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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

U.S. Nitrile Glove Shortage In A Humanitarian Crisis: Inmogeia Technologies Inc., Connor Bandar May 2021

U.S. Nitrile Glove Shortage In A Humanitarian Crisis: Inmogeia Technologies Inc., Connor Bandar

Healthcare Studies Pre-Professional Day

The COVID-19 pandemic has impeded the global supply of nitrile gloves, causing mass shortages, scams, fraud, and chaos. The nitrile glove shortage has presented the U.S. with a humanitarian crisis. U.S. hospitals, nursing homes, dental practices, first responders, the entire healthcare system is in peril. Health workers are scared to provide care because they lack the necessary protective nitrile gloves. The U.S. reliance on importation of nitrile gloves has left the nation susceptible, and victim too, the major portion of global fraud and scams. The COVID-19 pandemic, combined with deficient domestic manufacturing, and lacking federal guidance has ...


Prenatal Dietary Education, Using The Midwifery Model, In Ireland Vs The United States, Allison Erby May 2021

Prenatal Dietary Education, Using The Midwifery Model, In Ireland Vs The United States, Allison Erby

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

Prenatal dietary education is a very important component of care in healthy pregnancies, but more than that, dietary education can be an indicator of the value a healthcare provider places on holistic care or preventive medicine. The United States and Ireland are compared in this study because they represent high intervention vs. low intervention approaches, respectively, to obstetric care. Healthcare professionals from the United States and Ireland perceive the most important nutrients and method of receiving those differently. Maybe the most telling contrast, healthcare professionals in Ireland perceive food as the way pregnant women should receive vital nutrients, but healthcare ...


Tiny Tusks Internship And Electronic Application Use Among Breastfeeding Mothers, Amanda Herman May 2021

Tiny Tusks Internship And Electronic Application Use Among Breastfeeding Mothers, Amanda Herman

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

The United States (U.S.) lags behind most of the world in terms of breastfeeding rates despite all the research supporting the numerous benefits for both mother and baby. That said, the majority of the U.S. population also utilizes mobile health and internet for information on health illnesses and promotion. This paper synthesizes available statistics concerning mobile application usage and breastfeeding mothers. The objective was to determine why apps are utilized, general opinions of the apps, and the benefits and drawbacks of using such technology.


Racial Disparities In Maternal Mortality In The United States: A Systematic Literature Review, Alexandria J. Lamie, Samantha F. Ehrlich May 2021

Racial Disparities In Maternal Mortality In The United States: A Systematic Literature Review, Alexandria J. Lamie, Samantha F. Ehrlich

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Physician Wellness Interventions And Distress Assessment During The Coronavirus Pandemic, Kimberly M. Robertello, Karen M. Dahl, Raed Khoury, David Christensen Apr 2021

Physician Wellness Interventions And Distress Assessment During The Coronavirus Pandemic, Kimberly M. Robertello, Karen M. Dahl, Raed Khoury, David Christensen

Journal of Wellness

Introduction: Physician burnout and interventions to decrease physician burnout on organizational and individual levels have been theorized and implemented. The Coronavirus pandemic has increased the need to continue physician burnout assessment and increase wellness programming. Few studies have had the opportunity to address physician wellness amidst the Coronavirus pandemic using the strategy of multi-dimensional interventions. The purpose of this study is to document interventions to reduce burnout and stress among physicians during the Coronavirus pandemic while assessing overall physician distress and well-being.

Methods: A cohort study of 304 pediatric physicians at a large healthcare organization in the United States was ...


Save The Rich, Connor Harris Apr 2021

Save The Rich, Connor Harris

English Department: Research for Change - Wicked Problems in Our World

The problem of medication pricing and lobbying in the healthcare industry has caused millions of people within the United States to not be able to afford medications essential to their lives. Pharmaceutical companies are taking advantage of the need people have for certain drugs by setting the sale price far higher than it costs to produce. My suggested solution is to make lobbying illegal in the United States so that pharmaceutical companies would not have control over government officials who pass laws to help or hurt the issue of medication pricing. Illegalizing government lobbying will take away the incentive politicians ...


