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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Finding The Narrative In Incident Reports, La'eeqa Aslam Dec 2018

Finding The Narrative In Incident Reports, La'eeqa Aslam

Master's Projects and Capstones

The Progress Foundation, as licensed by the state of California and the Community Care Licensing, is required to use incident reports for internal audits and remain in compliance as a health facility. Incident reports are used to record events or accidents that have occurred within an organization. Often times, reports are made, handed off, and given from the residence home to the Community Care Licensing with little to no information of how an incident was managed. The Progress Foundation is working towards tracking information from the incident reports to improve internal management and understand the trends in the reports.

In ...


A Support Program For College Students With Autism Spectrum Disorder: The Functioning Of Participants Versus Non-Participants And The Role Of Program-Sponsored Mentoring, Ayla Raven Mapes Dec 2018

A Support Program For College Students With Autism Spectrum Disorder: The Functioning Of Participants Versus Non-Participants And The Role Of Program-Sponsored Mentoring, Ayla Raven Mapes

Theses and Dissertations

Increasingly more students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are attending college. In response, many colleges are now offering these students the extra support of an Autism Support Program (ASP), many of which include a mentoring component. This study is one of only a handful of attempts to examine these programs empirically. Using a small sample of college students who identified as having ASD, I compared participants and non-participants of a university ASP. An online survey was used to assess demographic characteristics and pre-college academic performance, as well as students’ functioning across the following domains: social, adaptive, academic, emotional, and having ...


To Be Known-Publication.Docx, Alexa Ashworth Nov 2018

To Be Known-Publication.Docx, Alexa Ashworth

Alexa Ashworth

No abstract provided.


Animal-Assisted Interventions For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Survey Of French Facilities, Claire Philippe-Peyroutet, Marine Grandgeorge Nov 2018

Animal-Assisted Interventions For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Survey Of French Facilities, Claire Philippe-Peyroutet, Marine Grandgeorge

People and Animals: The International Journal of Research and Practice

Our survey of animal-assisted interventions (AAI) offered by French intervention facilities aimed to examine and describe the range of AAI for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) children. We invited 2,302 facilities to reply to an online questionnaire. The responses to our survey (n = 386) revealed that animals were used extensively as a complementary intervention. Most AAI sessions were in groups. Various animal species (especially horses and dogs) and facility staff members as well as external collaborators were involved. Numerous benefits (e.g., enhanced well-being, self-esteem, and socialization) were reported. Facilities face difficulties in connection with AAI including finances, staffing, and ...


The Effects Of Reentry Programs On Healthcare Accessibility And Resulting Emergency Department Strain By Ex-Inmates: An Integrative Literature Review, Kaitlyn Muratori Nov 2018

The Effects Of Reentry Programs On Healthcare Accessibility And Resulting Emergency Department Strain By Ex-Inmates: An Integrative Literature Review, Kaitlyn Muratori

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

THE EFFECTS OF REENTRY PROGRAMS ON HEALTHCARE ACCESSIBILITY AND RESULTING EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT STRAIN BY EX-INMATES

Kaitlyn Muratori

Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Christina Lattner

Background: Ex-inmates are significantly more likely to use emergency rooms to seek treatment for substance abuse, mental health disorders, or poor management of chronic conditions which, if not treated on a community level, ultimately contributes to overboarding in the emergency department.

Objectives: The purpose of this literature review is to use current research to examine the relationship between reentry programs across the US and healthcare accessibility, as well as the resulting strain of emergency room misuse by ex-inmates ...


Shanghai, China: “Nontraditional” Traditional Chinese Medicine, Joshua Martin Nov 2018

Shanghai, China: “Nontraditional” Traditional Chinese Medicine, Joshua Martin

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

Joshua Martin is a second-year PharmD student in the Purdue University College of Pharmacy. Within the College of Pharmacy, he is the president-elect of the Industry Pharmacist Organization (IPhO), is on the Orientation Steering Committee for newly admitted PharmD students, and preforms nanoparticle research within the Industrial and Physical Pharmacy sector of the College. He hopes to pursue a career in the pharmaceutical industry where he can positively impact patients on a global scale. Josh comes from a family of Boilermakers and avidly supports the Black and Gold. In this article, he describes his experience studying at Shanghai University of ...


