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A Mediterranean-Style Dietary Intervention Supplemented With Fish Oil Improves Diet Quality And Mental Health In People With Depression: A Randomized Controlled Trial (Helfimed), Natalie Parletta, Dorota M. Zarnowiecki, Jihyun Cho, Amy Wilson, Svetlana Bogomolova, Anthony Villani, Catherine Itsiopoulos, Theo Niyonsenga, Sarah Blunden, Barbara J. Meyer, Leonie Segal, Bernhard Baune, Kerin O'Dea Jan 2019

A Mediterranean-Style Dietary Intervention Supplemented With Fish Oil Improves Diet Quality And Mental Health In People With Depression: A Randomized Controlled Trial (Helfimed), Natalie Parletta, Dorota M. Zarnowiecki, Jihyun Cho, Amy Wilson, Svetlana Bogomolova, Anthony Villani, Catherine Itsiopoulos, Theo Niyonsenga, Sarah Blunden, Barbara J. Meyer, Leonie Segal, Bernhard Baune, Kerin O'Dea

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Objectives: We investigated whether a Mediterranean-style diet (MedDiet) supplemented with fish oil can improve mental health in adults suffering depression. Methods: Adults with self-reported depression were randomized to receive fortnightly food hampers and MedDiet cooking workshops for 3 months and fish oil supplements for 6 months, or attend social groups fortnightly for 3 months. Assessments at baseline, 3 and 6 months included mental health, quality of life (QoL) and dietary questionnaires, and blood samples for erythrocyte fatty acid analysis. Results: n = 152 eligible adults aged 18-65 were recruited (n = 95 completed 3-month and n = 85 completed 6-month assessments). At 3 ...


Cross-Sectional Study Of Area-Level Disadvantage And Glycaemic-Related Risk In Community Health Service Users In The Southern.Iml Research (Simlr) Cohort, Roger Cross, Andrew D. Bonney, Darren J. Mayne, Kathryn M. Weston Jan 2019

Cross-Sectional Study Of Area-Level Disadvantage And Glycaemic-Related Risk In Community Health Service Users In The Southern.Iml Research (Simlr) Cohort, Roger Cross, Andrew D. Bonney, Darren J. Mayne, Kathryn M. Weston

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Objectives. The aim of the present study was to determine the association between area-level socioeconomic disadvantage and glycaemic-related risk in health service users in the Illawarra-Shoalhaven region of New South Wales, Australia. Methods. HbA1c values recorded between 2010 and 2012 for non-pregnant individuals aged 18 years were extracted from the Southern.IML Research (SIMLR) database. Individuals were assigned quintiles of the Socioeconomic Indices for Australia (SEIFA) Index of Relative Socioeconomic Disadvantage (IRSD) according to their Statistical Area 1 of residence. Glycaemic risk categories were defined as HbA1c 5.0-5.99% (lowest risk), 6.0-7.49% (intermediate risk) and 7.5 ...


Dietary Flavonoid Intake In Older Adults: How Many Days Of Dietary Assessment Are Required And What Is The Impact Of Seasonality?, Katherine Caldwell, Karen E. Charlton, Simone Lee, Jonathon Mond, Joanna Russell, Paul Mitchell, Victoria M. Flood Jan 2018

Dietary Flavonoid Intake In Older Adults: How Many Days Of Dietary Assessment Are Required And What Is The Impact Of Seasonality?, Katherine Caldwell, Karen E. Charlton, Simone Lee, Jonathon Mond, Joanna Russell, Paul Mitchell, Victoria M. Flood

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Background: Within- and between-person variation in nutrient intake is well established, but little is known about variability in dietary flavonoid intake, including the effect of seasonality. Methods: Within- and between-individual variability of flavonoid intake, and intake of flavonoid subclasses was examined in older adults (n = 79; mean age 70.1 y (range: 60y-80y)), using three separate 4-day weighed food records (WFR) collected approximately 4 months apart. The effects of seasonality were also examined. Mixed-effects linear regression models were used to estimate within- and between-individual variance components for flavonoids and subclasses. The number of days of dietary assessment required for a ...


