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Transfer Pricing And Fin 48: Removing Uncertainty Through The Advanced Pricing Agreement Process, Christopher Capuzzi 2010 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

Transfer Pricing And Fin 48: Removing Uncertainty Through The Advanced Pricing Agreement Process, Christopher Capuzzi

Northwestern Journal of International Law & Business

The increasing globalization of companies is indisputable, and the multinational enterprise offers many heuristic challenges. Among these are jurisdiction-specific taxation and accounting standards and principles. Enterprises often operate without regard to legal entity structures but rather along business lines. While entities may operate without regard to jurisdictional lines, local taxing and accounting regimes are steadfast on ensuring adherence to their respective principles. Chief among these is ensuring that there is a proper allocation of the tax base. The proper allocation of the tax base has long been at the forefront of concerns, so much so that normative transfer pricing principles ...


Credit Vs. Exemption: A Comparative Study Of Double Tax Relief In The United States And Japan, Lawrence Lokken, Yoshimi Kitamura 2010 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

Credit Vs. Exemption: A Comparative Study Of Double Tax Relief In The United States And Japan, Lawrence Lokken, Yoshimi Kitamura

Northwestern Journal of International Law & Business

The overriding issue in international taxation is the problem of double taxation. Under the tax laws of most countries, income may be taxed on the basis of either residence or source. That is, a country may tax residents of the country on worldwide income and may tax nonresidents on income from sources within the country. Thus, if a resident of one country has income from a business activity or investment in another country, the person may be taxed on the income on a residence basis by its home country and on a source basis in the other country. Most countries ...


President's Economic Recovery Advisory Board: Suggested Considerations In Fundamental Reform Of The United States Tax Treatment Of Income From Cross Border Trade And Investment, Robert H. Dilworth 2010 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

President's Economic Recovery Advisory Board: Suggested Considerations In Fundamental Reform Of The United States Tax Treatment Of Income From Cross Border Trade And Investment, Robert H. Dilworth

Northwestern Journal of International Law & Business

The President's Economic Recovery Advisory Board ("PERAB") has as part of its mandated inquiry the reform of the U.S. tax treatment of income from cross border trade and investment. This paper sets forth a short set of recommendations as to tax reform methodology and some substantive proposals. Tax reform should not "start over," or undertake significant changes, without a fairly detailed understanding of what the present regime actually does, or does not do, and identifying the relationship (if any) between the various existing provisions and whatever "the problem" is perceived to be. The present architecture results from the ...


Saving Private Ryan's Tax Refund: Poverty Relief For All Working Poor Military Families, Francine J. Lipman 2010 University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- William S. Boyd School of Law

Saving Private Ryan's Tax Refund: Poverty Relief For All Working Poor Military Families, Francine J. Lipman

Scholarly Works

No abstract provided.


E-Vat: An Electronically Collected Progressive Consumption Tax, Daniel S. Goldberg 2010 University of Maryland School of Law

E-Vat: An Electronically Collected Progressive Consumption Tax, Daniel S. Goldberg

Faculty Scholarship

This report proposes replacing the income tax with an electronic, progressive consumption tax that couples a credit-method VAT (modified for wages) with a progressive wage tax. I have called this proposal e-VAT (a convenient contraction for an electronic value added tax), because it is based on a business-level-credit VAT and can be collected automatically and electronically at the point of sale.

The essential advantage of e-VAT over the Hall-Rabushka flat tax is that e-VAT’s use of a credit VAT as its foundation facilitates automatic and electronic collection of the tax. A credit VAT lends itself to electronic monitoring and ...


At&T Communications Of Maryland V. Comptroller Of The Treasury: Responding To The Call For Judicial Activism And The Creation Of Tax Shelters, Duty D. Greene 2010 University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law

At&T Communications Of Maryland V. Comptroller Of The Treasury: Responding To The Call For Judicial Activism And The Creation Of Tax Shelters, Duty D. Greene

Journal of Business & Technology Law

No abstract provided.


