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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

The Real Toy Story: The San Francisco Board Of Supervisors Healthy Food Incentives Ordinance, Cortney Price May 2021

The Real Toy Story: The San Francisco Board Of Supervisors Healthy Food Incentives Ordinance, Cortney Price

Journal of Food Law & Policy

Obesity among children in the United States has tripled over the last thirty years. Incidentally, the world's largest fast food restaurant, McDonald's, first introduced its children's Happy Meal thirty-two years ago. Shortly thereafter, the first Disney inspired toy found its way into Happy Meals and the hearts of the "billions and billions served." Although the iconic Happy Meal and accompanying toy have become "a staple of Americana akin to baseball and apple pie," the continued existence of the practice is being threatened in light of the powerful influence toys have on children's food choices, thus contributing ...


Ethnic And Racial Disparities In Covid-19 Infections In The United States������ ��� ������ ����������� �� �������� ���������� �� ��� ������ ��, Seraphina Negash May 2021

Ethnic And Racial Disparities In Covid-19 Infections In The United States������ ��� ������ ����������� �� �������� ���������� �� ��� ������ ��, Seraphina Negash

Senior Honors Projects

No abstract provided.


A Moment Of Peace: An Artistic Representation Of The Influence Of Healthcare On Social Disruption, Nafisa Choudhury Apr 2021

A Moment Of Peace: An Artistic Representation Of The Influence Of Healthcare On Social Disruption, Nafisa Choudhury

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

This original pen-and-ink artwork features a lily on the water symbolizing peace. As war, distrust, chaos and coups wreak havoc throughout many developing nations, healthcare workers and public health officials should be encouraged that we do in fact have a part to play in managing the human health affected by the disruption. Health work can provide a zone of comfort, spread solidarity and understanding, and manage the human toll of war. Healthcare workers have major roles in peace-keeping efforts as a result of these determinations and their impact on peace should be acknowledged and lauded. We hope that as we ...


Covid-19 And Challenges To The Traditional Understanding Of Individual Medical Autonomy, Callon A. Green Apr 2021

Covid-19 And Challenges To The Traditional Understanding Of Individual Medical Autonomy, Callon A. Green

Honors Theses

Throughout history, vaccines have provided the human population with the ability to combat dangerous illnesses and avoid preventable suffering. Despite the benefits vaccines provide to the public health of the United States, anti-vaccination sentiment and resistance to vaccine uptake are still prevalent in the modern day. As the COVID-19 pandemic has developed into a major public health crisis that can be controlled through vaccination, the issues underlying vaccine resistance are becoming more critical to return to normal life. Using COVID-19 as a case study, it is evident that the individual choice to deny vaccination can have consequences on the health ...


Book Review: Foundations Of Artificial Intelligence In Healthcare And Bioscience, Paul B. Freeman Od Apr 2021

Book Review: Foundations Of Artificial Intelligence In Healthcare And Bioscience, Paul B. Freeman Od

Optometric Clinical Practice

Book Review:

Catania LJ. Foundations of Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare and Bioscience. Cambridge: Academic Press; 2020, $150.00, 524 pages, Paperback ISBN:9780128244777, e-book ISBN: 9780323860055.


Supply, Demand, And Quality: A Three-Pronged Approach To Blood Product Management In Developing Countries, Kyle L. Gress, Karina Charipova, Ivan Urits, Omar Viswanath, Alan D. Kaye Apr 2021

Supply, Demand, And Quality: A Three-Pronged Approach To Blood Product Management In Developing Countries, Kyle L. Gress, Karina Charipova, Ivan Urits, Omar Viswanath, Alan D. Kaye

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

While transfusion of blood and blood products is instinctively linked to the provision of emergent care, blood and blood products are also routinely used for the treatment of subacute and chronic conditions. Despite the efforts of the World Health Organization and others, developing countries are faced with a three-part problem when it comes to access to and delivery of transfusions: insufficient supply, excessive demand, and inadequate quality of available supply. Developing countries rely heavily on replacement and remunerated donors rather than voluntary nonremunerated donors due to concerns regarding donation- and transfusion-transmitted infection as well as local and cultural beliefs. While ...