Investigating Compound Flooding In An Estuary Using Hydrodynamic Modelling: A Case Study From The Shoalhaven River, Australia, Kristian Kumbier, Rafael Cabral Carvalho, Athanasios T. Vafeidis, Colin D. Woodroffe Jan 2018

Investigating Compound Flooding In An Estuary Using Hydrodynamic Modelling: A Case Study From The Shoalhaven River, Australia, Kristian Kumbier, Rafael Cabral Carvalho, Athanasios T. Vafeidis, Colin D. Woodroffe

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Many previous modelling studies have considered storm-tide and riverine flooding independently, even though joint-probability analysis highlighted significant dependence between extreme rainfall and extreme storm surges in estuarine environments. This study investigates compound flooding by quantifying horizontal and vertical differences in coastal flood risk estimates resulting from a separation of storm-tide and riverine flooding processes. We used an open-source version of the Delft3D model to simulate flood extent and inundation depth due to a storm event that occurred in June 2016 in the Shoalhaven Estuary, south-eastern Australia. Time series of observed water levels and discharge measurements are used to force model ...


National Sediment Compartment Framework For Australian Coastal Management, Bruce G. Thom, I G Eliot, M Eliot, Nicholas Harvey, David Rissik, Chris Sharples, Andrew D. Short, Colin D. Woodroffe Jan 2018

National Sediment Compartment Framework For Australian Coastal Management, Bruce G. Thom, I G Eliot, M Eliot, Nicholas Harvey, David Rissik, Chris Sharples, Andrew D. Short, Colin D. Woodroffe

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

The concept of coastal sediment compartments was first used in the 1960s in the United States. It has since been recognised as appropriate for defining sections of the Australian coast, but had not been uniformly adopted around the nation in the way that has underpinned management, as in other countries. In 2012, the Australian Government supported a project to better understand coastal sediment dynamics using the sediment compartment approach as a framework within which to consider future shoreline behaviour and the impacts of climate change, including rising sea level, changing wave climates and sediment budgets. This paper outlines the sediment ...


Finding A Space For Women: The British Medical Association And Women Doctors In Australia, 1880-1939, Louella R. Mccarthy Jan 2018

Finding A Space For Women: The British Medical Association And Women Doctors In Australia, 1880-1939, Louella R. Mccarthy

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

This paper examines the experiences of women in one professional organisation - the British Medical Association in Australia - during a significant period in the development of such bodies. In doing so it offers an opportunity to consider the relationship between professional societies and the construction of a gendered profession. For the medical profession in particular the time-frame of this study, from the 1880s to the 1930s, has been regarded by scholars as especially important. In this period various features of medical professionalism came to prominence: the status and authority of doctors, the processes of formally registering medical credentials, and the scope ...


Patterns Of Signs That Telephone Crisis Support Workers Associate With Suicide Risk In Telephone Crisis Line Callers, Tara Hunt, Coralie J. Wilson, Peter Caputi, Ian G. Wilson, Alan Woodward Jan 2018

Patterns Of Signs That Telephone Crisis Support Workers Associate With Suicide Risk In Telephone Crisis Line Callers, Tara Hunt, Coralie J. Wilson, Peter Caputi, Ian G. Wilson, Alan Woodward

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Signs of suicide are commonly used in suicide intervention training to assist the identification of those at imminent risk for suicide. Signs of suicide may be particularly important to telephone crisis-line workers (TCWs), who have little background information to identify the presence of suicidality if the caller is unable or unwilling to express suicidal intent. Although signs of suicide are argued to be only meaningful as a pattern, there is a paucity of research that has examined whether TCWs use patterns of signs to decide whether a caller might be suicidal, and whether these are influenced by caller characteristics such ...


