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Individual Levels Of Bias And Immigration Policies In The United States: A Test And Extension Of The Dual Processing Model Of Bias, Lorraine Phillips 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Individual Levels Of Bias And Immigration Policies In The United States: A Test And Extension Of The Dual Processing Model Of Bias, Lorraine Phillips

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The present study was a test and extension of the Dual Process Model of bias on attitudes toward immigrants and immigration policy in the United States. The Dual Process Model predicts that people who score higher on either the Social Dominance Orientation scale or the Right Wing Authoritarian scale will hold more negative attitudes toward immigrants, particularly if immigrants are viewed as a threat. A sample of 315 participants from across the United States was recruited using Amazon’s M Turk site. This study used a combination of attitudinal measures, policy scales, and experimental vignettes. The study found that the ...


The Racialization And Exploitation Of Foreign Workers By The Law, Seiko Ishikawa 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Racialization And Exploitation Of Foreign Workers By The Law, Seiko Ishikawa

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Intense demand for cheap labor in the United States has resulted in a widespread effect of employing high skilled immigrants in STEM fields. Examining how companies use high-skilled visa categories to create a flexible cheaper immigrant workforce, this paper demonstrates that skilled immigrants from Asia are being exploited through neutral skills-based criteria that are de facto racially biased. The purpose of this paper is to raise awareness of how, from the perspective of law and society, skills-based immigration works primarily to benefit the technological industry rather than skilled immigrants.


Immigrants Benefit The Community And Economy, Jenny Minier 2017 University of Kentucky

Immigrants Benefit The Community And Economy, Jenny Minier

Center for Equality and Social Justice Position Papers

Immigration has historically been a defining characteristic of the United States, and it remains one of the country’s most significant economic advantages. Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) was implemented by President Obama to grant temporary legal status to undocumented immigrants who were brought to the U.S. as children, as long as they are enrolled in school or working. Given President Trump’s recent comments about ending the DACA program, Congress must work on a policy solution that will allow the nearly 800,000 “Dreamers” currently enrolled in DACA to remain legally in the U.S. There are ...


The Path Of Most Resistance: Resisting Gang Recruitment As A Political Opinion In Central America’S Join-Or-Die Gang Culture, Ericka Welsh 2017 Pepperdine University

The Path Of Most Resistance: Resisting Gang Recruitment As A Political Opinion In Central America’S Join-Or-Die Gang Culture, Ericka Welsh

Pepperdine Law Review

In recent years, increasing numbers of asylum-seekers from Honduras, Guatemala, and El Salvador crossed into the United States, fleeing gang violence that has driven homicide rates to record levels. These countries, known collectively as the “Northern Triangle,” now make up one of the most violent regions in the world. Transcending petty crime, gangs control entire communities in the Northern Triangle where they operate as de facto governments beyond law enforcement’s control. Gangs practice forced recruitment in these communities, creating a join-or-die gang culture where resisting recruitment is tantamount to opposition. Opposition, in turn, is met with brutal retaliation. The ...


Sexual Violence As An Occupational Hazard & Condition Of Confinement In The Closed Institutional Systems Of The Military And Detention, Hannah Brenner, Kathleen Darcy, Sheryl Kubiak 2017 Pepperdine University

Sexual Violence As An Occupational Hazard & Condition Of Confinement In The Closed Institutional Systems Of The Military And Detention, Hannah Brenner, Kathleen Darcy, Sheryl Kubiak

Pepperdine Law Review

Women in the military are more likely to be raped by other service members than to be killed in combat. Female prisoners internalize rape by corrections officers as an inherent part of their sentence. Immigrants held in detention fearing deportation or other legal action endure rape to avoid compromising their cases. This Article draws parallels among closed institutional systems of prisons, immigration detention, and the military. The closed nature of these systems creates an environment where sexual victimization occurs in isolation, often without knowledge of or intervention by those on the outside, and the internal processes for addressing this victimization ...


Final Cut: The West’S Opportunity To Accommodate Asylee Victims Of Female Genital Mutilation, Patricia N. Jjemba 2017 University of Massachusetts School of Law

Final Cut: The West’S Opportunity To Accommodate Asylee Victims Of Female Genital Mutilation, Patricia N. Jjemba

University of Massachusetts Law Review

In an era where immigration and asylum is at the forefront of many western nationals’ minds, so too should be the reasons behind an individual’s intent to seek refuge in a new country. Statistics have shown that one of the pragmatic reasons women and girls, particularly from Middle Eastern and African nations, seek refuge through western asylum programs is to escape or recover from Female Genital Mutilation (FGM). While the practice has been a longstanding tradition in various communities around the world, modern western governments and international entities have moved to abolish the tradition completely, given its alarming implications ...


Amici Curiae Brief Of Scholars Of Mormon History & Law In Support Of Neither Party, Anna-Rose Mathieson, Nathan B. Oman 2017 William & Mary Law School

Amici Curiae Brief Of Scholars Of Mormon History & Law In Support Of Neither Party, Anna-Rose Mathieson, Nathan B. Oman

Appellate Briefs

No abstract provided.


A Property Rights Approach To Temporary Work Visas, Adam B. Cox, Alessandra Casella 2017 NYU School of Law

A Property Rights Approach To Temporary Work Visas, Adam B. Cox, Alessandra Casella

New York University Law and Economics Working Papers

Temporary labor visa rules in the United States are criticized on three grounds: for failing to allocate visas efficiently, for failing to adequately protect domestic workers, and for exposing migrant workers to exploitation. We argue that it is possible to address all three problems by re-configuring the property rights associated with the visas and carefully designing the mechanism for allocating those rights. Our core insight is to unbundle the two rights that today are typically combined: the firm’s right to employ a foreign worker, and the worker’s right to reside and work in the country during that time ...


