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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Effects Of Naltrexone On Alcohol And Nicotine Use In Female P Rats, Usman Z. Hamid, Michael T. Bardo Ph.D. Nov 2018

Effects Of Naltrexone On Alcohol And Nicotine Use In Female P Rats, Usman Z. Hamid, Michael T. Bardo Ph.D.

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Title: Effects of Naltrexone on Alcohol and Nicotine Use in Female P Rats

Author: Usman Z. Hamid, Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky

Faculty Mentor: Michael T. Bardo, Ph.D., Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky

Alcohol is the most commonly abused substance worldwide. It is often co-abused with nicotine, which increases the difficulty of cessation of both alcohol and nicotine. Despite having similar mechanisms of action, there is no single medication to treat the co-abuse. The objective of the current study is to analyze the effects of the opiate antagonist naltrexone on alcohol consumption and the co-use of alcohol ...


Complementary And Alternative Therapies For Military Veterans In The Management Of Chronic Pain And Ptsd: An Integrative Literature Review, Gintare Cepukaite, Amanda Munday Nov 2018

Complementary And Alternative Therapies For Military Veterans In The Management Of Chronic Pain And Ptsd: An Integrative Literature Review, Gintare Cepukaite, Amanda Munday

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: A large percentage of veterans and military personal are living with the reality of chronic pain from war-related injuries both mental (PTSD) and physical (neuropathic pain or amputations). Research is being performed to evaluate integrative and alternative medicine to be a part of the interdisciplinary care in the management of chronic pain and PTSD.

Objectives: The objective of this integrative literature will be to analyze research regarding whether complementary and alternative therapies is an effective management for chronic pain and PTSD.

Methods: This integrative literature review will use a matrix method to evaluate the data and compare the ...


Populations At Risk For Cervical Cancer, Danielle Dodd, Chantal Boyd Nov 2018

Populations At Risk For Cervical Cancer, Danielle Dodd, Chantal Boyd

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

This integrative literature review discusses the possible negative effects of the current cervical cancer screening guidelines enforced by the U.S. Preventative Task Force. Potential negative effects of guidelines are examined to determine the need for a more personalized approach in future cervical cancer screening guidelines. The purpose of this integrated literature review is to identify women at greater risk for developing breast cancer and their need to have more frequent screenings. The U.S. Preventative Task Force currently only requires frequent cervical cancer screenings in women who are immunocompromised, due to diseases such as HIV, or women who ...


The Effect Of Workplace Violence On Inpatient Psychiatric Nursing: An Integrative Literature Review, Elizabeth Lubinski, Jessica Kolber Nov 2018

The Effect Of Workplace Violence On Inpatient Psychiatric Nursing: An Integrative Literature Review, Elizabeth Lubinski, Jessica Kolber

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: Psychiatric nurses are at an increased risk for experiencing violence while working in an inpatient psychiatric unit, which may result in emotional distress and mental trauma for the nurse, potentially leading to impaired functioning and compromised patient care.

Objectives: The purpose of this integrative literature review is to explore the effect of violence on inpatient psychiatric nursing and the psychiatric nurse’s response to experiencing violence. The impact of violence on the nurse’s ability to take care of the psychiatric patient will also be addressed.

Method: An integrated literature review using the updated Whittemore and Knafl (2005 ...


Wic Professionals’ Adaptations In Clinical Practice To Better Assess And Address Household Food Insecurity In Participating Families, Kristal Kim Nov 2018

Wic Professionals’ Adaptations In Clinical Practice To Better Assess And Address Household Food Insecurity In Participating Families, Kristal Kim

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: While research on Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) participation and proximal health indicators has been considerable, literature on best practices for assessing and addressing household food insecurity in public health clinics remains limited. The purpose of this study was to examine WIC professionals’ knowledge and perspectives of household food insecurity among WIC program participants.

Method: During January 2018, we conducted four focus groups utilizing a semi-structured interview guide with public health staff (N = 24) across four public health districts in Midwestern counties. WIC staff included social workers, nurses, nutritionists and ancillary staff. All ...


Plant Based Diets Ability To Prevent Or Reverse Cardio-Metabolic Diseases, Alyssa Pollina Nov 2018

Plant Based Diets Ability To Prevent Or Reverse Cardio-Metabolic Diseases, Alyssa Pollina

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

No abstract provided.


