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10163 full-text articles. Page 7 of 264.

Willful Blindness Or Deliberate Indifference: The United States' Abdication Of Legal Responsibility To Refugees, Abed A. Ayoub, Yolanda C. Rondon 2017 Barry University School of Law

Willful Blindness Or Deliberate Indifference: The United States' Abdication Of Legal Responsibility To Refugees, Abed A. Ayoub, Yolanda C. Rondon

Barry Law Review

No abstract provided.


Pepperdine University School Of Law Legal Summaries, Jee (Jane) Seo 2017 Pepperdine University

Pepperdine University School Of Law Legal Summaries, Jee (Jane) Seo

Journal of the National Association of Administrative Law Judiciary

No abstract provided.


Farmers Plead The Fifth: Is The Plea Against The Mandate To Reserve Raisins In Horne V. Department Of Agriculture Legitimate?, Jee (Jane) Seo 2017 Pepperdine University

Farmers Plead The Fifth: Is The Plea Against The Mandate To Reserve Raisins In Horne V. Department Of Agriculture Legitimate?, Jee (Jane) Seo

Journal of the National Association of Administrative Law Judiciary

This note addresses the relevant issues and arguments that are presented in Horne. Part II presents the historical background of the RAC, the Takings Clause of the U.S. Constitution's Fifth Amendment, and other relevant information surrounding the Raisin Administrative Committee marketing order. Part III focuses on the facts of Horne, and Part IV discusses the procedural history of the case. The majority, concurring, and dissenting opinions are analyzed in Part V. The impact of Horne is presented in Part VI, followed by concluding thoughts on Horne in Part VII.


The Administrative State: Problems Associated With Congressional Intent, Statutory Interpretation, And The Powers Granted To Administrative Agencies, Serje Havandjian 2017 Pepperdine University

The Administrative State: Problems Associated With Congressional Intent, Statutory Interpretation, And The Powers Granted To Administrative Agencies, Serje Havandjian

Journal of the National Association of Administrative Law Judiciary

While reading this article, two questions should be kept in mind: (1) why the Court held that the TSA promulgated whistleblowing regulation was not considered to have the force and effect of law, and how that effects other regulations, and (2) how should the Supreme Court respond if a conflict of congressional intent and statutory interpretation arises within another regulatory or administrative agency's internal scheme for regulating such issues? With a careful analysis of statutory interpretation and determining congressional intent, and some luck, this article will try to answer these questions. Ultimately, what we will find is that although ...


Modernizing Illinois State Government: Transcript Of Press Conference Announcing Creation Of A Central Panel And Copy Of Executive Order, Bruce Rauner 2017 Pepperdine University

Modernizing Illinois State Government: Transcript Of Press Conference Announcing Creation Of A Central Panel And Copy Of Executive Order, Bruce Rauner

Journal of the National Association of Administrative Law Judiciary

No abstract provided.


The Rowley Enigma: How Much Weight Is Due To Idea State Administrative Proceedings In Federal Court?, Daniel W. Morton-Bentley 2017 Pepperdine University

The Rowley Enigma: How Much Weight Is Due To Idea State Administrative Proceedings In Federal Court?, Daniel W. Morton-Bentley

Journal of the National Association of Administrative Law Judiciary

In this article, I argue that the phrase "due weight" incorporates a deferential review standard equivalent to the clear error or substantial evidence standard, a conclusion reached by a minority of the circuit courts of appeal. I further argue that, consistent with Rowley, federal courts must afford due weight to administrative officers' substantive or educational conclusions, but no weight to their procedural or non-educational conclusions. Part II offers a general outline of the IDEA, giving special attention to its judicial review provisions. In Part III, I provide a general discussion of judicial review of administrative adjudication. Part IV is devoted ...


Sturgeon V. Frost: A Limited Holding Reveals An Environmentally Hesitant Post-Scalia Court, Michael O'Loughlin 2017 Boston College Law School

Sturgeon V. Frost: A Limited Holding Reveals An Environmentally Hesitant Post-Scalia Court, Michael O'Loughlin

Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review

The first environmental case before the United States Supreme Court after the death of Justice Antonin Scalia, Sturgeon v. Frost, involved the National Park Service’s authority to regulate hovercraft use over a segment of river running through lands under its authority pursuant to the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act. The plaintiff sought to show that the State held title to navigable waters within the State, and that, therefore, the National Park Service did not have authority to enforce its regulation. The parties invoked precedent and argued for textual analysis of the at-issue statute, but the United States Court ...


An Examination Of New York’S Martin Act As A Tool To Combat Climate Change, Ashley Poon 2017 Boston College Law School

An Examination Of New York’S Martin Act As A Tool To Combat Climate Change, Ashley Poon

Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review

Environmental statutes and regulations in the United States have largely failed to comprehensively control the human activities that cause climate change. This Note examines a novel approach to the matter in the form of an investigation led by New York Attorney General Eric Schneiderman to discover how ExxonMobil incorporates its climate change research into its corporate governance, accounting, and business planning. Schneiderman’s investigation relies on the New York securities fraud statute, the Martin Act, to determine if the company has internally reached one conclusion about climate change in its research while promoting another to investors. ExxonMobil initially cooperated with ...


