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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Ngo's Bpa Report Intended To Frighten, Not Enlighten., Robert L. Brent Dr. Oct 2015

Ngo's Bpa Report Intended To Frighten, Not Enlighten., Robert L. Brent Dr.

The Selected Works of Robert Brent

None


Healthcare Information Systems: Opportunities And Challenges, Madison Ngafeeson Oct 2015

Healthcare Information Systems: Opportunities And Challenges, Madison Ngafeeson

Madison Ngafeeson

No abstract provided.


Cara Hidup Sehat, Eyondd Wae Lee Eyondd Apr 2015

Cara Hidup Sehat, Eyondd Wae Lee Eyondd

eyondd wae lee eyondd

Sebuah Cara hidup sehat kualitas dalam hal wanita muda tanpa cacat yang telah diperiksa oleh metode spesialis adalah batas pinggang - pinggul sekitar 0 . tujuh puluh . Fisiologi telah demostrated bahwa wanita dengan jam pasir detail yang lebih matang daripada beberapa wanita muda yang berbeda berdasarkan langkah-langkah yang lebih baik dari hormon manusia perempuan tertentu , realitas yang akan pria sadar keadaan memilih kaki . Orang-orang yang dibangkitkan oleh gambar banyak individu mengungkap dalam media untuk menemukan apa yang tegas atau sama sekali tidak sempurna . Beberapa feminis dan tambahan dokter [ tidak jelas ] menggabungkan diberdayakan yang untuk gelar besar bentuk tipis diperkenalkan dalam buku harian ...


Pediatric Emergency Medical Care In Yerevan, Armenia: A Knowledge And Attitudes Survey Of Out-Of-Hospital Emergency Physicians., Aline A. Baghdassarian, Ross I. Donaldson, Andrew D Depiero, Nancy L Chernett, Harsh P. Sule Md Dec 2014

Pediatric Emergency Medical Care In Yerevan, Armenia: A Knowledge And Attitudes Survey Of Out-Of-Hospital Emergency Physicians., Aline A. Baghdassarian, Ross I. Donaldson, Andrew D Depiero, Nancy L Chernett, Harsh P. Sule Md

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Out-of-hospital emergency care is at an early stage of development in Armenia, with the current emergency medical services (EMS) system having emergency physicians (EPs) work on ambulances along with nurses. While efforts are underway by the Ministry of Health and other organizations to reform the EMS system, little data exists on the status of pediatric emergency care (PEC) in the country. We designed this study to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes of out-of-hospital emergency physicians in pediatric rapid assessment and resuscitation, and identify areas for PEC improvement.

METHODS: We distributed an anonymous, self-administered Knowledge and Attitudes survey to a ...


Examining Success In Health Information Technology Implementation Research, Madison Ngafeeson Nov 2014

Examining Success In Health Information Technology Implementation Research, Madison Ngafeeson

Conference Presentations

The implementation of health information systems (IS) is rapidly increasing. In the United States, $70 billion will be invested by the government to facilitate the adoption of the electronic health record over a ten-year period. However, IS acceptance is not success. We use content analysis to investigate the success component.


Continuity Of Mammalian Fauna Over The Last 200,000 Y In The Indian Subcontinent, Patrick Roberts, Eric Delson, Preston Miracle, Peter Ditchfield, Richard G. Roberts, Zenobia Jacobs, James Blinkhorn, Russell L. Ciochon, John G. Fleagle, Stephen R. Frost, Christopher C. Gilbert, Greg F. Gunnell, Terry Harrison, Ravi Korisettar, Michael D. Petraglia Oct 2014

Continuity Of Mammalian Fauna Over The Last 200,000 Y In The Indian Subcontinent, Patrick Roberts, Eric Delson, Preston Miracle, Peter Ditchfield, Richard G. Roberts, Zenobia Jacobs, James Blinkhorn, Russell L. Ciochon, John G. Fleagle, Stephen R. Frost, Christopher C. Gilbert, Greg F. Gunnell, Terry Harrison, Ravi Korisettar, Michael D. Petraglia

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers

Mammalian extinction worldwide during the Late Pleistocene has been a major focus for Quaternary biochronology and paleoecology. These extinctions have been variably attributed to the impacts of climate change and human interference. However, until relatively recently, research has been largely restricted to the Americas, Europe, and Australasia. We present the oldest Middle-Late Pleistocene stratified and numerically dated faunal succession for the Indian subcontinent from the Billasurgam cave complex. Our data demonstrate continuity of 20 of 21 identified mammalian taxa from at least 100,000 y ago to the present, and in some cases up to 200,000 y ago. Comparison ...


