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Tax Cannibalization And Fiscal Federalism In The United States, David Gamage, Darien Shanske 2017 Northwestern University School of Law

Tax Cannibalization And Fiscal Federalism In The United States, David Gamage, Darien Shanske

Northwestern University Law Review

We began this project pondering a riddle. Most state governments have adopted what we—and many others—view as clearly suboptimal tax policies, especially in regard to the taxation of corporate income and capital gains. Yet, with the notable exception of those who oppose progressivity and the taxation of capital, state-level tax policymakers have had remarkably little appetite for reform. This Article provides one major explanation for this riddle by identifying and demonstrating a phenomenon that we label as “tax cannibalization.” We argue that flawed state-level tax policies derive in part from perverse incentives inadvertently created by the federal government.


The Economic Foundation Of The Dormant Commerce Clause, Michael S. Knoll, Ruth Mason 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

The Economic Foundation Of The Dormant Commerce Clause, Michael S. Knoll, Ruth Mason

Faculty Scholarship

Last Term, a sharply divided Supreme Court decided a landmark dormant Commerce Clause case, Comptroller of the Treasury of Maryland v. Wynne. Wynne represents the Court’s first clear acknowledgement of the economic underpinnings of one of its main doctrinal tools for resolving tax discrimination cases, the internal consistency test. In deciding Wynne, the Court relied on economic analysis we provided. This Essay explains that analysis, why the majority accepted it, why the dissenters’ objections to the majority’s reasoning miss their mark, and what Wynne means for state taxation. Essential to our analysis and the Court’s decision in ...


Taxation, Cindy M. Ohlenfrost, Sam Megally, William J. LeDoux 2017 K&L Gates LLP

Taxation, Cindy M. Ohlenfrost, Sam Megally, William J. Ledoux

SMU Annual Texas Survey

No abstract provided.


A State-Level Carbon Tax With Border Adjustments, David Gamage, Darien Shanske 2017 Indiana University Maurer School of La

A State-Level Carbon Tax With Border Adjustments, David Gamage, Darien Shanske

Articles by Maurer Faculty

This essay develops three new doctrinal arguments in support of the conclusion that a state-level carbon tax with border adjustments should be permissible under the dormant commerce clause. This essay builds on our prior work to argue against the view that a single state cannot (practically) impose a significant carbon tax due to the claim that border tax adjustments are Constitutionally impermissible. By demonstrating how a state government could implement a carbon tax with border tax adjustments in a Constitutionally permissible fashion, this essay shows that levying a carbon tax is a realistic and practical option for U.S. state ...


Why A State-Level Carbon Tax Can Include Border Adjustments, David Gamage, Darien Shanske 2017 Indiana University Maurer School of Law

Why A State-Level Carbon Tax Can Include Border Adjustments, David Gamage, Darien Shanske

Articles by Maurer Faculty

This is our third in a series of articles considering taxation and greenhouse gas mitigation. To date, all state-level attempts to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions by placing a price on carbon have involved cap-and-trade regimes. In our previous two articles, we considered how importing tax features into a cap and- trade regime could ease distributive concerns and also make cap-and-trade regimes more efficient.


Tax Cannibalization And Fiscal Federalism In The United States, David Gamage, Darien Shanske 2017 Indiana University Maurer School of Law

Tax Cannibalization And Fiscal Federalism In The United States, David Gamage, Darien Shanske

Articles by Maurer Faculty

We began this project pondering a riddle. Most state governments have adopted what we-and many others-view as clearly suboptimal tax policies, especially in regard to the taxation of corporate income and capital gains. Yet, with the notable exception of those who oppose progressivity and the taxation of capital, state-level tax policymakers have had remarkably little appetite for reform.

This Article provides one major explanation for this riddle by identifying and demonstrating a phenomenon that we label as "tax cannibalization." We argue that flawed state-level tax policies derive in part from perverse incentives inadvertently created by the federal government.


