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Donor Advised Funds: Charitable Spending Vehicles For 21st Century Philanthropy, Roger Colinvaux 2017 The Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law

Donor Advised Funds: Charitable Spending Vehicles For 21st Century Philanthropy, Roger Colinvaux

Scholarly Articles and Other Contributions

The donor advised fund (DAF) is changing longstanding giving norms in United States philanthropy. DAF contributions now account for around 8.4% of giving by individuals in the U.S. Over half of those contributions go to national DAF sponsors that have relationships with large commercial investment firms like Fidelity, Vanguard, and Schwab. This Article seeks to advance the understanding of the donor advised fund and to address two of the main policy questions: whether to require a mandatory distribution of funds by DAFs and their sponsoring organizations and how to respond to the increased use of DAFs for noncash ...


In Search Of Smarter Homeowner Subsidies, Matthew Rossman 2017 Case Western University School of Law

In Search Of Smarter Homeowner Subsidies, Matthew Rossman

Faculty Publications

Critics have long assailed the federal tax code’s homeowner subsidies as lucrative tax breaks for upper income households that are essentially worthless to lower income households financially constrained from purchasing a home. This article examines the subsidies through a different lens and reveals another serious flaw that has received little attention. It demonstrates how the homeowner subsidies do very little to contain the negative housing externalities that other federal policies seek to abate and, worse yet, probably undermine these policies by subsidizing behavior that exacerbates the externalities. These policies are wide-ranging and include: (i) combating blight, deterioration and public ...


The Great Etf Tax Swindle: The Taxation Of In-Kind Redemptions, Jeffrey Colon 2017 Fordham University School of Law

The Great Etf Tax Swindle: The Taxation Of In-Kind Redemptions, Jeffrey Colon

Faculty Scholarship

Since the repeal of the General Utilities doctrine over 30 years ago, corporations must recognize gain when distributing appreciated property to their shareholders. Regulated investment companies (RICs), which generally must be organized as domestic corporations, are exempt from this rule when distributing property in kind to a redeeming shareholder. In-kind redemptions, while rare for mutual funds, are a fundamental feature of exchange-traded funds (ETFs). Because fund managers decide which securities to distribute, they distribute assets with unrealized gains and thereby significantly reduce the future tax burdens of their current and future shareholders. Many ETFs have morphed into investment vehicles that ...


The Definitions Of Income, John R. Brooks 2017 Georgetown University Law Center

The Definitions Of Income, John R. Brooks

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

What is income? It’s a seemingly simple question that’s surprisingly hard to answer. Income is the basis for assigning tax burdens, for distributing transfers, and for broader normative issues of inequality and justice. Yet we lack a shared conception of income, and a pure, rigorous definition of income is impossible. In this Article I review the intellectual history of the income concept among tax and fiscal theorists to show the difficulty of the problem, and also to show that some important debates about what’s proper under an income tax can be explained instead as arguments over competing ...


Income Tax At 100 Years : Essays And Reflections On The Income War Tax Act, Jinyan Li 2017 Osgoode Hall Law School of York University

Income Tax At 100 Years : Essays And Reflections On The Income War Tax Act, Jinyan Li

Books

Income Tax at 100 Years: Essays and Reflections on the Income War Tax Act commemorates the 100th anniversary of Canada's Income War Tax Act, 1917, with papers and panel discussions from a wide range of distinguished contributors: tax practitioners, both accountants and lawyers; academic experts in tax law, economics, and public policy; judges; journalists; and policy makers from both the Department of Justice and the Canada Revenue Agency. The book considers, among other things, the historical context from which Canada's modern income tax system emerged, demonstrating how the tax law was shaped by the challenges that faced the ...


Kaplow And Shavell And The Priority Of Income Taxation And Transfer, David H. Blankfein-Tabachnick, Kevin A. Kordana 2017 Michigan State University College of Law

Kaplow And Shavell And The Priority Of Income Taxation And Transfer, David H. Blankfein-Tabachnick, Kevin A. Kordana

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Pop Culture Business Handbook For Cons And Festivals: Gambling, Raffles, Door Prizes, And Competitions, Jon M. Garon 2016 Nova Southeastern University - Shepard Broad College of Law

Pop Culture Business Handbook For Cons And Festivals: Gambling, Raffles, Door Prizes, And Competitions, Jon M. Garon

Jon M. Garon

Games of chance are highly regulated activities, whereas bona fide competitions are generally left unregulated. Both are big businesses. Competitions, drafts, and other events help support the popularity of trading card games. Many nonprofit organizations take advantage of their charitable status to raise funds through various indirect strategies, including raffles, bingo, games of chance, and competitions. For the games of chance, it often comes as a surprise to nonprofit volunteers that these activities are highly regulated under state law and IRS rules. Many of the common practices used by charities are illegal, and it is only the high public regard ...


