Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 123645

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Mechanical Properties Of Canine Patella-Ligament-Tibia Segment., Jeffery Biskup, Andy Freeman, W Camisa, J Innes, Michael Conzemius Jan 2104

Mechanical Properties Of Canine Patella-Ligament-Tibia Segment., Jeffery Biskup, Andy Freeman, W Camisa, J Innes, Michael Conzemius

Jeffery Biskup, DVM, DACVS

OBJECTIVE: To test the ex vivo mechanical properties of canine patella-ligament-tibia (PLT) segment and establish the relationship between donor size and PLT dimensions to the mechanical properties of PLT grafts.STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo mechanical testing study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Canine PLT segments (n = 21 dogs; 42 PLT). METHODS:Morphometric measurements of PLT segments were taken from computed tomography (CT) images and compared with results obtained using calipers. PLT were tested to failure at a rate of 100% length/s. Mechanical properties and failure mode were recorded. RESULTS: PLT width and thickness (P < .001 for both) measured by calipers were significantly lower than those taken from CT images. Thirty-five (83%) specimens failed by avulsion fracture from the patella, 1 failed mid-ligament, and 6 failed by tibial fracture. Dog weight and PLT length had the strongest Pearson's r value when correlated with load at failure (r = 0.73, 0.81, respectively). CONCLUSION:Dog weight and PLT length were the best predictors of load at failure. PLT failure load of dogs weighing >25 kg were similar to those reported for ...


Prostate Cancer: Patient Education For Changing Guidelines, Richard Mendez Jan 2018

Prostate Cancer: Patient Education For Changing Guidelines, Richard Mendez

Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects

In May 2012 United States Preventative Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommended against prostate cancer screening, Grade D, with no other recommendation for providers. Since prostate cancer continues to be among the most common cancer in the United States among men, patients were exposed to previous guidelines during routine visits and require updated educational materials for primary care visits.


The Effects Of Perinatal Methamphetamine Use On Maternal And Child Outcomes: Implications For Education Among Bsn Nursing Students, Tina Nguyen Dec 2017

The Effects Of Perinatal Methamphetamine Use On Maternal And Child Outcomes: Implications For Education Among Bsn Nursing Students, Tina Nguyen

Honors Theses

The implications of methamphetamine use are vast and prevalent in the U.S. This epidemic is also well recognized in Tennessee and in Hamilton County. The number of men and women that continue to use methamphetamine speaks to the importance of this issue. Among these individuals, pregnant women comprise a significant portion of female methamphetamine users across the United States. The potential complications that can arise for not only a mother but also her child due to maternal methamphetamine use pose a much more significant issue. The detrimental effects that a child can experience as a result of maternal methamphetamine ...


Example Doctor Of Nursing Practice Project, Steven W. Pryor Test Nov 2017

Example Doctor Of Nursing Practice Project, Steven W. Pryor Test

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

This is an example of a Doctor of Nursing Practice Project uploaded to SPARK.

This is where the abstract of the submission will appear, briefly summarizing the problem and research results in a few sentences.


Food Justice Youth Development: Using Photovoice To Study Urban School Food Systems, Krista Harper, Catherine Sands, Diego Angarita, Molly Totman, Monica Maitin, Jonell Sostre Rosado, Jazmin Colon, Nick Alger Sep 2017

Food Justice Youth Development: Using Photovoice To Study Urban School Food Systems, Krista Harper, Catherine Sands, Diego Angarita, Molly Totman, Monica Maitin, Jonell Sostre Rosado, Jazmin Colon, Nick Alger

Krista M. Harper

How do youth learn through participation in efforts to study and change the school food system? Through our participatory youth action research (YPAR) project, we move beyond the "youth as consumer" frame to a food justice youth development approach. We track how a group of youth learned about food and the public policy process through their efforts to transform their own school food systems by conducting a participatory evaluation of farm-to-school efforts in collaboration with university and community partners. We used the Photovoice research method, placing cameras in the hands of young people so that they themselves could document and ...


Schizophrenia And Its Effects On An American Family: A Call To Action For The 21st Century, Cynthia Newton Captain May 2017

Schizophrenia And Its Effects On An American Family: A Call To Action For The 21st Century, Cynthia Newton Captain

Senior Theses and Capstone Projects

Our country’s healthcare system is at a moral crossroads. The way we treat those whom we call “the homeless” is deplorable. The majority of the homeless are mentally ill and need treatment. Our country needs to treat those with the severe brain diseases of schizophrenia, schizo-affective disorder, and bi-polar disorder just as we would Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. Those with severe mental illness, who have no insight into their illness, should not be allowed to dictate their own treatment. If a homeless person is brought to San Francisco General Hospital and is found to be a ...


