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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Kids Don’T Float…And Their Parents Don’T Either: Using A Family-Centered Approach In Alaska’S Kids Don’T Float Program, Michelle E. E. Bauer, Audrey R. Giles, Justina Marianayagam, Kelli M. Toth May 2020

Kids Don’T Float…And Their Parents Don’T Either: Using A Family-Centered Approach In Alaska’S Kids Don’T Float Program, Michelle E. E. Bauer, Audrey R. Giles, Justina Marianayagam, Kelli M. Toth

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

The goal of this experiential report is to outline the adoption of a family-centered Kids Don’t Float approach. We conducted a critical synthesis of information to reflect the expansion of the Kids Don’t Float program into a more family-centered approach. The critical synthesis provided insights into why we should adopt this approach, how it was implemented, and how it influenced drowning incidents compared to the previously used child-centered approach. The adoption of a family-centered approach may contribute to reducing drowning incidents by targeting parents, providing safety information to families, and promoting parental modelling of life jackets. Program evaluators ...


Impact Of Childhood Vaccinations Suspended Due To Covid-19, Karina I. Figueroa May 2020

Impact Of Childhood Vaccinations Suspended Due To Covid-19, Karina I. Figueroa

2020 Symposium Posters

Due to the COVID-19 outbreak of 2020, a public health issue has been created that has the potential to significantly affect our view on society. Among the variety of preventative tactics to slow the spread of infection, there has been a suspension of childhood vaccination across the globe including among developing countries. The World Health Organization (WHO) has announced that governments suspend preventive vaccination programs briefly during the pandemic as of March 26th (Ray, 2020). As a result of this, there has been an impact on children's health and an increase in mortality rates. The purpose of this research ...


Comprehensive Review Of Telehealth Law And Literature: Implications For Future Policy And Patients, Morgan Kristensen May 2020

Comprehensive Review Of Telehealth Law And Literature: Implications For Future Policy And Patients, Morgan Kristensen

Capstone Experience

PURPOSE: The purpose of this Capstone is to determine whether telehealth is effective at producing positive health outcomes, and what the current status of state telehealth law is in the United States and how can the law be changed to improve the implementation and use of telehealth services. METHODS: A literature review of PubMed was used to find articles relating to telehealth and its effectiveness. A law review of each state’s telehealth and telemedicine laws was conducted using Westlaw. RESULTS: The literature review uncovered that telehealth has the potential to produce positive health outcomes for a variety of conditions ...


Transitioning From Episodic To Sustained Care In Humanitarian Service, W Howard Mcalister Od, Ma, Mph, Jeffrey L. Weaver Od, Ms, Timothy A. Wingert Od, Kristen Kramlich Od Apr 2020

Transitioning From Episodic To Sustained Care In Humanitarian Service, W Howard Mcalister Od, Ma, Mph, Jeffrey L. Weaver Od, Ms, Timothy A. Wingert Od, Kristen Kramlich Od

Optometric Clinical Practice

Background: Humanitarian missions serve populations needing care and usually provide short term interventions. Traditionally, care provided through humanitarian agencies like VOSH International has been episodic, consisting of a short-term mission placing a team in country for several days. There have been discussions that episodic care is a short term measure which impedes the systematic development of a long term solution to providing the necessary health care. The move toward sustained care is a step in the direction of improving the public health in developing countries.

Method: A survey instrument was mailed to the 26 VOSH chapters in the United States ...


Community Psychology's Impact On Public Health And The Experience Of Marginalization, Katie Hudick Apr 2020

Community Psychology's Impact On Public Health And The Experience Of Marginalization, Katie Hudick

Richard T. Schellhase Essay Prize in Ethics

Vulnerable and marginalized populations face a series of risks and dangers throughout their daily lives. This is not simply limited to explicit forms of discrimination and hatred, but systemic forms of oppression and discrimination which limit those not belonging to more privileged and affluent socioeconomic or sociocultural groups. Community psychology operates as a means of analyzing how environmental and social factors impact specific demographic groups within a larger population and by extension the experience of mental health specific to these groups (Townley, Brown, & Sylvestre, 2018). In the application of this field, it is critical to understand the dynamics of systems ...


