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All The News That’S Worth The Risk: Improving Protection For Freelance Journalists In War Zones, Lindsay R. Grossman 2017 Boston College Law School

All The News That’S Worth The Risk: Improving Protection For Freelance Journalists In War Zones, Lindsay R. Grossman

Boston College International and Comparative Law Review

Although war journalism has existed for centuries, changes in the nature of armed conflict and its coverage have put the danger for modern journalists at an all time high. The traditional war correspondent has been replaced in recent years by the independent freelance journalist. While the former receives the full protection and financial backing of his respective news organization and the American military, the latter works on his own, often living in dangerous war zones with little or no training, insurance, or equipment. This new mode of journalism has proved especially dangerous in the current conflict in Syria, where terrorist ...


Integrating Indigenous Rights Into Multilateral Environmental Agreements: The International Whaling Commission And Aboriginal Subsistence Whaling, Chris Wold 2017 Lewis & Clark Law School

Integrating Indigenous Rights Into Multilateral Environmental Agreements: The International Whaling Commission And Aboriginal Subsistence Whaling, Chris Wold

Boston College International and Comparative Law Review

Although the international community has addressed whether environmental harm violates human rights norms, only recently has it asked whether international organizations must implement those norms. That changed when Greenland posited that the International Whaling Commission (IWC) has a duty to implement aboriginal subsistence whaling (ASW) in light of customary international human rights norms, including the rights to cultural identity and resources. This article explains why international organizations have an obligation to implement customary international human rights law. Implementation, however, may be challenging because the content of some rights is not clear. In addition, these rights are not absolute. Actions may ...


Hastening Harmonization In European Union Patent Law Through A Preliminary Reference Power, Joseph Kenneth Yarsky 2017 Boston College Law School

Hastening Harmonization In European Union Patent Law Through A Preliminary Reference Power, Joseph Kenneth Yarsky

Boston College International and Comparative Law Review

The European Union has struggled for decades to establish a streamlined method of uniform patent protection. Its current solution involves both a European Patent of Unitary Effect and the implementation of the Unified Patent Court to adjudicate patent claims. The current proposal, however, does not eliminate the two other routes to patent protection that currently exist: national patent grants and classical European patents. The existence of three possible routes to patent protection could lead to increased fragmentation in the way patents are interpreted across the European Union. Creating a more unified system entails both ensuring that the substantive patent law ...


A Long-Awaited Reboot: The Fifa Scandal And Its Repercussions For Football’S Governing Body, Matthew B. DiCenso 2017 Boston College Law School

A Long-Awaited Reboot: The Fifa Scandal And Its Repercussions For Football’S Governing Body, Matthew B. Dicenso

Boston College International and Comparative Law Review

On May 21, 2015, Swiss authorities raided the annual congressional meeting of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association, ultimately arresting seven FIFA executives on charges of corruption. The product of a three-year Federal Bureau of Investigation case, the Swiss raid and accompanying Department of Justice indictment was the first step in addressing what authorities describe as enduring and systemic corruption within football’s governing body. In addition to casting a shadow over the world’s most beloved sport, the FIFA scandal highlighted the international organization’s lack of accountability and, most notably, its dire need for change. Although the February ...


Unsafe Harbor: The European Union's Demand For Heightened Data Privacy Standards In Schrems V. Irish Data Protection Commissioner, Christina Lam 2017 Boston College Law School

Unsafe Harbor: The European Union's Demand For Heightened Data Privacy Standards In Schrems V. Irish Data Protection Commissioner, Christina Lam

Boston College International and Comparative Law Review

In 1995, the European Union adopted the Data Protection Directive to govern the processing, use, and exchange of personal data. The United States refused to enact similar legislation, consequently jeopardizing ongoing and future data transfers with the European Union. To prevent economic catastrophe, the United States negotiated with the European Union to reach the Safe Harbor Agreement and, on July 26, 2000, the European Commission formally recognized the agreement as compliant with the Data Protection Directive in its Safe Harbor Decision. In 2013, U.S. data protection standards were once again placed under the microscope when Edward Snowden leaked information ...