Technical And Physical Match Demands Of A Ncaa Division I Soccer Goalkeeper, Joanne Spalding May 2017

Technical And Physical Match Demands Of A Ncaa Division I Soccer Goalkeeper, Joanne Spalding

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to provide a better understanding of the goalkeeper position in order to prepare goalkeepers for competition. The objectives of this study were to characterize the technical and physical demands of an NCAA Division I collegiate goalkeeper over three seasons and examine trends from season to season. Count and frequency for each definition were analyzed. Results show that although the goalkeeper’s technical demands were characterized by engaging in play without action and being in the goal area, the gradually increased use of the feet over three season’s hints on the importance of skills ...


The Relationship Between Infertility, Infertility Treatment, Psychological Interventions, And Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Antoinette Corley-Newman Jan 2017

The Relationship Between Infertility, Infertility Treatment, Psychological Interventions, And Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Antoinette Corley-Newman

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The number of women diagnosed as infertile continues to grow every year. The psychological impact of the infertility experience has been said to create distress equivalent to that associated with life-threatening illnesses and has been linked with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Using shattered assumption and stress-buffering theory, this quantitative causal comparative study explored the potential functional relationship between infertility and PTSD. The majority of the (all-female) participants were 24- to 34-year-old college graduates. A 2 X 3 factorial between-subjects ANOVA examined and compared the cause and effect of the independent variables, fertility treatment and psychological intervention, on the dependent variable ...


Health Portal Functionality And The Use Of Patient-Centered Technology, Anita Joyce Simmons Jan 2017

Health Portal Functionality And The Use Of Patient-Centered Technology, Anita Joyce Simmons

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Health portals are dedicated web pages for medical practices to provide patients access to their electronic health records. The problem identified in this quality improvement project was that the health portal in the urgent care setting had not been available to staff nor patients. To provide leadership with information related to opening the portal, the first purpose of the project was to assess staff and patients' perceived use, ease of use, attitude toward using, and intention to use the portal. The second purpose was to evaluate the portal education materials for the top 5 urgent care diagnoses: diabetes, hypertension, asthma ...


A Comparative Study Of Cervical Cancer Among Indigenous Amerindian, Afro-Guyanese, And Indo-Guyanese Women In Guyana, Carol Jones-Williams Jan 2017

A Comparative Study Of Cervical Cancer Among Indigenous Amerindian, Afro-Guyanese, And Indo-Guyanese Women In Guyana, Carol Jones-Williams

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Cervical cancer is a major public health problem in developing countries. In Guyana, factors associated with increasing cervical cancer cases among Indigenous Amerindian women (IAW), Afro- women (AGW), and Indo-Guyanese women (IGW) have not been fully examined. In this comparative cross-sectional study, 5,800 cervical cancer cases were selected from Guyanese women age 13 and above for ethnicity (Indigenous Amerindian, Afro- and Indo Guyanese women), geographical region, marital status, and year and stage at diagnosis. Secondary data from Guyana Cancer Registry for the 2000-2012 study periods were analyzed using chi-square test, multinomial logistic regression, poisson regression, and relative risk. Geographical ...


Individual And Socioeconomic Factors Associated With Childhood Immunization Coverage In Nigeria, Obinna Ositadimma Oleribe Jan 2017

Individual And Socioeconomic Factors Associated With Childhood Immunization Coverage In Nigeria, Obinna Ositadimma Oleribe

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Immunization remains one of the most successful and cost-effective public health interventions worldwide. The purpose of this study was to examine the individual and socioeconomic factors that influence childhood immunization coverage in Nigeria. The health belief model and the social ecological model were used as the theoretical framework for the study, which examined the effects of individual, parental, and socioeconomic factors on complete immunization among Nigerian children. Univariate, bivariate, and multivariate tests were conducted within a secondary analysis of 2013 Nigerian National Demographic and Health Survey was done. Of 27,571 children aged 0 to 59 months, 22.1% had ...


Administration Accountability, Fiscal Year 2017, University Of North Texas Health Science Center At Fort Worth Jan 2017

Administration Accountability, Fiscal Year 2017, University Of North Texas Health Science Center At Fort Worth

Office of Finance

No abstract provided.