Limitations And Consequences Of Migrant And Refugee Healthcare- An Analysis Of The Current State Of Migrant Health, Meghan Herilla Apr 2021

Limitations And Consequences Of Migrant And Refugee Healthcare- An Analysis Of The Current State Of Migrant Health, Meghan Herilla

Senior Theses

Migrants and refugees are an often-neglected specialized population in the field of healthcare, although making up over 14% of the world’s population.

The following paper examines the current state of migrant healthcare, including but not limited to ease of access, quality of care, and the accompanying stigmatization of immigrants in general. It then analyzes current policies, both national and global, influencing the healthcare of immigrants in both the United States and abroad. Finally, a comparison of migrant healthcare in the United States versus Thailand shows how the current U.S. healthcare system can be improved to better accommodate migrants ...


Perspectives On Self-Managed Abortion Among Providers In Hospitals Along The Texas– Mexico Border, Sarah Raifman, Sarah E. Baum, Kari White, Kristine Hopkins, Tony Ogburn, Daniel Grossman Mar 2021

Perspectives On Self-Managed Abortion Among Providers In Hospitals Along The Texas– Mexico Border, Sarah Raifman, Sarah E. Baum, Kari White, Kristine Hopkins, Tony Ogburn, Daniel Grossman

School of Medicine Publications and Presentations

Background

Following self-managed abortion (SMA), or a pregnancy termination attempt outside of the formal health system, some patients may seek care in an emergency department. Information about provider experiences treating these patients in hospital settings on the Texas-Mexico border is lacking.

Methods

The study team conducted semi-structured interviews with physicians, advanced practice clinicians, and nurses who had experience with patients presenting with early pregnancy complications in emergency and/or labor and delivery departments in five hospitals near the Texas-Mexico border. Interview questions focused on respondents’ roles at the hospital, knowledge of abortion services and laws, perspectives on SMA trends, experiences ...


Prevalence And Characteristics Of Self-Reported Hypothyroidism And Its Association With Nonorgan-Specific Manifestations In Us Sarcoidosis Patients: A Nationwide Registry Study, Bashar N. Alzghoul, Farah N. Amer, Diana Barb, Ayoub Innabi, Mamoun T. Mardini, Chen Bai, Bara Alzghoul, Tamara Al-Hakim, Noopur Singh, Mindy Buchanan, Leslie Serchuck, Diana Gomez Manjarres, Whitney W. Woodmansee, Lisa A. Maier, Divya C. Patel Mar 2021

Prevalence And Characteristics Of Self-Reported Hypothyroidism And Its Association With Nonorgan-Specific Manifestations In Us Sarcoidosis Patients: A Nationwide Registry Study, Bashar N. Alzghoul, Farah N. Amer, Diana Barb, Ayoub Innabi, Mamoun T. Mardini, Chen Bai, Bara Alzghoul, Tamara Al-Hakim, Noopur Singh, Mindy Buchanan, Leslie Serchuck, Diana Gomez Manjarres, Whitney W. Woodmansee, Lisa A. Maier, Divya C. Patel

Internal Medicine Faculty Publications

Little is known about the prevalence, clinical characteristics and impact of hypothyroidism in patients with sarcoidosis. We aimed to determine the prevalence and clinical features of hypothyroidism and its relation to organ involvement and other clinical manifestations in patients with sarcoidosis.

We conducted a national registry-based study investigating 3835 respondents to the Sarcoidosis Advanced Registry for Cures Questionnaire between June 2014 and August 2019. This registry is based on a self-reported, web-based questionnaire that provides data related to demographics, diagnostics, sarcoidosis manifestations and treatment. We compared sarcoidosis patients with and without self-reported hypothyroidism. We used multivariable logistic regression and adjusted ...


