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All Articles in International Humanitarian Law

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The Meaning Of Gravity At The International Criminal Court: A Survey Of Attitudes About The Seriousness Of Mass Atrocities, 24 U.C. Davis J. Int'l L. & Pol'y 209 (2018), Stuart Ford 2018 John Marshall Law School

The Meaning Of Gravity At The International Criminal Court: A Survey Of Attitudes About The Seriousness Of Mass Atrocities, 24 U.C. Davis J. Int'l L. & Pol'y 209 (2018), Stuart Ford

Stuart Ford

Gravity is an enormously important concept at the International Criminal Court (ICC). The word appears nine times in the Rome Statute and is crucial at every stage of the proceedings. It is an important factor in decisions about which situations to investigate, which individuals the court will try, and what sentences to impose on those convicted of violating international criminal law.

Gravity may also be important for the long-term success of the court. The Rome Statute states that the ICC will exercise jurisdiction over “the most serious crimes” that “deeply shock the conscience of humanity.” It also claims that the ...


Re-Victimization And The Asylum Process: Jimenez Ferreira V. Lynch: Re-Assessing The Weight Placed On Credible Fear Interviews In Determining Credibility, Alana Mosley 2018 University of Minnesota Law School

Re-Victimization And The Asylum Process: Jimenez Ferreira V. Lynch: Re-Assessing The Weight Placed On Credible Fear Interviews In Determining Credibility, Alana Mosley

Law & Inequality: A Journal of Theory and Practice

No abstract provided.


New Ebola Outbreak In Africa Is A Major Test For The Who, Lawrence O. Gostin 2018 Georgetown University

New Ebola Outbreak In Africa Is A Major Test For The Who, Lawrence O. Gostin

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

On May 8, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) notified the World Health Organization (WHO) of a confirmed outbreak of Ebola in Bikoro, on the shores of Lake Tumba in Équateur Province. Ebola in the DRC is not unexpected. The first-ever identified Ebola outbreak occurred in the DRC—then Zaire—in 1976. This is the ninth of DRC’s outbreaks, which until now have been confined mainly to rural areas. With high fatality rates, earlier outbreaks quickly burned out due to the natural firewall of remoteness.

Bikoro and a nearby village, Ikoko-Impenge, are rural, but on May 16, the WHO ...


Decriminalization And Expanding Safe Harbor To Adults, Dave Pinto, Rep 2018 University of St. Thomas, Minnesota

Decriminalization And Expanding Safe Harbor To Adults, Dave Pinto, Rep

University of St. Thomas Journal of Law and Public Policy

No abstract provided.


Existence Of International Trafficking Organizations And The Need For Resources Coordination And Leadership, Andrew Luger 2018 University of St. Thomas, Minnesota

Existence Of International Trafficking Organizations And The Need For Resources Coordination And Leadership, Andrew Luger

University of St. Thomas Journal of Law and Public Policy

No abstract provided.


Sex Trafficking And Child Welfare, Jamie Cork 2018 University of St. Thomas, Minnesota

Sex Trafficking And Child Welfare, Jamie Cork

University of St. Thomas Journal of Law and Public Policy

No abstract provided.


Sex Buyers: The "Demand Side" Of Sex Trafficking, Lauren Martin, Ph.D 2018 University of St. Thomas, Minnesota

Sex Buyers: The "Demand Side" Of Sex Trafficking, Lauren Martin, Ph.D

University of St. Thomas Journal of Law and Public Policy

No abstract provided.


Child Sex Tourism And Its Relationship To Global Human Trafficking, Linda Miller 2018 University of St. Thomas, Minnesota

Child Sex Tourism And Its Relationship To Global Human Trafficking, Linda Miller

University of St. Thomas Journal of Law and Public Policy

No abstract provided.


Duty To Render Assistance To Mariners In Distress During Armed Conflict At Sea: A U.S. Perspective, Raul (Pete) Pedrozo 2018 U.S. Naval War College

Duty To Render Assistance To Mariners In Distress During Armed Conflict At Sea: A U.S. Perspective, Raul (Pete) Pedrozo

International Law Studies

In 2017, the International Committee of the Red Cross published an updated Commentary on the Second Geneva Convention. One question left unanswered by the new Commentary is the relationship between international humanitarian law and other international treaties applicable to the maritime domain, such as the U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and treaties adopted by the International Maritime Organization (IMO). The Second Geneva Convention establishes a legal framework for the humane treatment and protection of victims of armed conflict at sea—the wounded, sick and shipwrecked. There are circumstances, however, in which the belligerents do not ...


Prosecuting U.N. Peacekeepers For Sexual And Gender-Based Violence In The Central African Republic, Sophia Genovese 2018 Brooklyn Law School

Prosecuting U.N. Peacekeepers For Sexual And Gender-Based Violence In The Central African Republic, Sophia Genovese

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

Women and children living in armed conflict are amongst the most vulnerable populations at-risk of sexual and gender-based violence. When U.N. peacekeepers arrive to help dispel conflict; these populations believe that the soldiers in blue helmets will protect them. Instead; hundreds of women and children in the Central African Republic have reported being raped and sexually violated by U.N. peacekeepers. Despite compelling evidence to validate these claims; U.N. peacekeepers who commit these crimes are seldom held accountable. This Note discusses how to hold U.N. peacekeepers accountable for their human rights violations. This Note argues that troop-contributing ...


