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Articles 1 - 30 of 96744

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Increasing Patient Knowledge Of Obstructive Sleep Apnea And Sleep Studies, Billy Tran Jan 2017

Increasing Patient Knowledge Of Obstructive Sleep Apnea And Sleep Studies, Billy Tran

Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects

Sleep Apnea is a common and shockingly under-diagnosed disorder. OSA has various health consequences, including increased risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke. Many patients don't ask about OSA due to lack of awareness and an intimidation about the process of care for OSA. This project helps to increasing understanding of the sleep study and make OSA a more approachable disorder


Establishing A Center Of Excellence On Health Disparities In Rural Populations, Kathryn Anderson, B. Smalley, J. Warren Dec 2016

Establishing A Center Of Excellence On Health Disparities In Rural Populations, Kathryn Anderson, B. Smalley, J. Warren

Kathryn H. Anderson

No abstract provided.


Analysis Of Genetic Diversity Using Simple Sequence Repeat (Ssr) Markers And Growth Regulator Response In Biofield Treated Cotton (Gossypium Hirsutum L.), Mahendra Trivedi Nov 2016

Analysis Of Genetic Diversity Using Simple Sequence Repeat (Ssr) Markers And Growth Regulator Response In Biofield Treated Cotton (Gossypium Hirsutum L.), Mahendra Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Cotton is the most important crop for the production of fiber that plays a key role in economic and social affairs. The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of biofield energy treatment on cotton seeds regarding its growth, germination of seedling, glutathione (GSH) concentration, indole acetic acid (IAA) content and DNA fingerprinting using simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers for polymorphism analysis. The seeds of cotton cv. Stoneville-2 (Gossypium hirsutum L.) was obtained from DNA Land Marks Inc., Canada and divided into two groups. One group was remained as untreated, while the other was subjected to Mr. Trivedi ...


Effectiveness Of The Bridge/Adapt Program On Functional Skill Generalization After Acquired Brain Injury, Janice S. Li, Diana Lopez, Eugene Cheung, Angela Talamantez May 2016

Effectiveness Of The Bridge/Adapt Program On Functional Skill Generalization After Acquired Brain Injury, Janice S. Li, Diana Lopez, Eugene Cheung, Angela Talamantez

Master's Theses and Capstone Projects

This study explored the effectiveness of the Bridge/Adapt program for generalizing increased cognition to functional skills. Three participants, identified as having significant cognitive impairments as measured by the Cognistat assessment, participated in the Bridge/Adapt program, an eight-week program that includes both remedial and compensatory components. The remedial component used was a computer-based cognitive rehabilitation program called Parrot Software. Past studies have proven computer-based cognitive rehabilitation to be effective in increasing overall cognition. The Bridge/Adapt module is the compensatory component that utilized a variety of strategies and everyday tasks to facilitate the generalization of improved cognition to functional ...


Preventing And Reducing Falls In Assisted Living Facilities: An Educational Intervention, Jennifer A. Borcich, Raquel F. Ramos, Taylor S. Wong May 2016

Preventing And Reducing Falls In Assisted Living Facilities: An Educational Intervention, Jennifer A. Borcich, Raquel F. Ramos, Taylor S. Wong

Master's Theses and Capstone Projects

As the number of older adults continues to rise, falling in older adults has become a national health care issue. Many older adults who fall reside in assisted living facilities. Every time a fall incident occurs, first responders are called, utilizing a significant amount of first responder’s time and resources. Therefore, the purpose of this project was to implement a fall prevention program for residents of an assisted living facility (ALF) to reduce fall risk and fall-related calls to the local fire department. The project consisted of a four-week course given once weekly for 60 minutes to residents at ...


