Basic Federal And State Tax Relevant To Estate Planning, 2015 Georgia State University College of Law
Basic Federal And State Tax Relevant To Estate Planning, Samuel Donaldson, Karen Boxx
Samuel A. Donaldson
No abstract provided.
Of More Than Usual Interest: The Taxing Problem Of Debt Principal, 2015 Seattle University School of Law
Of More Than Usual Interest: The Taxing Problem Of Debt Principal, Charlene D. Luke
Seattle University Law Review
Leverage is an essential but often troubling component of the U.S. market. The financial crisis highlighted the risks and complexity of a leverage web that includes flesh-and-blood people from all walks of life and paper people from all corners of the business and investment world. In the tax area, the potentially problematic incentive effects of interest deductibility have long engaged a wide array of tax commentators and policymakers. While interest deductibility rightly receives widespread scrutiny, a more comprehensive approach to leverage is needed. This Article focuses on the surprisingly complicated tax treatment of cash (and cash equivalent) borrowings. This ...
The Three Worlds Of Multilevel Democracy: Local Linkages, Civil Society And The Development Of The Modern State, 2015 Singapore Management University
The Three Worlds Of Multilevel Democracy: Local Linkages, Civil Society And The Development Of The Modern State, Jefferey Sellers, Anders Lidstrom, Yooil Bae
Research Collection School of Social Sciences
The Three Worlds of MultilevelDemocracydevelops and applies a novel theory of democratic governance. This theory incorporates micro-level patternsof governance and civic organization at the local scale into a comparative macro-analysisof national democratic institutions. Institutionsand politics at the micro-level of cities and communities provide the basis fora new perspective on national state-society relations. We demonstrate how these local patterns havedeveloped through historical processes that were often distinct from those thatgave rise to national democratic institutions, and analyze how they have shapeddemocratic institutions at the national level. These local patterns continue to account for significant cross-nationalcontrasts in the quality of democracy and ...
Recent Developments In Virginia Taxation, 2015 College of William & Mary Law School
Recent Developments In Virginia Taxation, Craig D. Bell, William L.S Rowe
William & Mary Annual Tax Conference
No abstract provided.
Becker V. Becker, 131 Nev. Adv. Op. 85 (Oct. 29, 2015), 2015 Nevada Law Journal
Becker V. Becker, 131 Nev. Adv. Op. 85 (Oct. 29, 2015), Paul George
Nevada Supreme Court Summaries
In response to a certified question by the United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Nevada, the Court concluded that under NRS 21.090(1)(bb) a debtor can exempt his stock in the corporations described in NRS 78.746(2), but his economic interest in that stock is still subject to the charging order remedy in NRS 78.746(1).
Without Representation, No Taxation: Free Blacks, Taxes, And Tax Exemptions Between The Revolutionary And Civil Wars, 2015 University of Michigan Law School
Without Representation, No Taxation: Free Blacks, Taxes, And Tax Exemptions Between The Revolutionary And Civil Wars, Christopher J. Bryant
Michigan Journal of Race and Law
This Essay is the first general survey of the taxation of free Blacks in free and slave states between the Revolutionary and Civil Wars. A few states treated all equally for tax purposes, but most states enacted taxation systems that subjected free Blacks to different requirements. Both free and slave states viewed free Blacks as an undesirable population, and this Essay posits that—within the relevant political constraints—states used taxes and tax exemptions to dissuade free Black immigration and limit the opportunities for free Blacks within their borders. This topic is salient for at least two reasons. First, the ...
Sales Tax And Cloud Computing In India, 2015 O.P. Jindal Global University
Sales Tax And Cloud Computing In India, Khagesh Gautam
This Article, the first of its kind, addresses the question of imposition of sales tax on Cloud computing transactions in India. Several industry estimates show that the Cloud computing market is growing in India and is poised to grow further. However, the question of how to tax these transactions remains to be addressed. This Article engages with this question, albeit only in the context of sales tax. The Indian Constitution lays down, in elaborate detail, the taxes that can exclusively be levied by the Union Parliament and those that can exclusively be levied by the State Legislatures. Sales tax on ...
