Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 2343

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Extra Uterine Development Of Preterm Kidneys, Yogavijayan Kandasamy, Donna Rudd, Roger Smith, Eugenie R. Lumbers, Ian M. R Wright Jan 2018

Extra Uterine Development Of Preterm Kidneys, Yogavijayan Kandasamy, Donna Rudd, Roger Smith, Eugenie R. Lumbers, Ian M. R Wright

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Objective: We carried out a study to determine the impact of prematurity on renal development. The primary outcomes measured were nephrinuria and albuminuria; renal volume and glomerular filtration rate were the secondary outcomes. Methods: Preterm neonates born at less than 28 weeks of gestation, with birth weight between 10th and 90th centile (appropriate for gestational age), were recruited and underwent assessments at 28, 32 and 37 weeks postmenstrual age (PMA). Results: Fifty-three premature neonates and 31 term neonates (control) were recruited. The median gestational age of the premature neonates was 26.4 [24.7-27.4] weeks, with a mean birth ...


Standardised Alcohol Screening In Primary Health Care Services Targeting Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islander Peoples In Australia, M Islam, Helen Oni, K Lee, Noel Hayman, Scott Wilson, Kristie Harrison, Beth Hummerston, Rowena G. Ivers, Kate M. Conigrave Jan 2018

Standardised Alcohol Screening In Primary Health Care Services Targeting Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islander Peoples In Australia, M Islam, Helen Oni, K Lee, Noel Hayman, Scott Wilson, Kristie Harrison, Beth Hummerston, Rowena G. Ivers, Kate M. Conigrave

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Introduction and aims: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Community Controlled Health Services (ACCHSs) around Australia have been asked to standardise screening for unhealthy drinking. Accordingly, screening with the 3-item AUDIT-C (Alcohol Use Disorders Identifcation Test-Consumption) tool has become a national key performance indicator. Here we provide an overview of suitability of AUDIT-C and other brief alcohol screening tools for use in ACCHSs. Methods: All peer-reviewed literature providing original data on validity, acceptability or feasibility of alcohol screening tools among Indigenous Australians was reviewed. Narrative synthesis was used to identify themes and integrate results. Results: Three screening tools-full AUDIT, AUDIT-3 (third ...


Are Older Australians With Chronic Diseases Online?, Pippa Burns, Sandra C. Jones, Peter Caputi, Donald C. Iverson Jan 2018

Are Older Australians With Chronic Diseases Online?, Pippa Burns, Sandra C. Jones, Peter Caputi, Donald C. Iverson

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Issue addressed: Health information can be easily and cheaply provided through the Internet. However, we do not know whether older adults, those people most likely to be living with a chronic disease, are online or whether they use the Internet to find health information. Methods: In order to establish the proportion of older Australians online, the impact of their current health status and chronic disease diagnosis on Internet usage and whether they use the Internet to search for health information, a paper-based survey was developed and mailed to 9000 older adults, resident in New South Wales, Australia (response rate = 46 ...


Propyl-5-Hydroxy-3-Methyl-1-Phenyl-1h-Pyrazole-4-Carbodithioate (Hmpc): A New Bacteriostatic Agent Against Methicillin - Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus, Tatiana Johnston, Daria Van Tyne, Roy Fangxing Chen, Nicolas Fawzi, Bumsup Kwon, Michael J. Kelso, Michael Gilmore, Eleftherios Mylonakis Jan 2018

Propyl-5-Hydroxy-3-Methyl-1-Phenyl-1h-Pyrazole-4-Carbodithioate (Hmpc): A New Bacteriostatic Agent Against Methicillin - Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus, Tatiana Johnston, Daria Van Tyne, Roy Fangxing Chen, Nicolas Fawzi, Bumsup Kwon, Michael J. Kelso, Michael Gilmore, Eleftherios Mylonakis

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

The emergence of Staphylococcus aureus strains resistant to 'last resort' antibiotics compels the development of new antimicrobials against this important human pathogen. We found that propyl 5-hydroxy-3-methyl-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazole-4-carbodithioate (HMPC) shows bacteriostatic activity against S. aureus (MIC = 4 μg/ml) and rescues Caenorhabditis elegans from S. aureus infection. Whole-genome sequencing of S. aureus mutants resistant to the compound, along with screening of a S. aureus promoter-lux reporter array, were used to explore possible mechanisms of action. All mutants resistant to HMPC acquired missense mutations at distinct codon positions in the global transcriptional regulator mgrA, followed by secondary mutations in the phosphatidylglycerol lysyltransferase ...


