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From " Food Miles" To "Moneyball": How We Should Be Thinking About Food And Climate, Bret C. Birdsong 2017 University of Maine School of Law

From " Food Miles" To "Moneyball": How We Should Be Thinking About Food And Climate, Bret C. Birdsong

Maine Law Review

Since Michael Pollan polarized the push to eat local food in his bestseller, The Omnivore’s Dilemma, the concept of “food miles” has been something of a rallying cry and an organizing principle in the marketing of the local food movement. Among locavores and their sympathizers, the term seems to encapsulate all that is wrong with the food system. Fresh grapes from Chile make their way to supermarkets from Maine to Minnesota, and even California. Major food conglomerates process commodity ingredients like corn, soy, and wheat into packaged food that travels across the country and across oceans before landing on ...


Legal Institutions Of Farmland Succession: Implications For Sustainable Food Systems, Jamie Baxter 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Legal Institutions Of Farmland Succession: Implications For Sustainable Food Systems, Jamie Baxter

Maine Law Review

The legal institutions relevant to farmland succession—defined as the transfer of property in and control over farmland—are increasingly important determinants of sustainable environmental outcomes on modern farms. The history of farmland succession has been written, by and large, through extra-legal processes of transfer and inheritance between generations of close family relations. This familiar “family farm” model, however, is rapidly being replaced by succession arrangements between non-relatives, often strangers, with entrant farmers from non-agricultural backgrounds. As a growing number of current farmers retire and seek creative ways to transfer control and ownership of their farms, the availability and content ...


Colloquium: Local Food || Global Food: Do We Have What It Takes To Reinvent The U.S. Food System?, Agnieszka A. Pinette Editor-in-Chief 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Colloquium: Local Food || Global Food: Do We Have What It Takes To Reinvent The U.S. Food System?, Agnieszka A. Pinette Editor-In-Chief

Maine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Microbeads And The Toxics Use Reduction Act: Preventing Pollution At Its Source, Davis Truslow 2017 Boston College Law School

Microbeads And The Toxics Use Reduction Act: Preventing Pollution At Its Source, Davis Truslow

Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review

Microbead pollution presents a significant threat to human health and the environment. As a result, Congress enacted a national ban on microbeads in 2015. This ban is a drastic, reactionary measure that fails to address the continued threat posed by already existing pollution. In addition, the ban represents a continued preference for the command-and-control regulatory framework that failed to prevent microbead pollution in the first place. In contrast, pollution prevention, an alternative regulatory technique adopted by Congress as national policy in 1990, more efficiently prevents pollution by focusing on reducing pollution at its source. In 1989, Massachusetts became the first ...


Mercury’S Toxic Process: How Bad Science And Bad Decisions Caused A Public Health Crisis, Cameryn Mercurio 2017 Boston College Law School

Mercury’S Toxic Process: How Bad Science And Bad Decisions Caused A Public Health Crisis, Cameryn Mercurio

Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review

Since 1998, ethylmercury, a vaccine preservative, has often been confused with methylmercury, a dangerous neurotoxin, by the government and public. This confusion has led to a decrease in vaccination rates and an increase in the spread of preventable disease. Despite significant efforts to educate the public on the inaccuracy of studies linking ethylmercury to autism, the public health agencies have been unsuccessful in demonstrating to the public that the substance is safe. This Note analyzes the actions taken by the public health agencies responding to public concerns about ethylmercury’s use in vaccines and recommends that the agencies undertake a ...


The Recent Enactment Of National Mandatory Gmo Labeling Law: Superior To A Voluntary Labeling Scheme But Unlikely To End The Labeling Controversy, Nan Feng 2017 Seattle University School of Law

The Recent Enactment Of National Mandatory Gmo Labeling Law: Superior To A Voluntary Labeling Scheme But Unlikely To End The Labeling Controversy, Nan Feng

Seattle University Law Review

Part I of this Note provides background information about the major controversies related to GM foods, including the debate about whether such foods should be labeled, and the history of GMO labeling laws in the United States. Part II compares S. 764 with H.R. 1599 and explains why a national mandatory labeling approach is superior to the voluntary labeling approach advocated by the House. Part III discusses the potential drawbacks and effect of S. 764 and finally concludes that the rulemaking process that will follow may create controversies and litigation.


An Examination Of Trans Fat Labeling: Splitting The Third & Ninth Circuit, Jack Gainey 2017 Washington and Lee University School of Law

An Examination Of Trans Fat Labeling: Splitting The Third & Ninth Circuit, Jack Gainey

Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice

At first glance, consumer claims alleging misleading labeling would seem to find a simple resolution. Under 21 U.S.C. § 343, which governs misbranded food, a food product is misbranded if “its labeling is false or misleading.” However, controversial interpretation of seemingly straightforward statutory language, together with evolving case law, have blurred a once clear picture. Disagreement over the federal preemption of consumer claims regarding trans fat, underscored by a dispute regarding standing, have combined to create a divergence of opinions between courts across the country.

In 2011, the United States District Court for the Northern District of California considered ...


