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Tax-Deductible Conservation Easements And The Essential Perpetuity Requirements, Nancy McLaughlin 2017 S.J. Quinney College of Law, University of Utah

Tax-Deductible Conservation Easements And The Essential Perpetuity Requirements, Nancy Mclaughlin

Utah Law Faculty Scholarship

Property owners who make charitable gifts of perpetual conservation easements are eligible to claim federal charitable income tax deductions. Through this tax-incentive program the public is investing billions of dollars in easements encumbering millions of acres nationwide. In response to reports of abuse in the early 2000s, the Internal Revenue Service (Service) began auditing and litigating questionable easement donation transactions, and the resulting case law reveals significant failures to comply with the deduction’s requirements. Recently, the Service has come under fire for enforcing the deduction’s “perpetuity” requirements, which are intended to ensure that the easements will protect the ...


Does The Endowment Effect Prevail When Traders Act Strategically?, Stephan Tontrup 2017 NYU School of Law

Does The Endowment Effect Prevail When Traders Act Strategically?, Stephan Tontrup

New York University Law and Economics Working Papers

Trading is more than a personal valuation of own property. Traders try to anticipate the WTP potential buyers have for the good they want to sell. They do not focus on the value the entitlement has for them, their personal valuation is only a reservation price.

The law analyzes the Endowment Effect because it wants to protect gains from trade; most economic and psychological Endowment Effect studies by contrast are concerned with a dif-ferent question: They test theories of preference formation; unlike in trading behavior they focus the participants on their entitlement to demonstrate that valuation depends on owner-ship and ...


Cuestiones Prácticas Derivadas Del Derecho De Retención Del Poseedor En Materia De Mejoras, Marco Andrei Torres Maldonado 2017 Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos

Cuestiones Prácticas Derivadas Del Derecho De Retención Del Poseedor En Materia De Mejoras, Marco Andrei Torres Maldonado

Marco Andrei Torres Maldonado

En función de un caso concreto relativo a la devolución de las mejoras, el autor explica la naturaleza y los presupuestos del derecho de retención, como son la conexión entre el bien y el crédito contraído, así como la posesión inmediata del objeto sobre el cual se ejerce este derecho. En tal sentido, afirma que para que el acreedor hipotecario pueda hacerse con el inmueble sometido a retención por parte del acreedor del deudor hipotecario, en virtud de mejoras realizadas, tan solo bastará que el acreedor hipotecario pague el valor de estas al retenedor de la cosa.


Environmental Control: Guide Or Roadblock To Land Development - A Symposium - Introduction, Donald W. Dowd 2017 Selected Works

Environmental Control: Guide Or Roadblock To Land Development - A Symposium - Introduction, Donald W. Dowd

Donald W. Dowd

No abstract provided.


Nationstar Mortg. V. Sfr Invs. Pool 1, 133 Nev. Adv. Op. 34 (June 22, 2017), Elise Conlin 2017 University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- William S. Boyd School of Law

Nationstar Mortg. V. Sfr Invs. Pool 1, 133 Nev. Adv. Op. 34 (June 22, 2017), Elise Conlin

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court held that a servicer of a loan that is owned by a regulated entity does have standing to raise claims on behalf of the Federal Housing Finance Agency. If a party argues that federal law preempts state law when a case is properly before the court, then the court has authority to determine that issue.


Public Resource Ownership And Community Engagement In A Modern Energy Landscape, Samantha Hepburn 2017 Centre for Energy and Natural Resources Law, Deakin Law School, Australia

Public Resource Ownership And Community Engagement In A Modern Energy Landscape, Samantha Hepburn

Pace Environmental Law Review

The onshore resource conflicts that have erupted in the Eastern states of Australia highlight the deep need for axiomatic structural change in public resource ownership frameworks. Much of the conflict that has arisen stems from the failure of the state, as owner, to give proper regard to the social and environmental concerns relevant to the expansion of onshore resource development. The underlying rationale for vesting resources in the state is to ensure they are managed for the benefit of the community as a whole. The implied sumption is that public benefit obligations are met through state administration because this is ...


Section 1983 Litigation: Supreme Court Review, Erwin Chemerinsky, Martin A. Schwartz 2017 Touro Law Center

Section 1983 Litigation: Supreme Court Review, Erwin Chemerinsky, Martin A. Schwartz

Erwin Chemerinsky

No abstract provided.


