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Articles 1 - 30 of 292002

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Fall 2021 Oct 2921

Fall 2021

Scientia

A Decade of Progress and Success; Speech Language Pathology Program; COVID-19 Long-Hauler Study; Peer Mentors Initiative; Faculty Update; Expert Engagement: Three CSH initiatives further education and scholarship while supporting communities in need; Strategic Command: Business consultant and med tech expert Stephen Sichak helps others face pandemic challenges; Taking Care: A School of Nursing research team plumbs the pandemic experiences of nurses nationwide


Obat Ambeien Di Apotik - Paling Ampuh 3 Hari Sembuh, Musa Fatih Dec 2108

Obat Ambeien Di Apotik - Paling Ampuh 3 Hari Sembuh, Musa Fatih

Jual Kurmaqu

Obat Ambeien Di Apotik - Punya masalah dengan ambeien yang sulit sembuh meskipun sudah menggunakan berbagai macam cara ?? Disini kami jual obat ambeien yang telah terbukti ampuh menghilangkan dengan cepat dalam waktu singkat dan tanpa operasi.

Obat ambeien yang saya jual disini ialah QnC Jelly Gamat. Sebuah produk yang dibuat secara eksklusif menggunakan 100% bahan herbal alami sehingga mampu mengobati ambeien tanpa menimbulkan efek samping apapun.


Kumpulan Obat Antibiotik Untuk Sakit Saat Buang Air Kecil, Obat Kelamin Nyeri Obat Kelamin Dec 2107

Kumpulan Obat Antibiotik Untuk Sakit Saat Buang Air Kecil, Obat Kelamin Nyeri Obat Kelamin

obat kelamin nyeri

Kumpulan Obat Antibiotik Untuk Sakit Saat Buang Air Kecil-Wa/Tlvn/Sms: 081228220854 - 087714496126 - sakit saat buang air kecil apakah tanda kehamilan, sakit saat buang air kecil pada pria, nyeri saat kencing terakhir, kencing sakit di akhir, perut sakit saat buang air kecil, terasa nyeri saat kencing terakhir pada wanita, sakit kencing anyang anyangan, perih saat kencing pada wanita, obat sakit saat buang air kecil pada wanita, nyeri saat kencing terakhir pada pria, kencing sakit di akhir pada wanita, obat kencing sakit di apotik umum, perih saat kencing pada wanita di akhir kencing, kencing sakit pada pria setealh onani, obat sakit …


55-Word Stories: Insight Into Healthcare, Nancy E. Krusen Oct 2029

55-Word Stories: Insight Into Healthcare, Nancy E. Krusen

Translational Science in Occupation

Narrative medicine and health humanities focus on arts, ethics, and clinical practice. Many health education programs incorporate creative activities to facilitate learner self-awareness and insight. We include them to address programmatic themes of professional growth and translational science.


Sex Differences In Allergic Asthma Responses Of Mice Prenatally Exposed To Wood Smoke, Adelynne Walley Jan 2026

Sex Differences In Allergic Asthma Responses Of Mice Prenatally Exposed To Wood Smoke, Adelynne Walley

Undergraduate Theses, Professional Papers, and Capstone Artifacts

No abstract provided.


Final Scholarly Project: Evidence-Based Practice Guidelines For The Perioperative Management Of Blood Glucose Levels In The Cardiac Surgery Patient, Chelsey Benner May 2025

Final Scholarly Project: Evidence-Based Practice Guidelines For The Perioperative Management Of Blood Glucose Levels In The Cardiac Surgery Patient, Chelsey Benner

Doctor of Nursing Practice Scholarly Projects

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality worldwide, necessitating a high demand for cardiac surgery. A unique stressor for cardiac surgery is an increased surgical stress response involving hyperglycemia. Perioperative hyperglycemia contributes to adverse postoperative outcomes following cardiac surgery. Current evidence examines blood glucose control and its effect on adverse postoperative outcomes, including sternal wound infections, acute kidney injury, prolonged mechanical ventilation, and an increased length of stay in the intensive care unit. Despite the link between hyperglycemia and poor postoperative outcomes, most facilities lack standardized guidelines for the perioperative management of blood glucose levels in cardiac surgery patients. …