The Influence Of Instrumental Line Shape Degradation On Ndacc Gas Retrievals: Total Column And Profile, Youwen Sun, Mathias Palm, Cheng Liu, Frank Hase, David W. T Griffith, Christine Weinzierl, Christof Petri, Wei Wang, Justus Notholt Jan 2018

The Influence Of Instrumental Line Shape Degradation On Ndacc Gas Retrievals: Total Column And Profile, Youwen Sun, Mathias Palm, Cheng Liu, Frank Hase, David W. T Griffith, Christine Weinzierl, Christof Petri, Wei Wang, Justus Notholt

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

We simulated instrumental line shape (ILS) degradations with respect to typical types of misalignment, and compared their influence on each NDACC (Network for Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change) gas. The sensitivities of the total column, the root mean square (rms) of the fitting residual, the total random uncertainty, the total systematic uncertainty, the total uncertainty, degrees of freedom for signal (DOFs), and the profile with respect to different levels of ILS degradation for all current standard NDACC gases, i.e. O3, HNO3, HCl, HF, ClONO2, CH4, CO, N2O, C2H6, and HCN ...


Anisotropic Functionalization Of Upconversion Nanoparticles, Wei Ren, Shihui Wen, Sherif Tawfik, Qian Su, Gungun Lin, Lining Ju, Michael J. Ford, Harshad Ghodke, Antoine M. Van Oijen, Dayong Jin Jan 2018

Anisotropic Functionalization Of Upconversion Nanoparticles, Wei Ren, Shihui Wen, Sherif Tawfik, Qian Su, Gungun Lin, Lining Ju, Michael J. Ford, Harshad Ghodke, Antoine M. Van Oijen, Dayong Jin

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Despite significant advances toward accurate tuning of the size and shape of colloidal nanoparticles, the precise control of the surface chemistry thereof remains a grand challenge. It is desirable to conjugate functional bio-molecules onto the selected facets of nanoparticles owing to the versatile capabilities rendered by the molecules. We report here facet-selective conjugation of DNA molecules onto upconversion nanoparticles via ligand competition reaction. Different binding strengths of phosphodiester bonds and phosphate groups on DNA and the surfactant molecules al low one to create heterogeneous bio-chemistry surface for upconversion nanoparticles. The tailored surface properties lead to the formation of distinct self-assembly ...


Fine Particle Emissions From Tropical Peat Fires Decrease Rapidly With Time Since Ignition, Christopher Roulston, Clare Paton-Walsh, T E L Smith, Elise-Andree Guerette, S Evers, C Yule, G Rein, G R. Van Der Werf Jan 2018

Fine Particle Emissions From Tropical Peat Fires Decrease Rapidly With Time Since Ignition, Christopher Roulston, Clare Paton-Walsh, T E L Smith, Elise-Andree Guerette, S Evers, C Yule, G Rein, G R. Van Der Werf

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Southeast Asia experiences frequent fires in fuel-rich tropical peatlands, leading to extreme episodes of regional haze with high concentrations of fine particulate matter (PM 2.5 ) impacting human health. In a study published recently, the first field measurements of PM 2.5 emission factors for tropical peat fires showed larger emissions than from other fuel types. Here we report even higher PM 2.5 emission factors, measured at newly ignited peat fires in Malaysia, suggesting that current estimates of fine particulate emissions from peat fires may be underestimated by a factor of 3 or more. In addition, we use both ...