An Exploration Of The Quality Of Relationship Between Step-Children And Step-Parents Based On Address Term Usage, Sierra R. Payton Nov 2018

An Exploration Of The Quality Of Relationship Between Step-Children And Step-Parents Based On Address Term Usage, Sierra R. Payton

Theses and Dissertations

This study aimed to examine address term usage as a communicative component of blended/step-families by examining the address terms that step-children use to address their step-parent and whether address term usage can allude to the quality of relationship reported by step-children within the step-child step-parent relationship. Rowan University undergraduate students (n=67) were recruited to complete questionnaires on address term usage and quality of relationship using the Quality of Relationships Inventory (QRI). Address term usage was the independent variable and was measured using three levels: formal, familiar, and familial. Quality of relationship was the dependent variable and was measured ...


Healthy Habits To Reduce Sleep Deprivation In College Students, Jenna L. Bair Nov 2018

Healthy Habits To Reduce Sleep Deprivation In College Students, Jenna L. Bair

Intuition: The BYU Undergraduate Journal in Psychology

Abstract

Sleep can affect many regular functions in the body. Consequently, the physiological and psychological effects of sleep deprivation have many ramifications, including long-term health issues, depression, and eating disorders (Alhola & Polo-Kantola, 2007; Beiter et al., 2015; Jarcho, Slavich, Tylova-Stein, Wolkowitz, & Burke, 2013; Ozsoy, Besirli, Unal, Abdulrezzak, & Orhan, 2015). Despite the importance of sleep for regulative processes, studies indicate that the general population does not receive adequate sleep quality or length (Watson et al., 2017). College students represent a large demographic and often do not obtain enough sleep (Gaultney, 2010). Thus, it is proposed that collegiate institutions and students work together to combat the increasing issue of sleep deprivation. Universities should provide assistance by utilizing their resources to implement informative presentations and applicable course curriculum on the dangers of sleep deprivation. When taught, students are enabled to implement healthy habits. Healthy habits may include consistent sleep schedules and proper sleep length. Research suggests that as students implement these habits, both academic performance and overall quality of life will improve (Alhola & Polo-Kantola, 2007; Thomas, 2015).

Keywords: sleep deprivation, college students, depression, eating disorder


Project Resilience: A Community-Based Resilience Initiative To Engage Rural Adolescents Towards Healthy Functioning, Anthony J. Hill, Joshua Kirven Nov 2018

Project Resilience: A Community-Based Resilience Initiative To Engage Rural Adolescents Towards Healthy Functioning, Anthony J. Hill, Joshua Kirven

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

Project Resilience: A community-based Resilience Initiative to engage rural adolescents towards healthy functioning

Project Resilience, a community-based resilience initiative was developed to address public concern. In the first part of the year of 2012 in a rural Mid-Atlantic state, eight adolescents and young adults died by suicide. Concerned public officials asked the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to assist with the epidemiologic investigation of these deaths. Mental health problems were found to be a significant contributing factor to the fatal suicide attempts. The scope of this paper will explore the potential influence of rural stress, trauma and violence ...


The Critical Need For Mental Health Education To Be Mandated In New Mexico's Public Schools, Bonnie L. Murphy Nov 2018

The Critical Need For Mental Health Education To Be Mandated In New Mexico's Public Schools, Bonnie L. Murphy

Shared Knowledge Conference

Based on a review of research and best practices in mental health awareness and skills, this inquiry project argues for state legislative policies that would require mental health awareness and skills in the K-12 curriculum. Mental health affects individual accomplishments in every stage of people’s lives beginning in early childhood and throughout the life cycle. Prevention and treatment of mental illness plays a key role in the ability of an individual to cope with loss and develop resiliency and perseverance in challenging times and to make better decisions that improve the individual’s life and the lives of those ...