Analysis Of Clinical Outcomes And Cost Effectiveness Of Neuromuscular Blocking Drug Reversal In Patients Classified As Obese, Trevor Mack May 2025

Analysis Of Clinical Outcomes And Cost Effectiveness Of Neuromuscular Blocking Drug Reversal In Patients Classified As Obese, Trevor Mack

Doctor of Nursing Practice Scholarly Projects

Obesity predisposes patients to heightened risks of adverse outcomes following surgery, including residual neuromuscular blockade and postoperative complications. The administration of non-depolarizing neuromuscular agents (NMBAs) is fundamental for muscle relaxation and optimal surgical conditions. However, the subsequent reversal of these blockers with agents like sugammadex or neostigmine is crucial to mitigate these risks. While sugammadex is recognized as a clinically superior choice due to its rapid and more complete reversal, its extensive use is often limited by cost, presenting challenges in obese patients who already face increased susceptibility to complications. This project evaluates the cost-effectiveness of sugammadex versus neostigmine in …


Using The Bispectral Index Monitor To Decrease The Incidence Of Unintended Intraoperative Awareness In The High-Risk Population, Bridget Hayes May 2025

Using The Bispectral Index Monitor To Decrease The Incidence Of Unintended Intraoperative Awareness In The High-Risk Population, Bridget Hayes

Doctor of Nursing Practice Scholarly Projects

Unintended intraoperative awareness is a traumatizing complication of general anesthesia. This negative outcome affects 0.1-0.2% of all patients undergoing general anesthesia. Patients at higher risk for this experience include those undergoing emergency surgery, traumas, cesarian sections, those on cardiopulmonary bypass, those with substance use disorder, and those undergoing total-intravenous anesthesia (TIVA). This high-risk population is affected by unintended intraoperative awareness 1% of the time. The bispectral index (BIS) monitor has been proposed as a tool to decrease the incidence of unintended intraoperative awareness. There are several large, randomized controlled trials that demonstrate that using a BIS monitor decreases the incidence …


Development Of Evidence-Based Practice Guidelines For Utilizing Erector Spinae Plane Blockade For Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery, Gabrielle Metoyer May 2025

Development Of Evidence-Based Practice Guidelines For Utilizing Erector Spinae Plane Blockade For Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery, Gabrielle Metoyer

Doctor of Nursing Practice Scholarly Projects

In the United States, the aging population and high rates of cardiovascular disease leads to increased cardiothoracic surgeries. Analgesia for cardiac surgeries often involves high-dose opioids. However, with an ever-increasing opioid epidemic and adverse effects on the postoperative healing process, recent literature seeks to decrease opioid consumption by utilizing alternative methods of analgesia. The American Association of Nurse Anesthetists recommends the use of regional anesthesia techniques to reduce the incidence of undertreated postoperative pain that can occur from opioid-sparing methods of analgesia. This project aims to create an evidence-based analgesia guideline for adult patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Interventions will include …


Implementation Of Guidelines For Preprocedural Ultrasound In Neuraxial Placement For Obstetric Patients With Scoliosis, Luther Nyirenda May 2025

Implementation Of Guidelines For Preprocedural Ultrasound In Neuraxial Placement For Obstetric Patients With Scoliosis, Luther Nyirenda

Doctor of Nursing Practice Scholarly Projects

Neuraxial anesthesia including epidural, spinal, and combined spinal-epidural, is used with 65% of parturients in the United States for the management of pain and discomfort. Conventional landmark palpation has been the mainstay technique for neuraxial anesthesia, but unfamiliar spinal anatomy can lead to incomplete blockade or an increased incidence of complications. Scoliosis causes lateral curvature and rotation of the spine leading to arthritis and soft tissue changes that can present obscure anatomical landmarks, cause difficulty in needle passage, and result in inadequacy of local anesthetic efficacy. The literature illustrates that preprocedural ultrasound is recommended for needle placement in parturients with …


