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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Phytochemical Analysis And Biological Activities Of Cola Nitida Bark, Durand Dah-Nouvlessounon, Laboratoire Baebib, Ufr-Svt, University Of Ouagadougou, Mamoudou H. Dicko Prof., Lamine Baba-Moussa Jan 2031

Phytochemical Analysis And Biological Activities Of Cola Nitida Bark, Durand Dah-Nouvlessounon, Laboratoire Baebib, Ufr-Svt, University Of Ouagadougou, Mamoudou H. Dicko Prof., Lamine Baba-Moussa

Pr. Mamoudou H. DICKO, PhD

The aim of this study is to investigate some biological effects of Cola nitida’s bark after phytochemical screening. The bark was collected, dried, and then powdered for the phytochemical screening and extractions. Ethanol and ethyl acetate extracts of C. nitida were used in this study. The antibacterial activity was tested on ten reference strains and 28 meat isolated Staphylococcus strains by disc diffusionmethod. The antifungal activity of three fungal strains was determined on the Potato-Dextrose Agar medium mixed with the appropriate extract. The antioxidant activity was determined by DPPH and ABTS methods. Our data revealed the presence of various ...


Cbpr And A Multitrack Model Of Development: A Critical Ethnography Of A Community-Based Health Communication Project., Jeanette Dillon, Kate Magsamen-Conrad Jan 2016

Cbpr And A Multitrack Model Of Development: A Critical Ethnography Of A Community-Based Health Communication Project., Jeanette Dillon, Kate Magsamen-Conrad

Kate Magsamen-Conrad

Scholars in development communication have called for a more participatory approach in development programs. However, the traditional, generally top-down approach associated with the modernization paradigm still dominates in practice [1]. The mere existence of participatory models has not been enough to move the participatory approach to prominence. Sparks has noticed the discrepancy between theory and practice observing that although the dominant paradigm has been disparaged and the participatory paradigm praised since the 1970s, researchers have been slow to adopt participatory methods [1]. This discrepancy may be because in practice, participation is difficult to manipulate, control, analyze and evaluate. We argue ...


Electronic Health Records In The Academic World, Madeline Leapaldt Jan 2016

Electronic Health Records In The Academic World, Madeline Leapaldt

Honors Research Projects

Health or medical records are the backbone of the healthcare industry. They allow professions to practice patient-centered, interdisciplinary care. Electronic Health Records help accelerate the care process and allow for a smoother patient experience. However, many healthcare professionals have not used an Electronic Health Record prior to employment or internships. This can be detrimental to the process and slow down the entire team. Research shows that teaching Electronic Health Records in an academic setting allows students to safely explore the system and become comfortable with using technology for healthcare purposes. There are specific requirements that have been shown to aid ...


Current Understanding Of The Mechanism Of Action Of The Antiepileptic Drug Lacosamide, Michael A. Rogawski, Azita Tofighy, H Steve White, Alain Matagne, Christian Wolff Dec 2015

Current Understanding Of The Mechanism Of Action Of The Antiepileptic Drug Lacosamide, Michael A. Rogawski, Azita Tofighy, H Steve White, Alain Matagne, Christian Wolff

Michael A. Rogawski

The antiepileptic drug lacosamide [(R)-2-acetamido-N-benzyl-3-methoxypropanamide], a chiral functionalized amino acid, was originally identified by virtue of activity in the mouse and rat maximal electroshock (MES) test. Attention was drawn to lacosamide because of its high oral potency and stereoselectivity. Lacosamide is also active in the 6 Hz seizure model but inactive against clonic seizures in rodents induced by subcutaneous pentylenetetrazol, bicuculline and picrotoxin. It is also ineffective in genetic models of absence epilepsy. At doses greater than those required to confer protection in the MES test, lacosamide inhibits behavioral and electrographic seizures in hippocampal kindled rats. It also effectively ...


