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Corporate Tax Avoidance And Honoring The Fiduciary Duties Owed To The Corporation And Its Stockholders, Eric C. Chaffee, Karie Davis-Nozemack 2017 University of Toledo College of Law

Corporate Tax Avoidance And Honoring The Fiduciary Duties Owed To The Corporation And Its Stockholders, Eric C. Chaffee, Karie Davis-Nozemack

Boston College Law Review

Corporate tax avoidance is a pressing issue of both national and international concern. Corporations usually claim that they are legally required to engage in aggressive tax strategies. But this Article proves that claim is incorrect when based upon the fiduciary duties owed to the corporation and its stockholders. Directors and other corporate managers often look to the classic case of Dodge v. Ford, which is ubiquitous in corporate law from the boardroom to the courtroom, as a North Star that guides them toward and defines their fiduciary duties to the corporation and its stockholders. In Dodge, the court held, “A ...


The Public Interest In Corporate Settlements, Brandon L. Garrett 2017 University of Virginia School of Law

The Public Interest In Corporate Settlements, Brandon L. Garrett

Boston College Law Review

Corporate settlements are proliferating in form and function. They include consent decrees, corporate integrity agreements, deferred prosecution agreements, non-prosecution agreements, leniency agreements, and plea bargains. Enforcers at the federal and state level enter an array of administrative, civil, and criminal resolutions of enforcement actions against companies. The reach of these settlements is global, and corporate fines have reached new records, with penalties in the hundreds of billions of dollars affecting entire industries and economies. These settlements have not been studied together as a subject, perhaps because they span very different fields, from antitrust to banking, environmental law, health law, and ...


Stopping Illegal Fishing And Seafood Fraudsters: The Presidential Task Force’S Plan On Tackling Iuu Fishing And Seafood Fraud, Thomas Lampert 2017 Boston College Law School

Stopping Illegal Fishing And Seafood Fraudsters: The Presidential Task Force’S Plan On Tackling Iuu Fishing And Seafood Fraud, Thomas Lampert

Boston College Law Review

Worldwide seafood markets have a major problem: too often, the seafood listed on the menu is of a different species than what is served. This phenomenon—known as seafood fraud—and the related practice of illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing threatens the sustainability of our oceans, poses health risks to consumers, and forces consumers to pay a high price for a cheap product. Previous domestic and international efforts to combat this issue have failed for a number of reasons, including the international nature of the industry, a byzantine supply chain, the large number of entities responsible for combatting the issue ...


Heroism Science Offers A New Framework For Cultivating Civic Virtue Within Clinical Law Programs, Francina Cantatore, Nickolas J. James 2017 Bond University

Heroism Science Offers A New Framework For Cultivating Civic Virtue Within Clinical Law Programs, Francina Cantatore, Nickolas J. James

Australian Journal of Clinical Education

Law schools have an obligation to produce law graduates who are not only knowledgeable and competent but also committed to working towards the public good. Clinical law programs, and in particular pro bono law clinics, have the potential to provoke a positive personal transformation on the part of the law student, leading to the development of civic virtue, but law schools lack a useful framework for conceptualising, facilitating and evaluating this personal transformation. The emergent field of heroism science provides such a framework. In particular the notion of the ‘hero’s journey’ can be drawn upon to address some of ...


Maine Corporation Law & Practice, 2nd Edition, George F. Eaton II, Kristy M. Smith 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Maine Corporation Law & Practice, 2nd Edition, George F. Eaton Ii, Kristy M. Smith

Maine Law Review

In 2001, several members of the Business Law Section of the Maine Bar Association convened the Corporate Law Revision Committee (the Committee), which set out to adapt the Model Business Corporation Act (the Model Act) for use in Maine. Maine's corporation law had not benefited from a comprehensive over-haul since 1971, and notwithstanding periodic updates of specific components of the statutory regime over the years, a thorough and comprehensive revision was needed to keep pace with modern corporate law and practice in the twenty-first century. The Committee's efforts, under the leadership of James B. Zimpritch, Esq., widely acknowledged ...


A Progressive Case For A Universal Transaction Tax, Gary Chartier 2017 University of Maine School of Law

A Progressive Case For A Universal Transaction Tax, Gary Chartier

Maine Law Review

Federal Reserve Board chair Alan Greenspan’s recent call for tax simplification and his acknowledgement of arguments for a consumption tax may help to place the question of such taxes, including a value-added tax (VAT), on the national political agenda. If the possibility of imposing a VAT does receive significant national attention, the debate it occasions will obviously, and appropriately, focus in part on a variety of technical questions. But normative questions will likely be at issue as well. A VAT is like a sales tax, but is applied at each stage in a product’s development and not merely ...


