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Taxation-State and Local Commons

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Full-Text Articles in Taxation-State and Local

Not Too Salt-Y: The Disparate Federal Income Tax Treatment Of Business And Non-Business State And Local Taxes, Michael S. Knoll Nov 2017

Not Too Salt-Y: The Disparate Federal Income Tax Treatment Of Business And Non-Business State And Local Taxes, Michael S. Knoll

Faculty Scholarship

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, H.R. 1, would eliminate the federal income tax deduction for nonbusiness state and local taxes while maintaining the deduction for business state and local taxes. That disparate treatment has generated a storm of negative commentary. In this short essay, I consider whether the federal tax law should allow a deduction for business state and local taxes assuming that there is no deduction for nonbusiness state and local taxes. I argue that investors and businesses, including pass-through businesses, should be allowed to deduct state and local property and sales taxes, but not general income ...


Taxation And Doing Business In Indian Country, Erik M. Jensen Oct 2017

Taxation And Doing Business In Indian Country, Erik M. Jensen

Maine Law Review

Economic development on the lands of the American Indian nations has been spotty at best. Almost everyone knows the great success stories with Indian gaming, which has been furthered by federal legislation, but those economic benefits have not been felt uniformly. Some tribes have prospered because of this peculiarly favored form of enterprise; others have not and, in many cases, probably cannot. Substantial economic development in Indian country will not occur without significant infusions of outside capital, but investment by non-Indian and nongovernmental sources is risky, or is perceived to be so, which leads to the same practical result. This ...


The Gap Created By E-Commerce: How States Can Preserve Their Sales And Use Tax Revenue In The Digital Age, Jessica Nicole Cory Sep 2017

The Gap Created By E-Commerce: How States Can Preserve Their Sales And Use Tax Revenue In The Digital Age, Jessica Nicole Cory

Oklahoma Journal of Law and Technology

No abstract provided.


Real Property Tax Exemption - Current Trends In The State Of New York, Charles J. Tobin, New York State Catholic Conference Albany, New York Sep 2017

Real Property Tax Exemption - Current Trends In The State Of New York, Charles J. Tobin, New York State Catholic Conference Albany, New York

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Real Property Tax Exemption - Current Trends At The State Level, James A. Serritella, Reuben & Proctor Chicago, Illinois Sep 2017

Real Property Tax Exemption - Current Trends At The State Level, James A. Serritella, Reuben & Proctor Chicago, Illinois

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


The Tax Lives Of Uber Drivers: Evidence From Online Forums, Diane M. Ring, Shu-Yi Oei Jul 2017

The Tax Lives Of Uber Drivers: Evidence From Online Forums, Diane M. Ring, Shu-Yi Oei

Shu-Yi Oei

In this Article, we investigate the tax issues and challenges facing Uber and Lyft drivers by studying their online interactions in three internet discussion forums: Reddit.com, Uberpeople.net, and Intuit TurboTax AnswerXchange. Using descriptive statistics and content analysis, we examine (1) the substantive tax concerns facing forum participants, (2) how taxes affect their driving and profitability decisions, and (3) the degree of user sophistication, accuracy of legal advising, and other cultural features of the forums.

We find that while forum participants displayed generally accurate understandings of tax filing and income inclusion obligations, their approaches to expenses and deductions were ...


A Progressive Federal Tax Credit For State Tax Payments, Eric Kades Jun 2017

A Progressive Federal Tax Credit For State Tax Payments, Eric Kades

Popular Media

No abstract provided.


First Amendment Decisions From The October 2006 Term, Erwin Chemerinsky, Marci A. Hamilton Jun 2017

First Amendment Decisions From The October 2006 Term, Erwin Chemerinsky, Marci A. Hamilton

Erwin Chemerinsky

No abstract provided.


Front Matter (Letter From The Editor, Masthead, Etc.) May 2017

Front Matter (Letter From The Editor, Masthead, Etc.)

