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The Key Factors Of Combat Uniforms That Contribute To Increasing Casualties In Modern Warfare, Michaela M. Judy 2017 Michaela Marie Judy

The Key Factors Of Combat Uniforms That Contribute To Increasing Casualties In Modern Warfare, Michaela M. Judy

Undergraduate Research Symposium

Introduction

Combat uniforms are meant to protect our troops from the dangers they face on the battlefield. While there is gear designed specifically to protect service members from bullets, these pieces have not been designed with recent combat environments in mind. After conducting several interviews, with veterans and current soldiers, the recommendations suggested to me were to create a uniform that was more durable and breathable. Soldiers were more concerned about these areas of the uniform the most.

Method

I analyzed the casualty statistics, which allowed me to understand what caused the most injuries on the battlefield, and that the ...


The Limits Of Inviolability: The Parameters For Protection Of United Nations Facilities During Armed Conflict, Laurie R. Blank 2017 Emory University School of Law

The Limits Of Inviolability: The Parameters For Protection Of United Nations Facilities During Armed Conflict, Laurie R. Blank

International Law Studies

This article examines the international legal protections for United Nations humanitarian assistance and other civilian facilities during armed conflict, including under general international law, setting forth the immunities of the United Nations, and the law of armed conflict (LOAC), the relevant legal framework during wartime. Recent conflicts highlight three primary issues: (1) collateral damage to UN facilities as a consequence of strikes on military objectives nearby and military operations in the immediate vicinity; (2) the misuse of UN facilities for military purposes; and (3) direct attacks on fighters, weapons or other equipment that cause damage to such facilities. To identify ...


Detention By Armed Groups Under International Law, Andrew Clapham 2017 Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies

Detention By Armed Groups Under International Law, Andrew Clapham

International Law Studies

Does international law entitle armed groups to detain people? And what obligations are imposed on such non-state actors when they do detain? This article sets out suggested obligations for armed groups related to the right to challenge the basis for any detention and considers some related issues of fair trial and punishment. The last part of this article briefly considers the legal framework governing state responsibility and individual criminal responsibility for those that assist armed groups that detain people in ways that violate international law.


False Rubicons, Moral Panic, & Conceptual Cul-De-Sacs: Critiquing & Reframing The Call To Ban Lethal Autonomous Weapons, Chris Jenks 2017 Pepperdine University

False Rubicons, Moral Panic, & Conceptual Cul-De-Sacs: Critiquing & Reframing The Call To Ban Lethal Autonomous Weapons, Chris Jenks

Pepperdine Law Review

By casting into the indeterminate future and projecting visions of so-called killer robots, The Campaign to Stop Killer Robots (The Campaign) has incited moral panic in an attempt to stimulate a discussion—and ultimately a ban—on lethal autonomous weapons (LAWS). The real concern is the weapon systems’ ability to select and engage targets without human intervention. However, weapons systems that perform these functions have already been employed internationally since 1980 and The Campaign has been unable to specify which of the current systems its proposed ban should include. This article explains autonomy in general and as applied to weapons ...


Newsroom: Manning Lead Counsel On Commutation 01-17-2017, Roger Williams University School of Law 2017 Roger Williams University

Newsroom: Manning Lead Counsel On Commutation 01-17-2017, Roger Williams University School Of Law

Life of the Law School (1993- )

No abstract provided.


Newsroom: Nbc News: Coombs On Chelsea Manning 01-13-2017, Roger Williams University School of Law 2017 Roger Williams University

Newsroom: Nbc News: Coombs On Chelsea Manning 01-13-2017, Roger Williams University School Of Law

Life of the Law School (1993- )

No abstract provided.


The Role Of Colonialism And Neo-Colonialism In Shaping Anti-Terrorism Law In Comparative And International Perspectives: Case Studies Of Egypt And Tunisia, Fatemah Alzubairi 2017 Osgoode Hall Law School of York University

The Role Of Colonialism And Neo-Colonialism In Shaping Anti-Terrorism Law In Comparative And International Perspectives: Case Studies Of Egypt And Tunisia, Fatemah Alzubairi

PhD Dissertations

Contemporary anti-terrorism legislation has raised concerns about the global evolution of law and crime control. National and global anti-terrorism frameworks include broad definitions of terrorist crimes and exceptional measures, which risk violating the rule of law and criminal justice. While these frameworks have been broadened since 9/11, the experience of the Arab world shows that wide sweeping anti-terrorism frameworks existed well before this time. This dissertation investigates the origin of current anti-terrorism laws and measures, arguing that colonialism and neo-colonialism contributed to the shaping of counter-terrorism law and policy in two case studies: Egypt and Tunisia. The investigation considers ...