The Covid-19 Pandemic: A Comprehensive Review Of Taxonomy, Genetics, Epidemiology, Diagnosis, Treatment, And Control, Yosra A. Helmy, Mohamed Fawzy, Ahmed Elaswad, Ahmed Sobieh, Scott P. Kenney, Awad A. Shehata Apr 2020

The Covid-19 Pandemic: A Comprehensive Review Of Taxonomy, Genetics, Epidemiology, Diagnosis, Treatment, And Control, Yosra A. Helmy, Mohamed Fawzy, Ahmed Elaswad, Ahmed Sobieh, Scott P. Kenney, Awad A. Shehata

Coronavirus COVID-19 Publications by UMMS Authors

A pneumonia outbreak with unknown etiology was reported in Wuhan, Hubei province, China, in December 2019, associated with the Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market. The causative agent of the outbreak was identified by the WHO as the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), producing the disease named coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19). The virus is closely related (96.3%) to bat coronavirus RaTG13, based on phylogenetic analysis. Human-to-human transmission has been confirmed even from asymptomatic carriers. The virus has spread to at least 200 countries, and more than 1,700,000 confirmed cases and 111,600 deaths have been recorded, with massive global ...


Covid-19 Travel Restrictions And The International Health Regulations - Call For An Open Debate On Easing Of Travel Restrictions, Eskild Petersen, Brian Mccloskey, David S. Hui, Richard Kock, Francine Ntoumi, Ziad A. Memish, Nathan Kapata, Esam I. Azhar, Marjorie Pollack, Lawrence C. Madoff, Davidson H. Hamer, Jean B. Nachega, N. Pshenichnaya, Alimuddin Zumla Apr 2020

Covid-19 Travel Restrictions And The International Health Regulations - Call For An Open Debate On Easing Of Travel Restrictions, Eskild Petersen, Brian Mccloskey, David S. Hui, Richard Kock, Francine Ntoumi, Ziad A. Memish, Nathan Kapata, Esam I. Azhar, Marjorie Pollack, Lawrence C. Madoff, Davidson H. Hamer, Jean B. Nachega, N. Pshenichnaya, Alimuddin Zumla

Coronavirus COVID-19 Publications by UMMS Authors

The COVID-19 pandemic caused by the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) has made national governments worldwide to mandate several generic infection control measures such as physical distancing, self-isolation, and closure of non-essential shops, restaurants schools, among others. Some models suggest physical distancing would have to persist for 3 months to mitigate the peak effects on health systems and could be required on an intermittent basis for 12 to 18 months (Flaxman et al., 2020).


The Epidemiology Of Firearm-Related Injuries Presenting At The Two Level-1 Trauma Centers In Oregon From 2009-2019, Kamil Narayan, Kathleen F. Carlson, Susan Defrancesco Apr 2020

The Epidemiology Of Firearm-Related Injuries Presenting At The Two Level-1 Trauma Centers In Oregon From 2009-2019, Kamil Narayan, Kathleen F. Carlson, Susan Defrancesco

OHSU-PSU School of Public Health Annual Conference

Injury is an important clinical and public health problem worldwide. Firearm-related injury is an important source of trauma-related morbidity and increases the risk of death. The CDC reports that in 2017, 74.5% of homicides deaths and 50.6% of suicide deaths were caused by firearms. The purpose of our retrospective chart review is to describe the epidemiology of firearm-related injuries presenting in the emergency department of two level-1 trauma centers in Oregon over a 10-year period. The study involves victims of gunshot injuries of all ages who were treated in the OHSU and Legacy Emanuel Emergency Department during the ...


