Half American: The Epic Story of African Americans Fighting World War II at Home and Abroad (2022). The book enriches the ongoing scholarship related to critical race theory and the effects of executive action on the lived experience of Black Americans. Delmont presents a well-woven narrative of the experience of Black American soldiers during World War II. Pieced together from letters, court documents, and articles published during the war, this book sheds light on accounts previously buried beneath a shield of trauma, frustration, and disbelief.


Brief Of Legal Scholars As Amici Curiae In Support Of Petitioners In Biden V. Nebraska And Department Of Education V. Brown, Pamela Foohey 2023 Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law

Brief Of Legal Scholars As Amici Curiae In Support Of Petitioners In Biden V. Nebraska And Department Of Education V. Brown, Pamela Foohey

Amicus Briefs

Amici curiae are professors at law schools throughout the United States. Amici’s expertise encompasses student-financial-assistance programs under Title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965, consumer finance, administrative and constitutional law, modes of statutory interpretation, and the development of the major questions doctrine. Amici have a strong interest in assisting this Court in resolving questions of law that go to the core of their professional expertise and scholarship, namely, the scope of the Department of Education’s authority to provide relief to borrowers and the development of this Court’s statutory interpretation methodology, particularly in the context of its precedent …


Kepastian Hukum Kantor Perwakilan Badan Usaha Jasa Konstruksi Asing Dalam Melakukan Kegiatan Usaha Di Indonesia, Emy Mutia Zahrina 2023 Universitas Indonesia

Kepastian Hukum Kantor Perwakilan Badan Usaha Jasa Konstruksi Asing Dalam Melakukan Kegiatan Usaha Di Indonesia, Emy Mutia Zahrina

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Representative offices are present in Indonesia in order to meet the needs of global economic growth in all countries. Multinational companies expand their business to other countries through relocation policies. The aim is none other than an effort to reduce production costs through a number of comparative advantages possessed by Indonesia as well as seizing such a large market for these products, and through this way multinational companies benefit. The presence of representative offices in Indonesia is regulated by Presidential Decree Number 90 of 2000 concerning Representative Offices of Foreign Companies. Through the Presidential Decree, the government limits the scope …


Cross-Border Transfer Pricing Sebagai Tindakan Tax Avoidance, Elleanor Rigby Bangun 2023 Universitas Indonesia

Cross-Border Transfer Pricing Sebagai Tindakan Tax Avoidance, Elleanor Rigby Bangun

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Transfer Pricing refers to pricing transaction within and between enterprises situated in different countries and belong to the same multinational group. Cross-border transaction inevitably affects international taxation, especially when multinational enterprises encounter two or more countries that apply different tax collection systems. Consequently, a Tax Treaty (Perjanjian Penghindaran Pajak Berganda/P3B) is made to resolve issues involving double taxation. However, since the Tax Treaty’s benefits vary by country, the investors or companies tend to abuse the agreement in order to gain the most profitable benefits or incentives. Abusing the benefits of Tax Treaty (P3B) could be categorized as an act against …


Resentralisasi Kewenagan Pengelolaan Pertambangan Mineral Dan Batura, Muhammad Salman Al Farisi 2023 Universitas Indonesia

Resentralisasi Kewenagan Pengelolaan Pertambangan Mineral Dan Batura, Muhammad Salman Al Farisi

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Amendments to Law No. 4 of 2009 became Law No. 4 of 2009 withdrawing almost all local government authority into central authority. Leaving room for delegation of some of the authority of the Central Government to provincial regional governments for the issuance of IPR and SIPB, even district-city governments no longer have space for authority over coal mineral mining matters. the authority of provincial or district/city regional governments in mining affairs, is a concurrent matter which in its handling involves the central government and regional governments, withdraws most of the authority and does not involve regional governments, of course it …


Analisis Terhadap Penerapan Asas Formil Dan Materiil Pembentukan Rancangan Undang-Undang Tentang Penghapusan Kekerasan Seksual, Siti Sharhana Drajat 2023 Universitas Indonesia

Analisis Terhadap Penerapan Asas Formil Dan Materiil Pembentukan Rancangan Undang-Undang Tentang Penghapusan Kekerasan Seksual, Siti Sharhana Drajat

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Sexual violence in Indonesia has caused a public’s worry. The bill on the elimination of sexual violence (RUU PKS) is considered very important to be passed. Purpose of this article is to analyze the suitability of the principles in the RUU PKS with Indonesian act of Formulation of Laws and Regulation Number 12 of 2011 (UU P3). The method used in writing this article uses the normative legal research. Results of this study are formal principles in the anti sexual violence bill is appropriate with the UU P3 except the principle of openness. Likewise with the material principles in the …


Analisis Kritis Mengenai Percepatan Waktu Penagihan Utang Dalam Sengketa-Sengketa Kepailitan, Siti Rahmah Sari Ramadhani 2023 Universitas Indonesia

Analisis Kritis Mengenai Percepatan Waktu Penagihan Utang Dalam Sengketa-Sengketa Kepailitan, Siti Rahmah Sari Ramadhani