Parochial Procedure, Maggie Gardner 2017 Cornell Law School

Parochial Procedure, Maggie Gardner

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

The federal courts are often accused of being too parochial, favoring U.S. parties over foreigners and U.S. law over relevant foreign or international law. According to what this Article terms the “parochial critique,” the courts’ U.S.-centrism generates unnecessary friction with allies, regulatory conflict, and access-to-justice gaps. This parochialism is assumed to reflect the preferences of individual judges: persuade judges to like international law and transnational cases better, the standard story goes, and the courts will reach more cosmopolitan results.

This Article challenges that assumption. I argue instead that parochial doctrines can develop even in the absence ...


The “Right To Remain Here” As An Evolving Component Of Global Refugee Protection: Current Initiatives And Critical Questions, Daniel Kanstroom 2017 Boston College Law School

The “Right To Remain Here” As An Evolving Component Of Global Refugee Protection: Current Initiatives And Critical Questions, Daniel Kanstroom

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.


The Unsung Virtues Of Global Forum Shopping, Pamela K. Bookman 2017 Temple University Beasley School of Law

The Unsung Virtues Of Global Forum Shopping, Pamela K. Bookman

Notre Dame Law Review

Forum shopping gets a bad name. This is even more true in the context of transnational litigation. The term is associated with unprincipled gamesmanship and undeserved victories. Courts therefore often seek to thwart the practice. But in recent years, exaggerated perceptions of the “evils” of forum shopping among courts in different countries have led U.S. courts to impose high barriers to global forum shopping. These extreme measures prevent global forum shopping from serving three unappreciated functions: protecting access to justice, promoting private regulatory enforcement, and fostering legal reform.

This Article challenges common perceptions about global forum shopping that have ...


Fading Extraterritoriality And Isolationism? Developments In The United States, Austen L. Parrish 2017 Indiana University Maurer School of Law

Fading Extraterritoriality And Isolationism? Developments In The United States, Austen L. Parrish

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies

Having the opportunity to deliver the twelfth Snyder Lecture is a privilege in part because of the distinguished scholars who have given the lecture in the past. It is also a privilege because of Earl Snyder himself. Earl was visionary in supporting these cross-Atlantic intellectual exchanges and ahead of his time in appreciating the value of studying transnationalism in its many forms. Today, in that tradition, my aim is to give you a sense of how the procedural rules of international civil litigation are developing and changing in the United States, and how those developments in turn affect more traditional ...


Conference Of Soviet And American Jurists On The Law Of The Sea And The Protection Of The Marine Environment, Milton Katz, Richard R. Baxter, O. V. Bogdanov, William E. Butler, Thomas M. Franck, Richard Frank, P. P. Gureev, John L. Hargrove, L. A. Ivanaschenko, Y. Kasmin, V. A. Kiselev, B. M. Klimenko, H. G. Knight, O. S. Kolbasov, A. L. Kolodkin, V. M. Koretsky, F. N. Kovalev, V. N. Kudrjavtsev, B. A. Kuvshinnikov, M. I. Lazarev, A. L. Makovsky, Charles W. Maynes, P. A. Moiseev, John N. Moore, A. P. Movchan, T. M. Starzhina, Robert E. Stein, Grigory I. Tunkin, E. T. Usenko, A. F. Vysotsky, A. K. Zhudro 2017 Harvard University

Conference Of Soviet And American Jurists On The Law Of The Sea And The Protection Of The Marine Environment, Milton Katz, Richard R. Baxter, O. V. Bogdanov, William E. Butler, Thomas M. Franck, Richard Frank, P. P. Gureev, John L. Hargrove, L. A. Ivanaschenko, Y. Kasmin, V. A. Kiselev, B. M. Klimenko, H. G. Knight, O. S. Kolbasov, A. L. Kolodkin, V. M. Koretsky, F. N. Kovalev, V. N. Kudrjavtsev, B. A. Kuvshinnikov, M. I. Lazarev, A. L. Makovsky, Charles W. Maynes, P. A. Moiseev, John N. Moore, A. P. Movchan, T. M. Starzhina, Robert E. Stein, Grigory I. Tunkin, E. T. Usenko, A. F. Vysotsky, A. K. Zhudro

