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13,513 full-text articles. Page 5 of 263.

Harvest The Wind, Harvest Your Dinner: Using Law To Encourage An Offshore Energy-Food Multiple-Use Nexus, Robin Kundis Craig 2018 S.J. Quinney College of Law, University of Utah

Harvest The Wind, Harvest Your Dinner: Using Law To Encourage An Offshore Energy-Food Multiple-Use Nexus, Robin Kundis Craig

Utah Law Faculty Scholarship

Most scholars discuss the food-water-energy-climate nexus as it emerges on land. Less attention has been paid to the food-water-energy-climate nexus as it exists in the ocean, but that nexus exists—and it is beginning to be strained. This Article, a companion piece to the forthcoming “It’s Not Just an Offshore Wind Farm,” explores the international drive to combine offshore wind facilities with marine aquaculture, an emerging example of the water-energy-food nexus in the marine environment. Many nations are becoming increasingly interested in both offshore wind farms and open ocean marine aquaculture, but both enterprises take up considerable space in ...


Green Justice, The Environment And The Courts, Ruth L. Kovnat 2018 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

Green Justice, The Environment And The Courts, Ruth L. Kovnat

Ruth L. Kovnat

No abstract provided.


Air Pollution, Ruth L. Kovnat 2018 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

Air Pollution, Ruth L. Kovnat

Ruth L. Kovnat

No abstract provided.


The Oil & Gas Industry: Failing To Properly Regulate Hydraulic Fracturing & Placing Profits Over Safety, Ellery Gordon 2018 Pepperdine University

The Oil & Gas Industry: Failing To Properly Regulate Hydraulic Fracturing & Placing Profits Over Safety, Ellery Gordon

The Journal of Business, Entrepreneurship & the Law

This Note will evaluate the regulations and environmental implications surrounding hydraulic fracturing, or “fracking,” on state, federal, and Indian lands, focusing on the recent and still undecided case of Wyoming v. United States Dep’t of the Interior. Additionally, it will address the regulatory gap in federal regulations governing hydraulic fracturing, the current issues the industry faces, and advocate for a more stringent set of regulations that ought to be applied on a uniform basis throughout the United States. In the aforementioned case, Wyoming, Colorado, North Dakota, Utah, and the Ute Indian Tribe brought suit against the Bureau of Land ...


Trump’S First Foreign Trip And The Fate Of The Paris Agreement: Reading The Tea Leaves From The G7 And Nato Summits, David Wirth 2018 Boston College Law School

Trump’S First Foreign Trip And The Fate Of The Paris Agreement: Reading The Tea Leaves From The G7 And Nato Summits, David Wirth

David A. Wirth

No abstract provided.


While Trump Pledges Withdrawal From Paris Agreement On Climate, International Law May Provide A Safety Net, David Wirth 2018 Boston College Law School

While Trump Pledges Withdrawal From Paris Agreement On Climate, International Law May Provide A Safety Net, David Wirth

David A. Wirth

No abstract provided.


Shucking A Patent: How A Simple Best Available Technology Law Can Break The Shell Of Patent Protections, Antonio G. Fraone 2018 Boston College Law School

Shucking A Patent: How A Simple Best Available Technology Law Can Break The Shell Of Patent Protections, Antonio G. Fraone

Boston College Law Review

Best available technology laws attempt to force the utilization of the most efficient and environmentally friendly technology that is economically achievable for a regulated actor to implement. Sustainability and numerous environmental benefits come from these laws. Although simple to create, the implementation of a best available technology law is difficult and the sought effects of it are unrealized due to vagueness, reliance on the regulated to change, and lack of specifics to ensure true compliance. Patent law adds to this problem due to the protections available to patent holders that grants them the power to exclude others from utilizing their ...


Weed And Water Law: Regulating Legal Marijuana, Ryan Stoa 2018 Concordia Univeristy School of Law

Weed And Water Law: Regulating Legal Marijuana, Ryan Stoa

Ryan B. Stoa

Marijuana is nearing the end of its prohibition in the United States. Arguably the country’s largest cash crop, marijuana is already legal for recreational use in Colorado, Washington, Oregon, Alaska, and Washington DC. Between now and election day 2016, an additional 14 states may place marijuana legalization initiatives on their ballots. In addition, 23 states and Washington DC have legalized medical marijuana, with up to seven states pending legislation. The era of marijuana prohibition is rapidly coming to a close. At the same time, traditional doctrines of water law are struggling to cope with the modern realities of water ...