Smokeless Tobacco Initiation, Use And Cessation In South Asia: A Qualitative Assessment, Faraz Siddiqui, Ray Croucher Ray Croucher, Fayaz Ahmad, Zarak Hussain Ahmed, Roshani Babu, Linda Bauld, Fariza Fieroze, Rumana Huque, Maira Mubashir, Narjis Rizvi Apr 2021

Smokeless Tobacco Initiation, Use And Cessation In South Asia: A Qualitative Assessment, Faraz Siddiqui, Ray Croucher Ray Croucher, Fayaz Ahmad, Zarak Hussain Ahmed, Roshani Babu, Linda Bauld, Fariza Fieroze, Rumana Huque, Maira Mubashir, Narjis Rizvi

Community Health Sciences

Introduction: Smokeless tobacco (ST) is a significant South Asian public health problem. This paper reports a qualitative study of a sample of South Asian ST users.
Methods: Interviews, using a piloted topic guide, with 33 consenting, urban dwelling adult ST users explored their ST initiation, continued use and cessation attempts. Framework data analysis was used to analyse country specific data before a thematic cross-country synthesis was completed.
Results: Participants reported long term ST use and high dependency. All reported strong cessation motivation and multiple failed attempts because of ease of purchasing ST, tobacco dependency and lack of institutional support.
Conclusions ...


Institute Of Public Health Newsletter- Volume2, Issue1, Institute Of Public Health (Iph) - Cmhs Apr 2021

Institute Of Public Health Newsletter- Volume2, Issue1, Institute Of Public Health (Iph) - Cmhs

Institute of Public Health Newsletter (IPHNL)

No abstract provided.


Laboratory Techniques In Public Health: Bi-520 Introduction To Public Health Lab Manual, Anuradha Srivastava Apr 2021

Laboratory Techniques In Public Health: Bi-520 Introduction To Public Health Lab Manual, Anuradha Srivastava

Open Educational Resources

This laboratory manual for a foundations course Public Health is unique in the sense that very rarely, a foundations course in the field has a lab component offered with the lecture. This lab manual provides basic laboratory exercises that could be useful to introduce undergraduate students to the basics of public health laboratory practices.


Jefferson Digital Commons Quarterly Report: January-March 2021, Kelsey Duinkerken, Msi, Larissa Gordon, Mslis, Med, Ma Apr 2021

Jefferson Digital Commons Quarterly Report: January-March 2021, Kelsey Duinkerken, Msi, Larissa Gordon, Mslis, Med, Ma

Jefferson Digital Commons Reports

This quarterly report includes:

  • Articles
  • Dissertations
  • Grand Rounds and Lectures
  • JCPH Capstone Presentations
  • Journals and Newsletters
  • Know Diabetes by Heart Meetings
  • Library Resources
  • MPH COVID-19 Infographics
  • Posters
  • Scholarly Inquiry Graphics
  • The Big in Big Data Symposium
  • What People are Saying About the Jefferson Digital Commons


Advocacy For Older Adults At A State Unit On Aging, Nicki Richardson Apr 2021

Advocacy For Older Adults At A State Unit On Aging, Nicki Richardson

OTD Capstone Projects

As Tennessee’s state unit on aging, the Tennessee Commission on Aging and Disability (TCAD) advocates for the health, dignity, independence, and security of older adults through an array of programs and services that address multiple population needs. This doctoral capstone internship and project primarily consisted of activities to support the implementation, management, and sustainability of TCAD’s grant-funded statewide falls prevention program. Project outcomes included but are not limited to: completion of a grant proposal, analysis of data obtained from falls prevention program participants and presentation of results to stakeholders, and creation of resources to support the recruitment and ...


An Interdisciplinary Approach To Community-Engaged Research Surrounding Lead In Drinking Water In The Mississippi Delta, Kristine L. Willett, Stephanie E. Showalter, Catherine M. Janasie, Josephine P. Rhymes, Kennedy Dickson, John J. Green Mar 2021

An Interdisciplinary Approach To Community-Engaged Research Surrounding Lead In Drinking Water In The Mississippi Delta, Kristine L. Willett, Stephanie E. Showalter, Catherine M. Janasie, Josephine P. Rhymes, Kennedy Dickson, John J. Green

Journal of Rural Social Sciences

Childhood lead poisoning is a problem requiring interdisciplinary attention from toxicology, public health, social sciences, environmental law, and policy. In the U.S., Mississippi was ranked as one of the worst states for lead poisoning with limited childhood screening measures. We conducted community-engaged research by working with leaders in the largely rural Mississippi Delta region from 2016-2019 to collect household water samples and questionnaires and involve their communities in lead poisoning risk awareness and outreach. Drinking water from 213 homes was collected and analyzed for pH and lead concentrations. Highest lead concentrations were from households served by private wells, and ...