The Tobacco Diaries: Lessons Learned And Applied To Regulation Of Dietary Supplements, Joanna K. Sax 2017 Selected Works

The Tobacco Diaries: Lessons Learned And Applied To Regulation Of Dietary Supplements, Joanna K. Sax

Joanna K Sax

No abstract provided.


State And Federal Powers Clash Over Medical Marijuana In United States V. Mcintosh, Cara E. Alsterberg 2017 Golden Gate University School of Law

State And Federal Powers Clash Over Medical Marijuana In United States V. Mcintosh, Cara E. Alsterberg

Golden Gate University Law Review

The unanimous opinion in United States v. McIntosh held that a spending rider approved by Congress in 2014 and 2015 prohibits the United States Department of Justice (the Department) from prosecuting marijuana suppliers who fully comply with state laws allowing the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes. The Department argued that the rider only prohibits litigation against the states themselves, rather than prosecution of individuals who provide marijuana for medicinal purposes, because the language of the rider indicates that the Department may not use appropriated money to prevent states from implementing their medical marijuana laws.

The three-judge panel of the ...


The Cost Of High Prices: Embedding An Ethic Of Expense Into The Standard Of Care, Isaac D. Buck 2017 University of Tennessee College of Law

The Cost Of High Prices: Embedding An Ethic Of Expense Into The Standard Of Care, Isaac D. Buck

Boston College Law Review

In the midst of rapid and radical change of America’s health care system, the country’s crown jewel public health insurance program, Medicare, faces an intensifying cost crisis due to a past of uncontrolled prices and a future of booming enrollment. A cost challenge garnering particular media attention is pharmaceutical drug pricing for Medicare Part B. Historically, congressional action has hamstrung Medicare’s ability to limit costs, and as a result, the program is increasingly forced to pass on drug costs—through copays and coinsurance—to its elderly beneficiaries. Public outrage has followed recent stories of pharmaceutical companies seeking ...


The Impact Of Marijuana Legalization On Youth & The Need For State Legislation On Marijuana-Specific Instruction In K–12 Schools, Amanda Harmon Cooley 2017 Pepperdine University

The Impact Of Marijuana Legalization On Youth & The Need For State Legislation On Marijuana-Specific Instruction In K–12 Schools, Amanda Harmon Cooley

Pepperdine Law Review

State legalization of marijuana is a divisive and polarizing issue that has resulted in fragmentation between governments and citizens. Contrary to federal law, voters in many states have approved ballot initiatives legalizing the sale of marijuana to adults for their recreational use. This Article argues that any state that legalizes marijuana has a concomitant duty to amend its K–12 public school instructional statutes to provide for substantial marijuana education. No state has yet enacted such legislation even though current alternative educational methods fail to provide sufficient safeguards. Accordingly, this Article proposes new statutory remedies that could bridge the gap ...


Patents, Hidden Novelty, And Food Safety, Jeanette M. Roorda 2017 University of Florida Levin College of Law

Patents, Hidden Novelty, And Food Safety, Jeanette M. Roorda

Florida Law Review

This Note discusses how federal agency policy results in a lack of access to patent-protected genetically modified organisms (GMOs) for independent food safety testing. The U.S. GMO policy is a combination of biotechnology regulations and biotechnology intellectual property protections. Intellectual property protection for the developers of new organisms has increased as the technology has advanced from manual pollination to genetic modification methods. Initially the only protection available was in the form of trade secrets, but the protection has increased incrementally to now include full utility patent protection. This Note evaluates the interactions between U.S. Patent and Trademark Office ...


Conference Of Soviet And American Jurists On The Law Of The Sea And The Protection Of The Marine Environment, Milton Katz, Richard R. Baxter, O. V. Bogdanov, William E. Butler, Thomas M. Franck, Richard Frank, P. P. Gureev, John L. Hargrove, L. A. Ivanaschenko, Y. Kasmin, V. A. Kiselev, B. M. Klimenko, H. G. Knight, O. S. Kolbasov, A. L. Kolodkin, V. M. Koretsky, F. N. Kovalev, V. N. Kudrjavtsev, B. A. Kuvshinnikov, M. I. Lazarev, A. L. Makovsky, Charles W. Maynes, P. A. Moiseev, John N. Moore, A. P. Movchan, T. M. Starzhina, Robert E. Stein, Grigory I. Tunkin, E. T. Usenko, A. F. Vysotsky, A. K. Zhudro 2017 Harvard University

Conference Of Soviet And American Jurists On The Law Of The Sea And The Protection Of The Marine Environment, Milton Katz, Richard R. Baxter, O. V. Bogdanov, William E. Butler, Thomas M. Franck, Richard Frank, P. P. Gureev, John L. Hargrove, L. A. Ivanaschenko, Y. Kasmin, V. A. Kiselev, B. M. Klimenko, H. G. Knight, O. S. Kolbasov, A. L. Kolodkin, V. M. Koretsky, F. N. Kovalev, V. N. Kudrjavtsev, B. A. Kuvshinnikov, M. I. Lazarev, A. L. Makovsky, Charles W. Maynes, P. A. Moiseev, John N. Moore, A. P. Movchan, T. M. Starzhina, Robert E. Stein, Grigory I. Tunkin, E. T. Usenko, A. F. Vysotsky, A. K. Zhudro

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

Included in the papers for the Conference of Soviet and American Jurists on the Law of the Sea and the Protection of the Marine Environment:

Introduction by Milton Katz and Richard R. Baxter, p. 1

Freedom of Scientific Research in the World Ocean by A.F. Vysotsky, p. 7

The International Law of Scientific Research in the Oceans by Richard R. Baxter, p. 27

Responsibility and Liability for Harm to the Marine Environment by Robert E. Stein, p. 41

Liability for Marine Environment Pollution Damage in Contemporary International Sea Law by A. L. Makovsky, p. 59

Protection of the Marine ...