Procedural Due Process Claims, Erwin Chemerinsky 2017 Selected Works

Procedural Due Process Claims, Erwin Chemerinsky

Erwin Chemerinsky

No abstract provided.


Federalism Cases In The October 2004 Term, Erwin Chemerinsky 2017 Touro Law School

Federalism Cases In The October 2004 Term, Erwin Chemerinsky

Erwin Chemerinsky

No abstract provided.


Iliescu V. Steppan, 133 Nev. Adv. Op. 25 (May 25, 2017), Yolanda Carapia 2017 University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- William S. Boyd School of Law

Iliescu V. Steppan, 133 Nev. Adv. Op. 25 (May 25, 2017), Yolanda Carapia

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The NRS 108.245(1) actual notice exception does not apply to offsite work and services when no onsite work has been performed on the property.


Waiting For Homeownership: Assessing The Future Of Homeownership, Jonathan Spader, Christopher Herbert 2017 Joint Center on Housing Studies of Harvard University

Waiting For Homeownership: Assessing The Future Of Homeownership, Jonathan Spader, Christopher Herbert

Boston College Journal of Law & Social Justice

The decade-long decline in the homeownership rate in the United States has generated substantial discussion over its future path. In the face of continued uncertainty, this Article seeks to assess what we know and do not know about the sources of the decline and the likely trajectory of the homeownership rate in coming years. The analyses use the Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC) of the Current Population Survey for 1985 to 2015 to examine the determinants of changes in the homeownership rate, using shift-share analyses to measure the extent to which changing demographics explain the observed changes. The results ...


Quantifying The Tightness Of Mortgage Credit And Assessing Policy Actions, Laurie S. Goodman 2017 Urban Institute

Quantifying The Tightness Of Mortgage Credit And Assessing Policy Actions, Laurie S. Goodman

Boston College Journal of Law & Social Justice

This Article quantifies the dramatic tightening of mortgage credit that has occurred in the post-crisis period. It then describes the policy actions to loosen the credit box taken to date by both the government sponsored enterprises (GSEs) and their regulator, the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA), as well as those taken by the Federal Housing Administration (FHA), concluding the FHA still has some important actions it has yet to undertake. Finally, the consequences of tight credit are discussed: namely, a lower home ownership rate, particularly among minorities, leaving many unable to access what has historically been the single most powerful ...


Expanding The Mortgage Credit Box: Lessons From The Community Advantage Program, Roberto G. Quercia, Sarah Riley 2017 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Expanding The Mortgage Credit Box: Lessons From The Community Advantage Program, Roberto G. Quercia, Sarah Riley

Boston College Journal of Law & Social Justice

The Great Recession has raised concerns about the promotion of homeownership to low- and moderate-income families. The subprime credit boom of the early 2000s was replaced with an overall credit retrenchment. The reforms to the housing finance system, begun with the passage of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, remain incomplete given the uncertain future of the Federal National Mortgage Association (“Fannie Mae”) and the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (“Freddie Mac”). In light of this uncertainty, can or should homeownership continue to be supported, and if so, in what way? In this paper, we examine one ...


One Mortgage: A Model Of Success For Low-Income Homeownership, Clark L. Ziegler, Elliot Schmiedl, Thomas Callahan 2017 Massachusetts Housing Partnership

One Mortgage: A Model Of Success For Low-Income Homeownership, Clark L. Ziegler, Elliot Schmiedl, Thomas Callahan

Boston College Journal of Law & Social Justice

A 1989 report by the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston identified major racial disparities in mortgage lending in the City of Boston that could not be explained by income, credit scores, or other objective underwriting factors. In response, city and state officials, community organizations, and major banking institutions joined together in 1990 to design and launch what is now the Massachusetts ONE Mortgage program. The program is built around a low down payment mortgage loan with discounted interest rates, a state funded loan loss reserve that eliminates the need for mortgage insurance, retention of servicing and credit risk by the ...


