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Full-Text Articles in Property Law and Real Estate

The "Publicization" Of Private Space, Sarah B. Schindler Jan 2018

The "Publicization" Of Private Space, Sarah B. Schindler

Faculty Publications

Recently, many urban areas have moved away from the creation of publicly owned open spaces and toward privately owned public open spaces, or POPOS. These POPOS take many forms: concrete plazas that separate a building from the sidewalk; glass-windowed atriums in downtown office buildings; rooftop terraces and gardens; and grass-covered spaces that appear to be traditional parks. This Article considers the nature of POPOS and examines whether they live up to expectations about the role that public space should play and the value it should provide to communities. This is especially important because in embracing POPOS, cities have made a ...


Of Brutal Murder And Transcendental Sovereignty: The Meaning Of Vested Private Rights, Adam Macleod Dec 2017

Of Brutal Murder And Transcendental Sovereignty: The Meaning Of Vested Private Rights, Adam Macleod

Adam MacLeod

The idea of vested private rights is divisive; it divides those who practice law from those who teach and think about law. On one side of the divide, practicing lawyers act as though (at least some) rights exist and exert binding obligation upon private persons and government officials. On the other side of the divide, scholars of law and jurisprudence have generally proceeded, since at least the rise of English positivism in the nineteenth century and the American legal realist movement in the early twentieth, as if the concept of vested right has little real meaning. This article attempts to ...


United States V. Osage Wind, Llc, Summer Carmack Dec 2017

United States V. Osage Wind, Llc, Summer Carmack

Public Land and Resources Law Review

The Osage Nation, as owner of the beneficial interest in its mineral estate, issues federally-approved leases to persons and entities who wish to conduct mineral development on its lands. After an energy-development company, Osage Wind, leased privately-owned surface lands within Tribal reservation boundaries and began to excavate minerals for purposes of constructing a wind farm, the United States brought suit on the Tribe’s behalf. In the ensuing litigation, the Osage Nation insisted that Osage Wind should have obtained a mineral lease from the Tribe before beginning its work. In its decision, the Tenth Circuit applied one of the Indian ...


Tahoe-Sierra Preservation Council, Inc. V. Tahoe Regional Planning Agency: The Reemergence Of Penn Central And A Healthy Reluctance To Craft Per Se Regulatory Takings Rules, Philip R. Saucier Dec 2017

Tahoe-Sierra Preservation Council, Inc. V. Tahoe Regional Planning Agency: The Reemergence Of Penn Central And A Healthy Reluctance To Craft Per Se Regulatory Takings Rules, Philip R. Saucier

Maine Law Review

In Tahoe-Sierra Preservation Council, Inc. v. Tahoe Regional Planning Agency, the Supreme Court held that a moratorium on development imposed during the process of devising a comprehensive land use plan did not constitute a per se taking of property requiring compensation under the Takings Clause of the United States Constitution. The scope of Tahoe-Sierra, and thus its ultimate impact on Supreme Court takings jurisprudence, had been severely narrowed and redefined by the courts since the landowners first alleged a taking over fifteen years before the issue was ultimately decided by the Supreme Court. It is important to note that this ...


Property Tax: A Primer And A Modest Proposal For Maine, Clifford H. Goodall, Seth A. Goodall Nov 2017

Property Tax: A Primer And A Modest Proposal For Maine, Clifford H. Goodall, Seth A. Goodall

Maine Law Review

Property taxation has been viewed for years as the perfect “dragon to be slain” and by most “as both bad and doomed.” In spite of being one of the most commonly questioned and scrutinized issues by voters and politicians, property taxation survives as the primary revenue source for local governments. Maine's experience is an example of this continuing debate. The 2005 reform attempt by the Legislature known as LD 1 is the most recent example. Municipal over-dependence on the property tax, rising property values, unfunded state mandates, loss of federal revenues, and increased spending has significantly increased the percentage ...


Some Model Amendments To Maine (And Other States') Land Use Control Legislation, Orlando E. Delogu, Sam Merrill, Philip R. Saucier Nov 2017

Some Model Amendments To Maine (And Other States') Land Use Control Legislation, Orlando E. Delogu, Sam Merrill, Philip R. Saucier

Maine Law Review

This model legislation consisting of ten separate provisions is intended to clarify and/or expand existing Maine law dealing with planning and land use regulation. It expands existing statutes by addressing a number of issues not presently covered by law. The overarching purpose of the proposed legislation is to underscore that planning and the imposition of land use regulations is not exclusively the responsibility of local governments but instead is a shared duty of the state and local governments. This is clearly stated in the text and commentary of Provision I, and is a theme that pervades all ten legislative ...