Reclaiming Health For Black Women And Girls: A Conversation With Dr. Jameta Nicole Barlow, Jameta N. Barlow, Tyanez Jones Nov 2018

Reclaiming Health For Black Women And Girls: A Conversation With Dr. Jameta Nicole Barlow, Jameta N. Barlow, Tyanez Jones

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

The Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis has traditionally published interviews with individuals who have strong connections to our special issue topics. We believe that interviews are important ways to contribute to the conversation surrounding critical issues in social justice.


Barriers To Change For Augmentative And Alternative Communication Use, Lauren E. Brown Nov 2018

Barriers To Change For Augmentative And Alternative Communication Use, Lauren E. Brown

Scholars Week

Title: BARRIERS TO CHANGE FOR AUGMENTATIVE AND ALTERNATIVE COMMUNICATION USE

Keywords: speech language pathology, augmentative and alternative communication, counseling, readiness to change, self-efficacy

In recent literature, there has been a marked increase in importance placed upon understanding what factors both positively and negatively impact the progress made by a client and that client’s family in response to speech and language therapy. Today, clinicians prioritize evidence based practice (EBP) when making clinical decisions, focusing on not only clinical expertise and best evidence, but also client and caregiver perspectives, or preferences (ASHA, 2018). In consideration of EBP for augmentative and alternative ...


Ethical Implications Of Treatment For Gender Dysphoria In Youth, Kelsey Hayes Nov 2018

Ethical Implications Of Treatment For Gender Dysphoria In Youth, Kelsey Hayes

Online Journal of Health Ethics

This manuscript explores ethical implications on treatment for youth with diagnosed gender dysphoria. The ethical considerations outlined and analyzed in this essay involve illuminating an understanding of whether the administration of pubertal suppression with GnRH agonists, and cross-sex hormones to children with gender dysphoria is morally justified as treatment to manage their psychological distress, or if safer more understood alternatives exist. This essay emphasizes that as health care professionals we must ensure youth with gender dysphoria receive adequate medical treatment and care however, this essay concludes through extensive literature review, that the use of inconclusive and under researched methods to ...


Umms Alum Raghu Kiran Appasani Addresses Un General Assembly On Global Mental Health, Lisa M. Larson Oct 2018

Umms Alum Raghu Kiran Appasani Addresses Un General Assembly On Global Mental Health, Lisa M. Larson

Senior Scholars Program

This news story is about UMass Medical School alumnus Raghu Kiran Appasani, MD, SOM '18, who addressed the United Nations General Assembly in New York City to help launch the United for Global Mental Health campaign.

Appansani participated as a medical student in the Senior Scholars research program at the University of Massachusetts Medical School. His project was "The PRANA Study: A Formative Evaluation for Suicide Prevention Efforts in Gujurat, India."


Meeting The Intergenerational Needs Of Families Where A Parent Has A Mental Illness, Melinda Goodyear, Myfanwy Mcdonald, Henry Von Doussa, Rose Cuff, Beth Dunlop Oct 2018

Meeting The Intergenerational Needs Of Families Where A Parent Has A Mental Illness, Melinda Goodyear, Myfanwy Mcdonald, Henry Von Doussa, Rose Cuff, Beth Dunlop

Journal of Parent and Family Mental Health

Parental mental illness can have significant psychological, social and economic impacts on families. Because of the potential impact of a parent’s mental illness on children, it can also have an “intergenerational” impact. For example, children may develop a heightened awareness of their parent’s symptoms, become burdened with caring responsibilities and may even develop their own mental health conditions though a mix of genetic and environmental influences. It is important for services to address the intergenerational impacts of parental mental illness. This issue brief is about one program in Australia that may be able to meet the intergenerational needs ...