Cirugía Cosmética: Un Análisis De Su Historia Y Prevalencia En Latinoamérica, Elena R. Hamilton Dec 2015

Cirugía Cosmética: Un Análisis De Su Historia Y Prevalencia En Latinoamérica, Elena R. Hamilton

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Bed Rest And Its Continued Use In Women With High-Risk Pregnancy: A Review Of Literature, Irene De Los Reyes Dec 2015

Bed Rest And Its Continued Use In Women With High-Risk Pregnancy: A Review Of Literature, Irene De Los Reyes

Senior Theses and Capstone Projects

Bed rest is defined as confinement to bed and restriction of activity. In the clinical setting bed rest includes strict bed rest, strict bed rest in Trendelenburg position, bed rest with bathroom privileges, and up ad lib (Irion, Irion, Lewis & Giglio, 2012). Bed rest has been the standard treatment for over the past 30 years in preventing preterm birth and complications arising from high-risk pregnancy despite the lack of evidence to support its safety and effectiveness for the mother and fetus (Maloni, 2010). The purpose of this literature review and critique is to provide information about the adverse physiologic and ...


Can A Barcode Scanner For Blood Collection Improve Patient Identification Integrity In The Emergency Department? A Prospective Before-And-After Study, David Spain, Julia Crilly, John Pierce, Michael Steele, Paul Scuffham, Gerben Keijzers Nov 2015

Can A Barcode Scanner For Blood Collection Improve Patient Identification Integrity In The Emergency Department? A Prospective Before-And-After Study, David Spain, Julia Crilly, John Pierce, Michael Steele, Paul Scuffham, Gerben Keijzers

Faculty of Health Sciences & Medicine Publications

Objective: To describe the effect of interventions designed to improve patient identification (PI) during pathology collection in the ED. Methods: A prospective before-and-after intervention study was conducted between June 2009 and June 2010 in a regional ED in Queensland, Australia. Interventions aimed to improve PI and specimen labelling, and consisted of: (i) education alone; and (ii) education plus an armband scanner that voice-prompted collector behaviour. Main outcomes measured included: frequency of correct key behaviours (KBs) during specimen collection, pathology integrity errors and cost of interventions. Results: Data from 282 ED pathology collections were analysed (before: n = 115, after with education ...


Ngo's Bpa Report Intended To Frighten, Not Enlighten., Robert L. Brent Dr. Oct 2015

Ngo's Bpa Report Intended To Frighten, Not Enlighten., Robert L. Brent Dr.

The Selected Works of Robert Brent

None


Healthcare Information Systems: Opportunities And Challenges, Madison Ngafeeson Oct 2015

Healthcare Information Systems: Opportunities And Challenges, Madison Ngafeeson

Madison Ngafeeson

No abstract provided.


Immigrant & Refugee Family Wellness Through Yoga & Zumba, Elizabeth Crawford, Faith Swenson, Angela Serrani, Kathleen Cassidy, Brittany Roy Oct 2015

Immigrant & Refugee Family Wellness Through Yoga & Zumba, Elizabeth Crawford, Faith Swenson, Angela Serrani, Kathleen Cassidy, Brittany Roy

Immigrant and Refugee Family Wellness Engagement Through Yoga and Zumba

Research poster stemming from CEIPE mini-grant funded student project Immigrant And Refugee Family Wellness Engagement Through Yoga And Zumba. Students from multiple health professions collaborated to provide Yoga and Zumba classes at the Riverton Community Center. The project aimed to increase the participants’ ability to utilize stress reducing activities through a blend of student created heath education materials and yoga and zumba classes for refugee women and children.


Mental Health Screening Of Veterans Diagnosed With Cancer: Analyzing Psychological Distress And Attitudes Towards Seeking Professional Psychological Help, Jessica Jean Baptiste Aug 2015

Mental Health Screening Of Veterans Diagnosed With Cancer: Analyzing Psychological Distress And Attitudes Towards Seeking Professional Psychological Help, Jessica Jean Baptiste

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Studies analyzing mental health care utilization in veterans with a co-occurrence of a medical and psychological diagnosis are still underrepresented in the literature. The primary purpose of this study is to examine psychological screening methods of veterans diagnosed with cancer and determining when these veterans are more likely to endorse psychological symptoms. This information can contribute to the discussion of effective ways of integrating mental health screening in specialty care settings. A correlational, causal-comparative research design is employed to answer the study research questions and hypotheses. The participants include Vietnam, Korean, and World War II veterans seeking oncology services at ...