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Law Number 37 of 2004 (UUK-PKPU) is a refinement of the old bankruptcy regulation of Faillissementsverordening (Fv) and Law Number 4 of 1998 (UUK). Completion is done in order to meet the needs and solve problems that arise in connection with bankruptcy. However, despite the changes and improvements to the regulation, there are still problems that arise, especially in accelerating the timing of debt collection (acceleration). In the UKK and Fv acceleration is not regulated normatively. So the judge has the discretion to make the discovery of the law differently in each case. In UUK-PKPU acceleration found in the explanation …


Tinjauan Hukum Penerapan Hak Mendahulu Utang Pajak Dalam Perkara Kepailitan Pt Industries Badja Garuda Berdasarkan Undang-Undang Nomor 37 Tahun 2004 Tentang Kepailitan Dan Penundaan Kewajiban Pembayaran Utang, Siti Fatimah Citra Nurislamiati 2023 Universitas Indonesia

Tinjauan Hukum Penerapan Hak Mendahulu Utang Pajak Dalam Perkara Kepailitan Pt Industries Badja Garuda Berdasarkan Undang-Undang Nomor 37 Tahun 2004 Tentang Kepailitan Dan Penundaan Kewajiban Pembayaran Utang, Siti Fatimah Citra Nurislamiati

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

This paper discusses the application of pre-emptive rights over tax debt collection in bankruptcy disputes regulated in Article 41 paragraph (3) of Law Number 37 of 2004 concerning the Bankruptcy and Deferral of Debt Payment Obligations displayed by the Directorate General of Taxes. Tax debts outside the bankruptcy process for compulsory taxes are being filed for bankruptcy by requesting the Commercial Court to return all tax liabilities that would harm the interests of the country. In the event that a taxpayer has been declared bankrupt, the Directorate General of Taxes still has the right to overtake and is privileged, requesting …


Kedudukan Bukti Tidak Langsung (Indirect Evidence) Dalam Penyelesaian Praktik Kartel Di Indonesia, Siti Aminah 2023 Universitas Indonesia

Kedudukan Bukti Tidak Langsung (Indirect Evidence) Dalam Penyelesaian Praktik Kartel Di Indonesia, Siti Aminah

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

The purpose of this paper is to find out and analyze the position of Indirect evidence used by KPPU in the completion of cartel practices in Indonesia and to analyze indirect evidence in terms of systems of verification in Indonesia. The research method used in this writing is a method of legal research that is prescriptive. The position of Indirect Evidence or evidence in the process of evidence can be accepted as evidence in proof of a cartel case and is evidence that must support the occurrence of alleged cartel practices in terms of price fixing and this indirect evidence …


Tinjauan Resi Gudang Sebagai Lembaga Jaminan, Savitri Islamiana Putri 2023 Universitas Indonesia

Tinjauan Resi Gudang Sebagai Lembaga Jaminan, Savitri Islamiana Putri

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Warehouse Receipt System is expected as a solution to overcome the fall in commodity Warehouse Receipt System is expected as a solution to overcome the fall in commodity prices at harvest by storing farmers' harvests in the warehouse. The building manager will issue a Warehouse Receipt as proof of ownership of the goods stored as collateral for the debt that can be transferred by the inventory collateral. Therefore, the government Act No. 9 of 2011 concerning Amendment to Law No. 9 of 2006 concerning the Warehouse Receipt System (SRG Law). This research seeks to answer can the warehouse receipt provisions …


Analisis Hukum Terhadap Perlindungan Nasabah Dalam Menggunakan Internet Banking Di Indonesia (Studi Kasus Bank X), Salsabila Putrianda 2023 Universitas Indonesia

Analisis Hukum Terhadap Perlindungan Nasabah Dalam Menggunakan Internet Banking Di Indonesia (Studi Kasus Bank X), Salsabila Putrianda

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

With the present development of technology and the internet, everything has been made easier. One sector that is affected by the development of information and communication technology is Banking, an economic sub-sector that mobilizes public funds. Behind the convenience obtained from the use of Internet Banking, there are also risks that can be used in the use of this service, among others, many violations of law regarding personal data via the Internet and also regarding financial risks suffered by bank customers in the use of Internet Banking The IT criminals cause the Banking industry to be able to prepare security …


Dampak Ketiadaan Perda Penetapan Ukl/Upl Pada Kepastian Hukum Dalam Pelaksanaan Desentralisasi Di Bidang Lingkungan Hidup, Puteri Amirillis 2023 Universitas Indonesia

Dampak Ketiadaan Perda Penetapan Ukl/Upl Pada Kepastian Hukum Dalam Pelaksanaan Desentralisasi Di Bidang Lingkungan Hidup, Puteri Amirillis

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

The case of mangrove damage on the South Coast of West Sumatra in 2016-2017 where the defendant was a Deputy Regent who owned land in the Nagari Mandeh area, Pesisir Selatan, West Sumatra. The land was built without an environmental permit. The absence of an environmental permit has emerged because of the mangrove damage. This paper focuses on the absence of environmental permits because there is no stipulation on the types of businesses that are required to have UKL / UPL which should be stipulated by a regional regulation (Perda) by the Regional Government of the Pesisir Selatan Regency. This …


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