Development Of Clinical Practice Guidelines For Incorporating Paravertebral Blockade For Thoracic Surgery Adult Patients, India Hutchison May 2025

Development Of Clinical Practice Guidelines For Incorporating Paravertebral Blockade For Thoracic Surgery Adult Patients, India Hutchison

Doctor of Nursing Practice Scholarly Projects

Thoracic surgery is considered one of the most painful surgical procedures due to its severity and the duration of the procedure. Pain is detrimental to the patient experience, and poor patient satisfaction results in revenue loss for hospitals. Maintaining adequate pain control after surgery is crucial in preventing pulmonary complications such as atelectasis and respiratory failure that prolong patient recovery. It is the responsibility of the anesthesia provider to ensure adequate pain control throughout the perioperative experience. Although current evidence-based data shows that regional anesthesia provides superior thoracic postoperative pain control, the current practice continues to be the utilization of …


Final Scholarly Project: The Administration Of Transversus Abdominis Plane Blocks In Patients Undergoing Anesthesia For Open Ventral Hernia Repairs, Brennon Pinion May 2025

Final Scholarly Project: The Administration Of Transversus Abdominis Plane Blocks In Patients Undergoing Anesthesia For Open Ventral Hernia Repairs, Brennon Pinion

Doctor of Nursing Practice Scholarly Projects

Ventral hernia repairs are the only definitive treatment for umbilical or abdominal hernias. These procedures are prevalent and often lifesaving but also carry high risks of adverse effects. Some of the problems that follow include postoperative ileus, increased opioid use, and prolonged length of stay. Due to the rate of complications, there was a need to improve these outcomes. One way to improve outcomes is to implement superior anesthetic techniques. This Final Scholarly Project (FSP) followed the Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) model to conduct evidence-based practice (EBP) and quality improvement (QI) sections. The plan phase included a thorough literature search and analysis …


Development Of Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines For Pediatric Preoperative Anxiety, Whitney R. Stant May 2025

Development Of Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines For Pediatric Preoperative Anxiety, Whitney R. Stant

Doctor of Nursing Practice Scholarly Projects

Preoperative anxiety is a problem that occurs frequently in pediatric patients. Preoperative anxiety creates physical and psychological changes that impact a child’s surgical experience. Pediatric patients who experience preoperative anxiety may also experience prolonged postoperative care, long-term psychological complications, and increased postoperative pain. Sedating medications are often administered to prevent and treat preoperative anxiety. Commonly, midazolam is administered intranasally to prevent preoperative anxiety. Midazolam increases the risk of cognitive impairment and respiratory depression. Dexmedetomidine is an effective alternative to midazolam. Dexmedetomidine is a highly selective alpha-2 agonist and provides arousable sedation without respiratory depression. Dexmedetomidine is safe and effective at …


Clinical Guidelines For The Perioperative Management Of Patients With Aortic Stenosis Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery, Owen Diehl May 2025

Clinical Guidelines For The Perioperative Management Of Patients With Aortic Stenosis Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery, Owen Diehl

Doctor of Nursing Practice Scholarly Projects

Aortic stenosis (AS) is a common valvular disorder that causes left ventricular (LV) outflow obstruction. The prevalence of AS may increase with the aging population and the widespread availability of diagnostic capabilities like echocardiography. With the increasing patient population diagnosed with AS, the chance of encountering these patients during noncardiac surgery (NCS) increases. Performance of anesthesia is challenging in patients with AS due to the pathophysiological consequences of AS and the hemodynamic changes associated with anesthesia. The patient with AS presenting for NCS is at an increased risk of perioperative major adverse cardiac events (MACEs). This project aimed to determine …


Chronic Stressors, Obesity Pathogenesis, And The Moderating Effect Of Internalized Weight Stigma; A Quantitative, Illinois Study, Karyn Byrne Jan 2025

Chronic Stressors, Obesity Pathogenesis, And The Moderating Effect Of Internalized Weight Stigma; A Quantitative, Illinois Study, Karyn Byrne

