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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Ngo's Bpa Report Intended To Frighten, Not Enlighten., Robert L. Brent Dr. Oct 2015

Ngo's Bpa Report Intended To Frighten, Not Enlighten., Robert L. Brent Dr.

The Selected Works of Robert Brent

None


Healthcare Information Systems: Opportunities And Challenges, Madison Ngafeeson Oct 2015

Healthcare Information Systems: Opportunities And Challenges, Madison Ngafeeson

Madison Ngafeeson

No abstract provided.


Cara Hidup Sehat, Eyondd Wae Lee Eyondd Apr 2015

Cara Hidup Sehat, Eyondd Wae Lee Eyondd

eyondd wae lee eyondd

Sebuah Cara hidup sehat kualitas dalam hal wanita muda tanpa cacat yang telah diperiksa oleh metode spesialis adalah batas pinggang - pinggul sekitar 0 . tujuh puluh . Fisiologi telah demostrated bahwa wanita dengan jam pasir detail yang lebih matang daripada beberapa wanita muda yang berbeda berdasarkan langkah-langkah yang lebih baik dari hormon manusia perempuan tertentu , realitas yang akan pria sadar keadaan memilih kaki . Orang-orang yang dibangkitkan oleh gambar banyak individu mengungkap dalam media untuk menemukan apa yang tegas atau sama sekali tidak sempurna . Beberapa feminis dan tambahan dokter [ tidak jelas ] menggabungkan diberdayakan yang untuk gelar besar bentuk tipis diperkenalkan dalam buku harian ...


Automated Detection Of Puffing And Smoking With Wrist Accelerometers, Qu Tang Jan 2015

Automated Detection Of Puffing And Smoking With Wrist Accelerometers, Qu Tang

Electrical and Computer Engineering Master's Theses

Real-time, automatic detection of smoking behavior could lead to novel measurement tools for smoking research and "just-in-time" interventions that may help people quit, reducing preventable deaths. This paper discusses the use of machine learning with wrist accelerometer data for automatic puffing and smoking detection. A two-layer smoking detection model is proposed that incorporates both low-level time domain features and high-level smoking topography such as inter-puff intervals and puff frequency to detect puffing then smoking. On a pilot dataset of 6 individuals observed for 11.8 total hours in real-life settings performing complex tasks while smoking, the model obtains a cross ...


Macro Level Design Of Healthcare Networks Using Optimization And Simulation, Onur Uzunlar Jan 2015

Macro Level Design Of Healthcare Networks Using Optimization And Simulation, Onur Uzunlar

Industrial Engineering Master's Theses

Macro level design of networks is usually considered as determining the locations and capacity levels of the resources as well as the assignment of entities to these resources. Given the high costs of healthcare coupled with a focus on access and preventive health, many healthcare systems are engaged in macro-level planning of their overall network topology, care location, market expansion, and merger strategies. The use of systems engineering models to help inform these decisions can be very effective at designing both cost-efficient and qualified healthcare services, especially in cases involving complex and competing considerations.

This thesis presents several systems engineering ...


Chronic Betahistine Co-Treatment Reverses Olanzapine's Effects On Dopamine D2 But Not 5-Ht2a/2c Bindings In Rat Brains, Jiamei Lian, Xu-Feng Huang, Nagesh B. Pai, Chao Deng Jan 2015

Chronic Betahistine Co-Treatment Reverses Olanzapine's Effects On Dopamine D2 But Not 5-Ht2a/2c Bindings In Rat Brains, Jiamei Lian, Xu-Feng Huang, Nagesh B. Pai, Chao Deng

Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute

Olanzapine is widely prescribed for treating schizophrenia and other mental disorders, although it leads to severe body weight gain/obesity. Chronic co-treatment with betahistine has been found to significantly decrease olanzapine-induced weight gain; however, it is not clear whether this co-treatment affects the therapeutic effects of olanzapine. This study investigated the effects of chronic treatment of olanzapine and/or betahistine on the binding density of the serotonergic 5-HT2A (5-HT2AR) and 5-HT2C (5-HT2CR) receptors, 5-HT transporter (5-HTT), and dopaminergic D2 receptors (D2R) in the brain regions involved in antipsychotic efficacy, including the prefrontal cortex (PFC), cingulate cortex (Cg), nucleus accumbens (NAc ...