Cleveland's Bitter Pill: A Diagnosis Of Injured Title Dreams And Die Hard Fans, Joseph Congeni Oct 2014

Cleveland's Bitter Pill: A Diagnosis Of Injured Title Dreams And Die Hard Fans, Joseph Congeni

University Press Publications

This collection of stories examines Cleveland's athletic teams and injuries that have hindered their quests for championships. From rotator cuffs to knee ligaments, from sprained ankles to sprained backs, and from broken legs to broken arms, Cleveland's misery has taken some of its best athletes and immobilized them at inopportune times. Shaq gave fans his inside dominance and his ailing thumb in 2010. Herb Score was a blazing lefthander until he took a line drive to the face in 1957. When the Las Vegas oddsmakers picked the Brown to win the Super Bowl in 1988, Bernie Kosar's ...


A Characterization Of The Dynamic Interaction Between The Pro-Apoptotic Protein Bid And The Mitochondrial Outer Membrane, Aisha Shamas-Din Ms. Oct 2014

A Characterization Of The Dynamic Interaction Between The Pro-Apoptotic Protein Bid And The Mitochondrial Outer Membrane, Aisha Shamas-Din Ms.

Open Access Dissertations and Theses

Bcl-2 family of proteins regulate apoptosis at the level of the mitochondrial outer membrane (MOM) through both protein-protein and protein-membrane interactions. While the role of the membrane as the “locus of action” has been recognized, the detailed molecular mechanisms and the consequences of the interactions of Bcl-2 family members with the membrane are yet to be fully understood. The findings presented here focus on the dynamic interactions of Bcl-2 proteins, most notably tBid with the MOM, and their functional significance on mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization. We show that the activation of tBid is a multi-step process that is regulated by ...


The Reliability And Validity Of The Ten Test And Exploring A New, Visual Version, Nancy Durrant Oct 2014

The Reliability And Validity Of The Ten Test And Exploring A New, Visual Version, Nancy Durrant

Open Access Dissertations and Theses

Sensation threshold assessment is an important component of physical assessment. Current literature has either limited information on the clinical measurement properties of sensory threshold tests, or has demonstrated concerns in reliability, validity, responsiveness and/or clinical utility. The Ten Test (TT) is an easy and quantifiable test of moving light touch sensation requiring no equipment, however; evidence regarding its reliability and validity are limited. In this thesis, I explored the test-retest reliability and concurrent validity of the Ten Test. I also developed a new, visual version of the Ten Test which was assessed for concurrent validity and patient preferences. The ...


Silence Is The Loudest Sound, Emma Christian Oct 2014

Silence Is The Loudest Sound, Emma Christian

Honors College

Rhinoceros poaching is an act of killing a rhinoceros in order to take its horn, which is then used for human consumption or for cultural traditions. Both the Asian and the African rhinoceros are targets because of the demand from China, Vietnam, Yemen, and other countries around the world. Traditional Chinese Medicine practice is the main demand for rhinoceros horn and this demand in rhinoceros horn has caused an increase in the black market. Conservation of the rhinoceros is decreasing primarily because the price of rhinoceros horn is more than double the average household income in South Africa, thus making ...


Gsbs News, Fall 2014, Graduate School Of Biomedical Sciences, University Of Texas Health Science Center At Houston/M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Oct 2014

Gsbs News, Fall 2014, Graduate School Of Biomedical Sciences, University Of Texas Health Science Center At Houston/M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

UT GSBS News

No abstract provided.


Mindful Eating: Trait And State Mindfulness Predict Healthier Eating Behavior, Christian H. Jordan, Wan Wang, Linda R. Donatoni '10, Brian P. Meier Oct 2014

Mindful Eating: Trait And State Mindfulness Predict Healthier Eating Behavior, Christian H. Jordan, Wan Wang, Linda R. Donatoni '10, Brian P. Meier

Psychology Faculty Publications

Obesity and excess weight are significant societal problems. Mindfulness may encourage healthier weight and eating habits. Across four studies, we found a positive relation between mindfulness and healthier eating. Trait mindfulness was associated with less impulsive eating, reduced calorie consumption, and healthier snack choices. In addition, we found a causal effect of mindfulness on healthier eating. An experimental manipulation of state mindfulness led participants to consume fewer calories in a spontaneous eating task. We also found preliminary evidence that mindfulness affects eating behavior by encouraging attitudinal preferences for healthier foods. Taken together, these results provide strong evidence that mindfulness encourages ...


