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Clash Of The Titans: A Comparative Approach To Reform Of Judicial Accountability In Egypt, Shams Al Din Al Hajjaji 2017 Seattle University School of Law

Clash Of The Titans: A Comparative Approach To Reform Of Judicial Accountability In Egypt, Shams Al Din Al Hajjaji

Seattle University Law Review

This Article argues for the reform of judicial accountability rules in Egypt. The lack of a real separation of powers and “checks and balances” between the three powers often leads the judiciary to become a periphery in the executive body, rather than an independent authority that invigilates and monitors any violation of the law. Judges who refuse to comply with executive wishes are often subjected to persecution from the Ministry of Justice and its Judicial Inspection Department, which can reach up to the level of impeachment. The Ministry of Justice uses judicial accountability as a tool of retribution over disobedient ...


Teaching International Law: Beyond The Law School Experience, Charlotte Ku 2017 Selected Works

Teaching International Law: Beyond The Law School Experience, Charlotte Ku

Charlotte Ku

As teachers, it is perhaps natural for us to think about teaching in the classroom context, although this panel is demonstrating the teaching opportunities that may exist outside of a single course or courses in international law.


Enforcement Of Intellectual Property At Trade Shows: A Comparative Perspective, Marketa Trimble 2017 University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- William S. Boyd School of Law

Enforcement Of Intellectual Property At Trade Shows: A Comparative Perspective, Marketa Trimble

Boyd Briefs / Road Scholars

Professor Marketa Trimble presented these materials via webcast at a Roundtable on Protecting and Enforcing IP in the Trade Show Context hosted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office's Global Intellectual Property Academy in Alexandra, Virginia. Professor Trimble discussed various enforcement routes and their respective challenges. She also introduced mechanisms available in Europe and compared them to current mechanisms in the United States.


Lawyer Discipline In An Authoritarian Regime: Empirical Insights From Zhejiang Province, China, Judith A. McMorrow, Benjamin Van Rooij, Sida Liu 2017 Boston College Law School

Lawyer Discipline In An Authoritarian Regime: Empirical Insights From Zhejiang Province, China, Judith A. Mcmorrow, Benjamin Van Rooij, Sida Liu

Judith A. McMorrow

On paper the state-run lawyer disciplinary system in China serves multiple interests: client protection, maintaining the reputation of the legal profession, upholding the rule of law, and safeguarding the party-state authority. This Article assesses which of these interests dominates in the lawyer disciplinary process by analyzing 122 published lawyer discipline cases from Zhejiang Province from 2007-2015. These records of lawyer discipline evidence an authoritarian political logic of attorney discipline, with punishment most clearly serving to safeguard the Communist Party's rule by keeping lawyers in bounds and tightly tied to their law firms. Subordinate to this are other state interests ...


The Published Works Of Sir Nigel Rodley, James W. Hart 2017 University of Cincinnati College of Law

The Published Works Of Sir Nigel Rodley, James W. Hart

Law Librarian Articles and Other Publications

This work is a comprehensive bibliography of the writings of Sir Nigel Rodley that was compiled for the Urban Morgan Human Rights Conference Honoring Sir Nigel Rodley that was held at the University of Cincinnati College of Law on October 28 and 29, 2017. It lists the books that he was the sole author of, books that he edited either solely or with others, chapters in books edited by others, journal articles, conference papers, book reviews, reports issued as part of his UN work, two manuscripts, introductions, forwards, comments, tributes, and obituaries. It does not list decisions of the UN ...


Single-Subject Constitutional Amendments, Richard Albert 2017 Boston College Law School

Single-Subject Constitutional Amendments, Richard Albert

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

What makes a constitution difficult to amend? The answer varies across jurisdictions. In the United States, for example, the threshold problem is getting two-thirds of Congress to initiate an amendment—a virtually impossibility in our present day given that Congress has a hard enough time agreeing by a simple majority to pass a simple law. In Australia and Switzerland, it is largely the combination of subnational approval and referendal ratification that complicates matters. In Canada—the subject of this paper—constitutional amendment difficulty derives from similar challenges associated with initiation and ratification but perhaps even more from the use of ...


A Realist Systematic Review Of Cross-Sector Collaboration Implementation In Developing Countries & Mediation As A Useful Instrument, Jessica Kritz 2017 Pepperdine University

A Realist Systematic Review Of Cross-Sector Collaboration Implementation In Developing Countries & Mediation As A Useful Instrument, Jessica Kritz

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

This review will provide a realistic systematic review to synthesize evidence on successful cross-sector collaboration implementation in developing (low and middle income) countries. More specifically, this review will explicitly consider interactions between strategy, context, and mechanisms to provide an indication as to how cross-sector collaboration governance helps some cross-sector collaboration succeed, grow, and become sustainable. This paper will also present mediation as potentially a useful mechanism to implement cross-sector collaboration implementation in developing countries.