Appendix: Expand Wikipedia Stub On Supplier - Induced Demand, Robert D. Lieberthal, Phd, Juan Leon, Phd Jan 2015

Appendix: Expand Wikipedia Stub On Supplier - Induced Demand, Robert D. Lieberthal, Phd, Juan Leon, Phd

School of Population Health Faculty Papers

Appendix for article that has been accepted for Journal of Economic Education.


Fnirs Measures Of Prefrontal Cortex Lateralization During Stuttered And Fluency-Enhanced Speech In Adults Who Stutter, Danra M. Kazenski Jan 2015

Fnirs Measures Of Prefrontal Cortex Lateralization During Stuttered And Fluency-Enhanced Speech In Adults Who Stutter, Danra M. Kazenski

Graduate College Dissertations and Theses

The present study compared lateralization of cortical activation patterns in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) of adults who stutter (AWS) and typical speakers (TS) as measured with functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) in habitual and fluency-enhanced speaking conditions.

Participants were AWS (n = 11) and gender- and age-matched TS (n = 11) who completed speaking tasks in three condition blocks: (1) habitual speech using no speaking strategy (2) prolonged speech after receiving short-term training in fluency-shaping strategy-use (3) syllable-timed speech after being trained to speak in rhythm with a metronome at 92 beats per minute.

The three primary dependent variables were mean change ...


The Lived Experience Of Transgender College-Aged Students Receiving Healthcare, Lisa Schaffer Jan 2015

The Lived Experience Of Transgender College-Aged Students Receiving Healthcare, Lisa Schaffer

Graduate College Dissertations and Theses

Background

There is a relative dearth of information regarding transgender patient perceptions of healthcare provider interactions and experiences. Previous studies have examined the experiences of transgender patients across multiple generations.

Purpose

This research focuses on understanding the lived experience of transgender college-aged students receiving healthcare. The goal of this research is to help inform the practices of healthcare providers in order to improve care experiences.

Methods

Hermeneutic phenomenology was utilized to illuminate the lived experiences of three college-aged transgender patients receiving healthcare. Interviews were conducted with research participants. After transcription, interview content was read and re-read for significant statements. Significant ...


University Of North Texas Health Science Center Texas Government Code, 2015 Section 659.026 Report, University Of North Texas Health Science Center At Fort Worth Jan 2015

University Of North Texas Health Science Center Texas Government Code, 2015 Section 659.026 Report, University Of North Texas Health Science Center At Fort Worth

Office of Finance

No abstract provided.


Administration Accountability, Fiscal Year 2015, University Of North Texas Health Science Center At Fort Worth Jan 2015

Administration Accountability, Fiscal Year 2015, University Of North Texas Health Science Center At Fort Worth

Office of Finance

No abstract provided.


The Lived Experiences Of Teenage Mothers That Fostered Resiliency, Courtney Allisson Pellegrino Jan 2015

The Lived Experiences Of Teenage Mothers That Fostered Resiliency, Courtney Allisson Pellegrino

Education Doctoral Theses

Adolescent mothers often encounter challenges while balancing the developmental tasks of adolescence with the demands of motherhood, which places them at risk of potential negative trajectories (Lowenthal & Lowenthal, 1997; Patel & Sen, 2012). However, when the process of the negative trajectory is interrupted, adolescent mothers adapt to the challenges and become resilient, in terms of positive educational, occupational, and parenting outcomes (Silver, 2008). The purpose of this qualitative, Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) was to examine the lived experiences of five women ages 18 and older who were adolescent mothers and answer the overarching question: How do adolescent mothers who have experienced academic, educational ...


Investigation Of Low Back And Shoulder Demand During Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: The Effect Of Different Compression-Ventilation Ratios, Richard Scott Dainty Jan 2015

Investigation Of Low Back And Shoulder Demand During Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: The Effect Of Different Compression-Ventilation Ratios, Richard Scott Dainty

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

Background: The current American Heart Association (AHA) standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is performed with a compression-ventilation ratio of 30:2 (standard CPR), meaning 30 compressions are applied to the chest followed by the administration of two breaths to the victim. Some evidence has shown that performing continuous chest compressions rather than standard CPR with breaks in chest compressions for administering breaths, may increase survival rates after cardiac arrest. Cont-CPR has been shown to be very fatiguing in nature, with a significant drop in chest compression force within the first two minutes of CPR. The purpose of this study was to ...


