Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Health

Discipline
Institution
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 1136

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Improving Health And Wellness Of Healthcare Staff, Paige Mcbride, Maria Mccarthy May 2020

Improving Health And Wellness Of Healthcare Staff, Paige Mcbride, Maria Mccarthy

Academic Excellence Showcase Proceedings

Health care providers face a high prevalence of burnout, which can lead to substance abuse, suicidiality, and overall poor health outcomes. Mindfulness meditation can greatly reduce burnout in healthcare professionals when practiced regularly. A guided meditation mobile application can increase feasibility and utilization by healthcare professionals with varying schedules. The objectives of this performance improvement project was to increase knowledge of burnout and promote health and wellness. A needs assessment identified increased self-care as a health priority to reduce burnout, as well as staff interest in meditation as an intervention. A database search utilizing CINAHL, PubMed, and PsychInfo was conducted ...


Swimming Pool Environment And Respiratory Health Issues Experienced By Masters Swimmers: Results From A Literature Review And Survey Of United States Masters Swimming Clubs, Jody C. Gan, Julia Snegg, William Harder May 2020

Swimming Pool Environment And Respiratory Health Issues Experienced By Masters Swimmers: Results From A Literature Review And Survey Of United States Masters Swimming Clubs, Jody C. Gan, Julia Snegg, William Harder

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

After three members of a Masters adult swim club died of lung cancer, both a literature review and survey were conducted with representatives from 746 United States Masters Swimming clubs to explore a possible relationship between swimming and cancers of the respiratory tract. Six other clubs reported known cancers of the respiratory tract among club members, but none of the other 740 clubs reported a similar cluster of lung cancer. More clubs reported cases of chronic respiratory infections and widespread complaints about air quality. While no studies exploring a relationship between swimming and lung cancer could be found in the ...


New Hope, Gerhard H. Laurich May 2020

New Hope, Gerhard H. Laurich

Akesis

While moving across the country with my fiance for a clinical placement in December our tree suffered greatly from the cold nights in the car; we were sure it was dead when we finally got to our destination but the trunk hadn't yet turned brown and gotten weak so we kept it, watered it, and gave it a chance. A couple weeks later we noticed that there were a couple new buds sprouting from the trunk lower down. It just goes to show that no matter how hard life gets, there is always reason to hope, to try, and ...


An Evaluation Of Community Based Food Intervention: Cooking Matters In Charleston, Ms, Lindsay Fournier May 2020

An Evaluation Of Community Based Food Intervention: Cooking Matters In Charleston, Ms, Lindsay Fournier

Honors Theses

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of Cooking Matters classes in producing improvement in individuals’ cooking skills and confidence, as well as their eating behaviors, shopping skills, and perceptions of cooking in rural Charleston, MS. These classes have reported great success in more urban areas such as Atlanta, GA; Philadelphia, PA; and Washington, DC; however, different challenges may be faced in rural Mississippi. To study the effectiveness of the interventions in a new context, pre- and post-intervention self-report surveys were performed and evaluated using Wilcoxon statistical analysis as well as paired sample t tests, and bootstrap ...


Plant-Based Diet: How It Affects Health, Sarah Marsland May 2020

Plant-Based Diet: How It Affects Health, Sarah Marsland

Senior Honors Projects

This research project aims to investigate the relationship between plant-based dieting and overall health, specifically the prevention and reversal of chronic disease. Two subjects committed to eating a plant-based diet comprised of primarily vegetables, fruits, whole grains and non-processed foods for six weeks. Before beginning, they were asked about their current health status, including a complete health history, and their knowledge of plant-based eating. Throughout the research period, the subjects shared what they were eating, challenges they faced, and any benefits they noticed. Upon completion of the diet, they answered questions about their experience. With this information, the researcher was ...


Health And Academic Achievement In College And University Students, Amber Beane May 2020

Health And Academic Achievement In College And University Students, Amber Beane

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this non-experimental quantitative correlational study was to investigate the relationship between academic achievement and health in a national sample of college students using quantitative data analysis. Specifically, the researcher analyzed the relationship between three health-promoting behaviors (physical activity, strength training, and fruit and vegetable consumption), three negative health behaviors (cigarette, e-cigarette, and opioid use) and obesity with GPA.