Florida Water Management Districts And The Florida Water Resources Act: The Challenges Of Basin-Level Management, Ryan Stoa 2018 Concordia Univeristy School of Law

Florida Water Management Districts And The Florida Water Resources Act: The Challenges Of Basin-Level Management, Ryan Stoa

Ryan B. Stoa

Florida’s plentiful freshwater resources are indispensable to the state’s municipal, agricultural, and environmental interests. As such, decision makers presiding over complex water management decisions wield extraordinary powers. The Water Resources Act of Florida vests these powers in five water management districts drawn according to hydrological, not political, boundaries. The water management districts have robust technical, financial, and regulatory powers, and hold the key to Florida’s sustainable development. With the stakes so high, Florida’s water management districts are at the center of a broad fight for control of water resources. In particular, transboundary water conflicts, political pressure ...


Droughts, Floods, And Wildfires: Paleo Perspectives On Diaster Law In The Anthropocene, Ryan Stoa 2018 Concordia Univeristy School of Law

Droughts, Floods, And Wildfires: Paleo Perspectives On Diaster Law In The Anthropocene, Ryan Stoa

Ryan B. Stoa

Humanity's impact on the earth has become so pronounced that momentum is building toward adopting a new term for the modem geological age-the "Anthropocene." The term signifies that human activity has reached a scale that it is now a planetary force capable of shaping ecosystems and natural processes. And yet, anthropocentric natural resources management and environmental lawmaking in the United States reveal a lack of control in managing natural systems and fostering resilience to extreme events. These systems do not easily conform to the whims of reactionary environmental policies. Droughts, floods, and wildfires, in particular are often conceptualized as ...


Marijuana Agriculture Law: Regulation At The Root Of An Industry, Ryan Stoa 2018 Concordia Univeristy School of Law

Marijuana Agriculture Law: Regulation At The Root Of An Industry, Ryan Stoa

Ryan B. Stoa

Marijuana legalization is sweeping the nation. Recreational marijuana use is legal in eight states. Medical marijuana use is legal in thirteen states. Only three states maintain an absolute criminal prohibition on marijuana use. Many of these legalization initiatives propose to regulate marijuana in a manner similar to alcohol, and many titles are variations of the "Regulate Marijuana Like Alcohol Act." For political and public health reasons the analogy makes sense, but it also reveals a regulatory blind spot. States may be using alcohol as a model for regulating the distribution, retail, and consumption of marijuana, but marijuana is much more ...


Cooperative Federalism In Biscayne National Park, Ryan Stoa 2018 Concordia Univeristy School of Law

Cooperative Federalism In Biscayne National Park, Ryan Stoa

Ryan B. Stoa

Biscayne National Park is the largest marine national park in the United States. It contains four distinct ecosystems, encompasses 173,000 acres (only five percent of which are land), and is located within densely populated Miami-Dade County. The bay has a rich history of natural resource utilization, but aggressive residential and industrial development schemes prompted Congress to create Biscayne National Monument in 1968, followed by the designation of Biscayne National Park in 1980. When the dust settled, Florida retained key management powers over the Park, including joint authority over fishery management. States and the federal government occasionally share responsibility for ...


Water Governance In Haiti: An Assessment Of Laws And Institutional Capacities, Ryan Stoa 2018 Concordia Univeristy School of Law

Water Governance In Haiti: An Assessment Of Laws And Institutional Capacities, Ryan Stoa

Ryan B. Stoa

The Republic of Haiti struggles to sustainably manage its water resources. Public health is compromised by low levels of water supply, sanitation, and hygiene, and water resources are often contaminated and unsustainably allocated. While poor governance is often blamed for these shortcomings, the laws and institutions regulating water resources in Haiti are poorly understood, especially by the international community. This study brings together and analyzes Haitian water laws, assesses institutional capacities, and provides a case study of water management in northern Haiti in order to provide a more complete picture of the sector. Funded by the Inter-American Development Bank as ...


The United Nations Watercourses Convention On The Dawn Of Entry Into Force, Ryan Stoa 2018 Concordia Univeristy School of Law

The United Nations Watercourses Convention On The Dawn Of Entry Into Force, Ryan Stoa

Ryan B. Stoa

The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Non- Navigational Uses of International Watercourses (Watercourses Convention) entered into force in August 2014. Despite overwhelming support when signed in 1997, the ratification process has been slow. As a binding treaty, the Watercourses Convention provides hope that its provisions will articulate legal principles of transboundary water management capable of promoting cooperation and regional agreements. Despite entry into force, however, global support for the Watercourses Convention is weak, concurrent efforts to develop treaty regimes governing water resources create competition for resources and may obscure understandings of international water law, and the foundational ...