Examining The Relationship Between Bicultural Stress, Mental Well-Being, Perceived Social Support, And Education Among People Of African Descent, Zemed Beraki Berhe Aug 2015

Examining The Relationship Between Bicultural Stress, Mental Well-Being, Perceived Social Support, And Education Among People Of African Descent, Zemed Beraki Berhe

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Studies investigating the bicultural experiences of people of African descent are significantly underrepresented in the literature. The primary purpose of this exploratory study was to examine the relationship between experiences of bicultural stress and mental well-being. In investigating this relationship, perceived social support and education were examined as protective factors, and its relationship to bicultural stress for this population. With the ultimate goal of this information contributing to the understanding of bicultural processes within this population and the relationship to mental health outcomes. A non-experimental (non-randomized) research design was utilized to examine the study research questions and hypotheses. The participants ...


The Acute Effects Of Ballistic And Non-Ballistic Concentric-Only Half-Squats On Squat Jump Performance, Timothy J. Suchomel Aug 2015

The Acute Effects Of Ballistic And Non-Ballistic Concentric-Only Half-Squats On Squat Jump Performance, Timothy J. Suchomel

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this dissertation were to examine bilateral asymmetry as a factor of postactivation potentiation, examine and compare the acute effects of ballistic and non-ballistic concentric-only half-squats on squat jump performance, and compare the potentiation and temporal profiles of strong and weak subjects following potentiation protocols that included ballistic and non-ballistic concentric-only half-squats. The following are major findings of the dissertation. Squat jump performance may be acutely enhanced following ballistic concentriconly half-squats; however the changes in performance do not appear to be related to bilateral symmetry. Ballistic concentric-only half-squats acutely improve various squat jump performance variables at various time ...


Spiritual Well-Being, Faith, Hope, Anxiety And Loneliness In Oncology Patients: A Descriptive Correlational Study, Julia R. Mueller Aug 2015

Spiritual Well-Being, Faith, Hope, Anxiety And Loneliness In Oncology Patients: A Descriptive Correlational Study, Julia R. Mueller

Master of Science in Nursing Theses

Purpose: To test theorized relationships in the newly developed Faith-Hope-Love Model of Spiritual Wellness (FHLMSW). The research questions were: 1) do measures of faith, hope and love correlate with or predict spirituality as defined by FHLMSW in a palliative care population; and 2) do relationships exist between measures of spirituality and physical symptoms and distress among the same palliative care population.

Patients and Methods: This was a descriptive correlational study, which included 21 participants with a stage III or IV cancer diagnosis that were receiving palliative care at a community oncology practice, that took place between January 2015 to March ...


Evidence-Based Recommendations For The Assessment Of Severe Acute Malnutrition In Children Aged 6-59 Months In The Central African Republic, Rachel R. Wong Aug 2015

Evidence-Based Recommendations For The Assessment Of Severe Acute Malnutrition In Children Aged 6-59 Months In The Central African Republic, Rachel R. Wong

Master of Science in Nursing Evidence-Based Practice Projects

Thirty-five percent of mortalities in children under the age of five can be attributed to malnutrition (World Health Organization (WHO), n.d.). Nearly 24 percent of children less than five from 2008-2012 in the Central African Republic were moderately or severely underweight and nearly eight percent suffered from severe or moderate wasting (The United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund, 2013). As a result of recent sectarian violence which began with a coup in March 2013, the Central African Republic is facing a nutrition crisis. As a result, an estimated 28,000 Central African children under the age of five ...


A Descriptive Correlational Study Measuring The Emotional Impact Of Acl Injury And Reconstruction On Intention To Return And Actual Return To Previous Level Of Sport In Competitive Athletes, Moriah M. Frazee, Molly M. Frazee Aug 2015

A Descriptive Correlational Study Measuring The Emotional Impact Of Acl Injury And Reconstruction On Intention To Return And Actual Return To Previous Level Of Sport In Competitive Athletes, Moriah M. Frazee, Molly M. Frazee

Master of Science in Nursing Theses

BACKGROUND: Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) injuries among athletes are increasingly common, yet less than 50% of these athletes return to their previous level of sport participation. While most of these athletes are physically ready to return to sport, many of them have reported they were not emotionally ready to return.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between 1) the emotional readiness to return to sport, 2) intention to return to their previous level of sport participation, and 3) actual return to their previous level of sport participation after ACL injury and reconstruction in competitive adult ...