R&D Tax Incentives--Growth Panacea Or Budget Trojan Horse?, Stephen E. Shay, J. Clifton Fleming Jr., Robert J. Peroni 2016 Harvard Law School

R&D Tax Incentives--Growth Panacea Or Budget Trojan Horse?, Stephen E. Shay, J. Clifton Fleming Jr., Robert J. Peroni

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


When Helpers Hurt: Protecting Taxpayers From Preparers, Michelle L. Drumbl 2016 Washington and Lee University School of Law

When Helpers Hurt: Protecting Taxpayers From Preparers, Michelle L. Drumbl

Michelle L Drumbl

None available.


Joint Statement Of The Ncc And The Uscc Regarding Tax Reforms, 2016 St. John's University School of Law

Joint Statement Of The Ncc And The Uscc Regarding Tax Reforms

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


The Tax Definition Of "Medical Care:" A Critique Of The Startling Irs Arguments In O'Donnabhain V. Commissioner, Katherine Pratt 2016 Loyola Law School

The Tax Definition Of "Medical Care:" A Critique Of The Startling Irs Arguments In O'Donnabhain V. Commissioner, Katherine Pratt

Michigan Journal of Gender and Law

This Article critiques the startling arguments made by the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) in O’Donnabhain v. Commissioner, a case in which the issue was whether a person diagnosed with gender identity disorder (“GID”) could take a federal tax deduction for the costs of male-to-female medical transition, including hormone treatment, genital surgery, and breast augmentation. Internal Revenue Code § 213 allows a deduction for the costs of “medical care,” which (1) includes costs incurred for “the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease, or for the purpose of affecting any structure or function of the body,” but (2) generally excludes ...


Country By Country Reporting And Corporate Privacy: Some Unanswered Questions, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah 2016 University of Michigan Law School

Country By Country Reporting And Corporate Privacy: Some Unanswered Questions, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah

Articles

Corporate privacy is an oxymoron. Individuals have a right to privacy, which the Supreme Court has recognized at least since Griswold v. Connecticut (1965). Warren and Brandeis’ famous defense of the right to privacy (1890) clearly applied only to individuals, because only individuals have the kind of feelings that are affected by invasions of privacy. Corporations are legal entities, and the concept of privacy does not apply to them, as the Supreme Court held in 1906. Thus, any objection to making corporate tax returns public cannot rest on the right to privacy. In fact, corporate returns were made public in ...


Federal Tax Update (Powerpoint), Stephen L. Owen 2016 College of William & Mary Law School

Federal Tax Update (Powerpoint), Stephen L. Owen

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


The Mapmaker’S Dilemma In Evaluating High-End Inequality, Daniel Shaviro 2016 University of Miami Law School

The Mapmaker’S Dilemma In Evaluating High-End Inequality, Daniel Shaviro

University of Miami Law Review

The last thirty years have witnessed rising income and wealth concentration among the top 0.1% of the population, leading to intense political debate regarding how, if at all, policymakers should respond. Often, this debate emphasizes the tools of public economics, and in particular optimal income taxation. However, while these tools can help us in evaluating the issues raised by high-end inequality, their extreme reductionism—which, in other settings, often offers significant analytic payoffs—here proves to have serious drawbacks. This Article addresses what we do and don’t learn from the optimal income tax literature regarding high-end inequality, and ...


Taxing Wealth Seriously, Edward J. McCaffery 2016 University of Southern California;California Institute of Tecnology

Taxing Wealth Seriously, Edward J. Mccaffery

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

The social and political problems of wealth inequality in America are severe and getting worse. A surprise is that the U.S. tax system, as is, is a significant cause of these problems, not a cure for them. The tax-law doctrines that allow those who already have financial wealth to live, luxuriously and tax-free, or to pass on their wealth tax-free to heirs, are simple. The applicable legal doctrines have been in place for nearly a century under the income tax, the primary social tool for addressing matters of economic inequality. The analytic pathways to reform are easy to see ...


We Believe In Being Honest: Dependency Exemptions For Lds Missionaries, Annalee Hickman Moser 2016 Brigham Young University Law School

We Believe In Being Honest: Dependency Exemptions For Lds Missionaries, Annalee Hickman Moser

Brigham Young University Journal of Public Law

No abstract provided.


Nonprofits, Politics, And Privacy, Lloyd Hitoshi Mayer 2016 Notre Dame Law School

Nonprofits, Politics, And Privacy, Lloyd Hitoshi Mayer

Lloyd Hitoshi Mayer

No abstract provided.


Confidence Schemes: Theft Loss Deductions, Restitution, And Public Policy, Steven F. Friedell 2016 St. John's University School of Law

Confidence Schemes: Theft Loss Deductions, Restitution, And Public Policy, Steven F. Friedell

St. John's Law Review

No abstract provided.


Drafting Charitable Bequests - Estate Tax Considerations, Lawrence X. Cusack 2016 St. John's University School of Law

Drafting Charitable Bequests - Estate Tax Considerations, Lawrence X. Cusack

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


When Is A Transfer Of Assets To A Controlled Corporation By Related Parties A Sale Or Contribution Of Capital?, Ophelia Ding 2016 San Jose State University

When Is A Transfer Of Assets To A Controlled Corporation By Related Parties A Sale Or Contribution Of Capital?, Ophelia Ding

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


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