Subsidiarity In Principle: Decentralization Of Water Resources Management, Ryan Stoa 2018 Concordia Univeristy School of Law

Subsidiarity In Principle: Decentralization Of Water Resources Management, Ryan Stoa

Ryan B. Stoa

In this article, three countries' experiences with decentralized water resources management are profiled. Comparative analysis provides an illustration of some of the challenges that countries may face when implementing decentralized water laws and policies. In particular, the case studies demonstrate that income levels and financial resources play a significant role in the success of decentralized water resources management. In Haiti, decentralization policies have been largely ineffective, as statutory authorization for water resources management at both national and local levels has not been coupled with the financial or human resources required to effectively manage water resources. A similar story is being ...


Addressing Bias In Administrative Environmental Decisions, Robert R. Kuehn 2018 Pepperdine University

Addressing Bias In Administrative Environmental Decisions, Robert R. Kuehn

Journal of the National Association of Administrative Law Judiciary

No abstract provided.


The Department That Cried Wolf: Tenth Circuit Vacates Preliminary Injunction In Absence Of Likely Injury In New Mexico Department Of Game & Fish V. United States Department Of The Interior, Curtis Cranston 2018 Boston College Law School

The Department That Cried Wolf: Tenth Circuit Vacates Preliminary Injunction In Absence Of Likely Injury In New Mexico Department Of Game & Fish V. United States Department Of The Interior, Curtis Cranston

Boston College Law Review

In the 2017 case, New Mexico Department of Game & Fish v. United States Department of the Interior, the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit held that the New Mexico Department of Game and Fish (“New Mexico Department”) was not entitled to a preliminary injunction that barred the United States Fish and Wildlife Service from releasing endangered Mexican gray wolves into the wild on federal lands within New Mexico. The Tenth Circuit held that the New Mexico Department did not show that irreparable injury to its wildlife management efforts or its state sovereignty was likely. The Tenth Circuit ...


National Association Of Manufacturers V. Department Of Defense, Summer L. Carmack 2018 Alexander Blewett III School of Law at the University of Montana

National Association Of Manufacturers V. Department Of Defense, Summer L. Carmack

Public Land and Resources Law Review

In an attempt to provide consistency to the interpretation and application of the statutory phrase “waters of the United States,” as used in the Clean Water Act, the EPA and Army Corps of Engineers together passed the WOTUS Rule. Unfortunately, the Rule has created more confusion than clarity, resulting in a number of lawsuits challenging substantive portions of the Rule’s language. National Association of Manufacturers v. Department of Defense did not address those substantive challenges, but instead determined whether those claims challenging the Rule must be filed in federal district courts or federal courts of appeals. In its decision ...


Could Official Climate Denial Revive The Common Law As A Regulatory Backstop?, Mark P. Nevitt, Robert Percival 2018 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Could Official Climate Denial Revive The Common Law As A Regulatory Backstop?, Mark P. Nevitt, Robert Percival

Faculty Scholarship

The Trump Administration is rapidly turning the clock back on climate policy and environmental regulation. Despite overwhelming, peer-reviewed scientific evidence, administration officials eager to promote greater use of fossil fuels are disregarding climate science. This Article argues that this massive and historic deregulation may spawn yet another wave of legal innovation as litigants, including states and their political subdivisions, return to the common law to protect the health of the planet. Prior to the emergence of the major federal environmental laws in the 1970s, the common law of nuisance gave rise to the earliest environmental decisions in U.S. history ...


Climate Change And Human Trafficking After The Paris Agreement, Michael B. Gerrard 2018 Columbia Law School

Climate Change And Human Trafficking After The Paris Agreement, Michael B. Gerrard

University of Miami Law Review

At least 21 million people globally are victims of human trafficking, typically involving either sexual exploitation or forced labor. This form of modern-day slavery tends to increase after natural disasters or conflicts where large numbers of people are displaced from their homes and become highly vulnerable. In the decades to come, climate change will very likely lead to a large increase in the number of people who are displaced and thus vulnerable to trafficking. The Paris Climate Agreement of 2015 established objectives to limit global temperature increases, but the voluntary pledges made by nearly every country fall far short of ...


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