Predictors Of Success In Transition To Practice On New Graduate Registered Nurses In Critical Care Settings: An Integrative Literature Review, Shekinah Akut Nov 2018

Predictors Of Success In Transition To Practice On New Graduate Registered Nurses In Critical Care Settings: An Integrative Literature Review, Shekinah Akut

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: The ongoing nursing shortage forced hospitals to employ new graduate nurses in specialty care areas including critical care. Transition to practice programs were implemented to effectively aid new graduate nurses as they enter the practice, as well as improve their competency and retention. While these programs have been successful in accomplishing its purpose, there is a lack of knowledge of the different factors that influence their effectiveness.

Objectives: To identify the predictors of success of transition to practice programs on new graduates nurses in critical care, and to examine the relationship between those factors and new graduate nurses’ competency ...


The Effects Of Family Support Within The Long-Term Care Facility: An Integrative Literature Review, Mia Delesdernier Nov 2018

The Effects Of Family Support Within The Long-Term Care Facility: An Integrative Literature Review, Mia Delesdernier

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: As people age they might require more care, and this care can become more difficult; the family can only take on this burden for so long. It is common for a family to move their loved one into a long-term care facility. Many of these facilities are moving towards a family-centered model for patient care.

Objective: The purpose of this literature review was to determine the effects of a family-centered model within long-term care facilities, to determine if these effects were positive or negative, and to discover changes that can be made to this model in order to generate ...


Addressing Standards Of Practice For Screening Youth For Onset Of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: An Integrative Review Of The Literature, Nancy Garrett Nov 2018

Addressing Standards Of Practice For Screening Youth For Onset Of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: An Integrative Review Of The Literature, Nancy Garrett

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Addressing Standards of Practice for Screening Youth for Onset of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: An Integrative Review of the Literature

Nancy Garrett, MS

Faculty Sponsor: Alison DiValerio, MS, RN

Abstract

Background:Accompanying the epidemic of childhood obesity over the past few decades is the rapidly growing incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) and prediabetes among the pediatric population. While expansive knowledge exists on diagnosing type 2 diabetes among adults, less is known regarding effective diagnosis of the disease in youth.

Objectives:To explore what standards of practice exist in screening pediatric patients for type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Methods:An ...


Use Of Dietary Interventions To Manage Rheumatoid Arthritis Pain In The Adult Population, Andrea Ohmer Nov 2018

Use Of Dietary Interventions To Manage Rheumatoid Arthritis Pain In The Adult Population, Andrea Ohmer

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Use of Dietary Interventions to Manage Rheumatoid Arthritis Pain in the Adult Population

An Integrative Review of Literature

Andrea Ohmer, MS

Advisor: Dr. Elizabeth Hartman, RN

Abstract

Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease affecting the joints, often leading to pain, permanent tissue damage, and joint deformity. Current conventional medicine can only slow the disease process, which has caused some people to seek alternative therapies, including dietary modification, in the treatment and management of RA symptoms.

Objective: The purpose of this integrative literature review was to identify if dietary interventions can be used as adjunct therapy in ...


Utilizing Phototherapy For Wound Healing In Nursing Practice: An Integrative Literature Review, Desiree Donovan Nov 2018

Utilizing Phototherapy For Wound Healing In Nursing Practice: An Integrative Literature Review, Desiree Donovan

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: Foot ulcers are a major concern in diabetic patients with an estimated 25% of this population developing diabetic neuropathy. The current treatments do not directly address reestablishing the integrity of the microvascular circulation which would decrease wound healing time and the expense of wound care.

Objectives: To examine the possible benefits of utilizing phototherapy as an adjunct treatment to improve diabetic wound outcomes in nursing practice.

Methods: Three data bases were searched: CINAHL Complete, PubMed, and Health Source Nursing and Academic Edition. The search terms were as follows: light therapy, wound healing, low level light therapy, and diabetic patients ...


Impact Of Trauma Center Quality And Geographical Location On Patient Mortality Rates, Bobbie Woods Nov 2018

Impact Of Trauma Center Quality And Geographical Location On Patient Mortality Rates, Bobbie Woods

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Impact of Trauma Center Quality and Geographical Location on Patient Mortality Rates

An Integrative Literature Review

Bobbie Woods, MS

Advisor: Dr. Elizabeth Hartman, PhD, RN

Background: The geographic distribution affecting availability of care, in addition to the quality of trauma care centers significantly impacts patient stabilization and mortality resulting in higher rates of negative patient outcomes.

Objective: The purpose of this literature review is to analyze the impact of trauma systems on morbidity and mortality among populations who are geographically isolated or lack adequate resources to receive quality care, and to also make apparent a need for a more practical ...