The Housing Market Cannot Fully Recover Without A Robust Rental Policy, Michael A. Stegman 2017 Bipartisan Policy Center

The Housing Market Cannot Fully Recover Without A Robust Rental Policy, Michael A. Stegman

Boston College Journal of Law & Social Justice

There is no one explanation for why access to mortgage credit remains so tight this far into the housing recovery, nor is there a consensus on why our national homeownership rate has fallen to a fifty-year low, but one thing is clear: the homeownership and rental markets are two sides of the same coin. As such, policymakers must understand that pressures and problems in one have implications for the other. As we disentangle and address the interwoven causes of our credit access and homeownership challenges, we do have a set of affordable rental policies and programs, proven effective and informed ...


Discussion Of Papers On Cyclicality In Mortgage Markets, Edward J. Kane 2017 Boston College

Discussion Of Papers On Cyclicality In Mortgage Markets, Edward J. Kane

Boston College Journal of Law & Social Justice

The mortgage market can be portrayed as a complicated machine that processes information and disinformation to help lenders and would-be homeowners to fashion an enforceable and fair set of mutual obligations. The papers in this symposium issue focus on ameliorating cyclical speed-ups and slowdowns in the lender-operated parts of this machine. My discussion focuses on two issues: (1) how transitioning to a gig economy is changing household needs for owner-occupied and rental homes across different age groups; and (2) how to use the legal system to lessen the informational disadvantage that would-be homeowners face in understanding the deals they are ...


Why Cyclicality Matters To Access To Mortgage Credit, Patricia A. McCoy, Susan M. Wachter 2017 Boston College Law School

Why Cyclicality Matters To Access To Mortgage Credit, Patricia A. Mccoy, Susan M. Wachter

Boston College Journal of Law & Social Justice

Virtually no attention has been paid to the problem of cyclicality in debates over access to mortgage credit, despite its importance as a driver of tight credit. Housing markets are prone to booms accompanied by bubbles in mortgage credit in which lenders cut underwriting standards, leading to elevated loan defaults. During downturns, these cycles artificially impede access to mortgage credit for underserved communities. During upswings, these cycles make homeownership unnecessarily precarious for many who attain it. This volatility exacerbates wealth and income disparities by ethnicity and race. The boom-bust cycle must be addressed in order to assure healthy and sustainable ...


Earthquakes In The Oilpatch: The Regulatory And Legal Issues Arising Out Of Oil And Gas Operation Induced Seismicity, Monika U. Ehrman 2017 University of Oklahoma College of Law

Earthquakes In The Oilpatch: The Regulatory And Legal Issues Arising Out Of Oil And Gas Operation Induced Seismicity, Monika U. Ehrman

Georgia State University Law Review

This article reviews the scientific theories and studies regarding induced seismicity, in addition to examining the current regulatory framework and litigation arising out of these seismic events. Lastly, it provides strategies to aid stakeholders and identifies challenges likely to arise in the future.

Part I of this Article provides a review of the geoscience theories regarding natural and induced seismicity. Part II reviews the current scientific literature regarding a possible relationship between certain oil and gas operations and induced seismicity. Part III reviews the existing regulatory structure addressing seismicity in affected states, including possible applicable environmental legislation. Part IV discusses ...


Foreword, Patricia A. McCoy 2017 Boston College Law School

Foreword, Patricia A. Mccoy

Boston College Journal of Law & Social Justice

In the wake of the financial crisis, mortgage lending to lower-income and minority borrowers overcorrected and has not recovered. Although homeownership is a riskier investment than previously realized, still it remains a proven path to increased wealth on balance for lower-income households. There are a number of reasonable reforms that could achieve greater access to credit while containing default risk. These include strategies to reduce down payments safely and to keep monthly payments manageable, combined with fixed-rate loans. Prepurchase counseling is important to preparing applicants for the financial demands of homeownership and strengthening their credit histories, while rapid foreclosure prevention ...


Mortgage Supply Chain Failure And Innovation, Lisa Davis 2017 Pembrook Capital Management LLC

Mortgage Supply Chain Failure And Innovation, Lisa Davis

Boston College Journal of Law & Social Justice

The standard mortgage supply chain is so costly and inefficient that large national banks have dramatically scaled back their provision of mortgages to low- and moderate-income households. Absent regulatory requirements, subsidy, improvement in the way the mortgage supply chain works, or maybe all three, low- and moderate-income households will continue to be underserved by those banks with the largest share of the mortgage market. A number of factors contribute to this problem, including expensive marketing costs and commissions, as well as the obsolete, paper-based technology for loan production. Arguably, the national banking system has never excelled at providing fairly priced ...


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