Realizing An Opportunity: Limiting The Power Of The Executive In The Iraqi Constitution, Cory Kopitzke 2017 Indiana University Maurer School of Law

Realizing An Opportunity: Limiting The Power Of The Executive In The Iraqi Constitution, Cory Kopitzke

Indiana Journal of Constitutional Design

In the summer of 2015, Iraqi citizens took to the streets in protest. After going without essential services, such as electricity, in the sweltering heat and after enduring corruption that undermined Iraqi forces battling the Islamic State, these citizens called for meaningful changes in the management of the Iraqi government and for the fulfillment of “democratic aspirations” enshrined in the Iraqi Constitution. In response to these protests, Iraqi Prime Minister, Haider al-Abadi, proposed sweeping reform measures to combat the decisive divides in the current administration. These reforms called for drastic change—including the elimination of the vice-president and deputy prime ...


International Criminal Law: A View From The Trenches – The Accidental Jurist, Brenda J. Hollis 2017 Residual Special Court for Sierra Leone

International Criminal Law: A View From The Trenches – The Accidental Jurist, Brenda J. Hollis

Washington University Global Studies Law Review

In creating the Yugoslav and Rwanda Tribunals, the UN Security Council used its power under Chapter 7. Why did it do that? Why did it act to create the international tribunals to investigate and try the crimes of genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity? Perhaps it acted for self-serving reasons. Perhaps it acted for altruistic reasons. Perhaps it acted because it saw these crimes as the cause of regional instability – as sowing the seeds for future atrocities and future unrest. Perhaps it acted because of the international outcry against the crimes that were being committed – or because of the ...


The War On Terror: And The Erosion Of The Democratic Imaginary, Maximilian Randall Perkins 2017 Bard College

The War On Terror: And The Erosion Of The Democratic Imaginary, Maximilian Randall Perkins

Senior Projects Spring 2017

Senior Project submitted to The Division of Social Studies of Bard College.


The European Union And The Outer Space Treaty: Will The Twain Ever Meet?, Frans G. von der Dunk 2017 University of Nebraska College of Law

The European Union And The Outer Space Treaty: Will The Twain Ever Meet?, Frans G. Von Der Dunk

Space, Cyber, and Telecommunications Law Program Faculty Publications

In spite of the envisaged Brexit and other crises and problems currently threatening the European Union (EU), that half-way house between a group of cooperating states and a single quasi-federal union of states remains an important player in today’s world, also – at least from a bird’s eye view – in terms of outer space. Its member states Germany and France have the largest space budgets of all European states (discounting the Russian Federation as a European state), and the European flagship projects Galileo and Copernicus, with the European Commission on behalf of the Union in the driver’s seat ...


The Second African National Space Law: The Nigerian Nasrda Act And The Draft Regulations On Licensing And Supervision, Frans G. von der Dunk 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The Second African National Space Law: The Nigerian Nasrda Act And The Draft Regulations On Licensing And Supervision, Frans G. Von Der Dunk

Space, Cyber, and Telecommunications Law Program Faculty Publications

The number of countries with more or less comprehensive national space legislation addressing in particular the authorization and supervision of private space activities continues to grow, and several more countries are currently in the process of adding themselves to that list. One of the more recent and most interesting ones among them is Nigeria, as the second African country after South Africa and—after Brazil—the second leading spacefaring nation from the developing world, to draft, further to a fairly recently established succinct framework law, a set of regulations addressing precisely those issues.

The paper briefly recaps the underlying international ...


The Karadžić Genocide Conviction: Inferences, Intent, And The Necessity To Redefine Genocide, Milena Sterio 2017 Cleveland-Marshall College of Law, Cleveland State University

The Karadžić Genocide Conviction: Inferences, Intent, And The Necessity To Redefine Genocide, Milena Sterio

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

This Article first discusses and analyzes the Genocide Convention and its strict definition of genocide and the "intent" requirement. It then focuses on the evolution of this definition in light of the recent Karadžić case. This Article demonstrates that in modern-day conflicts, the finding of genocidal intent may be an impossible task for the prosecution and that the ICTY Trial Chamber’s method of inferring intent based on knowledge and other indirect factors may be the only way that prosecutors will be able to obtain future genocide convictions. This Article then discusses a possible re-drafting and re-conceptualizing of the genocide ...