An Extra Set Of Hands Or A Roadblock: Nursing Perceptions Of A Birth Doula In The United States Of America, Danielle Pearl Nov 2018

An Extra Set Of Hands Or A Roadblock: Nursing Perceptions Of A Birth Doula In The United States Of America, Danielle Pearl

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

An Extra Set of Hands or a Roadblock: Nursing Perceptions of a Birth Doula in the United States of America: An Integrative Literature Review

Danielle Pearl, MS

Faculty Sponsor: Alison DiValerio, MS, RN

Abstract

Background: Several studies analyze the relationship and perceptions of nurses of doulas. The studies establish that while the roles of the doula and the nurse are markedly different, they both aim at serving women best if they complement one another. A common thread among the research the threat some nurses feel by doula support, it is possible that the doula’s role is misunderstood.

Objectives: What ...


Effects Of A Gluten Free Diet On Cardiovascular Health, Alexandra Williamson, Nicole Baty Nov 2018

Effects Of A Gluten Free Diet On Cardiovascular Health, Alexandra Williamson, Nicole Baty

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: Implementing fad diets without the knowledge about actual health costs or benefits of the diet has become common practice. One diet being utilized that needs more research done is the gluten free diet (GFD). Individuals with celiac disease (CD) need to implement a GFD. However, individuals without celiac disease may not benefit from a gluten free diet at all.

Objective: The purpose of the integrative literature review is to investigate what research has been conducted regarding the effects of a gluten free diet on individuals without celiac disease, especially in relation to cardiovascular health.

Methods: Multiple databases were ...


The Effects Of Exercise On Brain Function In Alzheimer’S Patients, Jasmine Perez Nov 2018

The Effects Of Exercise On Brain Function In Alzheimer’S Patients, Jasmine Perez

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

The Effects of Exercise on Brain Function in Alzheimer’s Patients

An Integrative Literature Review

Jasmine Perez, MS

Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Elizabeth Hartman, PhD, RN

Abstract

Background: Alzheimer’s disease affects nearly 26 million people and is the fourth leading cause of death in people over the age of seventy worldwide. There have been enormous amounts of funding and resources invested in the study of Alzheimer’s disease and pharmacological treatment. However, there is currently no disease-modifying or preventative management for Alzheimer’s disease. Researchers suggest that if exercise is integrated into the treatment regimen it may have the ability ...


The Effects Of Music Therapy On Executive Functioning And Emotions In Stroke Patients: An Integrative Review Of The Literature, Michelle Brand Nov 2018

The Effects Of Music Therapy On Executive Functioning And Emotions In Stroke Patients: An Integrative Review Of The Literature, Michelle Brand

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: Presently the use of complementary alternative medicine such as music therapy is currently not included as part of the curative process for CVA patients. Review of the literature supports the use of music as a complementary source for quicker adaptation to rehabilitation.

Objectives: The purpose of this literature review is to explore the positive impact and potential that music therapy might provide to patients who are recovering from a CVA event.

Methods: This integrative literature review utilized the Whittmore and Knalf (2005) framework to synthesize and organize the research that was conducted. CINAHL, PsychInfo, and PubMed databases were utilized ...


Clinical Cues Of Suboptimal Glucose Homeostasis In Individuals Diagnosed With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: An Integrative Literature Review, Joel Hutson Nov 2018

Clinical Cues Of Suboptimal Glucose Homeostasis In Individuals Diagnosed With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: An Integrative Literature Review, Joel Hutson

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: General practice healthcare providers may not fully utilize all available subtle clinical cues (physical/behavioral signs and symptoms) when screening for diabetes, or when assessing for suboptimal control of glucose homeostasis.

Objectives: To assess the prevalence and utility of incorporating diabetic clinical cues into routine physical assessments and questionnaires of individuals with type 2 diabetes, and to compile a comprehensive list and questionnaire using clinical cues.

Methods: Utilizing the databases CINAHL Complete, PubMed, and Academic Search Complete, an integrative literature review of 78 studies was conducted using the key terms type 2 diabetes and clinical manifestations of diabetes.

Results ...


Complementary And Alternative Medicine In Chronic Conditions In Pediatrics, Kelly Colletti, Sierra Williams Nov 2018

Complementary And Alternative Medicine In Chronic Conditions In Pediatrics, Kelly Colletti, Sierra Williams

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: The number of people being diagnosed with a chronic disease is on the rise. Living with a chronic disease impacts a person’s physical, mental, emotional, financial, and social aspects of the person’s life as well. A child diagnosed with a chronic disease is even more affected by the disease due to the lack of understanding of the disease. Alternative therapies to medication and procedures are explored as a way to help children cope with the symptoms and side effects of their disease.