Injury Rates In Major League Baseball During The 2020 Covid-19 Season, Brooks N. Platt, Timothy L. Uhl, Aaron D. Sciascia, Anthony J. Zacharias, Nicole G. Lemaster, Austin V. Stone Mar 2021

Injury Rates In Major League Baseball During The 2020 Covid-19 Season, Brooks N. Platt, Timothy L. Uhl, Aaron D. Sciascia, Anthony J. Zacharias, Nicole G. Lemaster, Austin V. Stone

Physical Therapy Faculty Publications

Background: The 2020 Major League Baseball (MLB) season was drastically altered because of the COVID-19 pandemic. The changes included an extended layoff between March and July as well as a shortened preseason.

Purpose/Hypothesis: To determine the incidence and epidemiology of MLB injuries in the abbreviated 2020 season compared with prior seasons. We hypothesized that there was an increase in the overall injury rate in the 2020 season compared with the 2018-2019 seasons and that it equally affected all body regions.

Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study.

Methods: The MLB transactions database was queried to find players who had been placed ...


Effects Of Combining Meditation Techniques On Short-Term Memory, Attention, And Affect In Healthy College Students., Samani Unnata Pragya, Neelam D Mehta, Bassam Abomoelak, Parvin Uddin, Pushya Veeramachaneni, Naina Mehta, Stephanie Moore, Melissa Jean-Francois, Stephanie Garcia, Samani Chaitanya Pragya, Devendra I Mehta Mar 2021

Effects Of Combining Meditation Techniques On Short-Term Memory, Attention, And Affect In Healthy College Students., Samani Unnata Pragya, Neelam D Mehta, Bassam Abomoelak, Parvin Uddin, Pushya Veeramachaneni, Naina Mehta, Stephanie Moore, Melissa Jean-Francois, Stephanie Garcia, Samani Chaitanya Pragya, Devendra I Mehta

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Meditation refers to a family of self-regulation practices that focuses on training attention and awareness to foster psycho-emotional well-being and to develop specific capacities such as calmness, clarity, and concentration. We report a prospective convenience-controlled study in which we analyzed the effect of two components of Preksha Dhyāna – buzzing bee sound meditation (Mahapran dhvani) and color meditation (leśyā dhyāna) on healthy college students. Mahapran and leśya dhyāna are two Preksha Dhyāna practices that are based on sound and green color, respectively. The study population represents a suitable target as college students experience different stress factors during the school year. This ...


Understanding African Americans' Beliefs, Knowledge, Attitudes And Behaviors Regarding High Blood Pressure And Their Use Of Home Remedies As Treatment, Elisa Douglas Feb 2021

Understanding African Americans' Beliefs, Knowledge, Attitudes And Behaviors Regarding High Blood Pressure And Their Use Of Home Remedies As Treatment, Elisa Douglas

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

ABSTRACT

Understanding African Americans’ Beliefs, Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviors Regarding High Blood Pressure and Their Use of Home Remedies as Treatment

Elisa E. Douglas

Seton Hall University, 2021

Dissertation Chair: Dr. Deborah DeLuca, J.D., MS

Background and Purpose of the Study: African Americans have the highest prevalence of high blood pressure (HBP) in the United States but the lowest blood pressure (BP) control rates of any major race/ ethnic group. Only about 45% of those who use drugs to treat the condition have been able to attain BP control. Over 40% of African Americans are affected by HBP. African ...


Disparities In Sars-Cov-2 Positivity Rates: Associations With Race And Ethnicity, Harvey W Kaufman, Justin K Niles, David B. Nash Feb 2021

Disparities In Sars-Cov-2 Positivity Rates: Associations With Race And Ethnicity, Harvey W Kaufman, Justin K Niles, David B. Nash

College of Population Health Faculty Papers

Numerous reports indicate that African Americans and Latinos are being affected disproportionately by coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Positivity rates have not been analyzed on scale because only 4 states report race/ethnicity as part of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) testing. Previous studies also have had little ability to control for many known risk factors to better identify the effects of COVID-19 on racial and ethnic communities. Using test results from a large national reference laboratory database that included patients from all 50 states and the District of Columbia, this study compared positivity rates for SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid ...


