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Articles 1 - 30 of 1962

Full-Text Articles in Taxation-Federal

Improving Tax Rules By Means-Testing: Bridging Wealth Inequality And “Ability To Pay”, James M. Puckett Jan 2018

Improving Tax Rules By Means-Testing: Bridging Wealth Inequality And “Ability To Pay”, James M. Puckett

Oklahoma Law Review

No abstract provided.


Protective Claims For Refund: Protecting The Interests Of Taxpayers And The Irs, Kristy M. Bowden Dec 2017

Protective Claims For Refund: Protecting The Interests Of Taxpayers And The Irs, Kristy M. Bowden

Maine Law Review

The Internal Revenue Code provides taxpayers wishing to claim a refund of an overpayment of taxes with a simple, straightforward provision setting forth a taxpayer's right to make such a claim. Additionally, regulations exist that provide for the procedure to be followed in order to claim a refund, further clarifying what is expected of the taxpayer. Unfortunately, not all situations that give rise to the right to claim a refund are so straightforward and simple. Taxpayers may find themselves in a situation that seems to have very little direct connection with tax, but may nonetheless result in significant tax ...


Corporate Tax Avoidance And Honoring The Fiduciary Duties Owed To The Corporation And Its Stockholders, Eric C. Chaffee, Karie Davis-Nozemack Nov 2017

Corporate Tax Avoidance And Honoring The Fiduciary Duties Owed To The Corporation And Its Stockholders, Eric C. Chaffee, Karie Davis-Nozemack

Boston College Law Review

Corporate tax avoidance is a pressing issue of both national and international concern. Corporations usually claim that they are legally required to engage in aggressive tax strategies. But this Article proves that claim is incorrect when based upon the fiduciary duties owed to the corporation and its stockholders. Directors and other corporate managers often look to the classic case of Dodge v. Ford, which is ubiquitous in corporate law from the boardroom to the courtroom, as a North Star that guides them toward and defines their fiduciary duties to the corporation and its stockholders. In Dodge, the court held, “A ...


A Progressive Case For A Universal Transaction Tax, Gary Chartier Nov 2017

A Progressive Case For A Universal Transaction Tax, Gary Chartier

Maine Law Review

Federal Reserve Board chair Alan Greenspan’s recent call for tax simplification and his acknowledgement of arguments for a consumption tax may help to place the question of such taxes, including a value-added tax (VAT), on the national political agenda. If the possibility of imposing a VAT does receive significant national attention, the debate it occasions will obviously, and appropriately, focus in part on a variety of technical questions. But normative questions will likely be at issue as well. A VAT is like a sales tax, but is applied at each stage in a product’s development and not merely ...


Federal Tax Code Restrictions On Church Political Activity, Deirdre Dessingue Halloran, Kevin M. Kearney Oct 2017

Federal Tax Code Restrictions On Church Political Activity, Deirdre Dessingue Halloran, Kevin M. Kearney

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Letter To Orrin G. Hatch And Ron Wyden On Donor-Advised Funds, Ray D. Madoff, Roger Colinvaux Oct 2017

Letter To Orrin G. Hatch And Ron Wyden On Donor-Advised Funds, Ray D. Madoff, Roger Colinvaux

Law School Publications

Letter to Orrin G. Hatch, chairman of the United States Senate Committee on Finance and Ron Wyden, the ranking member of that committee. This letter was a response to a September 6 letter from the representatives of charitable foundations, which in turn responded to a July 17 letter from Madoff and Colinvaux. The subject of the letter is a set of proposed changes, proposed by Madoff and Colinvaux, to the tax code related to donor-advised funds.


Taxation And Doing Business In Indian Country, Erik M. Jensen Oct 2017

Taxation And Doing Business In Indian Country, Erik M. Jensen

Maine Law Review

Economic development on the lands of the American Indian nations has been spotty at best. Almost everyone knows the great success stories with Indian gaming, which has been furthered by federal legislation, but those economic benefits have not been felt uniformly. Some tribes have prospered because of this peculiarly favored form of enterprise; others have not and, in many cases, probably cannot. Substantial economic development in Indian country will not occur without significant infusions of outside capital, but investment by non-Indian and nongovernmental sources is risky, or is perceived to be so, which leads to the same practical result. This ...