Cross-sectional data on student health collected from the American College Health Association’s National College Health Assessment II (ACHA-NCHA-II) and completed by 426,650 college students from 650 U.S. colleges during the semesters between 2015 and 2019 formed ...


College Education Can Induce Stress, Anxiety, And Depression – Are You Sad?, Nathan L. Boyd May 2020

College Education Can Induce Stress, Anxiety, And Depression – Are You Sad?, Nathan L. Boyd

2020 Symposium Posters

College students must manage a great deal of stress, including heavy loads of coursework, deadlines, finances, families, working part-time or full-time, and choosing their lifelong careers. The Center for Collegiate Mental Health has reported that stress, anxiety, and depression (SAD) are the leading reasons that students reach out for mental health services. However, stigma has been identified as the primary barrier to treatment. Students should be encouraged to seek the help of medical professionals and develop healthy habits because these serious conditions can negatively affect educational performance, work performance, and quality of life. Secondary research methods will be used to ...


Sewers Vs. Centers: Politics Of Choice And Localized Public Health In The Underground Community At The Gara De Nord- Bucharest, Aran Valente May 2020

Sewers Vs. Centers: Politics Of Choice And Localized Public Health In The Underground Community At The Gara De Nord- Bucharest, Aran Valente

International Development, Community and Environment (IDCE)

This thesis is based on ethnographic research conducted on a community of people living in the sewers below the Gara de Nord (Northern Train Station) in Romania’s capital city, Bucharest, between 2011 and 2014. The history of former Romanian president, Nicolae Ceaușescu’s policies on population growth and treatment of orphans provide an important background to my research. Before 1989, Ceaușescu’s pro-natalist policies produced thousands of children who were abandoned by their families and had to be housed by the state. They were forced into state orphanages where they faced abuse so horrendous that some fled into sewers ...


How Vaping Is Impacting One Rural High School And What Can Be Done, Dawn Richardson May 2020

How Vaping Is Impacting One Rural High School And What Can Be Done, Dawn Richardson

Capstone Projects and Master's Theses

How vaping is impacting one rural high school and what can be done. There has been an increase in the number of teens vaping. In order to understand this epidemic among teens and vaping, this research answers the following questions: What is vaping and why is it a problem? What are the health risks of vaping? Why is vaping among teens a concern? How is vaping impacting teens in local high school? In a review of literature on vaping, the research shows the negative impact on health and the increasing popularity of vaping especially among youth. This action research project ...


2020-04-22 A Message From Chancellor Roth, Paul B. Roth Apr 2020

2020-04-22 A Message From Chancellor Roth, Paul B. Roth

HSC Messages from the Chancellor

No abstract provided.


Spiritual And Religious Interventions For Medically High-Risk Adults: A Systematic Review, Nathanael J. Strissel Apr 2020

Spiritual And Religious Interventions For Medically High-Risk Adults: A Systematic Review, Nathanael J. Strissel

Senior Honors Theses

This systematic review is an update and expansion to the population and methods of a previous systematic review concerning spiritual and religious interventions for the well-being of terminally ill adults. After expanding the criteria to incorporate a more diverse population and including non-randomized experimental studies that contained relatively few concerns of bias, the results of the review are inconclusive due to insufficient data. The lack of usable data in the field highlights the ethical and theoretical issues with the use of experimental trials in analyzing the efficacy of spiritual and religious interventions. The development of spirituality in healthcare will remain ...


Comparative Verification Of Staphylococcal Related Enterotoxin In Staphylococcus Aureus Study Samples, Tuesa Yang, Amanda Brosnahan Dr, Taylor Mach Dr Apr 2020

Comparative Verification Of Staphylococcal Related Enterotoxin In Staphylococcus Aureus Study Samples, Tuesa Yang, Amanda Brosnahan Dr, Taylor Mach Dr

Research and Scholarship Symposium Posters

Staphylococcal related diseases such as food poisoning and toxic shock syndrome are often associated by specific enterotoxin produced by Staphylococcus aureus. Enterotoxin can disrupt the body's immune system response against pathogens and indirectly damage tissues and organs as a result. To identify the specific toxins produced by S.aureus, the gene encoding for the toxin in question was expressed though the use of its respective primers and a polymerase chain reaction.