Targeted Cancer Therapy Systems: An In Silico Study Of Radiohalogenated Ligands In The Estrogen Receptor And The Synthesis Of A Molecular Toolkit For The Fabrication Of Customizable Nanoparticles, Kelton Kerry Barnsley Jan 2015

Targeted Cancer Therapy Systems: An In Silico Study Of Radiohalogenated Ligands In The Estrogen Receptor And The Synthesis Of A Molecular Toolkit For The Fabrication Of Customizable Nanoparticles, Kelton Kerry Barnsley

Chemistry Master's Theses

Chemotherapy is often limited by off-target toxicity and the development of multi-drug resistance in response to treatment. Strategies which reduce off-target toxicity by passively or actively targeting cancer cells may improve the efficacy of chemotherapy. Herein, two projects relating to targeted therapy are described. In the first project, the binding modes of 1,1-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-phenylethylenes (THPEs), a class of synthetic estrogens previously developed by our group, in the human estrogen receptor alpha-ligand binding domain were studied using molecular modeling programs YASARA AutoDock and Schrodinger Glide. The results were internally consistent and supported the observation that a bromine or iodine ...


The Nature Of Disease, David Burrow Dec 2014

The Nature Of Disease, David Burrow

Tennessee Medicine E-Journal

David Burrow is winner of the Resident/Practicing Physician Category of the Poster Contest presented at the American College of Physicians Tennessee Chapter's Annual Meeting in 2014.


Dis-Ease, Olivia A. Morin Dec 2014

Dis-Ease, Olivia A. Morin

Tennessee Medicine E-Journal

Olivia Morin is the winner of the medical student section poster contest at the American College of Physicians Tennessee Chapter, 2014.


A Transformational Leadership Program: A Necessity In Today’S Healthcare Environment, Kristin J. Pickerell Dec 2014

A Transformational Leadership Program: A Necessity In Today’S Healthcare Environment, Kristin J. Pickerell

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Capstones

A Transformational Leadership Program: A Necessity in Today’s Healthcare Environment

Abstract

Objective

The purpose of this study was to enhance the transformational leadership capabilities of the nursing leaders in a small community hospital by implementing a leadership development course.

Background

Effective nurse leaders are critical in today’s fast-changing and uncertain healthcare environment. Competent leaders positively influence the nursing work environment, staff retention, patient safety, financial viability and quality outcomes. The development of a transformational skill set needed for a nurse leader to successfully lead a team to high-quality patient care.

Methods

Pre/post intervention design, using the Leadership ...


Evidence Based Falls Management Program In The Nursing Home, Deloris Jacobs Dec 2014

Evidence Based Falls Management Program In The Nursing Home, Deloris Jacobs

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Capstones

The cost of fall injuries for both nursing homes and patients can be staggering. Facilities can incur large financial penalties following notices of severe deficiencies from regulatory agencies and will incur substantial legal fees in the event of a wrongful injury or death lawsuit. Patients injured in falls are at risk of increased financial costs for care in the nursing home as well as a lower quality of life. They are likely to incur co-pay or coinsurance costs for care by physicians and other professional services, and costs for rehabilitative services, out of pocket expenses, medical equipment, prescription drugs, and ...


Download Entire Issue- Jefferson Interprofessional Education And Care Newsletter, Fall, 2014, Volume 5, Issue 2 Dec 2014

Download Entire Issue- Jefferson Interprofessional Education And Care Newsletter, Fall, 2014, Volume 5, Issue 2

Jefferson Center for InterProfessional Education​ (JCIPE) Interprofessional Education and Care e-Newsletter​

Download entire issue- Jefferson Interprofessional Education and Care Newsletter, Fall, 2014, Volume 5, Issue 2


Jefferson Teamwork Observation Guide (Jtog): A Pilot Project, David George, Md, Elizabeth Speakman, Edd, Rn, Anef, Fnap, Kellie Smith, Edd, Rn, Kevin Lyons, Phd, Carolyn Giordano, Phd Dec 2014