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Proposition 64 Legalizes Marijuana In California But The War On Drugs Continues, Jessica Wong May 2017

Proposition 64 Legalizes Marijuana In California But The War On Drugs Continues, Jessica Wong

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


The Contemporary Tax Journal Volume 6, No. 2 – Spring 2017 May 2017

The Contemporary Tax Journal Volume 6, No. 2 – Spring 2017

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Taxing Marijuana: Earmarking Tax Revenue From Legalized Marijuana, Armikka R. Bryant May 2017

Taxing Marijuana: Earmarking Tax Revenue From Legalized Marijuana, Armikka R. Bryant

Georgia State University Law Review

This Article provides an overview of the legal, political, and societal landscapes in states that have legalized marijuana and imposed taxes on its sale. The article begins by summarizing the War on Drugs’ origins, its fiscal expenditures, and the social policies that ultimately led to its failure.

Part I briefly details the history of marijuana regulation starting from the early twentieth century up to the Obama administration’s decision to permit recreational marijuana laws to stand in Washington state and Colorado. Part II dives deeper into the social costs of the War on Drugs and outlines the hardships faced by ...


Embracing Airbnb: How Cities Can Champion Private Property Rights Without Compromising The Health And Welfare Of The Community, Emily M. Speier Apr 2017

Embracing Airbnb: How Cities Can Champion Private Property Rights Without Compromising The Health And Welfare Of The Community, Emily M. Speier

Pepperdine Law Review

Peer-to-peer services offer participants considerable advantages whether they are a provider of such services or a user of them. The Airbnb phenomenon is an example of how technological advancement has transformed the rental industry and has signaled a societal acceptance of a sharing economy. However, the question now is to what extent cities should regulate this influx of short-term rentals while still preserving the property rights of homeowners. Much of the answer to this question depends on each city’s individual interpretation of specific areas of the law. Some legal issues raised by regulation and explored by this article include ...


The Gordian Knot: How The United States, The European Union, And Organization For Economic Cooperation And Development Took Action Against Corporate Tax Avoidance, Katlyn Twomey Apr 2017

The Gordian Knot: How The United States, The European Union, And Organization For Economic Cooperation And Development Took Action Against Corporate Tax Avoidance, Katlyn Twomey

Honors Projects in History and Social Sciences

In 2016, the United States had the highest corporate tax rate in the world. Perhaps, the high tax rate could be why American corporations are holding an estimated $2.5 trillion abroad (Cox 2016). According to a study by the Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. firms pay a measly 3% in tax to foreign governments on those profits, rather than the 35% U.S. corporate tax rate. How are these corporations able to legally avoid paying taxes on a large percentage of their profits? Many use various loopholes in the laws to shift profits into other countries or U ...


Current Tax Problems And Implications: Experience In Indiana And Virginia, William J. O'Connor Mar 2017

Current Tax Problems And Implications: Experience In Indiana And Virginia, William J. O'Connor

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Can Sharing Be Taxed?, Diane M. Ring, Shu-Yi Oei Mar 2017

Can Sharing Be Taxed?, Diane M. Ring, Shu-Yi Oei

Diane M. Ring

In the past few years, we have seen the rise of a new model of production and consumption of goods and services, often referred to as the “sharing economy.” Fueled by startups such as Uber and Airbnb, sharing enables individuals to obtain rides, accommodations, and other goods and services from peers via personal computer or mobile application in exchange for payment. The rise of sharing has raised questions about how it should be regulated, including whether existing laws and regulations can and should be enforced in this new sector or whether new ones are needed.

In this Article, we explore ...


The Tax Lives Of Uber Drivers: Evidence From Online Forums, Diane M. Ring, Shu-Yi Oei Mar 2017

The Tax Lives Of Uber Drivers: Evidence From Online Forums, Diane M. Ring, Shu-Yi Oei

Diane M. Ring

In this Article, we investigate the tax issues and challenges facing Uber and Lyft drivers by studying their online interactions in three internet discussion forums: Reddit.com, Uberpeople.net, and Intuit TurboTax AnswerXchange. Using descriptive statistics and content analysis, we examine (1) the substantive tax concerns facing forum participants, (2) how taxes affect their driving and profitability decisions, and (3) the degree of user sophistication, accuracy of legal advising, and other cultural features of the forums.

