Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Commercial Law Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

5175 Full-Text Articles 3128 Authors 2224942 Downloads 112 Institutions

All Articles in Commercial Law

Faceted Search

5175 full-text articles. Page 2 of 100.

Sharing Economy Inequality: How The Adoption Of Class Action Waivers In The Sharing Economy Presents A Threat To Racial Discrimination Claims, Caitlin Toto 2017 Boston College Law School

Sharing Economy Inequality: How The Adoption Of Class Action Waivers In The Sharing Economy Presents A Threat To Racial Discrimination Claims, Caitlin Toto

Boston College Law Review

In recent years, the sharing economy has pervaded the life of the consumer, challenging the regulatory and business status quo. Despite the pluralistic messages of many sharing economy companies, racial discrimination is a growing problem on peer-to-peer networks such as Uber and Airbnb. Victims of discrimination, however, have encountered an even greater opponent: class action waivers in arbitration agreements, which are omnipresent in sharing economy company contracts. Due to the inherent tie between class action and civil rights, racial discrimination claims in the sharing economy are held hostage by individual arbitration agreements. This Note argues that without action by Congress ...


Supremacy Of Law Or Religion: Congress's Power To Amend The Constitution Bypassing Constraints Of The Constitutional Process, Roman Sankovych 2017 DePaul University

Supremacy Of Law Or Religion: Congress's Power To Amend The Constitution Bypassing Constraints Of The Constitutional Process, Roman Sankovych

DePaul Business and Commercial Law Journal

No abstract provided.


The Netflix Tax: Chicago's Extension Of Its Amusement Tax To Include Electronically Delivered Entertainment Faces Numerous Changes And Sets The Stage For Taxing On Streaming-Based Entertainment, Stephanie Cueman 2017 DePaul University

The Netflix Tax: Chicago's Extension Of Its Amusement Tax To Include Electronically Delivered Entertainment Faces Numerous Changes And Sets The Stage For Taxing On Streaming-Based Entertainment, Stephanie Cueman

DePaul Business and Commercial Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform And Consumer Protection Act: The Evolution Of Whistleblower Protections, Employment Contracts And Mandatory Arbitration Agreements, Florence Shu-Acquaye 2017 Nova Southeastern University - Shepard Broad Law Center

Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform And Consumer Protection Act: The Evolution Of Whistleblower Protections, Employment Contracts And Mandatory Arbitration Agreements, Florence Shu-Acquaye

DePaul Business and Commercial Law Journal

No abstract provided.


The Eleventh Circuit's Second Shot At Getting It Right: Nonconsensual Nondebtor Releases In Bankruptcy Court, Pierce G. Hand IV 2017 DePaul University

The Eleventh Circuit's Second Shot At Getting It Right: Nonconsensual Nondebtor Releases In Bankruptcy Court, Pierce G. Hand Iv

DePaul Business and Commercial Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Resolving Economic Disputes In Russia's Market Economy, Karen Halverson 2017 John Marshall Law School

Resolving Economic Disputes In Russia's Market Economy, Karen Halverson

Karen Halverson Cross

The purpose of this paper is to examine the recent transformation of state arbitrazh into economic courts along with the development of commercial arbitration in Russia, and to consider the relative utility of these mechanisms for resolving disputes in Russia's evolving market economy. Part I describes state arbitrazh and details its evolution into the existing system of economic courts. Part II discusses the past and recent development of commercial arbitration in Russia as an alternative to litigating domestic disputes. Part III considers various social and historic factors that hinder genuine reform.


Extraterritoriality Of The Regulations And Interconnections Of The Derivatives Market: Legal Implications For East And Southeast Asia, Christopher C. H. CHEN 2017 Singapore Management University

Extraterritoriality Of The Regulations And Interconnections Of The Derivatives Market: Legal Implications For East And Southeast Asia, Christopher C. H. Chen

Research Collection School Of Law

This article examines the legal implications of the interconnections of the global derivatives market, such as the exchange and over-the-counter (OTC) markets, in East and Southeast Asia. First, we introduce the interconnectedness of the global derivatives market. We then examine some legal implications of such interconnectedness from several angles, such as the extraterritoriality of relevant regulations (notably the reporting, clearing and trading mandates prescribed by the G20 and the new initial margin rule), standard product documentation, the effect of substituted compliance, the potential competition effect due to shifting OTC trades to exchange trading and the effect of consolidating exchanges and ...