Positive Severity Feedback Between Consecutive Fires In Dry Eucalypt Forests Of Southern Australia, James Barker, Owen F. Price Jan 2018

Positive Severity Feedback Between Consecutive Fires In Dry Eucalypt Forests Of Southern Australia, James Barker, Owen F. Price

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Fire regimes have long-term effects on ecosystems which can be subtle, requiring study at a large spatial scale and temporal scale to fully appreciate. The way in which multiple fires interact to create a fire regime is poorly understood, and the relationship between the severities of consecutive fires has not been studied in Australia. By overlaying remotely sensed severity maps, our study investigated how the severity of a fire is influenced by previous fire severity. This was done by sampling points at 500-m spacing across 53 fires in dry eucalypt forests of southeast Australia, over a range of time since ...


Short-Term Response Of A Declining Woodland Bird Assemblage To The Removal Of A Despotic Competitor, Galen Davitt, Kimberly L. Maute, Richard E. Major, Paul Mcdonald, Martine Maron Jan 2018

Short-Term Response Of A Declining Woodland Bird Assemblage To The Removal Of A Despotic Competitor, Galen Davitt, Kimberly L. Maute, Richard E. Major, Paul Mcdonald, Martine Maron

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Interspecific aggression by the noisy miner (Manorina melanocephala), a highly despotic species, is homogenizing woodland avifaunas across eastern Australia. Although a native species, the noisy miner's aggressive exclusion of small birds is a Key Threatening Process under national law. Large-scale removal of noisy miners has been proposed as a management response to this threat following increases in miner presence due to anthropogenic land use practices. We tested this proposal by experimentally removing noisy miners from eucalypt woodland remnants (16-49 ha), assigned randomly as control (n = 12) or treatment (miner removal) sites (n = 12). Standardized bird surveys were conducted before ...


Effect Of Captivity On Morphology: Negligible Changes In External Morphology Mask Significant Changes In Internal Morphology, Stephanie Kirsten Courtney Jones, Adam J. Munn, Phillip G. Byrne Jan 2018

Effect Of Captivity On Morphology: Negligible Changes In External Morphology Mask Significant Changes In Internal Morphology, Stephanie Kirsten Courtney Jones, Adam J. Munn, Phillip G. Byrne

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Captive breeding programmes are increasingly relied upon for threatened species management. Changes in morphology can occur in captivity, often with unknown consequences for reintroductions. Few studies have examined the morphological changes that occur in captive animals compared with wild animals. Further, the effect of multiple generations being maintained in captivity, and the potential effects of captivity on sexual dimorphism remain poorly understood. We compared external and internal morphology of captive and wild animals using house mouse (Mus musculus) as a model species. In addition, we looked at morphology across two captive generations, and compared morphology between sexes. We found no ...


Long-Term Effect Of Prescribed Burning Regimes And Logging On Coarse Woody Debris In South-Eastern Australia, Mitchell G. Stares, Luke Collins, Bradley S. Law, Kris French Jan 2018

Long-Term Effect Of Prescribed Burning Regimes And Logging On Coarse Woody Debris In South-Eastern Australia, Mitchell G. Stares, Luke Collins, Bradley S. Law, Kris French

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Coarse woody debris (CWD) is vital within forest ecosystems for an array of fauna. Forest management practices, such as prescribed burning and logging, influence the creation or loss of CWD. We examined the effect of long-term prescribed burning and logging on (i) the abundance of hollow-bearing CWD, (ii) the volume of CWD in different decay classes, (iii) the probability of hollow presence, and (iv) the size of hollows at a long- term (28 years) experimental site. Volume of CWD in moderate and advanced stages of decomposition decreased with increasing fire frequency while moderately decomposed material was higher in logged plots ...