Pull And Push'- Implementing The Complementarity Principle Of The Rome Statute Of The Icc Within The Au: Opportunities And Challenges, Sascha Dominik Dov Bachmann, Eda Luke Nwibo 2018 Brooklyn Law School

Pull And Push'- Implementing The Complementarity Principle Of The Rome Statute Of The Icc Within The Au: Opportunities And Challenges, Sascha Dominik Dov Bachmann, Eda Luke Nwibo

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

The complementarity principle of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC) is an international legal principle that governs the relationship between two; sometimes; contrasting international principles of law; namely sovereign equality of States and the international community’s duty to end impunity for international core crimes. Article 17 of the Rome Statute envisages that States maintain primary jurisdiction to investigate and prosecute international crimes; while the ICC’s jurisdiction to prosecute when States are unwilling or genuinely unable to carry out such investigations or prosecutions constitutes the exception. This article provides an analysis of this principle in the ...


Missing: Where Are The Migrants In Pandemic Influenza Preparedness Plans?, Kolitha Wickramage, Lawrence O. Gostin, Eric A. Friedman, Phusit Prakongsai, Rapeepong Suphanchaimat, Charles Hui, Patrick Duigan, Eliana Barragan, David R. Harper 2018 International Organization for Migration, the United Nations Migration Agency

Missing: Where Are The Migrants In Pandemic Influenza Preparedness Plans?, Kolitha Wickramage, Lawrence O. Gostin, Eric A. Friedman, Phusit Prakongsai, Rapeepong Suphanchaimat, Charles Hui, Patrick Duigan, Eliana Barragan, David R. Harper

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

Influenza pandemics are perennial global health security threats, with novel and seasonal influenza affecting a large proportion of the world’s population, causing enormous economic and social destruction. Novel viruses such as influenza A(H7N9) continue to emerge, posing zoonotic and potential pandemic threats. Many countries have developed pandemic influenza preparedness plans (PIPPs) aimed at guiding actions and investments to respond to such outbreak events.

Migrant and mobile population groups—such as migrant workers, cross-border frontier workers, refugees, asylum seekers, and other non-citizen categories residing within national boundaries—may be disproportionately affected in the event of health emergencies, with irregular ...


The International Legal Implications Of Military Space Operations: Examining The Interplay Between International Humanitarian Law And The Outer Space Legal Regime, Dale Stephens 2018 University of Adelaide Law School

The International Legal Implications Of Military Space Operations: Examining The Interplay Between International Humanitarian Law And The Outer Space Legal Regime, Dale Stephens

International Law Studies

In the contemporary period, many military forces rely heavily on space-based assets to conduct operations across a wide spectrum of contexts. Such reliance necessarily exposes a correlative vulnerability that such assets may be degraded or destroyed, especially in a time of armed conflict. However, the legal framework that governs military action in space during a time of armed conflict is not well explored. This article examines the interaction between International Humanitarian Law (IHL) and the Outer Space legal regime. Harmonization of legal regimes is a goal of any reconciliation project, although such harmonization may not always be readily possible. In ...


The World Bank And The Environment, David A. Wirth 2018 Boston College Law School

The World Bank And The Environment, David A. Wirth

David A. Wirth

No abstract provided.


Armed Conflict-Related Detention Of Particularly Vulnerable Persons: Challenges And Possibilities, Sandesh Sivakumaran 2018 University of Nottingham

Armed Conflict-Related Detention Of Particularly Vulnerable Persons: Challenges And Possibilities, Sandesh Sivakumaran

International Law Studies

Persons detained for reasons related to an armed conflict are in a vulnerable position. Deprived of their liberty, they are at the mercy of their captors. Certain groups of detainees are particularly vulnerable. Additionally, the way in which non-international armed conflicts are fought can make it difficult for some parties to the conflict to comply with the rules benefiting particularly vulnerable detainees. This Article identifies groups of particularly vulnerable detainees and analyzes the general and special protections that are afforded to them under the conventional and customary international law of armed conflict. It then considers the realities of detention in ...


The Syrian Crisis: Violations Of Basic Human Rights And Particularly Children's Rights, Ranee K.L. Panjabi 2018 Memorial University

The Syrian Crisis: Violations Of Basic Human Rights And Particularly Children's Rights, Ranee K.L. Panjabi

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Updated Commentary On The First Geneva Convention--A New Tool For Generating Respect For International Humanitarian Law, Lindsey Cameron, Jean-Marie Henckaerts, Bruno Demeyere, Eve La Haye, Heike Niebergall-Lakner 2018 Legal Division of the International Committee of the Red Cross

The Updated Commentary On The First Geneva Convention--A New Tool For Generating Respect For International Humanitarian Law, Lindsey Cameron, Jean-Marie Henckaerts, Bruno Demeyere, Eve La Haye, Heike Niebergall-Lakner

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

This Article was originally published in 97 Int’l Rev. Red Cross, no. 900, 2015, at 1209– 26. It is reprinted with permission.


Conference On The 2016 Icrc Commentary On The First Geneva Convetion: Afternoon Rapporteur Session Three, Jamie McDowell, Hannah Ponders 2018 University of Georgia School of Law

Conference On The 2016 Icrc Commentary On The First Geneva Convetion: Afternoon Rapporteur Session Three, Jamie Mcdowell, Hannah Ponders

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Conference On The 2016 Icrc Commentary On The First Geneva Convention: Afternoon Rapporteur Session Two, Dana Lohrberg, Ethan Morris 2018 University of Georgia School of Law

Conference On The 2016 Icrc Commentary On The First Geneva Convention: Afternoon Rapporteur Session Two, Dana Lohrberg, Ethan Morris

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Conference On The 2016 Icrc Commentary On The First Geneva Convention: Afternoon Rapporteur Session One, Michael Baker, Nichole Novosel 2018 University of Georgia School of Law

Conference On The 2016 Icrc Commentary On The First Geneva Convention: Afternoon Rapporteur Session One, Michael Baker, Nichole Novosel

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


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