People V. Chambers, 2015 Supreme Court of California
People V. Chambers, Jesse W. Carter
Jesse Carter Opinions
Property that belonged to state should not have been sold for taxes, and thus county was responsible for reimbursing former owners for tax deed; statute of limitations did not apply to property owned by the state and devoted to a public use.
Unintended Consequences Of Cigarette Prohibition, Regulation, And Taxation, 2015 Pepperdine University
Unintended Consequences Of Cigarette Prohibition, Regulation, And Taxation, Jonathan D. Kulick, James E. Prieger, Mark A. R. Kleiman
School of Public Policy Working Papers
Abstract Laws that prohibit, regulate, or tax cigarettes can generate illicit markets for tobacco products. Illicit markets both reduce the efficacy of policies intended to improve public health and create harms of their own. Enforcement can reduce evasion but creates additional harms, including incarceration and violence. There is strong evidence that more enforcement in illicit drug markets can spur violence. The presence of licit substitutes, such as electronic cigarettes, has the potential to greatly reduce the size of illicit markets. We present a model demonstrating why enforcement can increase violence, show that states with higher tobacco taxes have larger illicit ...
The Contemporary Tax Journal Volume 5, No. 1 – Spring/Summer 2015, 2015 San Jose State University
The Contemporary Tax Journal Volume 5, No. 1 – Spring/Summer 2015
The Contemporary Tax Journal
No abstract provided.
Deciphering The Supreme Court's Opinion In Wynne, 2015 UGA School of Law
Deciphering The Supreme Court's Opinion In Wynne, Walter Hellerstein
In Wynne, the Supreme Court held that Maryland's personal income tax regime violated the dormant Commerce Clause because It taxed income on a residence and source basis without giving a credit to residents for in· come taxed on a source basis by other states. The Court suggested, how· ever, that a state may tax residents on all their Income without providing a credit for taxes paid by other states if the state did not tax nonresidents on income from sources within the state, even though such a taxing regime might result in double taxation of interstate commerce.
Gore Enterprise Holdings, Inc. V. Comptroller Of The Treasury: A Missed Opportunity To Remedy Maryland’S Disconnected Taxation Policy And Inimical Corporate Atmosphere, 2015 University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Gore Enterprise Holdings, Inc. V. Comptroller Of The Treasury: A Missed Opportunity To Remedy Maryland’S Disconnected Taxation Policy And Inimical Corporate Atmosphere, Skylar Ludwick
Maryland Law Review
No abstract provided.
An Introduction To Conservation Easements In The United States: A Simple Concept And A Complicated Mosaic Of Law, 2015 S.J. Quinney College of Law, University of Utah
An Introduction To Conservation Easements In The United States: A Simple Concept And A Complicated Mosaic Of Law, Nancy Mclaughlin, Federico Cheever
Utah Law Faculty Scholarship
The idea of a conservation easement – restrictions on the development and use of land designed to protect the land’s conservation or historic values – can be relatively easily understood. More significant and more challenging is the complex body of state and federal laws that shapes the creation, funding, tax treatment, enforcement, modification, and termination of conservation easements.
The explosion in the number of conservation easements over the past four decades has made them one of the most popular land protection mechanisms in the United States. The National Conservation Easement Database estimates that the total number of acres encumbered by conservation ...
Proposed Congressional Limitations On State Taxation Of Multinational Corporations, 2015 University of Georgia School of Law
Proposed Congressional Limitations On State Taxation Of Multinational Corporations, Kristen Gustafson
Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law
No abstract provided.