Clinical Performance Of The Point-Of-Care Cobas Liat For Detection Of Sars-Cov-2 In 20 Minutes: A Multicenter Study., Glen Hansen, Jamie Marino, Zi-Xuan Wang, Kathleen G Beavis, John Rodrigo, Kylie Labog, Lars F Westblade, Run Jin, Nedra Love, Karen Ding, Sachin Garg, Alan Huang, Joanna Sickler, Nam K Tran Jan 2021

Clinical Performance Of The Point-Of-Care Cobas Liat For Detection Of Sars-Cov-2 In 20 Minutes: A Multicenter Study., Glen Hansen, Jamie Marino, Zi-Xuan Wang, Kathleen G Beavis, John Rodrigo, Kylie Labog, Lars F Westblade, Run Jin, Nedra Love, Karen Ding, Sachin Garg, Alan Huang, Joanna Sickler, Nam K Tran

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Highly accurate testing for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) at the point of care (POC) is an unmet diagnostic need in emergency care and time-sensitive outpatient care settings. Reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) technology is the gold standard for SARS-CoV-2 diagnostics. We performed a multisite U.S. study comparing the clinical performance of the first U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-authorized POC RT-PCR for detection of SARS-CoV-2 in 20 min, the cobas Liat SARS-CoV-2 and influenza A/B nucleic acid test, to the most widely used RT-PCR laboratory test, the cobas 68/8800 SARS-CoV-2 test. Clinical nasopharyngeal swab ...


The Impacts Of Health Insurance On The Uninsured And Underinsured, Isabela Camayd Jan 2021

The Impacts Of Health Insurance On The Uninsured And Underinsured, Isabela Camayd

Student Research Poster Presentations 2021

In the United States the American healthcare is constantly up for debate, it seems to only be aimed towards individuals who can afford insurance. Those individuals who can afford insurance must have a full-time or part time job to obtain the benefits from the employer. For those individuals who are underinsured and uninsured there could be endless reasons holding them from obtaining their own insurance, private insurance, company insurance and many others. There are a few organizations in place to help those who are in need of insurance such as, the Affordable Care Act, Medicare and, Medicaid.


Interchangeability Of Biosimilars: What Level Of Clinical Evidence Is Needed To Support The Interchangeability Designation In The United States, Daniel F. Alvarez, Gertjan Wolbink, Carol Cronenberger, John Orazem, Jonathan Kay Dec 2020

Interchangeability Of Biosimilars: What Level Of Clinical Evidence Is Needed To Support The Interchangeability Designation In The United States, Daniel F. Alvarez, Gertjan Wolbink, Carol Cronenberger, John Orazem, Jonathan Kay

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

A biosimilar is a biologic drug that is "highly similar to a reference (originator) product, with no clinically meaningful differences between the two products in safety, purity, and potency". Regulatory approval of a biosimilar is based on analytical, structural, and functional comparisons with the reference product, comparative nonclinical (in vivo) studies, clinical pharmacokinetics and/or pharmacodynamics, and immunogenicity. In addition, comparative clinical efficacy and safety assessments are usually conducted and, taken together, comprise the "totality of the evidence" supporting biosimilarity. For a biosimilar to meet the additional designation of interchangeability in the United States (US), the applicant must demonstrate that ...


Addressing Health Disparities In The Rural United States: Advocacy As Caregiving Among Community Health Workers And Promotores De Salud, Ryan I Logan, Heide Castañeda Dec 2020

Addressing Health Disparities In The Rural United States: Advocacy As Caregiving Among Community Health Workers And Promotores De Salud, Ryan I Logan, Heide Castañeda

USF Libraries Florida COVID Research Collection publications

Rural populations in the United States are faced with a variety of health disparities that complicate access to care. Community health workers (CHWs) and their Spanish-speaking counterparts, promotores de salud, are well-equipped to address rural health access issues, provide education, and ultimately assuage these disparities. In this article, we compare community health workers in the states of Indiana and Texas, based on the results of two separate research studies, in order to (1) investigate the unique role of CHWs in rural communities and (2) understand how their advocacy efforts represent a central form of caregiving. Drawing on ethnographic, qualitative data ...