Jefferson Digital Commons Quarterly Report: January-March 2020, Kelsey Duinkerken, Msi, James Copeland, Libt, Larissa Gordon, Mslis, Med, Ma Apr 2020

Jefferson Digital Commons Quarterly Report: January-March 2020, Kelsey Duinkerken, Msi, James Copeland, Libt, Larissa Gordon, Mslis, Med, Ma

Jefferson Digital Commons Reports

This quarterly report includes:

  • New Look for the Jefferson Digital Commons
  • Articles
  • COVID-19 Working Papers
  • Educational Materials
  • From the Archives
  • Grand Rounds and Lectures
  • JeffMD Scholarly Inquiry Abstracts
  • Journals and Newsletters
  • Master of Public Health Capstones
  • Oral Histories
  • Posters and Conference Presentations
  • What People are Saying About the Jefferson the Digital Commons


The Impact Of Perceptions About Influenza And The Yearly Influenza Vaccine On Vaccine Behaviors Among Undergraduate Students At The University Of South Carolina, Julia G. Fuller Apr 2020

The Impact Of Perceptions About Influenza And The Yearly Influenza Vaccine On Vaccine Behaviors Among Undergraduate Students At The University Of South Carolina, Julia G. Fuller

Senior Theses

Background: Undergraduate students are at an increased risk for developing respiratory infections as a result of the proximity in which they live, study, and eat. Despite being a target population for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s yearly flu vaccine, several studies of undergraduate populations have found vaccine uptake to be much lower than other at-risk populations. This study aims to understand how perceptions about influenza and the influenza vaccine affect University of South Carolina undergraduate students’ vaccine behavior. Methods: A cross-sectional study was completed using survey data from 165 undergraduate students at the University of South Carolina ...


Is Vaping Related To Other Health Risk Behaviors Among Adolescents?, Alvina Emran Apr 2020

Is Vaping Related To Other Health Risk Behaviors Among Adolescents?, Alvina Emran

Senior Theses

Vaping (smoking a vaporized liquid with an active ingredient) has had an upward trend in high school populations (ages 13-18) within the last decade, mainly due to misinformation and targeting from companies that sell e-cigarettes (142, 7). The most common substances that are vaped in teens are nicotine and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC, the active ingredient in marijuana) (147). Nicotine and THC bind to NAchR and CB1 receptors that affect certain parts of the dopamine reward pathway, such as the prefrontal cortex, the ventral tegmental area, and the ventral striatum in the brain (44,106). Dysfunction within these pathways have been associated ...


Vaccine Confidence, Coverage, And Hesitancy Worldwide: A Literature Analysis Of Vaccine Hesitancy And Potential Causes Worldwide, Jordan Hammond Apr 2020

Vaccine Confidence, Coverage, And Hesitancy Worldwide: A Literature Analysis Of Vaccine Hesitancy And Potential Causes Worldwide, Jordan Hammond

Senior Theses

Vaccines are one of the world’s most impactful medical therapies. They are cost-effective, successfully proven, and one of the quickest treatment options available today (Clark et al., 2016). They save millions of lives every year and have eliminated certain diseases on a national and international level. However, millions of people worldwide still remain unvaccinated. In developed nations, mainly The United States (U.S.) and the European countries, many of the unvaccinated are a result of rising vaccine hesitancy of parents in conjunction with the anti-vaccination movement. Vaccine hesitancy is defined as “a delay in acceptance or refusal of vaccines ...


