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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Introduction To Special Issue: Asian / Pacific Island Technology And Health, Reimund Serafica Feb 2019

Introduction To Special Issue: Asian / Pacific Island Technology And Health, Reimund Serafica

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

Nurses are masters at multitasking—that is performing several nursing interventions simultaneously during a patient encounter. While the new technologies such as smart pumps, bar-code medication, administration systems, electronic health records (EHRs), wearables, and smartphones being introduced into our practice environments are designed to increases efficiency, promote safety, and streamline the work of nursing, we also need to see what is current and emerging in the research arena. We need to continue to seek new evidence-based practice to care effectively for the Asian/Pacific Islander populations and promote a healing environment while incorporating the advantages and efficiencies that technologies provide


Exploring The Cultural Perceptions Of Physical Activity Among Transnational Nigerian Immigrants, Kelechi D. Ibe-Lamberts, Daudet Ilunga Tshiswaka, Abi Fapohunda Jan 2019

Exploring The Cultural Perceptions Of Physical Activity Among Transnational Nigerian Immigrants, Kelechi D. Ibe-Lamberts, Daudet Ilunga Tshiswaka, Abi Fapohunda

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Background: Transnational Nigerian Immigrants, as other Transnational African Immigrants, are a subset of African immigrants with the unique ability to sustain multi-national ties. These ties could potentially affect health behavior choices and participation in physical activity. Physical Activity has the potential to improve health and prevent chronic diseases; however, there is a lack of literature regarding physical activity and its determinants within the Transnational African Immigrant population in general. This study investigated the cultural factors that shape Transnational Nigerian Immigrants’ perceptions and attitudes towards physical activity.

Methods: Semi-structured, individual interviews supported by photo-elicitation were conducted on 24 Transnational Nigerian Immigrants ...


Patient Guide To Access Quality Health Information Online, Danielle Wall Jan 2019

Patient Guide To Access Quality Health Information Online, Danielle Wall

Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects

A large percentage of patients use online search engines to access health information. However, there is a large amount of health information online that is unregulated and not evidence-based. As a result patients may acquire health information that is incorrect which may negatively affect patient-provider relationships and patient's healthcare. A brochure was created to highlight safe practices for accessing health information online.


Healthy Skepticism: The Relationship Between Funding Source And Conclusion In Nutrition-Related Scientific Articles On Saturated Fat, Lili Muskal Jan 2019

Healthy Skepticism: The Relationship Between Funding Source And Conclusion In Nutrition-Related Scientific Articles On Saturated Fat, Lili Muskal

CMC Senior Theses

Recently published scientific articles have led to mixed nutritional advice on dietary saturated fatty acids. Lesser et. al (2007) identified that mixed conclusions in scientific articles on sweetened beverages might be attributed industry funding, as articles funded by the beverage industry are four to eight times more likely to report conclusions in favor of the sponsor’s products. This thesis applies Lesser’s methods to determine whether industry funding influences the inconsistent conclusions on saturated fatty acids. This thesis analyzes 100 articles on foods high in dietary saturated fatty acids. While studies with food industry funding are more likely to ...


The Role Of An Advanced Practice Provider (App) And Its Relation To Physician Shortages And Rural Healthcare Survival: A State-By-State Analysis, Allen Anderson Dec 2018

The Role Of An Advanced Practice Provider (App) And Its Relation To Physician Shortages And Rural Healthcare Survival: A State-By-State Analysis, Allen Anderson

Dissertations, Theses, and Projects

The extent that Advanced Practice Providers (APPs) are able to practice independently with a full scope of practice varies state-by-state. The purpose of this paper was to review how APPs could help in a number of different areas of healthcare. This analysis examines the state of rural healthcare and reviews physician shortage statistics and hospital closures by state. In the examination, it also evaluates which states have full scope, reduced scope, and restricted scope of practice laws and cross-references that with states that have experienced a hospital closure. Through case studies, this research finds that APPs can be an alternative ...


Medication Error Prevention: Improving Patient Health Outcome, Brigitta Van Ewijk Dec 2018

Medication Error Prevention: Improving Patient Health Outcome, Brigitta Van Ewijk

Master's Theses

Medication administration errors were reported to have an error rate of 60% in early research mainly in the form of the wrong dose, time, or rate. Working conditions were found to be one of the main contributors to these errors. Recognizing and reporting medication errors are key to the implementation of the reduction of this critical health problem (Hughes & Blegen, 2008). DataRay Inc. (n.d.), states that almost one in five medication doses administered in hospitals is given in error. The two most common errors were (1) dispensing medicine at the wrong time (43% of incidents) and (2) omitting a dose (30%). The goal is to increase the nurses’ awareness of the different processes of medication administration and how error-prone these are.