Subperiosteal Hematoma Of Orbit An Interesting Case Report And Review Of Literature, Balasubramanian Thiagarajan Sep 2014

Subperiosteal Hematoma Of Orbit An Interesting Case Report And Review Of Literature, Balasubramanian Thiagarajan

Balasubramanian Thiagarajan

Subperiosteal Hematoma orbit is an uncommon disorder which may occur following injury to orbit. Of course there are other causes that cause this condition as well. This condition has been reported in young adults. This case report discusses a patient who developed subperiosteal hematoma following trivial injury to orbit. Since this condition had occurred following trivial injury to orbit diagnosis was not made pre operatively. It was discovered only on the table. A high index of suspicion and an accurate history is necessary to identify this condition. This case is being reported not only for its rarity but also to ...


Mapping Regions Of Rnf168 Required For Its Degradation By Icp0, Andrea Cyr, Matthew Weitzman Sep 2014

Mapping Regions Of Rnf168 Required For Its Degradation By Icp0, Andrea Cyr, Matthew Weitzman

e-Research: A Journal of Undergraduate Work

Viruses establish infection by overtaking host cell processes and developing mechanisms that promote viral replication. Herpes simplex virus undergoes lytic and latent cycles of infection throughout the lifespan of its host. The viral genome is transcriptionally silent during latency, but viral proteins are produced upon reactivation. Herpes simplex virus type 1 encodes the ICP0 protein, an E3 ubiquitin ligase required for reactivation from latency of the infectious virus. The immediate-early protein ICP0 regulates the herpes simplex virus by activating viral gene expression thereby initiating lytic infection. Cellular proteins are degraded by ICP0, promoting the virus to enter the lytic cycle ...


The Ebola Epidemic: A Public Health Emergency Of International Concern, Lawrence O. Gostin, Daniel Lucey, Alexandra Phelan Sep 2014

The Ebola Epidemic: A Public Health Emergency Of International Concern, Lawrence O. Gostin, Daniel Lucey, Alexandra Phelan

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

On August 8, 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) Director-General Margaret Chan declared the West Africa Ebola crises a “public health emergency of international concern,” triggering powers under the 2005 International Health Regulations (IHR).

The most affected West African states have attempted classic public health measures with varied success, including quarantine and isolation, social distancing, risk communication, and travel restrictions. These have involved a trade off between population health and human rights; sometimes to the disadvantage of both. At the same time, the countries’ health systems and human resources are fragile, impeding an effective response.

Beyond the public health and ...


Annotated Bibliography: Interaction With Animals (1998-2013), Erich Yahner Sep 2014

Annotated Bibliography: Interaction With Animals (1998-2013), Erich Yahner

Humane Education

No abstract provided.


Annotated Bibliography: Humane Education (1998-2013), Erich Yahner Sep 2014

Annotated Bibliography: Humane Education (1998-2013), Erich Yahner

Humane Education

No abstract provided.


Annotated Bibliography: Cruelty To Animals And Violence To Humans (1998-2013), Erich Yahner Sep 2014

Annotated Bibliography: Cruelty To Animals And Violence To Humans (1998-2013), Erich Yahner

Humane Education

No abstract provided.


Annotated Bibliography: Attitudes Toward Wildlife And The Environment (1998-2013), Erich Yahner Sep 2014

Annotated Bibliography: Attitudes Toward Wildlife And The Environment (1998-2013), Erich Yahner

Humane Education

No abstract provided.


Annotated Bibliography: Attitudes Toward Animals (1998-2013), Erich Yahner Sep 2014

Annotated Bibliography: Attitudes Toward Animals (1998-2013), Erich Yahner

Humane Education

No abstract provided.


Annotated Bibliography: Attitudes Toward Animal Research (1998-2013), Erich Yahner Sep 2014

Annotated Bibliography: Attitudes Toward Animal Research (1998-2013), Erich Yahner

Humane Education

No abstract provided.