Packaging Data Analytical Work Reproducibly Using R (And Friends), Ben Marwick, Carl Boettiger, Lincoln Mullen Jan 2018

Packaging Data Analytical Work Reproducibly Using R (And Friends), Ben Marwick, Carl Boettiger, Lincoln Mullen

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Computers are a central tool in the research process, enabling complex and large-scale data analysis. As computer-based research has increased in c omplexity, so have the challenges of ensuring that this research is reproducible. To address this challenge, we review the concept of the research compendium as a solution for providing a standard and easily recognizable way for organizing the digital materials of a research project to enable other researchers to inspect, reproduce, and extend the research. We investigate how the structure and tooling of software packages of the R programming language are being used to produce research compendia in ...


High-Resolution Inversion Of Omi Formaldehyde Columns To Quantify Isoprene Emission On Ecosystem-Relevant Scales: Application To The Southeast Us, Jennifer Kaiser, Daniel J. Jacob, Lei Zhu, Katherine R. Travis, Jenny A. Fisher, Gonzalo Abad, Lin Zhang, Xuesong Zhang, Alan Fried, John D. Crounse, Jason M. St. Clair, Armin Wisthaler Jan 2018

High-Resolution Inversion Of Omi Formaldehyde Columns To Quantify Isoprene Emission On Ecosystem-Relevant Scales: Application To The Southeast Us, Jennifer Kaiser, Daniel J. Jacob, Lei Zhu, Katherine R. Travis, Jenny A. Fisher, Gonzalo Abad, Lin Zhang, Xuesong Zhang, Alan Fried, John D. Crounse, Jason M. St. Clair, Armin Wisthaler

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Isoprene emissions from vegetation have a large effect on atmospheric chemistry and air quality. "Bottom-up" isoprene emission inventories used in atmospheric models are based on limited vegetation information and uncertain land cover data, leading to potentially large errors. Satellite observations of atmospheric formaldehyde (HCHO), a high-yield isoprene oxidation product, provide "top-down" information to evaluate isoprene emission inventories through inverse analyses. Past inverse analyses have however been hampered by uncertainty in the HCHO satellite data, uncertainty in the time- and NOx-dependent yield of HCHO from isoprene oxidation, and coarse resolution of the atmospheric models used for the inversion. Here we demonstrate ...


An Evaluation Of The Nursing Care Of Renal Transplant Recipients: A Qualitative Study, Kylie Turner, Tania Burns, Shelley Tranter Jan 2018

An Evaluation Of The Nursing Care Of Renal Transplant Recipients: A Qualitative Study, Kylie Turner, Tania Burns, Shelley Tranter

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Due to the complexity of their medical management, renal transplant recipients are actively encouraged to self-manage their own medication regimens, diet and lifestyle modifications after transplant. Motivation for this study arose from comments made by hospitalised renal transplant recipients regarding aspects of their clinical care that were not given high priority by the ward nurses. The aim of this study was to investigate renal transplant recipients' experience of the care they received while they were inpatients on the renal ward. In this qualitative study the stories of 12 renal transplant recipients were used to evaluate how they felt about their ...


Characteristics Of Greenhouse Gas Concentrations Derived From Ground-Based Fts Spectra At Anmyeondo, South Korea, Young-Suk Oh, Samuel Takele Kenea, Tae-Young Goo, Kyu-Sun Chung, Jae-Sang Rhee, Mi-Lim Ou, Young-Hwa Byun, Paul O. Wennberg, Matthaus Kiel, Joshua P. Digangi, G S. Diskin, Voltaire A. Velazco, David W. T Griffith Jan 2018

Characteristics Of Greenhouse Gas Concentrations Derived From Ground-Based Fts Spectra At Anmyeondo, South Korea, Young-Suk Oh, Samuel Takele Kenea, Tae-Young Goo, Kyu-Sun Chung, Jae-Sang Rhee, Mi-Lim Ou, Young-Hwa Byun, Paul O. Wennberg, Matthaus Kiel, Joshua P. Digangi, G S. Diskin, Voltaire A. Velazco, David W. T Griffith

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Since the late 1990s, the meteorological observatory established in Anmyeondo (36.5382° N, 126.3311° E, and 30 m above mean sea level) has been monitoring several greenhouse gases such as CO2, CH4, N2O, CFCs, and SF6 as a part of the Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) Program. A high resolution ground-based (g-b) Fourier transform spectrometer (FTS) was installed at this observation site in 2013 and has been operated within the frame work of the Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON) since August 2014. The solar spectra recorded by the g-b FTS cover the spectral range ...