Jefferson Teamwork Observation Guide (Jtog): A Pilot Project, David George, Md, Elizabeth Speakman, Edd, Rn, Anef, Fnap, Kellie Smith, Edd, Rn, Kevin Lyons, Phd, Carolyn Giordano, Phd

Jefferson Center for InterProfessional Education​ (JCIPE) Interprofessional Education and Care e-Newsletter​

The critical need for students to learn to be effective members of interprofessional teams in preparation for collaborative practice-ready care provision now and in the future has been well documented1. There are increasing opportunities for students to observe interprofessional events to assist them in doing so, but often their role is passive and the teams may not demonstrate the highest level of patient-centered care, minimizing the student learning.


Developing An Open Educational Resource For Interprofessional Education (Ipe), Susanne P. Boyle, Bsc, Msc, Phd, Fhea, Matthew Ramirez, Lynn Sheridan Dec 2014

Developing An Open Educational Resource For Interprofessional Education (Ipe), Susanne P. Boyle, Bsc, Msc, Phd, Fhea, Matthew Ramirez, Lynn Sheridan

Jefferson Center for InterProfessional Education​ (JCIPE) Interprofessional Education and Care e-Newsletter​

A recent review of pre-qualifying interprofessional education in the UK reported the practical challenges of synchronising interprofessional education1. Whilst it was noted that online interprofessional courses were developed primarily to overcome timetabling conflicts of students and clinicians from various health professions, it was recognised that a blended learning approach with appropriate student support could enable an effective interprofessional education experience with lower running costs and reduced disruption. It was found, however, that despite the ubiquity of e-learning in interprofessional education there seemed to be less sharing than expected1.


Ipe Grand Rounds: A Student-Led Initiative, Claire Sokas, Chelsea Gorman Dec 2014

Ipe Grand Rounds: A Student-Led Initiative, Claire Sokas, Chelsea Gorman

Jefferson Center for InterProfessional Education​ (JCIPE) Interprofessional Education and Care e-Newsletter​

Interprofessional Education (IPE) Grand Rounds is an innovative student-run initiative designed specifically to increase the clinical relevance of IPE for all health professions students. By creating new opportunities for students from medicine, nursing, physical therapy, occupational therapy, couple and family therapy, physician assistant and pharmacy to interact with health professionals who are actively participating in interprofessional work environments, the IPE Grand Rounds program allows students to develop a more complete picture of what it means to be a member of a collaborative practice team. During these sessions, students and panelists discuss both the benefits of working with team members from ...


Successful Implementation Of The Abcdef Bundle In The Micu Through Interprofessional Collaboration And Teamwork, Julie Rogan, Rn, Msn, Accns-Ag, Aocns, Ccrn, Steven W. Gudowski, Rrt, Cara Mcdaniel, Pharmd, Bcps Dec 2014

Successful Implementation Of The Abcdef Bundle In The Micu Through Interprofessional Collaboration And Teamwork, Julie Rogan, Rn, Msn, Accns-Ag, Aocns, Ccrn, Steven W. Gudowski, Rrt, Cara Mcdaniel, Pharmd, Bcps

Jefferson Center for InterProfessional Education​ (JCIPE) Interprofessional Education and Care e-Newsletter​

Earlier this year, members of the medical intensive care unit (MICU) attended an interprofessional workshop that utilized Awakening/Breathing/Choice of Sedation/Delirium/Early Mobility (ABCDE) bundle simulation combined with TeamSTEPPS training to empower care givers to advocate for patient safety while optimizing patient care. The ABCDE bundle is an evidence-based tool designed to implement pain, agitation, and delirium guideline recommendations into routine practice. To further improve patient safety and outcomes and build upon the ABCDE concept, the MICU team developed an interprofession-al practice project by adding routine assessment of need for indwelling Foley catheters to their daily work list ...