Feasibility, Usability And Acceptability Of Paediatric Lung Ultrasound Among Healthcare Providers And Caregivers For The Diagnosis Of Childhood Pneumonia In Resource-Constrained Settings: A Qualitative Study, Atif Riaz, Olga Cambaco, Laura Elizabeth Ellington, Jennifer L. Lenahan, Khatia Munguambe, Usma Mehmood, Sana Qaisar, Benazir Baloch, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Fyezah Jehan Mar 2021

Feasibility, Usability And Acceptability Of Paediatric Lung Ultrasound Among Healthcare Providers And Caregivers For The Diagnosis Of Childhood Pneumonia In Resource-Constrained Settings: A Qualitative Study, Atif Riaz, Olga Cambaco, Laura Elizabeth Ellington, Jennifer L. Lenahan, Khatia Munguambe, Usma Mehmood, Sana Qaisar, Benazir Baloch, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Fyezah Jehan

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Objectives: Paediatric pneumonia burden and mortality are highest in low-income and middle-income countries (LMIC). Paediatric lung ultrasound (LUS) has emerged as a promising diagnostic tool for pneumonia in LMIC. Despite a growing evidence base for LUS use in paediatric pneumonia diagnosis, little is known about its potential for successful implementation in LMIC. Our objectives were to evaluate the feasibility, usability and acceptability of LUS in the diagnosis of paediatric pneumonia.
Design: Prospective qualitative study using semistructured interviews SETTING: Two referral hospitals in Mozambique and Pakistan PARTICIPANTS: A total of 21 healthcare providers (HCPs) and 20 caregivers were enrolled.
Results: HCPs ...


Stroke: Identifying Symptoms And Acting Fast To Save Lives And Prevent Permanent Disabilities, Mary E. Helander, Bernard Appiah, Miriam Mutambudzi Mar 2021

Stroke: Identifying Symptoms And Acting Fast To Save Lives And Prevent Permanent Disabilities, Mary E. Helander, Bernard Appiah, Miriam Mutambudzi

Lerner Center for Public Health Promotion: Population Health Research Brief Series

Stroke is the 5th leading cause of death in the United States. Strokes and their long-term effects are preventable. Recognizing the symptoms of stroke and acting quickly can prevent death and minimize long-term disabilities. Family members and bystanders have an important role to play. This issue brief describes stroke symptoms and prevention guidelines, summarizes the information 9-1-1 callers should be prepared to provide when someone is having a stroke, and discusses the importance of acting quickly to save lives and long-term damage.


Impact Of Social Isolation On Mortality And Morbidity In 20 High-Income, Middle-Income And Low-Income Countries In Five Continents, Ryo Naito, Darryl P. Leong, Shrikant Ishve Bangdiwala, Martin Mckee, S V. Subramanian, Sumathy Rangarajan, Shofiqul Islam, Alvaro Avezum, Karen E. Yeates, Syed Iqbal Azam Mar 2021

Impact Of Social Isolation On Mortality And Morbidity In 20 High-Income, Middle-Income And Low-Income Countries In Five Continents, Ryo Naito, Darryl P. Leong, Shrikant Ishve Bangdiwala, Martin Mckee, S V. Subramanian, Sumathy Rangarajan, Shofiqul Islam, Alvaro Avezum, Karen E. Yeates, Syed Iqbal Azam

Community Health Sciences

Objective: To examine the association between social isolation and mortality and incident diseases in middle-aged adults in urban and rural communities from high-income, middle-income and low-income countries.
Design: Population-based prospective observational study.
Setting: Urban and rural communities in 20 high income, middle income and low income.
Participants: 119 894 community-dwelling middle-aged adults.
Main outcome measures: Associations of social isolation with mortality, cardiovascular death, non-cardiovascular death and incident diseases.
Results: Social isolation was more common in middle-income and high-income countries compared with low-income countries, in urban areas than rural areas, in older individuals and among women, those with less education and ...


