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Explorations In The Classroom: A Book Review Of Secured Credit: A Systems Approach, Nathalie Martin 2017 Selected Works

Explorations In The Classroom: A Book Review Of Secured Credit: A Systems Approach, Nathalie Martin

Nathalie Martin

Students are often surprised by how much they enjoy commercial law. Anyone who finds either money or power interesting is likely to see the potential for fun in a class where these issues are discussed. In a capitalist society, "Money Law" reflects virtually all of our societal values in one way or another, reflects the culture of capitalism at work, and is "Law and Society" in the broadest sense. While most people find it hard to get excited about secured transactions, this sentiment is not likely to last long if the teacher uses Secured Credit: A Systems Approach. Part I ...


German Conflict Rules And The Multinational Enterprise, Dagmar Coester-Waltjen 2017 University of Augsburg

German Conflict Rules And The Multinational Enterprise, Dagmar Coester-Waltjen

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Mutual Fund Capital Structure, A. Joseph Warburton 2017 Syracuse University

Mutual Fund Capital Structure, A. Joseph Warburton

Marquette Law Review

The Investment Company Act of 1940 regulates the capital structure of mutual funds in order to restrain their leverage and speculative character. It is often (mistakenly) assumed that the law prohibits open-end mutual funds from borrowing money. This Article (I) analyzes the law governing mutual fund capital structure to reveal when (and to what extent) borrowing is allowed and (ii) examines a novel dataset on mutual fund capital structure that shows borrowing is an unexpectedly common practice.

Using data on all registered investment companies in the U.S. from 1998 to 2013, I find that nearly 8% of open-end mutual ...


To Fund Or Not To Fund: Deficiencies In The Wisconsin Crowdfunding Act That Hamper The Viaiblity Of Intrastate Crowdfunding, Andrew S. Hovestol 2017 Marquette University Law School

To Fund Or Not To Fund: Deficiencies In The Wisconsin Crowdfunding Act That Hamper The Viaiblity Of Intrastate Crowdfunding, Andrew S. Hovestol

Marquette Law Review

"Crowdfunding," which is described as "the practice of . . . soliciting [financial] contributions from a large number of people especially from the online community," has recently taken the financial world by storm through the advent of websites like "Kickstarter," "Fundable," "IndieGogo," "Razoo," and "Appbackr." Such websites provide a marketplace whereby companies, small businesses, and entrepreneurs looking for startup capital can solicit funding from individual investors. The concept is relatively straightforward: project creators initiate a profile that includes informative bits like short videos, a brief synopsis of the project, and images to further showcase the project. Each project has a target amount of ...


Insider Trading Flaw: Toward A Fraud-On-The-Market Theory And Beyond, Kenneth R. Davis 2017 American University Washington College of Law

Insider Trading Flaw: Toward A Fraud-On-The-Market Theory And Beyond, Kenneth R. Davis

American University Law Review

No abstract provided.


International Commercial Banking, Benjamin Geva 2017 Osgoode Hall Law School of York University

International Commercial Banking, Benjamin Geva

Osgoode Course Casebooks

Course Number 6874


Commercial And Consumer Transactions Volume Ii: Negotiable Instruments And Banking 3rd Ed., Benjamin Geva 2017 Osgoode Hall Law School of York University

Commercial And Consumer Transactions Volume Ii: Negotiable Instruments And Banking 3rd Ed., Benjamin Geva

Osgoode Course Casebooks

Course Number 2420


Commercial Transactions, John Krahmer 2017 Texas Tech University

Commercial Transactions, John Krahmer

SMU Annual Texas Survey

No abstract provided.


Aggregated Royalties For Top-Down Frand Determinations: Revisiting "Joint Negotiation", Jorge L. Contreras 2017 S.J. Quinney College of Law, University of Utah

Aggregated Royalties For Top-Down Frand Determinations: Revisiting "Joint Negotiation", Jorge L. Contreras

Utah Law Faculty Scholarship

In an environment in which widely-adopted technical standards may each be covered by large numbers of patents, there have been increasing calls for courts to determine “fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory” (FRAND) royalties payable to holders of standardsessential patents (SEPs) using “top-down” methodologies. Top-down royalty approaches begin with the aggregate royalty that should be payable with respect to all SEPs covering a particular standard, and then allocate a portion of the total to individual SEPs. Top-down approaches avoid many drawbacks associated with bottom-up approaches in which royalties for individual SEPs are assessed, often in an inconsistent and piecemeal manner, without regard ...