We find that while forum participants displayed generally accurate understandings of tax filing and income inclusion obligations, their approaches to expenses and deductions were ...


Inconsistency With The Internal Consistency Test, Mackenzie Catherine Schott Mar 2017

Inconsistency With The Internal Consistency Test, Mackenzie Catherine Schott

Louisiana Law Review

The article examines the constitutionality of a Maryland tax law focusing on the U.S. Supreme Court case Comptroller of the Treasury of Maryland v. Wynne, and mentions history of state taxation under the dormant Commerce Clause; and use of internal consistency test by the Supreme Courts in Wynne.


The Not So “Fair” Marketplace Fairness Act And The Due Process And Commerce Clause Concerns It Raises, Michelle Chionchio Feb 2017

The Not So “Fair” Marketplace Fairness Act And The Due Process And Commerce Clause Concerns It Raises, Michelle Chionchio

William & Mary Business Law Review

States have reacted to the rise of Internet commerce as any governmental body would, with a “hungry eye” for increased tax revenue. Despite the Supreme Court’s holding in Quill, and constitutional limitations on state tax jurisdiction, states have developed their own nexus statutes that run afoul of the Court’s bright-line physical presence rule. What is more, “brick and mortar” establishments interested in “leveling the playing field” with their high-tech competition wholeheartedly support the states in their endeavor. In proposing the Marketplace Fairness Act (MFA), a bill intended to restore state sovereignty regarding sales and use tax laws, Congress ...


Finding The Pearl In The Oyster: Supercharging Ipos Through Tax Receivable Agreements, Christopher B. Grady Feb 2017

Finding The Pearl In The Oyster: Supercharging Ipos Through Tax Receivable Agreements, Christopher B. Grady

Northwestern University Law Review

A new, “supercharged” form of IPO has slowly developed over the last twenty years. This new form of IPO takes advantage of several seemingly unrelated provisions of the tax code to multiply pre-IPO owners’ proceeds from a public offering without reducing the amount public investors are willing to pay for the stock. Supercharged IPOs use a tax receivable agreement to transfer tax assets created by the IPO back to the pre-IPO ownership, “monetizing” the tax assets. As these structures have become more efficient, commentators have expressed concerns that these agreements deceive shareholders who either ignore or do not understand the ...


Tax Cannibalization And Fiscal Federalism In The United States, David Gamage, Darien Shanske Feb 2017

Tax Cannibalization And Fiscal Federalism In The United States, David Gamage, Darien Shanske

Northwestern University Law Review

We began this project pondering a riddle. Most state governments have adopted what we—and many others—view as clearly suboptimal tax policies, especially in regard to the taxation of corporate income and capital gains. Yet, with the notable exception of those who oppose progressivity and the taxation of capital, state-level tax policymakers have had remarkably little appetite for reform. This Article provides one major explanation for this riddle by identifying and demonstrating a phenomenon that we label as “tax cannibalization.” We argue that flawed state-level tax policies derive in part from perverse incentives inadvertently created by the federal government.


The Economic Foundation Of The Dormant Commerce Clause, Michael S. Knoll, Ruth Mason Jan 2017

The Economic Foundation Of The Dormant Commerce Clause, Michael S. Knoll, Ruth Mason

Faculty Scholarship

Last Term, a sharply divided Supreme Court decided a landmark dormant Commerce Clause case, Comptroller of the Treasury of Maryland v. Wynne. Wynne represents the Court’s first clear acknowledgement of the economic underpinnings of one of its main doctrinal tools for resolving tax discrimination cases, the internal consistency test. In deciding Wynne, the Court relied on economic analysis we provided. This Essay explains that analysis, why the majority accepted it, why the dissenters’ objections to the majority’s reasoning miss their mark, and what Wynne means for state taxation. Essential to our analysis and the Court’s decision in ...