The Effects And Implications Of Vaping On The Youth Population, Julia Sisson Apr 2020

The Effects And Implications Of Vaping On The Youth Population, Julia Sisson

Senior Honors Theses

Youth today have adopted the “cessation tool” known as the e-cigarette as a form of recreational activity. An examination of the history of tobacco use and prevention enables a fuller understanding of the problem presented by this product. Youth around the country are addicted to the sensation of vaping and are largely unaware of the associated health dangers. To address this growing issue among adolescents, vaping and its impact on the youth population should be carefully examined by health professionals. Although an overall solution has not yet been determined, there are several ways to impede the spread of the vaping ...


Relationship Satisfaction & Diet: Exploring The Mechanisms Through Which Intimate Relationships Influence Physical Health, Lindsey Robinson, Dylan Hillock, Dr. Josh Novak Apr 2020

Relationship Satisfaction & Diet: Exploring The Mechanisms Through Which Intimate Relationships Influence Physical Health, Lindsey Robinson, Dylan Hillock, Dr. Josh Novak

Southeastern Council on Family Relations Conference

Understanding how intimate relationships influence physical health has been an important topic of focus; however, research remains unclear on the mechanisms through which this influence occurs. The purpose of this study was to examine how relationship satisfaction relates to diet quality, through mental health (depression and anxiety) and diet self-efficacy. Using a dyadic mediation model with a sample of 234 heterosexual couples, researchers found that women's higher relationship satisfaction was associated with better diet through lower depression and higher diet self-efficacy. Results revealed the same association between women's relationship satisfaction and diet through lower anxiety. Interestingly, rather than ...


The Contemporary Porn Debate - Perceptions Of Sexual Health Of Porn Actors, The 2013 Hiv Crisis, And Recognizing The Complexities Of The Porn Industry, Nasreen C. Gooya Apr 2020

The Contemporary Porn Debate - Perceptions Of Sexual Health Of Porn Actors, The 2013 Hiv Crisis, And Recognizing The Complexities Of The Porn Industry, Nasreen C. Gooya

Student Publications

Between August 2012 and January 2013, four adult film performers based in California tested positive for HIV which triggered a moratorium on production, and led the state of California to mandate condom usage in the industry under the Safer Sex in the Adult Industry Act – otherwise referred to as Measure B. The goal of this research is to explore how the discourse surrounding health in the adult film industry, specifically sexual health in relation to the adult film performers during this event, is reflective of contemporary anti-pornography sentiments. These sentiments and biases ultimately lead to regulations of the industry that ...


First Aid First: Implementation And Evaluation Of A Community-Based First Aid Training Course, Luke Wesemann Mar 2020

First Aid First: Implementation And Evaluation Of A Community-Based First Aid Training Course, Luke Wesemann

Medical Student Research Symposium

In 2018, medical students at Wayne State University School of Medicine (WSUSOM) created a first aid training initiative called First Aid First (FAF). FAF is a comprehensive community-based training program that teaches lifesaving skills tailored for Detroit. The objective of this initiative was to improve the confidence and basic first aid skills of those who attend trainings.

Pre- and post-test surveys were used to measure knowledge, confidence and skill level. The survey data gathered from March 2018-October 2019 consisted of 5 Likert scale questions for self-evaluation component and 23-25 multiple choice questions, number depending on time of administration due to ...


Climate And Health, Amanda Adrian Mar 2020

Climate And Health, Amanda Adrian

Journal of Perioperative Nursing

While being responsible for a relatively high proportion of CO2 emissions, the health professions also have a professional responsibility to take action to respond to the health threats that climate change is generating.This feature article examines our responsibilities as health professional leaders in mitigating the enormous risk posed by climate change and some of the possibilities for action at both local and national level.


The Prevalence Of Physical Health Problems Among Youth In The Juvenile Justice System: A Systematic Review., Wadiya A. Udell, Selina Mohammed Jan 2020

The Prevalence Of Physical Health Problems Among Youth In The Juvenile Justice System: A Systematic Review., Wadiya A. Udell, Selina Mohammed

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Justice-involved youth suffer from a range of health problems. Using health and social science databases, we summarize findings from studies reporting rates of physical health problems among youth in the juvenile justice system published between 2006 and 2017. A total of 23 were identified, with the majority examining sexual health problems and focusing on youth confined to correctional facilities. Although fewer studies focused on non-sexual health problems and non-detained youth, findings suggest disparities across some physical health problems impacting youth within various levels of justice system involvement. Given the health risks faced by justice-involved youth and their long-term consequences, more ...