Microbeads And The Toxics Use Reduction Act: Preventing Pollution At Its Source, Davis Truslow 2017 Boston College Law School

Microbeads And The Toxics Use Reduction Act: Preventing Pollution At Its Source, Davis Truslow

Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review

Microbead pollution presents a significant threat to human health and the environment. As a result, Congress enacted a national ban on microbeads in 2015. This ban is a drastic, reactionary measure that fails to address the continued threat posed by already existing pollution. In addition, the ban represents a continued preference for the command-and-control regulatory framework that failed to prevent microbead pollution in the first place. In contrast, pollution prevention, an alternative regulatory technique adopted by Congress as national policy in 1990, more efficiently prevents pollution by focusing on reducing pollution at its source. In 1989, Massachusetts became the first ...


Inverse Condemnation And Fracking Disasters: Government Liability For The Environmental Consequences Of Hydraulic Fracturing Under A Constitutional Takings Theory, Joseph Belza 2017 Boston College Law School

Inverse Condemnation And Fracking Disasters: Government Liability For The Environmental Consequences Of Hydraulic Fracturing Under A Constitutional Takings Theory, Joseph Belza

Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review

The practice of hydraulic fracturing, more commonly known as fracking, risks a number of dangerous environmental consequences. Notably, fracking operations can contaminate the underlying water table. Contamination of groundwater can disrupt the access of a nearby property to both potable drinking water and viable commercial irrigation. Usually, when a fracking operation results in this kind of groundwater contamination, affected plaintiffs sue the operator of the rig. This Note proposes that similarly situated plaintiffs also name a new defendant in these actions: the state agency that granted the fracking permit. The governmental actor could bear liability under a constitutional theory of ...


Mercury’S Toxic Process: How Bad Science And Bad Decisions Caused A Public Health Crisis, Cameryn Mercurio 2017 Boston College Law School

Mercury’S Toxic Process: How Bad Science And Bad Decisions Caused A Public Health Crisis, Cameryn Mercurio

Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review

Since 1998, ethylmercury, a vaccine preservative, has often been confused with methylmercury, a dangerous neurotoxin, by the government and public. This confusion has led to a decrease in vaccination rates and an increase in the spread of preventable disease. Despite significant efforts to educate the public on the inaccuracy of studies linking ethylmercury to autism, the public health agencies have been unsuccessful in demonstrating to the public that the substance is safe. This Note analyzes the actions taken by the public health agencies responding to public concerns about ethylmercury’s use in vaccines and recommends that the agencies undertake a ...


Against Remedial Restraint In Administrative Law, Christopher J. Walker 2017 Ohio State University - Main Campus

Against Remedial Restraint In Administrative Law, Christopher J. Walker

Christopher J. Walker

In Remedial Restraint in Administrative Law, Professor Nicholas Bagley argues that we should replace administrative law’s ordinary remand rule with a more restrained, context-specific standard of first assessing whether the parties challenging the action were actually prejudiced by agency error. He bases this argument in part on his belief that the states challenging the Obama Administration’s sweeping executive actions on immigration suffered no harm from the Department of Homeland Security’s failure to engage in notice-and-comment rulemaking. That is because, he argues, the states received notice through leaks to the media and had a chance to comment through ...


Internet Tv: (Hopefully) Coming To A Computer Screen Near You, Nicholas Pellegrino 2017 Seton Hall University School of Law

Internet Tv: (Hopefully) Coming To A Computer Screen Near You, Nicholas Pellegrino

Seton Hall Circuit Review

No abstract provided.


The Yates Memo: Doj Public Relations Move Or Meaningful Reform That Will End Impunity For Corporate Criminals?, Christopher Modlish 2017 Boston College Law School

The Yates Memo: Doj Public Relations Move Or Meaningful Reform That Will End Impunity For Corporate Criminals?, Christopher Modlish

Boston College Law Review

On September 9, 2015, former Deputy Attorney General Sally Yates issued a memorandum (the “Yates Memo”) in an attempt to address the Department of Justice’s (“DOJ”) seeming inability to prosecute the individuals responsible for corporate crime and misconduct. The memo announced new DOJ policy regarding individual accountability for corporate fraud, wrongdoing, and other misconduct. Specifically, it identified six key policies meant to enable DOJ prosecutors to more effectively prosecute the individuals responsible for corporate misconduct. The memo, however, did not address the biggest obstacle to holding individuals accountable for criminal corporate conduct—the DOJ’s overuse of deferred prosecution ...