Cannabinoid Transmission In The Basolateral Amygdala Modulates Prefrontal Cortex And Ventral Hippocampal Activity, Brian J. Pereira Oct 2018

Cannabinoid Transmission In The Basolateral Amygdala Modulates Prefrontal Cortex And Ventral Hippocampal Activity, Brian J. Pereira

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The cannabinoid system is important for maintaining neuron-to-neuron communication within the mammalian brain. One of the most commonly used substances to alter the cannabinoid system is cannabis. Individuals who are exposed to cannabis report having dissociable effects; both positive and negative. High amounts of THC have been commonly associated with the negative effects of cannabis, whereas CBD can be used to counter these. Pre-clinical evidence suggests that the combination of the two compounds can produce a therapeutic benefit for individuals who are susceptible to the effects of THC. The present study investigates whether the combination of THC+CBD can prevent ...


Why Should We Care? Psychodynamic Theory And Practice In Counselor Preparation, Elyssa Smith Oct 2018

Why Should We Care? Psychodynamic Theory And Practice In Counselor Preparation, Elyssa Smith

The Journal of Counselor Preparation and Supervision

Abstract

This constructivist grounded theory investigation explored the experiences and perceptions of seven counselors-in-training regarding psychodynamic theory and practice. Two categories, five themes including three subthemes, and a tentative theory which spoke to the experiences, perceptions, and attitudes of students regarding contemporary psychodynamic psychotherapy emerged. Implications for counselor education and the training of counselors are discussed.

Keywords: counselor preparation, psychodynamic, reflective practice


Examining The Relationship Between Body Mass Index And Health-Related Quality Of Life Perception Among People With Mental Illness, Fatima Bukair Oct 2018

Examining The Relationship Between Body Mass Index And Health-Related Quality Of Life Perception Among People With Mental Illness, Fatima Bukair

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

People suffering from mental illness are three times more likely to die prematurely from ‘natural’ causes than those without mental disorders as a result of their physical condition. Their life expectancy is reduced by 12-19 years. Obesity is commonly associated with mental illness and accounts for increased risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, stroke, heart disease, some cancers and osteoarthritis. This paper examined the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and health-related quality of life perception using the Short-Form Health Survey 36 among people living with mental illness. A Multivariate Multiple Regression model was employed to estimate the variables that ...


Personality Dimensions And Attributional Styles In Individuals With And Without Gender Dysphoria, Siamak Khodarahimi, Hassan Ali Veiskarami, Maria Mercedes Ovejero Bruna Oct 2018

Personality Dimensions And Attributional Styles In Individuals With And Without Gender Dysphoria, Siamak Khodarahimi, Hassan Ali Veiskarami, Maria Mercedes Ovejero Bruna

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

This research investigates personality dimensions and attributional styles among individuals with and without gender dysphoria in relationship to gender, educational level, and ethnicity. Participants were 60 men and women with and without gender dysphoria. A demographic sheet and two inventories were used. Results showed that patients with gender dysphoria had significantly higher neuroticism and lower agreeableness compared with individuals without gender dysphoria. No significance differences in extraversion, openness to experience, and conscientiousness (based on the “big five” personality model) were found between those with and without gender dysphoria. Also, individuals without gender dysphoria had higher positive attributional styles compared to ...


Quality Of Life In Romanian Patients With Schizophrenia Based On Gender, Type Of Schizophrenia, Therapeutic Approach, And Family History, Elena Alina Rosca, Ovidiu Eugen Alexinschi, Călin Brîncuș, Valentin Petre Matei, Ana Giurgiuca Oct 2018

Quality Of Life In Romanian Patients With Schizophrenia Based On Gender, Type Of Schizophrenia, Therapeutic Approach, And Family History, Elena Alina Rosca, Ovidiu Eugen Alexinschi, Călin Brîncuș, Valentin Petre Matei, Ana Giurgiuca

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

The low quality of life of patients with schizophrenia has been extensively discussed and investigated. Various aspects from gender, socio-demographic profile, and/or type of neuroleptic treatment have been taken into account in describing this condition. The purpose of this study is to assess the perceived quality of life of Romanian patients suffering from schizophrenia and to correlate it with gender differences, type of schizophrenia, family history of psychiatric illness, and type of antipsychotic treatment. 143 patients diagnosed with schizophrenia according to DSM IV-TR and ICD 10 were included in the study. Social demographic data were documented and further assessment ...