The American Health Care Act Would Toss The States A Hot Potato, David Gamage, Darien Shanske 2017 Indiana University Maurer School of Law

The American Health Care Act Would Toss The States A Hot Potato, David Gamage, Darien Shanske

Articles by Maurer Faculty

This essay explains how the American Health Care Act (AHCA) – the House Republicans’ proposed replacement for Obamacare – would toss a hot potato to state governments. Were the AHCA to be enacted into law, state governments would need to act promptly if they are to save individual insurance markets within their states. This essay explains measures that state governments might take to respond to this threat.


A New Theory Of Equitable Apportionment, David Gamage, Darien Shanske 2017 Indiana University Maurer School of Law

A New Theory Of Equitable Apportionment, David Gamage, Darien Shanske

Articles by Maurer Faculty

This essay analyzes the purpose of the equitable apportionment doctrine in state and local tax jurisprudence, arguing that the doctrine remains coherent in the context of single-sales-factor apportionment regimes.


The Case For Consumer-Based Use Tax Enforcement, David Gamage, Adam Thimmesch, Darien Shanske 2017 Indiana University Maurer School of Law

The Case For Consumer-Based Use Tax Enforcement, David Gamage, Adam Thimmesch, Darien Shanske

Articles by Maurer Faculty

This essay argues that state governments’ current focus on getting vendors to collect their sales and use taxes is insufficient, especially in regard to e-commerce transactions. If state governments want their use taxes to serve as effective and lawful backstops to their sales taxes—as state governments claim is their goal—then states must also focus on the consumer side of the use-tax equation. This essay explains that both economic and rule of law considerations make it imperative for state governments to better enforce their sales and use taxes with respect to consumer taxpayers.


Chapter 701: Protecting Low-Income Families Burdened By Property Taxes, Jessica Wellington 2017 University of the Pacific, McGeorge School of Law

Chapter 701: Protecting Low-Income Families Burdened By Property Taxes, Jessica Wellington

The University of the Pacific Law Review

No abstract provided.


Revenue And Taxation Legislative Summary 2016, Assembly Committee on Revenue and Taxation 2017 Golden Gate University School of Law

Revenue And Taxation Legislative Summary 2016, Assembly Committee On Revenue And Taxation

California Agencies

No abstract provided.


Franchise Tax Board Of California V. Hyatt: A Split Court, Full Faith And Credit, And Federal Common Law, Jonathan M. Gutoff 2017 Roger Williams University School of Law

Franchise Tax Board Of California V. Hyatt: A Split Court, Full Faith And Credit, And Federal Common Law, Jonathan M. Gutoff

Roger Williams University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Consumer Response To Increases In The State Cigarette Tax, Patrick Nolan 2017 University of Kentucky

Consumer Response To Increases In The State Cigarette Tax, Patrick Nolan

MPA/MPP Capstone Projects

In this paper I look at consumer responsiveness to the cigarette tax. Cigarette taxes are motivated by wanting to raise money for the state and wanting to deter smoking in the state’s population. Obviously reducing smoking in the population would reduce the externalities caused by smoking. We know the health effects are completely detrimental to the consumer, and detrimental to those around them. In addition to this we know that tobacco is an addictive substance, meaning than is inherently extremely inelastic.

To find on how consumers respond to tax increases I conducted a difference in difference analysis of tax ...


The Political Process Argument For Overruling Quill, Edward A. Zelinsky 2017 Brooklyn Law School

The Political Process Argument For Overruling Quill, Edward A. Zelinsky

Brooklyn Law Review

Should the U.S. Supreme Court overrule Quill Corporation v. North Dakota? A careful assessment of the federal political process suggests that the Supreme Court itself should overturn Quill in the Court’s role as guardian of the states against federal commandeering. A combination of factors underlay this conclusion: the tactical advantage that Quill bestows in the political process upon the internet and mail order industries, the importance of the states in the structure of federalism, the centrality of sales taxes to the financing of state government, the severe impediment which Quill and its physical presence test impose upon the ...