Pre-Conception Maternal Erythrocyte Saturated To Unsaturated Fatty Acid Ratio Predicts Pregnancy After Natural Cycle Frozen Embryo Transfer, Christopher C. Onyiaodike, Heather Murray, Ruiqi Zhang, Barbara J. Meyer, Fiona Jordan, Elizabeth A. Brown, Robert Jb Nibbs, Helen Lyall, Naveed Sattar, Scott M. Nelson, Dilys J. Freeman Jan 2018

Pre-Conception Maternal Erythrocyte Saturated To Unsaturated Fatty Acid Ratio Predicts Pregnancy After Natural Cycle Frozen Embryo Transfer, Christopher C. Onyiaodike, Heather Murray, Ruiqi Zhang, Barbara J. Meyer, Fiona Jordan, Elizabeth A. Brown, Robert Jb Nibbs, Helen Lyall, Naveed Sattar, Scott M. Nelson, Dilys J. Freeman

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

The environment for embryo implantation and fetal growth and development is affected by matern al nutritional, metabolic and health status. The aim of this prospective, cohort study was to test whether plasma metabolic and inflammatory biomarkers can predict pregnancy resulting from in vitro fertilisation (IVF). Women with a natural menstrual cycle undergoing frozen embryo transfer (FET) were recruited and fasting baseline blood samples were collected a mean of 3.4 days prior to the luteinising hormone (LH) surge and a non-fasting blood sample was taken on the day of FET. Ongoing pregnancy was defined by positive fetal heartbeat on ultrasound ...


Healthiness Of Food And Beverages For Sale At Two Public Hospitals In New South Wales, Australia, Carrie Tsai, Erika Svensen, Victoria M. Flood, Yasmine Probst, Kathryn Reilly, Stephen Corbett, Jason H. Y Wu Jan 2018

Healthiness Of Food And Beverages For Sale At Two Public Hospitals In New South Wales, Australia, Carrie Tsai, Erika Svensen, Victoria M. Flood, Yasmine Probst, Kathryn Reilly, Stephen Corbett, Jason H. Y Wu

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

(1) Background: Our aim was to conduct objective, baseline food environment audits of two major western Sydney public hospitals and compare them to recently revised state nutritional guidelines.

(2) Methods: A cross-sectional assessment was conducted (June-July2017) across 14 fixed food outlets and 70 vending machines in two hospitals using an audit tool designed to assess the guideline's key food environment parameters of availability, placement, and promotion of 'Everyday' (healthy) and 'Occasional' (less healthy) products.

(3) Results: Availability: Overall, Everyday products made up 51% and 44% of all products available at the two hospitals. Only 1/14(7%) fixed outlets ...


Employment Conditions Of Australian Primary Health Care Nurses, Elizabeth J. Halcomb, Christine Ashley, Sharon James, Elizabeth A. Smyth Jan 2018

Employment Conditions Of Australian Primary Health Care Nurses, Elizabeth J. Halcomb, Christine Ashley, Sharon James, Elizabeth A. Smyth

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Background: The primary health care (PHC) nursing workforce is growing to meet the demand for community based health services. To facilitate the recruitment and retention of nurses in PHC settings it is important that positive employment conditions exist.

Aim: To explore the employment characteristics ofAustralian PHC nurses, including employment patterns and remuneration considerations.

Methods: A descriptive survey of Australian PHC nurses was conducted during 2015 as part of a larger mixed methods study. This paper reports the survey findings relating to employment patterns, conditions and remuneration.

Findings: One thousand one hundred sixty six nurses responded to the survey, most respondents ...


Positive Ageing On Our Mind - An Initiative Called Afia (Age Friendly Illawarra Alliance), Lorna Moxham Jan 2018

Positive Ageing On Our Mind - An Initiative Called Afia (Age Friendly Illawarra Alliance), Lorna Moxham

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Ageing is everyone's business, after all, none of us are getting younger. This assertion is reflected in the nursing workforce with the Department of Health telling us that the overall ageing workforce is reflected in both the increasing average age of nurses from 44.3 years in 2009 to 44.6 years in 2012 and the increasing percentage of those aged 55 years and over from 19.8% in 2009 to 23.1% in 2012.


Work Satisfaction And Future Career Intentions Of Experienced Nurses Transitioning To Primary Health Care Employment, Christine Ashley, Kathleen Peters, Angela M. Brown, Elizabeth J. Halcomb Jan 2018

Work Satisfaction And Future Career Intentions Of Experienced Nurses Transitioning To Primary Health Care Employment, Christine Ashley, Kathleen Peters, Angela M. Brown, Elizabeth J. Halcomb

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Aim: To explore registered nurses' reflections on transitioning from acute to primary health care employment, and future career intentions.