Disproportionate Impact Of Covid-19 Pandemic On Racial And Ethnic Minorities, Brad Boserup, Mark Mckenney, Adel Elkbuli Dec 2020

Disproportionate Impact Of Covid-19 Pandemic On Racial And Ethnic Minorities, Brad Boserup, Mark Mckenney, Adel Elkbuli

USF Libraries Florida COVID Research Collection publications

Background: Health disparities are prevalent in many areas of medicine. We aimed to investigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on racial/ethnic groups in the United States (US) and to assess the effects of social distancing, social vulnerability metrics, and medical disparities.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted utilizing data from the COVID-19 Tracking Project and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Demographic data were obtained from the US Census Bureau, social vulnerability data were obtained from the CDC, social distancing data were obtained from Unacast, and medical disparities data from the Center for Medicare and Medicaid ...


Clinical Presentation Of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) In Pregnant And Recently Pregnant People., Yalda Afshar, Stephanie L Gaw, Valerie J Flaherman, Brittany D Chambers, Deborah Krakow, Vincenzo Berghella, Alireza A Shamshirsaz, Adeline A Boatin, Grace Aldrovandi, Andrea Greiner, Laura Riley, W John Boscardin, Denise J Jamieson, Vanessa L Jacoby Dec 2020

Clinical Presentation Of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) In Pregnant And Recently Pregnant People., Yalda Afshar, Stephanie L Gaw, Valerie J Flaherman, Brittany D Chambers, Deborah Krakow, Vincenzo Berghella, Alireza A Shamshirsaz, Adeline A Boatin, Grace Aldrovandi, Andrea Greiner, Laura Riley, W John Boscardin, Denise J Jamieson, Vanessa L Jacoby

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Papers

OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical presentation, symptomology, and disease course of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in pregnancy.

METHODS: The PRIORITY (Pregnancy CoRonavIrus Outcomes RegIsTrY) study is an ongoing nationwide prospective cohort study of people in the United States who are pregnant or up to 6 weeks postpregnancy with known or suspected severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. We analyzed the clinical presentation and disease course of COVID-19 in participants who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 infection and reported symptoms at the time of testing.

RESULTS: Of 991 participants enrolled from March 22, 2020, until July 10, 2020, 736 had ...


Increasing Antibiotic Resistance In Shigella Bacteria In The United States, William J. Pharr Nov 2020

Increasing Antibiotic Resistance In Shigella Bacteria In The United States, William J. Pharr

The Corinthian

Shigella bacteria cause half a million infections, 6,000 hospitalizations, and 70 deaths annually in the United States. These bacteria are of particular concern due to their high survivability, low infectious dose, and high adaptability. Cases of shigellosis from Shigella sonnei are becoming a more prevalent issue in the U.S. as the bacteria continues to develop higher resistance to today’s strongest antibiotics. Much of this resistance is connected to the exchange of genes between strains of Shigella due to insertion sequences (IS), intercontinental travel, and men who have sex with men (MSM). As a result of increased resistance ...


The Protection Of Children And Their Rights: A Comparison Between The United States And Costa Rica, Abigail Rothweiler Nov 2020

The Protection Of Children And Their Rights: A Comparison Between The United States And Costa Rica, Abigail Rothweiler

Undergraduate Research Symposium

No abstract provided.


Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Infections In Children: Multicenter Surveillance, United States, January-March 2020., Brian Rha, Joana Y. Lively, Janet A. Englund, Mary A. Staat, Geoffrey A. Weinberg, Rangaraj Selvarangan, Natasha B. Halasa, John V. Williams, Julie A. Boom, Leila C. Sahni, Marian G. Michaels, Laura S. Stewart, Christopher J. Harrison, Peter G. Szilagyi, Monica M. Mcneal, Eileen J. Klein, Bonnie Strelitz, Kirsten Lacombe, Elizabeth Schlaudecker, Mary Moffatt, Jennifer E. Schuster, Barbara A. Pahud, Gina Weddle, Robert W. Hickey, Vasanthi Avadhanula, Mary E. Wikswo, Aron J. Hall, Aaron T. Curns, Susan I. Gerber, Gayle Langley Nov 2020