Is Anybody Home? The Relaxation Of The Residency Requirement For Claiming A Qualifying Child Under The Earned Income Tax Credit After Rowe V. Commissioner, Jennifer S. Hamel Oct 2017

Is Anybody Home? The Relaxation Of The Residency Requirement For Claiming A Qualifying Child Under The Earned Income Tax Credit After Rowe V. Commissioner, Jennifer S. Hamel

Maine Law Review

Cynthia Rowe is currently serving a life sentence in prison for the shooting death of her brother-in-law. While she may have lost her criminal case, at least Rowe came away victorious in the recent Tax Court decision, Rowe v. Commissioner, in which she was awarded the earned income tax credit (EITC) over the objection of the Internal Revenue Service (Service or IRS). Unfortunately, her victory comes at the expense of sound legal analysis and public policy. Despite the efforts of Congress to ensure that the benefit of the EITC is given only to those who need it most by imposing ...


Fdic/Cash Management, David F. Menz, Joseph E. Kane, Thomas Drought Oct 2017

Fdic/Cash Management, David F. Menz, Joseph E. Kane, Thomas Drought

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Creating Access To Tax Benefits: How Pro Bono Tax Professionals Can Help Low-Income Taxpayers Claim The Earned Income Tax Credit, Kate Leifeld Oct 2017

Creating Access To Tax Benefits: How Pro Bono Tax Professionals Can Help Low-Income Taxpayers Claim The Earned Income Tax Credit, Kate Leifeld

Maine Law Review

The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) is meant to help low-income, working taxpayers and their families by providing a refundable tax credit. In healthy economic times, the EITC is relied upon to pull low-income taxpayers and their children out of poverty. However, we are facing the toughest economic climate in decades. In September 2009, unemployment was reported to be at 9.7 percent. While the economic outlook has begun to show signs of improvement, the unemployment rate for February 2010 remained at 9.7 percent. Even when improvement starts, the turnaround will not be overnight. In this economic climate, the ...


Business Taxes Reinvented: A Term Sheet, Edward D. Kleinbard Sep 2017

Business Taxes Reinvented: A Term Sheet, Edward D. Kleinbard

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

This short overview and accompanying term sheet summarize the key features of a proposed comprehensive business tax environment termed the Dual Business Enterprise Income Tax (the Dual BEIT). The term sheet format is a useful mode of presentation for capturing in one accessible document the major policy recommendations of the Dual BEIT (or any other comprehensive tax reform proposal).

This paper makes the case that the Dual BEIT satisfies the objectives of policymakers from both parties for comprehensive business tax reform that can serve as the platform for economic growth while collecting appropriate levels of tax revenue. The arguments are ...


Open Source: The Enewsletter Of Rwu Law 09-22-2017, Roger Williams University School Of Law Sep 2017

Open Source: The Enewsletter Of Rwu Law 09-22-2017, Roger Williams University School Of Law

Life of the Law School (1993- )

No abstract provided.


From Student-Athletes To Employee-Athletes: Why A "Pay For Play" Model Of College Sports Would Not Necessarily Make Educational Scholarships Taxable, Marc Edelman Sep 2017

From Student-Athletes To Employee-Athletes: Why A "Pay For Play" Model Of College Sports Would Not Necessarily Make Educational Scholarships Taxable, Marc Edelman

Boston College Law Review

In recent years, numerous commentators have called for the National Collegiate Athletic Association (“NCAA”) to relax its rules prohibiting athlete pay. This movement to allow athletes to share in the revenues of college sports arises from the belief that college athletes sacrifice too much time, personal autonomy, and physical health to justify their lack of pay. It further criticizes the NCAA’s “no pay” rules for keeping the revenues derived from college sports “in the hands of a select few administrators, athletic directors, and coaches.” Nevertheless, opponents of “pay for play” contend that several problems will emerge from lifting the ...


