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The “Fowl” Practice Of Humane Labeling: Proposed Amendments To Federal Standards Governing Chicken Welfare And Poultry Labeling Practices, LaTravia Smith 2018 American University Washington College of Law

The “Fowl” Practice Of Humane Labeling: Proposed Amendments To Federal Standards Governing Chicken Welfare And Poultry Labeling Practices, Latravia Smith

Sustainable Development Law & Policy

Chickens raised specifically for meat production are the world’s most intensively farmed land animals. Yet, the existing legal frameworks that regulate the production and labeling of poultry products in the United States allow poultry producers to mistreat chickens, falsely distinguish poultry products, and defraud conscious consumers. This article proposes unique opportunities to improve poultry welfare in the United States’ agricultural industry and offers methods to ensure the accurate labeling of poultry products.


Cafos: Plaguing North Carolina Communities Of Color, Christine Ball-Blakely 2018 American University Washington College of Law

Cafos: Plaguing North Carolina Communities Of Color, Christine Ball-Blakely

Sustainable Development Law & Policy

No abstract provided.


About Sdlp, 2018 American University Washington College of Law

About Sdlp

Sustainable Development Law & Policy

No abstract provided.


Editor's Note, Luke Trompeter, Ingrid Lesemann 2018 American University Washington College of Law

Editor's Note, Luke Trompeter, Ingrid Lesemann

Sustainable Development Law & Policy

No abstract provided.


Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr 2018 Iowa State University

Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


After Repeal Of The “Small Partnership” In 2015, What Next?, Neil E. Harl 2018 Iowa State University

After Repeal Of The “Small Partnership” In 2015, What Next?, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

After a shocking and unannounced repeal of the “small partnership” provision in late 2015, as part of the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015,1 which was enacted as part of the Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility of 1982, the stunned users of that part of the 1982 Act began to raise questions. When does it go into effect? Will I end up with partnership status? Will I have a choice on what I can shift to? Will that shift be automatic or will it be an election? In the 27 months which have elapsed since enactment, not one word has ...


Gmos, International Law And Indigenous Peoples, Casandia Bellevue 2018 Elisabeth Haub School of Law at Pace University

Gmos, International Law And Indigenous Peoples, Casandia Bellevue

Pace International Law Review

This Article sprung from a desire to discover why—despite scientific uncertainty and the oft-cited precautionary principle in international law—genetically modified organisms are still allowed to spread via international trade and natural ecological cycles. While exploring this topic, it did not take long to come across the environmental justice impacts of genetically modified crops, and their particularly disparate impact upon indigenous peoples across the globe. Not only are GMOs threatening biodiversity and our planet, but also the very existence and cultural foundations of many indigenous groups.

This Article seeks to answer the following questions: What are the international agreements ...


Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr 2018 Iowa State University

Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


The “Gallenstein” Rule: Slowly Slipping Away, Neil E. Harl 2018 Iowa State University

The “Gallenstein” Rule: Slowly Slipping Away, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

Most legal rules exist until the rule is repealed, the rule comes to the end of its stated term or is held to be unconstitutional. But one, the so-called “Gallenstein” Rule, which has been in existence only for 26 years, is slowly slipping into oblivion. That rule, the indirect product of the 1976 amendment of joint tenancy rules,1 did not emerge until 1991 when the case of Gallenstein v. United States was decided by the Federal District Court of the Eastern District of Kentucky and the case was later affirmed by the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals.2


Covariant Risk And Nutrient Credit Training, Brian Sawers 2018 University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law

Covariant Risk And Nutrient Credit Training, Brian Sawers

Maryland Law Review Online

Every summer, a dead zone is created in the Chesapeake Bay. The dead zone is created by too much of a good thing: nutrients, especially nitrogen and phosphorus. The largest source of excess nutrients in the Chesapeake is agriculture; manure and artificial fertilizers are washed into streams that eventually reach the bay. In the bay, nitrogen and phosphorus create an algae bloom, which consumes all the dissolved oxygen. Some fish escape, but other creatures expire in this dead sea within the Chesapeake Bay.

To reduce the excess nutrients reaching the bay, several states are experimenting with nutrient credit trading. A ...


Remaking Making: Integrating Self-Replicating Technologies With The Exhaustion Doctrine, Adanna Uwazurike 2018 Boston College Law School

Remaking Making: Integrating Self-Replicating Technologies With The Exhaustion Doctrine, Adanna Uwazurike

Boston College Law Review

Self-replicating technologies such as genetically modified organisms have unquestionably improved the farming industry. In order to ensure continued innovation in this area, the law has increasingly established protections for this technology. Although the exhaustion doctrine serves as a limit to a patent holder’s rights, the application of the current patent infringement regime may be over-inclusive as self-replicating technologies continue to advance. This Note identifies Bowman v. Monsanto as a recent example of how self-replicating patented products could lead to blanket infringement liability, including for innocent infringers. This Note recommends that the definition of “making” be redefined to include only ...