An Investigation Of The Nurse Practitioner’S Knowledge And Self-Efficacy On Expanded Back To Sleep Guidelines And Practice Of Providing Anticipatory Guidance: A Descriptive Correlational Study, Amy M. Kacho Aug 2015

An Investigation Of The Nurse Practitioner’S Knowledge And Self-Efficacy On Expanded Back To Sleep Guidelines And Practice Of Providing Anticipatory Guidance: A Descriptive Correlational Study, Amy M. Kacho

Master of Science in Nursing Theses

Abstract

Significance of the problem: Despite an overall drop in the rate of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) in the United States, equivalent increases of Sudden Unexpected Infant Deaths (SUIDS) have occurred. SUIDS are infant deaths from suffocation, strangulation or other factors related to the infants sleeping environment; in 2011 the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) expanded the Back to Sleep recommendations to include SUIDS causes of death.

Relevant to nurses: Nurse Practitioners (NPs) play a key role in implementing Back to Sleep recommendations, yet there is a very little literature exploring the frequency and consistency with which NPs provide ...


An Investigation Of The Relationship Between A Static Jump Protocol And Squat Strength: A Potential Protocol For Collegiate Strength And Explosive Athlete Monitoring, Cody Haun Aug 2015

An Investigation Of The Relationship Between A Static Jump Protocol And Squat Strength: A Potential Protocol For Collegiate Strength And Explosive Athlete Monitoring, Cody Haun

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between estimated absolute and relative squat strength and a static jump protocol with potential to provide desirable training adaptation data to practitioners in the field of collegiate strength and conditioning. Forty-one young (20.80 ± 2.44 years), healthy volunteers reported estimated back squat 1RM’s based on the most recent training block and completed a static jump protocol. Males (n=19, est. 1RM 141.29 ± 32.02kg) and female (n=22, est. 1RM 71.56 ± 19.64kg) jump data revealed large to very large correlations between squat strength, mean jump ...


Relationship Between Concentric Velocity At Varying Intensity In The Back Squat Using Wireless Inertia Sensor, Kevin M. Carroll Aug 2015

Relationship Between Concentric Velocity At Varying Intensity In The Back Squat Using Wireless Inertia Sensor, Kevin M. Carroll

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between the Minimal Velocity Threshold (MVT) of 1RM and repetitions until failure testing conditions using the back squat exercise. Fourteen injury-free males with experience in the back squat volunteered to perform a 1RM and a submaximal (70% 1RM) repetitions until failure test, each during different testing sessions. Mean Concentric Velocity (MCV) was collected using a wireless inertia-measuring device. The last successful repetition in either condition was considered the MVT. A very small relationship between 1RM and repetitions until failure MVT was found (r=-0.135). There were no significant differences ...


Spiritual Quality Of Life Among Geriatric Cancer Patients: A Descriptive Correlational Study, Mary R. Leyendecker Aug 2015

Spiritual Quality Of Life Among Geriatric Cancer Patients: A Descriptive Correlational Study, Mary R. Leyendecker

Master of Science in Nursing Theses

A solid understanding of spiritual quality of life (SQOL) is critical for healthcare providers as they strive to achieve optimum care of geriatric cancer patient. However, there is a gap in the current literature regarding SQOL in geriatric cancer patients. Therefore, the purpose of this descriptive correlational study was to describe the spiritual quality of life (SQOL) among geriatric cancer patients as it relates to their demographic characteristics and self described wellness. A convenience sample of 32 participants from a cancer center in Midwest Ohio were recruited for this study. The participants completed the World Health Organization Quality of Life-Spiritual ...