Perampanel Inhibition Of Ampa Receptor Currents In Cultured Hippocampal Neurons, Chao-Yin Chen, Lucas Matt, Johannes Wilhelm Hell, Michael A. Rogawski Sep 2014

Perampanel Inhibition Of Ampa Receptor Currents In Cultured Hippocampal Neurons, Chao-Yin Chen, Lucas Matt, Johannes Wilhelm Hell, Michael A. Rogawski

Michael A. Rogawski

Perampanel is an aryl substituted 2-pyridone AMPA receptor antagonist that was recently approved as a treatment for epilepsy. The drug potently inhibits AMPA receptor responses but the mode of block has not been characterized. Here the action of perampanel on AMPA receptors was investigated by whole-cell voltage-clamp recording in cultured rat hippocampal neurons. Perampanel caused a slow (τ~1 s at 3 µM), concentration-dependent inhibition of AMPA receptor currents evoked by AMPA and kainate. The rates of block and unblock of AMPA receptor currents were 1.5×105 M−1 s−1 and 0.58 s−1, respectively. Perampanel did ...


Sustainability Considerations For Health Research And Analytic Data Infrastructures, Adam Wilcox, Gurvaneet Randhawa, Peter Embi, Hui Cao, Gil Kuperman Sep 2014

Sustainability Considerations For Health Research And Analytic Data Infrastructures, Adam Wilcox, Gurvaneet Randhawa, Peter Embi, Hui Cao, Gil Kuperman

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Introduction: The United States has made recent large investments in creating data infrastructures to support the important goals of patient-centered outcomes research (PCOR) and comparative effectiveness research (CER), with still more investment planned. These initial investments, while critical to the creation of the infrastructures, are not expected to sustain them much beyond the initial development. To provide the maximum benefit, the infrastructures need to be sustained through innovative financing models while providing value to PCOR and CER researchers.

Sustainability Factors: Based on our experience with creating flexible sustainability strategies (i.e., strategies that are adaptive to the different characteristics and ...


Treating Cocaine Dependency With Psychopharmacotherapy And Behavioral Therapy, Robyn Liebman Sep 2014

Treating Cocaine Dependency With Psychopharmacotherapy And Behavioral Therapy, Robyn Liebman

e-Research: A Journal of Undergraduate Work

Cocaine is an addictive drug that affects more than 14 million people globally, according to the United Nations. This paper is a conceptual meta-analysis of numerous studies that tested the effects of psychopharmacological therapy along with behavioral therapy in the treatment of cocaine addiction. It is hypothesized that cocaine dependent individuals treated with a combination of psychopharmacological and behavioral therapies will be less likely to use cocaine. Measurements of cocaine use throughout the experiments were generally assessed by urine screenings. Results indicate that there is more evidence that a combination of psychopharmacological and behavioral therapies will reduce cocaine use. There ...


The Effect Of Pomegranate Juice Extract On The Hedgehog Signaling Pathway In Pancreatic Cancer, Veronica Gomez, Talia Shackelford, Autumn Tocchi, Melissa Rowland-Goldsmith, Ph.D. Sep 2014

The Effect Of Pomegranate Juice Extract On The Hedgehog Signaling Pathway In Pancreatic Cancer, Veronica Gomez, Talia Shackelford, Autumn Tocchi, Melissa Rowland-Goldsmith, Ph.D.

e-Research: A Journal of Undergraduate Work

Pancreatic cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer death in the United States. There have been several reports indicating that phytochemicals in fruits can reduce the risk of cancer due to the anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of the polyphenols. Our lab has shown that pomegranate juice extract (PJE) has anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects in human pancreatic cancer cells. In the past, we have shown that cells adhere more strongly to the plate when treated with PJE. This observation prompted an investigation of how PJE regulates cell adhesion proteins. Previously, our lab investigated E-cadherin, a cell adhesion protein. Upon activation ...


Regulating The Placebo Effect In Clinical Practice, Tracey E. Chan Sep 2014

Regulating The Placebo Effect In Clinical Practice, Tracey E. Chan

Tracey E Chan

Recent research and ethical analysis have forced a clinical and ethical reappraisal of the utility of placebos in medical practice. The main concern of ethics and law is that using placebos in health care involves deception, which is antithetical to patient autonomy and trust in the physician-patient relationship. This paper reviews the various, more nuanced scientific conceptions of the placebo effect, and evaluates the ethical and legal objections to deploying placebos in clinical practice. It argues that the placebo effect may be legitimately accommodated on the basis that it does not engage the requirement for material or quasi-fiduciary disclosures of ...


