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Whose Responsibility Is It To Prep For Safe Sex? Archaic Hiv Criminalization And Modern Medicine, Brigid Bone 2017 Washington University School of Law

Whose Responsibility Is It To Prep For Safe Sex? Archaic Hiv Criminalization And Modern Medicine, Brigid Bone

Washington University Journal of Law & Policy

This Note traces the history of HIV and its impact on the homosexual community, with a focus on criminal statutes that attempted to regulate the actions of individuals with HIV, and how those statutes can be evaluated considering modern advancements against the virus. Bone addresses the state of HIV criminalization bearing in mind medical treatments, such as Highly Effected Antiretroviral Treatment (HAART) and Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP), as well as conviction rates among those who engage in sexual activity while HIV positive. Bone proposes amending current criminalization statutes in a way that would de-stigmatize the conversation that surrounds the virus while ...


Abuse Of The Hatch-Waxman Act: Mylan's Ability To Monopolize Reflects Weaknesses, Kieran Meagher 2017 Brooklyn Law School

Abuse Of The Hatch-Waxman Act: Mylan's Ability To Monopolize Reflects Weaknesses, Kieran Meagher

Brooklyn Journal of Corporate, Financial & Commercial Law

The Drug Price Competition and Patent Term Restoration Act of 1984, better known as the Hatch-Waxman Act, is intended to lower the average price paid by consumers for prescription drugs. The Hatch-Waxman Act attempts to do so by simplifying the application process for generic drug manufacturers, allowing generic drug applications to circumvent the lengthy FDA testing and approval process that brand-name manufacturers must undergo. Though the Hatch-Waxman Act has successfully created a clear path to the market for generic drugs, it contains loopholes that allow brand name and generic companies to engage in practices aimed at maximizing monopoly profits, effectively ...


The Death Of Private Practice: How The Rising Cost Of Healthcare Is Destroying Physician Autonomy, Oliver Owaid 2017 Brooklyn Law School

The Death Of Private Practice: How The Rising Cost Of Healthcare Is Destroying Physician Autonomy, Oliver Owaid

Brooklyn Journal of Corporate, Financial & Commercial Law

Over the past two decades, the number of physicians in private practice has dropped dramatically. This trend is the result of the financial pressure imposed by the federal government in response to the skyrocketing cost of healthcare. Physicians, frustrated by stagnant reimbursement rates in conjunction with increased administrative costs and overhead, are choosing hospital staff employment in favor of private practice. This trend is to the detriment of the physician, the taxpayers, and, most importantly, the patients. Patients treated in hospital outpatient settings have worse outcomes than those treated in private practice. In addition, hospital procedures cost both the government ...


Real Deal Or No Deal? A Comparative Analysis Of Raw Milk Cheese Regulation In Australia And France, William van Caenegem, Madeline Taylor 2017 Bond University

Real Deal Or No Deal? A Comparative Analysis Of Raw Milk Cheese Regulation In Australia And France, William Van Caenegem, Madeline Taylor

Law Faculty Publications

Australia’s regulatory framework has resulted in the standardisation of cheese production based on pasteurisation. Up until early 2015, regulations effectively prohibited raw milk cheese-making in Australia and thus stifled artisanal on-farm production. Although the introduction of Food Standards Australia New Zealand Standard 4.2.4 has allowed the production of certain hard, low-moisture raw milk cheeses, the new standard is rigid and does not encourage new entrants into the emerging raw milk cheese consumer market. This article compares the Australian system with the French raw milk cheese regulation and production system, and argues that its approach in encouraging and ...


12 Angry Men V. The Agency: Why Preemption Should Resolve This Conflict In Drug Labeling Litigation, Michelle L. Richards 2017 Detroid Mercy School of Law

12 Angry Men V. The Agency: Why Preemption Should Resolve This Conflict In Drug Labeling Litigation, Michelle L. Richards

Marquette Law Review

The Supreme Court has found in favor of preemption in tort liability cases involving matters of heavy federal regulation in which Congress has delegated implementation of a statute involving technical subject matter to the agency. It has not been the case, however, in matters concerning the labeling of prescription drugs, despite the fact that the FDA has exclusively regulated drug labeling for more than a century. In fact, the current state of affairs now allows a jury to substitute the judgment of the FDA in approving a label on a name-brand drug for their own in state law failure to ...


Citizen Petitions: Long, Late-Filed, And At-Last Denied, Michael A. Carrier, Carl Minniti 2017 American University Washington College of Law

Citizen Petitions: Long, Late-Filed, And At-Last Denied, Michael A. Carrier, Carl Minniti

American University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Fda-Required Tobacco Product Inserts & Onserts – And The First Amendment, Eric N. Lindblom, Micah L. Berman, James F. Thrasher 2017 Georgetown University Law Center

Fda-Required Tobacco Product Inserts & Onserts – And The First Amendment, Eric N. Lindblom, Micah L. Berman, James F. Thrasher

O'Neill Institute Papers

In 2012, a federal court of appeals struck down an FDA rule requiring graphic health warnings on cigarettes as violating First Amendment commercial speech protections. Tobacco product inserts and onserts can more readily avoid First Amendment constraints while delivering more extensive information to tobacco users, and can work effectively to support and encourage smoking cessation. This paper examines FDA’s authority to require effective inserts and onserts and shows how FDA could design and support them to avoid First Amendment problems. Through this process, the paper offers helpful insights regarding how key Tobacco Control Act provisions can and should be ...