The Public Good, Bad Policies, And Tough Times: When Profit And Public Interests Collide, Austin Mcneill Brown, Shannon M. Monnat Feb 2021

The Public Good, Bad Policies, And Tough Times: When Profit And Public Interests Collide, Austin Mcneill Brown, Shannon M. Monnat

Lerner Center for Public Health Promotion: Population Health Research Brief Series

Privatization of public goods maximizes corporate profits while providing minimal benefits or protections to public health. When calamities such as infectious disease pandemics, natural disasters, and severe weather strike, privatized systems often fail to respond adequately. This issue brief describes how privatization of public goods undermines public health, damages public trust, and erodes democracy and provides suggestions for how we can rethink policies to value people over profits instead of valuing profits over people.


Mapping The Literature On Health Literacy Related To Covid-19 Pandemic: A Scientometric Analysis, Rozeen Shaukat, Nusrat Ali, Muhammad Asif Naveed Feb 2021

Mapping The Literature On Health Literacy Related To Covid-19 Pandemic: A Scientometric Analysis, Rozeen Shaukat, Nusrat Ali, Muhammad Asif Naveed

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This study intended to carry out a scientometric analysis of the literature on health literacy related to Covid-19 pandemic and infodemic to determine its periodic growth, publication format dispersion, core journals, authorship patterns, geographic origin, keywords patterns, and core institutions. Two general bibliographic databases such as Scopus and Web of Science were searched using keywords such as ‘health literacy, health education, health communication, health promotion, combining with Covid-19 using AND to identify related citations. The data set of 620 citations were analyzed and visualized for several bibliographic characteristics using ScientoPy and VOSviewer. The results revealed that there is a phenomenal ...


Smoking Cessation Interventions In South Asian Countries: Protocol For Scoping Review, Sajid Iqbal, Rubina Barolia, Laila Ladak, Pammla Petrucka Feb 2021

Smoking Cessation Interventions In South Asian Countries: Protocol For Scoping Review, Sajid Iqbal, Rubina Barolia, Laila Ladak, Pammla Petrucka

School of Nursing & Midwifery

Introduction: Unfortunately, like many other health risks, smoking rate has been on the rise in developing countries. Half of current smokers in the world reside in only three countries of Asia that include India. Many smoking cessation interventions that were developed and successfully implemented in the context of developed countries have not been equally successful in South Asia. Hence, there is a dire need of culturally relevant smoking cessation interventions. We propose a scoping review with objectives to explore the extent and nature of interventions for smoking cessation and its associated factors in South Asian Region by systematically reviewing the ...


Associations Of Cereal Grains Intake With Cardiovascular Disease And Mortality Across 21 Countries In Prospective Urban And Rural Epidemiology Study: Prospective Cohort Study, Sumathi Swaminathan, Mahshid Dehghan, John Michael Raj, Tinku Thomas, Sumathy Rangarajan, David Jenkins, Prem Mony, Viswanathan Mohan, Scott A. Lear, Romaina Iqbal Feb 2021

Associations Of Cereal Grains Intake With Cardiovascular Disease And Mortality Across 21 Countries In Prospective Urban And Rural Epidemiology Study: Prospective Cohort Study, Sumathi Swaminathan, Mahshid Dehghan, John Michael Raj, Tinku Thomas, Sumathy Rangarajan, David Jenkins, Prem Mony, Viswanathan Mohan, Scott A. Lear, Romaina Iqbal

Community Health Sciences

Objective: To evaluate the association between intakes of refined grains, whole grains, and white rice with cardiovascular disease, total mortality, blood lipids, and blood pressure in the Prospective Urban and Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study.
Design: Prospective cohort study.
Setting: PURE study in 21 countries.
Participants: 148 858 participants with median follow-up of 9.5 years.
Exposures: Country specific validated food frequency questionnaires were used to assess intakes of refined grains, whole grains, and white rice.
Main outcome measure: Composite of mortality or major cardiovascular events (defined as death from cardiovascular causes, non-fatal myocardial infarction, stroke, or heart failure). Hazard ratios ...


Capacity Of Rural Counties To Address An Hiv Or Hepatitis C Outbreak, Jennifer Lenardson Mhs, Jaclyn Janis Rn, Mph, Amanda Burgess Mppm, Karen Pearson Mlis, Ma, Martha Elbaum Mpa Feb 2021

Capacity Of Rural Counties To Address An Hiv Or Hepatitis C Outbreak, Jennifer Lenardson Mhs, Jaclyn Janis Rn, Mph, Amanda Burgess Mppm, Karen Pearson Mlis, Ma, Martha Elbaum Mpa

Population Health

HIV and hepatitis C (HCV) are major public health concerns in the United States and are a focus of significant federal health policy attention. Rural counties may be potentially vulnerable to an HIV or HCV outbreak among persons who inject drugs due to greater prevalence of high-risk injection practices as well as limited public health capacity to prevent, prepare for, and respond to an HIV or HCV outbreak. This study identified states potentially at risk for an HIV or HCV outbreak and used data from the 2016 Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO) Profile Survey, 2016 National Association ...


