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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Medication Error Prevention: Improving Patient Health Outcome, Brigitta Van Ewijk Dec 2018

Medication Error Prevention: Improving Patient Health Outcome, Brigitta Van Ewijk

Master's Theses

Medication administration errors were reported to have an error rate of 60% in early research mainly in the form of the wrong dose, time, or rate. Working conditions were found to be one of the main contributors to these errors. Recognizing and reporting medication errors are key to the implementation of the reduction of this critical health problem (Hughes & Blegen, 2008). DataRay Inc. (n.d.), states that almost one in five medication doses administered in hospitals is given in error. The two most common errors were (1) dispensing medicine at the wrong time (43% of incidents) and (2) omitting a dose (30%). The goal is to increase the nurses’ awareness of the different processes of medication administration and how error-prone these are.

The medication observation will take place during the hours of 0700-1000, and the nurses will use orange vests with “MEDICATION PASS IN PROGRESS; PLEASE DO NOT DISTURB” during the medication administration process for reduction and prevention of interruption. The nurses will be observed for correct use of the electronic health record system (EHR) during the transcription process throughout the day shift (0730-1530).

The result ...


Compassion Fatigue Among Mental Healthcare Providers And The Impact On Overall Wellbeing, Ruchi Patel Dec 2018

Compassion Fatigue Among Mental Healthcare Providers And The Impact On Overall Wellbeing, Ruchi Patel

Doctoral Dissertations

Compassion, a virtue of the helping profession, can be jeopardized by a provider’s continuous exposure to the trauma experiences of others. The impact of burnout, secondary stress and compassion fatigue on a mental healthcare provider’s work and personal life has been increasingly studied due to negative ramifications on our community healers. The present study used a cross-sectional design to survey mental healthcare providers across specialty and discipline in efforts to gain a better understanding of the relationship between a provider’s degree of compassion fatigue and specific demographic variables, physical health and their spirituality. One hundred and thirty-seven ...


Health Justice - Letter From The Senior Editor, Tyanez Jones Nov 2018

Health Justice - Letter From The Senior Editor, Tyanez Jones

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

Tyanez C. Jones is the Senior Editor of the Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis.


Ignorance Is Not An Option, Tamela J. White Oct 2018

Ignorance Is Not An Option, Tamela J. White

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Health literacy is a vital component in the design of public health interventions. Public understanding of health literacy and its role in attaining down stream and outcomes is not only a necessity but a moral mandate.


On The Nature Of The University And What It Means For Nursing Education - La Nature De L’Université Et Ses Implications Pour La Formation En Sciences Infirmières, Jacinthe I. Pepin, Florence Myrick Oct 2018

On The Nature Of The University And What It Means For Nursing Education - La Nature De L’Université Et Ses Implications Pour La Formation En Sciences Infirmières, Jacinthe I. Pepin, Florence Myrick

Quality Advancement in Nursing Education - Avancées en formation infirmière

No abstract provided.


Fresh Express, Timothy Skill, Alaina Mclhenney, Minji Hong, Chinmay Joshi, Witali Brianzew, Abby Garrity, Taegun Park Sep 2018

Fresh Express, Timothy Skill, Alaina Mclhenney, Minji Hong, Chinmay Joshi, Witali Brianzew, Abby Garrity, Taegun Park

Nexus Maximus

Our project culminated with the decision to create Fresh Express. We began the project searching to find the best way to help end food insecurity in Philadelphia but specifically in Center City. Our food truck solution will help to create a healthier lifestyle for those directly in Center City and eventually throughout all of Philadelphia.

Nexus Maximus V

The 2018 Challenge: "Improving Lives Through Healthy Communities" Teams will evaluate and seek innovation that supports the health and well-being of specific local community populations. The team’s project work will be supplemented with workshops on innovation, entrepreneurship, and content relevant to ...