Robotic Joint Replacement Surgery: Does Technology Improve Outcomes, Chelsea Hill, Reem El-Bash, Leslie Johnson, Alberto Coustasse Jun 2015

Robotic Joint Replacement Surgery: Does Technology Improve Outcomes, Chelsea Hill, Reem El-Bash, Leslie Johnson, Alberto Coustasse

Management Faculty Research

Introduction: Osteoarthritis is a common disease that leads patients to seek Total Joint Replacement (TJR). Component misalignments leads to failure of TJR. Computer navigation enhances the precision of component alignment, but the addition of robotic guidance, can boost TJR to a higher level of accuracy.

Methodology: This literature reviewed 29 English language peer reviewed articles from 2002 – 2013 and one website. A conceptual framework was adapted to explain benefits and barriers of adoption of robotic TJR.

Results: A total of ten studies were reviewed with focus on more precise alignment, outcomes, length of stay, and costs. Cost to obtain robotic ...


Compulsory Licenses: Damaging Firm Value In The Short Run?, Daniel E. Mansuri Mr. May 2015

Compulsory Licenses: Damaging Firm Value In The Short Run?, Daniel E. Mansuri Mr.

Honors Theses

While very few individuals question the validity and necessity of the patent system, the temporary monopolies imposed by patents necessarily reduce access to medication. This becomes especially problematic when dealing with issues of public ordre, such as the aids crisis in the last 30 years. Compulsory licensing, or the power for a government to void a patent and allow a non-patent holder to produce a patented good, aims to remedy this problem. Governments have the ability to issue these in times of epidemics, or other issues of rampant illness. However, even though these licenses are completely legal, pharmaceutical companies meet ...


Using Community Structure Networks To Model Heterogeneous Mixing In Epidemics, And A Potential Application To Hiv In Washington, D.C., Katherine Ragland Paulson May 2015

Using Community Structure Networks To Model Heterogeneous Mixing In Epidemics, And A Potential Application To Hiv In Washington, D.C., Katherine Ragland Paulson

Honors Theses

Using models, mathematicians can better understand and analyze the factors that influence the dynamic spread of infectious disease through a population. The most fundamental epidemiological model is the SIR model, originally proposed by Kermack and McKendrick. In this model individuals in a population are categorized as Susceptible (S), Infected (I), or Removed (R), and differential equations are used to analyze the flow of people from one compartment to another. Many epidemiological models use the SIR model as a foundation, building complexities into it. Modeling HIV, for example, is complex because not all people in a population are at equal risk ...


Walking On A Bridge You Also Built: Practitioners’ Experience Navigating The Borderland Between Western And Chinese Medicine, Rachel H. Levine May 2015

Walking On A Bridge You Also Built: Practitioners’ Experience Navigating The Borderland Between Western And Chinese Medicine, Rachel H. Levine

Honors Theses

In the United States, medicine, and its understanding of how the human body functions, is predominantly explained by reducing life processes, discomfort and disease into biological and chemical reactions. Alternatively, Chinese medicine, such as the practice of acupuncture and herbal therapy, relates health to the movement of an energy force (qi), and the balance of five elements that correspond to both anatomical and conceptual structures. Many of these structures remain invisible to biomedicine, even with advanced imaging technology. The inability of biomedical tools or language to fully describe Chinese medical concepts challenges Americans who wish to understand and practice it ...


Gastroparesis - A Novel Cause Of Persistent Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Elevation In Hypothyroidism, Ola Khraisha Md, Mohammad Al Madani Md, Allen Peiris Md, Phd, Paul Timir Md, Phd May 2015

Gastroparesis - A Novel Cause Of Persistent Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Elevation In Hypothyroidism, Ola Khraisha Md, Mohammad Al Madani Md, Allen Peiris Md, Phd, Paul Timir Md, Phd

Tennessee Medicine E-Journal

Hypothyroidism is easily treated by levothyroxine therapy which has an 80% absorption rate, mostly in the jejunum. The replacement dose of daily levothyroxine is usually calculated at 1.6 mcg/kg body weight per day. We report a 77-year-old man who required supraphysiologic thyroxine replacement (>2.7 mcg/kg) to treat his hypothyroidism. The patient was referred for persistent thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) elevation (40 mcIU/ml) while on 175 mcg of levothyroxine. The patient was compliant with medication. His past medical history included diabetes mellitus type 2, cerebrovascular accident, depression, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, vitamin B12 deficiency, Addison ...