Constructing Curriculum: Centering Identities In Sex Education, Jozette Belmont Feb 2021

Constructing Curriculum: Centering Identities In Sex Education, Jozette Belmont

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Sex education (sex ed) is a state-by-state and school-by-school issue, and there are no federal laws which mandate medically accurate education. In New York, schools only offer one semester of health education which often happens in the last semester of twelfth grade. Further, LGBTQIA+ people’s sexual health and identities are rarely mentioned. Therefore, this project asks: What are the ways sex ed curricula and policies in New York address the needs of LGBTQIA+ youth? To answer this question, I use a critical policy analysis to compare curriculum from the New York City Department of Education (NYCDOE) and Peer Health ...


Voting Is Healthcare: Talking Politics With Patients Can Improve Health Outcomes, Kellie A. Brue Ms, Jaya Parulekar Bs, Neel Patel Do, Ijeoma Nnodim Opara Md Jan 2021

Voting Is Healthcare: Talking Politics With Patients Can Improve Health Outcomes, Kellie A. Brue Ms, Jaya Parulekar Bs, Neel Patel Do, Ijeoma Nnodim Opara Md

Medical Student Research Symposium

Introduction: Many healthcare policy-related issues were hot topics during this unprecedented election year. Healthcare workers took it upon themselves to play a major role in the election by introducing voting as a topic of discussion within the patient encounter. At Wayne State University School of Medicine (WSUSOM), the Voting is Healthcare (VIH) Taskforce was created in order for students, residents and faculty to assist patients with voter registration. The Taskforce’s major partner was VotER, a non-profit, non-partisan organization dedicated to helping patients register to vote through a user-friendly and easily-accessible online platform.

Methods: The VIH Taskforce distributed badge-backers with ...


Mindful Parenting: Perspectives On The Heart Of The Matter, Jon Kabat-Zinn, Myla Kabat-Zinn Jan 2021

Mindful Parenting: Perspectives On The Heart Of The Matter, Jon Kabat-Zinn, Myla Kabat-Zinn

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

Introduction: When we were writing our book, Everyday blessings: The inner work of mindful parenting (Kabat-Zinn & Kabat-Zinn 1997/2014), an alternative title we very much had in mind was Mindful parenting: Nurturing our children, growing ourselves. The “growing ourselves” element, although it was surrendered in favor of the first title and subtitle, was, is, and always will be an essential element of the entire endeavor. This theme and evidence in support of it can be found throughout this Special Issue. Mindful parenting is not a project to create “better” or “optimal” children (whatever that might mean), or to be “better ...


Modes Of Transmission Of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-Coronavirus-2 (Sars-Cov-2) And Factors Influencing On The Airborne Transmission: A Review, Mahdieh Delikhoon, Marcelo I. Guzman, Ramin Nabizadeh, Abbas Norouzian Baghani Jan 2021

Modes Of Transmission Of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-Coronavirus-2 (Sars-Cov-2) And Factors Influencing On The Airborne Transmission: A Review, Mahdieh Delikhoon, Marcelo I. Guzman, Ramin Nabizadeh, Abbas Norouzian Baghani

Chemistry Faculty Publications

The multiple modes of SARS-CoV-2 transmission including airborne, droplet, contact, and fecal–oral transmissions that cause coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) contribute to a public threat to the lives of people worldwide. Herein, different databases are reviewed to evaluate modes of transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and study the effects of negative pressure ventilation, air conditioning system, and related protection approaches of this virus. Droplet transmission was commonly reported to occur in particles with diameter >5 µm that can quickly settle gravitationally on surfaces (1–2 m). Instead, fine and ultrafine particles (airborne transmission) can stay suspended for an extended period of time ...