A Reassessment Of The Early Archaeological Record At Leang Burung 2, A Late Pleistocene Rock-Shelter Site On The Indonesian Island Of Sulawesi, Adam R. Brumm, Budianto Hakim, Muhammad Ramli, Maxime Aubert, Gerrit D. Van Den Bergh, Bo Li, Basran Burhan, Andi Saiful, Linda Siagian, Ratno Sardi, Andi Jusdi, - Abdullah, Andi Pampang Mubarak, Mark W. Moore, Richard G. Roberts, J -X Zhao, David Mcgahan, Brian G. Jones, Yinika Perston, Katherine A. Szabo, M. Irfan Mahmud, Kira E. Westaway, Jatmiko Jatmiko, E Wahyu Saptomo, Sander Van Der Kaars, Rainer Grün, Rachel Wood, John R. Dodson, Michael J. Morwood Jan 2018

A Reassessment Of The Early Archaeological Record At Leang Burung 2, A Late Pleistocene Rock-Shelter Site On The Indonesian Island Of Sulawesi, Adam R. Brumm, Budianto Hakim, Muhammad Ramli, Maxime Aubert, Gerrit D. Van Den Bergh, Bo Li, Basran Burhan, Andi Saiful, Linda Siagian, Ratno Sardi, Andi Jusdi, - Abdullah, Andi Pampang Mubarak, Mark W. Moore, Richard G. Roberts, J -X Zhao, David Mcgahan, Brian G. Jones, Yinika Perston, Katherine A. Szabo, M. Irfan Mahmud, Kira E. Westaway, Jatmiko Jatmiko, E Wahyu Saptomo, Sander Van Der Kaars, Rainer Grün, Rachel Wood, John R. Dodson, Michael J. Morwood

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

This paper presents a reassessment of the archaeological record at Leang Burung 2, a key early human occupation site in the Late Pleistocene of Southeast Asia. Excavated originally by Ian Glover in 1975, this limestone rock-shelter in the Maros karsts of Sulawesi, Indonesia, has long held significance in our understanding of early human dispersals into 'Wallacea', the vast zone of oceanic islands between continental Asia and Australia. We present new stratigraphic information and dating evidence from Leang Burung 2 collected during the course of our excavations at this site in 2007 and 2011-13. Our findings suggest that the classic Late ...


Tracking The 10be-26al Source-Area Signal In Sediment-Routing Systems Of Arid Central Australia, Martin Struck, John D. Jansen, Toshiyuki Fujioka, Alexandru Tiberiu Codilean, David Fink, Reka H. Fulop, Klaus M. Wilcken, David M. Price, Steven Kotevski, L Keith Fifield, John Chappell Jan 2018

Tracking The 10be-26al Source-Area Signal In Sediment-Routing Systems Of Arid Central Australia, Martin Struck, John D. Jansen, Toshiyuki Fujioka, Alexandru Tiberiu Codilean, David Fink, Reka H. Fulop, Klaus M. Wilcken, David M. Price, Steven Kotevski, L Keith Fifield, John Chappell

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Sediment-routing systems continuously transfer information and mass from eroding source areas to depositional sinks. Understanding how these systems alter environmental signals is critical when it comes to inferring source-area properties from the sedimentary record. We measure cosmogenic 10Be and 26Al along three large sediment-routing systems ( ∼  100 000 km2) in central Australia with the aim of tracking downstream variations in 10Be-26Al inventories and identifying the factors responsible for these variations. By comparing 56 new cosmogenic 10Be and 26Al measurements in stream sediments with matching data (n =  55) from source areas, we show that 10Be-26Al inventories in hillslope bedrock and soils set ...