Did Social-Distancing Measures In Kentucky Help To Flatten The Covid-19 Curve?, Charles J. Courtemanche, Joseph Garuccio, Anh Le, Joshua C. Pinkston, Aaron Yelowitz Apr 2020

Did Social-Distancing Measures In Kentucky Help To Flatten The Covid-19 Curve?, Charles J. Courtemanche, Joseph Garuccio, Anh Le, Joshua C. Pinkston, Aaron Yelowitz

Institute for the Study of Free Enterprise Working Papers

In the absence of a vaccine or more effective treatment options, containing the spread of novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) must rely on non-pharmaceutical interventions. All U.S. states adopted social-distancing measures in March and April of 2020, though they varied in both timing and scope. Kentucky began by closing public schools and restaurant dining rooms on March 16th before progressing to closing other non-essential businesses and eventually issuing a “Healthy at Home” order with restrictions similar to the shelter-in-place (SIPO) orders adopted by other states. We aim to quantify the impact of these measures on COVID-19 case growth in ...


Evaluation Of The Impact Of Social Collaborations On Sexual And Reproductive Health Knowledge, Lucki Word, Jaila Campbell, Manar T. Edriss, Destiny Stroman, Jewel Evans, Melanie Hanna-Johnson, Md, Anil N. F. Aranha, Phd Mar 2020

Evaluation Of The Impact Of Social Collaborations On Sexual And Reproductive Health Knowledge, Lucki Word, Jaila Campbell, Manar T. Edriss, Destiny Stroman, Jewel Evans, Melanie Hanna-Johnson, Md, Anil N. F. Aranha, Phd

Medical Student Research Symposium

Introduction: Developments in technology, such as the popularity of mobile devices and social media outlets, have enhanced the ability of individuals to communicate. Currently, search engines allow for easy exploration of information related to every topic of interest. Our study purpose was to evaluate the impact of technological and social collaborations on sexual and reproductive health knowledge (SRHK).

Methods: A 50-item survey instrument, integrating factors of sociodemographics, number/type of social collaborations, technological communication use, and SRHK, was developed to assess familiarity with sexual and reproductive health perceptions. The survey was provided to consenting patients in an ambulatory, primary care ...


Disparity In Risk Factor Severity For Early Childhood Blood Lead Among Predominantly African-American Black Children: The 1999 To 2010 Us Nhanes, Deniz Yeter, Ellen Banks, Michael Aschner Feb 2020

Disparity In Risk Factor Severity For Early Childhood Blood Lead Among Predominantly African-American Black Children: The 1999 To 2010 Us Nhanes, Deniz Yeter, Ellen Banks, Michael Aschner

Faculty Articles

There is no safe detectable level of lead (Pb) in the blood of young children. In the United States, predominantly African-American Black children are exposed to more Pb and present with the highest mean blood lead levels (BLLs). However, racial disparity has not been fully examined within risk factors for early childhood Pb exposure. Therefore, we conducted secondary analysis of blood Pb determinations for 2841 US children at ages 1–5 years with citizenship examined by the cross-sectional 1999 to 2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). The primary measures were racial disparities for continuous BLLs or an elevated ...


Shedding Light On Endometriosis: Patient And Provider Perspectives On A Challenging Disease, Madalene Zale, Emily Lambert, Marianna Lanoue, Amy E. Leader Feb 2020

Shedding Light On Endometriosis: Patient And Provider Perspectives On A Challenging Disease, Madalene Zale, Emily Lambert, Marianna Lanoue, Amy E. Leader

College of Nursing Faculty Papers & Presentations

Background: Endometriosis is a serious yet understudied medical condition impacting millions of women worldwide.

Methods: This mixed methods study aimed to understand health care provider perceptions and patient experiences with endometriosis in the United States. Providers were surveyed to assess their understanding of disease prevalence. A subset of providers also participated in short, open-ended interviews about treating patients who have or are suspected to have endometriosis. Interviews were also conducted with women diagnosed with endometriosis to understand their experiences with the disease. Means and frequencies were calculated for survey data; interviews were transcribed and separately analyzed by two coders using ...