Objectives: The purpose of this integrated literature review is to determine the effectiveness of ...


Preventing Postpartum Depression In Women Living In The United States: An Integrative Literature Review, Melanie Rein, Natalie Allen Nov 2018

Preventing Postpartum Depression In Women Living In The United States: An Integrative Literature Review, Melanie Rein, Natalie Allen

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: Postpartum depression (PPD) is common among women living in the United States (U.S.). Unfortunately, despite its prevalence, PPD is underdiagnosed and undertreated. This can have serious consequences for both mother and baby. Research suggests that there is a need for further understanding of interventions to prevent PPD.

Objectives: The purpose of this integrative literature review is to examine strategies that can be used as prevention interventions for PPD.

Methods: An integrative literature review was conducted to identify research supporting PPD prevention. Research was collected by accessing databases through DePaul University Library and was organized according to the ...


Language Barriers And Their Effects On The Latino Patient An Integrative Review, Yesenia Romero Nov 2018

Language Barriers And Their Effects On The Latino Patient An Integrative Review, Yesenia Romero

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

The United States has many immigrants that have not yet mastered the language, causing them to have limited English proficiency (LEP). For some, this may not be a problem, but for those with medical issues it can be. Having LEP causes there to be a language barrier between the patient and healthcare worker, making it difficult to communicate. A lack of holistic care can occur when healthcare professionals does not speak the same language as their patients. Consequently, this lack of care can lead to an array of concerns. The purpose of this integrative review was to gather current ...


Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium, Evie Stoltz Nov 2018

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium, Evie Stoltz

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

No abstract provided.


Breast Cancer Patients Post-Traumatic Growth And Positive Change, Miranda M. Delgado, Sidrah A. Khan Nov 2018

Breast Cancer Patients Post-Traumatic Growth And Positive Change, Miranda M. Delgado, Sidrah A. Khan

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Breast cancer is extremely common among women in the United States and has affected the lives of many people. Due to the commonality of the diagnosis, research regarding improvements and treatment options is vast and extensive. Breast cancer has ever increasing survival rates and so the care of breast cancer survivors’ mental health has become a major focus as cancer is a life altering and oftentimes traumatic experience. The intent of the integrative literature review is to describe the overall effectiveness of implementing Post-Traumatic Growth (PTG) interventions in women surviving breast cancer to facilitate positive change. The integrative literature ...


Preventing Medication Errors, Nathan Frierson Nov 2018

Preventing Medication Errors, Nathan Frierson

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: Medication errors are multifactorial incidents affecting patients, providers, and healthcare institutions.

Objective: This literature review seeks to explore some of the reasons they occur, strategies currently used to prevent them, and explore nursing knowledge, attitude, and skills (KAS) as they relate to medication safety.

Method: The research was conducted using the Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN) project as the conceptual framework in evaluating current literature to gain insight into the KAS of nurses currently practicing in critical care settings. Articles were pulled from various databases including PubMed, CINAHL, PsychInfo, and ProQuest.

Results: A total of 12 ...


Food Insecurity And Its Effects On Cardiovascular Health, Rachel Vaca Nov 2018

Food Insecurity And Its Effects On Cardiovascular Health, Rachel Vaca

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: Over 23 million Americans live in food deserts, furthermore 49 million Americans have experienced food insecurity multiple times throughout the year. In the United States, especially compared to undeveloped countries, food insecurity usually means not having access to healthy, nutritious options. Food choices that are lacking proper nutrients can contribute to obesity, high cholesterol, and diabetes which can then impact the cardiovascular system negatively.

Objectives: This study will examine how having access to adequate nutrition impacts overall cardiovascular health and risk factors for developing cardiovascular disease. The studies selected in this review examine cardiovascular health by studying risk factors ...


Development Of A Pd-L1 Pet Imaging Biomarker, Caleb Jack Bridgwater Nov 2018

Development Of A Pd-L1 Pet Imaging Biomarker, Caleb Jack Bridgwater

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Immunotherapy strategies are very promising treatments for cancer patients. Specifically, Immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy focusing on the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway shows long-lasting positive results in many cancer patients. Unfortunately, not all the patients can benefit from this highly effective treatment. Hence, there is a great need for predictive biomarkers. Immunohistochemical (IHC) staining has been used as a way of predicting patient response, yet shows many problems. For example, IHC utilizes an invasive biopsy and sample fixing, which creates an incomplete and delayed picture of the patient’s biochemistry and the tumor microenvironment, consequently ignoring metastases.