Embracing Immigrants Is A Religious Imperative, Christopher R. Fee 2017 Gettysburg College

Embracing Immigrants Is A Religious Imperative, Christopher R. Fee

English Faculty Publications

I’m an English professor, and in leftist intellectual circles it’s often considered somewhat unsophisticated and definitely uncool to argue in favor of traditional religious beliefs. However, as the clerk of a tiny Quaker Meeting in a farming community in rural Pennsylvania, I feel led to do so in the context of the debate about immigration. I would submit that Scripture is explicit in its requirement that we accept and embrace the immigrants in our midst, and note that Leviticus (19:34) makes no mention of legal status. (excerpt)


Refugee Eo Update: The Supreme Court Hands Each Side A Partial Victory, Peter Margulies 2017 Roger Williams University School of Law

Refugee Eo Update: The Supreme Court Hands Each Side A Partial Victory, Peter Margulies

Law Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Refugee Eo: Hawaii’S Response To The Government’S Request For A Stay, Peter Margulies 2017 Roger Williams University

Refugee Eo: Hawaii’S Response To The Government’S Request For A Stay, Peter Margulies

Law Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


The Relationship Between Federal Citizenship And Immigration Policies And The Internationalization Of Higher Education In Canada, Rashed Al-Haque 2017 The University of Western Ontario

The Relationship Between Federal Citizenship And Immigration Policies And The Internationalization Of Higher Education In Canada, Rashed Al-Haque

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Using Actor-Network Theory (ANT) as a way to do Critical Policy Analysis (CPA), this instrumental case study explores the relationships between citizenship and immigration (CI) policies and the internationalization of Canadian higher education. By utilizing a critical-sociomaterial approach, the research exposes actors and actor-networks that are otherwise overlooked in these policy areas. Moreover, this lens underscores the impacts and consequences of policy and how the enrollment and/or exclusion of actors in actor-networks enables certain actors to exert control, power, and primacy over others.

While most research on internationalization identifies the academy as the site for internationalization policy enactment, this ...


Refugee Eo Stay: Ninth Circuit Dismisses Hawaii’S Appeal But Draws A Roadmap For Future Litigation, Peter Margulies 2017 Roger Williams University School of Law

Refugee Eo Stay: Ninth Circuit Dismisses Hawaii’S Appeal But Draws A Roadmap For Future Litigation, Peter Margulies

Law Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Proving Identity, Jonathan Weinberg 2017 Pepperdine University

Proving Identity, Jonathan Weinberg

Pepperdine Law Review

United States law, over the past two hundred years or so, has subjected people whose race rendered them noncitizens or of dubious citizenship to a variety of rules requiring that they carry identification documents at all times. Those laws fill a gap in the policing authority of the state, by connecting the individual’s physical body with information the government has on file about him; they also can entail humiliation and subordination. Accordingly, it is not surprising that U.S. law has almost always imposed these requirements on people outside our circle of citizenship: African Americans in the antebellum South ...


Hawaii Judge Watson Declines To Clarify Scope Of Preliminary Injunction On Executive Order 13,780, Peter Margulies 2017 Roger Williams University School of Law

Hawaii Judge Watson Declines To Clarify Scope Of Preliminary Injunction On Executive Order 13,780, Peter Margulies

Law Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


The Eo Stay: The Government Doubles Down On Excluding Grandparents And Refugees, Peter Margulies 2017 Roger Williams University School of Law

The Eo Stay: The Government Doubles Down On Excluding Grandparents And Refugees, Peter Margulies

Law Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Implementing The Refugee Eo: The State Department Should Consider Refugee Agency Assurances As Bona Fide Relationships, Peter Margulies 2017 Roger Williams University School of Law

Implementing The Refugee Eo: The State Department Should Consider Refugee Agency Assurances As Bona Fide Relationships, Peter Margulies

Law Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


United States V. Texas And Supreme Court Immigration Jurisprudence: A Delineation Of Acceptable Immigration Policy Unilaterally Created By The Executive Branch, Daniel R. Schutrum-Boward 2017 University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law

United States V. Texas And Supreme Court Immigration Jurisprudence: A Delineation Of Acceptable Immigration Policy Unilaterally Created By The Executive Branch, Daniel R. Schutrum-Boward

Maryland Law Review

No abstract provided.


Implementing The Refugee Eo: Add Grandparents, Peter Margulies 2017 Roger Williams University School of Law

Implementing The Refugee Eo: Add Grandparents, Peter Margulies

Law Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Forever Barred: Reinstated Removal Orders And The Right To Seek Asylum, Hillary Gaston Walsh, J.D. 2017 The Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law

Forever Barred: Reinstated Removal Orders And The Right To Seek Asylum, Hillary Gaston Walsh, J.D.

Catholic University Law Review

Amid the largest refugee crisis in history, noncitizens fleeing persecution are routinely barred from applying for asylum in the United States solely because they have a reinstated order of removal. This bar to asylum access is mandated by federal regulation, and it applies indiscriminately—regardless of whether the asylum seeker was persecuted after her initial removal order was entered or whether her initial removal was based on one of the numerous, well-documented errors border patrol officers make when issuing removal orders.

This Article is the first academic piece to examine this regulation's statutory basis, including its legislative history and ...


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