Legal Transplantation Of Uk Style Takeover Regulation In Singapore, Wai Yee WAN 2017 Singapore Management University

Legal Transplantation Of Uk Style Takeover Regulation In Singapore, Wai Yee Wan

Research Collection School Of Law

In 1974, Singapore adopted the UK City Code of Takeovers and Mergers (City Code), even though it did not have the equivalent of the business community to the City of London. The concentrated ownership structure of Singapore listed firms differs significantly from the Berle and Means ownership model found in the UK firms, even today. This chapter gives an account of the evolution of takeover regulation and explains the reasons for the transplantation, and with certain limited exceptions, maintenance of, UK model of takeover regulation, from the perspectives of the supply side of rule production, that is, the blockholders and ...


Legal Transplantation Of Uk Style Takeover Regulation In Singapore, Wai Yee WAN 2017 Singapore Management University

Legal Transplantation Of Uk Style Takeover Regulation In Singapore, Wai Yee Wan

Research Collection School Of Law

In 1974, Singapore adopted the UK City Code of Takeovers and Mergers (City Code), even though it did not have the equivalent of the business community to the City of London. The concentrated ownership structure of Singapore listed firms differs significantly from the Berle and Means ownership model found in the UK firms, even today. This chapter gives an account of the evolution of takeover regulation and explains the reasons for the transplantation, and with certain limited exceptions, maintenance of, UK model of takeover regulation, from the perspectives of the supply side of rule production, that is, the blockholders and ...


A Director’S Duty Of Loyalty And The Relevance Of The Company’S Scope Of Business: Cheng Wai Tao V Poon Ka Man Jason, Pearlie M. C. KOH 2017 Singapore Management University

A Director’S Duty Of Loyalty And The Relevance Of The Company’S Scope Of Business: Cheng Wai Tao V Poon Ka Man Jason, Pearlie M. C. Koh

Research Collection School Of Law

The Hong Kong Court of Final Appeal has utilised a ‘scope of business’ inquiry to delineate the boundaries of the no-conflict rule for the company director. Such an inquiry is directed at discerning the realistic ability of the company to exploit any particular business opportunity and a strict capacity approach is eschewed, at least where the no-conflict rule is concerned. The decision is premised on a bifurcation between the no-conflict and no-profit rules, suggesting that the tests to determine breach of these fiduciary rules are not necessarily the same, thus permitting a more nuanced consideration of directorial breaches.


Tales From A Form Book: Stock Stories And Transactional Documents, Susan M. Chesler, Karen J. Sneddon 2017 Clinical Professor of Law, Sandra Day O’Connor College of Law, Arizona State University

Tales From A Form Book: Stock Stories And Transactional Documents, Susan M. Chesler, Karen J. Sneddon

Montana Law Review

Tales from a Form Book: Stock Stories and Transactional Documents


Cuando Otros Deciden Por Ti: La Eficiencia En La Intervención Judicial De Los Contratos Civiles, Diego Angulo Osorio 2017 ALACDE

Cuando Otros Deciden Por Ti: La Eficiencia En La Intervención Judicial De Los Contratos Civiles, Diego Angulo Osorio

The Latin American and Iberian Journal of Law and Economics

When the supply crosses with the acceptance of the contract, it is an optimal situation because the resources available, in theory, have been assigned efficiently and have been allocated to more valuable uses. However, this optimistic situation will not last forever; over time, it almost always affects the economic balance of the contract. The benefit or consideration becomes more valuable in comparison with the other, becoming too costly to comply with the contract, because the cost-benefit ratio was broken. How can the contractual balance be restored? Two paths are considered. On the one hand, judicialization, on the other renegotiation under ...


Amending Corporate Charters And Bylaws, Albert H. Choi, Geeyoung Min 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Amending Corporate Charters And Bylaws, Albert H. Choi, Geeyoung Min

Faculty Scholarship

Recently, courts have embraced the contractarian theory that corporate charters and bylaws constitute a “contract” between the shareholders and the corporation and have been more willing to uphold bylaws unilaterally adopted by the directors. This paper examines the contractarian theory by drawing a parallel between amending charters and bylaws, on the one hand, and amending contracts, on the other. In particular, the paper compares the right to unilaterally amend corporate bylaws with the right to unilaterally modify contract terms, and highlights how contract law imposes various limitations on the modifying party’s discretion. More generally, when the relationship of contracting ...