Dissertations

The obesity epidemic is a ‘wicked’ problem with a complex web of determinants and outcomes. While generally higher for minoritized populations, prevalence rates manifest in surprising, nonlinear patterns. There is no consensus regarding treatment protocols or mitigation efforts, except that current efforts remain largely ineffective. Much research evidence that a profusion of determinants of health support obesity pathogenesis through various physiological processes and mechanisms, including the allostatic load, mitochondria functioning, the gut microbiome, and epigenetics. Intervening to support markers of the allostatic load (immunity, inflammation, and metabolic health) may provide a more effective treatment outcomes than traditional approaches, which tend …


Saponin Tql1055 Adjuvant-Containing Vaccine Confers Protection Upon Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Challenge In Mice, Mushtaq Ahmed, Eric Farris, Rosemary V Swanson, Shibali Das, Yan Yang, Tyler Martin, Shabaana A Khader Dec 2024

Saponin Tql1055 Adjuvant-Containing Vaccine Confers Protection Upon Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Challenge In Mice, Mushtaq Ahmed, Eric Farris, Rosemary V Swanson, Shibali Das, Yan Yang, Tyler Martin, Shabaana A Khader

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Tuberculosis (TB), caused by the intracellular pathogen


The Association Of Caregiver Attitudes, Information Sources, And Trust With Hpv Vaccine Initiation Among Adolescents, Akila Anandarajah, Thembekile Shato, Sarah Humble, Alan R Barnette, Heather M Brandt, Lisa M Klesges, Vetta L Sanders Thompson, Michelle I Silver Dec 2024

The Association Of Caregiver Attitudes, Information Sources, And Trust With Hpv Vaccine Initiation Among Adolescents, Akila Anandarajah, Thembekile Shato, Sarah Humble, Alan R Barnette, Heather M Brandt, Lisa M Klesges, Vetta L Sanders Thompson, Michelle I Silver

2020-Current year OA Pubs

This study described caregiver attitudes and the information sources they access about HPV vaccination for adolescents and determined their influence on human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination initiation. An online survey was administered to 1,016 adults in July 2021. Participants were eligible if they were the caregiver of a child aged 9-17 residing in Mississippi, Arkansas, Tennessee, Missouri, and select counties in Southern Illinois. Multivariate logistic regression was used to estimate the association of caregiver attitudes and information sources with HPV vaccination. Information from doctors or healthcare providers (87.4%) and internet sources other than social media (31.0%) were the most used sources …


The Effects Of Music Therapy On Pediatric Patients With Congenital Heart Defects In The Pre And Postoperative Setting, Janelle Marie Choy Dec 2024

The Effects Of Music Therapy On Pediatric Patients With Congenital Heart Defects In The Pre And Postoperative Setting, Janelle Marie Choy

Nursing | Student Research Posters

Congenital heart defects is a prominent medical occurrence especially in pediatrics. These defects often require surgeries and extensive treatment plans. These treatment plans often include invasive surgeries and extensive treatment plans which can require long recovery times along with potential surgical complications. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of music therapy on pediatric patients with congenital heart defects in the pre and postoperative setting and how music therapy can be implemented in treatment plans to yield effective recovery results for these patients. This research is significant as elevated vital signs and preoperative anxiety are associated with an increased need …


Measurement Of Cumulative High-Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein And Monocyte To High-Density Lipoprotein Ratio In The Risk Prediction Of Type 2 Diabetes: A Prospective Cohort Study, Dan Wu, Genyuan Chen, Yulong Lan, Shuohua Chen, Xiong Ding, Chiju Wei, Lois Balmer, Wei Wang, Shouling Wu, Wencan Xu Dec 2024

Measurement Of Cumulative High-Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein And Monocyte To High-Density Lipoprotein Ratio In The Risk Prediction Of Type 2 Diabetes: A Prospective Cohort Study, Dan Wu, Genyuan Chen, Yulong Lan, Shuohua Chen, Xiong Ding, Chiju Wei, Lois Balmer, Wei Wang, Shouling Wu, Wencan Xu

