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The Interplay Between Human Rights And Accessibility Laws: Lessons Learned And Considerations For The Planned Federal Accessibility Legislation, Laverne A. Jacobs 2018 University of Windsor, Faculty of Law

The Interplay Between Human Rights And Accessibility Laws: Lessons Learned And Considerations For The Planned Federal Accessibility Legislation, Laverne A. Jacobs

Laverne Jacobs

In this study, the author analyzes, comparatively, the administrative governance functions of legislation that provides accessibility standards in six jurisdictions that also offer legal protection from discrimination to people with disabilities: Australia, the United Kingdom, the United States and the Canadian provinces of Ontario, Manitoba and Nova Scotia. The following governance functions were examined: a) creating accessibility standards, b) enforcing accessibility standards, c) enforcing decisions,d) encouraging compliance, e) raising public awareness (and promoting systemic culture change) and f) public education. The study was conducted with a view to understanding how human rights laws, principles and values can be used ...


Newsroom: Interrogation Expert Warns Against Use Of Torture 2-2-2018, Roger Williams University School of Law 2018 Roger Williams University

Newsroom: Interrogation Expert Warns Against Use Of Torture 2-2-2018, Roger Williams University School Of Law

Life of the Law School (1993- )

No abstract provided.


Sanctuary Campuses: To Be Or Not To Be, That Is The Question, Renei Caballes 2018 Golden Gate University School of Law

Sanctuary Campuses: To Be Or Not To Be, That Is The Question, Renei Caballes

GGU Law Review Blog

In addition to cities affirming their status as sanctuaries to undocumented immigrants, college campuses have also pressured their administrations to declare their campuses sanctuaries in order to combat the President’s attacks on the undocumented members of their student bodies. Despite this pressure, many campuses are reluctant to definitively state whether or not they will be considered a “sanctuary campus” given the potential consequences of such a declaration, namely having their vital federal funding stripped. Further, for institutions that are willing to deem themselves sanctuary campuses, it is unclear just what a sanctuary campus will look like and entail. While ...


Human Rights Abuse And Violations In Nigeria: A Case Study Of The Oil-Producing Communities In The Niger Delta Region, Dr. Ifeanyi I. Onwuazombe 2018 Golden Gate University School of Law

Human Rights Abuse And Violations In Nigeria: A Case Study Of The Oil-Producing Communities In The Niger Delta Region, Dr. Ifeanyi I. Onwuazombe

Annual Survey of International & Comparative Law

Human rights abuses and violations in Nigeria in general and in the oilproducing communities in particular cut across the entire spectrum of rights. The abuses come in different forms and could be direct or indirect. The inhabitants of the Niger Delta region are subjected to regular rights abuses and violations by the state security agents and the oil corporations. The perpetrators of rights violations are hardly or never held accountable or brought to justice due to the myriad of problems besetting the judicial institutions. Besides, there is an apparent lack of trust and confidence in the courts and general apathy ...


Martin Luther King Jr. On Economy, Ecology, And Civilization: Toward A Mlk Jr-Inspired Ecotheology, Theodore Walker 2018 Southern Methodist University

Martin Luther King Jr. On Economy, Ecology, And Civilization: Toward A Mlk Jr-Inspired Ecotheology, Theodore Walker

Perkins Faculty Research and Special Events

This MLK Jr-inspired ecotheology [eco-theology] connects “economics,” “ecology,” and “ecological civilization” to the theological ethics of Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

Though we often remember King primarily as a domestic civil rights leader; attention to King’s book—Where Do We Go from Here: Chaos or Community? (1967) reveals that he advanced a global ethics. King called for replacing recourse to war with nonviolent resistance to evil, and for abolishing poverty throughout “the world house.” He prescribed that we “civilize ourselves by the total, direct and immediate abolition of poverty.” King was concerned with civilizing “the world house” (house ...


Human Rights Protection: The Role Of Institutional Capacity And Selective Adaptation, Pitman B. Potter 2018 Allard School of Law at the University of British Columbia

Human Rights Protection: The Role Of Institutional Capacity And Selective Adaptation, Pitman B. Potter

Faculty Publications

This paper will examine the potential application of selective adaptation and institutional capacity to the understanding of international human rights norms and practices. Enforcement of international human rights norms depends on the capacity of intermediary institutions; that is, their ability to perform their assigned tasks. Institutional performance is in turn contingent on domestic political and socio-economic conditions, and as such, local conditions of rapid socio-economic and political transformation pose particular challenges. The other key concept in this paper, selective adaptation, describes a process by which practices and norms are exchanged across cultural boundaries. The dynamic of selective adaptation can operate ...