Incorporating Ny Land Banks Into The Delinquent Property Tax Enforcement Processes, 2015 Pace University School of Law
Incorporating Ny Land Banks Into The Delinquent Property Tax Enforcement Processes, J. Justin Woods
Pace Law School Student Publications
This article argues that New York municipalities should integrate land banks into the tax enforcement process to break the unhealthy cycle perpetuated by real estate and lien speculators. By transferring all tax liens and foreclosed properties to local land banks, municipalities can generate an important funding source that will help cover land banks' operations while simultaneously maximizing land banks' ability to reinvest lien proceeds and equity into redeveloping or demolishing properties with little or no value. If New York municipalities use their Land Bank Act powers fully, local and regional land bank efforts can become a vital tools for planning ...
Will Retroactive Proposition 30 Ever Be Challenged?, 2015 Chapman University Fowler School of Law
Will Retroactive Proposition 30 Ever Be Challenged?, Frank J. Doti
Frank J. Doti
Professor Doti's article challenges the constitutionality of California Proposition 30. California voters passed Proposition 30 in 2012 to increase for seven years the income tax rates for those making more than $250,000. The highest tax bracket for individuals with more than $500,000 in taxable income was increased from 9.3% to 12.3%. Proposition 30 was approved by voters on November 6, 2012, but the increased rates were made retroactive—without effective notice—to January 1, 2012.
Retroactive tax laws eviscerate respect for the law and may result in a deprivation of due process of law under ...
Paying For Altruism: The Case Of Organ Donation Revisited, 2015 Okan University
Paying For Altruism: The Case Of Organ Donation Revisited, Firat Bilgel, Brian D. Galle
Brian D. Galle
Although many commentators have called for increased efforts to incentivize organ donations, theorists and some evidence suggest these efforts will be ineffective or even could perversely crowd out altruistic efforts. Prior papers examining the impact of tax incentives for donations generally report zero or negative coefficients. We argue these studies incorrectly define their tax variables, and rely on difference-in-differences methods despite likely failures of the requisite parallel trends assumption. We therefore aim to identify the causal effect of tax incentive legislation to serve as an organ donor on living related and unrelated kidney donation rates in the U.S states ...
Wynne: It's Not About Double Taxation, 2015 University of Pennsylvania Law School
Wynne: It's Not About Double Taxation, Michael S. Knoll, Ruth Mason
This Article discusses Wynne v. Comptroller, a dormant Commerce Clause case against Maryland pending before the Supreme Court. We use economic analysis to rebut Maryland’s claim that its tax regime does not discriminate against interstate commerce. We also argue that the parties’ framing of the central issue in the case as whether the Constitution requires states to relieve double taxation draws focus away from the discrimination question, and therefore could undermine the Wynnes’ case and lead to unjustified narrowing of the dormant Commerce Clause. We also show how our approach to tax discrimination resolves many of the issues that ...
Definitions, Religion, And Free Exercise Guarantees, 2015 Capital University Law School
Definitions, Religion, And Free Exercise Guarantees, Mark Strasser
The First Amendment to the United States Constitution protects the free exercise of religion. Non-religious practices do not receive those same protections, which makes the ability to distinguish between religious and non-religious practices important. Regrettably, members of the Court have been unable to agree about how to distinguish the religious from the non-religious—sometimes, the implicit criteria focus on the sincerity of the beliefs, sometimes the strength of the beliefs or the role that they play in an individual’s life, and sometimes the kind of beliefs. In short, the Court has virtually guaranteed an incoherent jurisprudence by sending contradictory ...
A Taxing Endeavor: Local Government Protection Of Our Nation's Coasts In The "Wake" Of Climate Change, 2015 Florida State University, College of Law
A Taxing Endeavor: Local Government Protection Of Our Nation's Coasts In The "Wake" Of Climate Change, Simone Savino
A storm is brewing, and not just in our nation’s coastal waters. The effects of climate change are becoming alarmingly apparent: sea levels are rising, storm surges are intensifying and ocean temperatures are warming at increasing speeds. Higher storm surges have led to increased flooding in coastal zones and nearby low-lying regions. The need for greater disaster preparedness in areas vulnerable to storm surges is evident, not just in the United States, but worldwide. As a direct result, coastal towns and cities have been left with the daunting task, and cost, of implementing littoral adaptation measures such as beach ...