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Introduction: Marijuana Laws And Federalism, Erwin Chemerinsky 2017 University of California, Irvine School of Law

Introduction: Marijuana Laws And Federalism, Erwin Chemerinsky

Boston College Law Review

No abstract provided.


Marijuana Legalization And Nosy Neighbor States, Alex Kreit 2017 Thomas Jefferson School of Law

Marijuana Legalization And Nosy Neighbor States, Alex Kreit

Boston College Law Review

As more states proceed with marijuana legalization laws, questions have arisen about how to accommodate those states that wish to retain prohibition. For instance, in 2014, Oklahoma and Nebraska unsuccessfully sued Colorado based on the spillover effects that Colorado’s marijuana legalization law had on its neighboring states. This article asserts that there are several reasons why state marijuana legalization laws are unlikely to have a large effect on neighboring states. First, marijuana is not a previously unobtainable good being introduced into the stream of commerce, as it is already available through the black market inexpensively. Second, legalization laws have ...


Reefer Madness: How Non-Legalizing States Can Revamp Dram Shop Laws To Protect Themselves From Marijuana Spillover From Their Legalizing Neighbors, Jessica Berch 2017 Sandra Day O’Connor College of Law at Arizona State University

Reefer Madness: How Non-Legalizing States Can Revamp Dram Shop Laws To Protect Themselves From Marijuana Spillover From Their Legalizing Neighbors, Jessica Berch

Boston College Law Review

Reefer madness is sweeping the nation. Despite a federal ban on marijuana, states have begun to legalize medical and, increasingly, recreational use of the drug. As more states legalize marijuana, their non-legalizing neighbors have seen a distinct uptick in marijuana possession and use—and an attendant increase in crime and accidents. In December 2014, Nebraska and Oklahoma, non-legalizing states that border Colorado, a trail-blazer in the full-legalization movement, requested permission to file suit in the U.S. Supreme Court over their neighbor’s lax marijuana controls, which allow cannabis to come into their states. The Supreme Court denied leave to ...


Cooperative And Uncooperative Foreign Affairs Federalism, Jean Galbraith 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Cooperative And Uncooperative Foreign Affairs Federalism, Jean Galbraith

Faculty Scholarship

This book review argues for reorienting how we think about federalism in relation to foreign affairs. In considering state and local engagement in foreign affairs, legal scholars often focus on the opportunities and limits provided by constitutional law. Foreign Affairs Federalism: The Myth of National Exclusivity by Michael Glennon and Robert Sloane does precisely this in a thoughtful and well-crafted way. But while the backdrop constitutional principles studied by Glennon and Sloane are important, so too are other types of law that receive far less attention. International law, administrative law, particular statutory schemes, and state law can all affect how ...


Beyond The Money: Expected (And Unexpected) Consequences Of America's War On Drugs, Cynthia Brown 2017 Lincoln Memorial University Duncan School of Law

Beyond The Money: Expected (And Unexpected) Consequences Of America's War On Drugs, Cynthia Brown

Lincoln Memorial University Law Review

The purpose of this paper is to provide a high-level survey of our nation’s prohibition policies within the context of the costs of the law enforcement efforts upholding those policies. The discussion will offer a cursory review of the economic expense of the war on drugs with tangential coverage of the constitutional, institutional and intangible expenses that are inseparable from an assessment of the costs of America’s drug control efforts. Part I provides a historical review of illicit drug use in the United States, while Part II supplies the evolution of the country’s efforts to codify its ...


Friends Or Foes? The Problem Of South Florida’S Invasive Mangroves, Kelly J. Cox, Rafael J. Araújo 2017 Miami Waterkeeper

Friends Or Foes? The Problem Of South Florida’S Invasive Mangroves, Kelly J. Cox, Rafael J. Araújo

Pace Environmental Law Review

A recent global review on the impacts of climate change on mangroves concluded that different regions will experience varying degrees of impacts due to the variability of expected changes in climate (shifts in precipitation, frequency and intensity of storms, droughts, sea level rise, change of ocean currents, increases in CO2 concentrations, etc.) and the variety of types and mangrove assemblages growing in these regions, including different species composition of mangrove forests. In North America and the Caribbean, these changes are dependent upon a predicted higher frequency (and intensity) of tropical storms, sea level rise, changes in patterns of precipitation, and ...