Legal Strategies For Defending The Combat Veteran In Criminalcourt, Brockton D. Hunter, Ryan Christian Else 2017 Mitchell Hamline School of Law

Legal Strategies For Defending The Combat Veteran In Criminalcourt, Brockton D. Hunter, Ryan Christian Else

Mitchell Hamline Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Practitioner’S Guide To Due Process Issues In Veteranstreatment Courts, Evan C. Tsai 2017 Mitchell Hamline School of Law

The Practitioner’S Guide To Due Process Issues In Veteranstreatment Courts, Evan C. Tsai

Mitchell Hamline Law Review

No abstract provided.


Reasonable Interpretation, Unreasonable Results? Howmandated Government Set-Asides For Veteran-Ownedbusinesses Is A Win-Loss Proposition—Kingdomwaretechnologies, Inc. V. United States, Benjamin M. Kline 2017 Mitchell Hamline School of Law

Reasonable Interpretation, Unreasonable Results? Howmandated Government Set-Asides For Veteran-Ownedbusinesses Is A Win-Loss Proposition—Kingdomwaretechnologies, Inc. V. United States, Benjamin M. Kline

Mitchell Hamline Law Review

No abstract provided.


Individual Criminal Responsibility For The Destruction Of Religious And Historic Buildings: The Al Mahdi Case, Milena Sterio 2017 Cleveland-Marshall College of Law, Cleveland State University

Individual Criminal Responsibility For The Destruction Of Religious And Historic Buildings: The Al Mahdi Case, Milena Sterio

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

Ahmad Al Faqi Al Mahdi, also known as Abou Tourab, was a member of the radical Islamic group Ansar Eddine, serving as one of four commanders during its brutal occupation of Timbuktu in 2012. The International Criminal Court (ICC) indicted Al Mahdi on several charges of war crimes for intentional attacks against ten religious and historic buildings and monuments. All the buildings that Al Mahdi was charged with attacking had been under UNESCO protection and most had been listed as world heritage sites.

The case against Al Mahdi at the ICC unfolded relatively quickly and efficiently, from the official Malian ...


The Strategic Challenges Of Urban Warfare, Christian Aditya Niksch 2017 University of Denver

The Strategic Challenges Of Urban Warfare, Christian Aditya Niksch

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

With urbanization on the rise, policymakers cannot ignore urban conflicts. In the aftermath of the Cold War, several scholars were of the opinion that primitive modes of fighting, such as close combat, would cease to be used. However, as urban spaces have increasingly become battlefields in the 21st century, there has been a retrogression to a brutal and bloody mode of fighting. This return of primitivism affects the tactics that the military can use in urban warfare, which makes it a daunting strategic challenge. A combined focus on policy, strategy, and operations is necessary to improve thinking about how exactly ...


What Investigative Resources Does The International Criminal Court Need To Succeed?: A Gravity-Based Approach, 16 Wash. U. Global Stud. L. Rev. 1 (2017), Stuart Ford 2017 John Marshall Law School

What Investigative Resources Does The International Criminal Court Need To Succeed?: A Gravity-Based Approach, 16 Wash. U. Global Stud. L. Rev. 1 (2017), Stuart Ford

Faculty Scholarship

There is an ongoing debate about what resources the International Criminal Court (ICC) needs to be successful. On one side of this debate are many of the Court’s largest funders, including France, Germany, Britain, Italy, and Japan. They have repeatedly opposed efforts to increase the Court’s resources even as its workload has increased dramatically in recent years. On the other side of the debate is the Court itself and many of the Court’s supporters within civil society. They have taken the position that it is underfunded and does not have sufficient resources to succeed. This debate has ...


The Minnesota Stand Down Model: Bringing Stand Down Courtsto Rural Communities, Sara Sommarstrom 2017 Mitchell Hamline School of Law

The Minnesota Stand Down Model: Bringing Stand Down Courtsto Rural Communities, Sara Sommarstrom

Mitchell Hamline Law Review

No abstract provided.


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