From The Editors, Elizabeth Speakman, Edd, Rn, Anef, Fnap, Christine Arenson, Md, Lauren Collins, Md, Shoshana Sicks, Med Dec 2014

From The Editors, Elizabeth Speakman, Edd, Rn, Anef, Fnap, Christine Arenson, Md, Lauren Collins, Md, Shoshana Sicks, Med

Jefferson Center for InterProfessional Education​ (JCIPE) Interprofessional Education and Care e-Newsletter​

Welcome to the Fall 2014 edition of the Jefferson Interprofessional Education and Care Newsletter. It has been a busy Fall at Jefferson and we are excited to share several new developments which have been pushing the envelope in IPE. In October, we hosted our 4th biennial conference, Interprofessional Care for the 21st Century: Redefining Education and Practice. This year we had a record number of conference participants and presenters joining us from a variety of national and international academic and service organizations. Our keynote speakers, Dr. George Thibault, President, Josiah Macy Jr Foundation; Dr. Barbara Brandt, Director, National Center for ...


Umccts Newsletter, December 2014, Umass Center For Clinical And Translational Science Dec 2014

Umccts Newsletter, December 2014, Umass Center For Clinical And Translational Science

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Newsletter

This is the December 2014 issue of the UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Newsletter containing news and events of interest.


The Politics Of Mental Health After Care, Steve Rose Dec 2014

The Politics Of Mental Health After Care, Steve Rose

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Essential to the development of a positive practice in mental health after-care is a precise formulation of clients' needs. Clarity about a statement of needs provides added information about anticipated obstacles to meeting those needs, both at the client and systemic levels. To accomplish this preliminary task, it becomes necessary to create what we refer to as a "problem definitional" level of theory. Problem defining theory mediates between more global theory, which establishes a larger context for understanding the broad policy issues and direct implications,* and the articulation of practice theory.


The Non-Orthodox Cancer Therapy Movement: Emergent Organization In Health Care Crisis, Joseph Behar Dec 2014

The Non-Orthodox Cancer Therapy Movement: Emergent Organization In Health Care Crisis, Joseph Behar

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The ideology and organization of the non-orthodox cancer therapy movement are analyzed as social constructions in an area of professional ambiguity and failure. The movement articulates, integrates, and orders the personally and socially disabling consequences of health care failure in cancer. The protest activities of the movement are characterized by political opposition to medical "orthodoxy" and "monopoly." The challenges of the non-orthodox movement are generally ineffective, non-legitimated, or coopted. Yet, in providing conceptual and organizational frames for the disordering consequences of medical failure and in establishing a politically polarized deviant position in relation to conventional practice, this movement socially organizes ...


Regional Planning Of Mental Health Services: An Illinois Case Example, Wynne Sandra Korr Dec 2014

Regional Planning Of Mental Health Services: An Illinois Case Example, Wynne Sandra Korr

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Now that Reagan has ended a twenty-year pattern of federal involvement in setting mental health policy priorities, states must develop models for implementing and maintaining services to the mentally ill. The Illinois model of regional offices which plan and monitor programs is described. A case example showing how one such office developed services in a minority community is given. Examples of the work of other offices illustrate the flexibility of this model in meeting special community needs.


Disinnovation In The American States: Policy Toward Health Systems Agencies, Keith Mueller, John Comer Dec 2014

Disinnovation In The American States: Policy Toward Health Systems Agencies, Keith Mueller, John Comer

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Requiring the states to involve consumers in health planning through local health planning boards (HSAs) was an attempt by the federal government to control health care costs. Elimination of this requirement more recently has meant some states have discontinued the program. The elimination of HSAs can be considered a case of policy disinnovation. Drawing on the innovation literature, the following variables were expected to correlate, although negatively, with elimination of HSAs: value added to manufacturing, average acre value of farms, per capita income, population living in metropolitan areas, and party competition. All were found to correlate negatively. Predisposition to spend ...


Scientific Ideologies And Conceptions Of Drinking Behavior And Alcoholism, Keith M. Kilty Dec 2014

Scientific Ideologies And Conceptions Of Drinking Behavior And Alcoholism, Keith M. Kilty

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Conventional explanations of drinking behavior and alcoholism suffer from serious inadequacies, due in large part to their unquestioning acceptance of certain assumptions about the effects of alcohol on human behavior that are rooted in moral prescriptions. That is, most contemporary models of drinking behavior assume that the consumption of alcohol leads to the loss of inhibitions or self-control, ultimately leading to behaviors that are not predictable by either the drinker or society. This perspective has become so deeply ingrained in the social scientific literature that it is no longer even perceived as hypothetical; instead, it has taken on the character ...