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Infections In Children: Multicenter Surveillance, United States, January-March 2020., Brian Rha, Joana Y. Lively, Janet A. Englund, Mary A. Staat, Geoffrey A. Weinberg, Rangaraj Selvarangan, Natasha B. Halasa, John V. Williams, Julie A. Boom, Leila C. Sahni, Marian G. Michaels, Laura S. Stewart, Christopher J. Harrison, Peter G. Szilagyi, Monica M. Mcneal, Eileen J. Klein, Bonnie Strelitz, Kirsten Lacombe, Elizabeth Schlaudecker, Mary Moffatt, Jennifer E. Schuster, Barbara A. Pahud, Gina Weddle, Robert W. Hickey, Vasanthi Avadhanula, Mary E. Wikswo, Aron J. Hall, Aaron T. Curns, Susan I. Gerber, Gayle Langley

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Previous reports of coronavirus disease 2019 among children in the United States have been based on health jurisdiction reporting. We performed severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) testing on children enrolled in active, prospective, multicenter surveillance during January-March 2020. Among 3187 children, only 4 (0.1%) SARS-CoV-2-positive cases were identified March 20-31 despite evidence of rising community circulation.


How Parents And Their Children Used Social Media And Technology At The Beginning Of The Covid-19 Pandemic And Associations With Anxiety., Michelle Drouin, Brandon T. Mcdaniel Phd, Jessica Pater, Tammy Toscos Phd Nov 2020

How Parents And Their Children Used Social Media And Technology At The Beginning Of The Covid-19 Pandemic And Associations With Anxiety., Michelle Drouin, Brandon T. Mcdaniel Phd, Jessica Pater, Tammy Toscos Phd

Health Services and Informatics Research

In this study, we examined parents' (n = 260) perceptions of their own and their children's use of social media and other types of communication technologies in the beginning stages of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) related sanctions (e.g., social distancing) in the United States. We also examined associations between social media and technology use and anxiety. On average, parents reported that both they and their children (especially teenagers aged 13-18) had increased technology and social media use since the beginning of social distancing. Moreover, even after controlling for demographic factors, structural equation models showed that parents and children with ...


Risky Substance Use Behaviors Among Adolescents Residing In Non-Metropolitan And Metropolitan Counties In The United States, 2017-2018, Tyrone F. Borders, Michael D. Singleton, Katherine Youngen Nov 2020

Risky Substance Use Behaviors Among Adolescents Residing In Non-Metropolitan And Metropolitan Counties In The United States, 2017-2018, Tyrone F. Borders, Michael D. Singleton, Katherine Youngen

Rural & Underserved Health Research Center Publications

Overview of Key Findings

Tobacco Use. The prevalence of any past year tobacco use was significantly higher among non-metropolitan than metropolitan adolescents (13.9% vs. 8.3%). Daily cigarette use in the past 30 days was more than 3 times more prevalent among non-metropolitan than metropolitan adolescents (1.0% vs. 0.3%) and the difference was also statistically significant.

Alcohol Use. Alcohol was the most commonly used substance among both non-metropolitan and metropolitan adolescents, although the differences in prevalence rates for past year and past 30-day alcohol use were not statistically significant. In the past year, 21.8% of non-metropolitan ...


Risky Substance Use Behaviors Among Adults Residing In Non-Metropolitan And Metropolitan Counties In The United States, 2017-2018, Tyrone F. Borders, Michael D. Singleton, Katherine Youngen Nov 2020

Risky Substance Use Behaviors Among Adults Residing In Non-Metropolitan And Metropolitan Counties In The United States, 2017-2018, Tyrone F. Borders, Michael D. Singleton, Katherine Youngen

Rural & Underserved Health Research Center Publications

Overview of Key Findings

Tobacco Use. Non-metropolitan adults had significantly higher prevalence rates of past year tobacco use (34.7% vs. 27.9%), daily cigarette use in the past 30 days (16.5% vs. 10.3%), and smoking at least 1 pack of cigarettes per day in the past 30 days (46.9% vs. 39.1%) than metropolitan adults.