Using Recovery Coaches In Substance Use Disorder Treatment, Susan Marie Halpin M.Ed., Robert Ryan Ladc, Richard J. Kenny Cadc Oct 2018

Using Recovery Coaches In Substance Use Disorder Treatment, Susan Marie Halpin M.Ed., Robert Ryan Ladc, Richard J. Kenny Cadc

National Network of Libraries of Medicine New England Region (NNLM NER) Repository

A Recovery Coach is a person who helps remove the personal and environmental obstacles to recovery, links the newly recovering person to the recovering community and serves as a personal guide and mentor in the management of personal and family recovery. In this webinar you will learn what motivational interviewing is and how it aids in the change process and communicates acceptance. Rich and Rob will present an overview of the Recovery Coaching program at the University of Massachusetts Medical Center. They will also share the data they have collected from their program about the use of recovery coaching in ...


An Examination Of The Relationship Between Personality, Specialty, And Work Setting To Counselor Burnout., Callie E. Pruett Oct 2018

An Examination Of The Relationship Between Personality, Specialty, And Work Setting To Counselor Burnout., Callie E. Pruett

Clinical Mental Health Counseling Theses

In the past few decades, burnout has become an increasingly significant topic of discussion within the workplace. It is commonly thought that individuals in the helping professions are more susceptible than others to experience symptoms of burnout due to the intimate nature of the profession. Furthermore, there is currently a lack of research regarding burnout within the mental health counselor population. This correlational design study examines the relationship between internal (personality) and external (work setting, counseling specialty, and demographics) factors that may influence individuals’ likelihood of developing burnout symptoms. Results from this study indicate a positive, significant correlation between neuroticism ...


Oxcarbazepine Overdose In A Polysubstance Related Suicide, Melissa Beals, Robert J. Krumsick, C. Clinton Frazee Iii, Lindsey J. Haldiman, Uttam Garg Oct 2018

Oxcarbazepine Overdose In A Polysubstance Related Suicide, Melissa Beals, Robert J. Krumsick, C. Clinton Frazee Iii, Lindsey J. Haldiman, Uttam Garg

Posters

Introduction
Oxcarbazepine is a derivative of carbamazepine that is used primarily in the treatment of epilepsy, and experimentally as a mood-stabilizer in adjunctive therapy for the treatment of bipolar disorder. Oxcarbazepine is converted through oxidation to its pharmacologically active metabolite 10-OH-Carbazepine, which is thought to be responsible for most of the anticonvulsant action of the drug. Adverse effects of oxcarbazepine are generally dose-dependent and may include fatigue, somnolence, dizziness, diplopia, nystagmus, and ataxia. Additive sedative effects have been noted when oxcarbazepine is used in combination with other CNS depressionproducing medications. Furthermore, oxcarbazepine and 10-OH-Carbazepine are powerful CYP2C19 inhibitors, potentially increasing ...


Finding Hope In Chaos: The Development Of A Tool To Identify Key Factors That College Students Use To Effectively Deal With Adversity, Joetta Harlow Kelly Oct 2018

Finding Hope In Chaos: The Development Of A Tool To Identify Key Factors That College Students Use To Effectively Deal With Adversity, Joetta Harlow Kelly

Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to identify techniques that could be developed into a resource for counselors and other professionals who assist college students in dealing effectively with adversity. In a series of four surveys, 200 people were asked to participate. These included professional counselors and ministers both on and off campus, as well as directors in Student Affairs, such as those in student support services and student life. To accomplish this, questionnaires were developed to identify and allow for tabulation of the counseling techniques most commonly used for students dealing with adversity by those working with college students ...


Integrating Primary Care And Wellness Into A Community Mental Health Clinic, Brett Williamson Msw, Mba, Brenda Frutos Mph, Ches, Nyann Biery Ms Oct 2018

Integrating Primary Care And Wellness Into A Community Mental Health Clinic, Brett Williamson Msw, Mba, Brenda Frutos Mph, Ches, Nyann Biery Ms

Department of Family Medicine

No abstract provided.