Federal Tuition Tax Credits And The Establishment Clause: A Constitutional Analysis, David J. Young, Steven W. Tigges Sep 2017

Federal Tuition Tax Credits And The Establishment Clause: A Constitutional Analysis, David J. Young, Steven W. Tigges

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Letter To Orrin G. Hatch And Ron Wyden On Donor-Advised Funds, Douglas Kridler, Vikki Spruill, Dan Cardinali, Adam Meyerson Sep 2017

Letter To Orrin G. Hatch And Ron Wyden On Donor-Advised Funds, Douglas Kridler, Vikki Spruill, Dan Cardinali, Adam Meyerson

Law School Publications

Letter written on the behalf of a number of philanthropic and community foundations to Orrin G. Hatch, chairman of the United States Senate Committee on Finance and Ron Wyden, the ranking member of that committee. The letter was written in response to the July 17 letter by Ray Madoff and Roger Colinvaux, which advocated for changes in the tax code related to donor-advised funds. This letter argues against the changes suggested by Madoff and Colinvaux.


Tax Exemptions Of Private Schools - The Impact Of Internal Revenue Service Proposals On The Catholic School System, John S. Nolan, Miller And Chevalier, Washington, D.C. Sep 2017

Tax Exemptions Of Private Schools - The Impact Of Internal Revenue Service Proposals On The Catholic School System, John S. Nolan, Miller And Chevalier, Washington, D.C.

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Update On Unemployment Compensation, Thomas A. Rayer, Denechaud & Denechaud, New Orleans, Louisiana Sep 2017

Update On Unemployment Compensation, Thomas A. Rayer, Denechaud & Denechaud, New Orleans, Louisiana

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


The Negative Capital Account Maze, Walter D. Schwidetzky Aug 2017

The Negative Capital Account Maze, Walter D. Schwidetzky

All Faculty Scholarship

Outside Hubert I and Hubert II, there has been little discussion of negative capital accounts in the tax context and almost no discussion in the nontax context. Nontax law, however, is critically important. This report provides an integrated discussion of the application of tax and nontax law to negative capital accounts.

One of the challenges in writing this report is that it requires a discussion of both the at-risk rules of section 465 and the debt allocation rules of section 752. Complex issues involving sections 465 and 752 and their interaction are worthy of their own articles. Indeed, others have ...


The Tax Treatment Of Tokens: What Does It Betoken?, David J. Shakow Aug 2017

The Tax Treatment Of Tokens: What Does It Betoken?, David J. Shakow

Faculty Scholarship

Digital tokens have been used to raise substantial amounts of money. But little attention has been paid to the tax consequences surrounding their issuance and sale. There are significant potential tax liabilities lurking in the use of digital tokens. But, because of the anonymity inherent in the blockchain structures used for the issuance of tokens and payments for them, there is a significant question as to whether those tax liabilities will ever be collected.


The Tax Lives Of Uber Drivers: Evidence From Online Forums, Diane M. Ring, Shu-Yi Oei Jul 2017

The Tax Lives Of Uber Drivers: Evidence From Online Forums, Diane M. Ring, Shu-Yi Oei

Shu-Yi Oei

In this Article, we investigate the tax issues and challenges facing Uber and Lyft drivers by studying their online interactions in three internet discussion forums: Reddit.com, Uberpeople.net, and Intuit TurboTax AnswerXchange. Using descriptive statistics and content analysis, we examine (1) the substantive tax concerns facing forum participants, (2) how taxes affect their driving and profitability decisions, and (3) the degree of user sophistication, accuracy of legal advising, and other cultural features of the forums.

We find that while forum participants displayed generally accurate understandings of tax filing and income inclusion obligations, their approaches to expenses and deductions were ...