Capturing Success At Autistry Studios: A Qualitative Study, Ali Ives, Vince Colombano, Joey Bava May 2016

Capturing Success At Autistry Studios: A Qualitative Study, Ali Ives, Vince Colombano, Joey Bava

Master's Theses and Capstone Projects

This qualitative study examined the perceived outcomes of participation at Autistry Studios among young adult students with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Autistry Studios is a unique program offering services to individuals with ASD similar to that of a pre-vocational training program. The mission of Autistry Studios is to help students with ASD become independent adults by engaging in “project-based therapy.” A setting is provided where individuals with ASD can achieve personal and functional growth with the use of creative resources like art supplies, raw materials, and power tools to pursue and complete a project that is client-centered. The purpose of ...


The Lifestyle-Integrated Functional Exercise Program For Older Adults, Anna Lee, Courtney Beyer, Jessica Lim, Sienna Anderson May 2016

The Lifestyle-Integrated Functional Exercise Program For Older Adults, Anna Lee, Courtney Beyer, Jessica Lim, Sienna Anderson

Master's Theses and Capstone Projects

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, falls are the most common cause of fatal and non-fatal injuries among older adults over the age of 65 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2009). Falls can lead to a myriad of traumatic physical and emotional consequences. Integrated exercise programs such as the Lifestyle-integrated Functional Exercise (LiFE) program are effective in preventing falls and increasing fall efficacy in individuals who have previously fallen (Clemson et al., 2012). The purpose of our study was to examine if the LiFE program is as effective in reducing fall risk and increasing fall ...


Increasing Occupational Participation Of Older Adults With Low Vision Through An Occupation-Based Exercise Video, Valerie J. Deroos, Skyler Moon May 2016

Increasing Occupational Participation Of Older Adults With Low Vision Through An Occupation-Based Exercise Video, Valerie J. Deroos, Skyler Moon

Master's Theses and Capstone Projects

With the increasingly large population of older adults with low vision, many older adults would benefit from having a guide dog as an assistive device. When walking with a guide dog, different upper extremity muscles and postures are adopted to handle the guide dog. However, older adults with low vision may not be in the proper physical condition to meet the strenuous demands of handling a guide dog due to the normal aging process and decreased mobility. To prevent pain and injury, stretching and strengthening muscles used when handling a guide dog may benefit older adults before entering the Guide ...


Facilitating Effective Communication Between First Responders And Older Adults During Fall Incidents: An Educational Intervention, Krystin M. Beeman, Erica L. Berger, Isabel A. Cabezas, Nicole M. Mathews May 2016

Facilitating Effective Communication Between First Responders And Older Adults During Fall Incidents: An Educational Intervention, Krystin M. Beeman, Erica L. Berger, Isabel A. Cabezas, Nicole M. Mathews

Master's Theses and Capstone Projects

PURPOSE. The purpose of this project was to provide first responders with communication strategies for older adults that may help when responding to fall- related calls. General information was also provided to First Responders on working with older adults with a focus on the aging process, fall risk factors, and communications strategies.

METHODS. A series of educational sessions to first responders at a local fire district were developed and presented by occupational therapy students. Materials were developed by presenters from evidence-based resources and tailored to the target population. Each presentation focused on statistics about older adults, the aging process, fall ...


Awpptfinal.Pptx, Elizabeth J Walters Apr 2016

Awpptfinal.Pptx, Elizabeth J Walters

Elizabeth Walters

Return To Learn & Why It Matters To Educators


Heredity In The Epigenetic Era: Are We Facing A Politics Of Reproductive Obligations?, Michael J. Crawford Apr 2016

Heredity In The Epigenetic Era: Are We Facing A Politics Of Reproductive Obligations?, Michael J. Crawford

Biological Sciences Publications

Recent research in the emerging field of epigenetics has implications with the potential to re-ignite acrimony in the discourse of reproductive rights, medical ethics, and the role of the state in our homes and in our lives. For scientists, epigenetics has profoundly realigned our understanding of heredity: epigenetics provides a mechanism through which the environmental challenges met in one generation can be inscribed and transmitted to future offspring. Although both genetic parents have the potential to transmit heritable epigenetic changes to their offspring, mothers have a particularly potent effect because nutrition in the uterine environment can exert a supplemental effect ...