The medication observation will take place during the hours of 0700-1000, and the nurses will use orange vests with “MEDICATION PASS IN PROGRESS; PLEASE DO NOT DISTURB” during the medication administration process for reduction and prevention of interruption. The nurses will be observed for correct use of the electronic health record system (EHR) during the transcription process throughout the day shift (0730-1530).

The result ...


College Intervention Programs And Their Effects On The Physical Health Of College Students, Tanner E. Mosher Dec 2018

College Intervention Programs And Their Effects On The Physical Health Of College Students, Tanner E. Mosher

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Obesity and poor health rates in this country have been a problem for years and there has been much research to show how physical activity can be a solution for this problem. Much research has been done on physical activity programs and their benefits to different populations, but specifically not much has been done in the question of college students. During these years' adolescents are vulnerable to weight gain and negative health outcomes. Therefore, the purpose of this synthesis was to review the literature on college physical activity programs and the – physical health benefits for college students. Research has shown ...


Compassion Fatigue Among Mental Healthcare Providers And The Impact On Overall Wellbeing, Ruchi Patel Dec 2018

Compassion Fatigue Among Mental Healthcare Providers And The Impact On Overall Wellbeing, Ruchi Patel

Doctoral Dissertations

Compassion, a virtue of the helping profession, can be jeopardized by a provider’s continuous exposure to the trauma experiences of others. The impact of burnout, secondary stress and compassion fatigue on a mental healthcare provider’s work and personal life has been increasingly studied due to negative ramifications on our community healers. The present study used a cross-sectional design to survey mental healthcare providers across specialty and discipline in efforts to gain a better understanding of the relationship between a provider’s degree of compassion fatigue and specific demographic variables, physical health and their spirituality. One hundred and thirty-seven ...


"Integrated Science 3002a: Big Bike Giveaway: Changing London's Environment, Health, And Economy One Bike At A Time", Jermiah Joseph, Katelyn Melo, Devanshi Shukla, Tony Nguyen, Katherine Teeter Dec 2018

"Integrated Science 3002a: Big Bike Giveaway: Changing London's Environment, Health, And Economy One Bike At A Time", Jermiah Joseph, Katelyn Melo, Devanshi Shukla, Tony Nguyen, Katherine Teeter

Community Engaged Learning Final Projects

There are significant benefits that manifest when an individual chooses to ride a bicycle as their primary mode of transportation. To investigate these benefits, the environmental, health, economic, and social impacts of biking were evaluated through research and data analyses. This revealed that numerous advantages can be obtained at an individual and local scale through citizens choosing to adopt a biking lifestyle. However, it was found that many Londoners are deterred from biking due to poor biking infrastructure. This paper calls into question the current cycling framework in London and it’s limitations on achieving the numerous benefits that biking ...


Understanding The Essentials: A "Serenity House" Health Program, Tory E. Wilder Dec 2018

Understanding The Essentials: A "Serenity House" Health Program, Tory E. Wilder

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Health And Wellness Factors Affecting The Wholistic Lifestyle Of National And International Christian Missionaries, Angela C. Williams Dec 2018

Health And Wellness Factors Affecting The Wholistic Lifestyle Of National And International Christian Missionaries, Angela C. Williams

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

This thesis will focus on the health and wellness of missionaries and will develop a wholistic framework for healthier living. This framework will be used as a guide to help sustain missionaries living in various cultural contexts by connecting and integrating the mind, body, and spirit in harmony for wholistic lifestyle. God intended for His people to live a healthy lifestyle and to take care of their temples. Missionaries are the backbone of cross-cultural evangelism, but they often find themselves living unhealthy lifestyles. These unhealthy lifestyles can have a negative impact on missionaries’ overall health, wellness, and fruitfulness in serving ...


Healthy And Happy: Creating And Evaluating A Catalyst To Improve The Health Of University Students Via An Online Training System, Gillian E. Mandich Nov 2018

Healthy And Happy: Creating And Evaluating A Catalyst To Improve The Health Of University Students Via An Online Training System, Gillian E. Mandich

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Increasingly, university students are facing unique, significant physical and mental health challenges. Additionally, they are spending more and more of their time online and are using online platforms to access mental health resources; consequently, there is a timely opportunity to explore the potential of online happiness interventions, specifically with video, to improve happiness among university students. Evidence suggests that improved happiness relates to improved physical health, mental health, and academic outcomes.