The purpose of this study ...


L-Serine Reduces Reactive Oxygen Species Yield In Cisplatin Treated Zebrafish Utricles, Satya A. Moolani, Elvin Irihamye, Jerry D. Monroe, Michael E. Smith Nov 2018

L-Serine Reduces Reactive Oxygen Species Yield In Cisplatin Treated Zebrafish Utricles, Satya A. Moolani, Elvin Irihamye, Jerry D. Monroe, Michael E. Smith

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Cisplatin is a chemotherapy compound effective against a variety of cancers. However, it can act as an ototoxin and cause hearing loss by promoting reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in auditory tissues. The antioxidant amino acid, L-serine has been hypothesized to lower levels of cisplatin-mediated ROS. In this project, we investigated whether L-serine can reduce cisplatin-mediated ROS production in auditory tissue and potentially act as an otoprotectant during cisplatin chemotherapy. We used a zebrafish utricular tissue culture system and fluorescent ROS indicator dye to spectrophotometrically measure if L-serine could decrease reactive oxygen species levels in cisplatin-treated tissues. We found that ...


Identification Of New Genes In Congenital Heart Defects, Naomi Siddiquee Nov 2018

Identification Of New Genes In Congenital Heart Defects, Naomi Siddiquee

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is the most common form of cyanotic congenital heart disease, occurring in 1 in 3000 live births. TOF is a combination of four heart defects that affect normal blood flow. Shone’s Syndrome is another rare congenital heart disease consisting of left-sided obstructive heart lesions. Although the diagnosis of both diseases is confirmed by clinical evaluation and physical examination, their pathogenesis is unknown. This research aimed to identify and characterize new genetic variants in hereditary cardiac diseases, specifically Tetralogy of Fallot and Shone’s Syndrome. Exome sequencing identified 20 nucleotide variants in different genes among TOF ...


Mechanisms Mediating The Pro-Fibrotic Effects Of Estradiol, Haley Fulton Nov 2018

Mechanisms Mediating The Pro-Fibrotic Effects Of Estradiol, Haley Fulton

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Scleroderma is a connective tissue disease which promotes fibrosis of the skin and internal organs. Scleroderma patients have upregulated production of fibrotic extracellular matrix proteins and upregulated serum estradiol levels compared to control subjects. Estradiol effects eukaryotic transcription and gene expression when it enters the nucleus via one of its nuclear hormone receptors. Estrogen receptor one/ estrogen receptor alpha (ESR1) is present on the nuclear membrane and binds the ligand estrogen. These experiments were designed to study the various isoforms of ESR1 and determine if gene expression of ESR1 was greater in fibroblasts and human skin stimulated with estradiol than ...


Evaluating The Effects Of Handmade Cards On Hospitalized Patients’ Health, Abigail Prins Nov 2018

Evaluating The Effects Of Handmade Cards On Hospitalized Patients’ Health, Abigail Prins

Scholars Week

Social support has a major influence on the health of patients. However, many hospitalized patients receive little or no visits from friends or family. The absence of social support may have negative effects on patients’ health. The knowledge of health benefits from social support are growing, however, there is little research on interventions offering support. The purpose of this research project is to evaluate the intervention of giving handmade cards to patients in the hospital setting on psychological and physiological health. The design will indicate if gifting handmade cards elicits effects of social support. The investigator used a convenience sample ...


Designing Tailored Patient Education On Atrial Fibrillation, Tammy Toscos, R Ahmed, Romisa Rohani Ghahari, Elizabeth Martin, Shauna Wagner, Michelle Drouin, Michael J. Mirro Nov 2018

Designing Tailored Patient Education On Atrial Fibrillation, Tammy Toscos, R Ahmed, Romisa Rohani Ghahari, Elizabeth Martin, Shauna Wagner, Michelle Drouin, Michael J. Mirro

Presentations and Events

Background & Hypothesis: Research has revealed a high prevalence of depression, anxiety, and burnout among medical students accompanied by widespread lack of treatment. We hypothesize that by leveraging our study findings examining the use of telemental health(TMH) among youth (ages 14-24) alongside results from existing research focused on the mental health needs of medical students (median age at start 22-24 years old), we will gain valuable insight into the potential for TMH to address the needs of this high-risk population.

Methods: Using the Delphi method, a sample of 25 experts were surveyed anonymously, thus avoiding group pressure for conformity while ...