Examining The Validity Of The Preschool Kitchen Task Assessment, Christine Kim, Angelica Soltis Apr 2016

Examining The Validity Of The Preschool Kitchen Task Assessment, Christine Kim, Angelica Soltis

Master's Theses and Capstone Projects

Background and purpose. Executive function (EF) skills are necessary to set a strong foundation for play development, school readiness and social participation in young children. However, few ecologically valid assessments are available to detect potential executive function deficits in preschool aged children. The Preschool Kitchen Task Assessment (PKTA) is a new tool that measures EF in preschool aged children. The PKTA was adapted from the Kitchen Task Assessment and The Children Task Assessment by Christine Berg, Ph.D., OTR/L. This study aimed to validate the PKTA as an ecological assessment of EF in preschool aged children.

Subjects. Twenty-four typically ...


Does Allicin Combined With Vitamin B-Complex Have Superior Potentials Than Α-Tocopherol Alone In Ameliorating Lead Acetate-Induced Purkinje Cell Alterations In Rats? An Immunohistochemical And Ultrastructural Study, Hesham N Mustafa, Adel M Hussein Feb 2016

Does Allicin Combined With Vitamin B-Complex Have Superior Potentials Than Α-Tocopherol Alone In Ameliorating Lead Acetate-Induced Purkinje Cell Alterations In Rats? An Immunohistochemical And Ultrastructural Study, Hesham N Mustafa, Adel M Hussein

Dr. Hesham N Mustafa

BACKGROUND:
The current article aims to explore the protective potentials of α-tocopherol alone and the combination of allicin and vitamin B-complex against lead-acetate neurotoxicity on the cerebellar cortex.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Forty rats were divided into four groups (n=10). Group 1 was the control group. Group 2 received 10 mg/kg body weight (BW) of lead acetate. Group 3 was exposed to 10 mg/kg BW of lead acetate plus a combination of allicin (100 mg/kg BW) and vit. B-complex (40 mg/kg BW). Group 4 was administered lead acetate (10 mg/kg BW) and α-tocopherol (100 mg ...


Select: Re-Envisioning Physician Leadership, Margaret A. Hadinger Edd, Ms, Rahul Mhaskar Md, Mph, Phd Feb 2016

Select: Re-Envisioning Physician Leadership, Margaret A. Hadinger Edd, Ms, Rahul Mhaskar Md, Mph, Phd

Division of Education

No abstract provided.


Developmental Disabilities: What Every Health Care Professional Needs To Know, Tyler Reimschisel Feb 2016

Developmental Disabilities: What Every Health Care Professional Needs To Know, Tyler Reimschisel

College of Medical Sciences Lectures

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

At the end of this session, the learner should be able to

  1. discuss core principles of typical childhood development
  2. describe the approach to a child with possible developmental delay
  3. compare and contrast the clinical presentation, evaluation, and management of three representative developmental disabilities: intellectual disability, autism, and cerebral palsy


Client Satisfaction Survey For Hiv/Aids Dental Care Services: An Example From Rural Texas, H. Stephen Cooper Ph.D., Lcsw, Freddie L. Avant Ph.D., Lmsw-Ap, Acsw, C-Ssws, Kim L. Rich-Rice Ph.D., Lmsw-Ipr Feb 2016

Client Satisfaction Survey For Hiv/Aids Dental Care Services: An Example From Rural Texas, H. Stephen Cooper Ph.D., Lcsw, Freddie L. Avant Ph.D., Lmsw-Ap, Acsw, C-Ssws, Kim L. Rich-Rice Ph.D., Lmsw-Ipr

Journal of Human Services: Training, Research, and Practice

The challenges to examining client satisfaction are demonstrated through an evaluation of dental services provided by a regional service provider to people living with HIV/AIDS. The process of developing and administering a measure of client satisfaction is discussed. Forty-one of 350 (11.7%) dental clients chose to participate. Quantitative and qualitative data suggests that overall participants are satisfied with services. Identified concerns included a lack of specialized dental, medical, mental health, and case management services. Implications of the study for service delivery, future evaluations, and rural social work practice are addressed.