Labor Leading On Climate: A Policy Platform To Address Rising Inequality And Rising Sea Levels In New York State, J. Mijin Cha 2017 Occidental College

Labor Leading On Climate: A Policy Platform To Address Rising Inequality And Rising Sea Levels In New York State, J. Mijin Cha

Pace Environmental Law Review

With the renewed need for state action, this paper presents a case study of a labor-led initiative in New York State that seeks to address both economic inequality and the climate crisis. It discusses how organized labor, which has historically represented fossil fuel workers and has not been seen as a traditional climate ally, put forth a comprehensive climate jobs plan that could meaningfully reduce carbon emissions while also creating good, family-sustaining jobs to reduce income inequality. As the need for a broader coalition to advocate for sensible climate policy increases, this case study provides a road map for states ...


Battling The (Algae) Bloom: Watershed Policies And Plans In Wisconsin, Jamie Konopacky 2017 Harvard Law School

Battling The (Algae) Bloom: Watershed Policies And Plans In Wisconsin, Jamie Konopacky

Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review

Algae blooms and unsafe nitrate levels caused primarily by nutrients in runoff from agricultural and urban areas plague waterbodies across the United States. The nutrient pollution problem can be effectively addressed through the development and implementation of appropriately scaled watershed plans. To encourage needed planning and implementation, the Environmental Protection Agency and states must utilize an improved watershed policy approach. For decades, such an approach has been stymied by a nebulous watershed concept and legal, political, and financial obstacles. This article provides an in-depth look at policies that provide the foundation and framework for watershed planning and implementation in Wisconsin ...


Food Deserts Are Ripe For Business, Ryelle Seymour 2017 Boston College Law School

Food Deserts Are Ripe For Business, Ryelle Seymour

Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review

People living in food deserts lack access to nutritious food. Although growing awareness of food deserts has prompted federal and state governments to allocate resources to combat the problem, many municipal and state governments lack the funding, personnel, and expertise necessary to develop and implement programs to address food deserts. The private sector can take advantage of federal and local governmental incentive programs to establish an enterprise to serve food desert areas. The successful food desert intiatives implemented around the country can serve as a model for future programs. Because these businesses have proved to be profitable but are created ...


Saving On Health Care While Protecting The Planet: An Examination Of Massachusetts’ Proposed Carbon Tax And Its Impact On The Hospital Industry, Alexandra Shalom 2017 Boston College Law School

Saving On Health Care While Protecting The Planet: An Examination Of Massachusetts’ Proposed Carbon Tax And Its Impact On The Hospital Industry, Alexandra Shalom

Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review

Climate change has negative implications not only for the environment, but also for human health. Human greenhouse gas (“GHG”) emissions are a major contributor to climate change and therefore we must curb our behavior to save the planet and ourselves. Following the economic principle of the First Law of Demand, a carbon tax incentivizes polluters to reduce emissions by increasing the cost of emission producing goods. British Columbia has demonstrated that carbon taxes are effective mechanisms to curb GHG emissions. Massachusetts, therefore, has proposed a carbon tax to help achieve its established GHG reduction goals. In addition, the Commonwealth’s ...


Procedural Due Process Claims, Erwin Chemerinsky 2017 Selected Works

Procedural Due Process Claims, Erwin Chemerinsky

Erwin Chemerinsky

No abstract provided.


It Takes A Village: Designating "Tiny House" Villages As Transitional Housing Campgrounds, Ciara Turner 2017 University of Michigan Law School

It Takes A Village: Designating "Tiny House" Villages As Transitional Housing Campgrounds, Ciara Turner

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

A relatively new proposal to reduce homelessness in the United States involves extraordinarily small dwellings. While the “tiny house” movement is intuitively appealing and has found sporadic success, strict housing codes, building codes, and zoning laws often destroy the movement before it can get off the ground. One possibility for getting around these zoning and building code challenges, without drastic overhauls to health and safety codes, is to create a new state-level zoning classification of “transitional campgrounds.” A new zoning classification would alleviate the issue because campgrounds are consistently subject to less strict building codes, which could permit tiny houses ...


Reforming State Laws On How Businesses Can Ban Guns: "No Guns" Signs, Property Rights, And The First Amendment, Christine M. Quinn 2017 University of Michigan Law School

Reforming State Laws On How Businesses Can Ban Guns: "No Guns" Signs, Property Rights, And The First Amendment, Christine M. Quinn

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

Every state has different regulations regarding how businesses can ban guns. Some states mandate that specific signs be posted in specific places while other states say nothing on the issue. This Note first establishes that even under Heller and McDonald, private business owners have a right to control their private property, which includes a right to prohibit their customers from carrying firearms into their buildings. It then introduces some states’ requirements for “No Guns” signs and examines their weaknesses, particularly from a First Amendment, compelled speech perspective. The Note concludes that some current state regulations are ineffective, unclear, and outright ...


