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Built For Business: The Commercial Need For Aggregate Litigation, Jack Zarin-Rosenfeld 2023 University of Connecticut

Built For Business: The Commercial Need For Aggregate Litigation, Jack Zarin-Rosenfeld

Connecticut Law Review

Commercial actors long have argued that class actions are bad for business. But for even longer, business groups have supported other types of aggregate litigation that closely resemble class actions, such as expansive federal bankruptcy. While critics have successfully limited national aggregation via class actions, they have not even attempted to criticize aggregation via bankruptcy.

Why have business groups attacked aggregate litigation in some cases and supported it in others? This Article provides an answer by examining aggregation’s origins and development, and what emerges, it turns out, is very much the opposite of what aggregation’s pro-business critics would have us …


Stakeholderism Silo Busting, Aneil Kovvali 2023 Indiana University Maurer School of Law

Stakeholderism Silo Busting, Aneil Kovvali

Articles by Maurer Faculty

The fields of antitrust, bankruptcy, corporate, and securities law are undergoing tumultuous debates. On one side in each field is the dominant view that each field should focus exclusively on a specific constituency—antitrust on consumers, bankruptcy on creditors, corporate law on shareholders, and securities regulation on financial investors. On the other side is a growing insurgency that seeks to broaden the focus to a larger set of stakeholders, including workers, the environment, and political communities. But these conversations have largely proceeded in parallel, with each debate unfolding within the framework and literature of a single field. Studying these debates together …


Sovereign Immunity Tests Bankruptcy’S Least Contested Axioms, Deborah L. Thorne, Luke L. Sperduto 2023 Emory University School of Law

Sovereign Immunity Tests Bankruptcy’S Least Contested Axioms, Deborah L. Thorne, Luke L. Sperduto

Emory Bankruptcy Developments Journal

Section 106 of the Bankruptcy Code expressly abrogates the sovereign immunity of governmental units with respect to fifty-nine other provisions of the Code. There are currently two distinct issues splitting circuit courts over the meaning of this provision. First, does section 106 waive the sovereign immunity of the Internal Revenue Service in avoidance actions brought against it by a bankruptcy trustee under section 544(b)? Second, are Native American Indian Tribes “governmental units” within the meaning of section 101(27), such that their sovereign immunity is abrogated to the extent set forth in section 106? Invoking conventional canons of statutory construction, this …


The Fresh Start Paradox: Economic Disaster Relief Available To Title 11 Debtors, Kellsie Davis Ruane 2023 Emory University School of Law

The Fresh Start Paradox: Economic Disaster Relief Available To Title 11 Debtors, Kellsie Davis Ruane

Emory Bankruptcy Developments Journal

The Small Business Administration (“SBA”) has been providing disaster relief in the form of Economic Injury Disaster Loans (“EIDLs”) since its inception in 1953. In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, the CARES Act charged the SBA with issuing forgivable loans through the Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”) to small businesses which would otherwise face permanent closure. Though the CARES Act did not specifically grant the SBA authority to do so, the SBA interpreted its powers to include the ability to set requirements for loan approval which were not laid out in the Act itself. Specifically, the SBA promulgated a rule …


Teaching Bankruptcy Valuations To Law Students And Other Unnatural Acts, Jack F. Williams 2023 Emory University School of Law

Teaching Bankruptcy Valuations To Law Students And Other Unnatural Acts, Jack F. Williams

Emory Bankruptcy Developments Journal

We often measure that which we can as opposed to that in which we are most interested, and fail to appreciate the difference between the two. Experts may aid a trier of fact in measuring fair market value, fair value, investment value, or some other measure of value; however, courts make determinations with regard to a legal standard, not a financial standard. For example, “fair valuation” may be used for determinations of insolvency or the “fair and equitable” rule may be used for determinations of chapter 11 cramdown plan confirmation disputes. Other measures of value may be used in determining …


Declaring Dankruptcy: Exploring Avenues To Relief For Debtors Involved With Cannabis, Danny O'Connor 2022 University of Cincinnati College of Law

Declaring Dankruptcy: Exploring Avenues To Relief For Debtors Involved With Cannabis, Danny O'Connor

University of Cincinnati Law Review

No abstract provided.


In Re Weinstein Company Holdings Llc: An Overly Systematic Approach To Executory Contracts Limits Much-Needed Flexibility, Thomas Hauk, Andrew Schwartz 2022 Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law

In Re Weinstein Company Holdings Llc: An Overly Systematic Approach To Executory Contracts Limits Much-Needed Flexibility, Thomas Hauk, Andrew Schwartz

Villanova Law Review

No abstract provided.