Addressing Exercise Accessibility In Winter Conditions In Milton, Vermont, Liam Du Preez Jan 2020

Addressing Exercise Accessibility In Winter Conditions In Milton, Vermont, Liam Du Preez

Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects

Exercise is a critical aspect of health maintenance, especially in the context of chronic medical problems such as diabetes, heart disease, and obesity. Weather and climate conditions in Vermont directly impact Vermonters' ability to exercise, and this results in negative impacts in their health maintenance and healthcare costs nationally and locally. This project explores the direct and indirect impact of decreased exercise and explore a modality for informing patients on how to stay active safely in the winter.


Exploring Female University Students’ Views Of Campus Engagement In Chaarg, Lia Giffels Jan 2020

Exploring Female University Students’ Views Of Campus Engagement In Chaarg, Lia Giffels

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

There are positive benefits to group exercise, such as motivation and improved performance. However, strength training poses a gender disparity, with less participation among females. Changing Health, Attitudes, + Actions to Recreate Girls (CHAARG) is a student organization to empower females to reach health goals by participating in a comprehensive fitness program. Purpose: This investigation explores female college students’ views of their experience in CHAARG. Understanding how to engage more women in strength training and healthy lifestyles may fuel increased adherence rates. Methods: Q methodology will be used to investigate the viewpoints of female students’ members in a large Midwest university ...


Has Planetree Patient-Centered Care Models Have A Positive Effects On Patient Outcomes?, Jacob Nagle Jan 2020

Has Planetree Patient-Centered Care Models Have A Positive Effects On Patient Outcomes?, Jacob Nagle

Student Research Poster Presentations 2020

No abstract provided.


The Right Way To Health Care, Robert Curlee Jan 2020

The Right Way To Health Care, Robert Curlee

Student Research Poster Presentations 2020

This poster takes the position that health care is a human service that should be provided by need independent of ability to pay, not a commodity to be allocated as a market good based on ability to pay.


Utilizing A Community-Based Doula Care Intervention To Reduce Race-Based Perinatal Health Inequities In Jefferson County, Kentucky, Brendan Mathews Jan 2020

Utilizing A Community-Based Doula Care Intervention To Reduce Race-Based Perinatal Health Inequities In Jefferson County, Kentucky, Brendan Mathews

Theses and Dissertations--Public Health (M.P.H. & Dr.P.H.)

Target Population and Need

The United States is currently the only industrialized nation in the world experiencing increasing rates of

pregnancy-related mortality.

1,2

Black women die at 3-4 times the rate of their white counterparts.

1-5

This disparity

is likely caused by the experience of systemic racism, which increases allostatic load and produces epigenetic

modifications linked to higher likelihood for poor birth outcomes. Biases perpetuated by health care providers

result in black women being less likely to receive quality healthcare and more likely to experience poor perinatal

1-7 to all pregnant women.

health outcomes.

The provision of doula-based care ...


Why Does The Importance Of Education For Health Differ Across The United States?, Blakelee R. Kemp, Jennifer Karas Montez Jan 2020

Why Does The Importance Of Education For Health Differ Across The United States?, Blakelee R. Kemp, Jennifer Karas Montez

Sociology Department, Faculty Publications

The positive association between educational attainment and adult health (“the gradient”) is stronger in some areas of the United States than in others. Explanations for the geographic pattern have not been rigorously investigated. Grounded in a contextual and life-course perspective, the aim of this study is to assess childhood circumstances (e.g., childhood health, compulsory schooling laws) and adult circumstances (e.g., wealth, lifestyles, economic policies) as potential explanations. Using data on U.S.-born adults aged 50 to 59 years at baseline (n = 13,095) and followed for up to 16 years across the 1998 to 2014 waves of ...


Changes In Bone Health Of Female College Students, Sarah E. Pogany, Jesse Morrell, Maggie Dylewski Begis, Gretchen Arnold Jan 2020

Changes In Bone Health Of Female College Students, Sarah E. Pogany, Jesse Morrell, Maggie Dylewski Begis, Gretchen Arnold

Honors Theses and Capstones

Objective: Identifying individuals with low bone ultrasound attenuation (BUA) z-scores under the age of 30 can allow for improvements of bone health through increased intake of calcium and vitamin D, physical activity, and avoidance of excessive alcohol or caffeine intake. The goal of this study was to assess changes in bone health and observe related risk factors among female college students.