Invisible Becoming Visible: An Exhibition Of Veterans' Art, Unf Galleries Oct 2018

Invisible Becoming Visible: An Exhibition Of Veterans' Art, Unf Galleries

Lufrano Gallery Textual Materials

These artworks have been created by veterans who have served in various branches of the military during the Cold War, the Vietnam War, and operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Barbara Barnett, Washington, United States Army, Johnathan Clark, Illinois, United States Army, Theodore Gostas, Wyoming, United States Army, David Keefe, New Jersey, United States Marine Corps, James Miller, Indiana, United States Army, Skip Rohde, North Carolina, United States Navy. These veteran artists have been recognized with valor and meritorious awards including the POW Medal, multiple Purple Hearts, Bronze Stars, and numerous service ribbons.


Efficaciousness Of Mindfulness Interventions For Trauma Using Psychophysiological Measures: A Review, Sherief Y. Eldeeb Sep 2018

Efficaciousness Of Mindfulness Interventions For Trauma Using Psychophysiological Measures: A Review, Sherief Y. Eldeeb

Scholarly Undergraduate Research Journal at Clark

In recent decades the efficaciousness of mindfulness has been proven in a wide variety of contexts, but some crucial populations remain understudied. This review critically examines the literature on mindfulness in individuals with trauma using psychophysiological measures. Psychophysiological measures offer critical insight into this intersection of mindfulness and trauma due to the known somatic components in each, as well as serving as an objective response. Mindfulness-based treatments seem to show great promise in treating trauma, however there are significant limitations in the literature. Future studies should standardize the minimum length of treatment, utilize gender-balanced and ethnically diverse samples, and introduce ...


Justice Served Fresh: Associations Between Food Insecurity, Community Gardening, And Property Value, Micajah Daniels, Courtney Coughenour Phd Sep 2018

Justice Served Fresh: Associations Between Food Insecurity, Community Gardening, And Property Value, Micajah Daniels, Courtney Coughenour Phd

McNair Poster Presentations

Numerous stakeholders in Nevada have used a variety of efforts to combat the growth of food insecurity facing Nevadans. The purpose of this research project is to understand the association between food insecurity, community gardens, and property value. Following the wealth of scholarship on these topics and data collected from community garden agencies in Southern Nevada, the research questions for this project include: (1) Where are community gardens located in SNV? (2) What efforts community gardens agencies are doing to address food insecurity (most interested in their efforts using community gardens)? (3) What are the perceptions of supports and barriers ...


"Born Out Of Fear": A Grounded Theory Study Of The Stigma Of Bipolar Disorder For New Mothers, Walker Ladd Ph.D. Sep 2018

"Born Out Of Fear": A Grounded Theory Study Of The Stigma Of Bipolar Disorder For New Mothers, Walker Ladd Ph.D.

The Qualitative Report

Childbirth is an established trigger for the onset of bipolar disorders (BD) in the postpartum period, causing significant pathology and disability. Research has shown that the stigma of mental illness for new mothers is a powerful obstacle to care, preventing women from accessing critical treatment and social support. However, the majority of research has examined the relationship between the stigma and postpartum depression, leaving a gap in knowledge regarding stigma and postpartum bipolar disorder. The problem addressed in this grounded theory study was the lack of knowledge regarding the stigma of a diagnosis of bipolar disorder (BD) in the first ...


Life Review In Aging: A Primer, Thomas M. Meuser Sep 2018

Life Review In Aging: A Primer, Thomas M. Meuser

Social Work Faculty Publications

Humans are narrative beings. We understand and speak of ourselves and the events of our lives in the context of stories. The stories we tell are influenced by our lived experiences, the quality of our memories (what’s recalled and forgotten), relationships, personality styles, values, accomplishments, regrets, spiritual beliefs, and a host of other factors. Telling our stories from the vantage point of old age is reflective of a maturational process of introspection and discovery called life review.