Penerapan Doktrin Piercing The Corporate Veil Terhadap Negara Pada Holding Badan Usaha Milik Negara, Deny Adi Pratama 2022 Universitas Indonesia

Penerapan Doktrin Piercing The Corporate Veil Terhadap Negara Pada Holding Badan Usaha Milik Negara, Deny Adi Pratama

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

The lack of regulation regarding group company's conception in Indonesia provokes several problems. The policy on establishing holding BUMN in Indonesia only supervised by Government Regulation Number 72 Year 2016 concerning Change of Government Regulation Number 44 Year 2005 regarding Procedure of Participation and Administration Funds upon State-Owned Enterprises and Limited Liability Company. However, the provision which becomes the legal basis underlying BUMN and Limited Liability Company are supervised upon regulation equals to act. Those of which cause a contradiction amongst both provisions of laws and regulation. The rights and obligations along with the country's responsibilities as a public legal …


Pembentukan Holding Company Badan Usaha Milik Negara (Bumn) Di Sektor Infrastruktur Ditinjau Dalam Persaingan Usaha Tidak Sehat, Wiesma Mara Rangga 2022 Universitas Indonesia

Pembentukan Holding Company Badan Usaha Milik Negara (Bumn) Di Sektor Infrastruktur Ditinjau Dalam Persaingan Usaha Tidak Sehat, Wiesma Mara Rangga

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

That a large number of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) in infrastructure has caused competition, especially when competing against one another in participating in the same tender. This is not in line with the synergy plan between SOEs, which is one of the essential pillars. SOEs belonging to similar value chain groups should work together to accelerate economic growth and synergies at various levels through corporate, transaction, and operational restructuring. Optimizing the formation of infrastructure holding can be done through collaboration and synergy between SOE entities, strengthening and increasing the capacity of each holding member, and integrating infrastructure development. However, the plan …


Masuknya Tenaga Pendidik Asing Di Bidang Teknologi Informasi Dalam Rangka Liberalisasi Pendidikan Tinggi Dalam Menjawab Permasalahan Kebutuhan Atas Sumber Daya Manusia Yang Berkualitas Di Era Industri 4.0, Rodeen Chenggaliex 2022 Universitas Indonesia

Masuknya Tenaga Pendidik Asing Di Bidang Teknologi Informasi Dalam Rangka Liberalisasi Pendidikan Tinggi Dalam Menjawab Permasalahan Kebutuhan Atas Sumber Daya Manusia Yang Berkualitas Di Era Industri 4.0, Rodeen Chenggaliex

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Education liberalization has become a hot topic of discussion in Indonesia lately, starting with bringing in foreign higher education leaders to Indonesian universities; in the Industrial 4.0 era, Indonesia still lacks qualified information technology experts to support industry 4.0. Educational sciences in Indonesia are now considered to be still unable to compete with educational sciences abroad. The liberalization of education will undoubtedly have a positive impact on the development of academic science in the development of the Indonesian nation. The problem is this paper focuses on the issue of the low quality of education in the field of information technology …


Perbandingan Sistem Hukum Civil Law Dan Common Law Dalam Penerapan Yurisprudensi Ditinjau Dari Politik Hukum, Praise Juinta W.S. Siregar 2022 Komisi Pemilihan Umum Republik Indonesia

Perbandingan Sistem Hukum Civil Law Dan Common Law Dalam Penerapan Yurisprudensi Ditinjau Dari Politik Hukum, Praise Juinta W.S. Siregar

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

The legal system is related to the concept of law, where the two things have an inseparable relationship with each other. In principle, the legal system regulates the life of a community so that conflicts do not occur, where if the conflict is unavoidable, then the legal system has an important role in resolving the conflict. The legal system in the judiciary has a major influence in the application of the law, especially for judges in examining and deciding a case. The Panel of Judges in deciding a case will definitely pay close attention to the legal system in its …


Kebijakan Countercyclical Sebagai Upaya Kesejahteraan Masyarakat, Made Cinthya Puspita Shara 2022 Universitas Indonesia

Kebijakan Countercyclical Sebagai Upaya Kesejahteraan Masyarakat, Made Cinthya Puspita Shara