Participants and Methods: Female students (n=38) enrolled in the Nutrition Program at the University of New Hampshire (UNH) who participated in the College Health and Nutrition Assessment Survey (CHANAS) were recruited to participate in a follow-up study during ...


Disrupting The Narrative Of Global South To Global North Immigration: Media Portrayals And The Immigrant Experience, Isabelle Breitfelder Jan 2020

Disrupting The Narrative Of Global South To Global North Immigration: Media Portrayals And The Immigrant Experience, Isabelle Breitfelder

Honors Theses at the University of Iowa

Immigration studies often focus on immigration from the Global South to the Global North and fail to recognize other patterns of immigration. The purpose of this study is to fill this lacuna of knowledge by quantitatively and qualitatively exploring immigrants’ perceptions and health experiences in their country of immigration—namely, Latin American immigration to the United States mainland, Dominican immigration to Puerto Rico, and Indian immigration to the United Arab Emirates. The primary research question is: What perceptions and health experiences do immigrants have en route to and upon arrival in their destination countries? A sub-question of the broader topic ...


Overview Of Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islander Health Status 2019, Australian Indigenous Healthinfonet, Anomie, Burns Jane, Neil Drew, Michelle Elwell, Vilma Fitzgerald, Joanne Hoareau, Christine Potter, Miranda Poynton, Tamara Swann, Avinna Trzesinski Jan 2020

Overview Of Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islander Health Status 2019, Australian Indigenous Healthinfonet, Anomie, Burns Jane, Neil Drew, Michelle Elwell, Vilma Fitzgerald, Joanne Hoareau, Christine Potter, Miranda Poynton, Tamara Swann, Avinna Trzesinski

ECU Publications Post 2013

The main purpose of the Overview of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health status (Overview) is to provide a comprehensive summary of the most recent indicators of the health and current health status of Australia’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. The Overview has been prepared by Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet staff as part of our contribution to supporting those who work in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health sector. The Overview is a key element of the HealthInfoNet’s commitment to authentic and engaged knowledge development and exchange...


Health Literacy And Health Beliefs With Adherence To Antihypertensive Medications In An Urban African American Cohort, Karen Ranae Dukes Jan 2020

Health Literacy And Health Beliefs With Adherence To Antihypertensive Medications In An Urban African American Cohort, Karen Ranae Dukes

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

African Americans aged 40 to 65 are more likely to be diagnosed with hypertension, and adherence to prescribed antihypertensive medication regimens is important in controlling their blood pressure levels. The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the relationship between health literacy and sociodemographic and clinical factors with adherence to antihypertensive medications among African American adults. The theoretical framework for this study was the health belief model. A quantitative research design was used with participants recruited from churches with African American congregations in the city of Detroit. A convenience sampling method was used to obtain a sample of 79 ...


Relationship Between Mental Health And Obesity In The United States, Lexie E. Barnett Jan 2020

Relationship Between Mental Health And Obesity In The United States, Lexie E. Barnett

2020 Symposium Posters

Rates of obesity have continued to grow in the United States, as well as the rates of mental illness. There appears to be a link between mental health and obesity. Obesity develops from a combination of environmental effects and genetics, both of which can present as heightened risk factors in people with mental illness. Obesity also brings with its higher risks of type two diabetes and cardiovascular disease, which can further affect psychological well-being. It has been discovered that an uneven number of individuals with mental health issues are obese compared to the general population. The research method that was ...


Demographics And Physical Activity Levels Of Esports Athletes At The University Of Akron, Madison Morgan, Patrick Barrett, Madeleine Stoll Jan 2020

Demographics And Physical Activity Levels Of Esports Athletes At The University Of Akron, Madison Morgan, Patrick Barrett, Madeleine Stoll

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

Esports is rapidly growing and gaining popularity, however there is a lack of research regarding physical activity levels of eSport athletes, especially those at the collegiate level. This study summarizes the current research and findings related to exercise, overall health, and video game performance. All varsity eSport athletes for The University of Akron varsity team were “participants” in this study. A survey tool was designed through Qualtrics (Qualtrics 2020© Provo, UT), an online survey instrument, to assess current physical activity levels, preferences and tolerance for exercise intensity, and perceptions about how physical activity affects gaming performance. This survey was distributed ...