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

Included in the papers for the Conference of Soviet and American Jurists on the Law of the Sea and the Protection of the Marine Environment:

Introduction by Milton Katz and Richard R. Baxter, p. 1

Freedom of Scientific Research in the World Ocean by A.F. Vysotsky, p. 7

The International Law of Scientific Research in the Oceans by Richard R. Baxter, p. 27

Responsibility and Liability for Harm to the Marine Environment by Robert E. Stein, p. 41

Liability for Marine Environment Pollution Damage in Contemporary International Sea Law by A. L. Makovsky, p. 59

Protection of the Marine ...


A Relational Feminist Approach To Conflict Of Laws, Roxana Banu 2017 Fordham Law School

A Relational Feminist Approach To Conflict Of Laws, Roxana Banu

Michigan Journal of Gender and Law

Feminist writers have long engaged in critiques of private law. Surrogacy contracts or the “reasonable man” standard in torts, for example, have long been the subjects of thorough feminist analysis and critique. When private law issues touch on more than one jurisdiction, Conflict of Laws is the doctrine that determines which jurisdiction can try the case and—as separate questions—which jurisdiction’s law should apply and under what conditions a foreign judgment can be recognized and enforced. Yet, there are virtually no feminist perspectives on Conflict of Laws (also known as Private International Law). This is still more surprising ...


What Investigative Resources Does The International Criminal Court Need To Succeed?: A Gravity-Based Approach, 16 Wash. U. Global Stud. L. Rev. 1 (2017), Stuart Ford 2017 John Marshall Law School

What Investigative Resources Does The International Criminal Court Need To Succeed?: A Gravity-Based Approach, 16 Wash. U. Global Stud. L. Rev. 1 (2017), Stuart Ford

Faculty Scholarship

There is an ongoing debate about what resources the International Criminal Court (ICC) needs to be successful. On one side of this debate are many of the Court’s largest funders, including France, Germany, Britain, Italy, and Japan. They have repeatedly opposed efforts to increase the Court’s resources even as its workload has increased dramatically in recent years. On the other side of the debate is the Court itself and many of the Court’s supporters within civil society. They have taken the position that it is underfunded and does not have sufficient resources to succeed. This debate has ...


Constructivism, Embedded Liberalism And Anti-Dumping Canadian Public Interest Query As Case Study Of Embedded Liberalism, Wissam Aoun 2017 Case Western Reserve University School of Law

Constructivism, Embedded Liberalism And Anti-Dumping Canadian Public Interest Query As Case Study Of Embedded Liberalism, Wissam Aoun

Canada-United States Law Journal

The majority of proposals for international anti-dumping reform focus almost entirely on the relevant economic factors - consumer welfare losses and gains. Therefore, almost all proposals come to the exact same conclusion; in light of the enormous welfare losses suffered by domestic consumers, international anti-dumping law should be repealed in its entirety, or at least replaced by some form of international competition law. However, this analysis views the issue of anti-dumping law through the constructivist lens, and more specifically, the embedded liberalism view of international trade law. From this perspective, economics alone does not grasp the constitutive realities at play in ...


Panel Remarks: Canada, United States And European Union -- Out Of Sync On Trade Agreements? Or Are We Sympatico?, Juscelino Colares 2017 Case Western Reserve University School of Law

Panel Remarks: Canada, United States And European Union -- Out Of Sync On Trade Agreements? Or Are We Sympatico?, Juscelino Colares

Canada-United States Law Journal

The article offers on panel discussion regarding the cooperation of the U.S. and Canada on free trade issues and trade agreements; the expiration of the Softwood Lumber Agreement (SLA); and the status of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) in the U.S. Congress. Topics discussed include impact of interest rates on investment and economic activity, balancing effect of greater capital inflows that comes with trade deficits and concerns over the investor-state dispute settlement.


Finding The Balance Between Price And Protection: Establishing A Surface-To-Air Fire Risk-Reduction Training Policy For Air-Carrier Pilots, Earl W. Burress Jr., Ph.D. 2017 United States Air Force

Finding The Balance Between Price And Protection: Establishing A Surface-To-Air Fire Risk-Reduction Training Policy For Air-Carrier Pilots, Earl W. Burress Jr., Ph.D.

