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Articles 1 - 30 of 44281

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Ngo's Bpa Report Intended To Frighten, Not Enlighten., Robert L. Brent Dr. Oct 2015

Ngo's Bpa Report Intended To Frighten, Not Enlighten., Robert L. Brent Dr.

The Selected Works of Robert Brent

None


Healthcare Information Systems: Opportunities And Challenges, Madison Ngafeeson Oct 2015

Healthcare Information Systems: Opportunities And Challenges, Madison Ngafeeson

Madison Ngafeeson

No abstract provided.


Cara Hidup Sehat, Eyondd Wae Lee Eyondd Apr 2015

Cara Hidup Sehat, Eyondd Wae Lee Eyondd

eyondd wae lee eyondd

Sebuah Cara hidup sehat kualitas dalam hal wanita muda tanpa cacat yang telah diperiksa oleh metode spesialis adalah batas pinggang - pinggul sekitar 0 . tujuh puluh . Fisiologi telah demostrated bahwa wanita dengan jam pasir detail yang lebih matang daripada beberapa wanita muda yang berbeda berdasarkan langkah-langkah yang lebih baik dari hormon manusia perempuan tertentu , realitas yang akan pria sadar keadaan memilih kaki . Orang-orang yang dibangkitkan oleh gambar banyak individu mengungkap dalam media untuk menemukan apa yang tegas atau sama sekali tidak sempurna . Beberapa feminis dan tambahan dokter [ tidak jelas ] menggabungkan diberdayakan yang untuk gelar besar bentuk tipis diperkenalkan dalam buku harian ...


Appendix: Expand Wikipedia Stub On Supplier - Induced Demand, Robert D. Lieberthal, Phd, Juan Leon, Phd Jan 2015

Appendix: Expand Wikipedia Stub On Supplier - Induced Demand, Robert D. Lieberthal, Phd, Juan Leon, Phd

School of Population Health Faculty Papers

Appendix for article that has been accepted for Journal of Economic Education.


Pediatric Emergency Medical Care In Yerevan, Armenia: A Knowledge And Attitudes Survey Of Out-Of-Hospital Emergency Physicians., Aline A. Baghdassarian, Ross I. Donaldson, Andrew D Depiero, Nancy L Chernett, Harsh P. Sule Md Dec 2014

Pediatric Emergency Medical Care In Yerevan, Armenia: A Knowledge And Attitudes Survey Of Out-Of-Hospital Emergency Physicians., Aline A. Baghdassarian, Ross I. Donaldson, Andrew D Depiero, Nancy L Chernett, Harsh P. Sule Md

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Out-of-hospital emergency care is at an early stage of development in Armenia, with the current emergency medical services (EMS) system having emergency physicians (EPs) work on ambulances along with nurses. While efforts are underway by the Ministry of Health and other organizations to reform the EMS system, little data exists on the status of pediatric emergency care (PEC) in the country. We designed this study to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes of out-of-hospital emergency physicians in pediatric rapid assessment and resuscitation, and identify areas for PEC improvement.

METHODS: We distributed an anonymous, self-administered Knowledge and Attitudes survey to a ...


Examining Success In Health Information Technology Implementation Research, Madison Ngafeeson Nov 2014

Examining Success In Health Information Technology Implementation Research, Madison Ngafeeson

Conference Presentations

The implementation of health information systems (IS) is rapidly increasing. In the United States, $70 billion will be invested by the government to facilitate the adoption of the electronic health record over a ten-year period. However, IS acceptance is not success. We use content analysis to investigate the success component.