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Background: Converging data have suggested that monocytic inflammation and C-reactive protein (CRP) are biologically intertwined processes and are involved in diabetogenesis. This study aimed to investigate the association between systemic inflammation assessed by joint cumulative high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (CumCRP) and monocyte to high-density lipoprotein ratio (CumMHR) and incident type 2 diabetes (T2D) and their predictive value for T2D in a general population. Methods: A total of 40,813 nondiabetic participants from a prospective real-life cohort (Kailuan Study, China) were followed biennially from 2010/2011 until December 31, 2020. Multivariable Cox regression analyses were conducted to evaluate the adjusted hazard ratios (aHRs) of …


Asthma Prevalence Among United States Population Insights From Nhanes Data Analysis, Sarya Swed, Bisher Sawaf, Feras Al-Obeidat, Wael Hafez, Amine Rakab, Hidar Alibrahim, Mohamad Nour Nasif, Baraa Alghalyini, Abdul Rehman Zia Zaidi, Lamees Alshareef, Fadel Alqatati, Fathima Zamrath Zahir, Ashraf I. Ahmed, Mulham Alom, Anas Sultan, Abdullah Almahmoud, Agyad Bakkour, Ivan Cherrez-Ojeda Dec 2024

Asthma Prevalence Among United States Population Insights From Nhanes Data Analysis, Sarya Swed, Bisher Sawaf, Feras Al-Obeidat, Wael Hafez, Amine Rakab, Hidar Alibrahim, Mohamad Nour Nasif, Baraa Alghalyini, Abdul Rehman Zia Zaidi, Lamees Alshareef, Fadel Alqatati, Fathima Zamrath Zahir, Ashraf I. Ahmed, Mulham Alom, Anas Sultan, Abdullah Almahmoud, Agyad Bakkour, Ivan Cherrez-Ojeda

All Works

Asthma is a prevalent respiratory condition that poses a substantial burden on public health in the United States. Understanding its prevalence and associated risk factors is vital for informed policymaking and public health interventions. This study aims to examine asthma prevalence and identify major risk factors in the U.S. population. Our study utilized NHANES data between 1999 and 2020 to investigate asthma prevalence and associated risk factors within the U.S. population. We analyzed a dataset of 64,222 participants, excluding those under 20 years old. We performed binary regression analysis to examine the relationship of demographic and health related covariates with …


Co-Design Of A Personalised Digital Intervention To Improve Vegetable Intake In Adults Living In Australian Rural Communities, Katherine M. Livingstone, Jonathan C. Rawstorn, Laura Alston, Stephanie R. Partridge, Amber Bastian, Kate Dullaghan, Sarah A. Mcnaughton, Gilly A. Hendrie, Lauren C. Blekkenhorst, Ralph Maddison, Yuxin Zhang, Scott Barnett, John C. Mathers, Stephanie L. Godrich Dec 2024

Co-Design Of A Personalised Digital Intervention To Improve Vegetable Intake In Adults Living In Australian Rural Communities, Katherine M. Livingstone, Jonathan C. Rawstorn, Laura Alston, Stephanie R. Partridge, Amber Bastian, Kate Dullaghan, Sarah A. Mcnaughton, Gilly A. Hendrie, Lauren C. Blekkenhorst, Ralph Maddison, Yuxin Zhang, Scott Barnett, John C. Mathers, Stephanie L. Godrich

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Background: Diets low in vegetables are a main contributor to the health burden experienced by Australians living in rural communities. Given the ubiquity of smartphones and access to the Internet, digital interventions may offer an accessible delivery model for a dietary intervention in rural communities. However, no digital interventions to address low vegetable intake have been co-designed with adults living in rural areas. This paper describes the co-design of a digital intervention to improve vegetable intake with rural community members and research partners. Methods: Active participants in the co-design process were adults ≥ 18 years living in three rural Australian …