Governing Board Accountability: Competition, Regulation And Accreditation, Judith C. Areen 2010 Georgetown University Law Center

Governing Board Accountability: Competition, Regulation And Accreditation, Judith C. Areen

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

This article examines the three primary ways in which the governing boards of American colleges and universities are held to account: (1) competition; (2) regulation, including state nonprofit corporation laws, tax laws, and licensing laws; and (3) accreditation. It begins by tracing how lay (meaning nonfaculty) governing boards became the dominant form of governance in American higher education. It argues that governing boards provide American institutions of higher education with an exceptional degree of autonomy from state control and that, together with the shared governance approach that gives faculties primary responsibility for academic matters, they have been a vital factor ...


Legislative Entrenchment Rules In The Tax Law, Amandeep S. Grewal 2010 University of Iowa College of Law

Legislative Entrenchment Rules In The Tax Law, Amandeep S. Grewal

College of Law Publications

No abstract provided.


Keep Charity Charitable, Brian Galle 2010 Georgetown University Law Center

Keep Charity Charitable, Brian Galle

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

This Article responds to recent claims, most prominently by Anup Malani, Eric Posner, and Todd Henderson, that much of the work of the charitable sector should be farmed out to for-profit firms. For-profit firms are said to be more efficient because they can offer high-powered incentives to cut costs. I argue, however, that because of the high costs of monitoring and the presence of externalities, low-powered incentives are preferable for firms that produce public goods, as most charities do. Further, allowing some for-profit firms to receive charitable subsidies would raise the cost of producing those goods in government or other ...


Human Capital And Transfer Taxation, Kerry A. Ryan 2010 Saint Louis University School of Law

Human Capital And Transfer Taxation, Kerry A. Ryan

Oklahoma Law Review

No abstract provided.


A Comprehensive Theory Of Deal Structure: Understanding How Transactional Structure Creates Value, Michael S. Knoll, Daniel M. G. Raff 2010 University of Pennsylvania Law School

A Comprehensive Theory Of Deal Structure: Understanding How Transactional Structure Creates Value, Michael S. Knoll, Daniel M. G. Raff

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Is Local Consumer Protection Law A Better Retributive Mechanism Than The Tax System, Brian Galle 2010 Georgetown University Law Center

Is Local Consumer Protection Law A Better Retributive Mechanism Than The Tax System, Brian Galle

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

As Judge Calabresi has argued, preemption decisions are, at their core, a choice about which tier of government should have policy-making authority. In prior work, Mark Seidenfeld and I argued that the choice of whether or not to preempt state law decisions should be based explicitly on "fiscal federalism" considerations. The economic discipline of fiscal federalism attempts to measure the welfare effects of situating a given policy either locally, nationally, or somewhere in between.


Sparks Nugget. State Tax Exemption Of Food Used By Casinos For Comped Meals, Steve Johnson 2010 University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- William S. Boyd School of Law

Sparks Nugget. State Tax Exemption Of Food Used By Casinos For Comped Meals, Steve Johnson

UNLV Gaming Law Journal

In their search for new sources of revenue, states have legalized and sought to tax many kinds of gaming. Forty-eight of the fifty states of the United States permit one or more types of legal gaming. An important technique in casino and some other types of gaming is giving “comps” – complimentary goods or services – to player-customers. A frequent type of comp is free meals on the casino premises or elsewhere. Gaming establishments also often give free meals to their employees.

Comps have been controversial for federal income tax purposes. A recent Nevada case, Sparks Nugget, and related cases illustrate that ...


Taxing Inheritances, Taxing Estates, James R. Hines Jr. 2010 University of Michigan Law School

Taxing Inheritances, Taxing Estates, James R. Hines Jr.

Articles

This Article considers two aspects of converting the U.S. transfer tax system to one in which burdens are imposed on the basis of receipt rather than gift. The first aspect is the economic impact of distinguishing transfer tax liabilities by numbers of children in a family in addition to the total amount of transferred wealth. The second aspect is the nature of the event that triggers tax liability. Taxing on the basis of receipt raises complicated issues about generation-skipping transfers, transfers to trusts, and transfers that involve foreign as well as domestic parties, all of which are potentially influenced ...