Directv, Inc. V. Imburgia And The Continued Ascendance Of Federal Common Law: Class-Action Waivers And Mandatory Arbitration Under The Federal Arbitration Act, Michael Yelnosky 2017 Roger Williams University School of Law

Directv, Inc. V. Imburgia And The Continued Ascendance Of Federal Common Law: Class-Action Waivers And Mandatory Arbitration Under The Federal Arbitration Act, Michael Yelnosky

Law Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Franchise Tax Board Of California V. Hyatt: A Split Court, Full Faith And Credit, And Federal Common Law, Jonathan M. Gutoff 2017 Roger Williams University School of Law

Franchise Tax Board Of California V. Hyatt: A Split Court, Full Faith And Credit, And Federal Common Law, Jonathan M. Gutoff

Law Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


In States We "Trust": Self-Settled Trusts, Public Policy, And Interstate Federalism, Brendan Duffy 2016 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

In States We "Trust": Self-Settled Trusts, Public Policy, And Interstate Federalism, Brendan Duffy

Northwestern University Law Review

Over the last twenty years, domestic asset protection trusts have risen in popularity as a means of estate planning and asset protection. A domestic asset protection trust is an irrevocable trust formed under state law which enables an independent trustee to allocate money to a class of

persons, which includes the settlor.

Since Alaska first enacted domestic asset protection legislation in 1997, fifteen states have followed its lead. The case law over the last twenty years addressing these trust mechanisms has, however, been surprisingly sparse. A Washington bankruptcy court decision, In re Huber, altered this drought, but caused more confusion ...


Giving Credit Where Credit Is Due: Reducing Inequality With A Progressive State Tax Credit, Eric Kades 2016 William & Mary Law School

Giving Credit Where Credit Is Due: Reducing Inequality With A Progressive State Tax Credit, Eric Kades

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Tax Implications Of Recreational Marijuana, Sofia LeVernois 2016 Western Oregon University

Tax Implications Of Recreational Marijuana, Sofia Levernois

Honors Senior Theses/Projects

The recent legalization of recreational marijuana in eight states has raised the question on what will occur when tax season arrives. The federal government has figured out ways for distributors of medical marijuana to legally claim the income on their taxes, but what about in states that have legalized recreational marijuana? This thesis project will be focusing on what is being done to prevent distributors in states that have legalized the drug for recreational use from being arrested for selling marijuana. States have put laws into place to hopefully protect their distributors, but even if a state has created protection ...


Brief Of Interested Law Professors As Amici Curiae Supporting Petitioner In Brohl V. Direct Marketing Association, Richard Pomp, Joseph Bankman, Jordan Barry, David Gamage, Andrew J. Haile, Hayes R. Holderness Jr., Darien Shanske, Kirk J. Stark, John A. Swaine, Dennis J. Ventry Jr., Edward A. Zelinsky 2016 University of Connecticut School of Law

Brief Of Interested Law Professors As Amici Curiae Supporting Petitioner In Brohl V. Direct Marketing Association, Richard Pomp, Joseph Bankman, Jordan Barry, David Gamage, Andrew J. Haile, Hayes R. Holderness Jr., Darien Shanske, Kirk J. Stark, John A. Swaine, Dennis J. Ventry Jr., Edward A. Zelinsky

Richard Pomp

Amici curiae are 14 professors of law who have devoted much of their teaching and research to the area of state taxes and the role of state tax policy in our federal system. The amici are concerned with the effect of this Court’s dormant Commerce Clause jurisprudence on the development of fair and efficient state tax systems. No decision of this Court has had more effect on state sales and use tax systems than Quill Corporation v. North Dakota. We believe the Tenth Circuit properly decided the case below. But if the Court decides to grant the Direct Marketing ...


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