Health Care Clinicians' Compliance With Conducting Spiritual Assessments And Providing Spiritual Care To Infertile Women, Lesa Miller Feb 2016

Health Care Clinicians' Compliance With Conducting Spiritual Assessments And Providing Spiritual Care To Infertile Women, Lesa Miller

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Infertility is a disease that can cause psychological impairments in women, and the inability to achieve motherhood brings about cultural and social stigma. Spirituality is a protective element that may provide consolation to women experiencing infertility, yet the literature has shown that few clinicians conduct spirituality assessments or provide spiritual care to patients. The objectives of this scholarly project were to conduct an assessment to determine the needs of health care clinicians in regard to spirituality and spiritual patient care and to develop an educational module based on identified knowledge deficits. Guided by the knowledge-to-action cycle, a needs assessment was ...


Recruitment And Retention Of Hispanic Nursing Students: Through The Lens Of Associate Degree Nursing Program Administrators And Hispanic Nursing Students, Debra Jean Handlos Devoe Feb 2016

Recruitment And Retention Of Hispanic Nursing Students: Through The Lens Of Associate Degree Nursing Program Administrators And Hispanic Nursing Students, Debra Jean Handlos Devoe

Theses and Dissertations

The Hispanic population in the United States is changing and will constitute 30% of the population in 2050; however, the Hispanic registered nurse population is less than 3%. Cultural differences between patients and nurses may cause harm and a mistrust that can affect patient outcomes. A mixed methods convergent research study was done by an electronic survey, non-electronic surveys, telephone interviews, and focus groups to compare the perceptions of nursing program administrators at seven community colleges in a Mid-Atlantic state, in the United States, and the perceptions of 15 Hispanic nursing students regarding the challenges, barriers, and obstacles of Hispanic ...


Maternal Anxiety Associated With Newborn Hearing Screening, Stephen J. Tueller, Karl R. White Feb 2016

Maternal Anxiety Associated With Newborn Hearing Screening, Stephen J. Tueller, Karl R. White

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

The purpose of this study was to determine if newborn hearing screening increases maternal anxiety. Mothers whose infants were screened for hearing were asked how worried they were prior to hospital discharge and again six weeks later. They were also asked if they were more concerned about their baby’s hearing than they were about other aspects of the infant’s health and behavior.

Results showed that mothers worried as much or more about many other aspects of their infants’ health and behavior as about hearing. Mothers whose infants had a false positive screening result were initially more worried about ...


Readability, User-Friendliness, And Key Content Analysis Of Newborn Hearing Screening Brochures, Nannette C. Nicholson, Samuel R. Atcherson, Patti F. Martin, Mary Gunn Spragins, Lauren Schlagenhauf, Richard I. Zraick Feb 2016

Readability, User-Friendliness, And Key Content Analysis Of Newborn Hearing Screening Brochures, Nannette C. Nicholson, Samuel R. Atcherson, Patti F. Martin, Mary Gunn Spragins, Lauren Schlagenhauf, Richard I. Zraick

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

Readability, user-friendliness, and key content are important components of newborn screening brochure design. Health information at a sixth grade or below reading level, designed for ease of navigation, with easily identifiable “action steps” can help adults with limited literacy skills find, understand, and use health information. The purpose of this study was to quantify the readability, user-friendliness, and key content components of newborn hearing screening brochures. Five readability formulae (FRE, F–K GL, FOG, FORCAST, and SMOG) were used to estimate reading levels of English language EHDI brochures (N = 48). Twenty-three participants assessed brochures for user-friendliness. Three participants assessed brochures ...