Generation And Assessment Of Muscular Mutations In Caenorhabditis Elegans, Katie N. Reget May 2015

Generation And Assessment Of Muscular Mutations In Caenorhabditis Elegans, Katie N. Reget

DePaul Discoveries

A study of egg laying muscular mutations in C. elegans was conducted over a span of ten weeks. Parent (EGL-19) and wild type (N2) were exposed to mutagenesis and integration mutation techniques to generate genetic and physical different mutants. Overall, four genetic, physical and phenotypically unique worms were generated for the process of mutagenesis. The worms used in the process of integration were found to have shortened life spans, reduced size and decrease numbers of progeny.


Predictors Of Money Spent On Drugs In Substance Users, Simona Ciobotaru May 2015

Predictors Of Money Spent On Drugs In Substance Users, Simona Ciobotaru

DePaul Discoveries

Financial need is a major stressor for individuals who are reentering the community after substance abuse and/or incarceration. Family members and friends make up a great majority the support networks from which reentering people can receive financial support. However, that financial support could possibly contribute to drug use when the individual is actively using. The goal of this study was to further understand the implications of material and financial support specifically being transmitted from family members. This study looks at psychosocial predictors in relation to money spent on drugs in the last 30 days of 270 individuals entering substance ...


Phosphorylation Of Gap-43 And The Effect On App Processing, Kaitlynn Tracy, Eric Norstrom May 2015

Phosphorylation Of Gap-43 And The Effect On App Processing, Kaitlynn Tracy, Eric Norstrom

DePaul Discoveries

The phosphorylation of Growth Associated Protein may affect the rate of interaction between GAP-43 and the Amyloid Precursor Protein. By synthesizing mutants of the GAP-43 protein, the amount of C-terminal fragments of APP that results from the interaction could be observed under various conditions. The two mutants, S41A and S41D, and the wild type GAP-43 were both co-expressed with APP in moues neuroblastoma cells and analyzed on a Western blot. The mutant used to block phosphorylation showed a greater rate of interaction with APP, while the mutant that was created to mimic the effect of phosphorylation showed less interaction. Further ...


The Effect Of Hydrogen Peroxide On Leishmania Amazonensis Promastigotes, Debra Eluobaju May 2015

The Effect Of Hydrogen Peroxide On Leishmania Amazonensis Promastigotes, Debra Eluobaju

DePaul Discoveries

Leishmaniasis is a disease caused by the parasite Leishmania. The disease causes lesions to the skin and face; when visceral it becomes fatal to its host. Leishmanias are transmitted through the female blood-sucking sand fly into its mammalian host, where it infects macrophages. Within the macrophages, Leishmania differentiates from a motile, rod shaped, nonvirulent promastigotes to a non-motile, spherical shaped, virulent amastigotes. Differentiation is due to the high temperature of the mammalian host body, in addition to the low pH of the macrophage. In vitro, the cells are differentiated in Graces medium (pH 5.3) at 33◦C. I ...


Knowledge Of Clinical Measures And Healthcare Adherence In Young Gay And Bisexual Men Living With Hiv/Aids, Harry A. Persaud, Douglas Bruce May 2015

Knowledge Of Clinical Measures And Healthcare Adherence In Young Gay And Bisexual Men Living With Hiv/Aids, Harry A. Persaud, Douglas Bruce

DePaul Discoveries

Knowledge of HIV/AIDS test results and adherence to healthcare interventions are two important outcomes that reflect proper HIV/AIDS management. This study aimed to determine which demographic and HIV acceptance measures were significantly associated with health literacy and adherence indicators in young MSM. 200 HIV/AIDS positive young MSM completed computer based surveys regarding demographics, HIV/AIDS health literacy indicators, and HIV/AIDS acceptance measures. It was found that young African American MSM, in comparison to young white MSM, had lower odds of knowing both viral load and CD4 measures; health literacy indicators. Further, participants who had a high ...