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Indonesia's high level of economic growth is in line with the development of businesses that increase capital by making credit agreements with financial institutions. However, the state spread of the co-19 pandemic case has been declared a national disaster, impacting the implementation of credit agreements between the debtor and financial institutions. Economic problems make it difficult for people to carry out their obligations. A countercyclical buffer policy is a buffer that is carried out by providing additional capital to replace losses if excessive credit growth occurs, which has the potential to disrupt financial stability. Bank Indonesia Policy PBI No.17/22/PBI/2015, also …


Pengelolaan Royalti Dari Pencipta Lagu Yang Tidak Terdaftar Di Lembaga Manajemen Kolektif Oleh Lembaga Manajemen Kolektif Nasional, Mohamad Thaufiq Rachman 2022 Universitas Indonesia

Pengelolaan Royalti Dari Pencipta Lagu Yang Tidak Terdaftar Di Lembaga Manajemen Kolektif Oleh Lembaga Manajemen Kolektif Nasional, Mohamad Thaufiq Rachman

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Royalty is a reward received by the author or owner of the related right concerning the utilization of their Economic Rights following Article 1 point 21 of Law No. 28, 2014 regarding Copyright ("UUHC 2014"). Royalty could also be interpreted as a form of appreciation for the Author's Works, such as song and/or music. Encouraging the spirit of industry players, including songwriters, is essential for continuous growth. As mentioned in the general explanation section of UUHC 2014, Copyright is the most important basis of the national creative economy. With the fulfillment of the protection and development of this creative economy, …


Pengakhiran Kontrak Sebelum Terjadi Wanprestasi Oleh Pihak Yang Mengantisipasi Kegagalan Pelaksanaan Kewajiban, M. Hillman Mehaga S 2022 Universitas Indonesia

Pengakhiran Kontrak Sebelum Terjadi Wanprestasi Oleh Pihak Yang Mengantisipasi Kegagalan Pelaksanaan Kewajiban, M. Hillman Mehaga S

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Termination of an agreement/contract in a situation where a party has known that he/she/it will not be able to perform its obligation(s) based on the agreement/contract to avoid the occurrence of the larger losses if the agreement/contract is still ongoing. Under Indonesian civil law, a defaulting party or a party who has anticipated that he/she/it will fail to meet obligation(s) does not have the right to file a claim to terminate an agreement/contract. This means that, this party can only be passive until the default actually happens and wait until the non-defaulting party to file the claim with the claim …


Peranan Perusahaan Penjaminan Dalam Mengatasi Permasalahan Umkm Mengakses Kredit Di Sektor Perbankan (Setelah Berlakunya Undang-Undang Nomor 1 Tahun 2016 Tentang Penjaminan), Luh Putu Prema Shanti Putri Saraswati 2022 Universitas Indonesia

Peranan Perusahaan Penjaminan Dalam Mengatasi Permasalahan Umkm Mengakses Kredit Di Sektor Perbankan (Setelah Berlakunya Undang-Undang Nomor 1 Tahun 2016 Tentang Penjaminan), Luh Putu Prema Shanti Putri Saraswati

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME’s) have an important role in the development of the Indonesian economy. So far, MSME’s are still faced with various kinds of obstacles, one of which is that MSMEs still face problems related to limited access to funding to financial institutions. Limited access to funding to financial institutions is partly due to the limited assets owned by MSME’s to be used as collateral for bank loans. Guarantee is the activity of providing guarantees by the Guarantor for the fulfillment of Guaranteed financial obligations to the Recipient of the Guarantee. Guarantee Company is a legal entity …


Perbandingan Penyelesaian Sengketa Lingkungan Hidup Melalui Mekanisme Gugatan Warga Negara (Citizen Lawsuit) Di Indonesia Dan Amerika Serikat, Listyalaras Nurmedina 2022 Universitas Indonesia

Perbandingan Penyelesaian Sengketa Lingkungan Hidup Melalui Mekanisme Gugatan Warga Negara (Citizen Lawsuit) Di Indonesia Dan Amerika Serikat, Listyalaras Nurmedina

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

A citizen lawsuit is a lawsuit filed by citizens against state officials that cause negligence and cause losses. This negligence is an act against the law (onrechtmatige overhead daad), where the state is ordered to improve its performance and issue a policy for general governing policies (regeling). It is intended to ensure that the negligence that previously occurred will not be repeated. A citizen lawsuit is almost similar to a class action lawsuit because it has the same thing, namely that the lawsuit is filed involving the interests of many people represented by one or more people. The difference is …