Woodi Health Hub: Promoting Health Information Literacy To Students In The Atlanta University Center, Rosaline Y. Odom Feb 2020

Woodi Health Hub: Promoting Health Information Literacy To Students In The Atlanta University Center, Rosaline Y. Odom

Georgia International Conference on Information Literacy

“Health Literacy is defined as the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.” National initiatives call for improved health literacy as a means of addressing ongoing health disparities in the U.S. Low health literacy is linked to a poorer overall health status and higher risk of death among at-risk populations. Vulnerable populations include older adults, immigrant populations, minority populations and low income populations. College years are a time when young adults transition from parental control to independence and face new challenges, stressors and ...


A Public Health Approach To Uncovering The Health-Related Needs Of Teen Library Patrons, Jennifer R. Banas, Michelle J. Oh, Robin Willard, Jeremy Dunn Feb 2020

A Public Health Approach To Uncovering The Health-Related Needs Of Teen Library Patrons, Jennifer R. Banas, Michelle J. Oh, Robin Willard, Jeremy Dunn

Health Sciences and Physical Education Faculty Publications

Widespread problems with health literacy significantly limit effective dissemination and understanding of health information, particularly among vulnerable populations. As libraries are re-envisioned as community centers and resource providers, librarians are well positioned to help patrons overcome health literacy challenges by helping them to search for and use health information. Librarians often have not had health reference training, and some are unsure of the appropriateness of their role in patrons’ health. This study presents the results of a health needs assessment done in collaboration between the Teen Services Department of a major urban library and faculty from a state university. Using ...


War On The Wards: The Collapse Of Health Care Infrastructure Resulting From Violent Conflict, Nathan Hersh, Amy Hagopian, Barry Levy Jan 2020

War On The Wards: The Collapse Of Health Care Infrastructure Resulting From Violent Conflict, Nathan Hersh, Amy Hagopian, Barry Levy

Phase 1

Introduction: While utilizing satellite images to verify reports of hospital damage resulting from armed conflict allows for remote assessment, the use of private satellites to gain access to images prohibits widespread use. The questions this study sought to answer were: Is it possible to replicate the findings of previous reports of hospital damage that used the services of private satellite imagery using open source software, such as Google Earth? What variations exist among the different sites where damage to hospitals is visible, and what gradation is possible? Is this methodology applicable to other examples of armed conflict?

Methods: Using the ...


Constructing And Implementing A Summer Wellness Curriculum: Bridging The Gaps At Yes, Lauren Lynch, Julia Gong, Tim Massaquoi, Ma Jan 2020

Constructing And Implementing A Summer Wellness Curriculum: Bridging The Gaps At Yes, Lauren Lynch, Julia Gong, Tim Massaquoi, Ma

Phase 1

Introduction: Youth experiencing homelessness lack learning experiences during the summer months, potentially leading to delinquent activities and hazardous situations. The project created and implemented a summer wellness curriculum at Youth Emergency Service (YES) that aimed to identify gaps in and educate the youth on various health and wellness topics. Daily exercise actively promoted physical wellbeing.

Methods: The curriculum aimed at a mixed group of adolescents facing homelessness integrated various educational and/or physical activities with wellness activities by YES staff and Title I programming. Activity description, cost, location, time and date, and number of attendees were recorded in a logbook ...


Quality Improvement Study Of Behavioral Health Resources Access In 19121 And 19132, Courtney Kaye, Rickie Brawer, Mph, Phd, Mches, Jeanne Felter, Phd, Lpc Jan 2020

Quality Improvement Study Of Behavioral Health Resources Access In 19121 And 19132, Courtney Kaye, Rickie Brawer, Mph, Phd, Mches, Jeanne Felter, Phd, Lpc

Phase 1

Introduction: Children who have experienced four or more ACES (adverse childhood events) are shown to have negative mental health outcomes. Adolescents living in the Philadelphia zip codes 19121 and 19132 have higher ACE scores. This makes it necessary for adolescent providers to screen for behavioral health issues in their patients and refer out to appropriate resources.

Objective: The purpose of this quality improvement study is to see what current barriers exist relating to physician referral and access to behavioral health resources for their patients.