Post-Trial Judicial Review Of Criminal Convictions: A Comparative Study Of The United States And Finland, Christopher M. Johnson 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Post-Trial Judicial Review Of Criminal Convictions: A Comparative Study Of The United States And Finland, Christopher M. Johnson

Maine Law Review

In 2011, two murder cases involving defendants who professed their innocence came to dramatic conclusions in appellate courts. In Finland in August 2011, the murder prosecution of Anneli Auer ended with her acquittal by an appellate court. In the United States in September 2011, the murder prosecution of Troy Davis ended in his execution in Georgia’s death chamber, despite exculpatory information developed after his trial about the reliability of some eyewitnesses identification evidence. The Finish case arose out if the December 2006 death if Jukka Lahti in Ulvila. His wife, Auer, called the police and claimed that an intruder ...


Law In Books And Law In Action: The Problem Of Legal Change, Jean-Louis Halperin 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Law In Books And Law In Action: The Problem Of Legal Change, Jean-Louis Halperin

Maine Law Review

One hundred years ago, Roscoe Pound wrote his famous article, “Law in Books and Law in Action.” Considered an important step toward American legal realism, today this article is invoked more for its title than its content. I would argue that in the article, Pound did not clearly distinguish between two separate situations: (1) the departure of decisions of courts from statements of statutory (or constitutional) law, and (2) the discrepancy between doctrine in books and empirical data about law. This second observation has fed various strands of jurisprudence, if often only through the repetition of the well-quoted formula. It ...


Environmental Restorative Justice, Aiden Stark 2017 Pepperdine University

Environmental Restorative Justice, Aiden Stark

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

Section I briefly introduces this article. Section II discusses the gravity of environmental crimes. Section III highlights the history of environmental criminal prosecution. Section IV explains how environmental crimes are currently prosecuted. Section V demonstrates how restorative justice procedures work. Section VI critiques the only previous analysis applying restorative justice to environmental crimes in the United States. Section Vll walks through Australian Justice Preston's analysis, which provides a proper foundation for applying restorative justice to environmental crimes. Section VIII applies Justice Preston's framework to criminal procedures in the United States. Section IX discusses criticisms that will be raised ...


Public Policy Exception In Enforcement Of Foreign Judgments: Setting Aside An Award In The Country Of The Seat Of Arbitration, Amir Seyedfarshi 2017 Pepperdine University

Public Policy Exception In Enforcement Of Foreign Judgments: Setting Aside An Award In The Country Of The Seat Of Arbitration, Amir Seyedfarshi

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

American courts may enforce and recognize international commercial arbitral awards pursuant to the New York Convention. An arbitral award can be subject of scrutiny before the courts of the country of the seat of arbitration and courts of the seat of arbitration may annul an award. Once an award is annulled, the question is whether a decision to annul an award renders it void, or a court outside of the seat of arbitration may refuse to enforce the judgment annulling the award and enforce the award. Courts may treat the judgment annulling an award as a judgment for the purpose ...


Governance Challenges Of Listed State- Owned Enterprises Around The World: National Experiences And A Framework For Reform, Curtis J. Milhaupt, Mariana Pargendler 2017 Columbia Law School

Governance Challenges Of Listed State- Owned Enterprises Around The World: National Experiences And A Framework For Reform, Curtis J. Milhaupt, Mariana Pargendler

Cornell International Law Journal

Despite predictions of their demise in the aftermath of the collapse of socialist economies in Eastern Europe, state-owned enterprises (SOEs) are very much alive in the global economy. The relevance of listed SOEs— firms subject to government ownership, but with a portion of their shares traded on public stock markets— has persisted and even increased around the world, as policymakers have encouraged the partial floating of SOE shares either as a first step toward, or as an alternative to, privatization. In this Article, we evaluate the governance challenges associated with mixed ownership of enterprise, and examine a variety of national ...


Four Unconstitutional Constitutions And Their Democratic Foundations, Richard Albert 2017 Boston College Law School

Four Unconstitutional Constitutions And Their Democratic Foundations, Richard Albert

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

The present fascination with the global phenomenon of an unconstitutional constitutional amendment has left open the question whether a constitution can be unconstitutional. Invalidating a single amendment for violating the architectural core of a constitution is an extraordinary action, but it is occurring with increasing frequency around the world. But to call an entire constitution unconstitutional, however, seems different in both kind and degree. In this Article, I illustrate and evaluate four different conceptions of an unconstitutional constitution. Each conception draws from a different constitution currently in force around the world, specifically the Constitutions of Canada, Mexico, South Africa and ...