Continuity Of Mammalian Fauna Over The Last 200,000 Y In The Indian Subcontinent, Patrick Roberts, Eric Delson, Preston Miracle, Peter Ditchfield, Richard G. Roberts, Zenobia Jacobs, James Blinkhorn, Russell L. Ciochon, John G. Fleagle, Stephen R. Frost, Christopher C. Gilbert, Greg F. Gunnell, Terry Harrison, Ravi Korisettar, Michael D. Petraglia Oct 2014

Continuity Of Mammalian Fauna Over The Last 200,000 Y In The Indian Subcontinent, Patrick Roberts, Eric Delson, Preston Miracle, Peter Ditchfield, Richard G. Roberts, Zenobia Jacobs, James Blinkhorn, Russell L. Ciochon, John G. Fleagle, Stephen R. Frost, Christopher C. Gilbert, Greg F. Gunnell, Terry Harrison, Ravi Korisettar, Michael D. Petraglia

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers

Mammalian extinction worldwide during the Late Pleistocene has been a major focus for Quaternary biochronology and paleoecology. These extinctions have been variably attributed to the impacts of climate change and human interference. However, until relatively recently, research has been largely restricted to the Americas, Europe, and Australasia. We present the oldest Middle-Late Pleistocene stratified and numerically dated faunal succession for the Indian subcontinent from the Billasurgam cave complex. Our data demonstrate continuity of 20 of 21 identified mammalian taxa from at least 100,000 y ago to the present, and in some cases up to 200,000 y ago. Comparison ...


A Study In Self-Defeat: The Public Health Venereal Disease Clinic, Joseph F. Sheley Oct 2014

A Study In Self-Defeat: The Public Health Venereal Disease Clinic, Joseph F. Sheley

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This paper relates the results of three months of participant observation and interviews in a public venereal disease clinic. The research was directed toward assessment of the relationship of clinic efficiency (a smoothly operating bureaucratic clinic) and clinic effectiveness (a major reduction of illness within a community). The venereal disease clinic is described as an efficient and well planned health unit with three major objectives: a) checking the increase of V.D. through preventive medicine; b) detection and treatment of V.D. within the community; and c) provision of health services to lower S.E.S. segments of the population ...


Health Insurance Among Young Adults Rebounds Post Recession: More Become Dependents On A Parent's Plan After Aca Extends Coverage To Adult Children, Michael J. Staley, Jessica A. Carson Oct 2014

Health Insurance Among Young Adults Rebounds Post Recession: More Become Dependents On A Parent's Plan After Aca Extends Coverage To Adult Children, Michael J. Staley, Jessica A. Carson

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

While much of the existing research explores young adults' insurance only in the post-recession period (that is, 2010 to present), authors Michael Staley and Jessica Carson assess young adults' rates of coverage within and beyond the context of the recession by examining changes across the entire 2007 to 2012 period.


Malagasy Women's Preferences For Reproductive Health Care In Mahabo, Madagascar, Mackenzie Findlay Oct 2014

Malagasy Women's Preferences For Reproductive Health Care In Mahabo, Madagascar, Mackenzie Findlay

Undergraduate Research Symposium Posters & Abstracts

In rural Madagascar, women seeking reproductive care may have the option of seeking out their local traditional birth attendant (TBA) or going to a biomedical Western clinic. In those cases in which there is a choice, our understandings of how women make their choice is limited. By understanding local women’s preferences for reproductive health care, this research seeks to not “[put] oneself in her place” and make recommendations from that standpoint, but rather to understand the “variety of responses to the practices that shape their lives” (Narayan 419). There is a finite amount of resources in the world and ...


Bringing A Behavioral Health Consultant To Residency: Implications For Practice And Training, Natasha Gouge, Jodi Polaha, Rebecca Powers Oct 2014

Bringing A Behavioral Health Consultant To Residency: Implications For Practice And Training, Natasha Gouge, Jodi Polaha, Rebecca Powers

International Journal of Health Sciences Education

This study examined pediatric residents’ responsiveness and experiences in the context of a new pilot program, building an on-site Behavioral Health Consultant (BHC) into their primary care training site. Fifteen pediatric residents were divided so that 9 had access to an on-site BHC and 6 did not. Over the first year of the program, research assistants observed 322 patient visits to record concerns raised, residents’ responses, and visit length. Data regarding BHC activity and residents’ subjective impressions of the program were also collected. Results showed that at least one BH concern was raised in 24% of observed visits. Residents with ...