Background: Reforms in primary health care have resulted in increasing demands for a skilled primary health care nursing workforce. To meet shortfalls, acute care nurses are being recruited to primary health care employment, yet little is known about levels of satisfaction and future career intentions.

Method: A sequential mixed methods study consisting of a survey and semi-structured interviews with nurses who transition to primary health care.

Results: Most reported positive experiences, valuing work/life balance, role diversity and patient/family interactions ...


A Reassessment Of Mycophenolic Acid As A Lead Compound For The Development Of Inhibitors Of Chikungunya Virus Replication, Adel Rashad, Johan Neyts, Pieter Leyssen, Paul A. Keller Jan 2018

A Reassessment Of Mycophenolic Acid As A Lead Compound For The Development Of Inhibitors Of Chikungunya Virus Replication, Adel Rashad, Johan Neyts, Pieter Leyssen, Paul A. Keller

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Mycophenolic acid (MPA) has been previously reported as an inhibitor of the chikugunya virus (CHIKV) with an EC50 value of 0.2 μM. We used MPA as a lead compound designing and synthesizing a series of isatins and benzolactones in a typical medicinal chemistry program. The synthesis and testing of 19 derivatives produced compounds with no desired activity which prompted us to retest the lead compound, MPA. We can reveal that MPA shows no anti-CHIKV activity and therefore needs to be reassessed as a lead compound for this target.


Low Intensity Blood Parasite Infections Do Not Reduce The Aerobic Performance Of Migratory Birds, Steffen Hahn, Silke Bauer, Dimitar Dimitrov, Tamara Emmenegger, Karina Ivanova, Pavel Zehtindjiev, William A. Buttemer Jan 2018

Low Intensity Blood Parasite Infections Do Not Reduce The Aerobic Performance Of Migratory Birds, Steffen Hahn, Silke Bauer, Dimitar Dimitrov, Tamara Emmenegger, Karina Ivanova, Pavel Zehtindjiev, William A. Buttemer

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Blood parasites (Haemosporidia) are thought to impair the flight performance of infected animals, and therefore, infected birds are expected to differ from their non-infected counterparts in migratory capacity. Since haemosporidians invade host erythrocytes, it is commonly assumed that infected individuals will have compromised aerobic capacity, but this has not been examined in free-living birds. We tested if haemosporidian infections affect aerobic performance by examining metabolic rates and exercise endurance in migratory great reed warblers (Acrocephalus arundinaceus) experimentally treated with Plasmodium relictum pGRW04 and in naturally infected wild birds over consecutive life-history stages. We found no effect of acute or chronic ...


Comparative Copper Sensitivity Between Life Stages Of Common Subantarctic Marine Invertebrates, Jessica Holan, Catherine K. King, Andrew R. Davis Jan 2018

Comparative Copper Sensitivity Between Life Stages Of Common Subantarctic Marine Invertebrates, Jessica Holan, Catherine K. King, Andrew R. Davis

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

The development of environmental guidelines in the Antarctic and subantarctic is essential, because expansion of research, tourism, and fishing is placing these regions at increasing risk of contamination. Data are currently insufficient to create the region-specific guidelines needed for the unique conditions in these areas. To develop the most appropriate environmental guidelines, data from the most sensitive life stages of a species should be included to ensure effective protection throughout its life cycle. It is generally accepted that early life stages are more sensitive to contaminants. We compared the toxicity of copper between juvenile and adult life stages of 4 ...


The Ginninderra Ch4 And Co2 Release Experiment: An Evaluation Of Gas Detection And Quantification Techniques, Andrew Feitz, Ivan Schroder, Frances A. Phillips, Trevor Coates, Karita Neghandhi, Stuart Day, Ashok Luhar, Sangeeta Bhatia, Grant Edwards, Stefan Hrabar, Emili Hernandez, Brett Wood, Travis A. Naylor, Martin J. Kennedy, Murray Hamilton, Mike Hatch, John Malos, Mark Kochanek, Peter E. Reid, Joel Wilson, Nicholas M. Deutscher, Steve Zegelin, Robert Vincent, Stephen White, Cindy Ong, Suman George, Peter Maas, Sean Towner, Nicholas Wokker, David W. T Griffith Jan 2018