Lnp Mediators For Posterity, Yinelia De La Cruz, Stephen Adasonla, Kieara Martin, Yi Soo Hahm, Jaymi Phillips, Holly Spring Sep 2018

Lnp Mediators For Posterity, Yinelia De La Cruz, Stephen Adasonla, Kieara Martin, Yi Soo Hahm, Jaymi Phillips, Holly Spring

Nexus Maximus

We have decided to tackle substance abuse in Lower North Philadelphia by eliminating the stigma around mental health in low income communities. By preventing drug usage in teen and young adult mental awareness, we can combat issues like suicide and the opioid epidemic. Using mediators by partnering with university students we can offer positive role models into the school system, while also offering internships and residency opportunities.

Nexus Maximus V

The 2018 Challenge: "Improving Lives Through Healthy Communities" Teams will evaluate and seek innovation that supports the health and well-being of specific local community populations. The team’s project work ...


Phil Like Playing?, José Ignacio Saavedra, Amanda &. Alanoud, Louise Gamble, Maureen Sledge Sep 2018

Phil Like Playing?, José Ignacio Saavedra, Amanda &. Alanoud, Louise Gamble, Maureen Sledge

Nexus Maximus

Through researching issues within central Philadelphia we decided we need to improve the health and overall well-being of the community members. In doing this we found that within the Center City, 56.3% of the population are made up of single adults, with the majority living alone.

They also have 65.8% of the population working in white collar jobs. These situations consist of long working hours which decrease the percentage in social interaction. This can also lead to other issues such as mental health, where stress levels are high.

Our solution to combat the problem is to create a ...


Champ: Choosing Healthy Active Moving Play, Melanie Goldstein, Mica Lai, Omri Faroul, Valerie Leonard, Caroline Mccarthy, Suki Ghumman Sep 2018

Champ: Choosing Healthy Active Moving Play, Melanie Goldstein, Mica Lai, Omri Faroul, Valerie Leonard, Caroline Mccarthy, Suki Ghumman

Nexus Maximus

CHAMP is an afterschool program to get kids to become more active and healthy. The money raised will be used to fix the playground and make the area safer for children to play.

Nexus Maximus V

The 2018 Challenge: "Improving Lives Through Healthy Communities" Teams will evaluate and seek innovation that supports the health and well-being of specific local community populations. The team’s project work will be supplemented with workshops on innovation, entrepreneurship, and content relevant to the theme, delivered by experts throughout the weekend.

Teams will also explore opportunities to leverage that data in meaningful ways that benefit ...


Track My Trip, Katie Taylor, Charlotte Calderwood, Anish Bachu, Chase Fike, Danielle Samson Sep 2018

Track My Trip, Katie Taylor, Charlotte Calderwood, Anish Bachu, Chase Fike, Danielle Samson

Nexus Maximus

We came up with a smart phone app to promote more physical activity which incorporates a reward scheme. This in turn helps to benefit local businesses.

Nexus Maximus V

The 2018 Challenge: "Improving Lives Through Healthy Communities" Teams will evaluate and seek innovation that supports the health and well-being of specific local community populations. The team’s project work will be supplemented with workshops on innovation, entrepreneurship, and content relevant to the theme, delivered by experts throughout the weekend.

Teams will also explore opportunities to leverage that data in meaningful ways that benefit and protect individuals and society. The team ...


Setting The Stage: Reviewing Current Knowledge On The Health Of New Zealand Immigrants—An Integrative Review, Blessing Kanengoni, Sari Andajani-Sutjahjo, Eleanor Holroyd Aug 2018

Setting The Stage: Reviewing Current Knowledge On The Health Of New Zealand Immigrants—An Integrative Review, Blessing Kanengoni, Sari Andajani-Sutjahjo, Eleanor Holroyd

School of Nursing & Midwifery, East Africa

The growth of migrant communities continues to rise globally, creating unique and complex health challenges. Literature on immigrant health in New Zealand (NZ) remains scant. This integrative literature review was conducted drawing on peer-reviewed research articles on immigrant health in NZ published between 2012 and 2018. The objectives were to: (i) provide a critical overview of immigrant health in NZ; (ii) identify general trends in health research conducted in NZ on immigrants; (iii) compare, contrast, and evaluate the quality of the information; (iv) develop a summary of research results and; (v) identify priorities and recommendations for future research. A search ...