The Gmo/Ge Debate, Joanna K. Sax 2017 California Western School of Law

The Gmo/Ge Debate, Joanna K. Sax

Faculty Scholarship

The scientific community and the public sphere are having different debates about the application of genetic engineering to improve our food supply. Many that are deeply steeped in the science view genetically engineered food as a more precise way to accomplish what we have been doing for centuries, which is genetically modifying our food supply. Some members of the public view genetically engineered food with skepticism especially as it relates to health, safety and the environment. A disconnect between the scientific consensus and public perception is not a new phenomenon. This Article attempts to bridge this gap by explaining what ...


Eating For The Environment: The Potential Of Dietary Guidelines To Achieve Better Human And Environmental Health Outcomes, Margaret Sova McCabe 2017 University of New Hampshire School of Law

Eating For The Environment: The Potential Of Dietary Guidelines To Achieve Better Human And Environmental Health Outcomes, Margaret Sova Mccabe

Legal Scholarship

Agriculture and food production contribute significantly to greenhouse gas emissions and environmental pollution. Shifting human dietary patterns has the potential to reduce such environmental harms while also promoting human health. Government policy, in the form of the United States Dietary Guidelines (USDG), recommends what Americans should eat and could play an important role in shifting the food system to one that is more sustainable. However, the USDG are an overlooked aspect of U.S. food policy. While many countries have moved to synthesize environmental goals with dietary guidance, the United States has taken the opposite approach. In 2015, despite recommendations ...


Shooting Stars And Dancing Fish: A Walk To The World We Want, Tony Oposa 2017 School of the SEA, Bantayan, Cebu, Philippines

Shooting Stars And Dancing Fish: A Walk To The World We Want, Tony Oposa

Environmental Law Program Publications @ Haub Law

From the foreword by Durwood Zaelke, President, Institute for Governance & Sustainable Development, Washington, DC.

“Since the beginning of time, human knowledge and culture have been passed down through stories. Short stories, songs, prayers, poems, even paintings can stick in your mind forever. These have always been the most powerful ways we learn and remember.

Tony is not only one of the world’s greatest lawyers, he is also one of the world’s greatest storytellers.

This book, in which he generously shares his experiences, his scars, and most importantly his humanity, is Tony’s gift to generations to come.

But ...


Farming And Eating, Margot J. Pollans 2017 Elisabeth Haub School of Law at Pace University

Farming And Eating, Margot J. Pollans

Pace Law Faculty Publications

This essay argues that the “us versus them” rhetoric that dominates food and agriculture policy today drives a wedge between farmers and food consumers. Together, farmers and food consumers could form a powerful coalition to challenge the true obstacle to sustainable and equitable food production: concentration of market and political power elsewhere along the food chain.


Pharmaceutical M&A Activity: Effects On Prices, Innovation, And Competition, Barak D. Richman, Will Mitchell, Elena Vidal, Kevin Schulman 2017 Duke Law School

Pharmaceutical M&A Activity: Effects On Prices, Innovation, And Competition, Barak D. Richman, Will Mitchell, Elena Vidal, Kevin Schulman

Faculty Scholarship

The rise of blockbuster pharmaceutical acquisitions has prompted fears that unprecedented market concentration will weaken competition. Two of the most prominent concerns focus on the upstream and downstream ends of the pharmaceutical industry: (1) the concern that these mergers will concentrate the market for discovery and will therefore lead to fewer discoveries; and (2) the concern that merging large marketing, sales, and distribution forces will strengthen the hands of select pharmaceutical manufacturers and weaken downstream competition. Having considered potential dynamic effects in the industry and conducted a series of preliminary interviews with knowledgeable observers, though, this Article argues that neither ...


Assessing The Relative Influence And Efficacy Of Public And Private Food Safety Regulation Regimes: Comparing Codex And Global Gap Standards, Sam Halabi, Ching-Fu Lin 2016 University of Missouri School of Law

Assessing The Relative Influence And Efficacy Of Public And Private Food Safety Regulation Regimes: Comparing Codex And Global Gap Standards, Sam Halabi, Ching-Fu Lin

Sam Halabi

An extensive global system of private food regulation is under construction, one
that exceeds conventional regulation thought of as being driven by public authorities
like FDA and USDA in the U.S. or the Food Standards Agency in the UK. Agrifood
and grocer organizations, in concert with some farming groups, have been the primary
designers of this new food regulatory regime. These groups have established alliances
that compete with national regulators in complex ways. This article analyzes the
relationship between public and private sources of food safety regulation by
examining standards adopted by the Codex Alimentarius Commission, a food safety ...