Rain Drives Foraging Decisions Of An Urban Exploiter, Matthew Chard, Kris French, John Martin, Richard E. Major Jan 2018

Rain Drives Foraging Decisions Of An Urban Exploiter, Matthew Chard, Kris French, John Martin, Richard E. Major

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Foraging decisions tend to drive individuals toward maximising energetic gains within a patchy environment. This study aims to determine the extent to which rainfall, and associated changes in food availability, can explain foraging decisions within a patchy urbanised landscape, using the Australian white ibis as a model species. Ibis density, food consumption rates and food abundance (both natural and anthropogenic) were recorded during dry and wet weather within urban parks in Sydney, Australia. Rainfall influenced ibis density in these urban parks. Of the four parks assessed, the site with the highest level of anthropogenic food and the lowest abundance of ...


Contrary To Common Belief, Some Forests Get More Fire-Resistant With Age, Philip J. Zylstra Jan 2018

Contrary To Common Belief, Some Forests Get More Fire-Resistant With Age, Philip J. Zylstra

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

An out-of-season bushfire raged through Sydney's southwest at the weekend, burning more than 2,400 hectares and threatening homes. As the fire season extends and heatwaves become more frequent, it's vital to preserve our natural protections. My research, recently released in the journal Austral Ecology, contradict one of the central assumptions in Australian fire management - that forest accumulate fuel over time and become increasingly flammable.


Demographic Predictors Of Emotional Intelligence Among Radiation Therapists, Stamatia Trakis, Ritin S. Fernandez, Dominique R. Parrish Jan 2018

Demographic Predictors Of Emotional Intelligence Among Radiation Therapists, Stamatia Trakis, Ritin S. Fernandez, Dominique R. Parrish

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Introduction: Contemporary health care services are more productive and successful when their health professionals have emotional intelligence (EI). The objective of this study was to explore the demographic predictors of EI among radiation therapists working in cancer care centres in NSW, Australia.

Methods: Data were collected using a cross-sectional self-administered survey. Emotional intelligence was measured using the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire- Short version (TEIQue - SF). Multiple regression analysis was used to identify if age, years of experience, gender, highest level of education obtained or level of current employment were predictors of EI.

Results: A total of 205 radiation therapists participated ...


The Effectiveness Of Support Groups: A Literature Review, Hugh Worrall, Richard Schweizer, Ellen Marks, Lin Yuan, Chris Lloyd, Rob Ramjan Jan 2018

The Effectiveness Of Support Groups: A Literature Review, Hugh Worrall, Richard Schweizer, Ellen Marks, Lin Yuan, Chris Lloyd, Rob Ramjan

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Purpose: Support groups are a common feature of the mental health support engaged by carers and consumers. The purpose of this paper is to update and consolidate the knowledge and the evidence for the effectiveness of mental health support groups.

Design/methodology/approach: This paper is based on a systematic literature review of relevant databases around support groups for mental health. Support groups are defined as meetings of people with similar experiences, such as those defined as carers of a person living with a mental illness or a person living with a mental illness. These meetings aim to provide support ...


Making Nursing Matter - Using Actionable Data To Improve Patient Outcomes, Jenny Sim Jan 2018

Making Nursing Matter - Using Actionable Data To Improve Patient Outcomes, Jenny Sim

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

This presentation will describe the development of the Australian Nursing Outcomes Collaborative (AUSNOC). AUSNOC is a data registry and implementation science centre that assists health care organisations to measure the quality and safety of nursing care with the aim of improving patient outcomes. The indicator set is founded upon a conceptual framework that explores nursing care using the following constructs: Care and Caring; Communication; Coordination & Collaboration; and Safety. Data collected includes administrative data, adverse events (falls, pressure injuries, medication errors, staphylococcus blood stream infections), observational studies of processes of care and the use of three periodic surveys that use validated tools ...