Methods: A guide of behavioral health resources available to adolescents in 19121 and 19132 was made ...


Perspectives On Lung Cancer Screening In The Philadelphia Lgbtq Community, Kaitlin Demarest, Kristine Pham, Mph, Rickie Brawer, Phd Jan 2020

Perspectives On Lung Cancer Screening In The Philadelphia Lgbtq Community, Kaitlin Demarest, Kristine Pham, Mph, Rickie Brawer, Phd

Phase 1

Introduction: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths in the United States, but there are low screening rates across the country. While the prevalence of smoking in the LGBTQ population is disproportionately high, the LGBTQ community may have decreased access to screening, since they are reported to be less likely to have health insurance, more likely to receive inferior care or be denied care. The objective of this project was to better understand the knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes toward lung cancer screening in the LGBTQ community in Philadelphia in order to develop appropriate, community-focused educational materials to increase ...


Adolescent Hiv Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Prescribing Practices Among Family Medicine Physicians: Limited Immediate Uptake, Emma T. Cooper, Steven A. Elsesser, Md, Amy Cunningham, Phd, Mph, Marshal Miller, Md Jan 2020

Adolescent Hiv Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Prescribing Practices Among Family Medicine Physicians: Limited Immediate Uptake, Emma T. Cooper, Steven A. Elsesser, Md, Amy Cunningham, Phd, Mph, Marshal Miller, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: In the United States, individuals aged 13-24 made up 21% of new HIV infections in 2016. In 2018, the FDA approved tenofovir/emtricitabine as HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for adolescents aged 15-17. In 2019, we examined adolescent PrEP prescribing practices among family medicine physicians at an academic family medicine practice.

Methods: Physicians were invited to complete an online questionnaire assessing PrEP knowledge, attitudes, and prescribing practices. Differences in PrEP knowledge and attitudes among providers who prescribe PrEP to adolescents versus those who do not were examined using independent samples t-tests.

Results: 50 out of 99 surveys were completed. Respondents ...


Needs Assessment: Northeast Philly Opioid Epidemic, Davis Witt, Ms, Christopher Chambers, Md Jan 2020

Needs Assessment: Northeast Philly Opioid Epidemic, Davis Witt, Ms, Christopher Chambers, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: Philadelphia has the 3rd highest rate of opioid-related overdoses in the nation. This crisis is worsening in Northeast Philadelphia and the Department of Public Health lacks necessary information to intervene in an informed manner.

Objective: This study aims to better understand the crisis in this community and to provide key information to guide future harm reduction interventions in the Northeast Philadelphia region.

Methods: Using a designed discussion guide, qualitative interviews were completed with key stakeholders and community members. Information regarding personal experiences and opinions about the epidemic was gathered and interviews were analyzed using narrative analysis. In addition, needle ...


Patient Engagement And Opinions Of A Medication Assisted Treatment Program For Opioid Use Disorder: A Qualitative Assessment, Sarah Wagoner, Lara Weinstein, Md Jan 2020

Patient Engagement And Opinions Of A Medication Assisted Treatment Program For Opioid Use Disorder: A Qualitative Assessment, Sarah Wagoner, Lara Weinstein, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: Opioid use disorder is widely regarded as a national health epidemic. Stephen Klein Wellness Center 6as started a Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT) program to help combat this epidemic- a program that is unique in that it does not require sustained abstinence for continued participation in the program.

Objective: The objective of this study is to better understand the beliefs and attitudes of patients towards a substance use treatment program that does not require sustained abstinence.

Methods: Five focus groups, totaling 31 participants, were assembled from patients who are current participants in Stephen Klein’s MAT program. The content of the ...


Medication Adherence In A Housing First Model, Lily Segal, Sharon Lyles Jan 2020

Medication Adherence In A Housing First Model, Lily Segal, Sharon Lyles

Phase 1

Introduction: Mental illness and chronic medical conditions are prevalent among those experiencing homelessness. Medication adherence has been very poor due to a variety of barriers, one of those being housing. For those who have previously experienced homelessness, does a Housing First model have a positive impact on medication adherence?