The Ginninderra Ch4 And Co2 Release Experiment: An Evaluation Of Gas Detection And Quantification Techniques, Andrew Feitz, Ivan Schroder, Frances A. Phillips, Trevor Coates, Karita Neghandhi, Stuart Day, Ashok Luhar, Sangeeta Bhatia, Grant Edwards, Stefan Hrabar, Emili Hernandez, Brett Wood, Travis A. Naylor, Martin J. Kennedy, Murray Hamilton, Mike Hatch, John Malos, Mark Kochanek, Peter E. Reid, Joel Wilson, Nicholas M. Deutscher, Steve Zegelin, Robert Vincent, Stephen White, Cindy Ong, Suman George, Peter Maas, Sean Towner, Nicholas Wokker, David W. T Griffith

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

A methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) release experiment was held from April to June 2015 at the Ginninderra Controlled Release Facility in Canberra, Australia. The experiment provided an opportunity to compare different emission quantification techniques against a simulated CH4 and CO2 point source release, where the actual release rates were unknown to the participants. Eight quantification techniques were assessed: three tracer ratio techniques (two mobile); backwards Lagrangian stochastic modelling; forwards Lagrangian stochastic modelling; Lagrangian stochastic (LS) footprint modelling; atmospheric tomography using point and using integrated line sensors. The majority of CH4 estimates were within ...


Aerosol Optical Properties And Trace Gas Emissions By Pax And Op-Ftir For Laboratory-Simulated Western Us Wildfires During Firex, Vanessa Selimovic, R Yokelson, Carsten Warneke, J M. Roberts, Joost A. De Gouw, J Reardon, David W. T Griffith Jan 2018

Aerosol Optical Properties And Trace Gas Emissions By Pax And Op-Ftir For Laboratory-Simulated Western Us Wildfires During Firex, Vanessa Selimovic, R Yokelson, Carsten Warneke, J M. Roberts, Joost A. De Gouw, J Reardon, David W. T Griffith

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Western wildfires have a major impact on air quality in the US. In the fall of 2016, 107 test fires were burned in the large-scale combustion facility at the US Forest Service Missoula Fire Sciences Laboratory as part of the Fire Influence on Regional and Global Environments Experiment (FIREX). Canopy, litter, duff, dead wood, and other fuel components were burned in combinations that represented realistic fuel complexes for several important western US coniferous and chaparral ecosystems including ponderosa pine, Douglas fir, Engelmann spruce, lodgepole pine, subalpine fir, chamise, and manzanita. In addition, dung, Indonesian peat, and individual coniferous ecosystem fuel ...


Emissions Of Trace Gases From Australian Temperate Forest Fires: Emission Factors And Dependence On Modified Combustion Efficiency, Elise-Andree Guerette, Clare Paton-Walsh, Maximilien Desservettaz, T E L Smith, Liubov Volkova, Christopher Weston, C P Meyer Jan 2018

Emissions Of Trace Gases From Australian Temperate Forest Fires: Emission Factors And Dependence On Modified Combustion Efficiency, Elise-Andree Guerette, Clare Paton-Walsh, Maximilien Desservettaz, T E L Smith, Liubov Volkova, Christopher Weston, C P Meyer

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

We characterised trace gas emissions from Australian temperate forest fires through a mixture of open-path Fourier transform infrared (OP-FTIR) measurements and selective ion flow tube mass spectrometry (SIFT-MS) and White cell FTIR analysis of grab samples. We report emission factors for a total of 25 trace gas species measured in smoke from nine prescribed fires. We find significant dependence on modified combustion efficiency (MCE) for some species, although regional differences indicate that the use of MCE as a proxy may be limited. We also find that the fire-integrated MCE values derived from our in situ on-the-ground open-path measurements are not ...