Letter To Orrin G. Hatch On Donor-Advised Funds, Ray D. Madoff, Roger Colinvaux Jul 2017

Letter To Orrin G. Hatch On Donor-Advised Funds, Ray D. Madoff, Roger Colinvaux

Law School Publications

Letter advising Orrin G. Hatch, Chairman of the United States Senate Committee on Finance, to consider reforms in the treatment of donor-advised funds under the tax code.


A Practical Solution To The Marriage Penalty, Margaret Ryznar Jul 2017

A Practical Solution To The Marriage Penalty, Margaret Ryznar

Pepperdine Law Review

In the federal income tax code, there is a marriage penalty resulting from tax brackets that do not double upon marriage. This marriage penalty persists despite universal condemnation of it, penalizing a significant portion of married women who work and many same-sex couples. This Article proposes a novel way to deal with this marriage penalty by creating a filing status for dual income couples that earn an amount within a particular percentage of each other. This filing status would be the same as the current married filing status, except it would double the rates of single filers by accommodating two ...


A Diachronic Approach To Bob Jones: Religious Tax Exemptions After Obergefell, Samuel D. Brunson, David J. Herzig Jul 2017

A Diachronic Approach To Bob Jones: Religious Tax Exemptions After Obergefell, Samuel D. Brunson, David J. Herzig

Indiana Law Journal

In Bob Jones University v. United States, the Supreme Court held that an entity may lose its tax exemption if it violates a fundamental public policy, even where religious beliefs demand that violation. In that case, the Court held that racial discrimination violated fundamental public policy. Could the determination to exclude same-sex in-dividuals from marriage or attending a college also be considered a violation of fundamental public policy? There is uncertainty in the answer. In the re-cent Obergefell v. Hodges case that legalized same-sex marriage, the Court asserted that LGBT individuals are entitled to “equal dignity in the eyes of ...


The Present Status Of Multiple Taxation Of Intangible Property, Robert C. Brown Jun 2017

The Present Status Of Multiple Taxation Of Intangible Property, Robert C. Brown

Robert C. Brown

No abstract provided.


The Theory And Practice Of Modern Taxation, By William R. Green, Robert C. Brown Jun 2017

The Theory And Practice Of Modern Taxation, By William R. Green, Robert C. Brown

Robert C. Brown

No abstract provided.


The Taxation Of Real Estate Subject To Mortgage And Other Incumbrances, Robert C. Brown Jun 2017

The Taxation Of Real Estate Subject To Mortgage And Other Incumbrances, Robert C. Brown

Robert C. Brown

The purpose of this paper is to examine the method of taxing real estate which is affected by incumbrances-either physical or legal. In particular, it is desired to consider the situation where the incumbrance is a mortgage or otherwise purely for security. And particular consideration is to be given to the propriety of taxing as real estate the interest of a non-resident mortgagee or similar incumbrancer in land within the jurisdiction.


The Nature Of Income Tax, Robert C. Brown Jun 2017

The Nature Of Income Tax, Robert C. Brown

Robert C. Brown

No abstract provided.


The Time For Taking Deductions For Losses And Bad Debts For Income Tax Purposes, Robert C. Brown Jun 2017

The Time For Taking Deductions For Losses And Bad Debts For Income Tax Purposes, Robert C. Brown

Robert C. Brown

No abstract provided.


The Treatment For Federal Income Tax Purposes Of Errors In The Deduction Of Other Taxes, Robert C. Brown Jun 2017

The Treatment For Federal Income Tax Purposes Of Errors In The Deduction Of Other Taxes, Robert C. Brown

Robert C. Brown

No abstract provided.


State Taxation Of Interstate Commerce, And Federal And State Taxation In Intergovernmental Relations -- 1932-1935, Robert C. Brown Jun 2017

State Taxation Of Interstate Commerce, And Federal And State Taxation In Intergovernmental Relations -- 1932-1935, Robert C. Brown

Robert C. Brown

No abstract provided.