Methods: The target population was individuals on Team 1 at Pathways to Housing, PA. Medication adherence was measured through the use of blister packs, which contained 1 weeks’ worth of medication, therefore at the end of the month 4-empty blister packs should have been returned. Medication adherence, specifically for the chronic ...


Advocating For Protective Measures Against Childhood Lead-Poisoning In Philadelphia Rental Homes, Claire Miller, Colleen Mccauley Jan 2020

Advocating For Protective Measures Against Childhood Lead-Poisoning In Philadelphia Rental Homes, Claire Miller, Colleen Mccauley

Phase 1

Introduction: Lead exposure has been linked to delays in development and behavioral problems in children. Over 1,500 children are poisoned by lead each year in Philadelphia; the majority (62%) in rental homes.

Objective: The purpose of this project was to understand the impact of lead poisoning on children in Philadelphia, the current policies in place to protect children and the ways in which various stakeholders can advocate for policy changes that will better protect children.

Methods: A mixed-methods approach was utilized including meetings with councilmembers, stakeholder interviews and data analysis, visualization and presentation. This information was used to gain ...


Identifying The Health Needs Of Latino Youth In East North Philadelphia Through Photovoice, John Mckeegan, Maria Arisi, Vincent Pepe, Caleb Dafilou, Mph, Rickie Brawer, Mph, Phd, Mches Jan 2020

Identifying The Health Needs Of Latino Youth In East North Philadelphia Through Photovoice, John Mckeegan, Maria Arisi, Vincent Pepe, Caleb Dafilou, Mph, Rickie Brawer, Mph, Phd, Mches

Phase 1

Introduction: The Hispanic population in East North Philadelphia is abounding with risk factors for poor health. These structural risk factors adversely affect the Hispanic adolescents in the area – a demographic that has historically had little say in the research that is done to contextualize the self identified health needs in the community.

Objective: The purpose for this project is to identify the factors that are both helping and preventing healthy development and living of Hispanic adolescents in East North Philadelphia, as well as beginning to find avenues of support for the prioritized self identified needs.

Methods: A Photovoice project was ...


Health Concerns In The Juvenile Justice System In Philadelphia: An Analysis, Sarah Humrich Jan 2020

Health Concerns In The Juvenile Justice System In Philadelphia: An Analysis, Sarah Humrich

Phase 1

Introduction: There are more than 40,000 minors nationwide that are incarcerated, and yet there remains to be no standardized way to offer this population health care. Time spent in prison offers a unique opportunity that could allow healthcare workers to intervene, providing needed health care to an otherwise neglected population. This research seeks to better understand the healthcare offered to youth in juvenile detention centers in Philadelphia and to determine the unique health concerns of this population.

Methods: The target population of this study is the incarcerated youth in the juvenile detention centers of Philadelphia. I intend to collect ...


Analyzing The Attitudes, Beliefs, And Practices Of Breastfeeding Women At Maternity Care Coalition, Angela Heysel, Conor Bradley, Naima Black, Galissa Jones Jan 2020

Analyzing The Attitudes, Beliefs, And Practices Of Breastfeeding Women At Maternity Care Coalition, Angela Heysel, Conor Bradley, Naima Black, Galissa Jones

Phase 1

Introduction: It is recommended that women breastfeed for twelve months because breastfeeding is an important part of infant development and maternal bonding. Research shows that despite high overall breastfeeding rates, discrepancies exist in breastfeeding rates across zip codes and race in Philadelphia. The research goal is to develop a community resource to promote breastfeeding in Philadelphia and to understand the impact race and zip code have on breastfeeding attitudes and practices.

Methods: Data was collected from residents of Philadelphia and neighboring counties through an online general population survey and focus group survey. Both surveys addressed demographics and the women’s ...