Perlindungan Investasi Terhadap Pelaku Usaha Dalam Kegiatan Penanaman Modal Di Bidang Pertambangan (Studi Kasus Pada Pt. Emas Mineral Murni), Liani Hasibuan 2022 Universitas Indonesia

Perlindungan Investasi Terhadap Pelaku Usaha Dalam Kegiatan Penanaman Modal Di Bidang Pertambangan (Studi Kasus Pada Pt. Emas Mineral Murni), Liani Hasibuan

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

The role of law in supporting investment is urgently needed in order to create legal certainty. According to this, this article intended to examine how investment protection is for investors starting businesses in the mining sector. The problems which were discussed in this article are about the granting of Mining Business Permits (IUP) through the system called Online Single Submission (OSS), which is the legality to start mining activities by observing Law No. 25 of 2007 on Capital Investment and Law No. 4 of 2009 on Mineral and Coal Mining. The research of the case, which occurs in the Ruling …


Perspektif Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Perdata Dan Uu Nomor 13 Tahun 2003 Tentang Ketenagakerjaan Terkait Dengan Perlindungan Hukum Terhadap Pengusaha Terhadap Wanprestasi Ikatan Dinas Yang Dilakukan Oleh Pekerja, Lia Amalia 2022 Universitas Indonesia

Perspektif Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Perdata Dan Uu Nomor 13 Tahun 2003 Tentang Ketenagakerjaan Terkait Dengan Perlindungan Hukum Terhadap Pengusaha Terhadap Wanprestasi Ikatan Dinas Yang Dilakukan Oleh Pekerja, Lia Amalia

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Labor issues cannot be separated from the Agreement between the Worker and the Employer, both as the initial Agreement when implementation or an additional Agreement such as the official bond Agreement. Law No.13 of 2003 on Manpower has regulated that every employee who is bound by a contract to work for/ serve the enterprise for a certain period in return for training or education. She/He is not allowed to resign during the term of the official binding Agreement. The legal consequences for violations are fine in the form of money. In this case, Gresik District Court on August 2014 decided …


Status Quo Kewenangan Perusahaan Asuransi Dalam Menerbitkan Produk Penjaminan Pasca Berlaku Efektifnya Undang-Undang No. 1 Tahun 2016 Tentang Penjaminan, Kalih Krisnareindra 2022 Universitas Indonesia

Status Quo Kewenangan Perusahaan Asuransi Dalam Menerbitkan Produk Penjaminan Pasca Berlaku Efektifnya Undang-Undang No. 1 Tahun 2016 Tentang Penjaminan, Kalih Krisnareindra

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Risk is something that is always exist in various type of business. Risk management commonly used the assistance of insurance companies to manage its risk by risk transfer. The current prevailing law allows the insurance industry to develop its products wider than the explicitly defined business lines in the regulation. Historically, the guarantee/surety business has been marketed jointly between insurance companies and guarantee/surety companies. This can be traced through laws and regulations that provide the authority to both type of companies to issue guarantee/surety products. But with the enactment of Law No. 1 of 2016 concerning Guarantees, there is an …


Kegiatan Monopoli Pada Bumn Kepelabuhanan: Studi Terhadap Pelaksanaan Perjanjian Tertutup (Tying Agreement) Oleh Pt Pelabuhan Indonesia Ii (Persero) Pada Area Konsesi Pelabuhan Dalam Perspektif Hukum Persaingan Usaha, Kahfiarsyad Julyan Elevenday 2022 Universitas Indonesia

Kegiatan Monopoli Pada Bumn Kepelabuhanan: Studi Terhadap Pelaksanaan Perjanjian Tertutup (Tying Agreement) Oleh Pt Pelabuhan Indonesia Ii (Persero) Pada Area Konsesi Pelabuhan Dalam Perspektif Hukum Persaingan Usaha, Kahfiarsyad Julyan Elevenday

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

This study aims to find out about how the monopoly activities including how the implementation of a tying agreement conducted by PT Pelabuhan Indonesia II (Persero) as a SOE in the perspective of Competition Law. This study is conducted by analyzing the consideration of judges as stated in the Supreme Court of Republic Indonesia Decision No. 302 K/Pdt. Sus-KPPU/2014 and North Jakarta District Court Decision No. 1/Pdt/KPPU/2015/PN Jkt.Utr. The results of this study indicate that the monopoly activities conducted by PT Pelabuhan Indonesia II (Persero) in its concession area are a monopoly by law as stated in Article 50 a …


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