Students Use Of Exemplars To Support Academic Writing In Higher Education: An Integrative Review, Rebekah B. Carter, Yenna Salamonson, Lucie Ramjan, Elizabeth J. Halcomb Jan 2018

Students Use Of Exemplars To Support Academic Writing In Higher Education: An Integrative Review, Rebekah B. Carter, Yenna Salamonson, Lucie Ramjan, Elizabeth J. Halcomb

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Background: Timely and meaningful feedback is essential to promote active learning and student engagement with learning. However, achieving this remains elusive, particularly in undergraduate nursing programs that admit large student cohorts. One strategy to provide meaningful en masse feedback is to provide feed-forward support by using exemplars. To date, there has been limited evaluation of the effectiveness of this feedback strategy.

Objective: To review the impact of using exemplars as a feedback strategy to support student academic writing in higher education.

Data Sources and Review Method: A systematic search of electronic databases for original research papers published between 2000 and ...


Communicating A Diagnosis Of Dementia: A Systematic Mixed Studies Review Of Attitudes And Practices Of Health Practitioners, Lee-Fay Low, Margaret Mcgrath, Kate Swaffer, Henry Brodaty Jan 2018

Communicating A Diagnosis Of Dementia: A Systematic Mixed Studies Review Of Attitudes And Practices Of Health Practitioners, Lee-Fay Low, Margaret Mcgrath, Kate Swaffer, Henry Brodaty

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

The aim of this study is to systematically review practitioners' practices and attitudes in regards to communicating a diagnosis of dementia. A systematic search was conducted of Scopus, Web of Science and PubMed for English language original empirical papers. A sequential explanatory mixed studies analysis approach was used. Twenty-five quantitative descriptive, two intervention, six mixed methods descriptive and 21 qualitative studies were included. Pooled analysis showed that 34% of GPs and 48% of specialists usually/routinely tell the person with dementia their diagnosis, and 89% of GPs and 97% specialists usually/routinely tell the family the diagnosis. Euphemistic terms such ...


Vegetation History And Paleoclimate At Lake Dojran (Fyrom/Greece) During The Late Glacial And Holocene, Alessia Masi, Alexander Francke, Caterina Pepe, Matthias Thienemann, Bernd Wagner, Laura Sadori Jan 2018

Vegetation History And Paleoclimate At Lake Dojran (Fyrom/Greece) During The Late Glacial And Holocene, Alessia Masi, Alexander Francke, Caterina Pepe, Matthias Thienemann, Bernd Wagner, Laura Sadori

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

A new high-resolution pollen and NPP (non-pollen palynomorph) analysis has been performed on the sediments of Lake Dojran, a transboundary lake located at the border between Greece and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM). The sequence covers the last 12 500 years and provides information on the vegetational dynamics of the Late Glacial and Holocene for the southern Balkans. Robust age model, sedimentological diatom, and biomarker analyses published previously have been the base for a multi-perspective interpretation of the new palynological data. Pollen analysis revealed that the Late Glacial is characterized by steppic taxa with prevailing Amaranthaceae, Artemisia and ...


Discovery Of Ancient Roman "Highway" Reveals Geomorphic Changes In Karst Environments During Historic Times, Federico Bernardini, Giacomo Vinci, Emanuele Forte, Stefano Furlani, Michele Pipan, Sara Biolchi, Angelo De Min, Andrea Fragiacomo, Roberto Micheli, Paola Ventura, Claudio Tuniz Jan 2018

Discovery Of Ancient Roman "Highway" Reveals Geomorphic Changes In Karst Environments During Historic Times, Federico Bernardini, Giacomo Vinci, Emanuele Forte, Stefano Furlani, Michele Pipan, Sara Biolchi, Angelo De Min, Andrea Fragiacomo, Roberto Micheli, Paola Ventura, Claudio Tuniz

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Sinkholes are a well-known geologic hazard but their past occurrence, useful for subsidence risk prediction, is difficult to define, especially for ancient historic times. Consequently, our knowledge about Holocene carbonate landscapes is often limited. A multidisciplinary study of Trieste Karst (Italy), close to early Roman military fortifications, led to the identification of possible ancient road tracks, cut by at least one sinkhole. Electrical Resistivity Tomography through the sinkhole has suggested the presence of a cave below its bottom, possibly responsible of the sinkhole formation, while Ground Penetrating Radar has detected no tectonic disturbances underneath the tracks. Additionally, archaeological surveys led ...