Will Bell V. Town Of Wells Be Eroded With Time?, Sidney St. F. Thaxter Nov 2017

Will Bell V. Town Of Wells Be Eroded With Time?, Sidney St. F. Thaxter

Maine Law Review

In 1989, the Maine Law Court issued a landmark decision regarding the ownership of the land between the mean high-water mark and the mean low-water mark (the intertidal zone) in a case entitled Bell v. Town of Wells.1 This decision was controlled, in part, by the 1986 decision in the same case. Bell I was decided following an appeal by the plaintiff-landowners from the lower court decision dismissing Counts I and II of their Complaint as “barred by sovereign immunity.” The lower court found that “the State has an interest in Moody Beach and in that sense it has ...


Protecting The Public Benefit: Crafting Precedent For Citizen Enforcement Of Conservation Easements, Sean P. Ociepka Nov 2017

Protecting The Public Benefit: Crafting Precedent For Citizen Enforcement Of Conservation Easements, Sean P. Ociepka

Maine Law Review

In fiscal year 2004, Wal-Mart added 139 new discount stores, supercenters, and “neighborhood markets” to its already significant chain of stores across the United States. Wal-Mart developers submit their proposals to governing town bodies all over the country with the promise that the $20 million construction of a 200,000 square foot store will create 500 new jobs for the local economy, will have a payroll of over $12 million, will increase the tax base of the area, and will provide convenient, affordable shopping for consumers. For these reasons, the big box stores are a hard offer for town planners ...


Kelo V. City Of New London-Wrongly Decided And A Missed Opportunity For Principled Line Drawing With Respect To Eminent Domain Takings, Orlando E. Delogu Nov 2017

Kelo V. City Of New London-Wrongly Decided And A Missed Opportunity For Principled Line Drawing With Respect To Eminent Domain Takings, Orlando E. Delogu

Maine Law Review

No eminent domain taking case in the last twenty-five years has excited the level of interest, attention, and debate as has Kelo v. City of New London. The Supreme Court’s decision has not quelled that debate. If anything the stridency, the emotional tenor, of the debate has increased. And in the few months since the decision came down, several dozen states (in the absence of any meaningful federal limitation on what constitutes “public use”) have proposed statutes or constitutional amendments that would limit their exercise of eminent domain (taking) powers. There is even talk of federal legislation to temper ...


Property Transactions That May Jeopardize The Patrimonial Condition Of Public Juridic Persons In The Church, Rev. Jerome L. Jung Nov 2017

Property Transactions That May Jeopardize The Patrimonial Condition Of Public Juridic Persons In The Church, Rev. Jerome L. Jung

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


A Proposal For Establishing Specialized Federal And State "Takings Courts", John Martinez Oct 2017

A Proposal For Establishing Specialized Federal And State "Takings Courts", John Martinez

Maine Law Review

Takings doctrine is a mess. Let's just accept that and establish specialized federal and state "takings courts" to adjudicate takings claims. Takings claims arise when governmental conduct is alleged to detrimentally affect private property. Adjudication of takings claims may initially seem straightforward: the Fifth Amendment's Just Compensation Clause, as well as analogous state constitutional provisions, plainly provide that the government shall not take private property for public use without just compensation. In 1978, the United States Supreme Court confessed that takings analysis is hopelessly ad hoc. Decades later, in 2005, the Court abrogated a test for takings that ...


Weeks V. Krysa: Cultivating The Garden Of Adverse Possession, Marya R. Baron Oct 2017

Weeks V. Krysa: Cultivating The Garden Of Adverse Possession, Marya R. Baron

Maine Law Review

In Weeks v. Krysa, the Maine Supreme Judicial Court, sitting as the Law Court, found that cultivating a garden on a disputed parcel was an “occasional encroachment[],” insufficient to show intent to “displace the owner of the disputed lot or put the owner on notice” of being at risk of adverse possession. Under the traditional common law of adverse possession, cultivation of a garden is one of the hallmarks of an open and notorious use that would put a record owner on notice. However, after Weeks v. Krysa, a question remains as to whether cultivation of a garden will be ...


Church Real Estate Issues, Thomas J. Fadoul Jr. Oct 2017

Church Real Estate Issues, Thomas J. Fadoul Jr.