Wic Participation As A Risk Factor For Loss To Follow-Up In The Wisconsin Ehdi System, Elizabeth L. Seeliger, Rebecca A. Martin, Andrea N. Gromoske, Anne B. Harris Feb 2016

Wic Participation As A Risk Factor For Loss To Follow-Up In The Wisconsin Ehdi System, Elizabeth L. Seeliger, Rebecca A. Martin, Andrea N. Gromoske, Anne B. Harris

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

In 2011, Wisconsin’s Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI) program, Wisconsin Sound Beginnings (WSB), developed multiple strategies to reduce loss to follow-up (LTFU) for babies who did not pass their newborn hearing screening: Medical Outreach, Family Outreach, Regional Outreach and WIC Alert. WSB evaluated the outcomes of babies identified as at-risk for LTFU to determine whether WIC participation was an indicator of their risk for LTFU. Additionally, WSB evaluated whether babies who were identified as at-risk for LTFU and receiving WIC services in two WIC projects serving areas and populations with known health disparities, were at even greater risk ...


Professional Competence To Promote Resilience For Children Living In Poverty, Jenna M. Voss, Susan Lenihan Feb 2016

Professional Competence To Promote Resilience For Children Living In Poverty, Jenna M. Voss, Susan Lenihan

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

Poverty has a tremendous impact on the educational results of all children, including those who are deaf or hard of hearing. With targeted, evidence-based interventions during the first three years of life, Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI) professionals can protect children from the numerous risk factors which impede development. While EHDI professionals often serve children and families living in poverty, it remains the case that the professional preparation programs offer limited instruction and experience in how to best serve children and families living in poverty. The purpose of this study was to explore professional preparedness to serve children who ...


Outsourcing Hospital-Based Newborn Hearing Screening: Key Questions And Considerations, Randi L. Winston, Jackson Roush Feb 2016

Outsourcing Hospital-Based Newborn Hearing Screening: Key Questions And Considerations, Randi L. Winston, Jackson Roush

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

This article reviews the essential components of a high quality newborn hearing screening program and it examines important questions and considerations for hospitals considering outsourcing of newborn hearing screening. Specific issues include hiring, training, and evaluation of personnel; special considerations for the NICU; implications of a screening model that requires families to “opt-in”; implications for choice of technology; instrumentation and screening protocols; tracking and surveillance for infants who do not pass the initial screening; billing and collection practices; and the impact of outsourcing on a hospital’s institutional mission.


The Role Of Family-Led Disability Organizations In Supporting Families With Hearing-Related Concerns, Diane D. Behl, Janet Desgeorges, Karl R. White Feb 2016

The Role Of Family-Led Disability Organizations In Supporting Families With Hearing-Related Concerns, Diane D. Behl, Janet Desgeorges, Karl R. White

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

A survey was conducted with state level chapters from Family Voices, Parent Training and Information Centers, and Parent–to-Parent USA to understand their current activities support families of children with hearing-related concerns and to identify gaps in their ability to support families of children who are D/HH. these organizations reported that they are contacted with parent requests for information in regard to family support opportunities, early intervention, referral sources pertaining to hearing concerns, financial help, and providing information about legal rights. Results showed that the greatest challenges for these organizations were related to needing to connect families to financial ...


Effective And Efficient Pre-School Hearing Screening: Essential For Successful Ehdi, James W. Hall Feb 2016

Effective And Efficient Pre-School Hearing Screening: Essential For Successful Ehdi, James W. Hall

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

Effective and efficient pre-school hearing screening is an essential component of a successful EHDI program.