The Role Of Naloxone In The Opioid Crisis, Jody Morgan, Alison L. Jones Jan 2018

The Role Of Naloxone In The Opioid Crisis, Jody Morgan, Alison L. Jones

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Overdose due to opioid abuse is an ever increasing problem, especially in the United States, with the last few years seeing a dramatic rise in the number of synthetic opioid-related deaths. The pure opioid antagonist naloxone has been used in a clinical setting as an antidote to opioid overdose for decades. Recent data suggest that the number of patients requiring multiple doses of naloxone is growing likely caused by the increased number of intoxications with potent synthetic opioids such as fentanyl and its derivatives. Treating clinicians in both emergency departments and pre-hospital settings should be aware that they may need ...


Technical Note: Open-Paleo-Data Implementation Pilot - The Pages 2k Special Issue, Darrell S. Kaufman, Nerilie J. Abram, Michael N. Evans, Pierre Francus, Hugues Goosse, Hans W. Linderholm, Marie-France Loutre, Belen Martrat, Helen V. Mcgregor, Raphael Neukom, Scott St George, Christian Turney, Lucien Von Gunten Jan 2018

Technical Note: Open-Paleo-Data Implementation Pilot - The Pages 2k Special Issue, Darrell S. Kaufman, Nerilie J. Abram, Michael N. Evans, Pierre Francus, Hugues Goosse, Hans W. Linderholm, Marie-France Loutre, Belen Martrat, Helen V. Mcgregor, Raphael Neukom, Scott St George, Christian Turney, Lucien Von Gunten

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Data stewardship is an essential element of the publication process. Knowing how to enact data polices that are described only in general terms can be difficult, however. Examples are needed to model the implementation of open-data polices in actual studies. Here we explain the procedure used to attain a high and consistent level of data stewardship across a special issue of the journal Climate of the Past. We discuss the challenges related to (1) determining which data are essential for public archival, (2) using data generated by others, and (3) understanding data citations. We anticipate that open-data sharing in paleo ...


Lajishankou Ophiolite Complex: Implications For Paleozoic Multiple Accretionary And Collisional Events In The South Qilian Belt, Changlei Fu, Zhen Yan, Zongqi Wang, Solomon Buckman, Jonathan C. Aitchison, Manlan Niu, Bo Cao, Xianqing Guo, Xiucai Li, Yunshuai Li, Jiliang Li Jan 2018

Lajishankou Ophiolite Complex: Implications For Paleozoic Multiple Accretionary And Collisional Events In The South Qilian Belt, Changlei Fu, Zhen Yan, Zongqi Wang, Solomon Buckman, Jonathan C. Aitchison, Manlan Niu, Bo Cao, Xianqing Guo, Xiucai Li, Yunshuai Li, Jiliang Li

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

The Lajishan ophiolite complex in the Qilian Orogen is one of several ophiolites situated between the Qaidam and North China blocks that record episodic closure of the Proto-Tethyan Ocean. Detailed field relations and geochemical and geochronological studies are critical to unraveling the tectonic processes responsible for an extensive period of intraoceanic subduction that produced juvenile ophiolite/island arc terranes, which were obducted onto continental margins during ocean closure. The Lajishankou ophiolite complex crops out along the northern margin of the South Qilian belt and was thrust over a Neoproterozoic-Ordovician passive margin sequence that was deposited upon the Proterozoic Central Qilian ...


How A Trip To Antarctica Became A Real-Life Experiment In Decision-Making, Sarah Hamylton, Rachelle Balez Jan 2018

How A Trip To Antarctica Became A Real-Life Experiment In Decision-Making, Sarah Hamylton, Rachelle Balez

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

We were part of a group of 77 women travelling by ship to an Antarctic research station when our route was blocked by icebergs. We had to make a decision. Should we detour into rough open ocean to reach the target site, or abandon plans to visit Rothera Research Station and settle instead for a few days of exploring Antarctica's calmer, protected waters? This is the story of "Rothera-gate", a leadership development experience on the largest all-female expedition to Antarctica. The 2018 expedition was the culmination of a year-long strategic leadership initiative for women scientists called Homeward Bound. Men ...