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Religious Institutes - Property And Tax Issues, Sister Cecilia Meighan Oct 2017

Religious Institutes - Property And Tax Issues, Sister Cecilia Meighan

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


United States V. Gila Valley Irrigation District, Ryan L. Hickey Oct 2017

United States V. Gila Valley Irrigation District, Ryan L. Hickey

Public Land and Resources Law Review

Attempts to alter water use agreements, especially those spanning back decades or even centuries, elicit intense scrutiny from water rights holders. In United States v. Gila Valley Irrigation Dist., the Ninth Circuit upheld application of a 1935 Decree apportioning water among various regional entities, including two Indian tribes, to bar a mineral company from transferring water rights between properties within the Gila River drainage.


Mcgarvey V. Whittredge: Continued Uncertainty In Maine's Intertidal Zone, Benjamin N. Donahue Oct 2017

Mcgarvey V. Whittredge: Continued Uncertainty In Maine's Intertidal Zone, Benjamin N. Donahue

Maine Law Review

In 2008, William McGarvey and Mary Klientop filed a declaratory judgment seeking a determination that their neighbor, Jonathan Bird, had no right to cross their intertidal land to reach the ocean to scuba dive. McGarvey and Kleintop own property that borders Passamaquoddy Bay in the Town of Eastport. As owners of oceanfront property in Maine, their title extends through the intertidal zone to low water mark in fee simple. The intertidal land they own also stretches in front of Bird’s property, bordering his property just below the high water mark. This configuration creates a strip that separates Jonathon Bird ...


Maine's Foreclosure Mediation Program: What Should Constitute A Good Faith Effort To Mediate?, Jesse D. Stewart Oct 2017

Maine's Foreclosure Mediation Program: What Should Constitute A Good Faith Effort To Mediate?, Jesse D. Stewart

Maine Law Review

The collapse of the housing bubble and subsequent financial downturn of 2008 unleashed a flood of foreclosure filings in the Maine courts, threatening the fundamental aspiration of homeownership for many Maine residents. This Comment examines the significant steps Maine has taken to address increased foreclosure filings through the implementation of a foreclosure mediation program and offers concrete suggestions to further improve the program.


God's Green Earth? The Environmental Impacts Of Religious Land Use, Kellen Zale Oct 2017

God's Green Earth? The Environmental Impacts Of Religious Land Use, Kellen Zale

Maine Law Review

Boulder County, Colorado has been at the forefront of the environmental movement for decades. Starting with its citizens’ vote in 1967 to implement a tax specifically to preserve open space, the city has long been known for its progressive environmental policies. At the center of Boulder’s environmental protection efforts is a comprehensive system of land use regulations designed to mitigate the slow chokehold of ever-encroaching development on wetlands and open space, on groundwater and soils, and on wildlife and native species. Numerous communities across the country have followed Boulder’s much-praised model and enacted their own environmental zoning laws ...


Leverage: State Enforcement Actions In The Wake Of The Robo-Sign Scandal, Raymond H. Brescia Oct 2017

Leverage: State Enforcement Actions In The Wake Of The Robo-Sign Scandal, Raymond H. Brescia

Maine Law Review

In the fall of 2010, the revelations that tens of thousands of foreclosure filings across the nation were likely fraudulent—if not outright criminal—sparked a nation-wide investigation by all fifty state attorneys general to assess the extent of the scandal and its potential impacts, but also to consider likely legal and policy responses to such behavior. One of the tools at the state attorneys general’s disposal that might rein in this behavior includes each state’s Unfair and Deceptive Acts and Practices (UDAP) laws. Such laws typically prohibit “unfair” and “deceptive” practices, which are described loosely in these ...


Not Losing The Forest For The Trees: Distinguishing Conservation Transfer Fees From Other Private Transfer Fees, Frank C. Aiello Oct 2017

Not Losing The Forest For The Trees: Distinguishing Conservation Transfer Fees From Other Private Transfer Fees, Frank C. Aiello

Maine Law Review

Private transfer fee covenants against real property are increasingly under fire from Congress, federal regulators, and state legislatures. This fire has been fueled by strong advocacy from the National Association of Realtors. It will only be a matter of time before private transfer fees will also be challenged in state courts as not meeting the common law requirements for a servitude. As these bodies take aim at the private transfer fee, they literally must not lose sight of the forest for the trees. A private transfer fee that benefits conservation and environmental stewardship is consistent with the traditional use of ...


The Total Takings Myth, Lynn E. Blais Oct 2017

The Total Takings Myth, Lynn E. Blais

Fordham Law Review

For almost thirty-five years, the U.S. Supreme Court has attempted to carve out a total takings doctrine within its regulatory takings jurisprudence. Most regulatory takings claims are evaluated under the “ad hoc” threefactor test first articulated in Penn Central Transportation Co. v. City of New York. Exceedingly few of these claims are successful. But the Court has identified certain categories of government actions that are compensable takings per se, otherwise known as total takings. This began in 1982 with Loretto v. Teleprompter Manhattan CATV Corp., where the Court held that a land use ordinance requiring a landowner to endure ...