The purpose of this research was to test if an online happiness intervention, using videos to boost happiness, can increase self-reported happiness among university students. The primary outcome was ...


Health Justice - Letter From The Senior Editor, Tyanez Jones Nov 2018

Health Justice - Letter From The Senior Editor, Tyanez Jones

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

Tyanez C. Jones is the Senior Editor of the Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis.


Empowering Malaysian Christians At Citylife Church: A Strategy For Ministry And Mission, Michael K K Loke Nov 2018

Empowering Malaysian Christians At Citylife Church: A Strategy For Ministry And Mission, Michael K K Loke

Doctor of Ministry Projects

The purpose of this paper is to empower Malaysian Christian migrants to participate fully in the mission of God through CityLife Church and amongst the indigenous communities in Sabah and Sarawak, Malaysia. The impact of colonization of the Portuguese, Dutch, and British and their respective forms of Christianity on Malaysia, coupled with the subsequent formation of the indigenous church by Borneo Evangelical Mission provide context to the situation. After the independence of Malaysia, the discriminatory government policies toward non-Muslims led to a growing migration to Australia. Some have settled at CityLife Church where they have begun to play active roles ...


Ignorance Is Not An Option, Tamela J. White Oct 2018

Ignorance Is Not An Option, Tamela J. White

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Health literacy is a vital component in the design of public health interventions. Public understanding of health literacy and its role in attaining down stream and outcomes is not only a necessity but a moral mandate.


On The Nature Of The University And What It Means For Nursing Education - La Nature De L’Université Et Ses Implications Pour La Formation En Sciences Infirmières, Jacinthe I. Pepin, Florence Myrick Oct 2018

On The Nature Of The University And What It Means For Nursing Education - La Nature De L’Université Et Ses Implications Pour La Formation En Sciences Infirmières, Jacinthe I. Pepin, Florence Myrick

Quality Advancement in Nursing Education - Avancées en formation infirmière

No abstract provided.


Unlv School Of Medicine: Rethinking Governance, Planning, And Economic Impact, The Lincy Institute Oct 2018

Unlv School Of Medicine: Rethinking Governance, Planning, And Economic Impact, The Lincy Institute

Lectures/Events (BMW)

The launch of the UNLV School of Medicine presented a unique opportunity for Southern Nevada to address two critical issues: the absence of adequate healthcare services for a region of more than 2.2 million people, and the economic impact of a new medical school resulting in an expanded regional health care economy. A collaborative process that engages local, state, and private sector interests is essential to the development of the UNLV School of Medicine and the expansion of an effective, efficient, and profitable healthcare economy.

In this colloquium The Lincy Institute released new health policy publications prepared with the ...


Fresh Express, Timothy Skill, Alaina Mclhenney, Minji Hong, Chinmay Joshi, Witali Brianzew, Abby Garrity, Taegun Park Sep 2018

Fresh Express, Timothy Skill, Alaina Mclhenney, Minji Hong, Chinmay Joshi, Witali Brianzew, Abby Garrity, Taegun Park

Nexus Maximus

Our project culminated with the decision to create Fresh Express. We began the project searching to find the best way to help end food insecurity in Philadelphia but specifically in Center City. Our food truck solution will help to create a healthier lifestyle for those directly in Center City and eventually throughout all of Philadelphia.

Nexus Maximus V

The 2018 Challenge: "Improving Lives Through Healthy Communities" Teams will evaluate and seek innovation that supports the health and well-being of specific local community populations. The team’s project work will be supplemented with workshops on innovation, entrepreneurship, and content relevant to ...


Lnp Mediators For Posterity, Yinelia De La Cruz, Stephen Adasonla, Kieara Martin, Yi Soo Hahm, Jaymi Phillips, Holly Spring Sep 2018

Lnp Mediators For Posterity, Yinelia De La Cruz, Stephen Adasonla, Kieara Martin, Yi Soo Hahm, Jaymi Phillips, Holly Spring

Nexus Maximus

We have decided to tackle substance abuse in Lower North Philadelphia by eliminating the stigma around mental health in low income communities. By preventing drug usage in teen and young adult mental awareness, we can combat issues like suicide and the opioid epidemic. Using mediators by partnering with university students we can offer positive role models into the school system, while also offering internships and residency opportunities.