Wearable Technology In Obstetrical Emergency Simulation: A Pilot Study, Jami Goodwin, Rayan A. Elkattah, Martin Olsen Oct 2014

Wearable Technology In Obstetrical Emergency Simulation: A Pilot Study, Jami Goodwin, Rayan A. Elkattah, Martin Olsen

International Journal of Health Sciences Education

Background: Medical student involvement in clinical care of obstetrical emergencies is limited. Wearable technology, namely Google Glass, has been used to enhance the simulation experience for trainees at our institution. We present a pilot study that examines the utility of this technology in medical students’ education through remotely-conducted exercises in obstetric emergencies.

Materials & Methods: A total of thirteen medical students accepted the opportunity to participate in an obstetric emergencies training exercise with remote monitoring. Students wore the Google Glass device while participating in two simulated obstetrical emergencies: shoulder dystocia and vaginal breech delivery. A remote instructor monitored the students’ performance ...


Letter From Editors, Wendy Nehring, Jacek Smurzynski, Lisa Haddad Oct 2014

Letter From Editors, Wendy Nehring, Jacek Smurzynski, Lisa Haddad

International Journal of Health Sciences Education

No abstract provided.


It's Debatable: Tracking Changes In Student Opinions On Drug Policies After Classroom Debate, Carolyn Schubert, Lara Sapp, Elizabeth Howley Oct 2014

It's Debatable: Tracking Changes In Student Opinions On Drug Policies After Classroom Debate, Carolyn Schubert, Lara Sapp, Elizabeth Howley

Libraries

This poster provides a case study integrating ethical reasoning and debate into an undergraduate Health Sciences course on drugs uses, effects, and policies. The course instructor, Health Sciences and Nursing Librarian, and JMU Debate Team coaches collaborated on building the tiered assignment of annotated bibliographies and classroom student debates. The results document pre and post surveys of student opinions regarding each of the debate topics, providing insight on how opinions changed through the course of this assignment.


Altmetrics As Educational And Outreach Tools For Researchers: A Case Study At Howard University, Young-Joo Lee Oct 2014

Altmetrics As Educational And Outreach Tools For Researchers: A Case Study At Howard University, Young-Joo Lee

Young-Joo Lee

No abstract provided.


Value And Cos-Effectivess Of Community Health Worker Programs: Implications For Home Care Workers, Glen P. Mays Oct 2014

Value And Cos-Effectivess Of Community Health Worker Programs: Implications For Home Care Workers, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

This presentation reviews studies on the health and economic value of strategies to improve the coordination of medical care, public health, and social support services for high-need and high-risk populations. Community health worker (CHW) programs feature prominently in these strategies, particularly for rural and low-resource community settings. Home care workers have the potential to function as CHWs in many settings, and as such present powerful opportunities for scaling up CHW programs that connect medical care, public health, and social services delivery.


Psychodramatic Treatment Techniques With Prisoners In A State Of Role Transition, Kenneth Byrne Oct 2014

Psychodramatic Treatment Techniques With Prisoners In A State Of Role Transition, Kenneth Byrne

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

One of the inevitable results of incarceration is the difficulty faced by the offender at the time of his release in his re-entry to a free society. He must adjust to a system which in today's rapidly changinq, technological world, has often chanoed drastically since the time of his entry. The prisoner has had an extended period of time in the prison community in which to warm up to the role of inmate, with its concommitant behavior. (Johnson, Savitz & Wolfgang, pp. 383-496).