Brief Of Amici Curiae Corporate Law Professors In Masterpiece Cakeshop, Ltd. V. Colorado Civil Rights Commission, Kent Greenfield, Daniel A. Rubens 2017 Boston College Law School

Brief Of Amici Curiae Corporate Law Professors In Masterpiece Cakeshop, Ltd. V. Colorado Civil Rights Commission, Kent Greenfield, Daniel A. Rubens

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

Professor Greenfield was the principal author of an amicus brief on behalf of 33 corporate law professors in Masterpiece Cakeshop, Ltd. v. Colorado Civil Rights Commission, argued in December 2017. The brief argues that shareholders’ religious and political beliefs should not be projected onto a corporation for purposes of First Amendment accommodation.


Understanding The Consumer Review Fairness Act Of 2016, Eric Goldman 2017 Santa Clara University School of Law

Understanding The Consumer Review Fairness Act Of 2016, Eric Goldman

Michigan Telecommunications and Technology Law Review

Consumer reviews are vitally important to our modern economy. Markets become stronger and more efficient when consumers share their marketplace experiences and guide other consumers toward the best vendors and away from poor ones. Businesses recognize the importance of consumer reviews, and many businesses take numerous steps to manage how consumer reviews affect their public image. Unfortunately, in a misguided effort to control consumer reviews, some businesses have deployed contract provisions that ban or inhibit their consumers from reviewing them. I call those provisions “antireview clauses.”

Anti-review clauses distort the marketplace benefits society gets from consumer reviews by suppressing peer ...


Paypal Is New Money: Extending Secondary Copyright Liability Safe Harbors To Online Payment Processors, Erika Douglas 2017 University of Michigan Law School

Paypal Is New Money: Extending Secondary Copyright Liability Safe Harbors To Online Payment Processors, Erika Douglas

Michigan Telecommunications and Technology Law Review

The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) has shaped the Internet as we know it. This legislation shields online service providers from secondary copyright infringement liability in exchange for takedown of infringing content of their users. Yet online payment processors, the backbone of $300 billion in U.S. e-commerce, are completely outside of the DMCA’s protection. This Article uses PayPal, the most popular online payment company in the U.S., to illustrate the growing risk of secondary liability for payment processors. First it looks at jurisprudence that expands secondary copyright liability online, and explains how it might be applied to ...


Trending @ Rwu Law: Michael Bowden's Post: Celebrating Professor Tony Santoro 10-31-2017, Michael Bowden 2017 Roger Williams Univeristy School of Law

Trending @ Rwu Law: Michael Bowden's Post: Celebrating Professor Tony Santoro 10-31-2017, Michael Bowden

Law School Blogs

No abstract provided.


A Rose By Any Other Name: Elucidating The Intersection Of Patent And Antitrust Laws In Tying Arrangement Cases, Kyle R. Friedman 2017 University of Maine School of Law

A Rose By Any Other Name: Elucidating The Intersection Of Patent And Antitrust Laws In Tying Arrangement Cases, Kyle R. Friedman

Maine Law Review

In Illinois Tool Works Inc. v. Independent Ink, Inc., an ink manufacturer sought to invalidate patents held by a printing system manufacturer by alleging that the patents resulted in illegal tying and monopolization in violation of Sections 1 and 2 of the Sherman Act. This action was preceded by an infringement action brought by Illinois Tool Works (ITW), which was dismissed for lack of personal jurisdiction. Independent Ink (Independent) responded by seeking a judgment of non-infringement and invalidity of patents against ITW. The district court granted summary judgment in favor of ITW on both counts. The court of appeals reversed ...


The Corporation As Sovereign, Allison D. Garrett 2017 University of Maine School of Law

The Corporation As Sovereign, Allison D. Garrett

Maine Law Review

In the past two hundred years, sovereignty devolved from the monarch to the people in many countries; in our lifetimes, it has devolved in several significant ways from the people to the corporation. We are witnesses to the erosion of traditional Westphalian concepts of sovereignty, where the chess game of international politics is played out by nation-states, each governing a certain geographic area and group of people. Eulogies for the nation-state often cite globalization as the cause of death. The causa mortis is characterized by the increase in the power and normative influence of supranational organizations, such as the United ...


Introduction To U.S. Export Controls For The Commercial Space Industry, U.S. Department of Commerce’s Office of Space Commerce, Federal Aviation Administration’s Office of Commercial Space Transportation 2017 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Introduction To U.S. Export Controls For The Commercial Space Industry, U.S. Department Of Commerce’S Office Of Space Commerce, Federal Aviation Administration’S Office Of Commercial Space Transportation

Documents on Outer Space Law

This guidebook provides basic information to help commercial space organizations, especially emerging entrepreneurial firms, considering business in the international market. It is intended to serve as a starting point in the preparation for the export control process. This is an update to the 2008 edition and reflects changes due to the Export Control Reform initiative. Because most space technologies are subject to export controls, it is your responsibility to be aware of the steps necessary to ensure that your operations are lawful. While this guidebook gives an overview of the general responsibilities and procedures, it cannot replace a full understanding ...