Playing To A New Crowd: How Congress Could Break The Startup Status Quo By Raising The Cap On The Jobs Act's Crowdfunding Exemption, Thomas Murphy 2017 Boston College Law School

Playing To A New Crowd: How Congress Could Break The Startup Status Quo By Raising The Cap On The Jobs Act's Crowdfunding Exemption, Thomas Murphy

Boston College Law Review

On October 30, 2015, the Securities and Exchange Commission voted to implement the Jumpstart Our Business Startups (“JOBS”) Act’s exemption for crowdfunded securities, which became effective on May 16, 2016. Crowdfunding technology allows any entrepreneur with an Internet connection the opportunity to pitch an idea to a community of investors, which could revolutionize the market for early-stage startup financing. That market has largely adhered to a status quo in which the strength of an entrepreneur’s network is nearly as important as his or her idea—a dynamic that is especially difficult for female and minority entrepreneurs who have ...


Closing The Hedge Fund Loophole: The Sec As The Primary Regulator Of Systemic Risk, Cary Martin Shelby 2017 DePaul University College of Law

Closing The Hedge Fund Loophole: The Sec As The Primary Regulator Of Systemic Risk, Cary Martin Shelby

Boston College Law Review

The 2008 financial crisis sparked a flurry of regulatory activity and enforcement in an attempt to reign in activity by banks, but other institutions have also been identified as potentially threatening to the stability of the financial markets. In particular, several empirical studies have revealed that systemic risk can be created and transmitted by hedge funds. In response to the risk created by hedge funds, Congress granted the Financial Stability Oversight Council (“FSOC”) authority under the Dodd-Frank Act of 2010 to designate hedge funds as Systemically Important Financial Institutions (“SIFIs”). Such a designation would automatically result in stringent capital constraints ...


An Examination Of Trans Fat Labeling: Splitting The Third & Ninth Circuit, Jack Gainey 2017 Washington and Lee University School of Law

An Examination Of Trans Fat Labeling: Splitting The Third & Ninth Circuit, Jack Gainey

Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice

At first glance, consumer claims alleging misleading labeling would seem to find a simple resolution. Under 21 U.S.C. § 343, which governs misbranded food, a food product is misbranded if “its labeling is false or misleading.” However, controversial interpretation of seemingly straightforward statutory language, together with evolving case law, have blurred a once clear picture. Disagreement over the federal preemption of consumer claims regarding trans fat, underscored by a dispute regarding standing, have combined to create a divergence of opinions between courts across the country.

In 2011, the United States District Court for the Northern District of California considered ...


San Manuel'S Second Exception: Identifying Treaty Provisions That Support Tribal Labor Sovereignty, Briana Green 2017 University of Michigan Law School

San Manuel'S Second Exception: Identifying Treaty Provisions That Support Tribal Labor Sovereignty, Briana Green

Michigan Journal of Environmental & Administrative Law

Inspired by the holding in WinStar World Casino, this Note considers the potential for tribes to make treaty-based arguments when facing the threat of National Labor Relations Board jurisdiction. This Note presents the results of a survey of U.S. government treaties with Native Americans to identify those treaties with language similar to that interpreted by the Board in WinStar World Casino. The survey identified four treaties and four tribes that could make treaty-based arguments like those made in Winstar World Casino: the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, the Muscogee (Creek) Nation, the Seminole Nation of Oklahoma, and ...


We Need Protection From Our Protectors: The Nature, Issues, And Future Of The Federal Trust Responsibility To Indians, Daniel I.S.J. Rey-Bear, Matthew L.M. Fletcher 2017 Rey-Bear McLaughlin, LLP

We Need Protection From Our Protectors: The Nature, Issues, And Future Of The Federal Trust Responsibility To Indians, Daniel I.S.J. Rey-Bear, Matthew L.M. Fletcher

Michigan Journal of Environmental & Administrative Law

The federal trust responsibility to Indians essentially entails duties of good faith, loyalty, and protection. While often thought of as unique to federal Indian policy, it developed from and reflects common law principles of contracts, property, trusts, foreign relations/international law, and constitutional law. However, several issues preclude a greater understanding and implementation of the federal trust responsibility. These include Executive Branch efforts to avoid liability, neocolonial judicial activism, and episodic congressional attention. Enactment of legislation to reaffirm and modernize the federal trust responsibility through greater self-determination, integration, elevation, oversight, and funding should help overcome these issues to improve federal ...


Exploring Alternatives To The "Consultation Or Consent" Paradigm, Jason Searle 2017 University of Michigan Law School

Exploring Alternatives To The "Consultation Or Consent" Paradigm, Jason Searle

Michigan Journal of Environmental & Administrative Law

The Dakota Access Pipeline brought the question of what adequate tribal consultation requires to the forefront. Some would argue that consultation is a weak standard and that only adopting a new standard of free, prior, and informed consent can guarantee tribes greater control and respect. However, the “consultation or consent” paradigm does not take into account important sources of law that do not fit under “consultation” or “consent” and yet could be valuable in strengthening tribes’ claims in the absence of a consent standard.


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