First Amendment Commercial Speech—Swipe Fees Mute Texas Merchants, Shelby T. Perry 2017 Southern Methodist University

First Amendment Commercial Speech—Swipe Fees Mute Texas Merchants, Shelby T. Perry

SMU Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Uberization Of Arbitration Clauses, Jill I. Gross 2017 Elisabeth Haub School of Law, Pace University

The Uberization Of Arbitration Clauses, Jill I. Gross

Arbitration Law Review

No abstract provided.


Consumer Click Arbitration: A Review Of Online Consumer Arbitration Agreements, Jeffrey H. Dasteel 2017 UCLA Law School

Consumer Click Arbitration: A Review Of Online Consumer Arbitration Agreements, Jeffrey H. Dasteel

Arbitration Law Review

No abstract provided.


Sovereign Debt And Moral Hazard: The Role Of Collective Action And Contractual Ambiguity, Marcel Kahan, Shmuel Leshem 2017 New York University School of Law

Sovereign Debt And Moral Hazard: The Role Of Collective Action And Contractual Ambiguity, Marcel Kahan, Shmuel Leshem

New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers

The ambiguous phrasing of pari passu (equal treatment) clauses in sovereign debt contracts has long ba ed commentators. We show that in the presence of asymmetric information on a sovereign borrower’s ability to pay, an ambiguous pari passu clause gives rise to a collective action problem among creditors that can reduce sovereign moral hazard. By varying the clause ambiguity, parties can induce an (ex ante) optimal probability of costly renegotiation breakdown resulting from creditors’failure to coordinate. As information asymmetry decreases, a pari passu clause becomes a coarser instrument for configuring creditors’incentives and thereby resolving moral hazard.


Improving Connectivity Between Asean's Legal Systems To Address Commercial Issues, Locknie HSU, Pearlie M. C. KOH, Man YIP 2017 Singapore Management University

Improving Connectivity Between Asean's Legal Systems To Address Commercial Issues, Locknie Hsu, Pearlie M. C. Koh, Man Yip

Research Collection School Of Law

This interim report on legal barriers to doing business in ASEAN coincides with the50th Anniversary of ASEAN’s founding and the first year of the ASEAN EconomicCommunity (AEC). The team is privileged to be supported by, among others, theCanada-ASEAN Business Council (CABC), given that it is also the 40th anniversary ofdialogue relations between Canada and ASEAN. Despite occasional misgivings about the “ASEAN Way”, ASEAN economic integrationhas come a very long way. The number of member States has grown over the 50years since ASEAN’s founding, and the joint efforts among these States drivingeconomic growth and integration in the region have ...


Human Equity? Regulating The New Income Share Agreements, Diane M. Ring, Shu-Yi Oei 2017 Boston College Law School

Human Equity? Regulating The New Income Share Agreements, Diane M. Ring, Shu-Yi Oei

Shu-Yi Oei

A controversial new financing phenomenon has recently emerged. New “income share agreements” (“ISAs”) enable an individual to raise funds by pledging a percentage of her future earnings to investors for a certain number of years. These contracts, which are offered by entities such as Fantex, Upstart, Pave, and Lumni, raise important questions for the legal system: Are they a form of modern-day indentured servitude or an innovative breakthrough in human financing? How should they be treated under the law? This Article constitutes the first real attempt in the legal literature to comprehensively address the public policy and legal issues raised ...


Assurance Services As A Substitute For Law In Global Commerce, Margaret M. Blair, Cynthia A. Williams, Li-Wen Lin 2017 Allard School of Law at the University of British Columbia

Assurance Services As A Substitute For Law In Global Commerce, Margaret M. Blair, Cynthia A. Williams, Li-Wen Lin

Cynthia A. Williams

In this article we examine the rapid emergence and expansion of a private-sector compliance and enforcement infrastructure that we believe may increasingly be providing a substitute for public and legal regulatory infrastructure in global commerce, especially in developing countries where rule of law is weak and court systems are absent or inadequate. This infrastructure is provided by a proliferation of performance codes and standards, and a rapidly-growing global army of privately-trained and authorized inspectors and certifiers that we call the "third-party assurance industry." The growth in the third party assurance business has been phenomenal in the last decade. The business ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress