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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Mechanical Properties Of Canine Patella-Ligament-Tibia Segment., Jeffery Biskup, Andy Freeman, W Camisa, J Innes, Michael Conzemius Jan 2104

Mechanical Properties Of Canine Patella-Ligament-Tibia Segment., Jeffery Biskup, Andy Freeman, W Camisa, J Innes, Michael Conzemius

Jeffery Biskup, DVM, DACVS

OBJECTIVE: To test the ex vivo mechanical properties of canine patella-ligament-tibia (PLT) segment and establish the relationship between donor size and PLT dimensions to the mechanical properties of PLT grafts.STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo mechanical testing study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Canine PLT segments (n = 21 dogs; 42 PLT). METHODS:Morphometric measurements of PLT segments were taken from computed tomography (CT) images and compared with results obtained using calipers. PLT were tested to failure at a rate of 100% length/s. Mechanical properties and failure mode were recorded. RESULTS: PLT width and thickness (P < .001 for both) measured by calipers were significantly lower than those taken from CT images. Thirty-five (83%) specimens failed by avulsion fracture from the patella, 1 failed mid-ligament, and 6 failed by tibial fracture. Dog weight and PLT length had the strongest Pearson's r value when correlated with load at failure (r = 0.73, 0.81, respectively). CONCLUSION:Dog weight and PLT length were the best predictors of load at failure. PLT failure load of dogs weighing >25 kg were similar to those reported for ...


Schizophrenia And Its Effects On An American Family: A Call To Action For The 21st Century, Cynthia Newton Captain May 2017

Schizophrenia And Its Effects On An American Family: A Call To Action For The 21st Century, Cynthia Newton Captain

Senior Theses and Capstone Projects

Our country’s healthcare system is at a moral crossroads. The way we treat those whom we call “the homeless” is deplorable. The majority of the homeless are mentally ill and need treatment. Our country needs to treat those with the severe brain diseases of schizophrenia, schizo-affective disorder, and bi-polar disorder just as we would Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. Those with severe mental illness, who have no insight into their illness, should not be allowed to dictate their own treatment. If a homeless person is brought to San Francisco General Hospital and is found to be a ...


Establishing A Center Of Excellence On Health Disparities In Rural Populations, Kathryn Anderson, B. Smalley, J. Warren Dec 2016

Establishing A Center Of Excellence On Health Disparities In Rural Populations, Kathryn Anderson, B. Smalley, J. Warren

Kathryn H. Anderson

No abstract provided.


Pathophysiology, Lee Ellen Kirkhorn, Jacquelyn Banasik Dec 2016

Pathophysiology, Lee Ellen Kirkhorn, Jacquelyn Banasik

Lee Ellen C Kirkhorn

No abstract provided.


Using A Tailored Health Information Technology Driven Intervention To Improve Health Literacy And Medication Adherence (Talkingrx), Brenda Fay Dec 2016

Using A Tailored Health Information Technology Driven Intervention To Improve Health Literacy And Medication Adherence (Talkingrx), Brenda Fay

Brenda Fay

Although most patients admitted with acute coronary syndrome or acute ischemic stroke in South Asian countries receive these evidence-based treatments, their overall continuation in the outpatient phase of care remains low. Patient from Pakistan are uniquely challenged in this respect because the overall literacy rates remain one of the lowest in Pakistan among South Asian Countries. In addition, a great majority of Pakistani patients often do not understand or follow health prescriptions (which are still written in English). Additionally, due to an unregulated health industry, they frequently take multiple opinions and prescriptions from different physicians. The investigators propose to develop ...


Obat Aborsi Ampuh 085846005474 Obat Penggugur Kandungan, Astry Ratnasari Dec 2016

Obat Aborsi Ampuh 085846005474 Obat Penggugur Kandungan, Astry Ratnasari

Astry Ratnasari

WWW.ADAOBATABORSI.BLOGSPOT.COM

PESAN SEKARANG: 0858 4600 5474

MAU BELI OBAT ABORSI DI SINI SAJA HANYA DI TEMPAT KAMI OBAT ABORSI PALING MANJUR YANG BENAR-BENAR PEDULI DENGAN PERMASALAHAN YANG ANDA HADAPI

CARA AMAN DAN AMPUH MENGGUGURKAN KANDUNGAN ANDA
Dimohon hati-hati terhadap situs obat aborsi yang menjerumuskan yang mengaku sebagai Dokter ternyata gadungan LOGIkanya dokter tidak akan buka KLINIK ABORSI PERCAYAKAN pada kami maka anda tidak akan menyesal, Setelah anda menemukan usia tepat nya kandungan anda silahkan anda lihat kategori:

(!) Paket A ( Untuk Usia Maksimal 1Bulan )
Harga : Rp.500.000,-

(!) Paket B ( Untuk Usia Maksimal 2Bulan )
Harga : Rp.800.000 ...


Characterization Of Physicochemical And Thermal Properties Of Biofield Treated Ethyl Cellulose And Methyl Cellulose, Mahendra Trivedi Dec 2016

Characterization Of Physicochemical And Thermal Properties Of Biofield Treated Ethyl Cellulose And Methyl Cellulose, Mahendra Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Cellulose and its derivatives are used as potential matrices for biomaterials and tissue engineering applications. The objective of present research was to investigate the influence of biofield treatment on physical, chemical and thermal properties of ethyl cellulose (EC) and methyl cellulose (MC). The study was performed in two groups (control and treated). The control group remained as untreated, and biofield treatment was given to treated group. The biofield treated polymers are characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), CHNSO analysis, X-ray diffraction study (XRD), Differential Scanning calorimetry (DSC), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). FT-IR analysis of treated EC showed downward shifting ...


Nutritionmma-2.Pdf, Drew Griffiths Dec 2016

Nutritionmma-2.Pdf, Drew Griffiths

Drew Griffiths

Draft of a Sports Nutrition book, written specifically for combat sports but applicable to all.


Sbar, Communication, And Patient Safety: An Integrated Literature Review, Kathryn R. Stewart Dec 2016

Sbar, Communication, And Patient Safety: An Integrated Literature Review, Kathryn R. Stewart

Honors Theses

Communication errors are a common cause of adverse patient safety events in the healthcare field. The Situation-Background-Assessment-Recommendation (SBAR) communication tool was introduced in 2002 to guide the communication of critical patient-care information. The purpose of this integrated literature review was to determine how the use of the SBAR tool during handoff of critical information affects communication between healthcare providers and patient safety. An integrated literature review approach was chosen due to the varying methodologies and multiple variables that have been used in the study of SBAR. The combined search terms of “SBAR”, “Communication”, and “Patient Safety” were entered into PubMed ...


Comparison Of Two Methods For Developing Aggregate Population-Based Models, Oyebola E. Oyero Dec 2016

Comparison Of Two Methods For Developing Aggregate Population-Based Models, Oyebola E. Oyero

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Aggregate models incorporate the variation between individual parameters of individualbased models to construct a population-based model. This thesis focuses on the comparison of two different methods for creating these population-based models. The first method, the individual parameter distribution technique (IPD) focuses on the similarities and variation of parameters in an individual-based model as calculated using individual data sets [4]. The second method we consider is the nonlinear mixed effect method (NLME), which is primarily used in modeling repeated measurement data. In the NLME approach, both the fixed effects and random effects of the parameter values are estimated in the model ...


The Benefits And Limitations Of Animal Models For Translational Research In Cartilage Repair., Conor J. Moran, Ashwanth Ramesh, Pieter Aj Brama, John M. O'Byrne, Fergal J. O'Brien, Tanya J. Levingstone Dec 2016

The Benefits And Limitations Of Animal Models For Translational Research In Cartilage Repair., Conor J. Moran, Ashwanth Ramesh, Pieter Aj Brama, John M. O'Byrne, Fergal J. O'Brien, Tanya J. Levingstone

Anatomy Articles

Much research is currently ongoing into new therapies for cartilage defect repair with new biomaterials frequently appearing which purport to have significant regenerative capacity. These biomaterials may be classified as medical devices, and as such must undergo rigorous testing before they are implanted in humans. A large part of this testing involves in vitro trials and biomechanical testing. However, in order to bridge the gap between the lab and the clinic, in vivo preclinical trials are required, and usually demanded by regulatory approval bodies. This review examines the in vivo models in current use for cartilage defect repair testing and ...


Analysis Of Genetic Diversity Using Simple Sequence Repeat (Ssr) Markers And Growth Regulator Response In Biofield Treated Cotton (Gossypium Hirsutum L.), Mahendra Trivedi Nov 2016

Analysis Of Genetic Diversity Using Simple Sequence Repeat (Ssr) Markers And Growth Regulator Response In Biofield Treated Cotton (Gossypium Hirsutum L.), Mahendra Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Cotton is the most important crop for the production of fiber that plays a key role in economic and social affairs. The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of biofield energy treatment on cotton seeds regarding its growth, germination of seedling, glutathione (GSH) concentration, indole acetic acid (IAA) content and DNA fingerprinting using simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers for polymorphism analysis. The seeds of cotton cv. Stoneville-2 (Gossypium hirsutum L.) was obtained from DNA Land Marks Inc., Canada and divided into two groups. One group was remained as untreated, while the other was subjected to Mr. Trivedi ...


Low Power Class B Power Amplifier For Healthcare Application, Wei Cai Sep 2016

Low Power Class B Power Amplifier For Healthcare Application, Wei Cai

Heng Gu


The objective of this research was to design a 2.4 GHz class AB Power Amplifier (PA), with 0.18um Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corporation (SMIC) CMOS technology by using Cadence software, for health care applications. The ultimate goal for such application is to minimize the trade-offs between performance and cost, and between performance and low power consumption design. This paper introduces the design of a 2.4GHz class D power amplifier which consists of two stage amplifiers. This power amplifier can transmit 15dBm output power to a 50Ω load. The power added efficiency was 50% and the total power consumption ...


Levels Of Physical Dependence On Tobacco Among Adolescent Smokers In Cyprus, Costas A. Christophi, Despina Pampaka, Martha Paisi, Solonas Ioannou, Joseph R. Difranza Sep 2016

Levels Of Physical Dependence On Tobacco Among Adolescent Smokers In Cyprus, Costas A. Christophi, Despina Pampaka, Martha Paisi, Solonas Ioannou, Joseph R. Difranza

Open Access Articles

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to assess tobacco dependence among Cypriot adolescents and examine its association to cigarette consumption and attitudes towards smoking.

METHODS: The current study used cross-sectional data from the 2011 Cyprus Global Youth Tobacco Survey which adopted multistage cluster sampling methods to select adolescents registered in middle and high schools in Cyprus. Tobacco use, physical dependence on tobacco, and attitudes towards tobacco use were measured in 187 adolescents aged 13-18years old who reported that they had smoked at least once in the preceding 30 days. Physical dependence was assessed using the Levels of Physical Dependence ...


Know Your Chances: Understanding Health Statistics Book Discussion Final Report, Michelle L. Eberle, Margot Malachowski, Steven Woloshin, Lisa Schwartz Aug 2016

Know Your Chances: Understanding Health Statistics Book Discussion Final Report, Michelle L. Eberle, Margot Malachowski, Steven Woloshin, Lisa Schwartz

Michelle L. Eberle

The Know Your Chances: Understanding Health Statistics Book Discussion Project evolved from a webinar held by the National Network of Libraries of Medicine New England Region’s (NN/LM NER) on March 4, 2014. Following the webinar, Margot Malachowski, NER’s Healthy Communities COI (Community of Interest) Leader, shared a vision for a book discussion group project. In June 2014, the NN/LM NER Healthy Communities, Community of Interest (COI) invited network members to apply to participate in a health statistics book discussion project. The nine libraries and organizations selected to participate were required to: host and lead a book ...


Early Haart Should Be Used For Treatment-Naive Hiv Patients With Pneumocystis Pneumonia, Maxwell L. Winkler Aug 2016

Early Haart Should Be Used For Treatment-Naive Hiv Patients With Pneumocystis Pneumonia, Maxwell L. Winkler

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Manzardo C, Esteve A, Ortega N, et al. Optimal timing for initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy in treatment-naïve human immunodeficiency virus-1-infected individuals presenting with AIDS-defining diseases: the experience of the PISCIS Cohort. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. 2013 July;19(7):646-653. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-0691.2012.03991.x


An Automated Method For Identifying Individuals With A Lung Nodule Can Be Feasibly Implemented Across Health Systems, Farhood Farjah, Scott Halgrim, Diana S.M. Buist, Michael K. Gould, Steven B. Zeliadt, Elizabeth T. Loggers, David S. Carrell Aug 2016

An Automated Method For Identifying Individuals With A Lung Nodule Can Be Feasibly Implemented Across Health Systems, Farhood Farjah, Scott Halgrim, Diana S.M. Buist, Michael K. Gould, Steven B. Zeliadt, Elizabeth T. Loggers, David S. Carrell

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Introduction: The incidence of incidentally detected lung nodules is rapidly rising, but little is known about their management or associated patient outcomes. One barrier to studying lung nodule care is the inability to efficiently and reliably identify the cohort of interest (i.e. cases). Investigators at Kaiser Permanente Southern California (KPSC) recently developed an automated method to identify individuals with an incidentally discovered lung nodule, but the feasibility of implementing this method across other health systems is unknown.

Methods: A random sample of Group Health (GH) members who had a computed tomography in 2012 underwent chart review to determine if ...


Creating A Better World With Information And Communication Technologies: Health Equity, Sajda Qureshi Aug 2016

Creating A Better World With Information And Communication Technologies: Health Equity, Sajda Qureshi

Sajda Qureshi

When news broke on 23rd July 2014, that a case of the deadly virus Ebola had been confirmed in Lagos, home to about 21 million people and a major transportation hub, the World held its breath. If not contained, this virus could spread quickly killing a multitude of people around the World. By 15th October, cases of Ebola had been recorded around the World: Liberia reported 4249 cases with 2458 deaths, Sierra Leone reported 3252 cases with 1183 deaths, Guinea 1472 cases with 843 deaths, Nigeria reported 20 cases with 8 deaths, the USA reported 3 cases and 1 death ...


Are We Making A Better World With Information And Communication Technology For Development (Ict4d) Research? Findings From The Field And Theory Building, Sajda Qureshi Aug 2016

Are We Making A Better World With Information And Communication Technology For Development (Ict4d) Research? Findings From The Field And Theory Building, Sajda Qureshi

Sajda Qureshi

As Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) continue to penetrate people’s lives the world over, there is a sense that understanding the role of ICTs in the context of development needs to be conceptualized theoretically while making empirical contributions that add to what we know (Avgerou, 2008; Davison, 2012; Sein and Harindranath, 2004; Sahay and Walsham, 1995). Other scholars have pointed to the importance of this research for the field of Information Systems (ISs) in offering broader contributions. Avgerou (2008) suggests that in the era of globalization such research offers contributions in ISs beyond “organizational organizational and national boundaries and ...


Aseptically Processed And Chemically Sterilized Btb Allografts For Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Prospective Randomized Study., Peter A Indelicato, Michael G Ciccotti, Joel Boyd, Laurence D Higgins, Benjamin S Shaffer, C Thomas Vangsness Aug 2016

Aseptically Processed And Chemically Sterilized Btb Allografts For Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Prospective Randomized Study., Peter A Indelicato, Michael G Ciccotti, Joel Boyd, Laurence D Higgins, Benjamin S Shaffer, C Thomas Vangsness

Thomas L. Shaffer

PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcomes of bone-patellar tendon-bone (BTB) allografts processed via a novel sterilization system with the traditional aseptically processed BTB allografts for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction.

METHODS: A total of 67 patients undergoing ACL reconstruction at 6 independent investigation sites were randomized into one of two intervention groups, BioCleanse-sterilized or aseptic BTB allografts. Inclusion criteria included an acute, isolated, unilateral ACL tear, and exclusion criteria included prior ACL injury, multi-ligament reconstruction, and signs of degenerative joint disease. Post-op examiners and patients were blinded to graft type. Patients were evaluated at 6, 12, and 24 months. Clinical ...


Association Of Antipsychotic Use With Hospital Events And Mortality Among Medicare Beneficiaries Residing In Long-Term Care Facilities, Linda Simoni-Wastila, Priscilla T. Ryder, Jingjing Qian, Ilene H. Zuckermann, Thomas Shaffer, Lirong Zhao Aug 2016

Association Of Antipsychotic Use With Hospital Events And Mortality Among Medicare Beneficiaries Residing In Long-Term Care Facilities, Linda Simoni-Wastila, Priscilla T. Ryder, Jingjing Qian, Ilene H. Zuckermann, Thomas Shaffer, Lirong Zhao

Thomas L. Shaffer

Objective—Antipsychotic (AP) utilization has grown significantly in long-term care (LTC) settings. Although a growing literature associates AP use with higher mortality in elderly with dementia, the association of APs with hospital events is unclear. The authors examine prevalence and trends in AP use by Medicare beneficiaries residing in LTC and the association of APs and other drug use variables with hospital events and mortality.

Design—Retrospective analysis using sequential multivariate Cox proportional hazards models.

Setting—Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey linked to Institutional Drug Administration and Minimum Data Set files.

Participants—A total of 2,363 LTC Medicare beneficiaries, 1999 ...


Prophylactic Methylprednisolone To Reduce Inflammation And Improve Outcomes From One Lung Ventilation In Children: A Randomized Clinical Trial., Mary C. Theroux, Alicia Olivant Fisher, Maria E. Rodriguez, Robert P. Brislin, Kirk W. Reichard, Suken A. Shah, Matt Mccoy, Melinda Brown, Kirk W. Dabney, William G. Mackenzie, Douglas A. Katz, Thomas H. Shaffer Aug 2016

Prophylactic Methylprednisolone To Reduce Inflammation And Improve Outcomes From One Lung Ventilation In Children: A Randomized Clinical Trial., Mary C. Theroux, Alicia Olivant Fisher, Maria E. Rodriguez, Robert P. Brislin, Kirk W. Reichard, Suken A. Shah, Matt Mccoy, Melinda Brown, Kirk W. Dabney, William G. Mackenzie, Douglas A. Katz, Thomas H. Shaffer

Thomas L. Shaffer

BACKGROUND: One lung ventilation (OLV) results in inflammatory and mechanical injury, leading to intraoperative and postoperative complications in children. No interventions have been studied in children to minimize such injury.

OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that a single 2-mg·kg(-1) dose of methylprednisolone given 45-60 min prior to lung collapse would minimize injury from OLV and improve physiological stability.

METHODS: Twenty-eight children scheduled to undergo OLV were randomly assigned to receive 2 mg·kg(-1) methylprednisolone (MP) or normal saline (placebo group) prior to OLV. Anesthetic management was standardized, and data were collected for physiological stability (bronchospasm, respiratory resistance, and compliance ...


Racial And Ethnic Disparities In Treatment Of Dementia Among Medicare Beneficiaries, Ilene H. Zuckerman, Priscilla T. Ryder, Linda Simoni-Wastila, Thomas Shaffer, Masayo Sato, Lirong Zhao, Bruce Stuart Aug 2016

Racial And Ethnic Disparities In Treatment Of Dementia Among Medicare Beneficiaries, Ilene H. Zuckerman, Priscilla T. Ryder, Linda Simoni-Wastila, Thomas Shaffer, Masayo Sato, Lirong Zhao, Bruce Stuart

Thomas L. Shaffer

Objectives—Numerous studies have documented disparities in health care utilization between non-Hispanic White and minority elders. We investigated differences in anti-dementia medication use between non-Hispanic White and minority community-dwelling Medicare beneficiaries with dementia.

Methods—Using multivariate analysis with generalized estimating equations, we estimated prevalence ratios (PRs) for anti-dementia medication use by race/ethnicity for 1,120 beneficiaries with dementia from years 2001 through 2003 of the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey.

Results—After adjusting for demographics, socioeconomics, health care access and utilization, comorbidities, and service year, we found that anti-dementia medication use was approximately 30% higher among non-Hispanic Whites compared to ...


Long-Term Correction Of Very Long-Chain Acyl-Coa Dehydrogenase Deficiency In Mice Using Aav9 Gene Therapy, Allison M. Keeler, Thomas J. Conlon, Glenn Walter, Huadong Zeng, Scott A. Shaffer, Fu Dungtao, Kirsten E. Erger, Travis L. Cossette, Qiushi Tang, Christian Mueller, Terence R. Flotte Aug 2016

Long-Term Correction Of Very Long-Chain Acyl-Coa Dehydrogenase Deficiency In Mice Using Aav9 Gene Therapy, Allison M. Keeler, Thomas J. Conlon, Glenn Walter, Huadong Zeng, Scott A. Shaffer, Fu Dungtao, Kirsten E. Erger, Travis L. Cossette, Qiushi Tang, Christian Mueller, Terence R. Flotte

Thomas L. Shaffer

Very long-chain acyl-coA dehydrogenase (VLCAD) is the rate-limiting step in mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation. VLCAD-deficient mice and patients clinical symptoms stem from not only an energy deficiency but also long-chain metabolite accumulations. VLCAD-deficient mice were treated systemically with 1 x 10(12) vector genomes of recombinant adeno-associated virus 9 (rAAV9)-VLCAD. Biochemical correction was observed in vector-treated mice beginning 2 weeks postinjection, as characterized by a significant drop in long-chain fatty acyl accumulates in whole blood after an overnight fast. Changes persisted through the termination point around 20 weeks postinjection. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) and tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS ...


Defining Acute Lung Disease In Children With The Oxygenation Saturation Index, Neal J. Thomas, Michele L. Shaffer, Douglas F. Willson, Mei-Chiung Shih, Martha A. Q. Curley Aug 2016

Defining Acute Lung Disease In Children With The Oxygenation Saturation Index, Neal J. Thomas, Michele L. Shaffer, Douglas F. Willson, Mei-Chiung Shih, Martha A. Q. Curley

Thomas L. Shaffer

Objective: To evaluate whether a formula could be derived using oxygen saturation (Spo2) to replace Pao2 that would allow identification of children with acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome. Definitions of acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome require arterial blood gases to determine the Pao2/Fio2 ratio of 300 (acute lung injury) and 200 (acute respiratory distress syndrome).

Design: Post hoc data analysis of measurements abstracted from two prospective databases of randomized controlled trials.

Setting: Academic pediatric intensive care units.

Patients: A total of 255 children enrolled in two large prospective trials ...


Comparison Study Of Airway Reactivity Outcomes Due To A Pharmacologic Challenge Test: Impulse Oscillometry Versus Least Mean Squared Analysis Techniques., Elena Rodriguez, Charrell M Bullard, Milena H Armani, Thomas L Miller, Thomas H Shaffer Aug 2016

Comparison Study Of Airway Reactivity Outcomes Due To A Pharmacologic Challenge Test: Impulse Oscillometry Versus Least Mean Squared Analysis Techniques., Elena Rodriguez, Charrell M Bullard, Milena H Armani, Thomas L Miller, Thomas H Shaffer

Thomas L. Shaffer

The technique of measuring transpulmonary pressure and respiratory airflow with manometry and pneumotachography using the least mean squared analysis (LMS) has been used broadly in both preclinical and clinical settings for the evaluation of neonatal respiratory function during tidal volume breathing for lung tissue and airway frictional mechanical properties measurements. Whereas the technique of measuring respiratory function using the impulse oscillation technique (IOS) involves the assessment of the relationship between pressure and flow using an impulse signal with a range of frequencies, requires less cooperation and provides more information on total respiratory system resistance (chest wall, lung tissue, and airways ...