Corporate Social Responsibility: Are Franchises Off The Hook, Or Can A Treaty Catch Them?, Lauren Verseman 2017 Washington University School of Law

Corporate Social Responsibility: Are Franchises Off The Hook, Or Can A Treaty Catch Them?, Lauren Verseman

Washington University Global Studies Law Review

In the current human rights compliance landscape, a company like McDonald’s can pledge to serve sustainably sourced beef at its restaurants worldwide but at the same time decline to require policies that ensure employees at McDonald’s franchise locations are not subject to unfair labor practices, human rights abuses, or even human trafficking. This paper will explore the duty of business enterprises to respect human rights. It will then discuss the efforts to define the scope of a business and human rights treaty in the face of the “bundle of contracts”the structures of many business entities, specifically franchise ...


My Favorite Case To Teach: A Literal “Gateway” For Students To Learn Contract Formation, Contract Terms, And Legal Realism, Daniel Keating 2017 Washington University School of Law

My Favorite Case To Teach: A Literal “Gateway” For Students To Learn Contract Formation, Contract Terms, And Legal Realism, Daniel Keating

Washington University Journal of Law & Policy

This Essay explains the continued relevance of the issues discussed in Hill v. Gateway 2000, Inc. twenty years later. Keating describes his approach to teaching the case in his classroom, highlighting the broad and narrow issues under Article 2 of the Uniform Commercial Code implicated by the underlying facts. Keating disagrees with the outcome of the case, but praises its value as a teaching tool for sales contract formation and broader policy issues in the legal system.


Plain Tobacco Packaging’S Impact On International Trade And The Family Smoking Prevention And Tobacco Control Act In The U.S. And Drafting Suggestions, Sunil S. Gu 2017 Washington University School of Law

Plain Tobacco Packaging’S Impact On International Trade And The Family Smoking Prevention And Tobacco Control Act In The U.S. And Drafting Suggestions, Sunil S. Gu

Washington University Global Studies Law Review

Despite its legal status, tobacco products, due to the potential harmful effects on health, have never been free from various governmental regulations. However, it was easier said than done to regulate them as governments wished, and in fact there were numerous failed attempts. Thus, governments tried to come up with a better and more effective regulation that will reduce the tobacco consumption thereby promoting public health, under the name of public health of their citizens. And plain tobacco packaging measures are the latest solution suggested.

The introduction of the plain tobacco measures has stirred huge controversy (understandably so), since it ...


Treaty-Based Claims Against Subdivisions Of Icsid Contracting States, Douglas Pivnichny 2017 Washington University School of Law

Treaty-Based Claims Against Subdivisions Of Icsid Contracting States, Douglas Pivnichny

Washington University Global Studies Law Review

This article primarily concerns the juridical personality of States in public international law, how this has changed in the 20th century, and potential consequences of these developments in the field of investor-State arbitration. Specifically, it asks whether a subdivision of a federal State made subject to the jurisdiction of the International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (“ICSID” or “the Centre”) under Article 25 of the ICSID Convention may be responsible as a juridical person independent of its State for violating an investment treaty (e.g., a bilateral investment treaty (“BIT”) or the investment chapter of a free-trade agreement ...


Can The United States Impose Trade Sanctions On China For Currency Manipulation?, Daniel C.K. Chow 2017 Ohio State University College of Law

Can The United States Impose Trade Sanctions On China For Currency Manipulation?, Daniel C.K. Chow

Washington University Global Studies Law Review

Anti-China critics argue that the People’s Republic of China (PRC or China) engages in a long-standing and intentional pattern of currency manipulation that artificially devalues the Chinese currency, the Renminbi (RMB or “people’s currency”) versus the USD. The devaluation of the RMB makes Chinese goods less expensive to the U.S. consumer as they need to exchange fewer dollars for the same amount of RMB used to purchase Chinese imported goods. At the same time, U.S. goods are more expensive to the Chinese consumer as they need to use more RMB to exchange for the same amount ...