Rape And Sexual Violence Used As A Weapon Of War And Genocide, Larissa Peltola 2018 Claremont Colleges

Rape And Sexual Violence Used As A Weapon Of War And Genocide, Larissa Peltola

CMC Senior Theses

Rape and other forms of sexual violence have been used against civilian populations since the advent of armed conflict. However, recent scholarship within the last few decades proves that rape is not a byproduct of war or a result of transgressions by a few “bad apples,” rather, rape and sexual violence are used as strategic, systematic, and calculated tools of war, ethnic cleansing, and genocide. Rape has also been used as a means of preventing future generations of children of “undesirable” groups from being born. Rape and sexual violence are also used with the purpose of intimidating women and their ...


Targeted Capture, Alexander K.A. Greenawalt 2018 Elisabeth Haub School of Law at Pace University

Targeted Capture, Alexander K.A. Greenawalt

Pace Law Faculty Publications

This Article confronts one of the most difficult and contested questions in the debate about targeted killing that has raged in academic and policy circles over the last decade. Suppose that, in wartime, the target of a military strike may readily be neutralized through nonlethal means such as capture. Do the attacking forces have an obligation to pursue that nonlethal alternative? The Article defends the duty to employ less restrictive means (“LRM”) in wartime, and it advances several novel arguments in defense of that obligation. In contrast to those who look to external restraints--such as those imposed by international human ...


Our Heroic Constitution?, Susan Herman 2018 Brooklyn Law School

Our Heroic Constitution?, Susan Herman

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Globalization Without A Safety Net: The Challenge Of Protecting Cross-Border Funding Of Ngos, Lloyd H. Mayer 2018 University of Notre Dame

Globalization Without A Safety Net: The Challenge Of Protecting Cross-Border Funding Of Ngos, Lloyd H. Mayer

Journal Articles

More than 50 countries around the world have sharply increased legal restrictions on both domestic non-governmental organizations (“NGOs”) that receive funding from outside their home country and the foreign NGOs that provide such funding and other support. These restrictions include requiring advance government approval before a domestic NGO can accept cross-border funding, requiring such funding to be routed through government agencies, and prohibiting such funding for NGOs engaged in certain activities. Publicly justified by national security, accountability, and other concerns, these measures often go well beyond what is reasonably supported by such legitimate interests. These restrictions therefore violate international law ...


Human Rights In Times Of Crisis: Article 3 Prevails-Examining How Lgbtq Asylum Seekers In The European Union Are Denied Equal Protection Of Law, Michael A. Witschel 2018 Northeastern University

Human Rights In Times Of Crisis: Article 3 Prevails-Examining How Lgbtq Asylum Seekers In The European Union Are Denied Equal Protection Of Law, Michael A. Witschel

American University International Law Review

No abstract provided.


Dorothy Moser Medlin Papers - Accession 1049, Dorothy Moser Medlin 2018 Winthrop University

Dorothy Moser Medlin Papers - Accession 1049, Dorothy Moser Medlin

Manuscript Collection

(The Dorothy Moser Medlin Papers are currently in processing.)

This collection contains most of the records of Dorothy Medlin’s work and correspondence and also includes reference materials, notes, microfilm, photographic negatives related both to her professional and personal life. Additions include a FLES Handbook, co-authored by Dorothy Medlin and a decorative mirror belonging to Dorothy Medlin.

Major series in this collection include: some original 18th century writings and ephemera and primary source material of André Morellet, extensive collection of secondary material on André Morellet's writings and translations, Winthrop related files, literary manuscripts and notes by Dorothy Medlin (1966-2011 ...


The Aba Rule Of Law Initiative Celebrating 25 Years Of Global Initiatives, M. Margaret McKeown 2018 United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit

The Aba Rule Of Law Initiative Celebrating 25 Years Of Global Initiatives, M. Margaret Mckeown

Michigan Journal of International Law

Relying on extensive reports, program documentation, and interviews with important actors in the rule of law movement, this article will explore how one key player in the international-development field—the ABA—has furthered rule of law values through its global programs. The first half of the article surveys the ABA’s involvement in rule of law initiatives. Part I explores the origins of the ABA’s work in this field, which date back to the organization’s founding and took shape after the demise of the former Soviet Union. Part II surveys the expansion of the ABA’s programs beyond ...