Points To Watch With Revocable Trusts, Neil E. Harl 2018 Iowa State University

Points To Watch With Revocable Trusts, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

Revocable trusts go by several names – living trusts, inter vivos trusts, revocable trusts, grantor trusts – but regardless of name, the trusts bearing any of the names are basically the same, although such trusts should be read with care because the language used in the trust may affect the ultimate disposition of the property held in the trust. With such a trust, the grantor creates the trust by executing a trust agreement and ordinarily funds the trust by transferring property to the trust during the life of the grantor.


Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr 2018 Iowa State University

Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Tax Cut And Jobs Act, Neil E. Harl, Charles F. Curtiss 2018 Iowa State University

Tax Cut And Jobs Act, Neil E. Harl, Charles F. Curtiss

Agricultural Law Digest

Periodically, the Federal Government schedules a systematic view of issues confronting the country. The latest was concluded in late December 2017. The event was identified as focusing on “Tax Cuts and Jobs Act.” In this issue we focus on a range of issues and the results of tax rates and other important concerns.


Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr 2018 Iowa State University

Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Mediating Farm Nuisance: Comparing New Jersey, Missouri, And Iowa Right To Farm Laws And How They Utilize Mediation Techniques, Gina Moroni 2018 University of Missouri School of Law

Mediating Farm Nuisance: Comparing New Jersey, Missouri, And Iowa Right To Farm Laws And How They Utilize Mediation Techniques, Gina Moroni

Journal of Dispute Resolution

Is it a right to farm, or a right to be a bad neighbor? The ability to sue a neighbor who farms claiming nuisance is largely dependent on each state’s right to farm law. Just because there is a nuisance claim that can be filed in court does not necessarily mean the complaint should be heard in court. Instead, mediation can be a low cost, confidential, and even binding alternative which helps parties resolve their disputes in creative ways. Section II of this Comment examines what right to farm laws do, the agricultural dynamics that led to the creation ...


A Prescription To Remedy Global Agricultural Antibiotic Resistance: An Integrated Approach, Valerie Drake 2018 University of Iowa

A Prescription To Remedy Global Agricultural Antibiotic Resistance: An Integrated Approach, Valerie Drake

University of Iowa Honors Theses

This study focuses on determining an effective public health policy strategy to address agricultural antibiotic resistance. The research examines domestic and international examples of governmental regulation, including the Food and Drug Administration’s regulatory release, Guidance for Industry #213 (FDA GFI #213), which concerns the use of antibiotics in industrial livestock farming in the United States, and the contrasting Danish policy and surveillance techniques. To determine the effectiveness of voluntary measures, this research assesses motivations leading to the creation of FDA GFI #213 by referencing specific legal disclaimers, document audience, and enforcement methods. Taking these results, the study cross-examines the ...


Modeling Canopy Effect In The Great Lakes Cladophora Model, Ankita Bakshi 2018 Michigan Technological University

Modeling Canopy Effect In The Great Lakes Cladophora Model, Ankita Bakshi

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Cladophora glomerata is a filamentous green alga native to the Great Lakes. However, its nuisance growth in phosphorus rich waters negatively affects the lakes’ aesthetic and water quality. The Great Lakes Cladophora Model (GLCM) v1, developed in 1982, was the first mechanistic model to simulate Cladophora growth basing phosphorus availability and environmental conditions followed by Cladophora Growth Model and GLCM v2. In this study, the light and temperature mediation factors for Cladophora net growth are revised as a necessary step prior to the development of a self-shading algorithm. The concept of a fixed-value, maximum achievable biomass (carrying capacity) employed in ...


Agriculture And Res Ipsa Loquitur, Chad G. Marzen 2018 University of Oklahoma College of Law

Agriculture And Res Ipsa Loquitur, Chad G. Marzen

Oklahoma Law Review

No abstract provided.


Feeding The Eco-Consumer, Alexia Brunet Marks 2018 University of Colorado Law School

Feeding The Eco-Consumer, Alexia Brunet Marks

Articles

There is a lot of talk about making our food system more “sustainable,” and eco-consumers — those who consider environmental sustainability as an important purchasing priority — are making themselves heard. This growing consumer segment is rapidly gaining national attention for moving more sustainable products to the market, and for its willingness to pay more for these options. However, while economists normally predict that higher prices lead profit-minded suppliers to enter a market to meet a new and growing demand, this transition is not occurring at the pace one would expect.

This Article argues that land tenure status — whether a farmer rents ...


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