The Rules Of The Game And The Morality Of Efficient Breach, Gregory Klass 2017 Georgetown University Law Center

The Rules Of The Game And The Morality Of Efficient Breach, Gregory Klass

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

Moralists have long criticized the theory of efficient breach for its advocacy of promise breaking. But a fully developed theory of efficient breach has an internal morality of its own. It argues that sophisticated parties contract for efficient breach, which in the long run maximizes everyone’s welfare. And the theory marks some breaches—those that are opportunistic, obstructive, or otherwise inefficient—as wrongs that the law should deter, as transgressions that should not be priced but punished. That internal morality, however, does not excuse the theory from moral scrutiny. An extended comparison to Jean Renoir’s 1939 film, La ...


Fair For Whom? Why Debt-Collection Lawsuits In St. Louis Violate The Procedural Due Process Rights Of Low-Income Communities, Aimee Constantineau 2017 American University Washington College of Law

Fair For Whom? Why Debt-Collection Lawsuits In St. Louis Violate The Procedural Due Process Rights Of Low-Income Communities, Aimee Constantineau

American University Law Review

No abstract provided.


A Legal Theory Of Shareholder Primacy, Robert J. Rhee 2017 University of Florida Levin College of Law

A Legal Theory Of Shareholder Primacy, Robert J. Rhee

Working Papers

Shareholder primacy is the most fundamental concept in corporate law and corporate governance. It is widely embraced in the business, legal, and academic communities. Economic analysis and policy arguments advance a normative theory that corporate managers should maximize shareholder wealth. Academic literature invariably describes shareholder primacy as a “norm.” But whether the concept is “law” is contested because, remarkably, we still do not have a coherent legal theory. Our understanding of a fundamental tenet of the field is flawed and incomplete. This article presents a positive legal theory of shareholder primacy. It answers the questions: Is shareholder primacy law? What ...


Recalibrating The Federal Economic Crime Guideline: An Admiring Rejoinder To Judge Bennett And Friends, Frank O. Bowman III 2017 University of Missouri, Columbia

Recalibrating The Federal Economic Crime Guideline: An Admiring Rejoinder To Judge Bennett And Friends, Frank O. Bowman Iii

Faculty Publications

I have read with the greatest pleasure the article on federal white-collar crime sentencing by U.S. District Judge Mark Bennett and Professors Justin Levinson and Koichi Hioki. They review the history of fraud sentencing in the Sentencing Guidelines era, offer a persuasive critique of some deficiencies in the current regime, present the results of their own survey of judicial attitudes toward sentencing a representative fraud case, and propose a series of useful prescriptions for change. Inasmuch as they are kind enough to cite my own work approvingly throughout the article, it will come as no surprise that I agree ...


Money Norms, Julia Y. Lee 2017 Penn State Law

Money Norms, Julia Y. Lee

Journal Articles

Money norms present a fundamental contradiction. Norms embody the social sphere, a system of internalized values, unwritten rules, and shared expectations that informally govern human behavior. Money, on the other hand, evokes the economic sphere of markets, prices, and incentives. Existing legal scholarship keeps the two spheres distinct. Money is assumed to operate as a medium of exchange or as a tool for altering the payoffs of different actions. When used to make good behavior less costly and undesirable behavior more costly, money functions to incentivize, sanction, and deter. Although a rich literature on the expressive function of law exists ...


Sharia Law And International Commercial Arbitration: The Need For An Intra-Islamic Arbitral Institution, George Khoukaz 2017 University of Missouri School of Law

Sharia Law And International Commercial Arbitration: The Need For An Intra-Islamic Arbitral Institution, George Khoukaz

Journal of Dispute Resolution

The goal of this Comment is to address the relationship between Middle-Eastern Islamic countries with the rest of the world from an international commercial arbitration perspective. To do that, we will first briefly address the historic sectarian divide between the two main sects in Islam—Sunna and Shia—which will allow the reader to gain a better understanding of the theoretical differences within Islam, resulting in different legal systems and competing political interests. Section II will also briefly address the modern history of both the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) and the Islamic Republic of Iran (Iran) because these two ...


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