Women’S Leadership In Asian Culture, Eun-Ok Im, Marion Broome Aug 2018

Women’S Leadership In Asian Culture, Eun-Ok Im, Marion Broome

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

No abstract (this is an editorial for the special issue on Asian Women's Leadership in Nursing).


Alternative Financial Services And Health Status In U.S. Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Courtney Hundley, Richard W. Wilson 8520196, John Chenault Aug 2018

Alternative Financial Services And Health Status In U.S. Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Courtney Hundley, Richard W. Wilson 8520196, John Chenault

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Abstract

Alternative financial services (AFS) such as, payday lenders, pawn brokers, tax refund loans, and check cashers are more prevalent in minority and lower income neighborhoods. These are neighborhoods also found to have disparities in health, compared to more affluent neighborhoods and communities. The focus of this paper is to determine if any relationship exists between use of AFS and health disparities.

Using data from a survey performed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), we compared four banking variables to several measures of health for 85 metropolitan statistical areas (MSA) across the nation. The four banking variables all related ...


Health Care Referrals Out Of The Shadows: Recognizing The Looming Threat Of The Texas Patient Solicitation Act And Other Illegal Remuneration Statutes, Trenton Brown Aug 2018

Health Care Referrals Out Of The Shadows: Recognizing The Looming Threat Of The Texas Patient Solicitation Act And Other Illegal Remuneration Statutes, Trenton Brown

St. Mary's Law Journal

Abstract forthcoming


Social Determinants Of Health And A Grounded Mixed-Methods Approach To Explain Declining Life Expectancy In Eastern Kentucky : 1980 – 2014., William Renda Aug 2018

Social Determinants Of Health And A Grounded Mixed-Methods Approach To Explain Declining Life Expectancy In Eastern Kentucky : 1980 – 2014., William Renda

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Trends in life expectancy for the United States from 1980-2014 suggest general improvement overall. However, eastern Kentucky stands out with a cluster of counties experiencing declining life expectancy. Given that life expectancy is an excepted indicator of overall population health, this anomaly in eastern Kentucky warrants investigation. This thesis uses a grounded mixed methods approach to explore this trend across the greater Appalachian region. Content and discourse analysis of interviews with public health and medical professionals in the study area revealed key themes perceived as being related to declining life expectancy, which informed variable selection for regression analysis. Regression models ...


Hospital Librarians: Training The Next Generation Of Doctors, Heather J. Martin Jul 2018

Hospital Librarians: Training The Next Generation Of Doctors, Heather J. Martin

OLA Quarterly

Hospital librarians address a wide array of information needs. They help nurses figure out how to take care of patients, help physicians with difficult cases, help families get reliable health information, and sometimes the information they provide even helps save a life. They also play an important role in training the next generation of doctors. At one hospital in Oregon, Providence St. Joseph Health System Library Services has integrated traditional library instruction directly into the curriculum of the Internal Medicine Residency Program.

Providence St. Joseph Health (PSJH) System Library Services has a staff of 16 librarians and library paraprofessionals dedicated ...


Nonlinear Associations Between Working Hours And Overwork-Related Cerebrovascular And Cardiovascular Diseases (Ccvd), Ro-Ting Lin, Lung-Chang Chien, Ichiro Kawachi Jun 2018

Nonlinear Associations Between Working Hours And Overwork-Related Cerebrovascular And Cardiovascular Diseases (Ccvd), Ro-Ting Lin, Lung-Chang Chien, Ichiro Kawachi

Community Health Sciences Faculty Publications

Long working hours are recognized as a risk factor for cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases (CCVD). We investigated the relationship between working hours and different CCVD severity outcomes—death, disability, and illness—across industries in Taiwan from 2006 to 2016. We applied a generalized additive mixed model to estimate the association between working hours and the rate of each severity outcome, adjusted for salary, unemployment rate, time, and a random intercept. Industry-average working hours were significantly associated with each outcome level of overwork-related CCVD, especially when monthly working hours increased from 169 (relative risk [RR] = 1.46, 95% confidence interval [CI ...