Mending Invisible Wounds: The Efficacy And Legality Of Mdma-Assisted Psychotherapy In United States' Veterans Suffering With Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Jonathan Perry 2016 Cleveland-Marshall College of Law

Mending Invisible Wounds: The Efficacy And Legality Of Mdma-Assisted Psychotherapy In United States' Veterans Suffering With Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Jonathan Perry

Journal of Law and Health

Though Veteran Affairs has provided crucial life sustaining—and often lifesaving—treatments to returning soldiers, the substantial and ever-increasing rates of veteran suicides, drug addictions, and criminal behavior indicate a need for broader options in treatment. One of the most profound discoveries uncovered through MDMA-assisted psychotherapy research is MDMA’s facilitation of the alleviation of addictive behavior in subjects, and, as a result, an alleviation of addictions in general. Addiction is one of the key symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and drug abuse plays a large role in the other afflictions suffered by veterans, namely criminal activity and a ...


European And Global Food Law, Luis González Vaqué, Luigi Costato, Ferdinando Albisinni, Paolo Borghi 2016 Asociación Iberoamericana para el Dereho Alimentario

European And Global Food Law, Luis González Vaqué, Luigi Costato, Ferdinando Albisinni, Paolo Borghi

Luis González Vaqué

See more at: http://shop.wki.it/Cedam/Libri/European_Food_Law_s84796.aspx


Fsma: The Future Of Food Litigation, Robert Shawn Hogue 2016 University of Miami Law School

Fsma: The Future Of Food Litigation, Robert Shawn Hogue

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

No abstract provided.


Pitfalls Of The Food Safety Modernization Act: Enhanced Regulation, Minimal Consumer Benefit, And Zero Tolerance Levels For Naturally-Occurring Trace Pathogens, Lindsey Lazopoulos Friedman, Wesley Van Camp 2016 University of Miami Law School

Pitfalls Of The Food Safety Modernization Act: Enhanced Regulation, Minimal Consumer Benefit, And Zero Tolerance Levels For Naturally-Occurring Trace Pathogens, Lindsey Lazopoulos Friedman, Wesley Van Camp

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

Congress enacted the Food Safety Modernization Act (“FSMA”), to regulate the fresh produce industry in the United States and increase consumer safety when handling and consuming raw produce. But FSMA risks imposing a zero tolerance policy on raw produce, even where a naturally occurring low-level pathogen, such as listeria, is found in negligible amounts. A zero tolerance policy for all naturally-occurring pathogens does not increase consumer safety, and only serves to increase the cost of raw produce for consumers. This article begins with a summary of the modern history of FSMA, including a brief overview of how the law has ...


The New York Pharmaceutical Cost Transparency Act: How A Narrow View Of The Prescription Drug Pricing Puzzle Renders A Well-Intentioned Bill Irrational, John G. Curran 2016 Brooklyn Law School

The New York Pharmaceutical Cost Transparency Act: How A Narrow View Of The Prescription Drug Pricing Puzzle Renders A Well-Intentioned Bill Irrational, John G. Curran

Brooklyn Law Review

Pricing prescription pharmaceuticals is a complex process that entails the consideration of a multitude of factors, not the least of which is the research and development expenditure exhausted by drug makers to gain FDA approval. While public sentiment has increasingly turned against the pharmaceutical industry due to its perceived greed as manifested in the high cost of its drugs, the intricacies of pricing such unique products is rarely discussed. A recently proposed New York state bill, the Pharmaceutical Cost Transparency Act (the NYPCTA), continues this unfortunate trend, by requiring companies to disclose the R&D costs of newly approved drugs ...


Potholes: Dui Law In The Budding Marijuana Industry, Zack G. Goldberg 2016 Brooklyn Law School

Potholes: Dui Law In The Budding Marijuana Industry, Zack G. Goldberg

Brooklyn Law Review

The rapid legalization of marijuana across the United States has produced a number of novel legal issues. One of the most confounding issues is that presented by the marijuana-impaired driver. In jurisdictions that have legalized the use of marijuana, how high is too high to get behind the wheel? This note assesses the various marijuana DUI laws that states have implemented to combat marijuana-impaired driving. Many of these statutes have followed in the footsteps of the BAC-based standard used to combat drunk driving—using THC measurements to quantify a driver’s level of marijuana-based impairment. Unfortunately, unlike alcohol, the scientific ...


A Trademark Holder's Hangover: Reconciling The Lanham Act With The Alcohol And Tobacco Tax And Trade Bureau's System Of Designating American Viticultural Areas, Julia Lynn Titolo 2016 University of Georgia School of Law

A Trademark Holder's Hangover: Reconciling The Lanham Act With The Alcohol And Tobacco Tax And Trade Bureau's System Of Designating American Viticultural Areas, Julia Lynn Titolo

Journal of Intellectual Property Law

No abstract provided.


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