The Irish National Adverse Events Study (Inaes): The Frequency And Nature Of Adverse Events In Irish Hospitals - A Retrospective Record Review Study, Natasha Rafter, Anne Hickey, Ronán Conroy, Sarah Condell, Paul O'Connor, David Vaughan, Gillian Walsh, David Williams Feb 2016

The Irish National Adverse Events Study (Inaes): The Frequency And Nature Of Adverse Events In Irish Hospitals - A Retrospective Record Review Study, Natasha Rafter, Anne Hickey, Ronán Conroy, Sarah Condell, Paul O'Connor, David Vaughan, Gillian Walsh, David Williams

Geriatric and Stroke Medicine Articles

Introduction Irish healthcare has undergone extensive change recently with spending cuts and a focus on quality initiatives; however, little is known about adverse event occurrence. Objective To assess the frequency and nature of adverse events in Irish hospitals.
Methods1574 (53% women, mean age 54 years) randomly selected adult inpatient admissions from a sample of eight hospitals, stratified by region and size, across the Republic of Ireland in 2009 were reviewed using twostage (nurse review of patient charts, followed by physician review of triggered charts) retrospective chart review with electronic data capture. Results were weighted to reflect the sampling strategy ...


How Do Fat Cells Work?, Stacey Cahn, Christopher Adams Feb 2016

How Do Fat Cells Work?, Stacey Cahn, Christopher Adams

Stacey C. Cahn

Basic facts about fat.


Data Extraction And Management In Networks Of Observational Health Care Databases For Scientific Research: A Comparison Among Eu-Adr, Omop, Mini-Sentinel And Matrice Strategies, Rosa Gini Dr, Martijn Schuemie, Jeffrey Brown, Patrick Ryan, Edoardo Vacchi, Massimo Coppola, Walter Cazzola, Preciosa Coloma, Roberto Berni, Gayo Diallo, José Luis Oliveira, Paul Avillach, Gianluca Trifirò, Peter Rijnbeek, Mariadonata Bellentani, Johan Van Der Lei, Niek Klazinga, Miriam Sturkenboom Feb 2016

Data Extraction And Management In Networks Of Observational Health Care Databases For Scientific Research: A Comparison Among Eu-Adr, Omop, Mini-Sentinel And Matrice Strategies, Rosa Gini Dr, Martijn Schuemie, Jeffrey Brown, Patrick Ryan, Edoardo Vacchi, Massimo Coppola, Walter Cazzola, Preciosa Coloma, Roberto Berni, Gayo Diallo, José Luis Oliveira, Paul Avillach, Gianluca Trifirò, Peter Rijnbeek, Mariadonata Bellentani, Johan Van Der Lei, Niek Klazinga, Miriam Sturkenboom

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Introduction

To achieve fast and transparent production of empirical evidence in healthcare research we see increased use of existing observational data. Multiple databases are often used, to increase power or assess rare exposures or outcomes or study diverse populations. For privacy and sociological reasons, original data on individual subjects can’t be shared, requiring a distributed network approach where data processing is performed prior to data sharing.

Case Descriptions and Variation Among Sites

We created a conceptual framework distinguishing three steps in local data processing: (1) data reorganization into a data structure common across the network; (2) derivation of study ...


Ophthalmic Drugs 2016, Lorne Yudcovitch Feb 2016

Ophthalmic Drugs 2016, Lorne Yudcovitch

Faculty Scholarship (COO)

This chart serves as a basic reference guide showcasing the most common ophthalmic drugs, updated as of the beginning of 2016. Both topical ophthalmic and oral medications indicated for the eye are included, with Food and Drug Administration/American Academy of Ophthalmology cap color representation when indicated. Medications with generic versions are noted with an asterisk(*).


Abnormal Uterine Bleeding Guidelines And Clinical Practice Are Based On Poor Quality Evidence, Mirek Mychajlowycz Feb 2016

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding Guidelines And Clinical Practice Are Based On Poor Quality Evidence, Mirek Mychajlowycz

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Munro MG, Mainor N, Basu R, Brisinger M, Barreda L. Oral medroxyprogesterone acetate and combination oral contraceptives for acute uterine bleeding: A randomized controlled trial. Obstet Gynecol. 2006 Oct;108(4):924-929. doi:10.1097/01.AOG.0000238343.62063.22