Online Versus In-Person Therapy: Effect Of Client Demographics And Personality Characteristics, Joel Joseph Kofmehl Jan 2017

Online Versus In-Person Therapy: Effect Of Client Demographics And Personality Characteristics, Joel Joseph Kofmehl

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Traditionally, mental health professionals have provided psychotherapeutic services through face-to-face sessions. As the Internet has become an increasingly important part of individuals' personal and professional lives, psychologists and clients have used this medium to expand access to psychotherapy. The purpose of this quantitative correlational design was to investigate whether demographic variables and the personality traits of extroversion/introversion (E/I), as assessed by the Big Five Inventory, predicted clients' preferences for a specific method of administered psychotherapy. The theoretical framework for this study was social information processing through computer-mediated communication. An online survey site was used to assist in survey ...


Relationship Between Educational Leisure Motivation And Recovery From Mental Illness Among Members Of Clubhouse International, Dianna Rene Pearce Jan 2017

Relationship Between Educational Leisure Motivation And Recovery From Mental Illness Among Members Of Clubhouse International, Dianna Rene Pearce

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Individuals with serious mental illness (SMI) exhibit low motivation to participate in educational leisure activities at Clubhouses accredited by Clubhouse International (CI). This correlational study examined the relationship between each of 4 motives, intellectual, social, competence-mastery, and stimulus-avoidance, to engage in leisure activities, and the perception of recovery from SMI. Knowlesâ??s theory of andragogy supported the concept of informal self-directed learning, which occurs with leisure activities. Literature indicates that participating in leisure activities such as those offered at Clubhouses aids in the recovery from SMI. Quantitative data were collected from a convenience sample of 75 individuals at 4 CI ...


Contributing Factors Of Obesity Among Over-The-Road Truckers, Shari Weiss Jan 2017

Contributing Factors Of Obesity Among Over-The-Road Truckers, Shari Weiss

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Obesity among over-the-road truckers (OTRs) is an epidemic creating significant public health issues among this population. The consequences of obesity (hypertension, diabetes, heart disease) put both truckers' health and their medical clearance at significant risk. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of gender, physical activity, diet, and sleep on obesity among OTRs. Through a socioecological lens, this study examined whether obesity is significantly impacted by gender, physical activity, nutrition, and sleep. This study also examined the impact of the trucking environment on obesity. The study used a quantitative research design and data were collected through a ...


Pathophysiology, Lee Ellen Kirkhorn, Jacquelyn Banasik Dec 2016

Pathophysiology, Lee Ellen Kirkhorn, Jacquelyn Banasik

Lee Ellen C Kirkhorn

No abstract provided.


Using A Tailored Health Information Technology Driven Intervention To Improve Health Literacy And Medication Adherence (Talkingrx), Brenda Fay Dec 2016

Using A Tailored Health Information Technology Driven Intervention To Improve Health Literacy And Medication Adherence (Talkingrx), Brenda Fay

Brenda Fay

Although most patients admitted with acute coronary syndrome or acute ischemic stroke in South Asian countries receive these evidence-based treatments, their overall continuation in the outpatient phase of care remains low. Patient from Pakistan are uniquely challenged in this respect because the overall literacy rates remain one of the lowest in Pakistan among South Asian Countries. In addition, a great majority of Pakistani patients often do not understand or follow health prescriptions (which are still written in English). Additionally, due to an unregulated health industry, they frequently take multiple opinions and prescriptions from different physicians. The investigators propose to develop ...


A Quality Improvement Initiative Aimed At Reducing Complications Related To Iv Fluid Administration In The Acute Care Setting, Katherine Connolly Dec 2016

A Quality Improvement Initiative Aimed At Reducing Complications Related To Iv Fluid Administration In The Acute Care Setting, Katherine Connolly

Seton Hall University DNP Final Projects

Purpose: The purpose of this quality initiative is to bridge the gap between evidence and practice related to the management of intravenous (IV) fluids in the hospital setting and to increase awareness regarding important quality issues, highlighting the critical role of nurses in effecting change in the health delivery system.

Significance of Project: The administration of IV fluids is one of the most common interventions in the hospital setting. The associated complication rate is higher than previously believed. Adverse effects impact recovery time, length of stay, cost, patient safety and survival. Related complications are largely preventable and unmet educational needs ...