Taxation, Cindy M. Ohlenfrost, Sam Megally, William J. Ledoux Jan 2017

Taxation, Cindy M. Ohlenfrost, Sam Megally, William J. Ledoux

SMU Annual Texas Survey

No abstract provided.


A State-Level Carbon Tax With Border Adjustments, David Gamage, Darien Shanske Jan 2017

A State-Level Carbon Tax With Border Adjustments, David Gamage, Darien Shanske

Articles by Maurer Faculty

This essay develops three new doctrinal arguments in support of the conclusion that a state-level carbon tax with border adjustments should be permissible under the dormant commerce clause. This essay builds on our prior work to argue against the view that a single state cannot (practically) impose a significant carbon tax due to the claim that border tax adjustments are Constitutionally impermissible. By demonstrating how a state government could implement a carbon tax with border tax adjustments in a Constitutionally permissible fashion, this essay shows that levying a carbon tax is a realistic and practical option for U.S. state ...


Why A State-Level Carbon Tax Can Include Border Adjustments, David Gamage, Darien Shanske Jan 2017

Why A State-Level Carbon Tax Can Include Border Adjustments, David Gamage, Darien Shanske

Articles by Maurer Faculty

This is our third in a series of articles considering taxation and greenhouse gas mitigation. To date, all state-level attempts to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions by placing a price on carbon have involved cap-and-trade regimes. In our previous two articles, we considered how importing tax features into a cap and- trade regime could ease distributive concerns and also make cap-and-trade regimes more efficient.


Tax Cannibalization And Fiscal Federalism In The United States, David Gamage, Darien Shanske Jan 2017

Tax Cannibalization And Fiscal Federalism In The United States, David Gamage, Darien Shanske

Articles by Maurer Faculty

We began this project pondering a riddle. Most state governments have adopted what we-and many others-view as clearly suboptimal tax policies, especially in regard to the taxation of corporate income and capital gains. Yet, with the notable exception of those who oppose progressivity and the taxation of capital, state-level tax policymakers have had remarkably little appetite for reform.

This Article provides one major explanation for this riddle by identifying and demonstrating a phenomenon that we label as "tax cannibalization." We argue that flawed state-level tax policies derive in part from perverse incentives inadvertently created by the federal government.


The American Health Care Act Would Toss The States A Hot Potato, David Gamage, Darien Shanske Jan 2017

The American Health Care Act Would Toss The States A Hot Potato, David Gamage, Darien Shanske

Articles by Maurer Faculty

This essay explains how the American Health Care Act (AHCA) – the House Republicans’ proposed replacement for Obamacare – would toss a hot potato to state governments. Were the AHCA to be enacted into law, state governments would need to act promptly if they are to save individual insurance markets within their states. This essay explains measures that state governments might take to respond to this threat.


A New Theory Of Equitable Apportionment, David Gamage, Darien Shanske Jan 2017

A New Theory Of Equitable Apportionment, David Gamage, Darien Shanske

Articles by Maurer Faculty

This essay analyzes the purpose of the equitable apportionment doctrine in state and local tax jurisprudence, arguing that the doctrine remains coherent in the context of single-sales-factor apportionment regimes.


The Case For Consumer-Based Use Tax Enforcement, David Gamage, Adam Thimmesch, Darien Shanske Jan 2017

The Case For Consumer-Based Use Tax Enforcement, David Gamage, Adam Thimmesch, Darien Shanske

Articles by Maurer Faculty

This essay argues that state governments’ current focus on getting vendors to collect their sales and use taxes is insufficient, especially in regard to e-commerce transactions. If state governments want their use taxes to serve as effective and lawful backstops to their sales taxes—as state governments claim is their goal—then states must also focus on the consumer side of the use-tax equation. This essay explains that both economic and rule of law considerations make it imperative for state governments to better enforce their sales and use taxes with respect to consumer taxpayers.


Chapter 701: Protecting Low-Income Families Burdened By Property Taxes, Jessica Wellington Jan 2017

Chapter 701: Protecting Low-Income Families Burdened By Property Taxes, Jessica Wellington

The University of the Pacific Law Review

No abstract provided.