Inversions Under Section 7874 Of The Internal Revenue Code: Flawed Legislation, Flawed Guidance, Jefferson P. VanderWolk 2010 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

Inversions Under Section 7874 Of The Internal Revenue Code: Flawed Legislation, Flawed Guidance, Jefferson P. Vanderwolk

Northwestern Journal of International Law & Business

The Obama Administration's international tax proposals would, if enacted, be likely to increase the U.S. tax costs of many multinational groups that are owned by a U.S. entity. One possible response by the managers or owners of such a group would be to restructure the group via an inversion transaction so that the group would have a foreign corporate parent instead of a US parent entity. Inversions were in vogue in the late 1990s and the early years of this decade until Congress passed the American Jobs Creation Act of 2004, adding section 7874 to the Internal ...


Residual-Risk Model For Classifying Business Arrangements, Bradley T. Borden 2010 Brooklyn Law School

Residual-Risk Model For Classifying Business Arrangements, Bradley T. Borden

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Is The United States Tax Court Exempt From Administrative Law Jurisprudence When Acting As A Reviewing Court , Diane L. Fahey 2010 New York Law School

Is The United States Tax Court Exempt From Administrative Law Jurisprudence When Acting As A Reviewing Court , Diane L. Fahey

Cleveland State Law Review

Commentators have argued that the Tax Court should fill in the gaps in its statutory authority for collection due process appeals by turning to traditional administrative law jurisprudence, including the APA, which suggestion the Tax Court has resisted despite the fact that the federal district court did so. The majority of the Tax Court insists that it has never been subject to administrative law jurisprudence or the APA, nor could it be. Most of the courts of appeals that have considered the issue have held that the Tax Court is bound by the APA and traditional administrative law jurisprudence when ...


Avoiding Misuse Of Donor Advised Funds, Michael J. Hussey 2010 Widener University

Avoiding Misuse Of Donor Advised Funds, Michael J. Hussey

Cleveland State Law Review

This Article presents a proposal for further modifying donor advised funds to retain most of their hallmark flexibility and ease of use while drawing them into line with other charitable giving vehicles that put contributed funds to use for active charitable purposes. This Article argues that using individual retirement accounts as an underlying legal model for donor advised funds will address Congress's concerns regarding the appropriateness of the income tax deductions for contributions to donor advised funds while allowing donor advised funds to retain much of their hallmark flexibility and ease of operation.


Where Credit Is Due: Advantages Of The Credit-Invoice Method For A Partial Replacement Vat, Itai Grinberg 2010 Georgetown University Law Center

Where Credit Is Due: Advantages Of The Credit-Invoice Method For A Partial Replacement Vat, Itai Grinberg

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

If a value-added tax (VAT) were chosen to supplement or replace some portion of the revenue from the income tax, a choice would likely be made between the credit-invoice method and the subtraction-method for calculating VAT liability. Credit-invoice method VATs and subtraction-method VATs are, at a conceptual level, very similar taxes. The key substantive difference between most subtraction-method VAT proposals and extant credit-invoice method VATs is that subtraction-method VAT proposals generally do not impose an invoice requirement. The invoice requirement substantially reduces tax avoidance opportunities in the VAT, and also ensures the ability to provide appropriate treatment for exports while ...


Sovereignty, Integration And Tax Avoidance In The European Union: Striking The Proper Balance, Lilian V. Faulhaber 2010 Georgetown University Law Center

Sovereignty, Integration And Tax Avoidance In The European Union: Striking The Proper Balance, Lilian V. Faulhaber

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

As the need to raise revenue becomes more pressing and public opposition to tax avoidance increases, the European Court of Justice has made it more difficult for the twenty-seven Member States of the European Union to prevent tax avoidance and shape fiscal policy. This article introduces the new anti-avoidance doctrine of the European Court of Justice and analyzes it from the perspective of taxpayers, Member States and the European Union legal order as a whole. This doctrine is problematic becasue it has created a legislative vacuum in Europe. No European Union institution has the authority to regulate direct taxation without ...


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