Jefferson Digital Commons Quarterly Report: October-December 2020, Kelsey Duinkerken, Msi, Larissa Gordon, Mslis, Med, Ma Jan 2021

Jefferson Digital Commons Quarterly Report: October-December 2020, Kelsey Duinkerken, Msi, Larissa Gordon, Mslis, Med, Ma

Jefferson Digital Commons Reports

This quarterly report includes:

  • Articles
  • Departmental Reports
  • Dissertations
  • Doctorate of Occupational Therapy (OTD) Capstones
  • Educational Materials
  • Grand Rounds and Lectures
  • JCPH Capstone Presentations
  • Journals and Newsletters
  • Library Presentations
  • Posters
  • The Big in Big Data Symposium
  • What People are Saying About the Jefferson Digital Commons


Reviving Focused Scrutiny In The Constitutional Review Of Public Health Measures, Robert Gatter Jan 2021

Reviving Focused Scrutiny In The Constitutional Review Of Public Health Measures, Robert Gatter

Washington University Journal of Law & Policy

State and local officials have issued public health orders aiming to prevent or slow the spread of COVID-19. As a result, constitutional challenges have been brought claiming that certain measures (stay-at-home orders, mask mandates, etc.) violate the right to free exercise of religion, the right to free assembly, and the right to due process. This Article acknowledges the highly deferential standard applied when assessing whether a government’s public health action, during a public health emergency, violates the due process clause. Gatter encourages judges to adopt “focused scrutiny” in these cases, further constraining judicial review by a scientific focus. This ...


Factors Associated With Electronic Cigarette Use Among Adolescents In Texas, Christie Anuli Okonkwo Jan 2021

Factors Associated With Electronic Cigarette Use Among Adolescents In Texas, Christie Anuli Okonkwo

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The use of electronic cigarettes among adolescents has remained a major public health concern. Reports have shown that the adolescent brain is still growing and can be affected by nicotine and cancer-causing chemicals contained in e-cigarettes. The rising trend of e-cigarette use by adolescents has reportedly reached an epidemic, and there is a knowledge gap in the factors associated with this behavior and the provision of appropriate interventions for the at-risk population. The purpose of this quantitative, cross-sectional study was to investigate the association between sociodemographic factors and the tendency of Texas adolescents to use e-cigarettes. This study was a ...


Evaluating Patient And Provider Knowledge Of Safe Pharmaceutical Disposal Procedures In Vermont Through A Public Health And Environmental Lens, Emily R. Straley Jan 2021

Evaluating Patient And Provider Knowledge Of Safe Pharmaceutical Disposal Procedures In Vermont Through A Public Health And Environmental Lens, Emily R. Straley

Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects

Patient and provider knowledge of safe pharmaceutical disposal procedures is crucial from both a public health and environmental standpoint. Unfortunately, studies have shown that Vermont residents are largely unaware of safe drug disposal programs in their communities. This project evaluated patient knowledge of drug disposal practices and awareness of safe pharmaceutical disposal procedures at Hinesburg Family Medicine. A short phrase was created to better disseminate information about safe drug disposal in Hinesburg, which can be added to a patient’s after visit summary. Many patients report never discussing medication disposal with their physician. Therefore, increased provider communication regarding leftover and ...


Association Between Learning Methods And Analgesic Opioid Abuse, Nicole Marie Blanchard Jan 2021

Association Between Learning Methods And Analgesic Opioid Abuse, Nicole Marie Blanchard

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Opioids are an extremely addictive class of medication used to treat pain; overprescribing practices and chronic misuse has led to an epidemic that continues to grow. The opioid epidemic not only has the potential to cause injury or even death but also has a large impact on the U.S. economy. Research regarding determinants of abuse are needed to improve safeguards for opioid abuse prevention. The purpose of this quantitative study was to determine if learning capabilities and/or learning medium preference are correlated with analgesic opioid abuse. The social-ecological model was used to evaluate the social levels of influence ...


Improving Contact Tracing In Minority Communities By Combating Misinformation And Distrust, Jason G. Randall, Dev Dalal, Aileen Dowden Jan 2021

Improving Contact Tracing In Minority Communities By Combating Misinformation And Distrust, Jason G. Randall, Dev Dalal, Aileen Dowden

Understanding and eliminating minority health disparities in a 21st-century pandemic: A White Paper Collection

The COVID-19 pandemic continues to challenge the global population as infection rates climb, and officials struggle to balance the need to slow the spread of COVID-19 but also open economies safely. The disproportionate impact of COVID-19 on minority communities has raised questions about the unique experiences of these communities in terms of not only becoming infected with COVID-19, but also mitigating its spread. Although contact tracing has been identified as an invaluable tool for managing community spread and supporting economic reopening, this is contingent, in part, upon compliance with contact tracer requests. In this study, we investigated how misinformation and ...