An American Oddity: The Law, History, And Toll Of The School District, Nadav Shoked 2017 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

An American Oddity: The Law, History, And Toll Of The School District, Nadav Shoked

Northwestern University Law Review

The school district is a staple of American law. As the local government tasked with controlling our public schools, the school district is so well-entrenched that lawmakers and commentators ignore its uniqueness as a legal institution. The school district is peculiar to American law, and it is a peculiarity within American law. General purpose governments—cities and counties—are the local governments controlling schools outside the United States. In the United States itself, these governments control almost all other major local functions. But they do not control education here. Why? Why does American law rely on a separate local government ...


Newsroom: Horwitz On Panhandling Ordinances And The First Amendment 05-26-2017, Roger Williams University School of Law 2017 Roger Williams University

Newsroom: Horwitz On Panhandling Ordinances And The First Amendment 05-26-2017, Roger Williams University School Of Law

Life of the Law School (1993- )

No abstract provided.


One Mortgage: A Model Of Success For Low-Income Homeownership, Clark L. Ziegler, Elliot Schmiedl, Thomas Callahan 2017 Massachusetts Housing Partnership

One Mortgage: A Model Of Success For Low-Income Homeownership, Clark L. Ziegler, Elliot Schmiedl, Thomas Callahan

Boston College Journal of Law & Social Justice

A 1989 report by the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston identified major racial disparities in mortgage lending in the City of Boston that could not be explained by income, credit scores, or other objective underwriting factors. In response, city and state officials, community organizations, and major banking institutions joined together in 1990 to design and launch what is now the Massachusetts ONE Mortgage program. The program is built around a low down payment mortgage loan with discounted interest rates, a state funded loan loss reserve that eliminates the need for mortgage insurance, retention of servicing and credit risk by the ...


The Role Of Federalism In International Law, Edward L. Rubin 2017 Vanderbilt University

The Role Of Federalism In International Law, Edward L. Rubin

Boston College International and Comparative Law Review

Because federalism grants partial autonomy to subunits of a nation, it has potentially broad implications for the prevailing system of international law, which is centered around the integrity of nation states. Military intervention in the internal affairs of a nation to protect human rights or combat terrorist activity might be regarded as more justifiable if the people being protected are members of a federalized subunit. Alternatively, foreign nations may feel more justified in establishing trade or cultural relations with a subunit of a nation, over objections by the nation’s government, if the subunit has federalized status. In other words ...


Taxing Marijuana: Earmarking Tax Revenue From Legalized Marijuana, Armikka R. Bryant 2017 Washington State Office of the Attorney General

Taxing Marijuana: Earmarking Tax Revenue From Legalized Marijuana, Armikka R. Bryant

Georgia State University Law Review

This Article provides an overview of the legal, political, and societal landscapes in states that have legalized marijuana and imposed taxes on its sale. The article begins by summarizing the War on Drugs’ origins, its fiscal expenditures, and the social policies that ultimately led to its failure.

Part I briefly details the history of marijuana regulation starting from the early twentieth century up to the Obama administration’s decision to permit recreational marijuana laws to stand in Washington state and Colorado. Part II dives deeper into the social costs of the War on Drugs and outlines the hardships faced by ...


A Promise Unfulfilled: Challenges To Georgia’S Death Penalty Statute Post-Furman, William Cody Newsome 2017 Georgia State University College of Law

A Promise Unfulfilled: Challenges To Georgia’S Death Penalty Statute Post-Furman, William Cody Newsome

Georgia State University Law Review

In Furman v. Georgia, the U.S. Supreme Court agreed with Furman’s counsel. Three Justices agreed that Georgia law, as applied, was arbitrary and potentially discriminatory. Moreover, one Justice challenged the value of the death penalty and doubted it served any of the alleged purposes for which it was employed.

Although many challenges subsequent to Furman have been raised and arguably resolved by the Court, the underlying challenges raised by Furman appear to remain prevalent with the Court. Justice Breyer recently echoed the concurring opinions of Furman in his dissenting opinion from Glossip v. Gross, when he stated: “In ...


Workin’ 9:00–5:00 For Nine Months: Assessing Pregnancy Discrimination Laws In Georgia, Kaitlyn Pettet 2017 Georgia State University College of Law

Workin’ 9:00–5:00 For Nine Months: Assessing Pregnancy Discrimination Laws In Georgia, Kaitlyn Pettet

Georgia State University Law Review

As demonstrated in this Note, there is still a considerable way to go before women are no longer forced to choose between pregnancy and keeping their career. Allegations of pregnancy discrimination in the workplace are also on the rise.

In 1997, 4,000 plaintiffs filed complaints with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). By 2011, that number rose to 5,800. The EEOC won significant damages in pregnancy discrimination cases, demonstrating a greater tendency towards discrimination in the workplace. Additionally, this rise in claims and awards caught the attention of the nation’s media, placing new emphasis on the treatment ...


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