3d-Printed Food, Jasper L. Tran 2017 George Mason University

3d-Printed Food, Jasper L. Tran

Jasper L. Tran

No abstract provided.


Fda-Required Tobacco Product Inserts & Onserts – And The First Amendment, Eric N. Lindblom, Micah L. Berman, James F. Thrasher 2017 Georgetown University Law Center

Fda-Required Tobacco Product Inserts & Onserts – And The First Amendment, Eric N. Lindblom, Micah L. Berman, James F. Thrasher

O'Neill Institute Papers

In 2012, a federal court of appeals struck down an FDA rule requiring graphic health warnings on cigarettes as violating First Amendment commercial speech protections. Tobacco product inserts and onserts can more readily avoid First Amendment constraints while delivering more extensive information to tobacco users, and can work effectively to support and encourage smoking cessation. This paper examines FDA’s authority to require effective inserts and onserts and shows how FDA could design and support them to avoid First Amendment problems. Through this process, the paper offers helpful insights regarding how key Tobacco Control Act provisions can and should be ...


Shooting Stars And Dancing Fish: A Walk To The World We Want, Tony Oposa 2017 School of the SEA, Bantayan, Cebu, Philippines

Shooting Stars And Dancing Fish: A Walk To The World We Want, Tony Oposa

Environmental Law Program Publications @ Haub Law

From the foreword by Durwood Zaelke, President, Institute for Governance & Sustainable Development, Washington, DC.

“Since the beginning of time, human knowledge and culture have been passed down through stories. Short stories, songs, prayers, poems, even paintings can stick in your mind forever. These have always been the most powerful ways we learn and remember.

Tony is not only one of the world’s greatest lawyers, he is also one of the world’s greatest storytellers.

This book, in which he generously shares his experiences, his scars, and most importantly his humanity, is Tony’s gift to generations to come.

But ...


Farming And Eating, Margot J. Pollans 2017 Elisabeth Haub School of Law at Pace University

Farming And Eating, Margot J. Pollans

Pace Law Faculty Publications

This essay argues that the “us versus them” rhetoric that dominates food and agriculture policy today drives a wedge between farmers and food consumers. Together, farmers and food consumers could form a powerful coalition to challenge the true obstacle to sustainable and equitable food production: concentration of market and political power elsewhere along the food chain.


Whose Responsibility Is It To Prep For Safe Sex? Archaic Hiv Criminalization And Modern Medicine, Brigid Bone 2017 Washington University School of Law

Whose Responsibility Is It To Prep For Safe Sex? Archaic Hiv Criminalization And Modern Medicine, Brigid Bone

Washington University Journal of Law & Policy

This Note traces the history of HIV and its impact on the homosexual community, with a focus on criminal statutes that attempted to regulate the actions of individuals with HIV, and how those statutes can be evaluated considering modern advancements against the virus. Bone addresses the state of HIV criminalization bearing in mind medical treatments, such as Highly Effected Antiretroviral Treatment (HAART) and Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP), as well as conviction rates among those who engage in sexual activity while HIV positive. Bone proposes amending current criminalization statutes in a way that would de-stigmatize the conversation that surrounds the virus while ...


Plain Tobacco Packaging’S Impact On International Trade And The Family Smoking Prevention And Tobacco Control Act In The U.S. And Drafting Suggestions, Sunil S. Gu 2017 Washington University School of Law

Plain Tobacco Packaging’S Impact On International Trade And The Family Smoking Prevention And Tobacco Control Act In The U.S. And Drafting Suggestions, Sunil S. Gu

Washington University Global Studies Law Review

Despite its legal status, tobacco products, due to the potential harmful effects on health, have never been free from various governmental regulations. However, it was easier said than done to regulate them as governments wished, and in fact there were numerous failed attempts. Thus, governments tried to come up with a better and more effective regulation that will reduce the tobacco consumption thereby promoting public health, under the name of public health of their citizens. And plain tobacco packaging measures are the latest solution suggested.

The introduction of the plain tobacco measures has stirred huge controversy (understandably so), since it ...


Citizen Petitions: Long, Late-Filed, And At-Last Denied, Michael A. Carrier, Carl Minniti 2017 American University Washington College of Law

Citizen Petitions: Long, Late-Filed, And At-Last Denied, Michael A. Carrier, Carl Minniti

American University Law Review

No abstract provided.


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