Journal of Aviation/Aerospace Education & Research

Currently, U.S. air carriers do not provide equipment or training necessary to mitigate the risk posed by surface-to-air fire (SAFIRE) threats. These threats consist of self-guided weapons (infrared shoulder-fired surface-to-air missiles), manually-aimed threats (small arms, recoilless grenade launchers, rockets, and light anti-aircraft artillery), and hand-held lasers. Technological solutions to counter infrared shoulder-fired missiles have been explored, but were rejected due to prohibitive equipment and maintenance costs. A lower cost option, providing air-carrier pilots with SAFIRE risk-reduction training, has not been formally addressed by the air-carrier industry or the U.S. federal government. This effort will use a business concept ...


Joint Law-Business Case Study Competition Program, Canada-United States Institute 2017 Case Western Reserve University School of Law

Joint Law-Business Case Study Competition Program, Canada-United States Institute

Canada-United States Law Journal

The article offers information on the Joint Law-Business Case Study Competition organized by Canada-United States Law Institute (CUSLI) with a unique student competition experience that will allow for continued student exchange and participation. It mentions it is an interdisciplinary case study competition that will bring together students from graduate law and business faculties to jointly problem solve. It also mentions incorporation of elements of the law school Moot Court model..


Do Ontario School Boards Have Too Much Statutory Power? A Comparison Of Expropriation And Eminent Domain In Ontario And Michigan, Mario Marrell, Michael Valentin 2017 Case Western Reserve University School of Law

Do Ontario School Boards Have Too Much Statutory Power? A Comparison Of Expropriation And Eminent Domain In Ontario And Michigan, Mario Marrell, Michael Valentin

Canada-United States Law Journal

The authors discuss the comparative law of expropriation, particularly as exercised by school boards in Ontario and Michigan They suggest that the sweeping authority given to governments in Ontario to expropriate land should be reviewed and subjected to a stricter legal standard, possibly through a constitutionalization of a right to private property in Canada, In the United States, the Fifth Amendment protects an individual's right to private property and as such, the government must meet a much stricter standard before it lawfully takes an individual's land. Individuals in the United States who decide to litigate issues of expropriation ...


International Law In A Turbulent World, Lawrence L. Herman 2017 Case Western Reserve University School of Law

International Law In A Turbulent World, Lawrence L. Herman

Canada-United States Law Journal

10th Annual Canada-United States Law Institute Distinguished Lecture by the diplomatic officer at the Canadian Mission to the United Nations, on human rights, climate change and terrorism, and UNCLOS (Law of the Sea Convention)


The Approval Of Waukesha's Diversion Application Under The Great Lakes -St. Lawrence River Basin Water Resources Compact -- Bad Precedent For The Great Lakes, Adriana Forest 2017 Case Western Reserve University School of Law

The Approval Of Waukesha's Diversion Application Under The Great Lakes -St. Lawrence River Basin Water Resources Compact -- Bad Precedent For The Great Lakes, Adriana Forest

Canada-United States Law Journal

This article examines the application of Waukesha, Wisconsin in 2010 for an exception under the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River Basin Water Resources Compact to divert water from Lake Michigan for its municipal water supply ... This article demonstrates that the approval of Waukesha's Diversion Application is of serious concern and sets a dangerous precedent for the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River.


Canada And United States: Campus Sexual Assault Law & Policy Comparative Analysis, Aliza Lopes-Baker, Mathew McDonald 2017 Case Western Reserve University School of Law

Canada And United States: Campus Sexual Assault Law & Policy Comparative Analysis, Aliza Lopes-Baker, Mathew Mcdonald

Canada-United States Law Journal

The article compares law and policy regarding the sexual assault in university campuses in Canada and the U.S., including campus policies which must identify the processes to be followed by administration when responding to, and addressing claims of, sexual assault or violence involving enrolled students, under federal laws, such as Title IX of the 1972 Education Amendments to the Higher Education Act of 1965.


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