中国法律检索教育新发展, Liying Yu, Ning Han 2017 Tsinghua University School of Law

中国法律检索教育新发展, Liying Yu, Ning Han

Ning Han

本文通过问卷调查揭示中国法律检索教学领域的最新状况和发展趋势。该调查是作者2008年调查的继续,以期发现近年来国内该项教学的进展和变化。作者希望以中美法律图书馆员的视角对中国法律检索教学中诸如课程设置、教学方式、学分、考核评估等方面进行具体观察和分析;同时,对法律职业与法律教育者之间的反馈系统、学生对法律检索能力的认知、全国性指导标准等相关方面也有涉及。文章指出,当前,中国法律检索教学局限与机遇并存,特别是伴随信息与数据时代对社会经济文化的全面影响,中国法学教育改革适逢其时,法律检索教育也会不可避免地提到议事日程。而且,作者乐观地认为,中美法律图书馆员在其中的积极与促进作用也是无可替代的。


Legal Research Instruction And Law Librarianship In China: An Updated View Of Current Practices And A Comparison With The U.S. Legal Education System, Ning Han, Liying Yu, Anne Mostad-Jensen 2017 Concordia Univeristy School of Law

Legal Research Instruction And Law Librarianship In China: An Updated View Of Current Practices And A Comparison With The U.S. Legal Education System, Ning Han, Liying Yu, Anne Mostad-Jensen

Ning Han

This article follows up on Liying Yu’s 2008 survey exploring the state of legal research instruction in Chinese law schools. The updated survey revisits the state of legal research instruction in China, explores several aspects not previously addressed, and discusses broader issues relevant to law librarianship in China such as management models, funding, staffing, and law librarian faculty status.


Principled Negotiation: The Final Answer To The South China Sea Dispute, Hoa Nguyen 2017 Texas A&M University School of Law

Principled Negotiation: The Final Answer To The South China Sea Dispute, Hoa Nguyen

Texas A&M Law Review

Principled negotiation suggests that in any conflict there are interests that motivate a party’s claimed position. Identifying and focusing on these interests instead of the position itself is the best way to solve the underlying conflict, whether it concerns a family quarrel, a business contract, or an international settlement among nations. On the surface of the South China Sea dispute, China, Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei, and Taiwan all make conflicting claims over various features in the South China Sea, particularly the Spratly and Paracel Islands. However, in reality, each nation has particular interests in mind when asserting its ...


Resolving Economic Disputes In Russia's Market Economy, Karen Halverson 2017 John Marshall Law School

Resolving Economic Disputes In Russia's Market Economy, Karen Halverson

Karen Halverson Cross

The purpose of this paper is to examine the recent transformation of state arbitrazh into economic courts along with the development of commercial arbitration in Russia, and to consider the relative utility of these mechanisms for resolving disputes in Russia's evolving market economy. Part I describes state arbitrazh and details its evolution into the existing system of economic courts. Part II discusses the past and recent development of commercial arbitration in Russia as an alternative to litigating domestic disputes. Part III considers various social and historic factors that hinder genuine reform.


Language Of Lullabies: The Russification And De-Russification Of The Baltic States, Sonia Bychkov Green 2017 Chicago-Kent College of Law

Language Of Lullabies: The Russification And De-Russification Of The Baltic States, Sonia Bychkov Green

Sonia Bychkov Green

This article argues that the laws for promotion of the national languages are a legitimate means for the Baltic states to establish their cultural independence from Russia and the former Soviet Union.


Democracy's Deficits, Sam Issacharoff 2017 NYU Law School

Democracy's Deficits, Sam Issacharoff

New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers

Barely a quarter century after the collapse of the Soviet empire, it is democracy that has entered an intense period of public scrutiny. The election of President Trump and the Brexit vote are dramatic moments in a populist uprising against the postwar political consensus of liberal rule. But they are also signposts in a process long in the making, yet perhaps not fully appreciated until the intense electoral upheavals of recent years. The current moment is defined by the distrust of the institutional order of democracy and, more fundamentally, of the idea that there is a tomorrow and that the ...


Collective Action And Class Action, Sam Issacharoff 2017 NYU Law School

Collective Action And Class Action, Sam Issacharoff

New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers

Over the past 25 years, class actions have emerged as a central feature of Canadian law. The conceptual heart of these class actions comes from the Ontario Law Reform Commission’s 1982 Report on Class Actions, particularly in common law Canada.[1] Drawing on the experiences of the early-adopter provinces of Québec, Ontario and British Columbia, the Report set out the objectives of the modern class action: judicial economy, access to justice, and behavior modification.

The reasoning in the Ontario Report as insufficient to explain the need for class actions. The stated premises are all classic accounts of the lack ...


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