A Systematic Review Of Chronic Disease Management Interventions In Primary Care, Rebecca Reynolds, Sarah May Dennis, Iqbal Hasan, Jan Slewa, Winnie Chen, David Tian, Sangeetha Bobba, Nicholas Arnold Zwar Jan 2018

A Systematic Review Of Chronic Disease Management Interventions In Primary Care, Rebecca Reynolds, Sarah May Dennis, Iqbal Hasan, Jan Slewa, Winnie Chen, David Tian, Sangeetha Bobba, Nicholas Arnold Zwar

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Background: Primary and community care are key settings for the effective management of long term conditions. We aimed to evaluate the pattern of health outcomes in chronic disease management interventions for adults with physical health problems implemented in primary or community care settings. Methods: The methods were based on our previous review published in 2006. We performed database searches for articles published from 2006 to 2014 and conducted a systematic review with narrative synthesis using the Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care taxonomy to classify interventions and outcomes. The interventions were mapped to Chronic Care Model elements. The pattern ...


Enhancing The Defensibility Of Examiners' Marks In High Stake Osces, Boaz Shulruf, Arvin Damodaran, Philip Jones, Sean Kennedy, George Mangos, Anthony J. O'Sullivan, Joel J. Rhee, Silas Taylor, Gary Velan, Peter Harris Jan 2018

Enhancing The Defensibility Of Examiners' Marks In High Stake Osces, Boaz Shulruf, Arvin Damodaran, Philip Jones, Sean Kennedy, George Mangos, Anthony J. O'Sullivan, Joel J. Rhee, Silas Taylor, Gary Velan, Peter Harris

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Background: Most assessments in health professions education consist of knowledge-based examinations as well as practical and clinical examinations. Among the most challenging aspects of clinical assessments is decision making related to borderline grades assigned by examiners. Borderline grades are commonly used by examiners when they do not have sufficient information to make clear pass/fail decisions. The interpretation of these borderline grades is rarely discussed in the literature. This study reports the application of the Objective Borderline Method (version 2, henceforth: OBM2) to a high stakes Objective Structured Clinical Examination undertaken at the end of the final year of a ...


Are Underground Coal Miners Satisfied With Their Work Boots?, Jessica Dobson, Diane L. Riddiford-Harland, Alison F. Bell, Julie R. Steele Jan 2018

Are Underground Coal Miners Satisfied With Their Work Boots?, Jessica Dobson, Diane L. Riddiford-Harland, Alison F. Bell, Julie R. Steele

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Dissatisfaction with work boot design is common in the mining industry. Many underground coal miners believe their work boots contribute to the high incidence of lower limb injuries they experience. Despite this, the most recent research to examine underground coal mining work boot satisfaction was conducted over a decade ago. This present study aimed to address this gap in the literature by assessing current mining work boot satisfaction in relation to the work-related requirements for underground coal mining. 358 underground coal miners (355 men; mean age = 39.1 ± 10.7 years) completed a 54-question survey regarding their job details, work ...


Experiences Of Registered Nurses Transitioning From Employment In Acute Care To Primary Health Care - Quantitative Findings From A Mixed-Methods Study, Christine Ashley, Elizabeth J. Halcomb, Angela M. Brown, Kathleen Peters Jan 2018

Experiences Of Registered Nurses Transitioning From Employment In Acute Care To Primary Health Care - Quantitative Findings From A Mixed-Methods Study, Christine Ashley, Elizabeth J. Halcomb, Angela M. Brown, Kathleen Peters

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Aims and objectives: To describe the experiences of registered nurses who transition from acute to primary health care (PHC) employment.

Background: Internationally the provision of health care in PHC settings is increasing. Nurses are moving from acute care employment to meet the growing demand for a PHC workforce. However, little is known about the transition experiences of these nurses.

Design: A sequential mixed-methods study comprising a survey, and semi-structured interviews. This study reports on survey findings relating to the transition experience.

Methods: Convenience and snowballing techniques were used to recruit 111 registered nurses who had transitioned from Australian acute settings ...