Characterization Of Physicochemical And Thermal Properties Of Biofield Treated Ethyl Cellulose And Methyl Cellulose, Mahendra Trivedi Dec 2016

Characterization Of Physicochemical And Thermal Properties Of Biofield Treated Ethyl Cellulose And Methyl Cellulose, Mahendra Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Cellulose and its derivatives are used as potential matrices for biomaterials and tissue engineering applications. The objective of present research was to investigate the influence of biofield treatment on physical, chemical and thermal properties of ethyl cellulose (EC) and methyl cellulose (MC). The study was performed in two groups (control and treated). The control group remained as untreated, and biofield treatment was given to treated group. The biofield treated polymers are characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), CHNSO analysis, X-ray diffraction study (XRD), Differential Scanning calorimetry (DSC), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). FT-IR analysis of treated EC showed downward shifting ...


Characterization Of Physicochemical And Thermal Properties Of Biofield Treated Ethyl Cellulose And Methyl Cellulose, Mahendra Trivedi, Dahryn Trivedi Dec 2016

Characterization Of Physicochemical And Thermal Properties Of Biofield Treated Ethyl Cellulose And Methyl Cellulose, Mahendra Trivedi, Dahryn Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Cellulose and its derivatives are used as potential matrices for biomaterials and tissue engineering applications. The objective of present research was to investigate the influence of biofield treatment on physical, chemical and thermal properties of ethyl cellulose (EC) and methyl cellulose (MC). The study was performed in two groups (control and treated). The control group remained as untreated, and biofield treatment was given to treated group. The biofield treated polymers are characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), CHNSO analysis, X-ray diffraction study (XRD), Differential Scanning calorimetry (DSC), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). FT-IR analysis of treated EC showed downward shifting ...


Role Of The Endocannabinoid System And Medical Cannabis, Sean Rasmussen, Sabrina Jarvis, Blaine Winters Dec 2016

Role Of The Endocannabinoid System And Medical Cannabis, Sean Rasmussen, Sabrina Jarvis, Blaine Winters

All Student Publications

Our bodies produce substances called endocannabinoids which attach to receptors within the endocannabinoid system (ECS) impacting physiological processes on a daily basis. The cannabis plant contains over 100 different cannabinoids which also manipulate the ECS. Knowledge about these interactions have led to an increase in cannabis based pharmacological studies. Providers should have a basic understanding about how the ECS works and how cannabis is being used to treat certain illnesses. This article presents what is currently known about the ECS and how cannabis based medicines impact it, as well as the current laws providers need know regarding cannabis use.


Nutritionmma-2.Pdf, Drew Griffiths Dec 2016

Nutritionmma-2.Pdf, Drew Griffiths

Drew Griffiths

Draft of a Sports Nutrition book, written specifically for combat sports but applicable to all.


Improving Quality And Efficient Communication Between Providers And Nursing - A Psychiatric Sbar Tool (Psych), Karen Lee Richards Dec 2016

Improving Quality And Efficient Communication Between Providers And Nursing - A Psychiatric Sbar Tool (Psych), Karen Lee Richards

Master's Projects

IMPROVING QUALITY AND EFFICIENT COMMUNICATION BETWEEN

PROVIDERS AND NURSING - A PSYCHIATRIC SBAR TOOL (PSYCH)

Karen Richards

University of San Francisco

Abstract

Effective communication is the cornerstone of providing safety and quality healthcare. However, nursing and providers often share information inequitably, as these disciplines are trained differently regarding communication. Providers are taught to be brief, accurate and focused while nurses are taught to be descriptive and holistic. These differences have led to disparity in the sharing of valuable patient information, subsequently leading to increased frustration, inefficiency, and medical errors. Multiple studies provide evidence that poor communication is a major contributor to ...


Patient Care Sitter Reduction And Fall Safety Improvement, Timothy J. Bock Dec 2016

Patient Care Sitter Reduction And Fall Safety Improvement, Timothy J. Bock

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

The financial constraints imposed upon operational budgets by the frequent use of patient care sitters is well known among hospital leadership. Despite the high labor costs associated with direct and continuous observation, this intervention is routinely deployed by frontline care teams in an effort to preserve patients from harm, particularly from accidental falls. This reality creates an opportunity where significant budget savings can be achieved by supplanting the use of patient care sitters with more effective fall prevention strategies. This quality improvement (QI) project implemented a non-psychiatric sitter reduction and fall prevention initiative in two high volume adult acute care ...