Nexus Maximus V

The 2018 Challenge: "Improving Lives Through Healthy Communities" Teams will evaluate and seek innovation that supports the health and well-being of specific local community populations. The team’s project work ...


Phil Like Playing?, José Ignacio Saavedra, Amanda &. Alanoud, Louise Gamble, Maureen Sledge Sep 2018

Phil Like Playing?, José Ignacio Saavedra, Amanda &. Alanoud, Louise Gamble, Maureen Sledge

Nexus Maximus

Through researching issues within central Philadelphia we decided we need to improve the health and overall well-being of the community members. In doing this we found that within the Center City, 56.3% of the population are made up of single adults, with the majority living alone.

They also have 65.8% of the population working in white collar jobs. These situations consist of long working hours which decrease the percentage in social interaction. This can also lead to other issues such as mental health, where stress levels are high.

Our solution to combat the problem is to create a ...


Champ: Choosing Healthy Active Moving Play, Melanie Goldstein, Mica Lai, Omri Faroul, Valerie Leonard, Caroline Mccarthy, Suki Ghumman Sep 2018

Champ: Choosing Healthy Active Moving Play, Melanie Goldstein, Mica Lai, Omri Faroul, Valerie Leonard, Caroline Mccarthy, Suki Ghumman

Nexus Maximus

CHAMP is an afterschool program to get kids to become more active and healthy. The money raised will be used to fix the playground and make the area safer for children to play.

Nexus Maximus V

The 2018 Challenge: "Improving Lives Through Healthy Communities" Teams will evaluate and seek innovation that supports the health and well-being of specific local community populations. The team’s project work will be supplemented with workshops on innovation, entrepreneurship, and content relevant to the theme, delivered by experts throughout the weekend.

Teams will also explore opportunities to leverage that data in meaningful ways that benefit ...


Track My Trip, Katie Taylor, Charlotte Calderwood, Anish Bachu, Chase Fike, Danielle Samson Sep 2018

Track My Trip, Katie Taylor, Charlotte Calderwood, Anish Bachu, Chase Fike, Danielle Samson

Nexus Maximus

We came up with a smart phone app to promote more physical activity which incorporates a reward scheme. This in turn helps to benefit local businesses.

Nexus Maximus V

The 2018 Challenge: "Improving Lives Through Healthy Communities" Teams will evaluate and seek innovation that supports the health and well-being of specific local community populations. The team’s project work will be supplemented with workshops on innovation, entrepreneurship, and content relevant to the theme, delivered by experts throughout the weekend.

Teams will also explore opportunities to leverage that data in meaningful ways that benefit and protect individuals and society. The team ...


Effects Of The Affordable Care Act On Health Care Access And Self-Assessed Health After 3 Years, Charles Courtemanche, James Marton, Benjamin Ukert, Aaron Yelowitz, Daniela Zapata Sep 2018

Effects Of The Affordable Care Act On Health Care Access And Self-Assessed Health After 3 Years, Charles Courtemanche, James Marton, Benjamin Ukert, Aaron Yelowitz, Daniela Zapata

Economics Faculty Publications

Using data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, we examine the causal impact of the Affordable Care Act on health-related outcomes after 3 years. We estimate difference-in-difference-in-differences models that exploit variation in treatment intensity from 2 sources: (1) local area prereform uninsured rates from 2013 and (2) state participation in the Medicaid expansion. Including the third postreform year leads to 2 important insights. First, gains in health insurance coverage and access to care from the policy continued to increase in the third year. Second, an improvement in the probability of reporting excellent health emerged in the third year, with ...


Setting The Stage: Reviewing Current Knowledge On The Health Of New Zealand Immigrants—An Integrative Review, Blessing Kanengoni, Sari Andajani-Sutjahjo, Eleanor Holroyd Aug 2018

Setting The Stage: Reviewing Current Knowledge On The Health Of New Zealand Immigrants—An Integrative Review, Blessing Kanengoni, Sari Andajani-Sutjahjo, Eleanor Holroyd

School of Nursing & Midwifery, East Africa

The growth of migrant communities continues to rise globally, creating unique and complex health challenges. Literature on immigrant health in New Zealand (NZ) remains scant. This integrative literature review was conducted drawing on peer-reviewed research articles on immigrant health in NZ published between 2012 and 2018. The objectives were to: (i) provide a critical overview of immigrant health in NZ; (ii) identify general trends in health research conducted in NZ on immigrants; (iii) compare, contrast, and evaluate the quality of the information; (iv) develop a summary of research results and; (v) identify priorities and recommendations for future research. A search ...