Association Of Antipsychotic Use With Hospital Events And Mortality Among Medicare Beneficiaries Residing In Long-Term Care Facilities, Linda Simoni-Wastila, Priscilla T. Ryder, Jingjing Qian, Ilene H. Zuckermann, Thomas Shaffer, Lirong Zhao Aug 2016

Association Of Antipsychotic Use With Hospital Events And Mortality Among Medicare Beneficiaries Residing In Long-Term Care Facilities, Linda Simoni-Wastila, Priscilla T. Ryder, Jingjing Qian, Ilene H. Zuckermann, Thomas Shaffer, Lirong Zhao

Thomas L. Shaffer

Objective—Antipsychotic (AP) utilization has grown significantly in long-term care (LTC) settings. Although a growing literature associates AP use with higher mortality in elderly with dementia, the association of APs with hospital events is unclear. The authors examine prevalence and trends in AP use by Medicare beneficiaries residing in LTC and the association of APs and other drug use variables with hospital events and mortality.

Design—Retrospective analysis using sequential multivariate Cox proportional hazards models.

Setting—Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey linked to Institutional Drug Administration and Minimum Data Set files.

Participants—A total of 2,363 LTC Medicare beneficiaries, 1999 ...


Aseptically Processed And Chemically Sterilized Btb Allografts For Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Prospective Randomized Study., Peter A Indelicato, Michael G Ciccotti, Joel Boyd, Laurence D Higgins, Benjamin S Shaffer, C Thomas Vangsness Aug 2016

Aseptically Processed And Chemically Sterilized Btb Allografts For Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Prospective Randomized Study., Peter A Indelicato, Michael G Ciccotti, Joel Boyd, Laurence D Higgins, Benjamin S Shaffer, C Thomas Vangsness

Thomas L. Shaffer

PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcomes of bone-patellar tendon-bone (BTB) allografts processed via a novel sterilization system with the traditional aseptically processed BTB allografts for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction.

METHODS: A total of 67 patients undergoing ACL reconstruction at 6 independent investigation sites were randomized into one of two intervention groups, BioCleanse-sterilized or aseptic BTB allografts. Inclusion criteria included an acute, isolated, unilateral ACL tear, and exclusion criteria included prior ACL injury, multi-ligament reconstruction, and signs of degenerative joint disease. Post-op examiners and patients were blinded to graft type. Patients were evaluated at 6, 12, and 24 months. Clinical ...


The Physiological, Musculoskeletal And Psychological Effects Of Stand Up Paddle Boarding, Mike Climstein, Ben Schram, Wayne Hing Aug 2016

The Physiological, Musculoskeletal And Psychological Effects Of Stand Up Paddle Boarding, Mike Climstein, Ben Schram, Wayne Hing

Ben Schram

Physiotherapists routinely utilise exercise as a key component of patient rehabilitation. Stand up paddle boarding (SUP) is a rapidly growing sport and recreational activity where anecdotal evidence exists for its proposed health, fitness and injury rehabilitation benefits. While limited scientific evidence exists to substantiate these claims, our current research has shown that a high level of fitness, strength and balance exists amongst participants of this activity


Stand Up Paddle Boarding : An Analysis Of A New Sport And Recreational Activity, Ben Schram Aug 2016

Stand Up Paddle Boarding : An Analysis Of A New Sport And Recreational Activity, Ben Schram

Ben Schram

The results from this research provide evidence for the anecdotal claims of the benefits for participation in this new aquatic activity of Stand Up Paddle Boarding (SUP). Stand up paddle boarding is associated with high levels of aerobic and anaerobic fitness, core muscle strength and balance. It is an enjoyable, alternative means of training with a multitude of health and fitness benefits. This thesis has uncovered novel data in regards to the performance aspects essential for success in SUP from a competitive aspect and also provides evidence for the positive health and fitness benefits associated with its participation.