Biological And Geophysical Feedbacks With Fire In The Earth System, Sally Archibald, Caroline E. R Lehmann, C Belcher, William J. Bond, Ross A. Bradstock, A-L Daniau, K Dexter, E Forrestel, M Greve, T He, S I. Higgins, W Hoffmann, B B. Lamont, D J. Mcglinn, G Moncrieff, C P. Osborne, Juli G. Pausas, Owen F. Price, B Ripley, B Rogers, D Schwilk, M Simon, M Turetsky, G R. Van Der Werf, A E. Zanne Jan 2018

Biological And Geophysical Feedbacks With Fire In The Earth System, Sally Archibald, Caroline E. R Lehmann, C Belcher, William J. Bond, Ross A. Bradstock, A-L Daniau, K Dexter, E Forrestel, M Greve, T He, S I. Higgins, W Hoffmann, B B. Lamont, D J. Mcglinn, G Moncrieff, C P. Osborne, Juli G. Pausas, Owen F. Price, B Ripley, B Rogers, D Schwilk, M Simon, M Turetsky, G R. Van Der Werf, A E. Zanne

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Roughly 3% of the Earth's land surface burns annually, representing a critical exchange of energy and matter between the land and atmosphere via combustion. Fires range from slow smouldering peat fires, to low-intensity surface fires, to intense crown fires, depending on vegetation structure, fuel moisture, prevailing climate, and weather conditions. While the links between biogeochemistry, climate and fire are widely studied within Earth system science, these relationships are also mediated by fuels-namely plants and their litter-that are the product of evolutionary and ecological processes. Fire is a powerful selective force and, over their evolutionary history, plants have evolved traits ...


Global Tectonic Reconstructions With Continuously Deforming And Evolving Rigid Plates, Michael Gurnis, Ting Yang, John Cannon, Mark Turner, Simon E. Williams, Nicolas Flament, R. Dietmar Muller Jan 2018

Global Tectonic Reconstructions With Continuously Deforming And Evolving Rigid Plates, Michael Gurnis, Ting Yang, John Cannon, Mark Turner, Simon E. Williams, Nicolas Flament, R. Dietmar Muller

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Traditional plate reconstruction methodologies do not allow for plate deformation to be considered. Here we present software to construct and visualize global tectonic reconstructions with deforming plates within the context of rigid plates. Both deforming and rigid plates are defined by continuously evolving polygons. The deforming regions are tessellated with triangular meshes such that either strain rate or cumulative strain can be followed. The finite strain history, crustal thickness and stretching factor of points within the deformation zones are tracked as Lagrangian points. Integrating these tools within the interactive platform GPlates enables specialized users to build and refine deforming plate ...


Reply To Comments On Clarkson Et Al. (2017) 'Human Occupation Of Northern Australia By 65,000 Years Ago', Christopher Clarkson, Richard G. Roberts, Zenobia Jacobs, Ben Marwick, Richard Fullagar, Lee J. Arnold, Quan Hua Jan 2018

Reply To Comments On Clarkson Et Al. (2017) 'Human Occupation Of Northern Australia By 65,000 Years Ago', Christopher Clarkson, Richard G. Roberts, Zenobia Jacobs, Ben Marwick, Richard Fullagar, Lee J. Arnold, Quan Hua

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

We thank the authors for their comments in the previous issue of Australian Archaeology. The 2012-2015 research at Madjedbebe offers a new and comprehensive look at the early occupation of Sahul and adds substantially to our knowledge of the timing of that event and the behaviour of the first people to enter the region. Establishing occupation of northern Australia by 65 ± 6 thousand years ago (ka, with the uncertainty expressed at 95.4% probability) pushes human presence in the Top End back beyond the earliest ages so far reported for other Australian sites by c. 5,000-15,000 years ,thus ...


An Evaluation Of The Nursing Care Of Renal Transplant Recipients: A Qualitative Study, Kylie Turner, Tania Burns, Shelley Tranter Jan 2018

An Evaluation Of The Nursing Care Of Renal Transplant Recipients: A Qualitative Study, Kylie Turner, Tania Burns, Shelley Tranter

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Due to the complexity of their medical management, renal transplant recipients are actively encouraged to self-manage their own medication regimens, diet and lifestyle modifications after transplant. Motivation for this study arose from comments made by hospitalised renal transplant recipients regarding aspects of their clinical care that were not given high priority by the ward nurses. The aim of this study was to investigate renal transplant recipients' experience of the care they received while they were inpatients on the renal ward. In this qualitative study the stories of 12 renal transplant recipients were used to evaluate how they felt about their ...