Women’S Leadership In Asian Culture, Eun-Ok Im, Marion Broome Aug 2018

Women’S Leadership In Asian Culture, Eun-Ok Im, Marion Broome

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

No abstract (this is an editorial for the special issue on Asian Women's Leadership in Nursing).


Alternative Financial Services And Health Status In U.S. Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Courtney Hundley, Richard W. Wilson 8520196, John Chenault Aug 2018

Alternative Financial Services And Health Status In U.S. Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Courtney Hundley, Richard W. Wilson 8520196, John Chenault

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Abstract

Alternative financial services (AFS) such as, payday lenders, pawn brokers, tax refund loans, and check cashers are more prevalent in minority and lower income neighborhoods. These are neighborhoods also found to have disparities in health, compared to more affluent neighborhoods and communities. The focus of this paper is to determine if any relationship exists between use of AFS and health disparities.

Using data from a survey performed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), we compared four banking variables to several measures of health for 85 metropolitan statistical areas (MSA) across the nation. The four banking variables all related ...


Health Care Referrals Out Of The Shadows: Recognizing The Looming Threat Of The Texas Patient Solicitation Act And Other Illegal Remuneration Statutes, Trenton Brown Aug 2018

Health Care Referrals Out Of The Shadows: Recognizing The Looming Threat Of The Texas Patient Solicitation Act And Other Illegal Remuneration Statutes, Trenton Brown

St. Mary's Law Journal

Abstract forthcoming


Social Determinants Of Health And A Grounded Mixed-Methods Approach To Explain Declining Life Expectancy In Eastern Kentucky : 1980 – 2014., William Renda Aug 2018

Social Determinants Of Health And A Grounded Mixed-Methods Approach To Explain Declining Life Expectancy In Eastern Kentucky : 1980 – 2014., William Renda

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Trends in life expectancy for the United States from 1980-2014 suggest general improvement overall. However, eastern Kentucky stands out with a cluster of counties experiencing declining life expectancy. Given that life expectancy is an excepted indicator of overall population health, this anomaly in eastern Kentucky warrants investigation. This thesis uses a grounded mixed methods approach to explore this trend across the greater Appalachian region. Content and discourse analysis of interviews with public health and medical professionals in the study area revealed key themes perceived as being related to declining life expectancy, which informed variable selection for regression analysis. Regression models ...


Hospital Librarians: Training The Next Generation Of Doctors, Heather J. Martin Jul 2018

Hospital Librarians: Training The Next Generation Of Doctors, Heather J. Martin

OLA Quarterly

Hospital librarians address a wide array of information needs. They help nurses figure out how to take care of patients, help physicians with difficult cases, help families get reliable health information, and sometimes the information they provide even helps save a life. They also play an important role in training the next generation of doctors. At one hospital in Oregon, Providence St. Joseph Health System Library Services has integrated traditional library instruction directly into the curriculum of the Internal Medicine Residency Program.

Providence St. Joseph Health (PSJH) System Library Services has a staff of 16 librarians and library paraprofessionals dedicated ...


Nonlinear Associations Between Working Hours And Overwork-Related Cerebrovascular And Cardiovascular Diseases (Ccvd), Ro-Ting Lin, Lung-Chang Chien, Ichiro Kawachi Jun 2018

Nonlinear Associations Between Working Hours And Overwork-Related Cerebrovascular And Cardiovascular Diseases (Ccvd), Ro-Ting Lin, Lung-Chang Chien, Ichiro Kawachi

Community Health Sciences Faculty Publications

Long working hours are recognized as a risk factor for cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases (CCVD). We investigated the relationship between working hours and different CCVD severity outcomes—death, disability, and illness—across industries in Taiwan from 2006 to 2016. We applied a generalized additive mixed model to estimate the association between working hours and the rate of each severity outcome, adjusted for salary, unemployment rate, time, and a random intercept. Industry-average working hours were significantly associated with each outcome level of overwork-related CCVD, especially when monthly working hours increased from 169 (relative risk [RR] = 1.46, 95% confidence interval [CI ...