Is The United States Prepared For Ebola?, Lawrence O. Gostin, James G. Hodge Jr., Scott Burris Oct 2014

Is The United States Prepared For Ebola?, Lawrence O. Gostin, James G. Hodge Jr., Scott Burris

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

The West African Ebola epidemic is a humanitarian crisis and a threat to international security. It is not surprising that isolated cases have emerged in Europe and North America, but a large outbreak in the United States, with its advanced health system, is unlikely. Yet the handling of the first domestically diagnosed Ebola case in Dallas, Texas, raised concerns about national public health preparedness. What were the critical health system vulnerabilities revealed in Dallas, and how can the country respond more effectively to novel diseases in a globalized world?


Applications Of The Wei-Lachin Multivariate One-Sided Test For Multiple Outcomes On Possibly Different Scales, John M. Lachin Oct 2014

Applications Of The Wei-Lachin Multivariate One-Sided Test For Multiple Outcomes On Possibly Different Scales, John M. Lachin

GW Biostatistics Center Faculty Publications

Many studies aim to assess whether a therapy has a beneficial effect on multiple outcomes simultaneously relative to a control. Often the joint null hypothesis of no difference for the set of outcomes is tested using separate tests with a correction for multiple tests, or using a multivariate T2-like MANOVA or global test. However, a more powerful test in this case is a multivariate one-sided or one-directional test directed at detecting a simultaneous beneficial treatment effect on each outcome, though not necessarily of the same magnitude. The Wei-Lachin test is a simple 1 df test obtained from a simple ...


Upward Mobility Potential Attitudes Toward Mental Illness And Working-Class Youth, Gary Rosenberg, Honey A. Mendelson Oct 2014

Upward Mobility Potential Attitudes Toward Mental Illness And Working-Class Youth, Gary Rosenberg, Honey A. Mendelson

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The investigators were interested in assessing the relationship between upward mobility potential and attitudes toward mental illness. For the 147 male adolescents studied, it was hypothesized that those working-class youth who demonstrated a high predictability of future upward social mobility would score more liberally on the five factors of the Opinions about Mental Illness Scale than those working-class youth who demonstrated a low predictability of future upward social mobility. Through the use of the aforementioned scale, the Otis Quick Scoring Mental Ability Test and Zero Order Correlations, the hypothesized relationship was confirmed; i.e., the upwardly mobile group was significantly ...


The Living Together Arrangement: Social Work And The Lost Client, Robert W. Weinbach, Anne C. Blankenship, Sarah M. Friedman, Judy C. Rutledge, Claudia A. Thompson Oct 2014

The Living Together Arrangement: Social Work And The Lost Client, Robert W. Weinbach, Anne C. Blankenship, Sarah M. Friedman, Judy C. Rutledge, Claudia A. Thompson

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

A recent research study suggests that persons living together outside of marriage do not view social work services as a potential source of help for problems brought into the living together arrangement, those common to all intimate long-range dyadic relationships or those directly related to choice of lifestyle. A multi-faceted approach is suggested which would aim at reaching this potential client group in a climate which will neither stigmatize or judge the alternate lifestyle or the persons who practice it.


An Examination Of "Right To Treatment" Standards: Mental Health Policy Within The Context Of The State Hospital System, Kathryn Glass Oct 2014

An Examination Of "Right To Treatment" Standards: Mental Health Policy Within The Context Of The State Hospital System, Kathryn Glass

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This paper discusses the use of court-imposed standards for public mental hospitals as a method of improving public mental health services. The standards set out in Wyatt v. Stickney are examined, and the author concludes that if implemented nationally such standards would transform the public hospitals. In addition, implementation would alter the power structure of mental health workers, effect the allocation of state and federal funds, and influence the larger system of mental health services. Socio-economic characteristics of public mental hospital patients, and an assessment of present care in this system are presented as central issues in mental health policy ...