Smart Contracts: Terminology, Technical Limitations And Real World Complexity, Eliza MIK 2017 Singapore Management University

Smart Contracts: Terminology, Technical Limitations And Real World Complexity, Eliza Mik

Research Collection School Of Law

If one is to believe the popular press and many “technical writings,” blockchains create not only a perfect transactional environment but also obviate the need for banks, lawyers and courts. The latter will soon be replaced by smart contracts: unbiased and infallible computer programs that form, perform and enforce agreements. Predictions of future revolutions must, however, be distinguished from the harsh reality of the commercial marketplace and the technical limitations of blockchains. The fact that a technological solution is innovative and elegant need not imply that it is commercially useful or legally viable. Apart from attempting a terminological “clean-up” surrounding ...


Lord Denning’S Influence On Contract Formation In Singapore: An Overdue Demise?, Chia Ming LEE, Wei Yao, Kenny CHNG 2017 Singapore Management University

Lord Denning’S Influence On Contract Formation In Singapore: An Overdue Demise?, Chia Ming Lee, Wei Yao, Kenny Chng

Research Collection School Of Law

In a series of inconsistent decisions by the Singapore courts on contractformation in continuing negotiations cases, Lord Denning’s broad approach—which does away with the traditional offer and acceptance analysis—appearsto have been simultaneously adopted and rejected. This article suggests thatthe continued uncertainty in Singapore regarding the scope of application ofthe traditional approach and Lord Denning’s approach arises from aconflation of both as being substantially similar. This article further arguesthat both approaches are conceptually and practically distinct. A better wayforward for Singapore law in the area of contract formation in continuingnegotiations cases, having regard to developments in English ...


Corporate Migrations And Tax Transparency And Disclosure, Diane M. Ring 2017 Boston College Law School

Corporate Migrations And Tax Transparency And Disclosure, Diane M. Ring

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

Migration, broadly defined, characterizes the movement of peoples and businesses across borders. The latter part of the 20th century saw notable business expansion across borders spurred by currency, capital, and investment restrictions and by the increased ability to manage global activities through technology and communications. Twenty plus years into this business globalization, we have witnessed the dramatic rise of transparency and disclosure rules and regimes. These regimes, which have dominated much of global international tax reform, include: (1) country-by-country reporting of tax information, (2) automatic exchange of tax rulings among jurisdictions, and (3) disclosure of beneficial ownership of entities. In ...


Newsroom: Gutoff, Nixon On Puerto Rico 09-28-2017, Katie Warren, Roger Williams University School of Law 2017 New England Cable News (NECN)

Newsroom: Gutoff, Nixon On Puerto Rico 09-28-2017, Katie Warren, Roger Williams University School Of Law

Life of the Law School (1993- )

No abstract provided.


Newsroom: From Farm To School 09-21-2017, Jill Rodrigues, Roger Williams University School of Law 2017 Roger Williams University

Newsroom: From Farm To School 09-21-2017, Jill Rodrigues, Roger Williams University School Of Law

Life of the Law School (1993- )

No abstract provided.


E-Commerce All At Sea: China Welcomes Digital Bills Of Lading Under The Electronic Signature Law 2005, Felix W.H. Chan 2017 University of Oklahoma College of Law

E-Commerce All At Sea: China Welcomes Digital Bills Of Lading Under The Electronic Signature Law 2005, Felix W.H. Chan

Oklahoma Journal of Law and Technology

No abstract provided.


The Threads Of Justice: Economic Liberalization And The Secondhand Clothing Trade Between The U.S. And Haiti, Kelsey Gasseling 2017 Boston College Law School

The Threads Of Justice: Economic Liberalization And The Secondhand Clothing Trade Between The U.S. And Haiti, Kelsey Gasseling

Boston College Law Review

After World War II, as economic liberalization spread across the globe through international negotiations like the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, so too did used clothing. Though many proponents of the trade laud its capacity to create employment opportunities in less developed countries, critics suggest it has a more insidious deleterious effect on local industry. To this day, however, little research has been done regarding the symbiotic relationship between trade liberalization and the secondhand clothing industry. Some economic scholars suggest that current approaches to liberal trade—unilateral trade preferences particularly—stymy, instead of stimulate sustainable and just economic growth ...


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