Alcohol Use. Non-metropolitan adults had a lower prevalence rate of past year alcohol use (64.0% vs. 71.0%), past 30-day alcohol use (48.7% vs. 56.6%), and past 30-day binge drinking (24.5% vs. 26.7%) than metropolitan adults ...


New Normal For Medical Practice Post Covid-19?, David B. Nash Oct 2020

New Normal For Medical Practice Post Covid-19?, David B. Nash

College of Population Health Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.


Imagining The Future Of Medicine Through A Lens Of Prejudice: Lessons From The American Past, Neil Nusbaum Sep 2020

Imagining The Future Of Medicine Through A Lens Of Prejudice: Lessons From The American Past, Neil Nusbaum

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Many healthcare management decisions today, such as those about facility construction, will have impact even decades beyond the traditional 5 or 10 year planning horizon. In order to get some idea of the possibilities and challenges of today’s long range forecasts in healthcare, it is instructive to look at how well similar efforts fared a century ago. Looking in retrospect now, the task of prognostication then was impeded in part by a failure of vision due to prejudicial attitudes of the era.


The Application Of Drones In Healthcare And Health-Related Services In North America: A Scoping Review, Bradley Hiebert, Elysée Nouvet, Vyshnave Jeyabalan, Lorie Donelle Sep 2020

The Application Of Drones In Healthcare And Health-Related Services In North America: A Scoping Review, Bradley Hiebert, Elysée Nouvet, Vyshnave Jeyabalan, Lorie Donelle

Health Studies Publications

© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Using drone aircraft to deliver healthcare and other health-related services is a relatively new application of this technology in North America. For health service providers, drones represent a feasible means to increase their efficiency and ability to provide services to individuals, especially those in difficult to reach locations. This paper presents the results of a scoping review of the research literature to determine how drones are used for healthcare and health-related services in North America, and how such applications account for human operating and machine design factors. Data were collected from PubMed ...


E-Cigarette Availability, Price Promotions And Marketing At The Point-Of Sale In The Contiguous United States (2014-2015): National Estimates And Multilevel Correlates, Heather D'Angelo, Shyanika W. Rose, Shelley D. Golden, Tara Queen, Kurt M. Ribisl Sep 2020

E-Cigarette Availability, Price Promotions And Marketing At The Point-Of Sale In The Contiguous United States (2014-2015): National Estimates And Multilevel Correlates, Heather D'Angelo, Shyanika W. Rose, Shelley D. Golden, Tara Queen, Kurt M. Ribisl

Behavioral Science Faculty Publications

Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) sales and use have increased rapidly, yet point-of-sale e-cigarette availability and marketing is understudied. We estimated changes in e-cigarette availability and marketing among tobacco retailers in the U.S., and associations with neighborhood characteristics. A national sample of tobacco retailers in the Contiguous U.S. was audited in 2014 and 2015 (n = 1,905 and n = 2,126, respectively) to observe e-cigarette availability and marketing (signs, ads, displays and promotions) and generate national prevalence estimates. Store, neighborhood and state level correlates of 2015 e-cigarette availability, price promotions and exterior advertising were analyzed using multilevel mixed-effects generalized linear ...


Health Is Wealth: The Correlation Of Wellness Programs & Productivity In Canada And The U.S., Madeline Wert Jul 2020

Health Is Wealth: The Correlation Of Wellness Programs & Productivity In Canada And The U.S., Madeline Wert

Business and Economics Summer Fellows

Does health impact the productivity of workers? Are there differences between the U.S. and Canada? Firms both in Canada and the U.S. deal with issues of presenteeism and absenteeism. Presenteeism is when an employee shows up to work but they are distracted by their own or a family member’s health issue. One response to reduce presenteeism and absenteeism are workplace wellness programs. Workplace wellness programs are facilitated programs by a firm to promote the health and wellbeing of their employees, which benefits the employer and the employees. There are additional incentives for U.S. employers to implement ...