Cleveland's Bitter Pill: A Diagnosis Of Injured Title Dreams And Die Hard Fans, Joseph Congeni Oct 2014

Cleveland's Bitter Pill: A Diagnosis Of Injured Title Dreams And Die Hard Fans, Joseph Congeni

University Press Publications

This collection of stories examines Cleveland's athletic teams and injuries that have hindered their quests for championships. From rotator cuffs to knee ligaments, from sprained ankles to sprained backs, and from broken legs to broken arms, Cleveland's misery has taken some of its best athletes and immobilized them at inopportune times. Shaq gave fans his inside dominance and his ailing thumb in 2010. Herb Score was a blazing lefthander until he took a line drive to the face in 1957. When the Las Vegas oddsmakers picked the Brown to win the Super Bowl in 1988, Bernie Kosar's ...


Severe Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome In Spontaneous Pregnancy Treated Successfully With Cabergoline, İsmail Temur,, Murat Bozkurt, Servet Gencdal, Yetkin Karasu, Duygu Kara Bozkurt, Hacer Pasaoğlu,, Kahraman Ülker, Suat Dede Oct 2014

Severe Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome In Spontaneous Pregnancy Treated Successfully With Cabergoline, İsmail Temur,, Murat Bozkurt, Servet Gencdal, Yetkin Karasu, Duygu Kara Bozkurt, Hacer Pasaoğlu,, Kahraman Ülker, Suat Dede

POG In Press

Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is a relatively common complication in infertile patients treated with exogenous gonadotropins. Ovarian hyperstimulation in spontaneous pregnancies is a rare but possible. The pathogenesis of spontaneous OHSS is not well known. Risk factors for OHSS are young age, polycystic ovaries, low body mass index, high gonadotropin dose, increased estradiol and human chorionic gonadotropin levels, multiple pregnancy, OHSS history, molar pregnancy and hypothyroidism. In this report we present a case of severe spontaneous OHSS with a brief summary of the literature. She was hospitalized and treated in the clinic with the diagnosis of severe OHSS accompanying spontaneous ...


Using Postal Questionnaires To Evaluate Physical Activity And Diet Behaviour Change: Case Study Exploring Implications Of Valid Responder Characteristics In Interpreting Intervention Outcomes., Judith A. Cole, Paddy Gillespie, Susan M. Smith, Molly Byrne, Andrew W. Murphy, Margaret E. Cupples Oct 2014

Using Postal Questionnaires To Evaluate Physical Activity And Diet Behaviour Change: Case Study Exploring Implications Of Valid Responder Characteristics In Interpreting Intervention Outcomes., Judith A. Cole, Paddy Gillespie, Susan M. Smith, Molly Byrne, Andrew W. Murphy, Margaret E. Cupples

General Practice Articles

BACKGROUND: Patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) are used to evaluate lifestyle interventions but little is known about differences between patients returning valid and invalid responses, or of potential for bias in evaluations. We aimed to examine the characteristics of patients who returned valid responses to lifestyle questionnaires compared to those whose responses were invalid for evaluating lifestyle change.

METHODS: We conducted a secondary data analysis from the SPHERE Study, a trial of an intervention to improve outcomes for patients with coronary heart disease in primary care. Postal questionnaires were used to assess physical activity (Godin) and diet (DINE) among study ...


American Ginseng Supplementation Does Not Attenuate Indices Of Exercise Induced Muscle Damage, Brent Smith Oct 2014

American Ginseng Supplementation Does Not Attenuate Indices Of Exercise Induced Muscle Damage, Brent Smith

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of American ginseng consumption on changes in average peak torque measures of dominant leg extensors following a downhill running bout. METHODS: Ten university aged male volunteers were divided equally into two groups in this double-blind study. Both groups performed baseline tests to determine average peak torque of leg extensors. Subjects then began a 4 week supplementation period of American ginseng or placebo. They then performed a downhill treadmill run at a speed between 9.7-11.3 km/h and -12% grade. The muscle strength protocol involving the dominant leg extensors was then repeated at ...