The Historic Role Of Boards Of Health In Local Innovation: New York City’S Soda Portion Case, Lawrence O. Gostin, Belinda H. Reeve, Marice Ashe Sep 2014

The Historic Role Of Boards Of Health In Local Innovation: New York City’S Soda Portion Case, Lawrence O. Gostin, Belinda H. Reeve, Marice Ashe

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

Childhood and adult obesity pose major risks for cancer, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease, with the poor and racial minorities suffering from disproportionately high burdens of obesity and chronic disease. With current policies failing, cities and states have moved forward with creative prevention measures–-with boards of health driving policy innovation in many local jurisdictions. The New York City Board of Board of Health’s (NYCBH) soda portion limit pushed the boundaries of innovation, but was struck down on June 26, 2014 by New York State’s highest court, which held that the Board trespassed on the City Council’s authority ...


Integrated Approach For Accurate Localization Of Optic Disc And Macula, Vaanathi Sundaresan, Keerthi Ram, Niranjan Joshi, Mohanasankar Sivaprakasam, Rashmin Gandhi Sep 2014

Integrated Approach For Accurate Localization Of Optic Disc And Macula, Vaanathi Sundaresan, Keerthi Ram, Niranjan Joshi, Mohanasankar Sivaprakasam, Rashmin Gandhi

Ophthalmic Medical Image Analysis

The location of three main anatomical structures in the retina namely the optic disc, the vascular arch, and the macula is significant for the analysis of retinal images. Presented here is a novel method that uses an integrated approach to automatically localize the optic disc and the macula with very high accuracy even in the presence of confounders such as lens artifacts, glare, bright pathologies and acquisition variations such as non-uniform illumination, blur and poor contrast. Evaluated on a collective set of 579 diverse pathological images from various publicly available datasets, our method achieves sensitivity > 99% and normalized localization error < 5% for optic disc and macula localization.


Computer-Aided Diagnosis System For The Assessment Of Retinal Vascular Changes, Behdad Dashtbozorg, Ana Maria Mendonca, Susana Penas, Aurelio Campilho Sep 2014

Computer-Aided Diagnosis System For The Assessment Of Retinal Vascular Changes, Behdad Dashtbozorg, Ana Maria Mendonca, Susana Penas, Aurelio Campilho

Ophthalmic Medical Image Analysis

This paper presents an automatic application that provides several retinal image analysis functionalities, namely vessel segmentation, vessel width estimation, artery/vein classification and optic disc segmentation. A pipeline of these methods allows the computation of important vessel related indexes, namely the Central Retinal Arteriolar Equivalent (CRAE), Central Retinal Venular Equivalent (CRVE) and Arteriolar-to-Venular Ratio (AVR), as well as various geometrical features associated with vessel bifurcations. The results for AVR estimation were assessed using the images of INSPIRE-AVR dataset; for this dataset, the mean error of the measured AVR values with respect to the reference was identical to the one achieved ...


Computer-Aided Diagnosis System For The Assessment Of Retinal Vascular Changes, Behdad Dashtbozorg, Ana Maria Mendonca, Susana Penas, Aurelio Campilho Sep 2014

Computer-Aided Diagnosis System For The Assessment Of Retinal Vascular Changes, Behdad Dashtbozorg, Ana Maria Mendonca, Susana Penas, Aurelio Campilho

Ophthalmic Medical Image Analysis

This paper presents an automatic application that provides several retinal image analysis functionalities, namely vessel segmentation, vessel width estimation, artery/vein classification and optic disc segmentation. A pipeline of these methods allows the computation of important vessel related indexes, namely the Central Retinal Arteriolar Equivalent (CRAE), Central Retinal Venular Equivalent (CRVE) and Arteriolar-to-Venular Ratio (AVR), as well as various geometrical features associated with vessel bifurcations. The results for AVR estimation were assessed using the images of INSPIRE-AVR dataset; for this dataset, the mean error of the measured AVR values with respect to the reference was identical to the one achieved ...