Rates Of Developmental And Behavioral Screening Of Young Children: Implications For Health Care Policy And Practice, Shirley Berger May 2018

Rates Of Developmental And Behavioral Screening Of Young Children: Implications For Health Care Policy And Practice, Shirley Berger

Dissertations and Theses

Background: The skills and capacities developed during early childhood are the foundation for a child’s future academic functioning, economic productivity, and lifelong health and mental health. When young children have developmental delays or disabilities, early identification and intervention lead to better outcomes; however, only a minority are identified before school entry. Primary care is an important setting for identification of developmental and behavioral conditions as most young children attend well-child visits regularly and parents expect developmental guidance from pediatricians. Two key pediatric preventive services are recommended: developmental monitoring/surveillance at every well-child visit and developmental screening at 9 months ...


College Of Public Health News, Georgia Southern University May 2018

College Of Public Health News, Georgia Southern University

Public Health, Jiann-Ping Hsu College of - News

  • Leadership for Health Professionals: Theory, Skills, and Applications.


Design Of A Distributed Real-Time E-Health Cyber Ecosystem With Collective Actions: Diagnosis, Dynamic Queueing, And Decision Making, Yanlin Zhou May 2018

Design Of A Distributed Real-Time E-Health Cyber Ecosystem With Collective Actions: Diagnosis, Dynamic Queueing, And Decision Making, Yanlin Zhou

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

In this thesis, we develop a framework for E-health Cyber Ecosystems, and look into different involved actors. The three interested parties in the ecosystem including patients, doctors, and healthcare providers are discussed in 3 different phases. In Phase 1, machine-learning based modeling and simulation analysis is performed to remotely predict a patient's risk level of having heart diseases in real time. In Phase 2, an online dynamic queueing model is devised to pair doctors with patients having high risk levels (diagnosed in Phase 1) to confirm the risk, and provide help. In Phase 3, a decision making paradigm is ...


College Of Public Health News, Georgia Southern University May 2018

College Of Public Health News, Georgia Southern University

Public Health, Jiann-Ping Hsu College of - News

  • JPHCOPH Students Present at The Eagle Showcase: Excellence in Service- Learning
  • Georgia Southern Examines LHDs Role in Nonprofit Hospitals’ Community Health Needs Assessment
  • Georgia Southern Participates in an international study to search for a common molecular indicator of microbial pollution in global waters


Household Financial Assets Inequity And Health Disparities Among Young Adults: Evidence From The National Longitudinal Study Of Adolescent To Adult Health, Shiyou Wu, Xiafei Wang, Qi Wu, Kathleen Mullan Harris May 2018

Household Financial Assets Inequity And Health Disparities Among Young Adults: Evidence From The National Longitudinal Study Of Adolescent To Adult Health, Shiyou Wu, Xiafei Wang, Qi Wu, Kathleen Mullan Harris

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Introduction: Research has established a strong relationship between financial resources and health outcomes. Yet, little is known about the effects of assets disparities on health outcomes, especially during the critical period when adolescents transition to adults.

Methods: Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (n = 10,861), this study investigated the relationships between three household total assets value groups (low, moderate, and high assets) and three net worth groups (negative, neutral, and positive) on young adults’ general health, obese, and depression.

Results: Both assets and debts were related to young adults’ health status, young adults ...


Just Wrestle: How We Evolved Through Rough And Tumble Play, Rafe Kelley, Beth Kelley May 2018

Just Wrestle: How We Evolved Through Rough And Tumble Play, Rafe Kelley, Beth Kelley

Journal of Evolution and Health

No abstract provided.


Animal Agriculture And American Health: The Search For Sustainable Protein, Britta Brinkmann May 2018

Animal Agriculture And American Health: The Search For Sustainable Protein, Britta Brinkmann

Biology: Student Scholarship & Creative Works

This study examines the impact large-scale animal agriculture has on the environment. It links the environment and health. The goal is to find protein sources that are sustainable and nutritious in order to replace typical meat and dairy products. A study is proposed to measure the impact of the typical American diet, a vegan diet, an insect-supplemented diet and a diet heavy in seafood.