The Effects Of Short-Term, Progressive Exercise Training On Disease Activity In Smouldering Multiple Myeloma And Monoclonal Gammopathy Of Undetermined Significance: A Single-Arm Pilot Study, A. Emery, S. Moore, J. Crowe, J. Murray, O. Peacock, D. Thompson, F. Betts, S. Rapps, L. Ross, D. Rothschild-Rodriguez, A. A. Echarri, R. Davies, R. Lewis, D. X. Augustine, A. Whiteway, Z. Afzal, J. L. J. Heaney, M. T. Drayson, J. E. Turner, John P. Campbell Dec 2024

The Effects Of Short-Term, Progressive Exercise Training On Disease Activity In Smouldering Multiple Myeloma And Monoclonal Gammopathy Of Undetermined Significance: A Single-Arm Pilot Study, A. Emery, S. Moore, J. Crowe, J. Murray, O. Peacock, D. Thompson, F. Betts, S. Rapps, L. Ross, D. Rothschild-Rodriguez, A. A. Echarri, R. Davies, R. Lewis, D. X. Augustine, A. Whiteway, Z. Afzal, J. L. J. Heaney, M. T. Drayson, J. E. Turner, John P. Campbell

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Background: High levels of physical activity are associated with reduced risk of the blood cancer multiple myeloma (MM). MM is preceded by the asymptomatic stages of monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) and smouldering multiple myeloma (SMM) which are clinically managed by watchful waiting. A case study (N = 1) of a former elite athlete aged 44 years previously indicated that a multi-modal exercise programme reversed SMM disease activity. To build from this prior case study, the present pilot study firstly examined if short-term exercise training was feasible and safe for a group of MGUS and SMM patients, and secondly …


Emergent Microenvironments Of Nucleoli, Matthew R King, Kiersten M Ruff, Rohit V Pappu Dec 2024

Emergent Microenvironments Of Nucleoli, Matthew R King, Kiersten M Ruff, Rohit V Pappu

2020-Current year OA Pubs

In higher eukaryotes, the nucleolus harbors at least three sub-phases that facilitate multiple functionalities including ribosome biogenesis. The three prominent coexisting sub-phases are the fibrillar center (FC), the dense fibrillar component (DFC), and the granular component (GC). Here, we review recent efforts in profiling sub-phase compositions that shed light on the types of physicochemical properties that emerge from compositional biases and territorial organization of specific types of macromolecules. We highlight roles played by molecular grammars which refers to protein sequence features including the substrate binding domains, the sequence features of intrinsically disordered regions, and the multivalence of these distinct types …


Highly Toxic Aβ Begets More Aβ, Merc M. Kemeh, Noel Lazo Sep 2024

Highly Toxic Aβ Begets More Aβ, Merc M. Kemeh, Noel Lazo

Chemistry

No abstract provided.


Premenstrual Dysmorphic Disorder/Premenstrual Syndrome Luteal Phase Treatment, Shelby Gawarecki Jul 2024

Premenstrual Dysmorphic Disorder/Premenstrual Syndrome Luteal Phase Treatment, Shelby Gawarecki

Physician Assistant Scholarly Project Posters

• PMS/PMDD symptoms affect many women's emotional and physical wellbeing.

• SSRIs, progesterone, and sepranolone are luteal phase treatment options.

• Studies were all peer-reviewed, including randomized control trials or a meta-analysis.

• SSRIs are a consistent primary treatment for symptom alleviation especially cognitive symptoms. SSRIs are the current mainstay, recommended for luteal phase treatment of PMS/PMDD.

• SSRIs, including citalopram, sertraline, escitalopram, and fluoxetine, were examined to determine their efficacy in relieving mood-related symptoms such as irritability, anxiety, and depression during the luteal phase.