Using Multi-Modal Education In A Public Health System To Increase Rates Of Cervical Cancer Screening, Christina Nardi Dec 2016

Using Multi-Modal Education In A Public Health System To Increase Rates Of Cervical Cancer Screening, Christina Nardi

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

While Papanicolaou (Pap) screening has been implemented since the 1950’s, and is linked to decreased rates of cervical cancer, national screening rates are still below the national target screening rate. In Contra Costa County (CCC), the current cervical cancer screening rate is 50.92% (Contra Costa Health Services [CCHS], 2016a). This is far below the national goal of 93% and the first benchmark of 54.33% needed in order to receive state funding under the California Department of Health Care Services (DHCS) Medi-Cal 2020 waiver. The Medi-Cal 2020 waiver has a 5-year Public Health Incentives and Redesign in Medi-Cal ...


Development Of Cxcr4-Inhibiting Nanoparticles For The Treatment Of Metastatic Cancer, Yan Wang Dec 2016

Development Of Cxcr4-Inhibiting Nanoparticles For The Treatment Of Metastatic Cancer, Yan Wang

Theses & Dissertations

Metastasis is the main cause of cancer mortality and morbidity, leading to several million deaths every year. Less than 20% of pancreatic cancer (PC) patients are candidates for surgery due to spread beyond the pancreas. Desmoplasia presents substantial barriers to perfusion, diffusion, and convection of antitumor therapeutics into the PC tissues. We focus on developing novel therapies that regulates tumor microenvironment, chemosensitizing tumor to therapeutics and preventing metastasis.

Gene therapy is emerging as a promising new therapeutic agents for cancer treatment. A targeted, systemic, effective and safe gene delivery system should be developed. CXCR4/SDF-1 axis plays a crucial role ...


Inside The Juvenile Justice System, Megan Phalon Dec 2016

Inside The Juvenile Justice System, Megan Phalon

Master's Projects

The United States of America is known for freedom and integrity and being a nation that stands for justice and equality for all. Within the United States there are systems in place to better the people and communities in order to provide safety and order. However, just as any nation, there is a struggle with violent behavior and tendencies among adults and adolescents. Within the last three decades, the United States has created a correctional system that specifically targets adolescents, and that acknowledges the differences between adult and juvenile development and deviant behavior. Within this literature review, academic databases were ...


Approach To Safety Improvement: Focusing On Better Care (Fall Prevention In Medical Surgical/Intermediate Care Unit), Jose Fox Caballes Jr Dec 2016

Approach To Safety Improvement: Focusing On Better Care (Fall Prevention In Medical Surgical/Intermediate Care Unit), Jose Fox Caballes Jr

Master's Projects

Patient safety is one of the major concern of any healthcare provider during their patient’s hospital stay. This project addressed the steady trend of fall incidences compared to last fiscal years’ data of an average of 4 falls per month. This trend created urgency to envisioned a plan for solutions to prevent this circumstance from happening. This Clinical Nurse Leader led a project in creating a process in identifying all patients that are high risk to fall (HRTF) prior to their admittance or transfer to Medical Surgical/Intermediate Care Unit and throughout their hospital stay until they are discharged ...


Ihss: Repackaging Consumer Information, Deloras N. Puran Dec 2016

Ihss: Repackaging Consumer Information, Deloras N. Puran

Master's Projects

Currently, qualified Californians with disabilities and aging individuals can receive consumer-directed care through the IHSS program. Despite the strong demand for the program, new consumers are still struggling to begin their service after enrollment.

This study assisted San Francisco In Home Supportive Services Public Authority to understand how new consumers can navigate the IHSS program services after enrollment. Focus group and semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted to gather feedback from consumers regarding what type of information would they need after enrollment, and how would they want to receive the information. Based on the feedback, written and virtual deliverables were designed ...


Mental Health Workout: Lifting Stigma, Jeremy Bambery Dec 2016

Mental Health Workout: Lifting Stigma, Jeremy Bambery

Master's Projects

Mental illness affects one out of every five Americans between the ages 13-18, and it is estimated that two-thirds of these individuals will not seek treatment due to the stigma associated with having a mental illness or mental health issue (National Alliance on Mental Illness). Access to information and the ability to talk openly without fear will aid in creating a stigma free future. The goal of this project is to supply high school students in the San Francisco Bay Area with information regarding the stigma associated with mental health and mental illness via videos that will be used as ...