Racial Inequality Of United States Health Care, Brooke Marcus May 2018

Racial Inequality Of United States Health Care, Brooke Marcus

Honors Theses AY 17/18

Race is a deeply ingrained part of society, impacting all aspects of a person’s life including health care. In the United States, a person of minority status is more likely to live a sicker and shorter life compared to a Caucasian American. There has never been a time, in the history of the country, that the health status of minorities has been equal to that of Caucasians (Geiger, 2003; Byrd and Clayton, 2000; National Center of Health Statistics, 2003). Minorities live six years shorter than a person of the social majority born at the same time in the same ...


United Wellness: Health Promotion At The University Of Wyoming, Nathan Raska May 2018

United Wellness: Health Promotion At The University Of Wyoming, Nathan Raska

Honors Theses AY 17/18

The GetFRUVED Project; a USDA approved joint research opportunity evaluating over 90 academic institutions throughout the United States, was designed to assess the health and wellness status of campus environments. Of those institutions included, the University of Wyoming was selected to serve as a Control Site, with collected data focused on the evaluation of the health facilitation resources it offers. To accomplish this, two methods of research were utilized including 1) an initial survey and 2) a subsequent audit series. Entitled the “Health, Fitness and Wellness Survey”, this initial assessment, designed by the GetFRUVED research team, was distributed across campus ...


Should Doctors Take Into Account Human Races? A Medical Ethics Approach, Gabriel Andrade May 2018

Should Doctors Take Into Account Human Races? A Medical Ethics Approach, Gabriel Andrade

Online Journal of Health Ethics

Racial discrimination has some very harmful social effects. But, can discrimination in medicine lead to good outcomes? This is an emerging question in medical ethics. It is undoubtedly true that some individuals are more genetically prone to some diseases than others. But, we should not rush to judgment, and believe that race may be a good guide in order to discover what diseases an individual is more susceptible to. Illnesses such as sickle cell-anemia and Tay Sachs disease have long been thought to have a racial correspondence. This is in fact not true. There have also been attempts to prescribe ...


A Change Of Heart: Internal Narratives, Forgiveness & Health, Keiko Ehret May 2018

A Change Of Heart: Internal Narratives, Forgiveness & Health, Keiko Ehret

Master's Theses and Capstone Projects

In this thesis I investigate the interconnectedness of forgiveness as a narrative, as a philosophical, religious and cultural phenomenon, and the ways in which forgiveness is increasingly being used as a vehicle for improving health and psychological well-being. By threading together how scholars in a variety of fields have approached these areas of study, we can better understand the way the interdisciplinary nature of forgiveness grants access to heal not merely relationships with others, but also our bodies, our minds, and our relationship with ourselves.

Important to my investigation is understanding that the life circumstances that prompt forgiveness consist of ...


College Of Public Health News, Georgia Southern University Apr 2018

College Of Public Health News, Georgia Southern University

Public Health, Jiann-Ping Hsu College of - News

  • Georgia Southern Examines the Impact of Tides on Microbial Water Quality
  • Georgia Southern Investigates Asymptotic Properties of Kernel Density Mode Based Estimation using RSS


Nurses' Health And Professional Quality Of Life, Deborah Amason Apr 2018

Nurses' Health And Professional Quality Of Life, Deborah Amason

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Translational and Clinical Research Projects

Nurse's Health and Professional Quality of Life

Abstract

This study investigated relationships between general health (GH), professional quality of life (PQL) and perceived stress (PS) of nurses at a 382-bed southeastern hospital.

Background: Several studies showed that GH and PQL are associated. The health, quality of life, and perceived stress of nurses was a growing concern in the hospital. Nurse leaders needed data to inform evidence-based efforts to promote nurse health and improve quality of life while reducing stress.

Design: This cross-sectional correlation study measured GH, PQL, and PS using four validated and reliable instruments: The Medical Outcomes Short ...