Transactional Real Estate Law: From Contract To Closing, Jacqueline A. Revis, Ronald Brown Sep 2017

Transactional Real Estate Law: From Contract To Closing, Jacqueline A. Revis, Ronald Brown

Law Center Plus Seminar Series

This particular seminar is designed to educate attorneys about how to process a real estate transaction from contract to closing, focusing on the current rules and regulations for financed transactions.

  • How to competently act as a closing agent for a real estate transaction in Florida
  • Review requirements of a title agent
  • Discuss difference between being only a title agent and the additional role representing a particular party (buyer or seller)
  • Understanding the new closing disclosure form and the difference between a buyer closing disclosure and a seller closing disclosure
  • Handling special challenges that arise in the context of real estate ...


Property And Contracts In Church Law, Reverend Jordan Hite Sep 2017

Property And Contracts In Church Law, Reverend Jordan Hite

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Murr V. Wisconsin, Nathan A. Burke Sep 2017

Murr V. Wisconsin, Nathan A. Burke

Public Land and Resources Law Review

In Murr v. Wisconsin, the Court redefined how to determine private property for a regulatory taking under the Fifth Amendment. Previously, courts have primarily relied on state property principles to determine the relevant unit of property for a regulatory takings claim. However, in this case, the Court adopted a three-factor standard to determine the landowner’s reasonable expectations regarding the treatment of their property. By relying on these factors rather than only on state laws, the Court created a litigation-specific definition of property that could potentially differ from state property boundaries. The three-factor standard may also give the government an ...


Real Property E-Conveyances And E-Recordings: The Solution Or Cause Of Mortgage Fraud, Spencer Hale Sep 2017

Real Property E-Conveyances And E-Recordings: The Solution Or Cause Of Mortgage Fraud, Spencer Hale

Oklahoma Journal of Law and Technology

No abstract provided.


Re-Zoning The Sharing Economy: Municipal Authority To Regulate Short-Term Rentals Of Real Property, Cory Scanlon Sep 2017

Re-Zoning The Sharing Economy: Municipal Authority To Regulate Short-Term Rentals Of Real Property, Cory Scanlon

SMU Law Review

No abstract provided.


Property Plus Inv.’S, Llc V. Mortg. Elec. Registration Sys., Inc., 133 Nev. Adv. Op. 62 (Sept. 14, 2017), Margaret Higgins Sep 2017

Property Plus Inv.’S, Llc V. Mortg. Elec. Registration Sys., Inc., 133 Nev. Adv. Op. 62 (Sept. 14, 2017), Margaret Higgins

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court determined that: (1) under NRS 116.3116 (The HOA Lien Statute), an HOA’s assertion and subsequent rescission of a superpriority lien does not preclude the HOA from asserting new, separate superpriority liens based on unpaid assessments accruing after the rescission of the previous superpriority lien; and (2) superpriority liens survive Chapter 7 bankruptcy discharge.


Facklam V. Hsbc Bank Usa, 126 Nev. Adv. Op. 65 (September 14, 2017), Ellsie Lucero Sep 2017

Facklam V. Hsbc Bank Usa, 126 Nev. Adv. Op. 65 (September 14, 2017), Ellsie Lucero

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court held that NRS 11.190(1)(b)’s statute of limitations does not apply to nonjudicial foreclosures because it is not a judicial action.


Diocesan Real Estate Transactions - Canon And Civil Law Implications, Bernard C. Huger, Huger & Cramer St. Louis, Missouri Sep 2017

Diocesan Real Estate Transactions - Canon And Civil Law Implications, Bernard C. Huger, Huger & Cramer St. Louis, Missouri

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


An Empirical Study Of Property Divisions At Divorce, Margaret Ryznar Sep 2017

An Empirical Study Of Property Divisions At Divorce, Margaret Ryznar

Pace Law Review

Much has been written about family law and how to fairly divide property between divorcing spouses. Without a good understanding of what courts are doing in the field, however, there is no baseline for theoretical frameworks. This Article fills the void by analyzing all divorce cases involving children that were filed in one county over several months. The resulting empirical data has implications for the meaning of fairness in divorce, the role of judicial discretion, and the incentives for contracting by couples. This Article also examines the underlying law in order to explore the correlation between the family law code ...