The Indecency And Injustice Of Section 230 Of The Communications Decency Act, Mary Graw Leary 2018 The Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law

The Indecency And Injustice Of Section 230 Of The Communications Decency Act, Mary Graw Leary

Scholarly Articles and Other Contributions

Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act is a 1996 law wholly inadequate to address 21st Century problems. The most egregious example of this is online sex trafficking, which was allowed not only to exist, but also to thrive due, in large part, to §230. This Article examines the development of the jurisprudence regarding online advertising of sex-trafficking victims and juxtaposes the forces that created § 230 with those preventing its timely amendment. This Article argues that, although § 230 was never intended to create a regime of absolute immunity for defendant websites, a perverse interpretation of the non-sex trafficking jurisprudence ...


Religious Organizations As Partners In The Global And Local Fight Against Human Trafficking, Mary Graw Leary 2018 The Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law

Religious Organizations As Partners In The Global And Local Fight Against Human Trafficking, Mary Graw Leary

Scholarly Articles and Other Contributions

This paper explores the role of religious organizations as effective partners in the fight to end modern day slavery. As a crime with both global and local dimensions, trafficking must be combatted with tools that are both global and local. Such tools include the world’s religions and religious organizations. They have been addressing human trafficking for decades, and through their work with the poor, immigrants, and sexually exploited, they possess significant knowledge of the manifestations of this form of exploitation and can be important stakeholders in combating it. The paper concludes by offering several recommendations for how policymakers can ...


Despite Acquittal, Man Assigned Sex Offender Registry Status, Arthur S. Leonard 2018 New York Law School

Despite Acquittal, Man Assigned Sex Offender Registry Status, Arthur S. Leonard

Other Publications

No abstract provided.


Legal Pluralism And The Threat To Human Rights In The New Plurinational State Of Bolivia, James M. Cooper 2018 Professor of Law, Co-Director of the Center for Creative Problem Solving at California Western School of Law

Legal Pluralism And The Threat To Human Rights In The New Plurinational State Of Bolivia, James M. Cooper

Washington University Global Studies Law Review

Bolivia, the chronically poor, landlocked Andean country has long seen its indigenous populations marginalized, languishing in underdevelopment. Spanish colonialists destroyed any vestige of the vibrant, complex civilization that existed in the region – including the religious, political and legal systems in place for centuries. In December 2005, Evo Morales Ayma

was the first elected President of indigenous descent. After leading the changes in the country’s Constitution, Morales continued to rule Bolivia until the writing of this Article. The New Political Constitution of Plurinational State of Bolivia of 2009 and a national law for community justice, signed into law by Morales ...


Refugees And The Right To Freedom Of Movement: From Flight To Return, Marjoleine Zieck 2018 University of Amsterdam

Refugees And The Right To Freedom Of Movement: From Flight To Return, Marjoleine Zieck

Michigan Journal of International Law

This background study focuses on the right to freedom of movement of refugees. It reviews the law pertaining to this freedom from the perspective of the spatial journey of refugees. This focus on the law means that extralegal considerations will not be taken into consideration. The analysis will not proceed from any perceived need for limits that should be accepted as “a product of realism about the strains that migration, especially high-volume migration or sudden influxes, can bring to a society.”


Inclusive Capitalism Based On Binary Economics And Positive International Human Rights In The Age Of Artificial Intelligence, Chris Fleissner 2018 Washington University in St. Louis

Inclusive Capitalism Based On Binary Economics And Positive International Human Rights In The Age Of Artificial Intelligence, Chris Fleissner

Washington University Global Studies Law Review

The degree to which wage labor will sustain purchasing power over the long term has become a subject of renewed scrutiny in the twenty-first century. Decreasing labor share of compensation for economic growth and the development of disruptive automation technologies approaching human-level intelligence have invited inquiries into the institutions, rules, and norms driving the generation and distribution of earnings from labor and capital, the concentration of wealth, and access to opportunities to participate in the global economy.

This Note considers the role of positive human rights in this context through the lens of a paradigm known as inclusive capitalism based ...


Special Feature: Eighth Colloquium On Challenges In International Refugee Law, James C. Hathaway 2018 University of Michigan Law School

Special Feature: Eighth Colloquium On Challenges In International Refugee Law, James C. Hathaway

Michigan Journal of International Law

It is our hope that, as in the case of earlier Michigan Guidelines on the International Protection of Refugees, these unanimously agreed standards will inspire a thoughtful and principled debate among scholars, officials, and judicial and other refugee law decision-makers committed to the legally accurate and contextually sound application of international refugee law norms.


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