• Data on progesterone treatment in the luteal phase is inconclusive. • Allopregnanolone levels and …


Comparing The Efficacy Of Heart-Conserving Measures And Retransplantation For Chronic Rejection In The Pediatric Population, Lacey Zeiszler Jul 2024

Comparing The Efficacy Of Heart-Conserving Measures And Retransplantation For Chronic Rejection In The Pediatric Population, Lacey Zeiszler

Physician Assistant Scholarly Project Posters

Coronary allograft vasculopathy is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among pediatric heart transplant recipients and faces unsuccessful treatment for prevention and management. Post-transplant immunosuppressive therapy has been modified over the years to determine the most effective regimen for rejection. Tacrolimus has been the superior immunosuppressant used for rejection since the early 2000s. It has been shown to have substantial immunosuppressive effects, least number of adverse effects, and decreased comorbidities compared to other regimens. Despite these advantages, CAV is still prevalent. Heart retransplantation is currently the only curative treatment. We used Google Scholar, PubMed, ClinicalKey, ScienceDirect, Elsevier, Wiley Online …


Audiological Evaluation Of Persons With Dementia: A Systematic Review, Yehudis Hoch Jun 2024

Audiological Evaluation Of Persons With Dementia: A Systematic Review, Yehudis Hoch

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Background: Dementia and hearing loss are both prevalent, age-related conditions and recent research has established a correlation between the two. Audiological evaluations of persons with dementia are important due to a likely comorbidity of dementia and hearing loss, the detrimental effect that hearing loss has on cognition and cognitive tests, and because the similar presentation of the two conditions can cause hearing loss to be overlooked. Hearing loss intervention is critical for this population due to the positive effects that amplification has on cognition, social engagement, and listening effort. Despite the importance of hearing assessment and intervention, audiological evaluation of …


Performance Analysis Of Hybrid Deep Learning Framework Using A Vision Transformer And Convolutional Neural Network For Handwritten Digit Recognition, Vanita Agrawal, Jayant Jagtap, Shruti Patil, Ketan Kotecha Jun 2024

Performance Analysis Of Hybrid Deep Learning Framework Using A Vision Transformer And Convolutional Neural Network For Handwritten Digit Recognition, Vanita Agrawal, Jayant Jagtap, Shruti Patil, Ketan Kotecha

Journal Articles

Digitization created a demand for highly efficient handwritten document recognition systems. A handwritten document consists of digits, text, symbols, diagrams, etc. Digits are an essential element of handwritten documents. Accurate recognition of handwritten digits is vital for effective communication and data analysis. Various researchers have attempted to address this issue with modern convolutional neural network (CNN) techniques. Even after training, CNN filter weights remain unchanged despite the high identification accuracy. As a result, the process cannot flexibly adapt to input changes. Hence computer vision researchers have recently become interested in Vision Transformers (ViTs) and Multilayer Perceptrons (MLPs). The shortcomings of …


Vestibular Correlates Of Cochlear Implantation, Danielle Lewis Jun 2024

Vestibular Correlates Of Cochlear Implantation, Danielle Lewis

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Previous research has illustrated that vestibular dysfunction is the most prevalent complication of cochlear implant (CI) surgery. There is substantial evidence of both short- and long-term vestibular dysfunction following CI surgery. The objective of this survey was to determine CI recipients’ expectation and satisfaction with their audiologists’ counseling regarding the possible vestibular effects of cochlear implantation. Survey participants included unilateral and bilateral adult CI recipients recruited through the NYC chapter of the Hearing Loss Association of America (HLAA), audiology-related Facebook groups, and Linked-In. The first 25 participants were offered a $20 Amazon gift card upon completion of the survey. The …


The Effect Of Personal Listening Devices On Subjective Hearing Status, Esther Feldman Jun 2024

The Effect Of Personal Listening Devices On Subjective Hearing Status, Esther Feldman

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Long term or brief exposure to loud noise can trigger the onset of noise-induced hearing loss which can lead to a temporary (TTS) or permanent (PTS) shift in hearing threshold. Occupational noise, or recreational noise such as music can contribute to shifts in hearing levels. Listening to music in person at a concert or when listening on earphones/earbuds and streaming from a smartphone can produce sound pressure levels (SPL) high enough to lead to PTS, TTS, and associated symptoms. A survey of adults was conducted to gain insight into onset of self-perceived temporary hearing loss and tinnitus after short term …