The Community Health Applied Research Network (Charn) Data Warehouse: A Resource For Patient-Centered Outcomes Research And Quality Improvement In Underserved, Safety Net Populations, Reesa Laws, Suzanne Gillespie, Jon Puro, Stephan Van Rompaey, Thu Quach, Joseph Carroll, Rosy Chang Weir, Phil Crawford, Chris Grasso, Erin Kaleba, Mary Ann Mcburnie Oct 2014

The Community Health Applied Research Network (Charn) Data Warehouse: A Resource For Patient-Centered Outcomes Research And Quality Improvement In Underserved, Safety Net Populations, Reesa Laws, Suzanne Gillespie, Jon Puro, Stephan Van Rompaey, Thu Quach, Joseph Carroll, Rosy Chang Weir, Phil Crawford, Chris Grasso, Erin Kaleba, Mary Ann Mcburnie

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Background: The Community Health Applied Research Network, funded by the Health Resources and Services Administration, is a research network comprising 18 Community Health Centers organized into four Research Nodes (each including an academic partner) and a data coordinating center. The network represents more than 500,000 diverse safety net patients across 11 states.

Objective: The primary objective of this paper is to describe the development and implementation process of the CHARN data warehouse.

Methods: The methods involved regulatory and governance development and approval, development of content and structure of the warehouse and processes for extracting the data locally, performing validation ...


Cost Estimates Of Foundational Public Health Capabilities: Pilot Test Results Of An Expert Consensus Methodology, Cezar B. Mamaril, Glen Mays Oct 2014

Cost Estimates Of Foundational Public Health Capabilities: Pilot Test Results Of An Expert Consensus Methodology, Cezar B. Mamaril, Glen Mays

Glen Mays

The Institute of Medicine's 2012 report on U.S. public health financing recommended research to identify the components and costs of a "minimum package" of public health services and foundational capabilities to be made available in every U.S. community. We present results from pilot testing of a proposed methodology for estimating the costs and resource requirements for a set of foundational public health capabilities identified by the Public Health Leadership Forum. Using pilot data from Kentucky public health settings, we estimate both current and projected costs under a range of assumptions about the resources required to fully implement ...


Suicide -- Causation, Indicators And Interventions, Florence W. Kaslow Oct 2014

Suicide -- Causation, Indicators And Interventions, Florence W. Kaslow

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Excerpt from the full-text article:

In this paper an attempt is made to determine what factors propel given individuals toward self destruction. Durkheim's typology of suicides is utilized and an analysis of the social and psychological components of each type undertaken. The social structure is viewed from the vantage point of how it influences and is internalized by members of society. The psychological aspects are handled by looking into what intrapsychic and external forces shape the individual's personality and behavior in such a way that he seeks his own death. In some instances it is hard to draw ...


Hiv Testing Implementation In Two Urban Cities: Practice, Policy And Perceived Barriers, Camden J. Hallmark, Jennifer Skillicorn, Thomas P. Giordano, Jessica A. Davila, Marlene Mcneese, Nestor Rocha, Avemaria Smith, Stacey Cooper, Amanda D. Castel Oct 2014

Hiv Testing Implementation In Two Urban Cities: Practice, Policy And Perceived Barriers, Camden J. Hallmark, Jennifer Skillicorn, Thomas P. Giordano, Jessica A. Davila, Marlene Mcneese, Nestor Rocha, Avemaria Smith, Stacey Cooper, Amanda D. Castel

Epidemiology and Biostatistics Faculty Publications

Background

Although funding has supported the scale up of routine, opt-out HIV testing in the US, variance in implementation mechanisms and barriers in high-burden jurisdictions remains unknown.

Methods

We conducted a survey of health care organizations in Washington, DC and Houston/Harris County to determine number of HIV tests completed in 2011, policy and practices associated with HIV testing, funding mechanisms, and reported barriers to testing in each jurisdiction and to compare results between jurisdictions.

Results

In 2012, 43 Houston and 35 DC HIV-testing organizations participated in the survey. Participants represented 85% of Department of Health-supported testers in DC and ...