Contrary To Common Belief, Some Forests Get More Fire-Resistant With Age, Philip J. Zylstra Jan 2018

Contrary To Common Belief, Some Forests Get More Fire-Resistant With Age, Philip J. Zylstra

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

An out-of-season bushfire raged through Sydney's southwest at the weekend, burning more than 2,400 hectares and threatening homes. As the fire season extends and heatwaves become more frequent, it's vital to preserve our natural protections. My research, recently released in the journal Austral Ecology, contradict one of the central assumptions in Australian fire management - that forest accumulate fuel over time and become increasingly flammable.


Lajishankou Ophiolite Complex: Implications For Paleozoic Multiple Accretionary And Collisional Events In The South Qilian Belt, Changlei Fu, Zhen Yan, Zongqi Wang, Solomon Buckman, Jonathan C. Aitchison, Manlan Niu, Bo Cao, Xianqing Guo, Xiucai Li, Yunshuai Li, Jiliang Li Jan 2018

Lajishankou Ophiolite Complex: Implications For Paleozoic Multiple Accretionary And Collisional Events In The South Qilian Belt, Changlei Fu, Zhen Yan, Zongqi Wang, Solomon Buckman, Jonathan C. Aitchison, Manlan Niu, Bo Cao, Xianqing Guo, Xiucai Li, Yunshuai Li, Jiliang Li

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

The Lajishan ophiolite complex in the Qilian Orogen is one of several ophiolites situated between the Qaidam and North China blocks that record episodic closure of the Proto-Tethyan Ocean. Detailed field relations and geochemical and geochronological studies are critical to unraveling the tectonic processes responsible for an extensive period of intraoceanic subduction that produced juvenile ophiolite/island arc terranes, which were obducted onto continental margins during ocean closure. The Lajishankou ophiolite complex crops out along the northern margin of the South Qilian belt and was thrust over a Neoproterozoic-Ordovician passive margin sequence that was deposited upon the Proterozoic Central Qilian ...


How A Trip To Antarctica Became A Real-Life Experiment In Decision-Making, Sarah Hamylton, Rachelle Balez Jan 2018

How A Trip To Antarctica Became A Real-Life Experiment In Decision-Making, Sarah Hamylton, Rachelle Balez

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

We were part of a group of 77 women travelling by ship to an Antarctic research station when our route was blocked by icebergs. We had to make a decision. Should we detour into rough open ocean to reach the target site, or abandon plans to visit Rothera Research Station and settle instead for a few days of exploring Antarctica's calmer, protected waters? This is the story of "Rothera-gate", a leadership development experience on the largest all-female expedition to Antarctica. The 2018 expedition was the culmination of a year-long strategic leadership initiative for women scientists called Homeward Bound. Men ...


Enhancing The Defensibility Of Examiners' Marks In High Stake Osces, Boaz Shulruf, Arvin Damodaran, Philip Jones, Sean Kennedy, George Mangos, Anthony J. O'Sullivan, Joel J. Rhee, Silas Taylor, Gary Velan, Peter Harris Jan 2018

Enhancing The Defensibility Of Examiners' Marks In High Stake Osces, Boaz Shulruf, Arvin Damodaran, Philip Jones, Sean Kennedy, George Mangos, Anthony J. O'Sullivan, Joel J. Rhee, Silas Taylor, Gary Velan, Peter Harris

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Background: Most assessments in health professions education consist of knowledge-based examinations as well as practical and clinical examinations. Among the most challenging aspects of clinical assessments is decision making related to borderline grades assigned by examiners. Borderline grades are commonly used by examiners when they do not have sufficient information to make clear pass/fail decisions. The interpretation of these borderline grades is rarely discussed in the literature. This study reports the application of the Objective Borderline Method (version 2, henceforth: OBM2) to a high stakes Objective Structured Clinical Examination undertaken at the end of the final year of a ...